Life of Solomon Angell as told by Ivie J. Ensign, granddaughter
Contributor: trishkovach Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
Son of James Williams Angell and Phebe Ann Morton
Married Eunice Clark Young, 13 April 1828, Providence, Providence, Rhode Island
Married Lucinda Clark, 25 November 1839, Ohio
Married Anna Cajia Johanson, 31 October 1863, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah
An Enduring Legacy, Volume Two, p. 356
Solomon Angell was born April 26, 1806, in Florence, Oneida County, New York, the son of James Williams and Phoebe Morton Angell. It is interesting to note that his grandfather, Thomas Angell, came to colonial America on the same boat with Roger Williams in 1631. They were fast friends, and together they settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, the Puritan colony. Roger Williams was a clergyman of the Church of England, and he disagreed violently with some of the Puritan beliefs, chiefly on the question of religious liberty. So insistent was he on the issue of the separation of church and state that the government banished him and Thomas Angell in 1635.
They went to Rhode Island, where in 1636 they, with ten friends, founded the capital city. They named the new city Providence to commemorate the goodness of God to these
dissenters in distress.
It is not difficult, then, to understand that Solomon Angell was born into a family with traditional reverence for God. His parents were farmers. Unfortunately, they were not too compatible, a fact which resulted in frequent separations. (His father left home when the atmosphere became too heated.)
Solomon's mother heard two missionaries preaching about a new church. She responded readily to the teachings of these elders, Aaron Lyman and Leonard Rich, and she was baptized by them in mid winter. Following her baptism, she took her family to Kirtland, Ohio. Her son Truman O. and his wife, both of whom had accepted the gospel, accompanied the family.
Later, her husband, James Williams (named for Roger Williams), joined the Church and went to Kirtland to be reunited with his family. In due time, the Angell family moved to Far West, Missouri, then crossed the Mississippi River to Illinois—first to Quincy, then in 1841 to Commerce, better known as Nauvoo, on to Winter Quarters, and then to their destination, the area that was to become Utah, arriving under the leadership of Brigham Young on September 20, 1848.
Soon after the Angell family joined the Church, presumably while they still resided in Providence, Solomon married Eunice Clark Young, whose brother was the grandfather of President Harry S. Truman.
The Angell family were preparing to come west with the company led by Ira Eldredge, but when that company left Winter Quarters, Solomon was instructed to remain there to handle Church affairs. Consequently, Solomon put his widowed mother in the care of his brother Truman O. and his family, and they preceded Solomon to this valley by a short time.
Truman Angell drew a lot on First South near State Street, where he built his home. His mother lived in her son's home until her death in 1854. Since there was no cemetery at that time, and it was customary for interments to be made on the home lot, Phoebe Morton Angell was laid to rest on the lot of her son's home.
Years later, about 1909 or 1910, workmen who were doing some construction work in that area exhumed a skeleton. There was no identification, so the bones were taken
to the police station. When early records were searched, the skeleton was positively identified as that of Phoebe Morton Angell. Now she sleeps in the family plot in the Salt Lake City Cemetery.
Solomon, who survived her, was a devoted member of the Church. He had been baptized in 1834, and was married to a wonderful woman who gave him her staunch support in
all his Church activities.
Solomon Angell was frequently and lovingly designated as a master of all trades and jack of none. It seems that he could do anything with or without tools—heavy, mechanical or little finicky jobs. He was considered a master workman and was never idle very long at a time.
When he and his wife, Eunice, arrived in Utah, they were the parents of eight children, five sons and three daughters. The eldest, Sarah Elizabeth, had married Jefferson Wright during the course of the journey. The youngest member of the family, a little five-year-old girl, was my mother, Mary, and she walked a good portion of the way.
When Solomon Angell drew a lot on which to build his home, the location was the corner which is now Third South and Third East and one-half block east of the home of Samuel Ensign. Mary Angell was five, Samuel L. Ensign was eleven. Naturally the two youngsters saw each other once or twice in a while. Can you finish the story? When the little girl was sixteen and the young lad nearly twenty-three, the two became one.
Solomon Angell built his house around his wagon box, and it was a lovely, comfortable home which they enjoyed until several of the children were established in their own homes.
In the early 1860s Solomon and Eunice Angell were called to leave their home and family in Salt Lake City and go to southern Utah to help establish and colonize that part of the territory. He aided in the settling of St. George and then went to Leeds, about fifteen miles away. With other pioneers, the Angell's established this Washington County community and here they spent the remainder of their lives.
On May 9, 1869, Erastus Snow appointed Solomon to be presiding elder of the Leeds Ward, St. George Stake, a position he held until 1876. He was also an honored member
of the Thirty-third Quorum of Seventies. Solomon died at his home in Leeds, September 20, 1881. He and Eunice lie side by side in the cemetery at Leeds and many of their posterity still live in the Leeds and St. George areas. — Ivie J. Ensign, granddaughter.
JOHANSSON, Anna Cajia History
Contributor: trishkovach Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
Anna C. Johansson was born in Bengstorp, Skaraborg, Sweden on October 9, 1835. One day later, she was christened in the Kirkefalla Parish church in Tibro, Sweden. Her parents were Carl Johansson and Cajsa Benjtsdotter. She had two brothers, Fredric Johan and August and three sisters: Maria Stina who died at age 19, Sofia and another sister, Sophia Carlsson who died at age 2. Both Maria and young Sophia were buried in Sweden.
When she was a child of thirteen years, she was stricken with a bone disease (TB) in her heel, both legs and arm, which lasted for three years and rendered her a cripple for life. She never let this handicap keep her from doing what she wanted to do and felt she should do.
Anna's family received the gospel of Jesus Christ through baptism in 1852. At that time, the Swedes were forbidden to worship outside the state-sponsored Lutheran religion. Consequently, their family, with the exception of Fredric who had already married, moved to Denmark in 1853 and lived there 10 years. Here, Anna studied the English language and taught it to others. Anna earned enough money to come to America with a company of immigrants in 1861. They sailed in a vessel for nine weeks.
Anna was hired as an interpreter at Castle Garden on Ellis Island where she earned enough money to go by train to St. Louis, Missouri. Then she joined a group of people coming to Utah across the plains by ox-team. In Utah, she lived in the home of Samuel Richards doing spinning, weaving, sewing and helping out in any way she could to earn her keep.
Anna's parents and younger sister and brother came to Utah later in 1863 and settled in Ephraim where they made a good life for themselves. Anna was able to visit them only one time before she died, as travel was difficult. This was another sacrifice on her part for the gospel's sake.
Anna stayed in Salt Lake and was married to Solomon Angell on October 31, 1863. She was 28 years old and Solomon was 57. Although Solomon had 3 plural wives, one had divorced him and one had died, so he only had his first wife, Eunice Clark Young, at this time. Anna lived with Eunice and Solomon and cared for Eunice in her older years until she died in 1879. Solomon died 2 years later in 1881.
Their first child, Charles Angell was born January 29, 1865. In 1866, Solomon and his family were called to go to Dixie - the land of sagebrush and Indians. They first went to Long Valley, in Kane County, but the Indians caused them to leave. They moved to Pocketville on the Virgin River (now called Virgin City.) Here they lived in a fort where Anna worked at spinning and weaving up until her second child, Phoebe Ann was born June 30, 1867. They moved to Toquerville for a short time, then moved to Leeds in 1869, where Solomon built them a home. Here, two more children came, Adelaide in February 23, 1870 and Lavinnia November 30 1872.
Anna was active in the Church. She served as Primary President for many years, Relief Society teacher for many years, and counselor to Anna Wilkinson.
Through all the years, Anna went among the sick doing obstetric work, which was mostly a service of love, as she asked very little remuneration. Many a pioneer mother has gone through the travail of childbirth with only the assistance and love of this good and capable woman. No doctors were to be had for many years.
When Solomon died in 1881, Anna was left a widow with 4 children ages 9-16. Charles, the oldest child did all he could to help with the garden, the 2 cows and the chickens. They raised most of their own food. The girls were a big help also.
When Anna was 61 years of age she became the main caregiver for 3 orphaned grandchildren, their parents Adelaide and Joseph Barlow having died within six months of each other. One of these children, a daughter, was a severely handicapped invalid child who required constant care. Anna lovingly cared for this granddaughter during her 16 years of life.
Anna was a faithful Latter-day Saint throughout her life, always accepting and serving in whatever callings she received. She was a true saint indeed. She was good as she was fair. None on earth above her as pure in thought as angels are. To know her was to love her. She passed away peacefully on May 18, 1914, at the age of 79. - written by her daughter, Lavinnia
A story from Solomon's Sister,Caroline Frances Angell Davis Holbrook
Contributor: trishkovach Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
A Sketch of the Life and Experiences of
Caroline Frances Angell Davis Holbrook
I was born October 3rd, 1825, in North Providence, Rhode Island. I am the daughter of James Williams Angell and Phebe Morton Angell, who was the daughter of Phebe Langford Morton and Abraham Morton.
My father was the son of Solomon Angell; was born in Providence, State of Rhode Island, October 15th, 1776. Mother was born March 28th, 1786, Udica, New York State. Father was named for Roger Williams who was burned at the stake for his religion. By this union five brothers and four sisters. They are as follows:
Mary Ann Angell was born June the 8th, 1808, Seneca, Ontario County, New York State. She was married to Brigham Young, who succeeded Joseph Smith, the President of the Mormon Church (born June 1st 1806).
Jamima Angell was born October 5th, Seneca, Ontario County, New York State. She was married to Valentine Young; six children.
Solomon Angell was born April 25th. He married Eunice Young; by that union eight children were born to them.
Truman Osburn Angell was born June 5th, 1814. He married Polley Johnson after coming to Utah; by this union eight children were born to them. He became leading architect of four temples: St. George, Logan, Manti, Salt Lake, and many other buildings.
Hyrum Angell was born in July and died in his 23rd year. He was not married; he was a good carpenter.
Washington Angell died in his 16th year, was born October 12th.
James Angell died in his 8th year, was born December 17th.
Abigil Angell was born June, 1825; died October.
Phebe Ann Angell was born October 13th; married Dyer Johnson.
The last six were all born in Providence, Rhode Island. I am the youngest. I married [George] David [Varner] Davis March 26th, 1843. By this union three children were born:
Mary Ann Angell, born January 11th, 1844; married Jorgen Anderson August 18th, 1860; he was born November 14th, 1836; they had five children by this union:
George Anderson, September 23rd, 1861, married Ann Hogan;
Caroline Frances was born in Richmond, Cache Valley, October 31st, 1863, died when three years old;
Mary was born December 11th 1865, married David Beach June 13th 1886
Phebe was born March 5th, 1868; married to Joseph Allen, December 9th, 1883;
Sarah Alice, January 10th 1870; married Charles Z. Harris April 14th, 1886.
Sarah Abigil died in her infancy.
George David Davis was born in Winter Quarters November 5th 1846, married Celestia Green December 3rd.
We began our journey. We got to Winter Quarters from Nauvoo and there my husband left me and children and mother on May 25th, 1846 to travel alone the rest of the journey to Utah. He thought he could live in the States just as well as here. David married there a woman out of the Church, and is there yet for all I know. He left me and my children and mother to perform the rest of the journey to Utah without much means. I never had or heard from him only by the by. I then journeyed with mother to the mountains in President Young's company, which consisted of two hundred wagons, divided by fifties and tens. Enduring many hardships, we landed safe in Salt Lake Valley, September 16th, 1848. When we got on Little Mountain, President Young showed me where he saw the Valley with his natural eye. We first moved the under-brush and I saw the valley for the first time. I thought it was beautiful and green, a home for the Saints.
SALT LAKE CITY:
When I was twenty seven years old, I was taken very sick. Many thought my time had come to go; I thought I would not. I asked for seven sisters to come and wash and anoint me with oil; this was done. I began to mend from that very hour and got well. The sisters said my feet were as cold as though I was dead. I have lived over fifty years since.
Joseph Holbrook, my husband, died November 14th, 1885, at ten o'clock p.m. at Bountiful, Davis County, Utah, aged 79 years, 9 months, 28 days.
I left with my parents, Providence, the place of my birth, when I was six years old. The next month after I left there we traveled by steam and canal boats to Buffalo; hence to China, now called Java, in New York State. There I, with the rest of my family, first heard the gospel. And all that was there joined the Church but me, I being only seven years of age. In February 1837 we moved to Kirtland, State of Ohio, the first gathering place of the Saints. There I became acquainted with Prophet Joseph and his father, mother, brothers, sisters, and his wife Emma. At this time, the mob spirit was raging and they caused untold misery and suffering to the Church and its members. They went to the prophet's house in the night, dragged him out of bed, and some distance from his house, laid him on a pile of lumber and beat him till his spirit left his body and stood overhead, witnessing the mob beat his body; now he could not feel it hurt. They took all the clothing off his body and covered his flesh with tar and feathers and tried to administer poison to him. They left him for dead; he regained consciousness and managed to get back to the house. By this time, a number of brothers and sisters had assembled at the home of the prophet, glad he had returned, but sorry to see the condition of his person. They spent the remainder of the night in cleaning off the tar and feathers and dressing the wounds. O dear, how dreadful!
When we got to Winter Quarters I was confined the fifth of November with my oldest son, in a wagon, and a very bad storm and wind for days, and no fire; one house in camp; went to get a bake kettle of coals to dress the baby by. Little fellow shook with the cold and I was very sick, nigh unto death. I sent to Brother Brigham to pray for me. I soon got better, and I am here yet.
The next spring, a few families in a small company, mostly men, started for Salt Lake Valley, Utah for for the West. This company, now pioneers, arrived safely in Salt Lake Valley July 24th, 1847. The same summer, President Young returned with all the brethren that did not take their families with them to Winter Quarters, and the next spring, after spending one summer and two winters in Winter Quarters, we began to prepare for our journey to the Rocky Mountains. The entire company which left Winter Quarters consisted of six hundred ox teams, one horse team, and two or three saddle horses. This company was divided into three companies, two hundred wagons in each. We traveled two rows abreast, three rods apart, on account of Indians.
The spring after we arrived at Kirtland, the Lord, through Joseph Smith, called for a company of men to go up to redeem Zion, Iacounty County, Missouri. They went. The mob had driven the Mormons from their home; they could not do anything. The Lord had accepted what they had done and they returned home to Kirtland. At Kirtland, the first Mormon temple was in progress at this time. The brethren were generally poor but gave freely for the temple for its erection when Mother Smith took her one horse and went around to gather means for glass and nails and also to gather all the broken earthen to put in the outside plaster. Soon after the temple was completed, an attempt was made to destroy it and destroy the printing office which stood close to the temple by setting fire, but the temple was not harmed much. Some of the outside plaster fell off. The temple was plastered on the outside and marked off like big square rock.
In 1835 we moved from Kirtland to Far West, Missouri. There I saw the cornerstone of a temple laid. On account of the trouble and driving by our enemies it never was erected.
On account of the surrounding circumstances, I was not baptized until January 1838 in Shoal Creek, Missouri, by President Brigham Young and confirmed by him.
I was very sick with chills and fever. I was immediately healed after being baptized and confirmed. I was thirteen years old in October before I taught school the next following summer. I had about 25 pupils. I learned them what was taught in common schools, the girls to knit and sew. This was in Missouri.
When I was 16, I taught school. I had thirty pupils under my tuition. This was in Nauvoo.
