Daniel Allen - Faithful Pioneer; compiled by Marilyn Shurtz
Contributor: James Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
* FAITHFUL PIONEER *
The following history is a collection of Notes from many sources. When known, the source is given. Our Gr-Grandpa Allen was a “Faithful Latter-day Saint”, and wrote much of his own history. (see handwritten
notes elsewhere). Some transcribed notes are included here only to authenticate.
Marilyn Jackson PO Box 527, Escalante, Utah. (email: firstname.lastname@example.org).
“Daniel Allen Jr., honest, pure in heart, dedicated to his beliefs, was a man who loved both God and man and was much loved in return. It is most important that we learn all we can of our heritage, our ancestors, for we are not whole without them—nor they without us, for they link us to the creator of us all. It behooves each and every one of us to live lives worthy to receive the blessings bestowed on us at our birth through an honorable ancestor, for life is a total waste without our ancestry.
We are told that ‘birth certificate proves we were born, but a history proves that we lived’. Daniel wrote much of his own life in his journals, but this history will attempt to tell some of the things he did not write.
Yes, we Allen descendants do have a noble birthright. Not only because we came through the royal lines of Mary, Queen of Scots through Daniel’s mother, Nancy Agnes Stewart Allen, and his father, Dr. Daniel Allen Sr., but we are part of the House of Joseph, through his righteous son, Ephraim, because of the noble lives of our pioneers, as martyrs for their faith, their freedom, for the very lives they lived. Daniel was hard working, honorable, admired and deeply revered through all his life by those who knew him well. He did not put on a big front to impress people, but was loved for what he did and who he was.
It matters not what kind of a home Daniel had in the many places he lived, or what he made a living at, whether he made a lot of money. It matters not that he rode only on a horse drawn conveyance, for cars were not of his day. Had not God admonished his people: “Seek not for the riches of the earth, but seek ye first the riches of Heaven”? Probably no man, no woman in all our ancestry tried living nearer to God and his teachings, which had been restored to earth, than our beloved Daniel Allen Jr. for he honestly did seek the “riches of heaven” first, and made no brags about his accomplishments. Through his own writings in his journal he did tell of his three missions, his many callings to help build up industry in nine different places and his true value as a man of God were shown, but never a bragging word or situation.
Schooling was learned at his own mother’s knee and at the schools of Ohio and Pennsylvania. Later at the side of the Prophet, Joseph Smith, yes at the “School of the Prophets.” There he sat among the learned and the unlearned. He listened well, and was taught; and he also taught in the Schools of the Prophets in various places later on, especially at Parowan, Utah, where the records of early days record many things he taught which he had heard the Prophet and other learned men tell. He prayed with them and for them and blessed many with his love and tenderness. His faith and gentle touch healed many. God’s words fell from his lips when he laid hands upon their heads and blessed them and he healed many throughout his long life.
No, I have not seen him. Yet, I know them through his daughter, my beautiful grandmother, Harriet. I have heard his quiet voice as it came to me over these many years through things my grandmother told me of him. Yes, he was indeed a man of God.
His life needs to be recorded on paper, not merely in the minds and memories of his loved ones. Daniel would be 183 years old on 9 Dec 1986, so it is necessary to revere his memory before it is too late. Time erases many things for every one, even the many times re-told. History makes us aware of who we really are, for the statement is true, that the unrecorded life is as though there were none lived.
By now there probably are several histories of Daniel besides his own precious handwritten journal. It is not my intent to try to improve on anyone’s telling of it, especially of his own writing of parts of it.” FOOTNOTE 1
Daniel Allen was born December 9, 1804 Whitestown, Oneida County, New York. He was the sixth of ten children of Dr. Daniel Allen and Nancy Agnus Stewart Allen. [FOOTNOTE 2] His parents moved to Chataugua County in the year 1807, and lived there during the War with England in 1812. His father served his country in the War of 1812. As a soldier, he went with the army to Buffalo at the time of its fire. After the War, his parents moved into the State of Pennsylvania, Erie County, where they resided for ten years. They then went to Cayuga County, State of Ohio where they dwelt unto their death in 1856.
Daniel’s father Daniel Allen Sr. M. D. was born in Colrain, Massachusetts in 1770. He and Nancy were married 12 Sep 1793. Nancy Agnus Stewart was the daughter of Lt. John Stewart (son of John Stewart, Sr. and Rebecca Costa.) Names of the children were: Linda, John, Rachel, Rebecca, Ruth, Daniel Jr., Joseph Stewart, Albert Loomis, Caroline Dianthia, and Diodema Amanda. The last child was born after they moved to Erie, Pennsylvania. Dr. Daniel Allen became one of the first medical doctors in the State of New York. He began practicing in Hamburg, New York in 1807. Although he was a very well-learned and highly educated doctor in his chosen field, there wasn’t much money to raise ten children. People in that period of time expected a doctor to come care for them as a “duty”, rather than as a service to be paid for. It was also a period of much “witchery” and “quackery” so some people were hesitant about who to pay. Also, many had very little money to give, so much was bartered. Dr. Allen moved to Chatauqua County in 1807 and lived there during the War with England in 1812. In that was he served his country as a soldier.
“My father moved to Chetauguey County when I was two years old, lived there during the war with England in 1812 and was in the service; went to Buffalo when it was burnt. He moved to Pennsylvania, Erie County. “ FOOTNOTE 3
Doctor Allen moved his wife and children to Montville, Geauga County, Ohio where they lived the rest of their lives. Both died in 1856.
“There is very little known of Daniel until he was about twenty years of age, except for the fact that his family moved a lot, living in several areas of New York. The final move was to Montville Township, Geauga County, Ohio. FOOTNOTE 4 Here, Daniel picked up the trade of tanning and shoe-making which he was to follow for the remainder of his life. Here, also, he met Mary Ann Morris, the daughter of Baldwin and Eleanor Richardson Morris. They were married October 6, 1831.
The following document was found in Ohio: “Stephen Kelsey personally appeared and made application for Daniel Allen and Mary Ann Morris of the Township of Montville in the said county and made solemn oath that the said Daniel Allen is of the age of 21 years and the said Mary Ann Morris is of the age of 18 years and that they are both single and not nearer of kin than first cousins, that he knows of no legal impediment against their being joined in marriage.
Signed: Stephen Kelsey
Sworn and subscribed this 5th day of October 1851
Before me: D. D. Aikin, Clerk”
“Daniel was the husband [FOOTNOTE 5] of Mary Ann Morris, who was born June 11, 1813, Hamburt, Niagara County, State of New York. Brother Daniel Allen married his first wife, Mary Ann Morris December 6, 1828 in Cayuga County, Ohio where both embraced the Gospel.” [FOOTNOTE 6] Mary Ann Morris was the daughter of Baldwin Morris and his wife, Elinor Richardson Morris. [FOOTNOTE 7] Daniel’s younger brother, Joseph, was baptized into the Mormon Church in 1831, bringing Daniel and Mary Ann into contact with the Church for the first time. In June of 1834, they were baptized by Elder Joel H. Johnson, and remained on their farm in Huntsberg for a short time. FOOTNOTE 8
MARY ANN MORRIS
Daniel married to Mary Ann Morris [FOOTNOTE 9] October 6, 1828. These were difficult times. Daniel and Mary Ann had six children. The two oldest were born at Montville, Geauga, Ohio. LeRoy born 28 Mar 1833 and Alma 12 Dec 1835. LeRoy died young (date not found.)
“I sold my farm in Huntsberg for $600 in cash and let Joseph Smith have every dollar of it to redeem Zion by purchasing lands in Jackson County, Missouri and in the regions round about according to revelations.”
“I moved to Kirtland, Ohio in 1836, and bought two city lots of Joseph Smith for $400, and built a good frame house and shoe shop. I laid out $1,000 in Kirtland. (property and investments). I was a share holder in the Kirtland Bank when it failed (1837), I lost all of my property”, (including his property and shop.) (He was compelled to sacrifice all this. On account of the persecution which followed, he was driven away by the mob without any means of subsistence for his family.
The family had moved to Kirtland, Ohio to be near the temple as it was being built. There, Daniel worked on it as much as he could along with his other job or leather craftsman. Mary Ann Ellen was born in Kirtland 10 Mar 1837. That year panic struck the nation, which greatly effected the Mormons, for the economic structure of the Church collapsed casing many to apostatize. They rushed to complete the temple so that the keys that were to be revealed in it could be received. Daniel was among Saints who performed baptism for the dead. It had not been designated that they do baptisms for their own *** only. Daniel did work for several of his family as well as his wife’s family. He was baptized in the Mississippi River for his grandparents, Joseph and Rachel Allen, for his grandparents David and Martha Bennett, and for sister, Ruth and relatives Martha, Mary, Polly, Rebecca, Ruth, Stephen, Timothy, David and Isaac.
Finally, in desperation Daniel hired a man to move him to Savanna, Ashland, Ohio, after fifty miles south of Kirtland, where he went to work on the canal for fifty cents a day.
FAR WEST, MISSOURI
Continuing from Daniel’s diary, “I was determined to go to Missouri, (to gather his family with the Saints), but I had nothing to go with. I bought an old span of mares off Brother Zon Del and then bot an old wagon and got an old harness and got ready to start the next spring. Went with L. B. Stoddard and Doct. Michel (Dr. Mitchell in the Spring of 1838); they had good wagons and horses. They said my wagon would not carry my lode not forty miles, but I went to Far West, Missouri and never broke anything. They broke their wagons two or three times, but it seamed that while my goods was in the old wagon, it would not brake. I think I held it by my faith far when I got to my Br. Joseph’s on Log Creek five miles south of Far West, I let him have it to go to Far West empty, and he broke one wheel and lost part of the tire.” FOOTNOTE 10
Daniel went with his brother, Joseph [FOOTNOTE 11] and Brother Isaac Morley to Adam-Ondi-Ahmen. “We took up land three miles north of the town (Far West) where we built a log house. We was putting on the roof the day of the election in Gallatin, August the 8th, 1838, from that time, I was under arms till the day we gave up our arms in Far West. “ (On March 17, 1838, Daniel was among the group that signed the Constitution governing the removal of the Saints to Far West.) FOOTNOTE 12 At the election in Gallatin, the mobs had prevented the Mormons from voting and had elected the leader of the mob that drove them from Clay County, Missouri. After that, they carried arms wherever they went.
Daniel was with David W. Patton in October of 1838 when he took the cannon from the mob. They said they were 400 strong. There were only 100 Mormons. The mob under Captain Bogard had captured three Mormons and threatened to destroy Far West. “I also was with Seymour Brunson when he was surrounded with Bogard’s Company on Log Creek five miles south of Far West. They said they were as sure of us as though they had us, but Br. Brunson was a good officer and he gave them the slip. We took the timber, and they took the prairie and we beat them to Far West five miles. I was betrayed by Colonel George M. Hinkel and gave up my arms when my brethren gave up their arms in Far West. (Colonel George M. Hinkle surrendered the Church leaders and their arms to General Lucas and his mob in November of 1830.) FOOTNOTE 13
Two days later, Daniel records, “I left Far West February the 6, (1839) with my wife and three children (in company with Brother Joseph ) Isaac Morley, J. Allen and Br. Rossen. We camped out 21 nights. I went to Quincy, Illinois. I then moved to Lima, Illinois where I stayed one year, then moved to Nauvoo April the lst, 1840. I lived in Nauvoo to April 1, 1846, and helped to build the temple and paid for a share in the Nauvoo House. (On July 3, 1843, he was sent on a special mission for the Church to Rock Island County, Illinois.) FOOTNOTE 14 During the conference held October 9, 1845, he was appointed to a Utility Committee to sell houses, farms, etc., on Bear Creek, in preparation for leaving Nauvoo. FOOTNOTE 15
“Often Daniel worked with and for the Prophet in what ever way there was things to be done. Even to his dying day, at age 88, when people spoke of the Prophet Joseph Smith and of the trials he had endured for the sake of the Gospel, which the Lord had entrusted him to restore, Daniel wept in memory of him. He felt as near to Joseph Smith as he did to his own brother.” [FOOTNOTE 16] Daniel was called to be a body guard to the prophet.
