William Wadley Goes to Court
Contributor: PapaMoose Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
The strategy used by the Federal Government against polygamy in Utah in the 1880s involved an early variant of shock and awe. The primary object was to eliminate plural marriages, a practice that was then highly objectionable to many Americans. For some, at least, additional objectives were breaking the political and economic power of the LDS Church in Utah and possibly eliminating the Church all together. The apex of the strategy was the federally appointed Utah Commission supported by a handful of aggressive federal judges and a cadre of U. S. Marshals.
The strategy involved paid spotters who reported polygamists to federal authorities. Posses of U.S Marshals then made predawn raids in selected communities to arrest polygamists, their wives and additional witnesses, and then hauled them off for a hearing before the Utah Commission in Salt Lake City. This was followed by grand jury indictments, court arraignments, and a jury trial that typically resulted in a penalty of six months in the Territorial Penitentiary in Sugar House and a several hundred dollar fine.
Before dawn on the morning of Monday, June 14, 1886 a posse of deputy U.S. Marshals descended on Pleasant Grove to arrest polygamists. Several deputies barged into William’s two homes a mile north of town while the family was still in bed and arrested him and his two wives. At the time, William had 13 children living in his two adjacent homes, including 6 who were less than 9 years old and Isabella’s baby who was only 4 months old. His other living wife, Mary Byard, was not well, she later became bedridden, and died of cancer in 1893. At the time my Grandmother, Jeanette, was only two years old, too young to remember the terror caused by the marshals’ raid.
A newspaper article describes the raid in Pleasant Grove: Yesterday morning Franks, Redfield and one or two others made a descent upon Pleasant Grove. They arrested William Wadley, O. F. Herron, and Victor Sangreen, with members of their respective families; also some of the members of Peter Larson’s family, the head of the family not being within hailing distance. Bishop John Brown was also wanted, as were also several of his family, but they were not at home. B. W. Drigg’s house was also searched but unsuccessfully. It was evident that the Deputies, by their number and preparations, had come with a purpose of making a big haul.
The captured ones were all taken to Salt Lake, and there appeared before [Commissioner] McKay who bound them over to appear in Provo next September before the grand jury. Those arrested for unlawful cohabitation in Pleasant Grove, including William and his two wives, were transported to Salt Lake City on the D. & R.G.W train that afternoon. There they joined three other families arrested in Tooele the same day: Richard Warburton, James Dunn, and Jonas Lindberg. All six of the defendants then appeared before Commissioner McKay that afternoon and evening, with Assistant District Attorney Varian representing the prosecution.
William’s case was the next-to-the-last heard, starting at about 7:30 p.m., after an intermission for supper. The newspaper account describes the proceedings: When proceedings were resumed, William Wadley was called and listened to the complaint charging him with co-cohabiting with his wives Isabella McKay Wadley and Mary Byard Wadley, from July 1, 1883 to June 1, 1886. Mr. Dickson called the two ladies named in the complaint; and both testified that they were the defendant’s wives, and had lived with him in that relation since the date of their marriage.
Mr. Wadley gave $1,000 bail for himself, and $200 for each of his wives who were subpoenaed to testify before the grand jury in Provo on the 23d of September .
All six of the defendants were required to post approximately the same bail and later appear before grand juries. Several of the wives and other witnesses complained about having to borrow money hurriedly to pay for their train fares to testify at the hearing. One wonders how William arranged for these substantial bails, paid for lodging in Salt Lake, and then paid for transport back to Pleasant Grove. One also wonders who took care of the Wadley children, especially the baby, while their parents were absent for two days.
Somewhere along the line I formed the impression that few people in Pleasant Grove were polygamists. I remember, for example, hearing that only two men in the northern part of Pleasant Grove had multiple wives William Wadley and Niels Peter Larsen. Research by Beth Radmall Olsen, however, showed that over time more than 50 men in Pleasant Grove were involved in plural marriage. Of these 17 eventually served prison terms for unlawful cohabitation, polygamy, or adultery. Several of these men served more than one jail term, and one, Orlando F. Herron, went to jail three times.
The proportion of inhabitants in Pleasant Grove in polygamist’s families at a given date, say 1880, has not been calculated. Two studies of Kanab, Utah and Davis Stake in Davis County indicate that polygamist families made up a quarter or more of the inhabitants. Some insight on the importance of polygamy in Pleasant Grove can be gleaned from the 1880 Federal Census. A total of 1,785 inhabitants and 359 households were enumerated that year in the community. Polygamists clearly headed twenty-nine of these households. The individuals in these households amounted to about 15 percent of the total number of inhabitants. In addition, some of the households may have been headed by polygamist men living elsewhere and some of the apparently-single women in town may have been sealed to polygamist men. Given this, perhaps 20 percent of the population in town may have been involved in polygamy in 1880.
