John “Johannes” Alleman
Contributor: Tabatha Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
John was born to John “Christopher” Alleman and Anna Catharine Heppick in Pennsylvania, where lots of German-speaking people lived. Christopher was a blacksmith. A blacksmith was someone who made things out of metal, like horseshoes.
John was married to Christeana Stentz. They had two children and were expecting a third.
John and Christeana were members of the Lutheran Church. The Lutheran Church was started by Martin Luther in Germany. Martin Luther was a Catholic Priest. He didn’t like things that the Catholic Church was doing, like saying people could pay money to have their sins forgiven. He wrote a letter and nailed it to the cathedral door. He wanted the leaders of the Catholic Church to change. The leaders of the Catholic Church didn’t want to change. They excommunicated Martin Luther from the Catholic Church. Martin Luther and his followers started their own church. It was the first Protestant church. Protestant means to be in protest, or in disagreement.
Erastus Snow came to Pennsylvania to preach the Gospel. John and Christeana let him stay with them. Their relatives and neighbors told them not to listen to Erastus Snow. They joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
John and Christeana decided to move to Far West, Missouri. They had two wagons and ten horses. John drove one of the wagons and Christeana drove the other. Two young women Saints came with them.
The Saints in Far West were attacked by a mob. John and Christeana decided to move to Nauvoo, Illinois.
John and Christeana had a twin boy and girl. They named the girl Christeana “Mary.”
John and Christeana helped build the Nauvoo Temple.
John helped harvest hay with other Saints. The Saints took guns with them to protect themselves from the mobs.
John joined the Nauvoo Legion. He served as a cavalryman under Lieutenant General Joseph Smith.
A mob killed Joseph and Hyrum Smith. A mob attacked the Saints in Navuoo. They wanted the Saints to leave. The Saints wanted to get their endowments before they left.
The Saints finished building the outside of the Temple. It took five years to build. The Temple stayed open for five days and nights. John and Christeana received their endowments on the fifth night.
John and Christeana moved to Winter Quarters, Iowa. They had a baby girl. John was called to be the Bishop of Lake Branch. They traveled across the plains. Their oldest son, Benjamin, drove the second wagon. Another baby girl was born on the plains.
John and Christeana’s daughter, Catharine, was picking flowers on the plains with other children. Indians rode towards them. Catharine told the other children to run. She stayed behind to face the Indians. One Indian grabbed her to put her on his horse, but his horse bucked. He was going to grab her again, but some Saints rode in and scared the Indians off.
Cattle stampeded the wagon train at Loup Fork. A Sister, Elizabeth Box, was hurt and dying. She asked Christeana to care for her children. Christeana raised Sister Box’s children as her own.
Near Laramie, a group of Cheyenne Indians surrounded the wagon train. The Saints shared what little food they had with the Cheyennes. The Cheyennes left in peace.
Buffalo herds walked past the wagon train. The cows and calves walked in the middle of the herd. The bulls walked in a circle around the outside. The bulls protected the cows and calves.
At Independence Rock, two families in the same wagon were arguing. The Captain of the wagon train cut the wagon in two and made two carts, one for each family.
John and Christeana arrived in the Salt Lake Valley. John wanted to go north. In October General Conference, the leaders of the Church asked the Saints to settle south. The Conference was a few days before John and Christeana arrived. John and Christeana went south. They settled in Springville, which is south of Provo. John and Christeana had two more children.
John and Christeana lived in the “Old Fort” in Springville. The roofs of the fort were made out of dirt. They leaked when it rained.
John and Christeana cared for seven elderly people. One of them had a disease that made him smell bad. John and Christeana never complained about taking care of them.
Many families camped in the fort. John and Christeana fed the families and their horses and cows.
J ohn and Christeana built beds into the corners of their house. The beds were connected to the walls of the house. They only needed one leg to hold them up.
John and Christeana’s children got married and had children of their own. Their children loved to visit Grandpa John and Grandma Christeana. John and Christeana gave the children popcorn, black walnuts, bread, butter, cream, and sugar. The children even made candy from cane molasses.
John and Christeana got old. They died and were buried in Springville.
“Alleman” means “German,” but the Alleman family came from Switzerland.
John Alleman (By Ida Ann Alleman Taylor)
Contributor: Tabatha Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
My grandfather was born 28 June, 1808 at Middletown, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, son of John Christopher Alleman and Catherine Heppick. He was the third generation born in America. His great grandfather, John Christian Alleman was born in Germany.
A cousin of grandfather’s, B. F. Alleman, a Reverend in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, has made quite a study if the family and states through correspondence with me that “The Alleman’s from whom we descended were once a nation, and therefore was made up of many branches and families. They were finally scattered over all Europe and many immigrated to other countries where their descendants are still found. Quite a number immigrated to this country at different times, but we have not been able to connect more than a few original families. Perhaps the majority of the Alleman’s in this country came from three or four immigrants who settled in Pennsylvania in 1753. There were Alleman’s here before that in Northampton, Bucks, and Westmoreland counties in Pennsylvania. In 1753, Christopher Alleman recorded Amelon Herman Alleman registered in Philadelphia or Harrisburg. I think they settled in Lancaster and Berlis(?)Counties – most of them in that part of Lancaster which is now Dauphin County.”