The Nauvoo temple was practically finished; many of the brethren and sisters received their endowments. This duration of peace did not last long and we had soon to prepare for a visit from the State and to look for safety elsewhere. In February 1846 we crossed the Mississippi River; the persecution of the mob became hard to bear.
In the following February, 1838, Brother Brigham and family, and many of the leading men, left Missouri for Quincy, Illinois, and by spring many of the Saints had followed them to Quincy. We, however, remained here but a short time when circumstances compelled us to journey as a people to a place which we named Nauvoo. Mother and I went out six miles form Quincy on a man's farm, by the name of Hyal Travers, and my brother Truman Angell. These people were not Mormons. We stayed a year from the next fall. They were very kind. We could, for our work, have a share of anything that grew on the farm. They treated us like we were their sisters; the young men of the place turned out and got our winter wood with teams and we gave them a good dinner; they would have no other pay because we had been driven away from our home.
In Nauvoo, here the people built a temple and many fine houses and laid out a fine city. Brother Joseph Smith built what was called the Mansion House, which was his home at his death. Mother and I built us a brick house. It was only one room, finished and comfortable. We built it by our own industry and lived there till the mob drove us away.
In Missouri a large body of soldiers, called mob, came and camped on Crooked River about a mile from Far West, with the determination of destroying the Mormons. The brethren went outside the town to defend the women and the children; then the mob advanced to the Mormons; a fierce battle was fought in which the mob was defeated. Three of the brethren were killed and an apostle, one of the twelve, the Mormon Captain David H. Patten, Brother Carter, Brother O'Banion; and some of the brethren were wounded, brother Joseph Holbrook ----- and many of the mob were killed and wounded. This was called Crooked River Battle. Then the mob reinforced and came and camped in Far West. They were very hostile to the Mormons, destroying their crops and property and burning many of their houses. This same fall the mob took Joseph and Hyrum and several of the brethren prisoners to Clay County jail, Missouri.
CAMP TO MISSOURI:
It proved to be a very arduous journey and many murmured. Brother Joseph told them to cease murmuring; if they did not, something worse would come upon them. The plague came, the colery [cholera] broke out in the camp; nearly all had a stage of it and some died. It caused a great deal of serious suffering. This was called the name of Zion's Camp.
Brother Joseph and Hyrum Smith got out of jail in Clay County, in April, and fled to Quincy; from there, they went to Nauvoo, the courts and officers of the law harassing Brother Joseph continuously. He had been arrested and after being dragged from one court to another, he was acquitted.
On one occasion Brother Joseph and Brother Hyrum swam the Mississippi River to escape the officers. This alarmed some of the brethren and they murmured, saying, "Joseph is trying to forsake us, and leave us to be killed," which was false. When Joseph heard of this, he returned to Nauvoo to stand by the Saints even if it cost him his life. His enemies soon captured him and carried him away to Carthage Jail to await trial. The Governor of the State promised protection to Joseph and Hyrum, and the five brethren with them, and he placed a guard of Carthage Grays to guard the jail. Their guns were loaded with false cartridges. About three hundred armed and disguised men approached the jail for the purpose of destroying the prophet Joseph and Hyrum Smith; the Carthage Grays fired their false cartridges in the air; the mob had full sway; the Prophet and his brother were shot in cold blood June 27th, 1844. Brother John Taylor was with them and would have been killed, but the ball entered his watch and thereby saved his life. The Governor must have understood the plot of the wicked massacre, for he went to Nauvoo to deliver a speech to the people, at the same time the brothers Joseph and Hyrum were killed in jail, on the piece of building where Joseph talked last to the Nauvoo Legion.
Monday morning, when they started to the jail, Joseph on a black horse and Hyrum on a white horse, my eyes followed up the road as far as I could see them. I felt it would be the last time I would see them in this life.
This was a great affliction and sorrow to the Latter-Day Saints. All the missionaries that were in the world were called home. Brigham and Heber arrived just in time to prevent Sidney Rigdon from calling a vote of the people for him, Sidney, to be put in leader of the Church. A voice was heard at the door like Joseph's "Hold On," and things changed, and at this meeting Brigham Young was chosen leader of the Church of Jesus Christ.
When in Missouri and brothers Joseph and Hyrum were in Clay County Jail, Mary Fielding Smith, Hyrum's wife, had a baby boy. Father Smith sent word to Hyrum: his wife had a boy, what shall it be named? He sent back word: when it was eight days old, have father come and name and bless him, and call him Joseph Fielding Smith. He is now President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Mother Angell washed and dressed him and laid him on his grandfather's arms for the occasion, and looked after mother till she was alright. The enemies were prowling around us at the time.
(I am living with my daughter Caroline F. A. Corbridge and son-in-law John Corbridge, Richmond. I am 78 years old next October.)
SALT LAKE VALLEY:
I was married to Joseph Holbrook December 31st, 1850. He was the son of Moses and Hannah Morton Holbrook. Joseph was born in Florence, Oneida County New York, January 16th, 1806. (Moses Holbrook was born May 15th, 1778, and was the son of John and Lucy Babbitt Holbrook.) From this union 9 children were born, 1 daughter and 8 sons:
Caroline Frances Angell Holbrook, born Salt Lake, October 21st 1851;
Joseph Hyrum Angell Holbrook, born Salt Lake City, February 8th, 1854;
Brigham Angell Holbrook, born Bountiful, February 10th, 1856;
Moses Angell Holbrook born Bountiful, January 16th, 185_;
James Angell Holbrook born Bountiful, April 3rd, 1860; died infancy;
John Angell Holbrook born December 9th; died in infancy;
Ephraim Angell Holbrook born April 8th, 1863; died 10 months old;
Enoch Angell Holbrook born Bountiful, July 12th, 1865; and
Heber Angell Holbrook born Bountiful, June 5th, 1867.
When I saw the valley, it appeared to be the Garden Spot of the earth, except the ground which the pioneers had raised crops on. Then to the west appeared the beautiful lake. One house caught my eye beside the fort, which the pioneers had built. This house was Lorenzo Young's, Brigham Young's brother. We then finished our journey into the valley and during the winter we had to live on rations because our provisions were very low and the pioneers had not raised much during the summer. For two or three years, the grasshoppers and crickets were very thick; they destroyed a good deal of the crops. About the third year, the seagulls came and destroyed many of the grasshoppers and crickets. They would fill their crops, throw up, and eat again; so on, all day for days. Then we had a few prosperous years, raised good crops and the Saints became comfortable and happy, most of them.
The Governor of United States, when we were traveling between Nauvoo and Winter Quarters, called for five hundred of our best men out of the camp to come and aid in the United States and Mexican War. They had families in rather distressed circumstances. The rest of the travelers had to look after them and do the best we could for all.
TRAVELS IN PART TO THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS:
Although we had many hardships and much care, we did not feel to murmur at all. We did not experience much trouble with the Indians; we kept a guard out every night to protect the camp and watch the stock; the wagons would corral in the form of a long O so as to make a fence so as to keep some of the stock inside during the night, as a mode to protect the camp. The guard called every hour the time of night or hour of night and changed guard at midnight. In this way, we traveled from Winter Quarters. We started April 19th, 1848, and arrived in Salt Lake Valley September 16th, 1848.
BOUNTIFUL, DAVIS COUNTY:
My mother died in Salt Lake City, November 14th, 1854, aged 69 years. I moved to Bountiful in 1853, where I have lived ever since. In the main, we have been prosperous and been blessed by the word of God, and always had enough to get along by using economy, and got along alright.
RICHMOND, UTAH (at the home of C. Z. Harris):
I have had many trials and many troubles. I have tried to overcome as best I could. Now to my children and great grandchildren and all my posterity who will read these words, I do not know how long I shall live, and I want to leave and bear my testimony to the truthfulness of this work. I know that the things here in writing are true, and that this is the church and kingdom of God, and I want to exhort my posterity to be true and faithful in Christ and to live their religion that they may be saved in the Celestial Kingdom of God, and I want not one of them to be lost. I have had hands laid on me many times, and been healed by the Holy Priesthood of God in Nauvoo, Winter Quarters, Salt Lake and Bountiful, I sign my name to this, that it may be read and thought upon by posterity.
(signed) Caroline Frances Angell Holbrook
[note: much of the spelling and grammar remain intact from Caroline's writing; some changes have been made for readability]
Caroline Frances Angell [Davis] Holbrook
a biography, written by Alice Anderson Harris, a granddaughter
In attempting to give a short sketch of pioneer life, the traveling, hardships and suffering as told by one of the pioneers herself, Mrs. Caroline F. A. Holbrook, I find it difficult to remember in detail the most interesting events, when it comes to properly placing them on paper, although I seem to know them well enough in a general way.
Mrs. Holbrook is my grandmother on my mother's side. Her maiden name was Angell and she was an own sister to Mary Ann Angell, Brigham Young's wife. As a result of this relationship, she was very close to the Young family, also was well acquainted with the Prophet Joseph and his brother Hyrum Smith, visiting and associating with them before their martyrdom.
She was __ years old at the time they were murdered and lived within a few blocks of the Carthage Jail at the time. For days the women of the Saints were anxiously watching the doings and reporting the intentions of the mob.
On the day of the murder, reports of the approaching mob were received. Taking her baby (my mother Mary Ann A. Anderson) in her arms, she went to the front gate from which place she could see the mob surrounding the jail and at times could see the barrels of the guns and the bayonets glistening in the sun. Under such a trying scene, we may think we can imagine the feelings of this young woman, but such is impossible to feel and know that their beloved brothers and leaders were being murdered, and to be powerless at such a trying time to render assistance.
She and her people were fairly well off, having a good home in Kirtland, Ohio. She, with her mother, aided in building the Kirtland Temple by boarding several of the workmen while the temple was in course of construction, With many of the others, it was a severe task and one of those trials which none but faithful saints could endure, for her to have her home and nearly every article of furniture so dear to every mother to the destruction of the mob. But the love of God and the desire to do His will prevailed against the human ties of peaceful and comfortable homes, so she deserted all for the gospel's sake and started west.
She was born 3 October 1825 in Worth Province, Rhode Island. She was the daughter of James William Angell and Phebe Morton Angell, who was the daughter of Abraham Morton and Phebe Langford Morton. Both of her parents were born New York State.
[excerpt from Caroline's autobiography, above, was inserted here]
Grandmother raised a large family and was a hard worker and a faithful Latter-Day Saint. She lived to a good old age and passed away 28 October 1908 at Bountiful, Utah at the age of 84 years. Thus ended the career of one of God's noble creatures, but the stories of the pioneer hardships she left with us and the example of true womanhood we hope will live forever.
Solomon Angell b 1881 history by Shauna Dalton Hart
Contributor: trishkovach Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
Date born: 21 April 1806
Place born: Florence, Oneida, New York
Date of Death: 20 Sep 1881 Age: 75
Place of Death: Leeds, Washington, Utah
Burial Place: Leeds, Washington, Utah
Marriage to: (direct line): YOUNG, Eunice Clark
Date of marriage: 13 Apr 1828 Age:21
Place of marriage: Gloucester, Providence, RI
Father: ANGELL, James William
Mother: MORTON, Phebe Ann
Child in lineage: ANGELL, Sarah Elizabeth
Solomon was one of our first progenitors to join The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and was a true Saint. He was a member of Zion’s Camp, knew the Prophet Joseph well and was a brother-in-law to Brigham Young. Called as a General Authority to the First Quorum of the Seventies in Kirtland, Ohio in 1835. He went through persecutions and trials of early Latter Day Saints, he and his family were driven out of Nauvoo and moved West to Salt Lake City; and then to the ‘Dixie Mission’. He practiced plural marriage, having four wives. He was faithful throughout his life.
Places lived: (Chronologized, earliest to latest, incl. age)
1806 – 1810 (Age 0-4) Florence,Oneida, New York
1810 – 1832 (Age 4-26) Providence, Providence, R.I. (m. E. Young in Gloucester, RI 1828) (dau. Sarah Elizabeth b. 1832)
1832 - 1834 (Age 26-28) Java (China), Wyoming, New York (son Alma T. born Jan 1833) (Baptized 1832 or 1834)
1834 – 1839 (Age 28-33) Kirtland, Geauga, Ohio (Kirtland, was in Zion’s Camp, bought land)(Called as General Authority, 1st Quorum of 70s, 1 Mar 1835)
Note: May have gone back to Java, NY to live for awhile – near Lima
1839 - ? (Age 33-?). Muskingum County, Ohio (Albert born 1839)
1840 (Age 34) Lived in Hanover, Licking Co, Ohio
1841 (Age 35-?) Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois
1842 (Age 36). Zanesville, Muskingum, Ohio (Mary born 1842)
1843 – 1846 (Age 36-40) Unknown – probably Nauvoo
1846 – 1848 (Age 40-42) Winter Quarters, Nebraska
1848 – 1865 (Age 42-59) Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah (1864 - 8th Ward, Great Salt Lake)
1865 – 1866 (Age 59-60) Long Valley (Pocketville), Washington, Utah
1866 – 1870 (Age 60-64) Tocqueville, Harrisburg, Rockville, Utah – helped settle So. Utah towns
1870 – 1881 (Age 64-75) Leeds, Washington, Utah (Eunice died 1879, 1881 Solomon died)
Schooling: His brother, Truman, states: “What education I had was gotten in winter schools, and very little at that.” It was probably the same for his older brother Solomon
A policeman for Salt Lake City – “Minuteman”
Millwright, carpenter, cabinet maker, blacksmith, dentist, made coffins, planted gardens & orchards, called a “jack of all trades”. Helped build Salt Lake Temple and St. George Temple
A General Authority – First Quorum of the 70’s. Early Pioneer, Skilled at most trades. Played “big brass horn”
Public/Political life:None noted
Additional marriage(s): (Who, place, date and age)
#2 Lucy Ann Fry – 6 Nov 1853 Salt Lake City, Sealed 3 Oct 1867 (died early aft. Marriage, on SLC census in 1860. Lucy Caroline probably her child)
# 3 Lucinda Clark Hutchings - Sealed 15 Jul 1857 later separated, she stayed in SLC
# 4 Anna Cajsa Johanson – 31 Oct 1863, Sealed 31 Oct 1863
Note: Some records state he was also married to Lucy Ann Decker – he wasn’t, she married Wlm Seeley and then Brigham Young. Some records state that Anna Johanson was his second wife!
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints information: (Date, place, by whom)
Baptism: 7 Jan 1832 (from temple endowment records) other records say 1834
Temple Endowment: 26 Feb 1851 – SLC (probably in Kirtland & Nauvoo also)
Sealing to parents: 24 Apr 1961
Sealing to spouse: 11 Sep 1852 – Salt Lake City, Utah
Church Callings:1st Quorum of 70s (actually first !) 28 Feb 1835, Kirtland, Ohio, 33rd Quorum of 70s in Salt Lake City, Presiding Elder, Leeds 1869
Patriarchal Blessing: Joseph Smith, Sr. gave blessing in Kirtland
Missions: Zion’s Camp, Dixie Mission
Sources used for this history:
“Solomon Angell and Eunice Clark Young”, history written by William Henry Angell. “Solomon Angell 1806-1881. LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, Andrew Jensen, Vol 4, pg 591, “Solomon Angell” Daughter of Utah Pioneers, submitted by Ivie J. Ensign, granddaughter, “Leeds”, historical events in bits and pieces by Wilma Cot Beal, Truman O. Angell autobiography, “Caroline Frances Angell Davis Holbrook 1825-1908”, autobiography by daughter of James William Angell. Obituary from the ‘Davis County Clipper’ newspaper; Kirtland city records from LDS records office, 1880, 1870 Census Leeds, Utah, 1860 Census Salt Lake City, Utah, 1820 Providence, RI Census. Kikipedia (New York) encyclopedia Heart Throbs, Vol IV, p. 410, Temple Endowment records, “An Enduring Legacy”, p 356
Note: In one of the histories above referred to, this statement is made regarding one of his wives: “Solomon took his two wives and families to [Ephraim], a distance of 150 miles. He left Anna there and took Lucy Decker his wife with him to SLC. Solomon had four wives at one time but he was divorced from Lucinda Hutchings”. This may have been where the information of Lucy Decker as a wife came from. Is it possible?