On September 23, 1886 Judge Henry P. Henderson opened the September term of the First District Court in Provo by empaneling a grand jury. A reporter for the Territorial Examiner provided interesting details on those selected for the jury. This jury was likely representative of most other juries selected at the time. Of the sixteen men interviewed, all stated they felt polygamy was illegal, 5 were excommunicated Mormons, and only one, a non-Mormon, expressed reservations about prosecuting someone for their religious beliefs. One of those included in the grand jury had been a polygamist, but one of his wives had died and he was later excommunicated. None of the 15 men selected appears to have been an active member of the Church. Given the way juries were selected at the time, it is little wonder that most men charged with some form of polygamy were indicted by grand juries.
William did not appear before this grand jury. His appearance was rescheduled to the Spring 1887 term in Provo, probably because of the large number of cases that were thrust upon grand juries, and the difficulty judges had in finding eligible individuals to serve on juries. Court records show William was indicted by the grand jury for unlawful cohabitation on 11 March 1887. A person was indicted when the grand jury made its report to the presiding judge. William was formally arraigned on the charges of unlawful cohabitation on 29 April 1887 and pleaded not guilty to the charge.
On September 22, 1887 a deputy U.S. Marshall served a subpoena on William that required him, his wives Isabella and Mary, and his 14-year-old daughter Emily to appear for trial in Provo. William appeared before Judge Henry P. Henderson on Thursday, November 17th, the last day the court met in Provo before Judge Henderson returned to Ogden. A newspaper article the next day described William’s appearance as follows:
William Wadley appeared yesterday before his Honor and by his counsel, Judge [Warren Newton] Dusenberry, asked to change his plea of not guilty to that of guilty. The order was so made and Judge Dusenberry stated that Mr. Wadley’s case called for some consideration on the part of the court, and then stated certain facts, one of which was that he [William] intended to obey the law. The Defendant was asked if that was the case, and he answered it was. Mr. Evans [the prosecutor] thought that the ends of justice would be fully satisfied if the court only imposed a fine. Mr. Evans understood that it was Wadley’s intention not to live with his second wife as a wife hereafter. The Court then imposed a fine of $200.
The transcript of William’s trial dated November 17, 1887 –the last day of the court’s fall term -- does not clarify the special considerations mentioned by his lawyer: In this cause the defendant William Wadley now comes into Court and withdraws his former plea of not guilty and enters a pleas of guilty to said indictment and promising to obey said law and all laws in the future. Thereupon the court renders the judgment that whereas said defendant William Wadley having been duly convicted in this court by his plea of guilty of the crime of unlawful cohabitation, it is therefore ordered, adjudged, and decreed that the said William Wadley pay a fine of Two Hundred dollars or in default of said fine to be imprisoned in the Penitentiary of the Territory of Utah at the county of Salt Lake until all fine is paid.
William’s attorney, Warren Newton Dusenberry, was a prominent Provo lawyer. He was a convert to the LDS church, was the first principal of Brigham Young Academy, was mayor of Provo from 1892 to 1893, and he and his brother Wilson Howard Dusenberry were well-educated men. Wilson was mayor of Provo at the time of William’s trial.
The wording of Dusenberry’s statement to Judge Henderson on William’s behalf, suggests more than William’s willingness to renounce polygamy swayed Henderson to impose a modest punishment, with the acquiescence of the prosecutor. The poor health of William’s wife, Mary, may have been a factor in the lenient judgment. For many years William’s other wife, Isabella, cared for Mary until her death in 1893.
Two aspects of William’s court experience interest me. The first is the terror and personal agony endured by the families enmeshed in these prosecutions, little of which survives in family history. In addition to the obvious, this involved the moral dilemma of giving up a religious practice that the faithful thought was necessary for eternal salvation. Was William less valiant than others who refused to renounce polygamy, paid larger fines, and spent time in jail? Did he accomplish more, or less, than his friend O. F. Herron who refused to submit and went to jail three times defending polygamy, for example?
From a broader perspective, what did the war on polygamy during the 1880s accomplish? I’m puzzled by the anti-polygamy fervor of the 1880s contrasted with the current tolerance for most any “family” arrangement. Although there is likely more polygamy in the Inter-Mountain West now than there was in 1885, authorities mostly ignore the practice, unless child abuse or welfare fraud occurs. In retrospect, the war on polygamy forced the LDS Church to submit to federal authority, to officially renounce plural marriages, but did little to eliminate unlawful cohabitation. Is the lesson from this that moralists can’t effectively legislate and control “morality”?
Isabella McKay Wadley raising silk worms
Contributor: PapaMoose Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
MY EXPERIENCE RAISING SILK WORMS IN UTAH
By Jeannette Wadley Warnick
(Daughter of William and Isabella McKay Wadley)
I have taken this introduction for an article in the Improvement Era for May 1962, entitled "The Prophet Said Silk", and written by Maurice W. Connell. It is a very interesting article:
"Oliver Cowdery, pen in hand, listened intently to the voice coming through the curtains: 'And it came to pass in the eighth year of the reign of the Judges, that the people of the church, began to wax proud, because of their exceeding riches, and their fine silks, and their fine turned linen'".