In early Church History, Daniel was called on missions and later to various settlements. Recorded in the Times and Seasons, we read of some of his missionary work. “At a special conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, held at the Grove, near the Temple on the 3rd and 5th of July, 1843, it was decided that the following elders go on a special mission to the following counties in the State of Illinois…Daniel Allen, Rock Island, Illinois…” FOOTNOTE 17 And another time, “Daniel Allen is listed as leaving Nauvoo 19th September, last (1843) with T. Billings, N. Packer, and L. R. Shirtliff without purse or script with the intention of spending the Winter in holding forth the principles of our religion in New England. FOOTNOTE 18 Bro. Billings and Shirtliff left Bro. Allen at Kirtland, Ohio.” This contained in a letter written by Br. Shirtliff to John Taylor. FOOTNOTE 19 “April 15, 1844 – Nauvoo – Missionary Assignments were given…Daniel Allen to Illinois.” FOOTNOTE 20 “At a Conference held at 2:00 p.m. Wednesday, October 8, 1845, Daniel Allen was appointed on a committee with Nelson Higgin and Samuel Shepherd to sell houses, farms, lots, etc. at Bear Creek.” FOOTNOTE 21
It has been stated, the life of Daniel Allen was spent in the service of the Church wherever he was called. It may well be noted that he was just one year older than the Prophet Joseph Smith. And it is reported that he had close association with him.
It was said that shortly before Joseph Smith was taken to jail that last time, he had gone into the stone shop where the men were working on stones for the temple and he had blessed each and every one of them by the power of the Priesthood. Daniel felt fortunate to have been there at that time and he forever treasured that blessing.
In Nauvoo, he served as a bodyguard to Joseph Smith. At the time the Prophet Joseph said, “I go like a lamb to the slaughter. If I don’t come back boys, take care of yourselves.” Daniel Allen was in that group. FOOTNOTE 22
During this period the Prophet and others were ruthlessly held in the Carthage Jail and guarded by a group called “the Carthage Greys”. Ninety men were called as guards. Thirty men when on at a time and were on for two hours and then off four hours. One evening after Daniel had stood guard, he went out to care for his livestock. As he finished his chores, he had a strange premonition. Upon returning to his house, he told Mary Ann about it.
THE NIGHT CAP
“Such a simple thing, an old-fashioned night cap: so dainty and frivolous too, with its lace and ribbons to tie in a bow under the chin, but it saved an expectant mother from being left a widow and four children fatherless. Great-grandfather, Daniel Allen Jr. was born Dec 9, 1804 in Whitestown, Oneida, New York. Both he and his wife, MaryAnn Morris, were baptized into the Church in 1834. Both worked diligently for the Church.
They sold their farm in Huntsberg and turned the full amount to the Prophet Joseph Smith to redeem Zion and help purchase lands in Jackson County, Missouri, according to the revelations. In 1836 Daniel Allen bought two city lots in Kirtland, Ohio, built a home and boot and shoe shop and acquired $1,600 in property. He helped build the temple and was a shareholder in the Kirtland Bank. All was lost at the time of the persecutions. He then worked for fifty cents a day at Savannah and soon saved enough to rejoin the Saints at Far West, Missouri. In April 1840 Daniel moved his family to Nauvoo, Illinois. During the six years they stayed there, he helped built the Nauvoo Temple and paid for a share in the Nauvoo House. In July of 1834, Joseph Smith assigned him as a special missionary to Rock Island County, Illinois, and at the last conference in Nauvoo, [FOOTNOTE 23] he was selected chairman of a group of three (Dan, Nelson Higgins and Samuel Shepherd) to dispose of houses, lots and farms in Bearcreek District in preparation for leaving that beautiful city. FOOTNOTE 24
During the height of the persecutions, every man connected with the Church, and especially those who dared to stand guard at the jail in Carthage (Illinois), where the Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, had been incarcerated, were in danger of being killed by the ruthless mob. Daniel Allen had been one of the guards; and on this particular evening he felt extremely disturbed. Mary Ann felt there was something special about the prayer that night. Later he spoke queerly to her of the premonition he had had all day. “Mary Ann, I have a feeling the mob will be after me tonight.” “Many who stood guard are already dead. I must find a way to outwit them if I can.” Tucking the children into bed with a good night kiss, his answer came. There on the dresser lay his wife’s night cap. It was not only a frilly white night cap, but perhaps it was life! Mary Ann agreed that it was worth a try and helped to tie it tightly under his chin. He then got into bed with the baby in his arms and a prayer on his lips.
Not long after came a loud pounding on the door. Mary Ann calmly opened it and when the men demanded to see Daniel, she invited them in saying he was not there, but they could search the house if they so desired. After carefully going over the entire house and glancing quickly at the figure in the bed cuddling the sleeping child, they stormed out exclaiming, “There is no one in there, but an old woman in bed with her child.” When all was quiet again, Daniel and Mary Ann knelt and thanked God for their deliverance. FOOTNOTE 25
The Nauvoo Temple was begun in 1839 and built from the stone quarries in the vicinity of the river. The people were never free from persecution. Stress and strain from their enemies was worsened by the dampness of the area. “Many said that building the Nauvoo Temple was about like working with a shovel in one’s hand and a gun in the other.” FOOTNOTE 26 The Nauvoo Temple was completed 7 Mar 1846 just before Daniel and Mary Ann were forced to leave.
When Dan and his committee had completed their assignment to help the Saints dispose of their property near Bear Creek and make preparations for the exodus, they returned to Nauvoo. He told that their eyes swept the cluttered streets, while every fiber ached at sight of friend turned foe. There was much confusion going on all about them. Frustration swept over them as each went their separate direction to their homes, threading their way through the cluttered streets, half fearing what they might find at home. Urging their weary horses homeward, they saw darkened windows, yawning doors revealed dying fires deep in ash, half eaten suppers still on many tables. Torture and wickedness swelled up about Daniel as angry mobs herded men, women and children out into the cold weather. Tell-tale splotches of blood left their crimson mark on the streets. The whole town seemed to be moving toward the ponderous river. He heard the weeping and shouting mingled with the rumbling of iron tires and tramping steeds over hard frozen earth. A shudder twisted his body as Daniel thought of his family, especially his beloved wife. He wondered if the new baby had arrived. The air smelled pungent with burning straw from torches. Dan didn’t stop to unsaddle his horse, but secured the reigns and dashed to the cottage. Droplets of icy breath melted and puddled on the floor where he had dropped his coat over a chair in his haste to check on the welfare of his family.
Anxiously he listened while his wife related the mobs threats of vengeance upon them and that they might return at any time, but Dan breathed a sign of relief to learn that they were at least home, warm and uninjured. He hoped against hope that the mobs would relent awhile until Mary Ann was well enough to travel. But the mobs did not relent. Daily they were in his yard, killing animals, burning sheds and threatening the same would happen to them if they did not “put haste to their heels.” They packed their scant provisions and ventured into the cold. The Allen’s wagon was one of the last three to leave Nauvoo, and those three traveled together for a time, but with poor Mary Ann so ill, their going was slow and rough.
Weaving their way through the sea of torches, the eerie lights showed faces of friends and neighbors turned foe. The cold and exposure weakened Mary Ann’s health. Soon they couldn’t keep up with the other wagons, even the other two they had started with. FOOTNOTE 27
Aside from his faithfulness as a protector of right, and the Prophet, we gather a willingness to follow counsel and advice from the general authorities. FOOTNOTE 28
MARY ANN’S DEATH
The persecutions continued. In March of 1846 Mary Ann had given birth to their sixth child, a son. Shortly after, they were forced to flee from Nauvoo. Not having fully recovered from childbirth and suffering from the effects of the persecution made the exodus from Nauvoo across the Mississippi River in the dead of winter most unbearable. Mary Ann contracted pneumonia and died when they reached Soap Creek. Daniel was left with six children, the infant being just two months old.” FOOTNOTE 29
“I moved to Winter Quarters where I stayed till the next spring then moved to Kanesville where I stayed one year. When I left Nauvoo, my wife was sick. We came on to Boneypart where she took cold. She lived till we came to the head of Soap Creek where she died.” FOOTNOTE 30
She received the Gospel in Geauga County, Ohio, and baptized by the hands of Elder Joel H. Johnson in June 1834. From that time to her death, she was a faithful member of the Church. She never murmured nor complained in all the persecutions she had to pass through for she had a testimony of the Truth of this work for herself. She died as she lived full of faith of a glorious resurrection with the Saints.” FOOTNOTE 31
At the edge of Soap Creek, there was but one other wagon with Dan’s. “Daniel tried to get the men to wait while he went back to a town to get boards to make a coffin, but the man refused to wait, so poor Daniel had no choice but to dig a grave by the roadside. While he was digging it, the children gathered leaves to line it with. Daniel then wrapped his beloved Mary Ann in a sheet and consigned her to her last resting place with the sobs of the broken-hearted family and the howl of the lonely coyotes as the only choir. Daniel never forgot the howl of the coyote, and remarked later in life, how it reminded him of that day. Mary Ann’s last words echoed, for she had said, ‘ We’ll meet again dear love in a better world and I shall wait your coming.’ ” FOOTNOTE 32
The days were long and hard and the miles seemed endless as they trekked toward Winter Quarters. Each time the baby grew hungry, they had to stop, milk the cow behind the wagon, spoon feed it to the infant while it was warm. Nine-year-old Mary Ellen grew fast on that journey, for she later recalled not only helping with the infant, but helping to care for the others as the girls were only 4 and 6 years of age and 11-year old Alma had to care for the loose stock. (LeRoy must have died earlier, probably at Far West.)
The girl’s hair grew tousled daily with only cold streams to wash soiled clothing and bathe. Never was there hot water more than to prepare a meager meal and wash a few dishes. Reaching Winter Quarters was a disappointment. Although some had small log homes, many were living in dug-outs, just a hole in the ground with a shelter built over it. Daniel did his best, and soon they were housed as comfortably as possible. Baby Daniel was not doing well even with the best care that could be given him.
Winter Quarters was made up not only of those who had escaped Nauvoo, but also converts were arriving daily from many states and countries. A group had arrived from Tennessee, which included a Berry family consisting of a father, mother and several young adults. Little baby Daniel was having a difficult time and he died July 1846 only five months old. Dan was having a difficult time and he shared his emotions with the man from Tennessee, Jesse Woods Berry. Jesse told Dan, “Why don’t you get married so to have a wife to help you care for your children?” “Married?” “Why who would have me, a man of my age with these four children?” A voice behind him answered his quarry, “I’ll marry you, Daniel. I’ll marry you and help you raise your children.” It was Louise Jane Berry who made the offer as she was standing near her father.
It was sometime later, but Louise Jane Berry did marry Daniel on 22 Jun 1847 at Kanesville, Summer Quarters. She was 24 years younger than he, being only 19, but she did help care for the three young girls and son, Alma, and they loved her and respected her. Three years had now passed since Joseph Smith’s death, and Brigham Young was instructing the Saints already on their way to Utah.
MARRIED LOUISA JANE BERRY
Brother Daniel Allen was then left with six children, the youngest being only two months old. He lived at Winter Quarters for nearly two years until the Spring of 1848. During this time, he met Louisa Jane Berry, the daughter of Jesse Woods and Amelia Shanks Berry from Kentucky.
“I was married to Louisa Jane Berry in Summer Quarters May 28, 1847 by Elder G. Whicones.” (Another account gives 22 June 1847) In the spring of 1848 he moved his family to Kanesville where they resided until the spring of 1849. Louisa Jane had two children born, John Albert born 16 May 1848 and Cynthia Elizabeth born 22 Feb 1849. John Albert died at Kanesville. “I left Kanesville May 15, 1849 for the Valleys and arrived in Salt Lake City September 22, 1849. Soon after, I arrived in S. L. City, I was thrown from a mule and broke my shoulder bone which laid me up about three months.” (He lived at Big Cottonwood in the Salt Lake Valley for eighteen months)”
In company with the Orson Spencer Company, Samuel Gulley was their captain. The group consisted for about 100 wagons carrying supplies for Livingston and Kinkade besides the pioneers. They reached the Platte River on 5 July, but had to camp there for quite some time as many were ill with cholera. Captain Gulley and several others died there at the river. They arrived in the Salt Lake Valley 22 Sep 1849.