“The Alleman’s are nearly all Lutheran by religious profession. Your grandfather adopted the Mormon faith in Franklin County and followed those people to Illinois, Iowa, and Utah, much to the regret of all his friends. Of course, he followed his convictions but unfortunately it put more than distance of miles between him and his kindred. It was all the more painful to them because he was a most lovable man and because conviction, was just as strong on the other side. They knew that there could never be reconciliation so far as religious faith was concerned.” (Letter from Lancaster Pennsylvania dated 23 Jan 1907 to me.)
Little is known by me of the youthful days of grandfather except as history records the early trials of the Lutheran people in Pennsylvania. They lived in a farming community and were hard working, industrious people. Grandfather heard the early Elders of the Mormon Church in Franklin County, Pennsylvania and was convinced of the truthfulness of the Gospel. I have been told that he was so thrilled with the truth that he returned to his people to tell them, but they would not listen. Later when he was going westward with the Saints, he decided to return and try again. With his bundle of clothing thrown over his back on a stick, he trudged on foot miles and miles to tell them of the truth, but he found the doors closed against him. No one would listen. With a sad heart, he trudged back to join the family and Saints who were camped in winter encampment.
Grandfather married Christiana Stentz, who was born on 28 November, 1811 near Middletown, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, daughter of Michael Stentz and Maria Catherine Winagle. They are the parents of ten children whose birthplaces tell the history of their travels westward with the Saints. Three children, Anna Catharine, Benjamin Jordan, and Susannah were born near Mercersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania respectively on 27 Oct 1833, 27 Aug 1835, and 29 Dec 1837. Grandfather settled in Nauvoo, owning a beautiful tract of land near the Mississippi riverbanks southeast of Nauvoo, in walking distance to the city. Here three more of their children were born: John Henry, my father, and twin sister Christiana Mary, born 15 Oct 1840, and Daniel Joseph, born 25 Sep 1843. At the time of the martyrdom my father remembered being lifted up to see the prophet Joseph Smith and his brother in their caskets. Soon after, they had to leave their home with their six children and move on with the Saints.
Their next home was in Winter Quarters Nebraska (now Florence). On 19 Feb 1847 another daughter was born here named Sara Jane. Two years later, they were settled at Lake Branch, Pottawatomie County, Iowa and another daughter, Martha Elizabeth was born on 21 Dec 1849. Now with their eight little children they journeyed on to Utah, arriving in 1852. By November of that year they were settled with the Saints in Springville Utah where on 6 Nov 1852 a son, James Hyrum was born.
There was a fort built there for protection of the people. Grandfather planted a garden and both fruit and nut trees. Their home was a two-story adobe that I remember well. Later another baby boy, William David, came to bless their home on 7 Apr 1855. A new brick home was built next to accommodate this family. Grandfather raised cattle and horses, having built a large barn and sheds. The granary and barn were filled with grain and hay; corn was stacked and all was in an orderly manner. I heard Jesse Knight say when driving through Springville, he often stopped at Grandfather’s. He always rode in and stabled and fed his animals there. He always knew where to put his hand on the hay fork, as grandfather kept an orderly place. He fed and bedded his animals, then went to the house and received a hearty welcome. Their doors were open to any who cared to enter. There were many poor among them and whole families were helped daily from grandfather’s supplies. Mrs. Dallin, the sculptor’s mother, said they would have perished had not help come from the Alleman’s.
Well do I remember grandfather’s visits to our home, which was six blocks from his house. He came in the home to see if all was well, then walked out to the barn and inspected that, then to the hay stacks and granary, the wood pile and to the cattle and horses, if there were any. “He kept tab on his son’s places,” father would say, “to see if the tools were all in order.” As a child I accompanied him on this tour, for he always had candy in his pockets and he always gave me some.
A visit to his home was a real treat. There were nuts in the attic and a good place to crack them. We never left that home hungry. Once in the company of Nell Sumsion, my cousin, we found no one home. We helped ourselves to a piece of bread and butter and then went away.
I have heard someone say grandfather was appointed a Bishop at one of the camps, seems like Garden City (in other stories, it is Lake Branch). With his means and labor, he assisted in making Springville. His children married and continued living in Springville. Not one of the children died in infancy, but along with their families, they helped Springville to grow.
When I was eleven, grandfather passed to his reward on 28 Oct 1883 and is buried in the Springville City Cemetery by his wife and the one son who did not marry, James Hyrum. My regrets are that I did not hear his life’s story from him, that justice might be done him in this article.
Contributor: Tabatha Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
A History of John Alleman and Christeana Stentz.
The oldest son and daughter of this couple are Benjamin Jordon and Anna Catherine Alleman. The following items concerning the family were dictated to Julie Alleman, the youngest daughter of Benjamin, by her father and his sister Anna Catherine Bissell at Springville Utah (unknown date)..
Copied by Ida Alleman Taylor 31 August 1950. (The original is with Nell Sumsion.).