Through his research the author goes on to prove that silk worms were raised and silk produced by the Nephites who had brought the knowledge with them from Jerusalem.
The silk industry (Sericulture) was started here in Utah in early pioneer times. President Brigham Young said, "this country was the finest in the world for silk raising". In 1868 he built a large building to raise silk worms, where Forest Dale is now, and twenty-five or thirty acres of mulberry trees were planted there. At the April 1877 General Conference held in St. George, "it was moved, seconded and unanimously carried that the Relief Society throughout the church take a mission to raise Silk and do all in it's power to clothe themselves and their families".
In December 1879 a company called The Utah Silk Association was organized. A brick building was erected at the mouth of City Creek Canyon. Machinery was installed and silk was made. In 1893, Utah was invited to have an exhibition of silk articles which had been made, at the World's Fair held in Chicago. The first Legislature after Utah became a state in 1896 passed "an act for the establishment of Sericulture". The act provided a bounty on cocoons. This greatly stimulated the industry. Groves of mulberry trees were planted all over the state. Cocoons were raised for the factory in Salt Lake City.
It was around this time, 1896 or 1897, that my mother, Isabella McKay Wadley, decided to try to raise silk worms. My father, William Wadley, had quite a few mulberry trees growing on his place in Pleasant Grove, Utah, and members of the General Board of the Relief Society had contacted mother and father to get them to raise the worms. It was a new thing to both of them, and they knew nothing about it. However, father thought it would be a good thing to have some way of using the mulberry leaves.
I don't remember under what conditions the arrangements were made, but the eggs that were to hatch into silk worms were brought to our house and instructions were given to mother on their care. They were placed behind our old coal cook stove and kept warm for several days. They were very tiny worms when they were first hatched, but they were ready to eat as soon as they were hatched. They were kept on small tables for a few days, but they soon had to be moved to larger tables and to a larger room. Mother had an empty room upstairs where they moved the worms on to three long tables. At first we brought just the small leaves of the mulberry tree in to feed them. The worms grew so fast we were soon bringing in arm loads of leaves. Then as they grew even larger, we brought in arms full of branches with the leaves on them. We had to watch that none of the worms would drop on the floor. If they did, we had to very gently pick them up and put them back on the table. I didn't like the feel of the wiggly worms.
It was very interesting to listen to the worms eating the leaves, but I did get so tired, as a very young child, of carrying those branches up those stairs.
As I remember, it took four weeks for the worms to be ready to spin their cocoons. When that time came we carried in quite large branches to which the worms would cling as they wove their cocoons. Members of the General Board of the Relief Society would visit and instruct us from time to time.
After the cocoons were woven we were to wait a certain amount of time, then the worms were to be killed inside the cocoons. If the worms emerged alive, they made a hole in the cocoon which spoiled the silk so it couldn't be reeled. The reeling was done in Provo. I don't remember what happened, but quite a number of our worms came of their cocoons before we could kill them, which made the silk unusable. Some of the cocoons were all right, but our summer's work didn't pay very much, except for a lot of work.
One other lady in Pleasant Grove also had silk worms that same summer. She was a Mrs. Armitstead, a widow who lived just south of town on the state highway. There may have been others, but I don't remember any others.
Copied through the courtesy of the International Society Daughters of the Utah Pioneers.
William Wadley and brother Joseph Wadley
Contributor: PapaMoose Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
Born Oct. 8, 1825. Came to Utah Sept.
.28, 1853. Pioneer to Dixie 1862. Raised
first fruit in Salt Lake City and Ogden.
Born Dec. 23, 1830, Newent, Gloucestershire,
Eng. Came to Utah in 1853. Missionary
to England 1872 and 1881. Crossed
Plains seven times.
Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah, p.1225
WADLEY, JOSEPH (son of Edward Wadley and Ann Reynolds of Newent, Gloucestershire, Eng.). Born Dec. 23, 1830, at Newent. Came to Utah fall 1853.
Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah, p.1225
WADLEY, WILLIAM (son of Edward Wadley and Ann Reynolds of Newent, Gloucestershire, Eng.). Born Oct. 8, 1825. Came to Utah Sept. 28, 1853, Vincent Shurtliff company.