Brief History of Solomon ANGELL
There are several sources of information on Solomon Angell, with several variations on dates, children, etc. The following is the summary we best felt depicted his life.
Solomon was born to James William Angell and Phebe Ann Morton on 21 April 1806 in Florence, Oneida, New York. Thomas Angell was the first Angell immigrant to America - arriving in 1631. He and Roger Williams were on the same boat and were cousins. “Roger Williams was a clergyman of the Church of England and he disagreed violently with some of the Puritan beliefs, chiefly on the question of religious liberty. So insistent was he on the issue of the separation of church and state that the government banished him and Thomas Angell in 1635. They went to Rhode Island, where in 1636 they, with ten friends, founded the capital city of Providence.” (“An Enduring Legacy pg 356). Solomon came from a religious background.
Regarding the ‘Angell’ ancestry, one genealogist states, “I am one of those rare mortals who can prove lineage from the celestial realm”. The records indicate Thomas Angell’s line includes many kings and queens from Scotland, England, etc. Solomon Angell, his grandfather served in the Revolutionary War from RI.
Back to Solomon’s parents; James and Phebe had marital problems. To quote their son, Truman O. Angell, “Family difficulties occurred, which caused a separation of my parents [in 1815-6 – Solomon being 9-10 years old]… my mother having seven children to support, and nothing but her hands for her fortune, it can be seen that means of commencing an education were very limited; what I have received was gotten in winter schools, and very little at that.” (We assume Solomon had the same education).
Continuing Truman’s account of his childhood, “When I was about 9 years old [Solomon four years older would have been about thirteen in 1819], my father returned to his family.” Eight years later  Truman mentions living “in the neighborhood of my father’s residence” for a couple of years. It appears Phebe and James were separated again and again. In 1833 Truman took Phebe to live with him “to be near her kinfolk who resided at China (later Java), Genesee, New York”. In 1823 Phebe and James’ daughter Abigail died, in 1829 a son, James, died; and then two more sons passed away in 1830 - Hiram and Washington. Another daughter also died young – Phebe Ann. Only five out of ten children outlived their mother and father. They were, of course, Solomon’s siblings. Truman wrote, “Her [Phebe’s] trials were truly great; she almost sank under them; but my sympathies were with her.”
The children left home early in life to make their own way. It is not known when Solomon left Providence, but he married his first love, Eunice Clark Young, in nearby Gloucester, Rhode Island on 13 April 1828, a few days before turning twenty-two. Eunice was eighteen. Their first child, Sarah Elizabeth, was born 24 February 1832 in Providence, Rhode Island, followed one year later by Alma Truman who was born in Java (previously China), Genesse, New York. Six more children (that we are aware of) followed with the last three children dying after the exodus from Nauvoo, probably in Winter Quarters or on the plains.
Solomon’s mother, Phebe Ann, heard about the restored gospel of Jesus Christ from her daughter, Mary Ann Angell (who later married Brigham Young). On Sunday, 7 Jan 1832, James and Phebe Ann Morton Angell were baptized in Warsaw (or Avon), New York. Solomon and Eunice were baptized on that same date according to later Endowment House records. They were probably the first in our lineage to become members of The Church of Jesus Christ. Phebe’s daughter, Mary Ann, had been baptized a week before. All had read the Book of Mormon and believed it to be true. A week or so later, a meeting was held at Phebe’s home in China, New York, as well as one at Joseph Holbrook’s home (he was a nephew of Phebe and James). It is possible that Solomon and Eunice attended those meetings as they were living nearby.
Only a month later, on 24 February 1832, Eunice gave birth to their first child in Providence, Rhode Island. Their second was born in Java, Genesse, New York on 12 Jan 1833. April 1834 they and their two children joined with Joseph Holbrook to move to Kirtland, Ohio “the land of Zion” to live with the Mormons. An excerpt from an autobiography of Solomon’s youngest sister, Caroline, states, “I left with my parents, Providence, the place of my birth, when I was six years old. The next month after I left there we traveled by steam and canal boats to Buffalo; hence to China, now called Java, in New York State. There I, with the rest of my family, first heard the gospel, and all that was there joined the Church but me, I being only seven years of age. In February 1837 [Note: Solomon and his family were already in Kirtland] we moved to Kirtland, State of Ohio, the first gathering place of the Saints. There I became acquainted with Prophet Joseph and his father, mother, brothers, sisters, and his wife Emma.”
Shortly thereafter, in May 1834, Solomon joined the brethren that comprised Zion’s Camp. This group was led by the Prophet Joseph Smith to go to Missouri and help the Saints there who were suffering persecution at the hands of a mob. That purpose of the trip was not achieved, but many future leaders emerged as a result of their sacrifice, obedience and teachings from the Prophet. After the camp was disbanded, Solomon returned to the Kirtland area, where the following year in 1835, he was ordained a Seventy and called into the first 70’s Quorum organized, the First Quorum of the Seventy, a presiding quorum of the Church. Thus he entered the ranks of the General Authorities.
Solomon purchased land in Kirtland from Brigham Young where the family lived for a few years; his son John Osborn was born there in January 1837. The Church headquarters were in Kirtland, and the Prophet Joseph and other leaders lived there. During 1837 an economic crisis occurred which forced many banks, including the Mormons’ bank, to close and savers lost their money. Dissention within and without the Church occurred. The Church Presidency were forced to relocate to Far West, Missouri. The other Saints were driven out of Kirtland also. There were also severe problems in Missouri and persecution continued throughout 1837-38, until the Saints living there were driven out after an extermination order from the Governor.
It appears Solomon and Eunice chose to live in Muskingum County, Ohio for a few years as two of their children were born there (Albert - 1839 and Mary – 1842). There are no records showing the family lived in Missouri. Truman, his brother, and his mother did live in Far West. Phebe Ann Angell was a midwife and assisted in the birth of Joseph Fielding Smith, future President of the Church, a son of Hyrum and Mary Fielding Smith while living in Far West.
In 1839 the Latter-day Saints began to gather in Commerce (Nauvoo), Illinois. At first there was great sickness but eventually Nauvoo became the “City Beautiful” – as the name implies. There were thousands of Mormons living in or around Nauvoo, and more came daily as Europeans were converted and came to Zion. The Angells continued to live in Zanesville, Muskingum, Ohio until at least 1842 (Mary Angell was born there in November 1842). It is not certain when the family lived in Nauvoo, but family histories indicate Solomon helped build the Nauvoo Temple, so we assume they moved there about 1843-44. He was also in the Nauvoo Legion. It was in June of 1844 that the Prophet Joseph and his brother, Hyrum were killed in Carthage, Illinois. Family histories say that Solomon and Eunice saw the transfiguration of Brigham Young when he spoke to the Saints about the Twelve Apostles assuming leadership of the Church (as opposed to Sidney Rigdon).
Again, the Saints were driven from their homes in the midst of winter, crossing the Mississippi in freezing weather. We next hear of Solomon and his family in Winter Quarters. Sarah Elizabeth was married on 12 December 1847 to Jefferson Wright, she was fifteen years old. It was a bitter, hard winter, many died; perhaps even one or more of the youngest Angell children who died before 1850. Brigham Young asked Solomon, his brother-in-law, to watch over his [Brigham’s] wives when Brigham took the first wagon train across the plains in 1847. Solomon agreed to do so, thus delaying his own journey to the Salt Lake Valley for a year.
Solomon built his own wagon and they arrived in Salt Lake City in September 1848 in Brigham’s Second Company. Solomon was 43, Eunice 39, Alma, their oldest son, was 15; John 10; Albert 8; Mary 6. Sarah Elizabeth arrived with her new husband. The Angells lived in Salt Lake City until 1866. They built a home located on the corner of 3rd South and 3rd East in Salt Lake City. Some of the homes had one long room in which dances were held; the Angell home was one of those. He was also a ‘Minuteman’ and on the SLC police force.
Solomon and Francis Fletcher helped to open the first granite ledge in Cottonwood canyon where granite was cut to build the Salt Lake Temple. Solomon was in charge of cutting the stones according to the specifications given him by his brother, Truman Osborn, who was the Church Architect. Solomon was considered a master workman in the carpentry trade; he was able to read and work from blueprints, sketches and drawings and worked closely with his brother, Truman in the actual construction of the buildings that Truman did the architectural work for (which were many in the Salt Lake Valley). Later when the construction of the Salt Lake temple began, five years after his arrival in the Salt Lake Valley, Solomon worked on the temple. He actually hauled the temple's corner-stone from the quarry to its existing location! Because of Solomon's ability to plan, organize and direct work, for the next 15 years he was one of the foremost carpenters in charge of many different facets in the temple construction.
Solomon accepted and practiced plural marriage, as did most leaders in the Church. On 6 or 26 November 1853 he married Lucy Ann Fry in Salt Lake City, she died shortly after their marriage. Sometime later he married Lucinda Clark Hutchings (her second marriage after a divorce). They were sealed 15 Jul 1857 but later separated, she stayed in Salt Lake City when Solomon moved to Southern Utah. His last wife was Anna Cajsa Johanson whom he married 31 Oct 1863, and had sealed to him 31 Oct 1863. [Note: Some records state he was also married to Lucy Ann Decker – I don’t think this is so, she married William Seeley and then Brigham Young.]
In 1863 Solomon and his families were called to help colonize Southern Utah. Eunice and Anna and their children moved to Long Valley, Utah in 1865, where they lived in tents for quite some time. Indians drove them away and with great difficulty they finally found a sheltered, safe place to live and called it Pocketville (later Virgin City). Rains washed down over the mountains into their homes throughout the winter. The dampness caused Eunice to become very ill, and she was bedfast the last ten years of her life. She died on 8 February 1879 in Leeds.
The Angells also lived in Virgin where Solomon helped complete the gristmill. In addition, they helped settle Tocquerville, Harrisburg and Leeds. Solomon built houses of rocks. In Leeds he built a two-story home and made all the furniture for it. He was also the blacksmith in town and the dentist, and made coffins for the dead. He made his own children’s shoes, he planted gardens and orchards and brewed beer and made wine to sell. He had a big bass horn which he blew crossing the plains calling the Saints to meetings.
Solomon was called and set apart by Erastus Snow as Presiding Elder of Leeds Ward 9 May 1869. Indians would come into their home and beg for food, leaving lice which required hard work to comb them out of the children’s hair. Brigham Young said it was easier to feed the Indians than to fight them, and encouraged the Saints to befriend them. President Young often stayed with the Angells when he came to Dixie. The children went to school three months of the year.
Much of this information was taken from an account of a daughter of William Henry Angell, brother of George Edward Angell. In conclusion, she states, “Solomon was an old man [age 59!] when he was called to go to Dixie and had suffered much during his life for the want of the necessities and comforts of life, but he ever bore a strong testimony of the Gospel and lived it to the best of his knowledge. He died 20 April 1881 among his family and was buried in Leeds Cemetery.”
Anna, his fourth wife, was a counselor in Relief Society, a Primary President and a mid-wife. She had a daughter, Edith, who became a bedridden invalid from an illness. Anna died 18 May 1914.
Lucinda finished raising her three youngest children. Records indicate after (Saul) her youngest child married in 1885 she lived alone (in Spanish Fork?) until 1905.
Lucy Ann Fry died after 1860 (on Salt Lake 1860 Census). Lucy Caroline was probably her child.
Contributor: trishkovach Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
HIS ANCESTRY: The earliest known ancestor of Soloman Angell is Thomas Angell, who was born in England. He married Alice Ashton, and they had one son, John, born to them before she died. After the death of Alice, Thomas and John sailed for America on the ship "Lion". They shared this voyage with Roger Williams and knew of Roger's many experiences. Also on this voyage were: William Harris, ancestor of Martin Harris, John Smith, Francis Weeks, and Joshua Verin. It is also learned that the Angell and Williams families intermarried considerably.
John Angell married Ruth Field. They were parents of Hope Angell, whose wife was Lydia Olney. They were married in 1712. This couple was the parents of Abiah Angell, who married Freelove Smith. Their son was Soloman Angell, who married Mary Trip on August 17, 1767. Their son was James William Angell, born in Smithfield, Rhode Island (near Providence) on October 15, 1776, whose wife was Mary Ann Morton, born March 23, 1786. This James Angell fought in the American Revolutionary War and was a captain under George Washington at Valley Forge. His feet was frozen, making him a cripple. The son of James and Mary Ann Angell was Soloman Angell.
HIS HISTORY: Soloman Angell was born April 21, 1806 in Florence, Oneida County, New York. He was named after his grandfather, since he was born the day his grandfather died. Soloman's first wife was Eunice Clark Young, born November 9, 1811 in Providence, Rhode Island.
This couple heard the gospel preached in New York by Leonard C. Rich. They were baptized in 1834. Then they moved to Kirtland, Ohio to be with the Saints. Soloman helped build the Kirtland Temple, and there he received his blessings in the House of the Lord. The Saints were driven to Nauvoo where they built a beautiful city and another temple. Soloman assisted in the building of the Nauvoo Temple. This couple was with the Saints in all their trials and persecutions. Finally, they were driven from their home at the hands of a mob in the dead of winter. At that time, he was the father of eight children, three of whom had died. The three who died were George, William Henry, and Emma. The living five children were John Osbourn, Alma Truman, Sarah Elizabeth, Albert, and Mary.
When coming west, they remained at Winter Quarters until 1848. Then they crossed the plains by ox team. There was him, his wife, five children, and Soloman's mother (Mary Ann Morton Angell), who was a widow when joining the Church.
His mother drove her own ox team and had with her a daughter and three grandchildren. They all came in the company of Brigham Young and his wife, Mary Ann Angell Young, Soloman's sister.
After arriving in Salt Lake City, Soloman married Lucy (maiden name unknown) and had one child by her. The child was Lucy Decker Caroline. The mother died, and Soloman married Lucinda Hutchens. By her he had two children, Soloman and Ellen, and this marriage ended by divorce. Soloman then married Anna Cisia Johanson in 1863. By her he had four children. Soloman was the father of fifteen.
Soloman's education was such that could be obtained at that time. He was a carpenter, cabinet maker and a mill-right by trade. He could also do many other kinds of work such as masonry, shoe-making, gardening, etc. While living in Salt Lake City, his abilities were recognized, and he was put in charge of the quarries in Cottonwood Canyons, where stone for the Salt Lake Temple was cut. His brother, Truman Angell, was the architect for the Salt Lake Temple and also helped build the temple wall.
When their son, (Soloman and Ann Cisia's Charles Angell) was one year old in 1866, they were called by Brigham Young to Southern Utah to help settle that part of the state. So once more they traveled with the old ox team, Tom and Broad, over the rocks and sand. They walked a great deal of that 300 miles. They first tried to settle at Long Valley, in Kane County. The Indians caused them to leave and go to Pocketville on the Virgin River (now Virgin City) and live in a fort.