An excerpt from Treasures of Pioneer. History p 291-2 by Kate B. Carter, gives:
“I, Albert King Thurber, was recommended to the Quorum of Seventies by Daniel Allen, my brother-in-law. I was ordained under the hands of Benjamin S. Clapp, and Daniel Allen January 18, 1851 in the Council House in Great Salt Lake City. “This certifies that Albert K. Thurber has been received into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, organized the sixth day of April, 1830 and has been ordained into the Quorum of Seventies this eighteenth day of January 1851 and by virtue of this office he is authorized to preach the gospel and officiate in all the offices thereof in all the world, agreeable to the authority of this Church grant unto this, our brother, this letter of recommendation unto all persons whosoever his lot may be cast, praying for his prosperity in the Redeemer’s Cause. Given under our hands at Great Salt Lake City, Deseret, this seventh day of March 1851,” Joseph Young, President.” FOOTNOTE 33
“I lived on Big Cottonwood two years where I built a dobie house 16 by 24. I then sold out and moved to Salt Lake City in the 12 Ward and went into the tanning business with Samuel Miliner.” (Brother Daniel Allen tanned the first leather in Utah. FOOTNOTE 34 It was while in the 12th Ward that Daniel was called as one of the seven presidents of the Quorum of Seventies. The tannery was called “the Deseret Tannery.” The material needed for their business was scarce at first as shown by the following advertisement in the first issue of the Deseret News:
DESERET TANNERY — WANTED: Beef and horse hides---calf, sheep and dog skins.
Will pay $1.00 for large calf skins free from cuts and damages; for small or damaged hides or skins according to the worth of them. We also want oil from bear, horse, wolf, dog, or from cattle feet. Pine or oak bark and Sumac wanted immediately. Let us have calf skins soon and you can wear summer boots and shoes of home manufacture.
Samuel Mulliner or Daniel Allen Jr.
East Temple Street op Reese’s store
N. V. An apprentice wanted.
See Samuel Mulliner or Daniel Allen Jr.”
It was while Daniel’s family were still living in Big Cottonwood (later Murray) that Alma died, July 1850. They had been in the Salt Lake Valley only ten months. Daniel, me, Thomas Whiteley and his daughter, Sarah, who had immigrated from England.
WINTER OF 1850-51
“During the winter of 1850-51 many emigrants stopped in Great Salt Lake Valley. Some came to accomplish some selfish end, and were baptized into the church. One, Love, a talented man, was baptized by John D. Lee. He visited Berry’s considerably in December and January and conversed on the leading topics of the day and on scientific principles. Made his company engaging, but for nearly the first person in my life, I could not estimate him. I studied him closely, Mother Berry and I talked about him. Did not know whether he was all he pretended, or a villain until one night as he was sitting at one edge of a chest and I at the other, talking on some subject, and I was trying to fathom him. I cast my eyes on him and to my vision I never beheld features blacker or more distorted than his were, even on the most ugly man I ever saw. Says I to myself I have got you know. Told the folks that he was a hard case. He soon was arrested and convicted for stealing watches.
Another man by the name of Brady was in Daniel Allen’s shoe shop. He gave some slants at Mormonism. I took him up and put a check on him. I soon went out. He remarked to those in the shop that I need not take up for the Church. I was nothing but a dammed winter Mormon. He soon went to Mother Berry’s home. I went into the shop and was told what he said. I immediately went to Sister Berry’s which I considered home, and set the door open and told him to leave and keep clear from me. He did so.” FOOTNOTE 35
Daniel Allen owned a shoe shop in Salt Lake City in 1851. He ordained his brother-in-law, John William Berry, a seventy in the Priesthood on January 18, 1851.
Daniel Allen was “married to Sarah Whitley, the daughter of Thomas and Mary Whitley who was born January 6, 1834 in Sheffield, England. FOOTNOTE 36
Daniel Allen married his third wife, Sarah Whitley or Whiteley) in Salt Lake City at the Endowment House 2 July 1854. Sarah was a very petite young lady with an exceptionally beautiful singing voice. She sang much in the choir as well as solo and was much in demand for her lovely voice. She was five and a half years younger than Louisa Jane, but 30 years younger than Daniel when they married. She was his plural wife, which was sanctioned at that time.
When Dan sold out in Big Cottonwood and moved to the 12th ward in downtown Salt Lake, he got two houses, one for each wife.
MANTI, PLEASANT GROVE and PROVO
“ I was in company with them about three years. I then sold out to him for two thousand dollars and moved to (Manti) Sanpete where I followed tanning two years and six months.” It was in Manti where Sarah’s first child, Isaac Thomas, was born 4 Aug 1855. He was named for her only brother and her father. Her brother had joined the English army and gone to South Africa. There, he became the governor General of all South Africa. Also at Manti, Louisa Jane gave birth to Lydia Euphemia on 1 Dec 1855. “ I then sold out to Warren Snow and moved to Pleasant Grove where I intended going into the tanning business and built a dobie (adobe) house 16 by 20. I then sold out to S. Drigs,” in the fall of 1856. “I then moved to Provo where I have been tanning two years. His houses were about where the Provo Post Office later stood. I sold my house and lot to President Kimball for seven hundred dollars and built a house and shop (It was a boot, shoe and harness shop built in connection with a tannery.) in the 4 Ward. I paid about one hundred dollars in the Provo meeting house and paid $50 dollars in the 4th Ward schoolhouse.” While in Provo, Harriet Amelia was born to Sarah 21 Nov 1857 and Thurza Armelia was born to Louisa Jane on 5 Jan 1858. These two girls, who were about six weeks apart, were like twins most of their lives. They were called “Hattie” and “Millie”. The Church house was still standing in 1986 although remodeled, but the schoolhouse was torn down in 1983.
CALLED TO DIXIE
“In Oct the 6th, the year of 1863, I was called to go to the South.” (The Dixie Mission or really the Cotton Mission). I moved my second wife (Sarah Whiteley, actually his third marriage, pronounced with long ‘I”) down to St. George where I got a lot and built a house and went north to Provo after the rest of the family.”
Sarah was especially happy about this move, for it was the first time in her married life she had been alone with just her children and her husband. They had a lovely trip to St. George. Daniel stopped in Parowan for samples of wood for use in tanning. The samples were sent to Salt Lake, so Church authorities could be aware of what to expect in various places. They had a nice trip to St. George and found the weather still comfortably warm there. They planted a bit of garden, a few grape vines and fruit trees about the little one-roomed cottage Daniel built. As soon as they were able, they planted a small cotton patch. Seriously he searched for plants or trees with a good tanning agent in them, but was disappointed when he found nothing suitable. The oose, the kanoga and other native plants were not adequate. He decided to return to Provo to get his family and on the return trip, stopped overnight to rest at Parowan.
On his way to St. George, Daniel saw George Albert Smith in Parowan. He gave Daniel counsel to stop in Parowan and commence tanning. He commenced tanning with Wm. H. Dame in 1864, and they were in partnership one year.
It was a rather hard blow for Sarah to leave the warmth and security of her little cottage in Dixie, where the “summer sun spends the winter”, for Parowan, though only 75 miles northeast, is many degrees colder. After getting both families settled, Daniel built a tannery over the creek and was soon in business. Soon he was put in as foreman of the tanning department of the Parowan United Manufacturing Institution (PUMI), which was a group of industries in one building. He still had his own tanning vats over the creek where he had men working for him for at Parowan he found the best tanning bark in the state so far. He developed a tanning process known a “The Allen Tan” which was used for as long as individual tanning was done.
He then sold out his share to Ebenezer Hanks and Daniel Page for $600 in1865. Brother Allen continued this business until 1880.
“It has been noted with interest that many of the descendants of Daniel Allen and Louisa Jane Berry have a clear understanding of the mothering instincts of Louisa Jane Berry Allen. Not only did she marry Daniel after his first wife had died leaving him with five small children, but she eventually had eleven children of her own. She was a good housekeeper and hard worker. Because of Sarah’s petite stature and frail health, Louisa Jane also mothered her children.
It was Louisa Jane Allen who cared for thirteen spared children after the Mountain Meadows Massacre in 1857, until other arrangements could be made. The story was related to grandson, Daniel Wilcock that one day while shopping in Cedar City, one of the children tugged at Dan’s coat to get his attention while anxiously screaming, “Papa’s horse, Papa’s horse.” Daniel stopped the wagon, and in a split second the child bounded down from the wagon, running toward the horse, hoping to find the father, but instead, saw John D. Lee astride the black stallion. Louisa Jane Allen’s home was always industrious. Daniel Allen’s third plural wife, Sarah also visited with her two infants which truly would make a home full of children. The older ones helped watch and care for the younger ones as Indian troubles continued to give the pioneers troubles. FOOTNOTE 37
It was said that Daniel would not vocally render an opinion on the Mountain Meadow Massacre issue, regarding the guilt or innocence of John D. Lee. Inasmuch as Louisa Jane Berry’s brothers and family had been killed by Indians, and they kept the “children too young to tell tales,” but family sensed an uneasiness about him as though there was little trust.
Daniel and Sarah Whitely Allen were living in Parowan. Mrs. Allen was trying to make their youngest daughter, Annie, a dress. In those days, patterns were not available and the mother was pondering over how to make the dress when Daniel came in. He took a paper and said, “I’ll cut you a pattern.” He not only cut the pattern, but he cut the material and sewed the whole dress. Years later the style became one of our modern fashions called “the butterfly.” FOOTNOTE 38
In 1864 Panguitch was settled and many men were called from Parowan to settle there. Daniel didn’t take either of his families, but went with other men to check out the possibilities of the area. He accompanied William Williamson, Morgan Richards, William Wilcock, William Holyoak, Joseph K. Paramore and possibly others. These men all took up land along the Sevier River, but to avoid Indian attacks, they returned to Parowan for their safety. On 22 Mar 1866 G. G. Smith issued a notice to all the men who had not returned to the lands they had started laying claim to. The notice stated that the men owned land in the Panguitch area, but were still absent, pending on the other settlers to defend their property during the Indian War. Mr. Smith asked that those men who owned property either return to the area to defend their premises or submit to such measures as may have to be taken because those who did return should not have to bear the expense incident to the Indian Campaign. Mot of the above listed men had not returned including Daniel. He let the property go back to the government, as he was too busy elsewhere.
At Parowan Louisa Jane’s last three children were born and Sarah’s last six. This made eleven children for Louisa Jane and nine for Sarah. (In 1986 there were five grandchildren living, they were children of Frederick and Hyrum and three of Annie, the last child).
ESCALANTE, THE LAST CALL
Men exploring the regions to the East of Parowan had discovered a valley where the climate was milder and were beginning to start a settlement at Potato Valley, which was later named Escalante. Daniel and his wives thought their moving days were over, for he had answered the call at least nine times besides filling three missions. His youngest child (#26) was just five years old. Several of the older ones were married, but in 1880 he received his last church calling to move to a new area and build up his leather tanning and boot business. He was 76 years old, but the call came and he answered. Daniel was always a very meticulous person in his work and in his dealings. The tannery Daniel built in Parowan in 1864 ran until 1927, when it was torn down and a home built on the property.
Daniel sold all he owned and then moved his family to Escalante, Garfield County, Utah in 1881. At this time, his family consisted of wives, Louisa Jane and Sarah, eight sons and four daughters. FOOTNOTE 39 Here again he operated a tannery. He also bought two homes as all of Sarah’ children went except Hattie, who was married and had a son the age of her little sister Annie. Also, Louisa Jane had two married daughters with husbands and all the boys not married. Those listed in “Parowan, mother town” were: Annie, Fred, David, Hyrum, James, Cynthia with husband Samuel Rogers, Lydia and husband Edward Wilcock, Robert and James.”
Daniel built a tanning shop and space for making his leather goods near the river. The two homes were a few blocks apart. He spent time in each place. He especially loved to listen to Sarah read, for she was a good reader and had some of the best books available. Daniel was old and tired by now, but he found he could visit any country in the world, see all the foreign places through the eyes of the authors as Sarah read to him the books know as “Dime Novels”, but which are really the classics of today. She read Ben Hur, Scarlet Letter, poetry and the Standard Works. Daniel’s family had grown to 26 children of which 17 were still alive. Cynthia was never able to have a family, nor did James.
Escalante’s climate grew most items. Fruit trees, gardens, lumber as well as cattle needed care for preserving.
SARAH BECOMES LONEY AND ILL
In the fall of 1891, Sarah became very lonely for her daughter, Harriet whom she had not seen for quite a long time. Harriet lived in Parowan. Her son George went by horseback to see his folks at Escalante, but Harriet couldn’t ride that far on a horse. Someone took her to Parowan in a wagon where she enjoyed visiting for some time, but her failing health continued to worsen. She became afraid she was going to die and wanted to go back home to be near her beloved husband when that happened. A bed was made in a wagon and she was taken the many long miles back to Escalante to be near her husband. She soon passed away and was buried in the Escalante Cemetery. Cause of death was listed as quick consumption, sort of pneumonia. She passed away 3 January 1892, just two days before her 58th birthday.