Our Pioneer Heritage, Vol. 15, p.358
At a meeting held May 3, 1874, Pleasant Grove was divided into districts with the following foremen: North, William Wadley, Knud Swenson, and Edward Stagg; West, S. S. White, Franklin Beers and Frederick Thorne; East, Samuel Savior, James O. Bullock, and D. Miley Smith. On Oct. 30, 1874 an election was held and a board to govern the affairs of the Order were chosen: John Brown, president; James Armistead, secretary; Alexander Bullock, treasurer; with committees as follows: executive, Thomas Woolley, Alexander Bullock, Knud Swenson; appraising, Jens C. Cornum, Lewis Harvey and Jacob Foutz. Other minutes of Oct. 1874, record the adoption of Articles of the Association and one hundred persons of the community gave their names to be members of the Order and to transfer thereto all their property, time, talents and energies. In Dec. 1874, the minutes of the Order mentioned the scarcity of grain and it was agreed grain should be fed only to teams that were working. Hansen Walker was appointed to find out on what terms Lewis Robinson would rent his sawmill to the Order. Ezra Walker, son of Hansen Walker, and ardent advocate of the Order, related how he plowed all spring and summer and in the fall hauled lumber from the sawmill in American Fork Canyon, and all he got for his work besides his food was a pair of overalls, a jumper and an old rifle. Jonathon Harvey whose father, Lewis Harvey, had turned all his property, farms, teams, cattle and plows, and got only a portion of it back when the Order, because of general [p.359] dissatisfaction, was abandoned in 1879, had worked hauling lumber from the sawmill in American Fork Canyon to earn money and supplies to build a home for himself and his future wife, Helen Alexander, whom he married in December 1880. CLucile H. Walker
Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah compiled by Frank Esshom. [Salt Lake City: Western Epics, Inc., 1966.] p.1225 Photo p.393
3d222Rodney C. BadgerUnlawfulJune 14, 1887Nov. 21, 1887$100$70.20$170.20
3d226John A. Marchant""Sep. 30, 188710063.10163.10
3d215Joseph C. Parry"""50YYYY
3d216George Harmon""Sep. 14, 1887100YYYY
3d240David B. Bybee"Sep. 24, 1887Oct. 25, 188750YYYY
3d246Daniel Harney""Sep. 29, 188750YYYY
3d249Thomas Henderson""Nov. 14, 1887100YYYY
3d250James Loynel""Oct. 12, 18875035.5085.50
3d255Byron W. King""Oct. 22, 188750YYYY
3d239Jesse Turpin""Oct. 14, 1887100YYYY
1st1046John Martin"Jan. 8, 1886Nov. 21, 1887100YY100.00
1st1161Mary J. WhitelyFornicationMay 28, 1887Dec. 16, 188715YY15.00
1st1369M. C. JensenUnlawfulDec. 1, 1887Dec. 17, 1887 100YY100.00
1st1377Hans N. Peterson"Dec. 7, 1887"100YY100.00
1st1421H. D. Pierson"Dec. 9, 1887"Y39.6039.60
1st169Isaac Bullock"Mar. 2, 1887Nov. 12, 188730072.00372.00
1st178William Wadley"Mar. 11, 1887Nov. 7, 1887200YY200.00
1st223John T. Lambert"Oct. 3, 1887Oct. 13, 1887Y44.2044.20
1st242Peter M. Peterson""Oct. 24, 1887Y55.7055.70
1st331Henry Beal"Oct. 24, 1887"300YY300.00
3d243Walter C. Brown"Sep. 24, 1887Dec. 24, 18875038.5588.55
1st165William Yates"Mar. 17, 1887Oct. 13, 188750YY50.00
1st177Orlando Herrin"Mar. 11, 1887Oct. 27, 188750YY50.00
1st179Victor Sandgren""Oct. 13, 1887100YYYY
1st190Lars Jacobsen"Mar. 19, 1887"50YY50.00
1st217Charles McCarty"Sep. 24, 1887"200YYYY
1st219John Harris"Sep. 21, 1887Nov. 17, 188750YYYY
1st240Niels P. Madsen"Oct. 3, 1887Oct. 13, 1887200YYYY
1st326Fred. Oberhauslix"Oct. 24, 1887Oct. 26, 18875054.20104.20
1st328German Ellsworth""Nov. 17, 1887100YY100.00
1st431Stephen S. Barton"Sep. 6, 1887Dec. 22, 1887300YYYY
2d439David Chidester"Dec. 6, 1887"300YYYY
2d440Elijah M. Steers"""300YYYY
2d443Daniel S. McFarlane"Dec. 7, 1887"300YYYY
Andrew Jenson, Encyclopedic History of the ChurchY, p.662
Pleasant Grove was settled by Latter day Saints in the fall of 1850, and was originally known as Battle Creek on account of a skirmish which took place between whites and Indians at the mouth of Battle Creek Canyon early in 1849, but later named Pleasant Grove, that name being suggested from a natural grove of Cottonwood trees, of which there are still remnants in the upper part of the city. The first Church organization effected in Pleasant Grove took place in February, 1851, but the branch was more fully organized Sept. 19, 1852, when George Sheffer Clark was appointed president of the Pleasant Grove Branch or settlement. He acted in that capacity until Dec., 1853, when Henson Walker, one of the original pioneers of 1847, was ordained a High Priest and Bishop and appointed to preside over the Pleasant Grove Ward. He was succeeded as Bishop in 1863 by John Brown (also one of the original Utah pioneers of 1847), who acted as Bishop until 1891, when he was succeeded by Joseph E. Thorne, who in 1903 was succeeded by Swen L. Swenson, who acted as Bishop of the Pleasant Grove Ward until 