Soloman built a grist mill there which was used for many years. There at Pocketville, their daughter Phoebe Ann was born June 30, 1867. They moved to Toquerville for a short time. Then they moved to Leeds, Utah, where he built his home. Here Adelaide was born February 23, 1870, and LaVinnia was born November 30, 1872. Adelaide died in 1896 leaving three children. His first wife, Eunice, ("Auntie") died in 1877.
As Soloman could do all kinds of work, he made furniture such as tables, chairs, cupboards, chests, etc. The only stove Anna Cisia ever had was a small charter oak that was bought across the plains. Soloman was a very good gardener and raised his own vegetables. In earlier years, he made shoes for the family.
Until they were able to make soap, they dug the roots of the oose and used it for washing clothes. They used the ashes of the cottonwood to soften the water. They made their own tallow candles. Anna Cisia would skin and weave cloth to make clothes at night by the light of a tallow candle.
After the Silver Reef mining camp opened just over the hill from Leeds, money became plentiful and people could get the things they needed.
In Leeds, Soloman was called by Eraptus Snow to be the Presiding Elder from May 9, 1869 to 1876. He died peacefully a faithful Latter-Day Saint on September 20, 1881.
Autobiography of Truman O. Angell - brother to Solomon Angell
Contributor: trishkovach Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
Truman O. Angell, 1810-1887 Autobiography (1810-1856) in "His Journal"
Truman O. Angell, 1810-1887
Autobiography (1810-1856) in "His Journal,"
Our Pioneer Heritage 10 (1967):195-213.
I, Truman O. Angell, am the third son of James W. Angell, who was the son of Solomon Angell; all natives of the state of Rhode Island. My mother's name is Phebe, who was the daughter of Abraham Morton. I was born on the 5th day of June, 1810, in the town of North Providence, state of Rhode Island; and lived in the vicinity of my birthplace until I arrived at the age of twenty-one.
While yet but a stripling of 5 or 6 years, family difficulties occurred, which caused a separation of my parents; and thus having no father to restrain me, I pleased myself; and did many things I ought not. My mother having seven children to support, and nothing but her hands for her fortune, it can readily be seen that means of commencing an education were very limited; what I have received was gotten in winter schools, and very little at that.
When I was about 9 years old, my father returned to his family; but I was shortly after sent from home, and returned only at distant intervals. At the age of 17, I commenced learning the carpenter and joiner's trade under the instruction of a man in the neighborhood of my father's residence; and continued with him until I was 19. About this time I first felt an earnest desire to become a subject of Christianity, and for some months made an earnest supplication before the Lord; and from then on, my mischievous life and shortcomings were laid aside; and I have ever since tried to do what was right; feeling that God required it. I joined the Freewill-Baptist Church, and always retained a good standing while among them.
Sympathy for my mother's sufferings, in consequence of the conduct of my father toward her, caused me at the age of 21 to remove her to myself among her friends. Her trials were truly great; she almost sank under them; but my sympathies were with her. The following fall I journeyed, taking my mother with me to her kinfolks, brothers and sisters who resided at China, Genesee County, New York State, where I settled, and soon after I married Polly Johnson. The following January, being nearly 23 years old, I, with my mother and wife embraced the Gospel of Jesus Christ as taught by the Latter-day Saints, through instrumentality of Elders Aaron Lyons and Leonard Rich. And five weeks thereafter, I was ordained an Elder under the hands of Elder Lyons. The spring following I went on a mission in company with Elder Joseph Holbrook; we were absent about 9 weeks; traveled about five hundred miles, preaching daily; and went as far east as Rhode Island. In the month of July following, I, in company with my wife, moved to a place about 45 miles eastward called Lima; my mother preferred to stay behind. At this last place our first child was born, being a daughter; and but a short time after, the mournful intelligence burnt upon us of the persecutions against the brethren in the state of Missouri; and their extermination from Jackson County of that state.
My heart burned with anguish; I sent them a stand of arms; but my extremely low circumstances and the counsel of Elder Orson Pratt and others, who were made acquainted with my situation by Hyde Bishop (this without my knowledge), prevented me from joining the [Zion's] "Camp" and going up myself to the rescue of the brethren. After a residence of about a year and a half in Lima, I moved to Kirtland, Ohio, in the fall of 1835, arriving one Saturday about 4 or 5 o'clock p.m. The next day, Sunday, meeting assembled in the Temple on a loose floor which had been arranged for carpenters' benches etc., the house was partly filled, the people being seated on work benches and other things. President Joseph Smith, [Jr.,] during the meeting, arose to speak upon an order he had given to Oliver Cowdery to seek out a book for a Church Record; for such must be kept; this had been complied with, a good book had been selected and it pleased President Smith.
The book was not paid for, but was to be returned to Painesville if it did not suit; and the Prophet said he would be glad to have the Saints donate the amount, about $12.50, and make the purchase, and keep the book; it being of good paper and thoroughly well bound. A man arose near the middle of the house and said he wanted the leaves counted to see if it would not be better to buy the paper by the ream, the difference being that we might put it in a newspaper, or something of the kind. Brother Joseph spoke out and said the devil could not raise his head there, but he would know him. I note this to show the little means with which the Church was obliged to commence the history of a people destined to become great.
I immediately commenced working upon the House of the Lord, known as the Kirtland Temple, and continued until its dedication, previous to which I had received my first endowments, which were conducted in the upper chambers or attic, this part of the house having been finished and prepared for use. The roof was supported by four trusses, which left us five rooms. In these same rooms the power of God was made manifest to encourage us wonderfully.
After the endowment, I was ordained a member of the 2nd Quorum of Seventies and the following spring I commenced making arrangements to go on a mission. While I yet had a day or two more work, and while at work, Joseph Smith, Jr., the Prophet and Seer came to me and asked me to build a store. I answered that in consequence of being a seventy I was about to go out into the vineyard to preach. "Well," he said, "Go ahead," and I continued my work. The next day I looked up and saw the First Presidency of the Church together, distant about forty rods. I dropped my head and continued my work.
At this time a voice seemed to whisper to me, "It is your duty to build that house for President Smith," and while I was meditating, I looked up and Brother Joseph Smith, Jr., was close to me. He said, "It is your duty to build that house." I answered, "I know it." Accordingly I changed my determination and yielded obedience. The numerous and continued calls to do this and that job soon plunged me in business so deep that I asked Brother Joseph if it was my calling to work at home. He said, "I'll give you work enough for twenty men." I then began work on an extensive scale and laid my plans to go ahead. Among the multiplicity of buildings under my charge, I had the supervision of finishing the second, or middle wall of the temple, including the stands, etc.
After some months passed in this manner, persecution commenced against the Heads of the Church in consequence of the failure of the Bank of Kirtland. This institution would have been a financial success and a blessing to the Saints--which they needed very much--had the Gentiles who borrowed the money of the bank fulfilled their promises. Also [Warren Parrish] Parish, the clerk and cashier, robbed the bank of about $20,000. These things crippled the bank and caused it to suspend business soon after; and false brethren in consequence forced President Smith to Missouri, seemingly to save himself.
I settled with President Smith before he left, and upon settling with my creditors, not having carried in a bill sufficient to cover my expenses, found that I was in debt $300.00 over my avails. I had to take the benefit of the Bankrupt Law which leaves a portion of this amount standing against one at this day. I here desire to mention a few more items in connection with the [Kirtland] Temple. The work on the lower hall went on to the finishing of the stands and pews or slips, plastering and painting complete.
About this time Frederick G. Williams, one of President Smith's counselors, came into the temple when the following dialogue took place in my presence:
Carpenter Rolph said, "Doctor, what do you think of the House?" He answered, "It looks to me like the pattern precisely." He then related the following:
"Joseph received the word of the Lord for him to take his two counselors, [Frederick G.] Williams and [Sidney] Rigdon, and come before the Lord and He would show them the plan or model of the house to be built. We went upon our knees, called on the Lord, and the building [Kirtland Temple] appeared within viewing distance. I being the first to discover it. Then all of us viewed it together. After we had taken a good look at the exterior, the building seemed to come right over us, and the makeup of this hall seemed to coincide with what I there saw to a minutia."
Joseph was accordingly enabled to dictate to the mechanics and his counselors stood as witnesses, and this was strictly necessary in order to satisfy the spirit of unbelief in consequence of the weakness or childishness of the brethren of those days. The following are a few items which transpired about this time. One I will note:
Joseph came into the hall. The leading mechanic, John Carl, by profession a carriage builder, wanted to seat the house contrary to what Joseph had proposed. Joseph answered him that he had seen the inside of every building that had been built unto the Lord upon this earth and he hated to have to say so. Under such childlike feeling, they prepared to dedicate the lower hall. The hall was filled at an early hour in the afternoon, I being present among the rest. The dedicatory prayer was offered, Sidney Rigdon being mouth.
When about midway during the prayer, there was a glorious sensation passed through the house [Kirtland Temple]; and we, having our heads bowed in prayer, felt a sensation very elevating to the soul. At the close of the prayer, F. [Frederick] G. Williams being in the upper east stand- -Joseph being in the speaking stand next below--rose and testified that midway during the prayer an holy angel came and seated himself in the stand. When the afternoon meeting assembled, Joseph, feeling very much elated, arose the first thing and said the personage who had appeared in the morning was the Angel Peter come to accept the dedication.
To return to my narrative. I now determined to go to Missouri. So in the spring of 1837, I made shift to get a horse and wagon and started; my whole fortune being a 50-cent piece and our needful clothing. The very first day out the singletree broke, and I had to pay a part of the 50 cents to have it repaired. The landlord where I stopped challenged the genuineness of the piece of silver, and struck it with a hammer expecting to see it fly to pieces. After seeing that he ruined the coin, he refused to give me the change due. Also my horse proved balky; so with a rickety wagon, a balky horse, not a penny in my pocket, a family to feed and a thousand miles to go, times looked bad enough. Fortunately I was en route with Brother James Holman, who loaned me $5.00 which I paid to a man with whom I exchanged horses. This horse proved a good one, and by selling off some of our children's Sunday suits we were enabled to proceed about 200 miles.
I then stopped and worked three weeks and then went on again; and in this manner, after many severe trials and difficulties, we arrived in Missouri in the fall, having dodged the mob in sundry places in order to do so. I immediately exchanged my horse for ten acres of land but was destined not to enjoy it, for the spirit of mobocracy raging around all our settlements in this state. Three days after my arrival I was forced on the march and remained so until the exterminating proclamation by Governor Boggs was issued, which was to take effect in the spring following, when I was once more turned upon a coldhearted world, friendless and penniless, and in mid-winter, forced to fly for my life and no means of doing so, my land not being available. I retreated to Illinois, leaving my wife and children as I had no means of taking them with me. I succeeded in getting employment about 5 miles from Quincy, from Heil Travis, framing a barn, agreeing to receive my pay in provisions preparatory for my family when arriving.
At the close of March, after having been seven weeks without news from my family, word reached me at 9 o'clock at night that they had arrived on the opposite bank of the Mississippi River, at which my heart greatly rejoiced. I arose before light and started to meet them. I had eleven miles to go. After crossing the river and wading five miles in mud and water, through brush and timber, I found those I sought in a tent of blankets on the west side of the East Fabus River. Here a scene presented itself to my view that will long be remembered by me. There lay my poor sick wife, her bed upon the melting snow, very ill. My two little ones, the last one was born in Ohio, were by her side, their clothes almost burned off from standing by log campfires. No one to care for them, all the brethren and sisters having cares enough of their own, though they were kind beyond what could be expected.
The River Fabus having risen to the top of its banks and carried off the ferry boat, I was debarred for one week and until another could be built by the halting company which had here gathered, the privilege of taking my wife to a place of comfort. I learned that my wife had been extremely ill before starting, and yet she ventured on the journey. But taking cold upon cold, she was reduced so low that but little hopes were entertained of her living to see me again. Upon crossing the river six days after, I found a home at the saint, Heil Travis farm, who treated us with a parent's kindness and ministered to our wants.
My wife's health partially returned, but she has never been able to work much since. We lived at this farm for about two years and then moved to Nauvoo where I am at this writing, having been here over four years. My privations, the persecutions, sickness of my family and missions have tended to keep me low in purse, but my health is improving. I had steady employment upon the [Nauvoo] Temple, having been appointed superintendent of joiner work under Architect William Weeks, and God gave me wisdom to carry out the architect's designs which gained me the goodwill and esteem of the brethren.
Persecutions have been so frequent that I scarce think of it. But I will say that I suffered much- -in common with the rest of my brethren--during the persecutions in which the Prophet and Patriarch lost their lives.
The [Nauvoo] Temple was, at this writing, October 28, 1845, enclosed, and the inside work progressing very rapidly. The attic was finished up complete and made ready for endowments, while the lower rooms, basement and lower hall were going on. I received my endowments in the aforesaid attic, together with Polly, my wife, and afterward our sealing and second anointings, which far excelled any previous enjoyments of my life up to that time. At the time when the first encampment of the brethren--the Twelve and others--left Nauvoo, William Weeks, the architect, was taken away with them.
This left me to bring out the design and finishing of the lower hall which was fully in my charge from then on to its completion, and was dedicated by a few of us, Brother Orson Hyde taking charge, he having come back from the encampment of the Twelve for that purpose.
The Church is compelled in consequence of persecution throughout the entire state of Illinois being so heavy, its army arrayed against us, the determination being to destroy, to flee to the mountains according to the command of the Lord; this being our only chance of safety. I was chosen to go to the west in company with the pioneers, at which my heart greatly rejoiced. After the dedication of the [Nauvoo] Temple my exertions were made to gather up an outfit to leave for the west. The committee in charge was instructed to furnish me a rig, the best they could, which detained me until late in the summer; they not having the power to get it earlier. I was furnished two wagons which needed thorough repairing. After getting them ready, I put all my affairs into them and crossed the Mississippi River to the opposite bank, waiting at the camp for cattle and means to buy provisions. The cattle which were furnished me were young and unbroken.
I got some provisions and a rig and started for Winter Quarters. On my way I was taken with chills and fever, which was very severe. I got two Negroes to act as teamsters who took me through to the Missouri. The effects of this sickness lurked about me all winter, leaving me faint and feeble. This was the place of rendezvous for the Pioneers before starting for the Valley early in the spring following.
My hope and faith were in a future state. I was one of the Pioneers in coming to and making a home for the Saints in Utah in 1847, and returned to Winter Quarters. The following winter I made a fitout and took my family, in the spring, and started for our new home, arriving in Utah in the fall with an ox team, a distance of over 1000 miles, moving my sick wife on her back every rod of the way, having two children with us, having buried three in Winter Quarters. Soon after my arrival I was chosen architect for the Church--the former architect, William Weeks, having deserted and left for the east, thereby taking himself from the duties of the said office--which position I hold to this day. (1883)
Previous to my mission to Europe, Susan Eliza Savage and Mary Ann Johnson were sealed to me. I had been absent about 13 months when I was called home; my presence being needed upon the temple.
After I was called to be architect of the Church, the buildings of almost every description throughout the Territory and especially Salt Lake were placed in my charge. I will not mention all of them for they could not well be remembered. But I mention the Salt Lake Temple and the one at St. George. I was notified that they wanted a temple for St. George about the size of the Nauvoo Temple. Business crowding me so much, I had to take up the design at sundry times. While the authorities were at St. George, I accomplished the design, and not knowing that it would suit them, I did not follow it out in its specifications and details to my usual full arrangements. The plans were accepted and the building started. In consequence of the lack of my full specifications, I was obliged to visit that place several times at inclement seasons of the year during the erection, which wore upon my system so much that I never have fully recovered myself in strength and ambition.