DANIEL BECOMES ILL
Although 87, Daniel appeared to be in good health. He attended Sarah’s funeral on the 5th, spoke in the Sunday service on the 7th and it was said he gave “an excellent sermon”. That January day was a very chilly one. The church had but one small stove. As the stand where Daniel sat was near the door, he became very cold. On the 8th, he took with the chills and fever, and it became necessary to put him to bed. He lived but a few days. He called for his children and admonished them to stay close to the Church and never leave it. He then sat up in his bed, stretched out his arms and said, “Wait for me Sarah. We’ll go in together”. He laid back on his pillow and was gone.
Daniel Allen died January 15, 1892. At the age of eighty seven years, one month and six days. On the morning of the 8th between noon and one o’clock he was seized with a severe chill, which confined him to his bed until he passed away. Just before his death he called his children to his bedside and exhorted them to remain faithful to the Church and honor the Priesthood, to those children not present, he sent word for them to obey the same counsel. He then asked his family to release him for his mission was filled. FOOTNOTE 40
He was the father of twenty six children (16 sons and 10 daughters). He now leaves a wife, seventeen children, sixty grandchildren and about forty great grandchildren. Brother Allen retained his mental faculties then to the last. He called his family to his bedside encouraging them to remain faithful to the Church and honor the Priesthood and send word to those of his children not present to obey the same course, and asked them as his family to release him, for his mission was filled. FOOTNOTE 41
WALKING BOOK ALLEN
Evidently, Daniel Allen was well versed on the subject of the Gospel and knew the Standard Works well. Daniel Allen and his family were so very well read on the Bible and Book of Mormon when they were in a small settlement in Idaho, a non-Mormon heard his name was Allen and so he came to him and asked, “Are you the Walking Bible and Book of Mormon Allen?” Daniel’s son, Isaac said, “I didn’t know that Father was called such a name, but he does know enough about these Books to expose them every chance he gets.” FOOTNOTE 42
Upon hearing this, it was recalled by family that he memorized the Book of Mormon cover to cover. He realized that the Golden Plates had been returned to the heavens, and was afraid the mobs would destroy the written records, so he memorized them. He knew that he could recite them in Utah, and republish the precious records.
His Grandson and namesake, Daniel Wilcock, was taught at an early child to recite full books of scripture. He often answered questions, by reciting verses.
We gain insight to Daniel Allen’ philosophy of life and knowledge from the Book, “Parowan and Iron County Biographies.” Morgan Richards mentions that while teaching school in Parowan he had most of the children in the town and specifically mentioned the families, of which Daniel’s children were one. FOOTNOTE 43
A School of the Prophets, patterned after the one in Kirtland, was established in Nauvoo, and Daniel Allen was affiliated with it. [FOOTNOTE 44] On one occasion he (Daniel) mentioned, “This is the place to get knowledge.” FOOTNOTE 45
Years later, a School of the Prophets was established in Parowan, Utah. From the Minutes of the School of the Prophets held at Parowan, under the date of July 27, 1872, the following is recorded about Daniel Allen: “Daniel Allen, having had long experience in the Church, referred to some early incidents. He said no Bank in the United States was ever established upon a better foundation, than the Kirtland Safety Society’s Bank. Warren Parrish was the cashier, and when the Prophet Joseph, who was the president of the bank, went to Canada to raise some money, he instructed Parrish not to issue a dollar in notes, while he was gone. But Parrish fraudulently issued notes as fast as he could and thus broke the bank. The present object of our enemies is to destroy the Priesthood, and polygamy is the baby that is made use of. It looks as though the Devil prompted our enemies to try to get us out of everything we possess.”FOOTNOTE 46
Again on the Gospel and from the Minutes from the School of the Prophets, August 17, 1872, it is recorded, “Daniel Allen said that the Savior told the Jews that their homes should be left desolate until the time of the Gentiles should come in. I heard the Prophet say that he had seen John the Revelator and had a long conversation with him. He told him that he was the Prophet - leader and Priest among the Ten Tribes and that he was preparing them to return, and further said that there is a mighty host of us. The Prophet Joseph said, that men might hunt for them, but they could not find them, for they were upon portion of this planet that had been broken off and taken away and the sea rushed in between Europe and America and that when that place returned there would be a great shake, the sea would then move to the north where it belonged in the morning of creation. FOOTNOTE 47
The feeling was conveyed to Joseph Allen, great grandson, as he wrote his research paper that Daniel Allen was a great loyal friend to the Prophet Joseph Smith. One more item should be mentioned and that is in connection with Daniel Allen’s trip west. Daniel Allen is listed as being in Orson Spencer’s Company of 1849. His children came from Winter Quarters with him. Of the Happenings a letter was written to Brother Orson Pratt and recorded in the Morning Star, Vol. 2 page 346, “We are composed of the Yankees, English, Welsh, Norwegians, and etc. Yet we are one, although of different dialects and nations. The English are doing first rate as also the Welsh. They are well fitted out with teams and provisions: are in good spirits, are joyful and make the camp resound with the Songs of Zion in the evening after caroling.” FOOTNOTE 48
Under the leadership of Orson Spencer and Allen Taylor, Silas Richards, George A. (Albert) Smith, Ezra T. Bensen and individual companies and the Mormon Battalion, there were about 1400 people and 500 wagons.
NO ****** HAIR
The fear of violence was left behind in Nauvoo, but the precious night cap held its rightful place upon his head in his lifetime. Not far from fear, but from respect for his first wife’s humble plea that fateful night so long ago, when she said, “wear it always, Daniel for it too, shall be your shield.”
One family trait has been attributed to Daniel Allen is the fact that the men have little ****** or chest hair. It is believed that Daniel could not have had a beard or trace of one, or the night cap would not have disguised him as a woman. This trait was handed down to many of the descending men.
A Deed in the Iron County Courthouse from Daniel Allen and wife to United Order of Parowan 31 Mar 1876, certain land filed for record 11 Apr 1876 Deed Book C page 371. William H. Dame, Recorder; for Iron County, Utah, before Louis R. Chaffin, Notary Public.
When Daniel moved his family to Escalante, it was a new community, having been settled in 1876, just five years prior. Daniel had a large log home built on the Creek bank where Louisa Jane and her children lived, and a second frame and adobe home built several blocks away for Sarah Whitley and her children. The first home is on a dead-end street at 400 North Center Street. It was given to granddaughter Isabel Spencer Christensen and later her grandson, Gregg Christensen, who owned it in 1990. The second home was stuccoed with whitewash and remains at 200 East 100 South. It was purchased by Dee Haws.
Joseph Allen, the Seventh child of Daniel Allen, Sr. was in a posse which chased two bank robbers into the mountains. The robbers were surrounded, and gun fire ensued. Joseph Allen was shot by the ball of one of the bandit’s pistols, breaking his leg. Himself killing one of the bandits, the other gave up.
Joseph Allen subsequently had his leg amputated, and received $350 of the $500 reward, for the capture of Maxwell and about $1,000 from the State of Utah. The bank paid for the doctor’s services.
Joseph, the son of Daniel, and his wife, Lucy, were called to settle the Muddy River mission or valley. The call came in 1865. They settled 90 miles from St. George. Joseph had two families at the time. His family and his sister, Maria and Peter. Joseph’s children were Isaac-17, Albert-15, Elnora-9, Simeon-7, plus he had three older married daughters.
They settled the land, starting out from scratch
Building homes, planting fields, and other necessary chores. For six years, they lived in good harmony. However when Nevada became a state, they wanted to tax Joseph’s people for all the years they lived on the land. This was greatly unjust, so in 1871, Brigham Young said, “Come away, let them have the land.” Thus, they departed leaving there lucious fields of grain and corn, and gardens. FOOTNOTE 49
Children of Daniel Allen and Mary Ann Morris,
(1) LeRoy Allen
(2) Alma Allen
(3) Mary Ann Ellen Allen
(4) Diantha Allen
(5) Eliza Ann Allen
Second wife, Louisa Jane Berry and children:
(7) John Albert Allen
(8)Cynthia Elizabeth Allen
(9)Orson William Allen
(10)Robert Preston Allen
(11)Lydia Euphemia Allen
(12)Thurza Armelia Allen
(13)Daniel James Allen
(14)Joseph Smith Allen
(15)Samuel Alonzo Allen
(16)Louisa Artimicia Allen
(17)John William Allen
Third wife, Sarah Whitley and children:
(18)Isaac Thomas Allen
(19)Harriet Armelia Allen
(20)David Albert Allen
(21)Hyrum Beal Allen
(22)Joseph Ephraim Allen
(23)Frederick Augustus Allen
(24)James Alexander Allen
(26)Annie Lovinna Allen
Father of Daniel Allen - Dr. Daniel Allen
Mother of Daniel Allen – Nancy or Agnes Stewart
Brothers and Sisters of Daniel Allen: Lydia Allen, John Allen, Rachel Allen, Rebecca Allen, Ruth Allen, Daniel Allen (self), Joseph Stewart Allen, Calcine E. Diantha Allen, Albert Loomis Allen, and Diademia Amanda Allen. FOOTNOTE 50
Microfiche 6831596 page 504 Early Members of the LDS Church)
Born 12/9/1804 ref: 1 and 2
Place: Oneida New York ref: 1 and 2
Father: Daniel Allen ref: A Profile of..camp 1830-1839, Backman, Jr. Milton V.
Mother: Nancy Stewart variant: Agnes Stewart ref: 2
Marriage: Mary Ann Morris ref 2
At: Cayuga, New York 10/06/1828 also given as 10/06/1831
Children: LeRoy, Alma, Mary Ann, Diantha, Eliza, Daniel
Marriage 2: Louisa Jane Berry variant: Eliza Jane ref: TIB and 2
At: Winter Quarters, Douglas, Nebraska 6/22/1847
She was born 1 Dec 1828 Louisville, Jefferson, Kentucky Ref: TIB Nauvoo No 2654 Book A p 354
Daughter of Jesse Woods Berry and Armelia Shanks
She died 26 Jjul 1902 Escalante, Garfield, Utah. Burial: Escalante City Cemetery
Children: Cynthia, Orson, Robert, Joseph, Millie, Lydia, Samuel, Artimicia, John
Marriage 3: Sarah Whitley TIB and 2 or Whiteley
At Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah USA ref 2
Children: Isaac, David, Harriet, Hyrum, Fred, James, Anna
Death Date 1/15/1892 ref 2
At: Escalante, Garfield, Utah
Kirtland, Lake, Ohio ref: Mormon manuscripts to 1846 Andrus, Hyrum
Far West, Caldwell, Missouri ref: above
Hancock, Illinois ref above
1847 Winter Quarters, Douglas, Nebraska
9/22/1849 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah
Shoemaker ref: Utah Federal Census
Tanner ref: 2
Merchant ref: 2
Baptism: 6/00/1834 TIB officiator: Joel H. Johnson ref: Early Church files
8/28/1967 TIB Salt Lake City
Endowment: Nauvoo, Hancock, Illinois 1/24/1846
Sealed to spouse: 7/2/1854 TIB
Ordained: Seventy 10/08/1845 ref: Nauvoo Temple Endowment records, register 1845-46
Early Church files
1. Daniel served mission in 1862 to “Dixie”, Washington, Utah.
2. Daniel fought in the Black Hawk Indian War
3. Worked on the Nauvoo Temple
4. Was the first one who tanned leather in Utah
5. Family home was located in Salt Lake City
6. Came to Utah 22 Sep 1849
7. Daniel was on a committee appointed at a general conference of the Church to sell land in Camp Creek, Hancock, Illinois. Ref: A comprehensive history of the Church, B. H. Roberts, Vol. 2 p 513.
8. Daniel sold his farm and donated the money earned from it to Joseph Smith, Jr.
9. Daniel later established a business in Kirtland, Ohio. Ref: Mormon manuscripts to 1846, Hyrum Andrus 1977.
10. Daniel subscribed to the constitution of the Kirtland Camp. Ref: signers of the Kirtland Camp Constitution, Mar 1838. History of the Church, Joseph Smith Vol. 3 page 92.