1909, when Pleasant Grove was divided into three wards, named respectively the Pleasant Grove 1st, Pleasant Grove 2nd (Lindon), and Pleasant Grove 3rd (Manila). Pleasant Grove became an incorporated city by act of the Utah Legislature in 1855. Following is a list of the mayors of Pleasant Grove city since that time: Henson Walker, 1855B1862; John Brown, 1863B1882; Hiram Winters, 1883B1884; Alfred G. Keetch, 1885B1888; Joseph E. Thorne, 1889B1893; James O. Bullock, 1894B1897; Swen L. Swenson, 1898B1899; William E. Clark, 1900B1901; J. D. Wadley, 1902B1905; James O. Bullock, 1906B1907; Charles F. Westphal, 1908B1909; A. E. Cooper, 1910B1913; J. L. Harvey, 1914B1915; Swen L. Swenson, 1916B1917; D. H. Robison, 1918B1919; Louis W. Lund, 1919B1920; Junius J. Hayes, 1920B1921; Junius A. West, 1921B1923; Junius J. Hayes, 1923B1925; Frank B. Newman, 1925B1929, and Lewis Olpin, 1929B1931.
Andrew Jenson, Church Chronology, June 14, 1886 (Monday)
Some houses at Tooele, Tooele Co., were raided by U.S. deputy marshals, who arrested Richard Warburton, James Dunn and Jonas E. Lindberg, for u.c.; also residences at Pleasant Grove, Utah Co., were raided by U.S. deputy marshals, who arrested Orlando F. Herron, Wm. Wadley and Victor Sandgren, charged with u.c. The defendants from both places were taken to Salt Lake City and arraigned before Com. McKay, with a number of witnesses, and after preliminary examination placed under bonds.
Sketch of Lives of William Wadley and Isabella McKay Wadley
Contributor: PapaMoose Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
(As told by their son and daughter, Richard D. Wadley and Jeanette Wadley Warnick to Leah W. Robinson and Effie W. Adams, March 1955.)
William Wadley and Isabella McKay Wadley, his wife, were both original Utah Pioneers. William came with the Vincent Shurtliff Company, arriving in Salt Lake City on September 28, 1853, and Isabella came with her parents and brothers and sisters in the James S. Brown Company which arrived in Salt Lake on August 29, 1859.
William Wadley was the oldest son of Edward Wadley and Ann Reynolds, and was born October 8, 1825 in the Parish of Newent, in Gloucester, England. His father, Edward Wadley, was also born in Newent Parish, and he was the oldest son of Edward Wadley and Martha Floyd. Ann Reynolds Wadley, William's mother, was a daughter of Joseph Reynolds and Ann Beard of the same locality.
William was raised in a family of boys consisting of John, Richard, Joseph, Henry, and Thomas. His only sister died at birth.
Newent Parish was a farming district. At the age of seven, William was put out as an apprentice to a farmer quite a distance from home. His job was to feed and care for the farm horses and then ride the lead horse in the field. The horses worked single file to keep them from tromping the ground. They were fed about three o'clock in the morning so they could start work at daybreak. One morning, William, very sleepy, was unable to get up. The stern farmer finding him still asleep, threw a bucket full of water into his face. From then on, William never slept in after three A.M. Brother H. V. Swenson, who worked for William many years later on his farm in Pleasant Grove, remembers that he always liked to have his horses fed before daylight, which was probably the effects of this very early training.
William told his family in later years of this period of his life, and remembered that his lunch always consisted of bread and cheese and cider. As he grew older he did other work on the farm and became a very efficient farmer.
He learned to read and write during this early period of his life by attending Sunday School. So far as is known, he did not attend regular school. It is interesting to note that Gloucester, England, where William was living was the birthplace of the famous "Raikes' Ragged School" established in 1780, and which eventually developed into a world-wide movement which resulted in the organization of "Sunday Schools" after which our own Sunday School is patterned. William commented in later years that he was eventually dismissed from this Sunday School because he asked so many questions the teacher would not answer.
At the age of nineteen, William quit farming and went to Wales to work in the coal mines. It was here that he heard the Mormon missionaries and was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints on December 4, 1848 by Thomas Llewelin in Pennydarren. He was confirmed on the following Sunday by David John, who was president of the Pennydarren branch of the Church and who later became president of the Utah Stake at Provo, Utah. At the time of his baptism, William was 23 years of age and the first member of his family to hear and accept the Gospel. This was eleven years after the gospel had been first declared in England by Heber C. Kimball and others.