While there upon one of my visits, I craved a blessing and received the following from Patriarch John Smith:
"Brother Truman, in the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, and by the authority of the Holy Priesthood, I place my hands upon thy head agreeably to thy request and seal upon thee a blessing for thy comfort and consolation. Thou art of Joseph out of the loins of Ephraim, and entitled to all the blessings promised to his posterity by his father, Jacob, because of thine integrity. Thy guardian Angel hath watched over thee and borne thee up in times of danger, and preserved thy life from enemies both seen and unseen, and will continue to do so all thy days. Thou shalt lack no good thing. Thy way shall be clear before thee to the accomplishment of all thy labours, for thy desire is for Israel.
Thy mind shall be bright; thy perceptive faculties clear to carry out thy labors for the dead and the living of thy kindred. All thy former gifts and blessings I renew upon thee, with all thou canst desire or imagine in righteousness. Fear not, for the Lord thy God loves thee, and will lift thee up to see thy Savior; and stand with the Hundred and Forty-four thousand; thy wives and children with thee.
Thy joy shall be full; thy habitation peace; thy granaries filled to overflowing; and power in the Priesthood to thy hearts content, for thou shalt surely overcome all thine enemies, and they shall come bending before thee for favors. For thou shalt be a mighty man in Israel and see thy children walk in thy footsteps serving the Lord with all their hearts.
These blessings with Eternal Life I seal upon thee in faithfulness, in the name of Jesus Christ, Amen."
The Manti and Logan temples I was called to take in charge, but in consequence of their being about 100 miles either way, they were taken off my hands; for they needed the care of the Architects and builders on the grounds, and were accordingly placed in charge of my two assistants, T. [Truman] O. Angell, Jr., taking the Logan Temple and William H. Folsom the one at Manti. The labor on the Salt Lake Temple needed me here to conduct it properly.
Before closing this writing I desire to mention an important incident in connection with the Kirtland Temple. After the building was dedicated, a few of us, some six or eight, having Patriarch Joseph Smith, Sr., in company, went morning and evening to pray, entering at the west end of the [Kirtland] Temple and going clear through to the east stand. This we enjoyed very much. The stand being enclosed by curtains or veils made it quite by itself and a good place to pray with none to molest. One evening, having been in the country, I was too late to enter with the brethren. The company would not emerge till quite dark. I had tried the door and knew they were at prayer. I felt out of place and went to my house, but soon came out and met Brother Brigham Young, inquiring for Oliver Cowdery. I said I had not seen him.
We walked out towards the [Kirtland] Temple, approaching the building on the side which was used for the Prophet Joseph and his counselors, a portion of the attic on the east being especially appropriated to their use. In the said attic, and right over the stand where the brethren were praying in the hall below were two windows in the gable end to help give light to his compartment or room, the windows being 12 or 14 feet apart, and unusually high from the floor; being nearly 4 feet to the bottom of the lower sash.
When about ten rods distant we looked up and saw two personages; before each window, leaving and approaching each other like guards would do. This continued until quite dark. As they were walking back and forth, one turned his face to me for an instant; but while they walked to and fro, only a side view was visible. I have no doubt that the house was guarded, as I have had no other way to account for it.
I insert this note thinking it may do someone good as it has me. With great fatigue, I have arrived at the present date, March 20, 1884. -- Truman Osborn Angell, Sr., T. J. Angell: Scribe
P.S. The panoramic statements as above given are not intended for Church history, for that is designed for the Church historian; and hence my brief account may be accounted for as herein set forth. But I might not be noted in that history, for their account is for Church purposes and not for me. But I was eyewitness to much as I passed on to date, 1884, and took my share, I think. Here let me conclude my ramble. I feel very feeble in health and about worn out, so farewell to all my true friends. May the Lord bless you in doing right. -- T. O. Angell.
Upon reflection, I observe an item in connection with the sealings of Susan Eliza and Mary Ann to me that should have been noted. These ceremonies were private but not over the altar, and were by President Brigham Young's own mouth. -- T. O. Angell, Sr. MISSION--1856
On or about the first of April 1856, I was asked by President Brigham Young, at his table in the presence of Jedediah M. Grant and many of the President's family, if it would be agreeable to my feelings to visit Europe, and in answer to his question I told him that the labors of my office were very fatiguing and crowded upon me farther than I could attend to them, and that I did desire temporary relief. Accordingly the subject was laid before the general conference which assembled on the sixth of the same month, and I was appointed by the unanimous vote of the conference to visit Europe. April 3rd I met with the President and his counsel and received the following blessing, under the hands of President Brigham Young and others, President Young being mouth:
"Brother Truman O. Angell: In the name of Jesus Christ, we lay our hands upon your head and dedicate you unto God and consecrate you and set you apart unto your mission, even to go to Europe, and such countries and places as the way may open for you to travel, and as far as you may have opportunities, open your mouth and bear witness to the things of God unto all people and the Lord will bless you and pour out His Holy Spirit upon you and you shall rejoice in your mission. You shall have power and means to go from place to place, from country to country and view the various specimens of architecture that you may desire to see, and you will wonder at the works of the ancients and marvel to see what they have done; and you will be quick to comprehend the architectural designs of men in various ages, and you will rejoice all the time, and take drafts of valuable work of architecture and be better qualified to continue your work and you will increase in knowledge upon the temple and other buildings and many will wonder at the knowledge you possess. And as far as you have opportunity, open your mouth among the Saints and bear testimony of the things of God, and also while in the counsel of your brethren be not afraid to open your mouth and testify of what you know and assist them in building up the Kingdom of God; and we bless you to go and return in peace and safety, and we seal upon you all the blessings conferred upon you here before and we seal all these blessings upon you in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen."
I remained about home in the city endeavoring to make my family as comfortable as I could, arranging the various plans and designs I had made of the [Salt Lake] Temple, and other buildings, and giving instructions concerning them to the various foremen, that they might be prepared to carry out the same, and gathering together such provision and raiment as I could, which seemed necessary for my journey. I then called my family together and blessed them, and left my peace with them. Everything seemed orderly, and on the 21st of April, I started for the mouth of Emigration Canyon, placing my traps in James Beck's wagon, who called at my house for me, bid my family farewell and traveled 4 or 5 miles to the place of rendezvous for the Brethren going on their missions for the States and Europe. I slept with Brother Beck in his wagon, and a cold time we had of it. My health had been poor for some time previous, owing to confinement in my office which had brought on a nervous weakness which I found hard to shake off.
22nd. Arose early, got breakfast, and then voted for the camp to come together to organize, for only a portion of the Brethren came on the preceding day, about 12. We most of us got together and President B. Young, who was on the ground, organized us, appointing A. [Abraham] O. Smoot, Captain; E. [Ezra] T. Benson, Chaplain; William Miller, Captain of the guard and James Ure, Clerk, after which Brother Young gave us a few words of counsel, exhorting us to live our religion and blessed us. Our members were 44 or 45, including Judge Kinney and family, and about 14 wagons, pack horses and mules. Brother J. Beck and myself placed our traps in Captain Smoot's and Eldredge's wagon, so there were 4 of us to this one wagon and as it was small, only 2 could sleep in it, so I and Brother Beck had to lay on the ground. . . .
May 3rd. It soon became cloudy. I made my bed on the sand amid sagebrush; soon after I had laid down, it commenced to rain. I covered up my head and went to sleep, or tried to. It soon turned to snowing and fell fast; the sun in the middle of the day had so warmed the earth that the snow melted, and the wet soon found its way to me; but it would not do to get up, so I laid and took it quietly till daylight. . . .
4th. We camped the best way we could; by this time the snow had fell [fallen] some 6 or 8 inches deep, and still falling as though it would never cease. We got our axes going and soon had fuel but the next thing was to start a fire, which we managed after awhile; but it remained a doubtful point how soon we would get warm and our things dry. At the same time, the animals had to have our bedding fastened on to them. We took a part of our flour and made some porridge and gave them to drink, and in this way kept them alive, and cheered up our own hearts. Night came on, and storm did not cease. We fixed the best we could for campfires, the willows making a better shield than nothing. Brother Beck had a piece of an old wagon cover; this we put up on the windward side of the fire and fastened it. We then cut willows and laid them down on the snow, placing such things on them as we could muster to make up a bed with, and then we spent a most glorious night long to be remembered. . . .
5th. I felt weak but had no time to notice it. All the Saints appeared to cheerfully do their duties; we remembered the Lord, as we had done all our journey, morning and evening, by assembling together and praying. We gathered up some willows for our fires and thus we felt resigned for the night.
6th. Arose this morning from an open bedroom, such as had no wagons to sleep in, and found one of the animals (Judge Kinney's) dead and the other one nearly so. . . . I stood guard till 12 and then took a nap the best way I could on that occasion, but oh, my weary body. . . .
8th. I have been robbed of a home, I have been afflicted in body; but never did I feel in a tighter place than this journey has placed me in. . . .
11th. Captain Smoot got me a place in a tent tonight. This made me comfortable, I must say, and may the Lord bless him for his fatherly care. . . .
12th. We, in a few days, came to the South Fork of the Platte, found it flowing from bank to bank; but some 6 or 8 of us pulled off our clothing, formed them in a pack by placing them in our shirts, placing our bundles on our backs, and started into the water ahead of our teams. . . Soon after leaving the Platte, we began to meet camps of Emigrants bound for California; some taking large herds of young cattle; some cows; others mules and some of the finest jackasses that I ever saw in my life. We passed many thousand head of stock. . . . We got to a place called Mormon Grove on Sunday 8th of June near noon. We found it almost deserted. I think there were 2 small poor families and they were put in jeopardy all the time. They were Welsh Saints. We learned how the claim stood. In the first place the government of the U. S. [United States] in declaring Kansas a Territory, permitted its settlers to make claim at random in any part of said Territory. This being the case as it was not surveyed, all can see the propriety of this right, for settlers to hold possession of their improvements, and at the same time have guaranteed to them the purchase of soil when surveyed, and in the market. Now we have before us the true position on which a few of the Latter-day Saints settled the farm called the Farm at Mormon Grove; a little to the one side of a fine grove of timber of say 80 or 100 acres of rather scattered trees, I saw a field enclosed by a sod fence embankment 4 feet high and [a] ditch 4 feet wide, nearly all round the field. I should think the field contained over 100 acres in it. This field had been mostly cultivated, there was a good double log house on it, in which the above families dwelt. . . .
9th of June. This morning Brother G. Beck and myself walked to Atchison. Here I bought a pair of pants, a vest, a shirt and put them on, for after crossing the plains one feels like shedding his coat. . . . We arrived at St. Louis on the 12th at 3 p.m. . . . Brother Orson Pratt let me have some money to pay my passage to England, and on the 17th I went to the railroad office in St. Louis and paid my fare to New York City. . . .
21st. I arrived in New York City early this morning. I took my traps to Lovejoy's Hotel and placed them in a private room which I had taken, and then I went and sought for the "Mormon Office." . . . It was soon rumored that I was in New York. N. H. Felt and others wanted me to tarry with them . . .
23rd. I left today for Rhode Island on a steamboat bound for Stonington.
24th. Took my trunk to a hotel nearby and then walked one-half mile up town, where I inquired after my relatives on my father's side.
25th. Rose early, took breakfast and was soon in town; at 11 stepped into a Rail Carriage for Boston; got there before I p.m.; found out the Packet Office, paid my fare to Liverpool. . . . About 5 p.m. stepped in cars for Providence; got there in season to walk to the place whence I started from in the morning to cousin W. W. A's. . . .
July 1st. I bid my relatives farewell. I found I could leave for Boston at 11 a.m. and as this hour arrived I stepped in a car and started for the steamship, East Boston some 42 miles. When I got there I found I should have to seek for lodgings and board in another quarter. I left my trunk at the ship's warehouse and went out into the more dense part of Boston which is approached from the Old Boston by steam ferries. I saw a policeman and inquired of him for a respectable boarding house. He kindly escorted me to one. The board and bed were good. The policeman was a blessing to me, or at least I felt so. I will here remark that as I left St. Louis and approached the Eastern States, the wicked men in charge of the stations and on the rail carriages were so ungentlemanly that they scarcely gave me a civil answer while en route for New York. They seemed as though they would as soon rob a man as eat, and as a general thing I thought I could see that peace was taken from them. All the way through the States their whole aim was to get rich no matter how they did it. This was the spirit of the times, thus you see the necessity of me trying to find a protector by calling on a policeman.
July 2nd. Arose in good season, walked out and took a good look at Boston and Charleston Shipping. . . . I went down to the steamship, got there between 8 and 9. . . . By 12 o'clock we went aboard ship; here I found O. [Orson] Pratt, E. [Ezra] T. Benson, P. [Phineas] H. Young and Brother Hatch and myself, making 5 in number. We were a happy company. I had not seen any of them since I left St. Louis. I could say it seemed like my Heavenly Father's "Boys" . . . .
13th. About 7 p.m. we made fast in the Mercy River opposite Liverpool and fired off 2 guns, the Custom House Officer came on board and searched our trunks and baggage. . . . About 11 o'clock five of us got in a cab and drove to 42 Islington. We knocked at the door and were soon welcomed by Brother Franklin D. Richards. . . .
14th. I arose and took some breakfast with Brother Richards and then went below into the office. Here came in Brother John Kay, the President of the Liverpool Conference. . . . 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th. I received a letter signed F. D. Richards, inviting me to visit Birmingham to attend a Conference of the Elders, Pastors and Presidents of England, Ireland, Scotland and Scandinavia, etc., which was to come off on Sunday the 20th. I showed the daguerreotypes I had with me and asked for counsel on them. I stated what I wanted to get done and was referred to Fred K. Piercy, he being at the office 42 Islington. Brothers Pratt and Richards spoke to him on the subject. He agreed to assist me by seeing such engravers as he was acquainted with. He promised to send me a note, so I left it in his hands urging him to be expeditious, and he promised he would.
19th. Saturday Pastor C. R. Dana, John Kay and myself left for Birmingham and started at 7:45 a.m. and arrived at 3 p.m., distance 91 miles; arrived in peace and was made welcome by the Saints. . . .
20th. We adjourned at one to breathe a little and get refreshments and came together at 2 p.m. when O. [Orson] Pratt laid several sub- jects before the Elders pertaining to his mission, etc. Among the rest my case was laid before the Brethren. He said I was to have a roving mission to visit many countries and places, and he further said that President Young wished someone to travel with me. He moved that John Kay be the Elder to attend me, which was carried. He then said he had orders to furnish me means, but he could not furnish means to my partner. Therefore he counseled the Pastors and Presidents to help my partner. Brother James Marsden was chosen to take the charge of the Liverpool Conference in place of John Kay. The business now was done, or nearly so; but as Brother Richards was pressed with business and soon to leave for Salt Lake, all the business of books and invoices of all properties were to be passed over into the hands of President O. [Orson] Pratt. Therefore Brother O. Pratt and Richards and 2 or 3 others left for Liverpool. It was then moved and carried that we continue our meeting tomorrow and so give all a chance to speak and enjoy themselves. We then adjourned till next day 10 a.m.