11. Daniel had $500 in real wealth in 1850; ref: Utah federal census 1851.
12. Daniel paid Nauvoo City taxes sometime between 1841-1844. Ref: Illinois, Nauvoo City tax lists 1841-1844
13. Daniel has a biography and a copy of this biography can be found in the Brigham Young University, Harold B. Lee Library.
14. Sarah Whiteley, daughter of Thomas Whiteley of Sheffield, Yorks, England and Mary Lbeal married 2 July 1854 in SL Endowment House by Brigham Young. Left England 10 Jan 1853 on ship “Argo” with Jetter Clinton as leader. Arrived Council Bluffs and stayed 2 years. Arrived SLC 15 Sep 1853. Died 3 Jan 1892 Escalante, Utah.
(By Kenneth R. Allen (1947-), a great-great grandson is an attorney practicing intellectual property law in Palo Alto, California. Since 1975 he has lived at 3784 Grove Ave, Palo Alto, CA 94303 (650-494-8868) The author acknowledges the research and editorial contributions of Hayle Buchanan (1925-), a great grandson, who is Professor Emeritus of Botany at Weber State University (home 3068 North 1050 East, North Ogden, UT 84414, 801-782-7237). Other contributors were Nello Orson Allen, late of Springfield, Oregon (1925-2001), son of David Adams Allen, and Charles Irwin Davis of Eureka, California.)
The author acknowledges the contributions of Ila Lowe Bauer’s story, “Daniel Allen, Jr. 1804-1892, His was the Last Wagon to Leave Nauvoo 1846. This paper is the lengthiest of several papers by Ila Bauer. While it contains much adulation, many speculations and errors (including a representation that Daniel Allen was the last family to leave Nauvoo), it served as a useful outline for this biography. Much of the color of this story is borrowed from Bauer’s writings. Ila Lowe Bauer was the granddaughter of George Alma Lowe and Harriet Amelia Allen, whose stories formed the basis of many of the Ila Bauer stories.
It was a cold winter’s day in the heavily forested frontier wilderness of Upstate New York where Daniel Allen, Jr., was born 9 Dec 1804 to Daniel Allen, Sr., and his wife Nancy Stewart Allen. Whitestown, Onieda County, New York was just one more village of settlers near Utica in the expanding young country. The village was also called White’s Town and later became the Whitesboro neighborhood of northwest Utica, New York, not far from present-day Cornell University.
Daniel, Jr., was the sixth of ten children born to his parents. Lydia, John, Rachel, Rebecca, and Ruth preceded him. Joseph Stewart, Caroline Dianthia (or Diantha), Albert Loomis and Diodema Amanda were his younger siblings. He and his brother Joseph shared much and became very close. Their lives followed a Great Movement to found a city on the Mississippi and a unique colony in the Great Basin. All that is known of Lydia is that she married Harry Reddington.
Daniel, Sr. was born a few days journey eastward in the forested Berkshire Mountains at Lenox, Massachusetts 25 July 1770. (Vital statistics of Lenox, Berkshire County, Massachusetts call no. GS film 31084 as transcribed by Nettie H. Dennett of Provo, Utah. Selma Bromley also accepted this date.) Daniel Sr.’s parents were Joseph Allen born 17 April 1738 and, no doubt, christened 23 April 1738, as records throughout the family differ between the two dates, and Rachel Allen who died shortly after his birth. (Nauvoo Temple Baptism records 1841, Book A., PP 5 and 6). (Other sources are Irene B. Wrigley, “David Allen of Weston, Stockbridge, Claverack and Nobletown,” The Genealogical Society of Utah, Vol. 17, 1988/89, No. 1 and 2 p 9)
Rachel is probably Rachael Loomis, since one of the sons of Dr. Daniel is named Albert Loomis Allen. There is a Racael Loomis, daughter of Benjamin Loomis (1698-9) born in Windsor, Hartford County, Connecticut 5 August 1735, but no marriage record has yet been uncovered.
The Allen ancestry traces from English-born Walter Allen (born about 1601 and his first wife, Rebecca, who were among the first settlers of Watertown and Newborn (Newbury), Massachusetts (Allen. H. Bent, Walter Allen of Newbury, Mass. 1640 & Some Descendants, 66 pp. 1896 reprint from Higginson Book Publishers, 2001.GS Film 1012636) and who came to America in about 1640. Daniel’s father, was Joseph (b 1738 in Salisbury, Litchfield, Connecticut; grandfather David (born 1714 in Weston, Massachusetts), and great grandfather Joseph born 1677 in Newbury, Massachusetts and great-great grandfather Joseph born about 1638 of Newbury, Massachusetts, son of Walter.
Daniel was living in the rugged thick hardwood-covered hills north of Greenfield, Massachusetts in the tiny village of Colrain when he met his bride to be. It is speculated that he was in an apprenticeship to become a doctor, not uncommon at the time, as no record of his medical school training was found among medical schools of New York and New England, including those at nearby Dartmouth, Harvard and New York. A young country doctor-to-be like Daniel was undoubtedly a good match for the debutante daughter of a prominent family of the New England frontier. The traveling minister Rev. Samuel Taggart married Miss Nancy Stewart and Mr. Daniel Allen on 12 February 1793 at the church in Colrain. Her family at that time lived in nearby Shelburne Falls, in the township of Shelburne. (The Greenfield Gazette, February 28, 1793, Microfilm, offices of the newspaper Greenfield Recorder, Greenfield, Massachusetts) Nancy’s father was Lt. John Stewart known as “Windham John,” as he had come from Windham, Rockingham County, New Hampshire to settle first in “Colerain” sometime after 1775. It was at Windham where Lt. John had married his first cousin, Rebecca Stewart and where Nancy was born. Lt. John was the son of John Stewart, Sr. and Rebecca Costa (widow of Robert Patten). The Stewarts were among the first sixteen settlers of Londonderry, New Hampshire. (“The Stewart Story,” unpublished typescript by Ramona Anderson Chamberlain, daughter of Amy Deslie Lowe and Neils Albert Anderson, granddaughter of George Alma Lowe and Harriet Armelia Allen.)
The Stewart family derived its name from Walter a steward or servant to royalty. Walter’s descendant Robert (born 1655) was a “Covenanter” pledged to defend the Scottish Church against the army of England’s King Charles II, who wanted to force the Scots to convert to Roman Catholicism. The Covenanters lost to the English in the Battle of Bothwell Bridge (about 1688), so Robert took his family, including his young son John and fled to Northern Ireland. From there, John immigrated to America, landing at Boston, and eventually settling in Londonderry, New Hampshire.
MEDICAL PRACTICE of Daniel’s Father
Dr. Daniel Allen was evidently one of the first medical doctors in upstate New York. Although he was likely well read and educated, as a country doctor he surely found money scarce. He lived in a time and place influenced by witchery and quackery, where people were hesitant to pay for medical services that could be handled by home remedies and charms. As evidence of difficult times, it is noted that he moved his family often. He began his own practice in Hamburg, New York in 1807, then soon moved his family to Chatauqua county, New York, where the family lived during the War of 1812. He served his country as a soldier, traveling to the city of Buffalo, New York, after its burning by the British to assist in recovery. After his duty in Buffalo, he moved his family to Erie County, Pennsylvania, where they lived for ten years. (Allen, Joseph L. “Daniel Allen-Pioneer, A Comparison of Events, Facts, and Anecdotes in the Life of Daniel Allen.” Unpublished term paper for BYU Church History 668, July 1964. Probably contained in Mormon Manuscripts to 1846, Andrus, Hyrum 1977.)
(A paper prepared for Hyrum Andrus’s class contains a transcript of one of Daniel’s stories of his life written by himself in an account book in about 1860, with the last entry evidently about an event in 1865. It includes a collection of reports of Daniel’s experiences in various reports as well as an account of his Schools of Prophets: Kirtland, Nauvoo and Parowan, and some of his teachings. Joseph is the son of Berry Allen, son of Daniel Joseph Allen (Jode.) He interviewed Louisa Buchanan, Christina Teeples, Jesse R. Allen, Clyde Spencer, Daniel Wilcock, Deslie Lowe Anderson and Mary Lyman, all of whom were living grandchildren of Daniel Allen (in 1964). He reported to Hayle Buchanan that Mary Lyman had told him the following: “A number of years ago, after the death of Daniel Allen in 1892, some of the family members became involved with a Bible owned by the deceased. An argument resulted, and one of the members carried the Bible away. Some years later the Bible was seen in a home in Bicknell, Wayne County, Utah. But the disappointing observation was the fact that possibly part of the Bible had been torn out, that being the journal of Daniel Allen, written by his own hand.” Joseph L. Allen quotes from the “Daniel Allen Book”, which he said was written while Daniel Allen lived in Provo (1857-1863), and that he copied it as written, changing nothing, not even the spelling. While his papers contains the best known record of Daniel Allen’s own story. Evidently Sarah Whitley’s descendants had this early account book journal, and Joseph Allen probably copied it either from the original or a copy.)
Their last child, Diodema Amanda Allen was born in 1818 in Fairview, Erie County, Pennsylvania. In about 1824, Dr. Daniel Allen moved his family from Erie, Pennsylvania to Montville, Geauga County, Ohio, where he and his wife remained the rest of their lives. Most records indicated that both Dr. and Mrs. Allen passed away in 1856. Descendants of the family still live in the area.
(Diodema Amanda was the last surviving child of her generation, she died in 1901, the widow of Dr. Benjamin K. Morris who practice was evidently in southwestern Ohio and southeastern Indiana.) (Edward Wilcock, “Death of a Faithful Veteran” Obituary, Deseret News, January 1892, Film 920#1 Brigham Young University Library, gives the death of both parents as 1854. J. L. Allen records Daniel Jr. recorded in his account book journal the death of his father as being “in the yeare 1856”. As to the death of his mother, he reported: “August mother died.”
OHIO: CAREER, MARRIAGE AND CONVERSION
Daniel, Jr., lived with his family in Ohio until his marriage, learning a valuable trade. He was probably apprenticed first in Pennsylvania and later became a master at shoemaking, harness-making and leather crafts, working from the hides of animals to finished products. His complete understanding of the art of tanning to shoemaking served him well. His shoes, boots, harnesses, saddles, and bridles were in such demand no matter where he went, that he was able to maintain a respectable living for his family and support the causes close to his heart. Little did he know that he would pioneer the mountain west with tanneries wherever he was directed to settle.
Daniel’s father, Dr. Daniel had practiced in Hamburg, New York in 1807. It is possible that the family of Baldwin Morris were acquaintances there. Although Mary Ann Morris was born 11 June 1813 in Hamburg, Niagara, New York to Baldwin Morris and Eleanor Richardson Morris, which was after the War of 1812, the family may have renewed ties in Geauga, Ohio where Daniel Jr. courted Mary Ann.
Daniel and his young sweetheart Mary Ann Morris married in Geauga County, Ohio on October 6, 1828. (Three different marriage dates have been reported. Allen, J. L. quoting Daniel’s story: “I was mared to Maryann Morris in October the 6 1828.” Edward Wilcock records: “Brother Daniel Allen was married to his first wife, Mary Ann Morris, October 6, 1828, in Cayuga [sic] Co., Ohio” Mary Ann was fifteen years old. Ila Bauer’s appendix “Families of Daniel Allen and his three wives” lists a third marriage date as 6 Jan 1831 ( Marriage Rec.) The following document attests to the marriage. “Stephen Kelsey personally appeared and made his application for Daniel Allen and Mary Ann Morris of the township of Montville in the said county and made solemn oath that she said Daniel Allen is of the age of 21 years and the said Mary Ann Morris is of the age of 18 years and that they are both single and not nearer of kin than first cousins, that he knows of no legal impediment against their being joined in marriage. Signed, Stephen Kelsey. Sworn and subscribed this 5th day of October 1831.” (Vital Rec. of Ohio, Microfilm F-Ohio G 6 pt 3 BK E-F.)
Early in 1830, Joseph Smith in rural New York officially organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It was a time of great utopian movements in the northern states and Canada. The Latter-day Saint movement won the hearts of many seeking the True Church of Christ and a better life. Converts gathered in nearby Kirtland, Ohio, having sent out missionaries to gather the faithful and seeking. Daniel’s younger brother, Joseph Stewart Allen had joined the Saints during the time the family lived at Thompson, Geauga County, Ohio, in February 1831. Both Daniel and his wife Mary Ann followed his example. In June 1834, Joel Hills Johnson, an early leader and missionary baptized them. Joseph Stewart joined Zion’s Camp, the expedition to Missouri led by the prophet leader Joseph Smith. This arduous journey became the training camp during which many of the most faithful early Church leaders proved their meddle.