About three months after joining the church, William was ordained a teacher and then a priest and was sent out to preach the gospel. About a year later he was ordained an Elder and continued his missionary work in Wales. In April 1851, he was released from Wales. He returned to England where he continued to explain the principles of the gospel to his family and friends.
On July 26, 1852, William had the privilege of baptizing his father and mother and his brother Joseph. He also baptized many others at this time. There being sufficient converts to the church, a branch was organized at Linton. Later there were two other branches formed, and a district was organized. The branches were Puncil and Cliffordsmean. William Wadley was appointed to preside over the district until he was released to emigrate to Zion. The missionaries in Great Britain had been very successful. The Church membership at this time, before heavy emigration set in, was about twenty-eight thousand souls.
William and his brother Joseph left their father's home on January 5, 1853, for Liverpool. He never saw his parents again. His father died December 3, 1879, and his mother died January 20, 1884. At Liverpool, William and Joseph took passage on a sailing ship, the name of which is not known at the time of writing this sketch. The ship docked at New Orleans, and then the saints sailed up the Mississippi River to near where St. Louis now stands. Because of the great number of emigrants coming across the plains, all of the available cattle had been purchased, so William and two other men were selected to go back farther from the river and purchase the stock needed for their company. They traveled on foot over one thousand miles before sufficient stock could be purchased for the trip to the Valley. Upon returning to their settlement, their clothes were so worn they were unwilling to make an appearance in them, so they all pooled the best of what they were wearing and outfitted one man to go into camp and get sufficient clothing for them to make an appearance and give their report.
William came to Utah with the Vincent Shurtliff Company. He records that they arrived in Salt Lake City on September 28, 1853. The church records state that the Vincent Shurtliff company outfitted at Keokuk, Iowa, leaving there July 13, 1853, and arriving in Salt Lake City, September 30, 1853.
The next morning after arrival in Salt Lake City, William hired out to Franklin D. Richards for $12.00 per month. He also purchased a city lot and started planting crops. He was especially interested in fruit and planted all the seed he could obtain.
William was married to Mary Chandler, a widow, daughter of William and Mary Chandler, on the 31st day of July 1854 by Phineas Richards (Father of Apostle Franklin D. Richards). Mary was nineteen years older than William. No children were born of this union. They lived in Salt Lake on through the winter. In the spring of l855, they sold out in Salt Lake and moved to Ogden where a nice home was built. The trees that had been planted in Salt Lake were moved and replanted in Ogden. One of his peach trees bore three peaches in l857, which were the first to be grown in Ogden.
During the winter of l857, William stood guard in Echo Canyon while Johnson's Army was camped at Ft. Bridger. In the winter of l860, he was called by Loren Farr, because of his experience in mining in Wales, to blast away a large cliff of rocks in Ogden Canyon to complete the road between Ogden and Huntsville. This spot was known after as the Wadley Rock. Previous to the rock's removal wagons coming down or up the canyon had to transfer their loads at this point and turn around and return. This spot is now covered by the Pine View Dam.
On April 8, 1860, William married his second wife, seventeen year old Isabella McKay, daughter of William and Ellen Oman McKay. They received their endowments and were sealed in the Endowment House. William was also sealed to his first wife, Mary, at this time.
Isabella McKay was the daughter of William McKay and Ellen Oman (or Helen Oman). She was born on the 26th of August 1842. She had always claimed l843 as her birth year, but recent records of the Parish of Thurso state that she was christened on September 11, 1842, which would make her birth that year also. Thurso, Caithness, Scotland, where she was born was a beautiful little Scottish town close to the harbor town of Scrabster, which is the safest and most sheltered port of north Scotland. Trees are scarce, hills unknown, and the fields are small there now, as they must have been when Isabella lived there her first 15 years of life. The gleaming moorland covered with purple heather and dotted with small brown peat stacks surround Thurso and frame it with beauty. Thurso had a "kirk" (church), a market, a "Schule" (school), and an ale house when the William McKay family lived there. Isabella was the fourth of her parents' children -- Isaac, the oldest, then Barbara and John, who both died. Younger than Isabella were David, Wilhelmina (called Ena) and Catherine.
Isabella's parents were William McKay, born March 14, 1807 at Ravigill, Sutherland, Scotland, and Helen (or Ellen) Oman, christened August 10, 1810 at How, Thurso, Caithness, Scotland. Her grandfather, David Oman acted as a steward on the estate of the Earl of Caithness and lived in a beautiful ivy covered lodge on this estate. It was from this beautiful place that Ellen Oman, Isabella's mother, was married to William McKay on January 22, 1839.
Isabella had very little opportunity for schooling and was never able to write to any extent, but read a great deal.
The family was converted to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and were baptized in l850. They left their home in March 1856 to come to America and to Utah. They crossed the ocean on the ship "Thornton" commanded by Captain Collins. They had the experience of having fire break out on their ship while crossing, and also of having their ship pass very close to two large ice bergs. It took them six weeks to cross the ocean and the food was very poor and the drinking water also. Their quarters were badly ventilated and unsanitary, so they were very happy to have their ocean journey completed and to land at "Castle Gardens", New York on the 12th day of June, 1856.