23rd. Came together pursuant to adjournment. The elders were called to speak as they felt and a good feeling seemed to prevail and pervade the mind of all present. I spoke among the rest and stated the interest I felt for the cause of Zion, how glad I was and how I rejoiced that I was numbered amongst the children of the Most High. I further stated how my business had tended to wear me down in body and that by casting all off for a season, I was in shape to get recruited and return invigorated and refreshed. There was a donation taken up to get Brothers J. M. Grant, E. T. Benson and, I think, G. Young gold watches. I think some 54 or 55 were donated. They appointed a committee consisting of John Kay, William Miner and J. D. Rop to make the purchase. We then adjourned.
24th. After breakfast, stepped across the street and booked for Liverpool, 91 miles by way of Birken.
25th and 26th. Walking around Liverpool and looking at their best buildings.
28th, 29th. At 6 p.m. I received a note from F. Piercy stating that he had sought after the engraver who he expected to engrave the Temple Plate for me and he could not be found. He further proposed to engrave the said Temple Plate for 40 and make a good job of it.
31st. I concluded to give Piercy the job and sent him a note to that effect. I kept my room and nursed myself, took some composition tea. I felt fatigued but my spirit rejoiced.
August 4th. I called at 42 Islington; I found a note addressed to me from F. Piercy stating he wanted to see me at 28 Judd Place, New Road, London. I received the above about 12 and at quarter past 1 p.m. I had been to Rupert Street and got my carpet sack and change of clothing, and returned to Lime Street Station, booked for London and got on board the cars. . . .
5th. Went to 28 Judd Place where I met F. Piercy at noon. We talked the matter over about many parts of the temple. I gave him all the instruction he asked for.
7th. . . . I walked out and viewed 2 churches and took a peep at a gas works where they make over 2 million feet per year. . . .
11th. After breakfast, I walked to Gervin Street with Brother Kelsey. We went from there to Brother Grimsdale's, No. 8 New Inn Broadway and took dinner, after which he invited us up in his chamber or turning shop. He showed us his lathes--he is a fancy turner. We left here and visited the London Monument. We ascended it and looked at the Metropolis as far as our eyes would extend and time would permit and purchased a pamphlet which I can read for further particulars concerning this building. . . .
12th. Arose about 7 a.m. and took breakfast and waited for Brother Kelsey till 11 (he last evening went to his family. He is President over the Branches of the Church this side of the Thames under Brother W. Budge.) He is my pilot. He took me to dine with Brother Mitchell at No. 10 Millers Lane, Oswell. After taking dinner and chatting awhile about the affairs of Zion, we left for the Thames. Here we stepped aboard a small steamer and made for London Bridge and there changed steamers and started for Woolwich, arrived at 4:30 p.m. The scenery was pleasant. We noticed some of the most striking buildings as we passed: The Bishop of Canterbury's residence on our right, on our left Westminster Abbey and New Houses of Parliament, St. Paul's Cathedral, the Wellington Monument and many towers, among the rest The Tower of London, the steamship now being built at the Isle of Dogs, Greenwich Colleges and Observatory. On our right fine bridges, shipping and other things too numerous to mention.
13th. We saw to our right something of a striking nature called the "Rotunda." We went to it and viewed the remains of armories, old guns, forts in miniature and miniature cannon, etc. The most of these seemed to be models of an early date, and further here were many different kinds of implements that had been taken by conquest in different engagements. And inside of the Rotunda were many old guns that had been used of a very extensive length, etc. These I looked at till I was tired. We were piloted by Brother Piercy.
16th. After breakfast, Brother Kelsey and myself visited the new Houses of Parliament. A Sister Brown got the tickets for us. I shall not make any lengthy notes of them, but I must say that it was burdened with ornaments till it became sickening. I had to think the object of decorating so much was to excel rather than to display anything like a reasonable taste. I purchased a book that gives a full description of the affair. . . .
18th. Arose and after breakfast visited Brother Ferguson, who took me to see Brother Alfred Ward, 21 Vineyard Gardens, Bowling Green Lane, Cleckenwell. He has invented a plan to describe an elliptic arch. I must say it was the only article of the kind I have heard of or seen that I could make use of on paper drawing to an advantage. . . .
20th. . . . We went to London Bridge, 2 miles further. Went on, heard a steamer for suspension bridge, landed at the sight pier which stood out in the Thames; walked to the National Gallery with which I was not impressed; after having a good look at the paintings and the building we went to Astleys Amphitheater, saw Richard III performed.
21st. Arose and got something to eat and then went to visit the Tower of London. . . . I bought a pamphlet that gives a full description of it.
22nd. Arose, got breakfast and walked to London Bridge, about 2 miles and paid my fare to the Crystal Palace and back. I stayed there some 7 or 8 hours. The affair is grand, I will not attempt to pretend to describe it, but sum it up by saying it is intended to exhibit the genius of England as well as to exhibit many foreign articles from other nations. And it is a grand affair.
25th, 26th and 27th. Brother John Kay and myself visited many places during these past days. We went through St. Paul's Cathedral from bottom to the top. I purchased a guide for the particulars of said building, read that; the most I could say of it was that it was a national show, and when the people want to make a show with their money, such buildings may be built, that can be easily matched. We were at some of the best theatres in London. There is but little difference as a general thing in the formation of the buildings. . . .
28th. This morning we visited the Crystal Palace but shall say nothing more about it at present. If I can manage to spend some 2 weeks, I think I could find things yet worthy of mention; whether I shall or not I cannot say. . . .
29th. Rose early, 5 a.m. Went to the station and booked for Liverpool. . . .
Sept. 20th. Went to 42 Islington in the forenoon and arranged some of the papers relative to the Temple. . . .
21st. Sunday. The day has now come for me to get inside of a refinery, through the courtesy of Brother Tilley, he having arranged through the foreman and engineer of the works. The building is some 4 stories high besides the basement. All the beams, joists and floor were iron. There were steam pipes from the boilers through all the rooms to heat them for the purpose of hastening the drying, etc. The sugar is not made here from the raw material but is refined and cleansed. . . . I came to 20 Rupert Street and wrote a note to Brother John Scott at Belfast, Ireland, asking him to inquire if there was a sugar factory in that land or not where they use the beet root, etc. and if he could hear of one to send me word.
22nd,23rd. . . . In the forepart of this day I prepared a few lines for the Belfast Morning News, as they hold open the columns of that paper for any questions being asked. My inquiries were with the editor of that paper to furnish me with the success that the Irish People had obtained in manufacturing sugar from the beet, etc. Where those factories were, etc. I signed T.O.A. The editor put in his paper my request and as he could not answer me, he called on his patrons to furnish him if they could with an answer, and in a few days one came out saying there was at Mount Mellick a factory.
24th. Received a note from Brother Scott, stating there had been 3 factories in operation in that land and he was under the impression that I would learn the things I wanted to know, so I arranged to sail on the evening of the 29th.
29th. Spent the forepart of the day in getting ready for my visit to Ireland, and at 5 p.m. went to the dock and stepped on board the steamboat for Belfast. . . .
October 11th. Brother Scott took me to the Dublin Museum of Irish arts of industry, etc. This may be said to be interesting, for by going through this building as we did our eyes could have a glance at nearly all the accomplishments of Ireland. I cannot think of trying to give an invoice of the affair. They have in this house a lecture room and I understood at many set times they have lectures on various subjects delivered by the learned, and the whole is managed by a president. The portion I shall notice in my journal will be sugar from the beet root, for here I saw it in all the stages, from the pulp to the refined sugar. . . .
13th. Went with Brother Scott to Phoenix Park and Zoological Gardens, the Lord Lieutenant's private residence. The Duke of Wellington's Monument. The Sarah Bridge (a span of say 100 feet) of which there was only one arch (it was stone). All these scenes were pleasing for a stranger to gaze on, but not worthy of my making any remarks on. The architecture of these places was not very remarkable. . . .
14th. After breakfast I and Brother Scott walked to the museum and found that Sir Robert Kane had been in, but had stepped out. We were invited to step in and look at the museum and the servant would call us when he came in. In one-half hour they called us. I told Brother Scott to be mouth. I told him the head of what I wanted to find out as he was loose on the tongue, and he can talk to a stranger. All being done we walked down and the servant took us into his office. He said to us, "What do you want to see me about?" On which Brother Scott answered, "We have been told that you have written a large work on Irish Improvements, among which you have treated on the beet root sugar, and further stated, "As we found specimens in that museum of the sugar, we concluded to approach you." Sir Robert, feeling flattered, told us all he could and referred us to Mount Mellick some 50 miles in the country. He gave us the name of one of his acquaintances, once a clerk of the affair, now in Dublin. He also handed us a report he had made out for the English Parliament by their request--a printed pamphlet. We thanked him and withdrew . . .
Oct. 17th. Received a note from Fred K. Piercy, calling for 15 on the Temple Engravings. It was addressed to 42 Islington and had been remailed to me to Belfast and from there to Dublin. I wrote a note to F. Piercy how the matter stood, telling him I would be in Liverpool in a few days. I sent a note 2 or 3 days ago stating that I had got out of means and must have some 5 to clear me and bring me to Liverpool. This morning I received 5 from there. I stirred around and got it changed. I had a pull for it. I then paid my bills and fixed to leave. Today travelled 5 miles. . . .
20th. Liverpool. Commenced this morning a letter to Brother B. [Brigham] Young upon the subject of the beet root sugar factory. After dinner I walked down to 42 Islington and prepared a note for Fred Piercy. In it I enclosed 15 requiring him to send me a receipt by return of post, then returned to Rupert Street. . . .
28th. Getting Brother Marsden to copy my letter to Brother Brigham, he being expert with his pen. The letter reads as follows:
20 Rupert Street, Liverpool, Oct. 28, 1856 President B. Young
This morning I set down for the purpose of addressing you upon the subject of the Beet Root and Sugar Factory. Although this subject does not command the confidence of many in our Mountain home, yet, I am happy to say, I have great confidence in the ultimate success of our sugar factory. Notwithstanding that some difficulties may have to be overcome, I support a man should be called on to make a boot who had never learned the trade of bootmaking, what could be expected from his first attempt? If he possessed considerable ingenuity he might select and cut up a piece of good leather but certainly would not make a very fine boot; by perseverance, however, he might ultimately become a good workman in which case many persons would rejoice in his perseverance. This may suffice for a text. Since I came to England my mind continues to be drawn out for the prosperity of Zion in the West. But to get a thorough knowledge of a thing so difficult as making sugar from the Beet Root, requires much time, patience and perseverance. The knowledge of this precept is confined to a few individuals and they are by no means anxious to communicate this information to others. To enter France in search of this information seemed to me a dark prospect, but having learned that the manufacture of sugar from the Beet Root had been tried in Ireland, I determined on visiting that place. Accordingly, on the 29th September, I took steamer for Belfast where I was met by Brother John Scott, who showed me great kindness. After counselling with him in private, he being an Irishman, I appointed him my spokesman. After casting about some 2 weeks, we determined on visiting Mount Mellick, a country place some 45 miles from Dublin where there is a Sugar Factory. We took up our quarters at the best Hotel in the town. We then obtained an introduction to the master of the Factory. We told him we were strangers from America and that we were referred to him by several influential persons in Dublin. He received us very kindly and seemed to think us men of some consequence. He promptly volunteered to render us all the assistance in his power. He showed us some specimens of sugar made from the Beet, which could not be surpassed in any country by sugar made from the cane. He then sent for the engineer, a man from Belgium, who spoke bad English. This man conducted us through the factory. This not being the working season, the machinery was standing still and this caused them to allow us to have a full view of the whole affair. I was disappointed in finding this building a very awkward, unwieldy object. The cistern of the factory is similar to ours in the Valley. Owing to our having a wrong view of defacation [defecation], we allowed the steam to condense in the Beet juice. This was not the proper way. I find the defacation [defecation] here was done in pans quite similar to those we have except that instead of the pans having double bottoms they have a coil of pipe placed in the bottom to admit the steam, and this pipe not being perforated prevents the steam from being condensed in the beet juice. In consequence of condensing the steam in the juice we had several barrels of water to boil out of it. They have six defacating [defecating] pans that will hold 250 gallons each but I think if those 2 double bottom pans, termed by us heaters, were placed where these defacating [defecating] tubs now stand the result would be good, for the same pipe from the boilers is arranged nearly right to suit those pans. I would say had I been the purchaser of the machinery etc., I could have suited myself much better than with such as we have got, but we must make the best of it now. That small pump that carried up the beet juice would have been better had it been like our large force pump. The filtering should be carried out as calculated in the plan in the valley. In Mount Mellick they use strong sheet iron about 1/8 inch riveted well together and painted white inside, and red outside. This prevents rust from getting into the juice syrup, etc., in any place. When we want vats, etc., sheet iron will do. Those set kettles may be made to do as they are by careful treatment, if however they had been arranged with coils of pipe in them to have admitted steam for the evaporating it would have been more economical as it would have saved fires and been less liable to scorch. At Mount Mellick they have Fire Pans similar to our jet kettles. They stand out on one side and steam can be turned into each coil at pleasure. They have a projection on one side like the nose of a pitcher. All the rest of the pans are covered. A funnel is fixed on the top of each in a reversed form which takes off the steam through the nose of the funnel which continues up through the roof. The nose that is spoken of is for the purpose of watching the boiling and to admit a little butter or grease to keep down the boiling, etc. At the bottom of each pan there is a draw-off cork to empty them. The syrup of these pans is only boiled to 25 "A boni". After this it is filtered for the last time. Then it goes into the Vacuum Pan and is evaporated to grained sugar. It is let out of the pan through a sheet iron pipe or conductor into a vat about 4 feet wide 6 1/2 feet long by 2 deep. The Vacuum Pan was about like ours but the Air Pump was not, but was driven by a belt as follows: A small engine about 3 1/2 or 4 horse power with a balance wheel about 7 feet in diameter of good weight. Its pulley was fixed to this balance wheel about 7 feet diameter or nearly as large as the fly wheel. From this pulley a belt some 8 inches wide on to a pulley placed on an iron shaft 4 feet in diameter which was suspended over the Air Pump. A crank was placed on the above iron shaft which works a pitman running to the air pump which stood vertically. The Air Pump made about 40 strokes per minute. When I was called to arrange the machinery I had to be bound and tied by such as had been purchased and from that I had to make out my plan. I am certain that the pulley was hunted up and placed on the shaft of the Air Pump which was purchased for it. This pulley being too small was the foundation of the working of the whole affair. I am certain that when the vacuum pan is arranged properly nothing but skill in managing it will be required in order to do a good work. I am certain that my plan of bringing forward cold water for the injection was too limited; for I find it will require a fountain of water to supply it. Again that air pump may be removed out of the chest it is placed in. The abundance of cold water that enters the injection cock would keep the pump quite cool enough. This is evident from two cases I have seen in this country. If there was a fountain of water let in from the tail race into the basement, that injection pipe could wash to it and would draw up its own water, for this air pump has power to accomplish this. But this I leave you to draw your own conclusions upon. I find in attempting to write upon a subject that has baffled the skill and drained the purses of so many persons, that it is hard to make myself clear on the subject but still I feel certain that with perhaps care and keeping our hearts up we can make it go.
I will not at this time offer any remarks upon the plan of charring and reburning animal charcoal nor upon the chemistry of sugar making in general for this has so many things connected with it that are to be considered. I obtained, while in Ireland, a report made to the English Government by their special request of an analysis of the beetroot in various stages of its growth showing when it possesses the greatest amount of saccharin matter. This being published in pamphlet form, I trust it will be of much use to our young and growing territory. I shall try and obtain a second copy and forward it to you by mail that it may be at your disposal. I will also bring a copy with me in case the mail should fail to bring it safe, knowing that documents sent to the valley per mail have, heretofore, in some instances miscarried. This pamphlet will show to those interested, the chemical properties of the beet root.