During the years that the Allen families lived in Ohio, many things happened which shaped their future. Soon after Daniel and Mary Ann joined the Church, Daniel sold his 40-acre farm in Huntsburg for $600 and turned the proceeds over to Joseph Smith to help “redeem Zion.” That is, to purchase lands in Jackson County, Missouri, as well as to build a temple at Kirtland. (This was a quote from Daniel Allen’s account book journal, as copied by Allen, J. L. ibid.)
In 1836 Daniel moved his family into Kirtland to be near the temple as it was being built. Borrowing money, he bought two city lots from Joseph Smith valued at $400 and built himself a frame home and a boot and shoe shop. Daniel also worked on the construction of the temple, in addition to his work as a cobbler and leather craftsman. It was said that the women gave their jewelry to be sold for the building of the temple, that their best china and glass dishes were willingly crushed and added to the plaster that covered the exterior walls. The Kirtland Temple, large and glorious by frontier standards, was completed and dedicated in 1836, becoming the site from which came reports of marvelous manifestations that ushered in a millennial new dispensation. (LDS Messenger and Advocate, Kirtland, Ohio 1834-37.)
Daniel lived for his family. Daniel and Mary Ann had six children. The two oldest were born at Montville, Geauga County, Ohio: LeRoy born 28 March 1833, and Alma born 12 Dec 1835. Mary Ann Ellen was born in Kirtland 10 March 1837. The remaining children were born in Illinois.
The frontier was bustling with expansion, and cash was tight. Much speculation was wrapped up in land, and banks were few. From his earnings, Daniel invested $1000 as a shareholder in the Kirtland Safety Society, a private bank funded by and for the Saints. The deposits were secured by the properties owned by the Saints. (Jensen, Andrew, Church Chronology, 289.209, J453c, hereafter Journal history, 2 Jan 1837, Signers of the Charter Members of the Kirtland Safety Society, Film #1259733)
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ FOOTNOTES ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1. Taken from a History, Daniel Allen Jr. 9 Dec 1804-15 Jan 1892 by Ila Lowe Bauer, great-grand-daughter 1986.
2. Agnefs Stewart Certified Copy of Birth, State of New Hampshire, Bureau of Vital Statistics,
received 3 Oct 1961 -
"Agnefs born 4 Aug 1771 Windham. Daughter of John Stewart and Rebecca.
John Stewart - John born 22 Sep 1743 son of John Stewart and Rebecca."
(Thus, the correct date is 1771, not 1772) NOTE “f” was used by scribes in place of ss or 2 “s”.
(Agnes or Nancy Stewart md. (Dr.) Daniel Allen 12 Feb 1793 in Colrain, MA not 12 Sep
3. Daniel Allen’s Account Book
4. Williams Brothers, ed., History of Geauga and Lake Counties, Ohio (Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott & Co. Press, 1878) p 204. As quoted in history “the Life of Daniel Allen” by Joyce Owen.
5. Joseph L. Allen, great-great grandson, July 1964, Church History 668. Instructor: Hyrum Andrews.
A compilation of events, facts, and anecdotes on the life of Daniel Allen. It is difficult indeed, to attempt to gather all known facts, in the short time allotted for a research paper of this nature, of a man who lived such an active life as Daniel Allen appeared to live. It is interesting to search the records and visit with relatives to bring into focus events, facts, and anecdotes of a Mormon Pioneer.
This paper is not intended to be exhausted in nature, but rather to collect written material that this writer has come across. It is also hoped that this may be an initiation to a great study on the man, Daniel Allen.
The writer is very appreciative to those people who have written about Daniel Allen, and he is also grateful to those people with whom he has visited in connection with the said, Daniel Allen. Inasmuch as this is a collection of things written, there will be some overlapping. At the time of this writing, there are still a good number of Daniel Allen’s grandchildren still living. The writer would have liked to visited all of them, but nevertheless is grateful for information he has received from the following grandchildren, both directly and indirectly: Mary Lyman, Jesse Allen, Louisa Buchanan, Christena Teeples, J. Clyde Spencer, Daniel Wilcock, and Deslie Lowe Anderson.
A number of years ago and after the death of Daniel Allen in 1892, some of the family members became involved with a Bible owned by the deceased. An argument resulted and one of the members carried the Bible away. Some years later, the Bible was seen in a home at Bicknell, Wayne, Utah, but the disappointing observation was the fact that possibly the most valuable parts of the Bible had been torn out; that being the journal of Daniel Allen, written in his own hand.
However, while living in Provo and operating a tannery, Daniel Allen wrote a brief history of his life which is included.
6. Excerpts from other histories entered into script with spelling corrections, punctuation and clarification added.
7. Our Pioneer Heritage, Kate B. Carter, Vol. 16, 1973, p. 427.
8. History, The Life of Daniel Allen” by Joyce Owen.
9. ALLEN, Mary Ann; 9 Jun 1842; Mary Ann MORRIS; b. 11 Jun 1813, Hamburg,
Erie, New York; parents Baldwin MORRIS and Eleanor RICHARDSON; m. 6
Oct 1828, Cayuga County, New York, to Daniel ALLEN; d. 20 Mar 1846,
Winter Quarters, Douglas, Nebraska.
The description of the marriage was evidently in Geauga County, Ohio, where both families
then lived. The death date 20 Mar 1846 and place at Winter Quarters are not consistent with
Daniel Allen’s biography, which reports the family left Nauvoo 1 April 1846.
10. Daniel Allen, Account Book.
11. Joseph Stewart Allen birth date confirmation:
[LDS Record of Members, Manti, Utah FHL microfilm 026,129 p.44. Born 25 June 1806
Whitestown, Oneida, New York; died 25 April 1889 Huntington, Emery, Utah: Huntington Ward Records and Obituary Notice. FHL microfilm 026,020. (This birth date is also as reported in "Autobiography of Brother Joseph S. Allen," October 1, 1867. See also,
<************************************************************** 9 June 2002>. However, AR incorrectly lists birth 25 June 1810 and FHL Film#289-n226n Endowment Register incorrectly gave birth as 25 June 1808.)], Mary Ann Morris Allen death is “at the Head of Soap Creek,” Iowa after 1 April 1846. From secondary sources, Maurine Carr Ward reported in “This Institution Is a Good One”: The Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, 17 March 1842 to 16 March 1844, Mormon Historical Studies, Fall 2002, Page 87: Roll of the Nauvoo Relief Society
12. Joseph Smith, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (7 Vols. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Co., 1967, III, p 92.)
13. Smith, History of the Church.
14. Smith, History of the Church vol. V, p 495.
15. Smith, History of the Church, vol. VII, p 474.
16. History by Ila L. Bauer, page 6.
17. Times and Seasons, Volume IV, page 240.
18. Times and Seasons, Volume IV page 280.
19. Letter to John Taylor
20. Times and Seasons, Volume V, page 506.
21. Times and Seasons, Volume V1 page 1015.
22. In the History of the Church the Prophet (Joseph Smith) recorded, “I took Allen’s six shooter.”
23. Smith, Joseph. History of the Church, Volume 5 page 451.
24. Lyman, Mary. A story related by Mary Lyman, granddaughter.
25. Carter, Kate B., ed. Our Pioneer Heritage (9 vols., Salt Lake City, Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, 1958,
vol. 1, pp 219-220.
26. A quote handed down and related by daughter, Harriet Allen Lowe.
27. Bauer, Ila Lowe page 10
28. Bauer, Ila Lowe “Incidents in the Life of Daniel Allen (Pioneer)”.
29. Bauer, Ila Lowe, “And it shall be your shield”.
30. Daniel Allen, Account Book.
31. Daniel Allen, Account Book.
32. As told by Clara Bell Lowery Singleton, daughter of Mary Ann Ellen Allen.
33. Letter reprinted in Treasures of Pioneer History by Kate B. Carter, Vol. 3 p 291-2.
34. Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah
35. Memories in Kate B. Carter DUP book.
36. Shortly after the death of Daniel Allen, a Sketch of his career was written by a son-in-law, Edward Wilcock, for the Deseret News newspaper. It closely resembled Daniel Allen’s own personal record. “Death of a Faithful Veteran” “Sketch of the career of Elder Daniel Allen” and the Late Daniel Allen, son of Daniel and Nancy Stewart Allen.
37. Retold by Daniel Wilcock. The exact phrase that “Daniel and Louisa Jane Allen kept 13 of the children ‘too young to tell tales’ from the Mountain Meadow Massacre, until they could be reunited with family from the East” has been passed down by mouth to descendants.. John D. Lee’s wife Rachel Berry was a close sister to Louisa Jane Berry Allen. Since that time, much research has been given to the names of individuals involved. Juanita Brooks gives data in John D. Lee p 225, 251, . Jacob Hamblin was paid for the care of Sarah, Rebecca and Louisa Dunlap; John D. Lee had Charley Francher at Harmony; Richard Harrison had one in Pinto and Philip Klingensmith two, one of whom he gave to Birbecks, since they had no other children, there were still eleven others to be placed.
38. Treasures of Pioneer History, Daughters of Utah Pioneers compiled by Kate Carter, Vol. One, 1952, p 418, 419, as submitted by Ila Bauer.
39. Woolsey, Nethella Griffin, The Escalante Story, 1875-1964, Springville Art City Publishing Co., 1964, p68, 115.
40. Related by Edward Wilcock, son-in-law of Daniel Allen who was present at his death.
41. Edward Wilcock, Deseret News newspaper, “Death of a Faithful Veteran, Sketch of the career of Elder Daniel Allen.” History written after the death of Daniel Allen and shortly before the death of Louisa Jane Berry who died 26 July 1902.
42. Ila L. Bauer related a short incident she later wrote as “Walking Book”. Printed in Treasures of Pioneer History, Vol. One, 1952, p 418-419,
Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Compiled by Kate B. Carter.
43. Parowan and Iron County Biographies, p 114.
44. Times and Seasons, Volume IV: pages 240, 280, Vol. V, page 506, Vol. VI p 1015, and Ila Bauer.
45. Minutes of the School of the Prophets, Parowan, Aug 17, 1872, Page 160.
46. Minutes of the School of the Prophets, Parowan, Aug 17, 1872, Page 163. Reprinted by Luella R. Dalton,
Parowan and Iron County Biographies , copied by BYU Library, 1955-56.
47. Minutes of the School of the Prophets, Parowan, Aug 17, 1872, Page 164-9.
48. Morning Star, Volume 2, p. 346.
49. Treasures of Pioneer History, Vol. 3, Kate B. Carter.
50. L. D. S. archive records, copies obtained from family group sheets for Daniel Allen and his three wives and for his parents and brothers and sisters.
Daniel Allen History
Contributor: James Created: 7 months ago Updated: 7 months ago
“great - grandfather, Daniel Allen Jr., was born December 5, 1804 in Whitetown, Oneida County, New York. Both he and his wife Mary Ann Morris, were baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in 1834. Both worked diligently for the Church. They sold their farm in Huntsburg and turned the full amount, $600.00 to the Prophet Joseph Smith to redeem Zion and help purchase lands in Jackson County, Missouri, according to the revelation.
“In 1836 Daniel Allen bought two city lots in Kirtland, Ohio. Built a home and boot and shoe shop and acquired $1600 in property. He helped build the temple and was a shareholder in the Kirtland Bank. All was lost at the time of the persecutions. He then worked for fifty cents as day; at Savannah, Georgia and soon saved enough to rejoin the Saints at Far West, Missouri.
In April 1840 Daniel moved his family to Nauvoo, Illinois. During the six years they stayed there he helped build the Nauvoo Temple and oaid for a share in the Nauvoo House. In July 1834 Joseph Smith assigned his as a special missionary to Rock Island Co. Illinois and at the last conference in Nauvoo he was selected chairman of a group of three to dispose of houses lots and farms in Bear Creek district in preparation for leaving that beautiful city.
During the height of the persecutions every man connected with the Church and especially those who had dared to stand guard at the jail in Carthage where the Prophet Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum had been incarcerated, were in danger of being killed by the ruthless mob. Daniel Allen had been one of the guards and on this particular evening he felt extremely disturbed. Mary Ann felt there was something special about the prayer that night. Later he spoke queerly to her of the premonition he had had all day. “Mary Ann I have a feeling the mob will be after me tonight. Many who took guard are already dead. I must find a way to outwit them if I can.” Tucking the children into bed with the goodnight kiss, his answer came. There on the dresser lay his wife’s night cap - it was not only white night cap perhaps it was life. Mary Ann agreed that it was worth a try and helped to tie it tightly under his chin. He then got into bed with the baby in his arms and a prayer on his lips.