The McKay family had intended to come to Salt Lake by using handcarts. The idea for using this means of transportation had been impressed upon the European saints for some time, and in l856 it was being accepted with enthusiasm. With handcarts, the British Saints could make the journey from Liverpool to Salt Lake City for about forty-five dollars, coming by way of New York or Boston to Iowa City, where they were fitted out to cross the plains. In preparation for the intended handcart journey, Isabella's mother commenced to throw overboard into the sea before they reached New York, her good things which she had taken so far, emptying her feather bed and spare pillows. Her husband finally told her he believed she would have nothing left, but she told him she was going to Zion.
When they landed in New York, they had anticipated being able to collect past earned wages from a contractor in Scotland, who had made the promise that he would hold their wages and send the money they had earned in Scotland to them in New York. But they were disappointed in this, because the contractor had gone bankrupt and could not pay the money. So the McKay family had at this time only three half-pennies for a family of seven. They were forced to stay in New York two years working to get money for the remainder of their trip to Utah. This delay was a blessing in disguise in one way, for it prevented the McKay's from crossing the plains in the Willie and Martin Companies, as many of the other saints did who came on the "Thornton". These two companies suffered great hardship and many casualties.
The family was widely separated during their stay in New York, and it was a very hard time for all of them. Isabella, who was fourteen years of age found a place to work in a little milk shop where she was given her food, as pay. After two years of hard work and economy the McKay family left New York for Iowa. They arrived in Council Bluffs in April 1859.
When the sixty wagons of the James S. Brown Company started out, the McKays were numbered among them. But there was a lame woman and her daughter left with no one to take them or be responsible for them, so Ellen McKay and her husband and family talked it over and decided the lame woman and her child and all her luggage and belongings must be loaded on top of their already overloaded wagon. The family of McKays would walk the thousand miles, and thus they, and Mrs. Gravy, would all be able to get to Zion.
Isabella, with the other members of her family walked the plains and waded the rivers. Their shoes became very hard and worn, and their feet so sore that it was impossible for them to get their shoes on, so the children walked most of the way barefooted. The company became very short of provisions and the main diet was a pudding made with a pot full of water, salted a little, with a pint of flour and a little milk stirred in it. Buffalo meat was an appreciated but scarce treat. After the wagons became nearly empty of provisions and they were on the down-hill slopes, some of the children were permitted to ride once in awhile.
When the company reached Fort Laramie, Father William went to the trading post to try and buy some flour. To his great surprise and actual joy he found a young man who had crossed the ocean with them. Robert Currewell's greetings were warm indeed. He was especially interested in the welfare of William's daughter, Isabella, with whom he had fallen in love on shipboard. Father William not only got some flour, but a gift for Isabella and mother Ellen. Isabella's eyes shone with new light as she opened her package. Two pair of fancy beaded moccasins were there! The other package was sugar!
The company traveled through Emigration Canyon, and over the bench where Camp Douglas is now located, arrived in Salt Lake on the 29th of August 1859. That night camped on Emigration Square, they had to go to bed without any supper, but they did not mind, for they were in Zion!
The next morning a man named Dan Carson took Mrs. Gravy and her daughter to his home. The McKay family never heard a word of thanks from this lame woman for the great sacrifice they had made to get her to Utah, either then or in later years.
The family located in Ogden, and established themselves after the manner of other pioneer families. The mother and girls learned to weave, spin and sew. One of their ways of getting a living was to spin a linen thread from flax, which they gathered, and then sell the thread to the F. A. Hammond Shoe Shop. They built themselves a large two room house and made their own furniture for it. Isabella went to work for the Moffatt family.
On April 8, 1860, William and Isabella were married. Isabella was only seventeen years old, and William, who was thirty-five years old, already had a wife who was nineteen years his senior. She was an invalid.
David Benjamin was the first child born to Isabella and William. He was born on February 22, 1861 and died the same day. A year later Mary Ellen was born.
At the Fall Conference in 1862, William was called by President Young to assist in settling Southern Utah. Preparations were made, and he and his family, consisting of his two wives, Mary and Isabella, and one daughter, Mary Ellen, moved in a covered wagon to Washington County about four miles east of the present St. George location. William had again dug up his trees and taken them with him. In the spring after the first winter in Washington County, the family was saddened by the death of beautiful 18-month old Mary Ellen. Again the family was childless until October 28, 1864, when the third child of William and Isabella, William Washington was born.
While helping to drain the swamps in the fields, father William contracted chills and fever, which almost took his life. He was advised by the bishop to move to a higher altitude. In 1865 Mary Chandler, William's first wife, died and was buried beside Mary Ellen, in Washington.