In concluding the foregoing remarks I would say may the Lord bless all our endeavors to build up the Kingdom in the name of Jesus Christ, Amen.
I subscribe myself,
Yours in the Gospel,
Truman O. Angell
29th. I got all my things in readiness and after dinner Brother J. Kay and I stepped down to Lynne Street Station in time to get on the cars for Manchester.
31st. Brother W. Chaft was sent to me by Brother William Oliver to conduct me to go through the new building of the Mechanics Institute. We got there about 10 and left about 5 p.m. It was a well-arranged affair and must be acknowledged as a useful arrangement and a blessing in point of showing to strangers the mechanisms of the country. For a man to enter into the affair and make himself familiar would be the work of years and, therefore, I shall not try to say much about it. . . .
November 3rd. . . . We entered what is called a Free Library, a fine building of two stories, both of which are used for books and tables. The books were next [to] the walls and the tables through the center of the rooms and seats to them so as to allow such as perused the book to have a convenient seat. The building or rooms were nearly similar to one of our chambers in the Plan of the State House, Utah Territory. We walked through the town and looked through the buildings till about 2 p.m. . . .
4th. After breakfast walked to 41 N. C. Street and Brother Oliver got a Brother Botton to pilot me to some places in the town. We went and viewed the Old Church. After looking at the outside and the hobgoblins, etc., we then went inside and took a look. It was a dark, gloomy scene, but there has been an immense deal of labor bestowed on it. . . .
10th. Brother John Kay and I walked out to see the Crystal Palace now being built which is about 1 mile from where we board; we could not go within the yard. We were about 20 rods from it at the nearest; it looked very well in the distance. They were pulling down parts of the works which were overburdened with weight. After looking at it we returned. I wrote a note to 35 Gervin Street to William Budge, telling him we would be in London in a few days.
13th. . . . Brother Budge is President over the London Mission and G. D. Rap, Pastor. They were both there when I arrived and they arranged for me to make my home at George Smith's. . . .
15th. Arose this morning feeling ill, having taken several colds, one on the other; but I ventured out and I saw Fred Piercy. I got to his house about 11 a.m. He had the Plate of the Temple completed. I accepted it and went over and saw the printer and got his price to print per 100. Then went to 35 Gervin Street and wrote a note to Liverpool, stating I had accepted the Plate of the Temple and asked them to send me 26. . . .
18th. Brother John Kay and I started and went to Gervin Street. Here were 2 letters for me, the principal one from Brother Pratt with a draft on Brother Budge for 26. He paid me the money and I went and paid Fred Piercy. Brothers Rap and Budge took Brother John and me to the American Ambassador. He got our passports and Brother Kay and I started to the French Consul and had them accepted. . . .
19th. . . . Went to London Bridge and booked for Paris and at 10 left London and arriving at Newhaven stepped on board the steamer for Dieppe and arrived at 6 p.m. . . .
20th. . . . We find ourselves in a land where our native tongues are not worth much to help us in, only through an interpreter.
21st. Walked through the streets and viewed the city. The streets were mostly narrow but quite clean, the most popular streets containing fanciful buildings. We visited the much-viewed institution. It was a beautiful and well arranged affair. Here was to be seen a display of every kind of article seemingly that is made in the Kingdom of any note. We took a look at the exchange and Royal Palace. It was full of stores of the richest kind. . . .
23rd. Attended meeting with the French Saints. Spoke to them and had my discourse interpreted. . . .
24th. Arose early and visited many important places in the town, or city of Paris; such as, monuments, the tomb of Bonaparte and the residence of the present Emperor Napoleon.
25th. After breakfast went to the railway station about 3 miles. Got there a little before 12, took tickets and started for Havre and got there about 6:45 p.m., distance 171 miles. We were cold and hungry, took a cab and drove to 27 Rue Caroline, a distance of 1 1/2 miles; took supper and then walked 1/2 mile to an English hotel for lodgings. Had a good bed but rested poorly owing to the exposure and getting chilled. In this country they do not have many fires for the comfort of strangers, or at least, not in such houses as we have visited. The Saints in Zion should be thankful to the Lord, for the poor in Salt Lake are a thousand times more comfortable than they are in this town. My heart sickens at the horrors seen in this hemisphere.
26th. After breakfast took a look at the town. Our lodgings were near the docks and a part of the harbour and shipping lay exposed to our view. We were out about 2 hours and then went to dinner, at the house of an Englishman named May (who) had given us an invitation. He had been in the Church. He believes the gospel. He had been cut off for adultery; he seems to be naturally a good man. After dinner he walked out with us and showed us some of the old fort, We then attended the meeting of the Saints. Here I spoke a few words to them and had it interpreted. At 9 1/2 took supper and returned to our hotel. This place is said to contain 90,000 people.
27th. Arose and went to 27 Rue Caroline, took breakfast and then walked about the town, dined at a sister's house and continued my rambles till dusk when I went to the theatre. A play in the French style. It was a beautiful theatre consisting of 4 galleries. Went to supper at 10 1/2 p.m. and then returned to my lodgings and to bed by 1/2 past 11, but did not sleep.
28th. Arose early and took the steamer for Caen, 36 miles, and then took the train for St. Low and arrived there about 10 p.m., distance 45 miles or 15 leagues. Here we stopped for the night.
29th. Arose and took 1/2 an hour walk in the fair or market. Saw the various manufactured articles made in the different parts of the country and saw the women here come forward and attend on the men. There were about as many of one as the other, and they certainly were a rude-looking set. The women seem to have to labour as hard as the men, and that too in the field. The common houses are poor and they are begging from the strangers, etc. At 2 p.m. we took train for Granville, a distance of 15 leagues or 45 miles. Arrived at about 11 p.m. and put up at a hotel for the night.
30th. Arose early this morning and took a bite of breakfast and at 8 a.m, went on board the steamer Comet for Jersey, a distance of 56 miles.
Dec. 1st, 1856. Arose this morning, suffering from a heavy cold, but kept about during the day. In the afternoon took a cab to the Oxgud Castle, a place commenced in the year 1120 (so they say) but it is a miserably poor place. . . .
4th. Arose, took breakfast, related to them some of the incidents of our journey and comforted the Saints. Administered to a mother and daughter who were afflicted. Soon had our carpet bags in hand, walked 1 1/2 miles to the station, and at 1/2 past 11 started for Waterloo Bridge, London, distance 80 miles. We passed Queen Victoria about 12 a.m. Arrived at Waterloo at 1/2 past 2 p.m. Took a cab to Gerven Street. . . . In the evening went to the Eagle Theatre, is 1 or 1 1/2 miles from Gervin Street (hearing that Brother Demlin took quite a shine to it, I observed it much). The building as it appeared to me, to judge without measuring, I should suppose the house an oblong is square 110 or 120 feet long, 45 feet wide. Outside the pit seats gradually raised one above another and cushioned and partition between each seat, 18 inches was allowed to each. There was one gallery only. The stage front was convex, the orchestra sat around it, their heads not coming as high as the stage. The building was lighted by gas. I do not feel to follow the house any further in my journal. After seeing some good plays, I and Brother K. returned to our lodgings.
5th. Arose, took breakfast, walked to Gervin Street, wrote a few lines to my family. Feeling so much fatigued by the constant exposure on me in travelling, I made a kind of wholesale letter to all. If I had omitted to write today it would have made my letter a month later in getting to the valley. Went to Limehouse, 4 miles, expect to stop here of a night while I remain in London.
6th. Arose early feeling refreshed, ate breakfast, walked to Stephney Station about one-half mile from here. We booked for Blackwall, some 2 1/2 miles and there took steamer for Greenwich College. . . . We first entered a hospital that contained many relics, models of ships, pictures, etc. . . . The most of the paintings here seem to portray great events, great men, Naval Employ, great heroes in the English Government, etc. After passing through the hospital we walked on the flagstones, say 150 feet and entered the chapel. . . . It had had a great deal of labor bestowed on it and I should say it was burdened, and in fact this is one of the faults of the English Architecture. . . . Back of this we came to the Greenwich Observatory, which stood on an elevation in the park full of trees. . . . I will not attempt to describe it but sum it up by saying that they have all the improvements that the world can boast of in astronomical instruments, etc. . . .
8th. Arose early went to Gervin Street and as soon as Brother K. was ready, we started for Fred K. Piercy's to learn how the engraving of B. [Brigham] Young's house got along, etc., but to our surprise we were coolly received, or we judged so, for as we knocked on the door a child came and said Mr. Piercy was not at home. We asked for the woman. She came to the door and we entered, but oh, the cold feelings. But after informing her of our business, we left, desiring that he should send me a line to Gervin Street. . . .
10th. . . . Booked for London and walked to the Spread Eagle where the omnibuses start from. . . .
11th. . . . I bathed today, it being Saturday. I think I shall be improved. . . .
15th. Arose and took breakfast and soon received a note from F. Piercy and a proof of the plate designed for President B. Young. Letters, etc. After perusing the affair, I wrote a note to F. Piercy wishing him to send me 2 copies of the plate on letter paper. I also sent him an order on William Budge for 10 and as his bill was 15, requested him to wait for the balance till he should hear from me. . . . 30th. . . . Took steamer for the Isle of Man. . . .
January 2nd, 1857. Went with Brother Marsden and 2 others to look at Castle Town, which is 10 miles. . . .
8th. Wrote a note to A. Ward stating I would be in London on the 20th April. . . .
22nd. I and Brother K. started for Swansea, Wales. Arrived at 5 p.m. Brother Daniels, the President, received us kindly. Distance today 200 miles. . . .
26th. Visited a copper and lead factory, I will speak more of it hereafter. . . .
27th. . . . Found 3 letters from my family and an extract from President B. Young calling on me to return. . . .
30th. Brother J. Kay Miller, Ashby and myself visited Cranshaw's Iron Works; they employ 7,000 hands; he begins as a poor boy, but I should think the present property worth one million pounds. . . .
3lst. I and Brother K. left Merthyr by mail coach at half past 7 and came to Aberganemy. . . . Took cars for Liverpool and arrived at Rupert Street at 8 p.m. . . . We visited Heneford Cathedral as we passed through Heneford today. It was built in a masterly style of architecture.
February 6th. Bought a lot of paints and some brushes. . . .
10th, 11th. . . . Got some things to take home with me, a 6 shooter and belt and 100 rounds ammunition. I am almost ready. . . .
12th, 13th. During these 2 days I got all my things in order and at 12 o'clock went on board the Steam Packet in company with P. [Phineas] H. Young, J. A. Little and William Young and all our traps bound for Boston. . . .
March 1st. We are in the mouth of Boston Harbour. It snows and blows and is cold indeed and cloudy and may be termed mid-winter. . . .
8th. I attended meeting at a hall on Washington Street, Boston. In the forenoon I spoke to the Saints. At the close of the meeting I walked down and over to East Boston to 47 Sumner Street and visited Mr. Young. He married my wife Eliza's sister. . . .
11th. I visited Brooklyn and saw Brother John Taylor. I told him I wanted to dispose of some Temple Plates. He purchased 100 at 50 dollars and at quarter past 4 p.m., I started for St. Louis. . . .
20th. Visiting the Saints; called on Brother I. M. Coombs. George A. Smith is with me. . . .
April 12th, Sunday. Got the privilege of going in the St. Louis Sugar Factory, so I in company with E. Moore, George A. Smith and two others, at 10:30 a.m., started for the factory. I shall merely say it seemed to me to be awkward and confused in its arrangements. . . .
13th, 14th, 15th, 16th. Still staying in St. Louis and do not know how I shall get from here yet. I have expended much by littles and it seems hard to me to go home and not take some goods, so I propose to lay out $60.00 and think I shall not be denied a chance for getting home; this is my faith. I shall have $90.00, whereas I need $200 or more. If I am prospered to take home safe such articles as I have bought, I shall get them at half price. May the Lord be with me is my sincere wish in all that I do. Amen.
30th. Got breakfast and took the bus for Independence and soon was there. . . .
May 1st. At about 11 a.m. the mail was loaded into the wagons and we started for Salt Lake. It consisted of 4 wagons, 4 mules to each, and some loose animals. . . .
May 4th--Got an early start, all went well, got to Richmond, Kansas at 2 p.m., a distance of 140 miles.
5th--Arrived at the Big Blue, Kansas, sun about 2 hours high, ferried 2 wagons and forded 2 others. Now sundown and we have not yet had one meal but we shall soon get grub.
7th--Arose early and got breakfast and then got to the Little Blue, bated the mules and took a bite ourselves. The distance is 16 miles, we kept on till 11 1/2 p.m. Travelled in all, 40 miles. I stood guard the remainder of the night. In the morning 2 mules were missing, leaving us on the campground. Search was made in every direction. P. S. Judson Stoddard related of being caught in a desperate snow storm above Kearney. He lost 6 mules by the cold and had hard work to save the remainder. This took place on the 30th of April, 1857.
8th--Quite late in the morning and the mules not found. Continued to search for them. Doctor Woodward found the track and followed them but they being determined not to be taken and in the affray he lost his own mule. So we are three mules out of pocket and the best animals we had. We stayed on the campground all day.
9th--Woodward has not returned to camp. We sent 2 men after him on 2 mules, at the same time started for the west. While our mules bait and we take a bite after traveling, say 16 miles, they all 3 returned. He was worn out. They found him in the road, he had fainted some 3 miles from camp. He reported that he followed the mules 40 miles or more, camped at 12 o'clock at night.
10th--Started early and came to Fort Kearney about 10 a.m.
14th--Reached the south fork of the Platte. It took us 10 hours to cross over, we then got breakfast and soon harnessed up and started for Ash Hollow and arrived half way down that ravine, we stopped for dinner or supper. We arrived at 6 p.m. Saw Indians today for the first time since we left Missouri. 2 mountaineers visited our camp, James Roberson and Jackson Wright, the latter says he saw a large gold chain on the neck of a Cheyenne Indian who said he had taken it from the whites. It was the chain taken from Colonel Babbitt. He offered to purchase it but could not at any price. We hitched up at dark and continued our march till 11.
16th--Our mules are quite tired, we only made some 25 miles today. In the evening the Captain thought it best to tarry during the night. We went to bed about 11 p.m. The mail from the Valley drove into our camp. I heard much good tidings from home from Dr. Clinton.
17th. This morning the doctor gave me a note from my family, all seem well.
19th--Harnessed up and came to the station on Horse Shoe Creek. Here we were relieved by fresh mules and at 3 p.m. we all started, adding to our crowd 3 persons, Porter Rockwell, being one. We came on at a rapid rate and stopped at dusk. I should have mentioned that the missionaries with handcarts were at the station. I let Brother Wordsworth have my rifle, he said they had but one gun in their camp.
21st--Harnessed up before daybreak and at 6 a.m. came 19 miles. Here we got grub, started again and came over the Platte Bridge, some 5 miles below the Old Pioneer Ford (upper ford). We find it very sandy. I walked several miles to spare the trains.
23rd--Breakfasted and started and came to 3 crossings of Sweetwater, crossed once and turned out to bait. I was so used up with fatigue that I went to sleep and did not eat, at 9 started and came through the other 2 crossings. Came to the Sweetwater and crossed it, and turned out our animals. They were most famished; from here to G.S.L. [Great Salt Lake] City, according to Clayton's Guide, is 271 1/2 miles. We have come 55 1/2 miles during the last 24 hours.