“Not long after came a loud pounding on the door. Mary Ann calmly opened it and when the man demanded to see Daniel, she invited them in saying he was not there but they could search the house if they so desired. After carefully going over the entire house and glancing at the figure in the bed cuddling the sleeping child, they stormed our exclaiming, “There is on one in there but an old woman in bed with her child!” When all was quiet again Daniel and Mary Ann knelt and thanked God for their deliverance.
“The persecutions continued. Soon the baby was born, and during the exodus from Nauvoo across the Mississippi River, in the dead of winter. Mary Ann contracted Pneumonia and died when they reached Soap Creek. Daniel was left with five children, the infant being just two months old. They stayed at Winter-quarters, Nebraska for a time and there Daniel married Louisa Jane Berry. Together they crossed the plains, arriving in the Salt Lake Valley September 22, 1849 in the Orson Spencer Company. In the ensuing years ten more children were born to them.
In 1854, Daniel married Sarah Whitely and to then were born seven children, the eldest daughter was my grandmother, Harriet Allen Lowe. He was sent to pioneer many places, among them Provo, Parowan, St George, then back to Parowan and finally to Escalante where he died in 1892 at the age of 87 years. In each of the places he lived he built a tannery and a shoe and boot shop and at Parowan perfected a method of tanning which is well known as the ‘Allen Tan.’
The fear of violence was left behind in Nauvoo, but the precious night cap held its rightful place upon his head through his lifetime - not from fear, bit from respect for his first wife’s humble plea that fateful night so long ago, when she said. “Wear it always, Daniel, for it too, shall be your shield.” 6
Mary Ann took pneumonia when they were driven from Nauvoo that cold February night. When they reached Soap Creek she died as a result of the persecutions. She was a very faithful member. She had been one of the first Relief Society Members and had a testimony of her own. She had never murmured or complained. She died as she had lived, in full faith of a glorious resurrection with her beloved Saints.
Daniel was then left with five children, one having died before this. The baby was only two months old, but Brother Allen cared for then as best he could. He went on the Winter Quarters, carrying the infant in his arms most of the way.
6 Bauer, Ila C., “Incidents in the Life of Daniel Allen (Pioneer). It shall Be Your Shield.”
The names of these children were, Alma, ,Maryann Ellen, Diantha, Eliza Ann, and Daniel III. While living in Winter Quarters, the saints gathered in from all the states, wherever they had been converted. The William and Amelia Shanks Berry family of Tennessee were among the group, and Daniel became acquanted well with them. He knew their daughter Louisa Jane well, but with so many little ones, he hesitated to burden a woman with them. One day William Berry said, “Daniel, why don’t you get married. Your little ones need a mother.” Daniel thought on this a moment. “That’s true, but what woman would be willing to marry me with five little children?” Louisa Jane answered his question in a surprizing manner. “I well, Daniel, I’d be proud to marry you and help you care for your children.” Louisa Jane serious. She had undoubtedly had her heart set on him for some time waiting for his to ‘pop the question’. They were married at Winter Quarters on 22 June 1847. During the ensuing years eleven children were born to them. They were: John Albert, Cynthia, Orson William, Robert Preston, Lydia Eupemia, Thurza Armelia, Daniel, Joseph Smith, Samuel Alonzo, Louisa Artimicia, and John William.
The Allens left Council Bluffs, Iowa, June 6, 1849 and reached Salt Lake on Sept. 22, 1849, called the Orson Spencer Company with Samuel Gulley as Captain. Gulley, however, died from cholera before they left the Platte River. (The Company consisted of 100 wagons, and four of five hundred toms of merchandise for Livingstone and Kinkead.
The Allens lived in Big Cottonwood for one - and - one half years, then moved to the twelth ward. He was president of the 24th Quorum of Elders there.
In 1854 Daniel married Sarah Whiteley in the Salt Lake Endowment House. She was a lovely young English girl with a lovely voice and manner. It was said that few could sing sweeter than she. She was but nineteen and Daniel was fifty, but they were very happy together, and remained sweethearts throughout their lives. Nine children were born to them. They are: Isaac Thomas, Harriet Amelia, David Albert, Hyrum Beal, Joseph Ephriam, Frederick Agustus, James Alexander, Mary, and Annie Lovina. (Thus Daniel became the father to 26 children)
Shortly after Sarah and Daniel married, he moved his families to Manti then later to Provo where our Harriet or ‘Hattie’ as she was known, was born. He built a tannery in each of these places. they lived in Provo from 1856 until 1862 during which time he built a home where the Provo Post Office now stands. His shoe and boot shop were in connection with his tannery. He was an exceptionally good tanner, he tanned some of the first leather in Utah. At Salt Lake he worded with Samuel Mulliner.
At Provo his business continued to be good. He was a good provider and always paid his tyths and donated librally to the Provo Tabernacle and to the 4th ward school house. He desired all his children to have a good education.
Hattie and her brothers and sisters were very close, especially she and Millie. They were nearly the same age. They loved the sights and sounds of the big vat where their father tanned the cow, horse or deer shin for boots, pants, coats, ect. Where ever he was called to pioneer he built up a tannery and shoe shop. His fame traveled far and wide, for in years to come his ‘Allen Tan’ became Thee name in leather tanned goods.
In front of the little home in Provo was a big Mulberry tree from which Sarah Allen had leaves picked to feed to her silk worms which she raised. Under the Mulberry tree the children found a favorite place to play. Here the older boys built a swing.
How large the tree had grown. It’s sturdy branches reached far and wide. It’s leafy fingers grasp each tiny breeze that rippled through the sunny day. Bees buzzed on blossom and flowerlet. The darting humming bird flitted thither and yon eager to sip each droplet of sweet dew as its long slim beak reached daintely into the depth of honey suckle and blossoming fruit and flower. So soon the birds had come, as if from nowhere, into now, chattering and twittering on branches high, busily building homes for their young: for it
was spring, and nesting time.
As days grew warmer, the children spent long hours in the shade of their mulberry tree and their beloved swing grew more inviting. Harriet (Hattie) and (Millie) or Thurza Armelia, were nearly the same age, and half - sisters. Together they shared the joys of the big swing and the secrets of its big wide world! Oftimes their older brothers would push them in the swing, back an forth, back and forth, -- back into the leafy boughs to catch a quick peek into the nests tucked away in the branches, each bearing their treasure of tiny eggs; forth to catch a fleeting glimpse of the would beyond their own -- the neat squares of greens and browns and sage, and beyond a sparkling lake out of which a mountain seemed to rise to touch the sky and hold it up.
Although only 4 1/2 when her father was called to the Dixie mission in St. George, little Hattie and Millie were separated for the first time, for Hatties family moved South, while Millie’s remained -- bit the lovely swing in the shade of the mulberry tree remained forever a treasured memory through the remainder of Hatties 83 years.
From Provo Hattie’s father was called on the Dixie Mission, so once again he made plans to move. His family was large by now, so he prepared to leave Louisa Jane and her children in Provo, while he moved Sarah and her children to St. George until such a time as he was able to return for them. With an oxen team, a few head of horses and cattle, they treked the 275 miles South, to Utah’s warm Dixieland. They loved St. George. Sarah’s hand seemed to have a green or magic thumb, she planted grapevines, peach trees, Mulberry, a garden and of course a cotton patch, which became the loveliest one in the area in due time.
It was late spring when they arrived, so the children had to help carry water in their little pails to the plants and garden to keep then from wilting in the hot sun until proper irrigation ditches were prepared.
Lunch Atop the Sugar loaf: age 5
The Dixie sun blazed hot and shimmering on the red sandstones. This day the children had made many trips with their small copper buckets carrying precious water to the thirsty earth which easily drank it in faster than it could be carried to the small garden. Each day the children had anxiously watched and watered the rows waiting for the precious seed to burst forth. The garden had a late start since they were so newly arrived from their trek from Provo 270 miles away. The days had grown long and hot, but even so, they must try to raise food for their supply was dwindling and with no supply of extra food the ravishing winter ahead could take it’s tole. As the day wore on , the garden was all watered, Grandma Allen decided to reward the children a repreive for their faithfulness.
“Hattie, would you and your friends like to have a little lunch and hike up the Sugar Loaf for a picnic?”
“Oh, yes, yes, that would be nice!” All the children squeeled with happiness and their energy was renewed from the happiness in their heart.
Soon they went gaily tripping toward the large round red knoll to the North of town with their lunch tied in the corner of a cloth bag. Perched upon the high hill overlooking their new home, they felt very close to the sky, almost as if they could reach up and touch it. The Dixie sun beat down furiously upon the rocks and baren hillside, but the children enjoyed their lunch and then played around, climbing over, around and sometimes into the wind and water - worn odd - shaped rocks.
No one raised a better patch of cotton than Sarah. One day she had a batch of lovely white batts on the table. Harriet and Isaac had carefully picked all the seeds out while their mother was cording. Suddenly a gust of wind blew the batts out the window and scattered then all over the your. The little mother stopped her singing, laid her cords on the table and cried. It was the first time the children had ever seen their mother cry.
The day the town square was laid out, Sarah and her friend, a Mrs. Moody, cleaned up their little familys and went to join in the celebration. Afterward they took their children to Sugar loaf. The children were playing about looking for centipedes when the keen eye of Isaac caught sight of a pale thread of smoke curling up from a crevice in the mountainside. The curious children clamored up the mountains and looked down through a crack between the rocks.
“Look, look, the mountain is smoking, mama.” Isaac was so excited he could hardly keep from shouting more loudly. Curious, they all clamored up the mountainside and looked down thru a crack in the rocks. There at the bottom sat a circle of indians about a campfire. The frightened mothers hushed their children and scurried like frightened rabbits toward home. Harriet, being a very brave, curious child, decided to go back and watch the indians. on her was she found an animal in the brush. Thinking it was a sheep she rushed to the little village and gathered a group of older boys to go after the sheep while their mothers prepared to cook it. Fresh meat was a rare treat.
“That isn’t a sheep, it’s a dog,” one said as they reached the place where it was. “Yes, if is a sheep,” Harriet and some others insisted, “I just know it is. Ummmm it will make good soup.” Together they circled, pushed and finally reached home with their prize. Mush to their chagrin, their mothers were horrified at their find.
“Honey, if isn’t a sheep, it’s a stricknined coyote. Why, it’s hair is all falling off. Your father will have to take it out and get rid of if before we all get sick.” So no meat that time.
The Allens had been in St George about 1 1/2 years. Sarah had learned to weave, spin and make everything her family wore. Always she sang at her work, the sweet old songs of her England, the new songs of her faith, these she taught to Hattie, who was the only girl in the family for nearly 19 years, for little Mary died shortly after birth, and Annie was 19 years younger than Harriet.
Daniel went to Provo for his wife and family. On the return trip, as he was going thru Parowan, President George A. Smith stopped him and counciled with him.
“Brother Allen, we are badly in need of a man of your talent here in Parowan. Wouldn’t you like to move here and establish a tannery and shoe and boot shop?”
“Well now, President Smith, that just might be a good idea. I never have been satisfied with the way the Kanuga root around St. George tans leather.”
“I had a report to that effect, Brother Allen. You know those samples you sent into President Brigham Young? Well, I received word to have a talk with you. They tell me the sample from here is Parowan is the best yet. The church would advise you to stay here and establish your industry.”
Daniel was happy to hear this, he had hoped for a chance to do better at his work than he had been able to in Dixie, even though he liked it there in other ways. He thought the bark here would do better, it turned out later that he proved it to be the best tan bark in the entire state.
“Ok, President Smith, we’ll stay. I’ll get Louisa Jane settled then move the rest of my family up here. Can you show me a likely place where we can live until we can get a cabin going?”
Back at St. George Daniel almost dreaded to tell his family, they were so happy there. one could almost see things grow when they had plenty of water. God provided plenty of sunshine.
“Sarah, we’ll be moving soon. I left Louisa Jane and the children in Parowan. We’ll be living there now.”
“Oh, Daniel, not moving again!” She felt the quick onrush of tears. She looked about.