Christopher Alleman and Catherine Heppick were the parents of John Alleman. Christopher was a blacksmith in Middleton, Pennsylvania. .
Our mother, Christeana Stentz Alleman, was baptized by Erastus Snow. There was a great deal of opposition at the time. Her baby, Susannah, was only three weeks old..
John Alleman’s family left Middletown in 1837 or 1839. They traveled with horse teams, 10 horses in all. Company of people came with them. Christeana drove one team in a light wagon. Two girls, Nancy McCurdy and Margaret Bone, accompanied the family to Far West, Missouri. They did not stop at Far West on account of the Mormon’s being mobbed, but went on through Quincy, Illinois and on to Nauvoo, Illinois. .
The family first lived about a mile from the Nauvoo Temple in a frame house. Later they moved two blocks northeast of the Temple into a brick house built by John Alleman. They rented the farm of Daniel Wells for the last three years in Nauvoo. Charles C. Rich lived on the same block and Daniel Spencer lived across the street..
Companies of men would go armed to cut the hay. They had to be prepared to defend themselves against the mobs. John Alleman was a cavalry man in the Nauvoo Legion and was often called on to help defend the rights of the people. .
In common with other Mormons, the Alleman family was driven out of Nauvoo in 1846. They lost most of their property at Nauvoo and left there with only one horse team, an ox team, and a few cows. They moved to Winter Quarters where great deprivations were endured. Often they had no food in the house and had to dig “Indian” or wild potatoes. Later the family owned a “gristmill” in Winter Quarters, which was turned with a hand crank. The homes there were either dugouts or log houses with dirt roofs. .
In the spring of 1848 the family moved to Council Bluffs, Iowa. In 1850, John Alleman was made bishop of the Lake Branch. In May 1852, they left Council Bluffs to come west. Their teams were oxen and cows. They had two wagons. Benjamin was then 17 years old and drove one of the wagons..
The family now besides Benjamin, Catherine, and Susannah, were John and Christiana (twins) born in 1840 and Daniel born in 1843 at Nauvoo, Illinois. Sarah Jane was born at Winter Quarters in 1847 and Martha Elizabeth at Lake Branch, Pottawatomie, Iowa in 1849. (James Hyrum (1852) and William David (1855) were born in Springville Utah.).
Anna Catherine was 16 years of age. She and some of the children in the company stopped to pick berries while the company went on. Soon an Indian rode up on his horse and tried to get her on the horse with him, but the horse would not stand still. She told the children to go on. Her sister, Susannah, ran on and told her parents. The men of the company went back and rescued her. .
They traveled in the 14th Company with Captain Walker in charge. Cholera broke out in their Company moving west and 114 of their party were left buried along the way. At Loup Fork, Elizabeth Box was killed during a stampede. When she was dying, she asked Christeana Alleman to take care of her children, which she did in her Springville home. (As a child I remember Mart Box of Payson Utah, who often associated with my father and his brothers. He was often at Grandmother’s and at any of the boy’s homes. I often wondered at the connection, but this explains it. - Ida Alleman Taylor).
While this company camped at Laramie, Wyoming, a large band of Cheyenne Indians came up and surrounded the camp. The emigrants shared their scanty provisions with them. The chief accepted the gifts, then divided them among his people and moved on. The plains were traversed by herds of buffalo and antelope. These herds traveled with the male buffalo on the outside and the cows and their calves in the center. This was to protect them from the wolves. .
The company reached Salt Lake City on 2 October, 1852 and camped where Liberty Park is now located. They attended the October Conference. After a few days, they moved on to Springville, Utah, arriving there in November. They lived in the old fort during that winter. The houses had dirt roofs. Finally a home was ready for them to move into, so they left the fort. Seven aged people moved into the Alleman home and were cared for by the family. Some of them were so infirm that they required great care..
In the time of the “Move South” (Johnson’s Army), their home and garden were full of people until the trouble was settled and they could return to their own homes. .
The girls learned to spin and weave, while the younger boys herded sheep. The older ones interested themselves in farming and raising cattle..
John William Alleman, a grandson of John Alleman and Christeana Stentz, stated the following in letters to the family in the east when he was hunting genealogy of the family:.
“Grandfather John Alleman left Pennsylvania in 1838. He first moved to Missouri, then to Illinois, next to Iowa, and finally to Utah in 1852. He settled in Springville, Utah where most of his descendants still reside. When crossing the plains by ox team in the early 1850’s, grandfather returned to Pennsylvania once or twice for short visits with his family. On one of these visits, he walked from Council Bluffs, Iowa to his old home in Franklin County, Pennsylvania..
The gospel to him was a Pearl of Great Price and he wanted his dear home folks to enjoy it withhim. He finally gave up and came on to Utah without one of them enjoying the truth with him. Grandmother went to Pennsylvania once to visit her own people. Her mother died when she wasa small child and her father died early, but an older sister, Susan, and brother, Henry, resided there and she visited them.” .
John William Alleman died of an accident when farming. Lockjaw set in and he was soon gone. He was very interested in collecting genealogical records of the family..
Ida Ann Alleman