25th--At sunrise, camped on Little Sandy. Here our distance from the Valley, per C. [Clayton's] Guide, 204 1/2 miles.
27th--Rested well last night and found our animals at an early hour and crossed the Old Pioneer Ford and made our way to Fort Bridger. Arrived at 9 a.m., got our breakfast and a few fresh animals. We find this place much improved. It looks as though white folks lived here; this is more than I could say one year ago. They are walling in the fort, the foundation ditch is 2 1/2 feet wide and 2 deep.
29th--Came up Canyon Creek to near the old beaver dam, turned out, got breakfast, but the fatigue was so hard on me I did not eat. I laid down on the carriage seat and tried to rest, but dreams would torment me, such as animals trying to run over me, etc. One mule was missing, the rest of the teams all harnessed at last. Started, having found the mule. Porter says he shall not turn out again till we get into the city and we arrived in Great Salt Lake City at 1/2 past 4 p.m. Found all my family well and in good spirits. The distance from Independence to this place is 1200 miles, and it will be seen from this journal that we came in about 27 days. I have travelled some 16,579 1/2 miles since I left home on the 21st of April 1856, not much more than 13 months. [End of journal.]
[Following his return, the construction of the temple went ahead slowly. Twice the plan for the foundation was changed. It was not until 1870 that the walls began to rise above the ground. At the October conference in 1876, President Young urged the Saints to hasten the completion of the building. "Go to, now, with your might and means, and finish the temple in this city forthwith." Hundreds volunteered their services, and then, in the midst of this activity President Young died in August 1877.
Truman O. Angell, the architect, now approaching his seventieth year, worked with President John Taylor as he had with President Young. The walls of the temple were pushed upward. By 1887 the stone work was completed, except for the towers; but fate did not permit the architect to live to see the finished building, Truman O. Angell died on October 16, 1887, at the age of 77. For more than thirty-five years he had toiled and labored on the great structure. It was said that he knew every stone in its walls. Of Truman O. Angell, Wendell Ashton has written: "As long as the Salt Lake Temple stands, there will be a magnificent monument to the patience, skill and dedication of its architect."]
see also Truman O. Angell Builder of the Kingdom (Liahona)
Alma Truman Angell and Charlotte Buys
Contributor: trishkovach Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
ALMA TRUMAN ANGELL AND CHARLOTTE BUYS
(as typed up by Glenna McBride Hansen)
Alma Truman was the second child and oldest son of Solomon and Eunice Clark Young Angell. He was born 12 or 22 Jan 1831 in Java, Genesse County, N.Y. His parents heard about the new religion and the Book of Mormon. The Book was passed from one to another of the family secretly to avoid persecution and the Angells believed and accepted it's truths, but Alma's grandparents the Mortons and Morton relatives could not accept nor allow any tolerance for those who did. Never-the-less, the Angell families actively attended meetings and were taught by the missionaries Leonard C. Rich and Aaron C. Lyon. alma's parents were baptized in January 1832. The church was not quite two years old at this time. Two years later 14 Apr. 1834 Orson Hyde and Orson Pratt visited with the Saints and iformed them the Lord had revealed that the Saints were to gather to Kirtland, Ohio.
Alma's father bought a wagon and the needed supplies for the trip. Joseph Holbrook gave them $7.50 to help them. Joseph was their brother-in-law and also Solomon's cousin. They traveled with Joseph and Chandler Holbrook and families. Alma's grandparents, James and Phebe Ann Morton Angell and Aunt Mary Ann Angell, who became Brigham Young's wife in Kirtland, and his Uncle Truman Osborn Angell and family also joined the Church and traveled to Kirtland to be with the Saints.
Alma's father and mother were in the meeting with the Prophet when Zion's camp was formed to redeem Zion (Jackson County, Missouri) The Saints in Kirtland had," gathered and prepared clothing and other necessaries to carry to our brethern and sisters who had been robbed and plundered of nearly all their effects:. Brigham Young took into his home the families of Solomon Angell and Lorenzo Booth so that they could join the Camp to Missouri to redeem Zion. (See Hist. of the Church, Vol 2 p. 64) Alma was three years old at this time.
After much hardships, hunger, thirst, heat, disease and deaths from Cholera the Camp was discharged at the end of June and the men were given leave to return home. They had been gone just two months and they had failed to redeem Zion and restore the property back to the Saints there. Their enemies were in control.
Solomon returned to Kirtland and his family. How grateful they were that he had survived the great trials and ordeals. But life was getting uncomfortable in Kirtland with the persecutio multiplying rapidly. They continued working on the Temple. "Wih very little capital except brain, bone and sinew, combined with unwavering trust in God, men, women, and even children worked with their might. While the brethren labored in their departments, the sisters were actively engaged in boarding and clothig workmen not otherwise provided for - all living as abstemiously as possible, so that every cent might be appropriated to the grand object, while their energies were stimulated by the prospect of participating in the blessing of a house built by the direction of the Most High, and accepted by Him." (Edward W. Tullidge in Life of Joseph, the Prophet. p. 187-189). The Kirtland Temple was dedicated June 1836.
After they were driven out of Kirtland by the mobs, the gathering place for the Saints wqas Far West, Missouri. Here 500 men put up the cornerstones in one hour, and a new Temple site was laid out. But again persecution prevailed and Joseph and Hyrum Smith were imprisoned. Alma's grandmother, Phebe Ann Angell was the midwife when Hyrum Smith's son, Joseph F. was born at Far West. The Saints were soon driven out Most of the men had to flee for their lives, leaving their wives and children to come as best they could. Some found refuge in a small town called Quincy. Here they found employment and were able to move into Nauvoo (called Comerce at first.).
Here in Nauvoo again the Lord commanded them to build a Temple and work was immediately begun. The swamp was drained and Nauvoo was becoming a beautiful city of Ten thousand. Soon it grew to Twenty thousand. But again mobs threatened. Alma's father belonged to the Nauvoo Legion, but they could not stem the tide, the Saints had to leave. It had not been enough to kill the prophet and his brother Hyrum. The saints must leave the United States. And so they did, coming across the plains in covered wagons and walking, driving their cattle before them.
A temporary home was established at Council Bluffs, where they built temporary shelters and planted crops for those who would follow them on the long trip west.
They left Elkhorn River 1 Jun 1848 and arrived in Salt Lake 10 Sept 1848. They settled in the 8th Ward and their home was on the corner of 3rd South and 3rd East. Alma was 17 at this time. There was much work to be done to establish a new home here for the Saints, buildings to be buit, ditches and canals made to irrigate the crops and farms to be planted and again another Temple to be built to the Lord.
We do not know just when or how Alma met Charlotte Buys. It could very well have been at Alma's home. Some of the homes had one long room which was very convenient for dancing parties and no doubt some of the harvest festivals were held in these homes. One such room was the pioneer home of Solomon Angell which was close in the center of Salt Lake. His friends and neighbors gathered here to have dances and recreation. (Vol. IV p. 410 - Heart Throbs - Kate Carter)
Charlotte Buys was born 11 April 1835 at Albany, Albany, N.Y. She was the oldest child of Hyrum DeBaun Buys and Elizabeth Huntington. Her father was a Methodist Preacher and a descendant of Jans Cornelius Buys, the early Dutch settler in New York, or New Amsterdam as it was first called. The Buys family lived in Albany from 1834 to 1840. They had a comfortable home and money. Wheln the missionaries of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints came to Albany and preached the new gospel, Hyrum realized they had the truth and on 4 July 1839 he was baptized into the true church. We do not have the date when Elizabeth was baptized, but are sure it was near the same date.
Charlotte was named for her grandmother, Charlotte Huntington,. She was four years old at the time her parents joined the church. She had two sisters, one of the twins having died the same day she was born.
The call came for the saints to gather and in May of 1840 they joined other church members to Hancock, Illinois where they settled at La Harpe near Nauvoo. Here on the 4 Mar 1841 her father was called and ordained an Elder and given a license to preach the Gospel by Joseph Smith. He was called to be a missionary and serve in Tennessee while the family stayed at home. In Oct of 1841 Charlotte's first brother was born. Another sister was also born while they lived in La Harpe.
On 3 Aug 1844 her mother and father went to the Temple at Nauvoo and were baptized for her grandfathers and grandmothers, uncles, aunts and cousins who had died. This was a great privilege for all the saints had sacrificed so much to build this temple, the House of the Lord, where they could receive their blessings and do the work for the dead. Their enemies were closing in on them, burning theirk homes, imprisoning their prophet and other church leaders and they were soon to be driven from the state. How grateful they were to be privileged to enter and partake of these great blessings.
In 1846 after their prophet had been murdered and after being driven out of Nauvoo and the precious Temple burned along with many of their homes and business, the family moved to Mt. Pisgah, Harrison County, Iowa. Here two more brothers were born and Charlotte was thirteen at this time.
On 26 July 1846 Captain James Allen of the United States Army arrived at Mt. Pisgah. The saints at Mt. Pisgah were momentarily thrown into great confusion and excitement. However, they were not being attacked by the United States Army, but instead Captain Allen had come to ask for volunteers of 500 men to form a Battalion to fight in the War with Mexico. Volunteers came from Council Bluffs all the way to Mt. Pisgah.
In June of 1850 the family left Council Bluffs, Iowa to come to Salt Lake City. They had one wagon and an ox team fork nine people. Charlotte was fifteen years old and Joseph, the baby, was fifteen months old. Their oldest boy was nine years old. They brought the deed of their home with them and some money sewed inside a feather mattress. As they were crossing a river on the way their wagon tipped over and their mattress with deed and money floated away. There went their savings and their chance of comfort in Zion, but no lives were lost for which they were thankful. They had joined a train of 54 wagons of which David Evans was captain. They made the long arduous trek to Salt Lake arriving in September 1850. They settled at Bountiful, Davis County seven miles norrth of Salt Lake City. Her father built a one room log house for them to live in. They were members of North Kanyon Ward in Bountiful.
These two young pioneers, Alma and Charlotte, met and were married and sealed in the Endowment House 6 Nov. 1852 Charlotte was 17 1/2 at her marriage. She had received her endowment earlier, on 8 Mar 1852. Alma and Charlotte set up housekeeping in Brigham City in Box Elder County. Here their first child, Alma Truman Jr. was born 15 Dec 1853.
They then moved to Salt Lake and established a home there. On 29 Dec 1854 their second child, a daughter Roxy Emma was born. How precious this little daughter must have been to them, but their joy was soon gone for she lived only five months and shortly afterwards their little son passed away also. Six other children were born to them while living in Salt Lake. The last three born all died early, except Willard M. who died at age nineteen. Charlotte's father died in 1855 shortly after they had moved to Salt Lake.
They lived in Salt Lake eleven years and then they accepted the challenge to help colonize and establish towns in southern Utah and Arizona. They were called to go to Kanab in 1864 by Apostle Erastus Snow. Two years later they were called to go to Longvalley. The first year they lived in tents. Indians drove them from Kanab. They left by way of Mt. Carmel. They had to take their wagons apart and let them down over the side of the mountain with chains and windlass. They found a sheltered place and called it Ft. Johnson. The rains came in such torrents and washed down over the mountains into their homes. They dipped water out with pails and tried to keep it as dry as possible. Alma's father and mother and family had been among the number to be called to settle in Southern Utah, also. These rains and dampness caused his mother, Eunice, to develop arthritis. She became bedfast and the rest of her life she spent in bed, the last ten years.
In 1865 Alma and Charlotte went to Arizona with their four children. Willard, the baby, was only a few months old. It was a hazardous journey. The Indians were a problem, also water holes were scarce and crossing the Colorado River by ferry was especially treacherous along with the mountain ridges they had to cross over. They arrived in Snowflake, but were driven out by the Indians so went to Taylorsville for awhile and then on down to the Gila Valley and settled in Ft. Thomas. Here their daughter Charlotte Elizabeth was born 11 Apr 1867. She died a year later.
The family returned to Utah and lived in Harrisburg. Finally, irrigation water was diverted from Harrisburg to Leeds and the families were encouraged to move to Leeds. Leeds was organized as a town 1 Dec 1867. Alma and Solomon, his father, and their families moved to Leeds May 1868 and Leeds became their home from then on. Seven sons and daughters were born to Alma and Charlotte there. A school house built of Cedar posts and pine slabs was one of the first buildings built.
Alma's father Solomon became the Presiding Elder, but was soon released, 29 Jul 1869, because his work took him away from town so much of the time. He was building a flour mill in Virgin City at this time and probably Alma was with him - they built many homes and buidigs in Virgin City, Pocketville, Tocquerville, Harrisburg and Leeds and built a home for themselves in each location. The houses were built of rocks and lumber, some two stories high. They also made furniture for the homes.
Alma built a stone residence in Leeds that was occupied in turn by George Crosby, William Leathan, Oscar McMullin, Margaret Jane Meeks Hamilton and William D. Sullivan who died there in 1946 at the age of 86. In 1875 a stone church house and school house was begun and finished in 1879.
While the people were busy building permanent buildings and raising crops, rich silver deposits had been found in the hills nearby and the mining town of Silver Reef was founded. Miners flocked to the new mine creating a ready market for all that could be raised in Leeds, Harrisburg and many other towns nearby. The people of Leeds had suffered many hardships from crop losses due to grasshoppers and other things. Now vineyards were producing abundantly and making of wine was encouraged. This selling of wine to Silver Reef brought prosperity to the producers.
At this time the ward had 38 families and membership was 178 souls. Eighty=six acres were farmed in Leeds, 22 of them in orchards. The Bishop was George H. Crosby with Alma Truman Angell and Joseph T. Wilkinson as counselors.
Alma also served as a counselor to B.Y. McMullin beginning 17 Jan 1894, but had to be released soon because of illness. He developed Parkinsons' disease (palsy) and spent his time from then on submitting names of hundreds of his relatives to the St. George Temple. Charlotte cared for him and the last nine years of his life he was bedfast. He died 12 Jun 1911 and was buried in Leeds.
After all these tragedies Charlotte moved to Salt Lake and became a set apart worker in the Salt Lake Temple. She was a beautiful lady and stood tall and erect and dressed neatly. She bore her husband sixteen children and of that sixteen only six lived to maturity and married. Charlotte passed away 12 May 1916 in Salt Lake City.
Alma Truman Jr.b. 15 Dec. 1853d. 16 Dec 1855
Roxy Emmab 29 Dec 1854d 30 May 1855
Sanford Armondb 15 Feb 1856d.
Emerella Amanda b 23 Dec 1857d.
George Edwardb. 6 Feb 1860d.
Martha Annb. 16 Jan 1862d. 16 Jan 1868
Henriettab. 29 July 1863d. 25 Oct 1864
Willardb. 11 Jul 1865d. 25 Oct 1865
Charlotte Elizabeth b. 11 Apr 1867d. 25 Apr 1868
Helamanb. 13 Feb 1869d.
William Henryb. 6 Jan 1871sd.
Francis Marionb. 23 Aug 1872d. 22 Aug 1887
Luella Mayb. 8 Aug 1874d.
Hyrum Damenb. 20 Jul 1876d. 24 Jul 1876
Lehib. 27 Jun 1878d. 1 Jul 1878
Lullu Vb. 20 Jul 1880d. 20 Jul 1880
Church History Vol 1, 11
Baptism F 6502
Leeds Ward Records F6380
Saga of Three Towns - Marietta M. Mariger
Heart Throbs - Kate Carter