Already the vines were heavy with clusters of grapes. The harvest of the garden was sufficient, the cotton patch gave signs of a good crop -- and the cabin, just a one room large room with a lean - to, one window with no glass, but sweetly curtained and homey. Her heart ached as she looked at this tiny happy home where she felt the warn glow of her husbands love even while he was away at work.
“You’ll love it at Parowan, Sarah, “ he slide a comforting arm about her. You’ll each have a home of your own.” he broke into her dreaming -- as if he had read her thoughts. “Yes, dear. We’ll all pitch in and start preparing to move. I’m, sure it’s for the best. It just seems 5 moves in 10 years should be enough.”
When the boys beard the news, Dave was overjoyed. “Oh boy! Snowballs in winter, a real white Christmas like in Provo.”
“Ugg! Snow for christmas is of, but oh, all that crunching thru the snow to school. Burrrr ----” Fred shivering at the memory.
Yeah, and all that sloshing back and forth to do chores, frozen water buckets and kegs, choping ice and everything.” Ike was thoughtful a moment, “You know, Dad, it doesn’t seem possible how much colder they say it gets just 85 miles away.”
The tannery was built in Parowan in the summer of 1864 and ran until 1927 when it was torn down and Samuel Mortenson’s home was built on the property.
Allen ran the tannery himself until 1880, when he sold the property to William Pritchard
and moved his family to Escalante, Garfield County, where he resided until his death in 1892. He died January 15, 1892, at the age of 87 years, one month and six days. Sarah, died January 3, 1892, at the age of 57 years, eleven months and twenty - eight days. He attended her funeral on the 5th, was present to fast day meeting on the 7th and preached an excellent sermon. on the morning of the 8th, about moon he was seized with a severe chill, which confined his to his bed until he passed away. He retained his mental faculties up to the last. He called his family to his bedside, admonished them to remain faithful to the church and honor the Priesthood, and sent word to those not there to do the same. He then asked his family to release his, for his mission on this side was fulfilled. He was the father of 26 children, 16 boys and 10 girls. His wife Louisa Jane and 17 children survived him.
Harriet was only nine when she met the boy who was one day to become her husband. She didn’t know then how sweet he thought she was, nor that he had said to himself, “She’s the girl I’m going to marry someday,” for she had just directed him to her father’s tannery where the lad’s father worked.
In the spring of 1866, John Walker Brown, a well cultured, well educated Englishman came to the Allen home in search of work. He had apprenticed to a tanner in England when a boy but be had become interested in Mormonism. He was converted and joined the church, but his wife would not have anything to do with the religion, so he left his wife and two children in England and emigrated to America. He had obtained some very fine law books which he mastered, and had practiced law in Salt Lake. he had married again and had two little girls when he met Elizabeth Couzens Lowe who was alone with her two little boys, George and Joseph. Elizabeth and John were married in Sept 25, 1857 in the Salt Lake Endowment House. They moved to Cache Co., later were called to settle on the “Muddy”. They had spent some very hard winters at Toquerville. Brown left soon afterward to find employment in Parowan. Daniel Allen gave him a job in the tannery. Sarah stayed in Toquerville, waiting until her husband could find a place to live and return for her and her family. That summer their small son, Samuel died of Pneumonia. Their son, George was sent to Parowan on a little mule to report the health of his father.
The first person George met in Parowan was Harriet Allen. He asked her where the tannery was, as he was hunting Mr. Brown who worked there. Harriet replied, “come along with me. I’m just going to call him and father to dinner. He works for father and boards at our house.” And away she skipped with pigtails flying. George had a hard time keeping up with her.
The John W. Brown family moved to Parowan in 1867. He continued working with Allen, and also took care of all legal cases. He was the lawyer for the Board of Claims.
Harriet first learned who George really was when he called with a group of friends one evening. The meager amount of chairs were taken, so Harriet got a box and offered it to him apolegetically. “Here’s a box you may sit on, if it’s not too low.” “That’s my name, so I’ll sit on it,” George answered with a twinkle in his eyes.
Later George told Harriet that Father Brown had been so good to them that neither he nor his brother Joseph had known they were not his own sons until Brother Groves came to their home in 1857 to give the Brown’s a blessing. During the evening Patriarch Groves had said the two boys were not Brown’s children. The parents then had to tell the boys about their own father and her remarriage when they were young.
Harriet and George grew fond of each other, though it had been love at first sight with him.
Following an old Indian trail into the Dry Lakes country was one of Harriets earliest experiences. She and the West girls were thrilled at being among the first children to go into that beautiful region, but their happiness came to an abrupt end shen Isaac told his sister of a place near the house where bears had overturned a log in search of ants. Harriet insisted on being taken home even though it meant riding horseback with a man she didn’t even know. She felt safer in town, in her little home across from the lovely rock church which the Allen boys had helped to build. She grew braver as she grew older.
Harriest’s youngest brother, James was always busy with a gun, his pride and joy and one individual possession. One day he had been molding cartridges for it. He had molded lead into bullets, finished the ‘loads’ and gone. Harriet, who was about 14, came home from a day’s work gathering potatoes. She took up the broom and started to clean the room. She swept the floor and then, as was the custom at that time, with a swift stroke swept the dirt into the open fireplace. In an instant her clothes were on fire and she was a mass of flames. She rushed from the house and leaped into a adobe hole half full of water. The flames were extingguished but she was burned and scalded terribly.
Neighbors who heard her screams and carried her to the home of Aunt Polina Lymna, who was a midwife and nurse. Aunt Polina tore an old sheet in strips and covered them with varnish, and bound them over the burns, leaving only slits for eyes, nose, and mouth. Every few hours the eyelids were lifted and the hot water let out of her eyes like one would let water out of a blister. This kept the eyelids from healing together thus leaving her blind permenantly. As the burns healed underneath and the new skin formed, the cloth was loosened and trimmed away. Harriet escaped with perfect sight, and only two small scars. One under the ear, and one on the wrist. No Dr. ever did a better job. Aunt Polina was blessed and set apart for her work when she was 18 years old and she, with the inspiration she was entitled to, was able to preform many miracles.
They say true love never runs smooth, and so it was with George and Harriet. She was considered very beautiful and sweet, and had many suitors, but George never gave up the thought that she was the one and only girl for him. The Allens were not overzealous about the forthcoming marriage, for though Harriet had become engaged when she was only 15, they hoped she would not marry outside the Temple. The Allens were such staunch Mormons, and George, though he had been baptized when in Dixie, was not as dutiful about his church affairs as he might have been. His work kept him away much of the time, and men who had appostized since the Mountain Meadow Massacre and deserters from Johnson’s army influenced him greatly. They were married Dec. 14, 1873, in Mother Brown’s (Lowe’s) home which George had worked so hard to build. His labors at the sawmill bought all the material to build what was then the nicest home in Parowan, and included a greenhouse, the first in Southern Utah, also an attic where she raised the silk worms. It was a quiet wedding. Mother Allen regreted that it was not a church wedding, but told her daughter not to worry, someday she would realize the desire of her dreams, a Temple wedding. Daniel Allen was a long time accepting George into his family, but through his honesty, simplicity, and earnest ambition he make then forget his religion was not as strong as theirs, and soon they loved him for the wonderful man he was.
George rented the shingle mill at the yankee Meadow and Harriet, though only 16, cooked for all the man. The next year they rented a herd of cows and begun to dairy in Dry Lakes. They saved their money in as auger hole with which they bought a city lot. There they built a one-room log house. Harriet kept it fit for a queen. She knitted lace curtains, did tatting, netting and embroidery. Every chair had it’s tidy, every picture it’s throw. She scrubbed the floors with sand till they were white as floors could be.
Five children were born at the home in town. When George Jr., was born his layette was make from his father’s wedding shirt and his mother’s wedding dress. His one and only new dress was made from a piece of lovely silk his mother had started to make for her big doll with a china head. She had earned the money for if herself as she had always had only rag dolls. When she had married she again took up the dress and added row upon row of eyelet embroidery to make it long enough for a baby dress. The Lowes were married during the hard depression so it was hard to make ends meet.
Harriet loved flowers and all out of doors. Her old fashioned flower garden was the show place of the town. Flowers seemed to grow enchanted by her touch. They bloomed prefusely from every nook and corner, but they had to move to a larger house, the Fout’s place. There three more children were born. They took up a homestead in the south field. There was no water near the place, so it was Harriet’s lot to hunt the fields for water each morning before breakfast. Most of the drinking water was hauled from town in barrels. It was her weekly task to lead her little wagon with cloths, tuck a child under her arm and walk to town, scrub the cloths on the board and trudge home the two - and - one - half miles with the clean clothes and the children.
One child was born on the homestead. After about five years of hard drudgery they moved to the Smith place in the lane about one mile from city limits. They traded the home in town for it. It had a small well on it which provided water for the stock, but they still hauled drinking water form town. Two wells were drilled, but with the inadequate methods used at that time no water was reached except little drizzels.
For 18 years they lived in the house already on the farm where the last three children were born, then they built the large brick home which stands in the lane today. George went to Milford with team and wagon and hauled the brick and other materials from the railroad there. (His son, George, hauled materials at the same time and built a brick home also.)
Where else than on a farm does a rain cloud mean so much; or sunshine, or the wintery blast. Where else than on a farm or mountain ranch does cattle lowing or sheep bleeting have such a peaceful sound. Where but in olden valleys can one still hear the gentle song of the criket, or hear in the still night air the croak of the frog in the pond, see the fireflies lite their evening lamp, watch the lady bug’s friendly silence as she crawls up the lettuce leaf searching harmful bugs. Who but the farmer and his wife listens more. intently for wind in the night, or the birds first chirp at dawn. Who witnesses a miracle greater than one who casts seeds to the earth and follows it to harvest. God, man and nature share greater harmony and symphony on a farm than any place in the universe.
Now at last Harriet had a modern home with hot an cold running water, a Telephone, washer, iron, and all the conveniences invented during their lifetime. She always had flowers wherever she lived which she had watered with water form the hand basin, etc. now she had a lawn, twenty - seven native pines which they and the sons carried from far - off dry lakes, flowers and creeping vines everywhere, columbines, snap dragons, holyhocks, and every kind of flower she could find. A lovely rose garden flounted it’s sweet perfume to fill the house with their fragrance when the breeze came from the west. A neighbor used to bring her children and, opening the gate to the yards surrounding the house say: “Come into paradise, children.” A sheep buyer who once called to see George about his prize Rambouillets was so impressed with her beautiful array of Hollyhocks that he wrote a poem about then when he sent back home and had it printed in the “Utah Farmer.” “Autumn” and other poems were written about their lovely home.
Summers were spent in the mountain and winters on the farm. Harriet took care of the dairy while George was in town during hay season. Even in the mountains Harriet had here flowers all about the log cabin as well as those growing wild in the marsh and spring.
(Note: more about this in ‘Memories’ by her daughters)
The twisted Forrest:
The ‘Red Bluff’, about two miles South and East up over the Bolly from the ranch, is the tip end of world - renowned, Cedar Breaks! It is separated from the main amphitheater of the breaks by a few lesser hills covered with pine, aspen and other normal vegetation. The Red Bluffs are a striking quirk of nature. The ground formation there appears to be solely of red and some white rock, void of soil, jutting our below the bard end of Navajoe Ridge. Upon this wind - sept terrain, barren of all vegetation except ancient pines, there grows the scraggley Squirrel - tail Pine, it’s roots clinging tenaceously to the craggy bluffs. here upon these rain- washed bluffs is found the worlds last Bristle - cone pine. The area is now universely known as the worlds last twisted Forrest. Here the winds never cease, but seen to whine and howl lonely, hauntingly, as they continually sweep up from the deep canyons. The weird trees grow in twisted bizzare shapes, causing one to feel as though they have stepped back through the ages into an ancient world. The tree trunks look and feel dead and slick, having on bark for protection, yet as long as one time root clings to it’s firm rock foundation, it shoots forth green trails, as though fighting with sheer determination for its bare existance.
Occasionally grandma took her children to enjoy that beauteous freak of nature, that thousands of years old forrest, then back down to the green valleys below where wild flowers bloomed in great profussion - where sheep and cattle were lowing in the pasture, munching contentedly on succulent grasses.
This was one of her great lessons of life -- as long as you cling on and try, no matter how rough the task may seen, if you keep faith in a supreme power, he will sustain you, protect you, lift you up an nothing, but nothing can faze the love of God! in every faucet of nature she found a way to teach a lesson of life - to build character in her sons and daughters.