Again the farm was sold, and the family and trees were moved to Diamond Valley about twelve miles north. The first winter in Diamond Valley the family had only seven bushels of potatoes. Each time they peeled potatoes to eat they would cut a little deeper around the eyes. The eyes were kept damp all winter and planted in the spring. Three hundred bushels of potatoes were harvested that year. They also had three pecks of wheat that William planted with a hoe. He had a beautiful harvest of 60 bushels per acre. Here William regained his health.
But again he was called to move. He was called to Beaver Dam by President Erastus Snow to help make a settlement there. He took a load of fruit trees, and with others plowed some land, made irrigation ditches and built a dam and planted the trees. The men then went back to Diamond Valley to bring their families. In their absence from Beaver Dam, a heavy storm washed the trees, the irrigation ditches, and even the ground so the project was abandoned.
William then moved his family to Pine Valley, a pretty valley in the tops of the Pine Valley mountains. Here he planted another orchard. Some of the trees were still bearing fruit in l942.
The fourth child, Edward Franklin was born here May 9, 1869.
These days were hard times for the family, especially for Isabella. Their home was the wagon box or a crude dugout. In later years she was never willing to talk very much about this period of their life. She would say--"Those days are past now. Let's forget them and think about the present". The sorrow of losing her two first born children and the burden of nursing her husband's invalid, older wife had been very hard for her. The mission of colonizing and subduing the southern desert was a difficult one, and the staunch souls who fulfilled their mission all suffered many hardships.
During these years William had been corresponding with an old friend in England, Mary Byard. Arrangements had been made that he would meet her in Salt Lake City when she arrived, which he did, and they were married in l869 (November). Whether Isabella knew of this arrangement before he brought his new wife back to St. George is not known, but she accepted the arrangement willingly. Plural marriage was a church doctrine, and no word of criticism against the church or its leaders, ever passed her lips. There was always love and harmony between the two wives and their families. William took back to Isabella from Salt Lake, a large mirror as a gift on this trip. It was a precious thing in those days and its long journey back to Southern Utah was made without chiping or cracking and Isabella always treasured it.
It was in their Pine Valley home that Mary Byard's first child, Julia Ann was born in February 26, 1871, and Isabella's fifth child, Joseph Isaac, on July 19, 1871.
William's brother Joseph had located at Pleasant Grove. Being desirous of returning to England on a mission he wanted William to take care of his farm while he was away. William, therefore, was released from his mission and moved to Pleasant Grove in 1872.
When Joseph returned from England, William started out to find some property for himself. He walked north along the foothills located east of Pleasant Grove until he reached a spring of water called the "Little Spring." He liked the land below the spring. He purchased a squatter's right from George Clark and paid $350.00 for his eighty acres. When he applied for a homestead right, he included the land owned by William Stewart, Hans Olsen, and C. P. Larsen. After receiving the patent, he deeded to each of them without any charge the land they had claimed. The spring on the hill was owned by Willard and Joseph Halliday, who offered to sell their claim for $75.00. Inasmuch as he had already used his homestead right, he entered the forty acres adjoining the spring under the Timber Act. This provided that at least five hundred trees must be growing on the land before a patent could be obtained. He raised from seed the ash and locust trees needed to prove up on the ground. After acquiring the spring he commenced to develop it by digging tunnels and prospecting for more water.
When the family moved out to this new farm in the spring of 1873, they had a tent and a covered wagon box lifted off to the ground. Two babies were born at this time. Emily Agnes found her home in the tent on June 28, 1873 to Isabella, and Elizabeth Emeline arrived to the wagon box on April 12, 1873 to Mary Byard Wadley.
The first winter William made a dug-out for his family. William, two wives and five children lived together there. The following summer they built one room about 18 by 20 feet. The building material was a soft rock taken from the hill nearby and cut into blocks. The next summer, a lean-to was added and Mary moved into it. Helena Jane, born June 1, 1876 and Richard David, born December 17, 1879, Isabella's seventh and eighth children and Thomas Soloman, Mary's third child, born January 23, 1878 arrived. About that time the house was made into a four-room home. A second small home was built to the south for Mary and her family.
Another son, John Byard, was born in 1879 to Mary. He died at birth. Her fifth and last child, Nephi James was born July 10, 1881.
In Isabella's family three year old Helena Jane died. John Emer was born March 21, 1881; Daniel McKay, January 31, 1883; Jeanette Isabella, October 2, 1884; and Thomas Wilford, February 1886. Thomas Wilford, twelfth and last child, lived only two years.
When the family first moved out to the farm in the spring of 1873, much of the land in the neighborhood had been abandoned, as it would form a hard crust on the surface after it had been irrigated by flooding, and this flooding method was the way people used to do their irrigating at this time. Some people said the Wadleys would starve to death, and that nothing could be raised on the heavy clay ground. William's brother, Joseph, was so convinced of the worthlessness of the ground that he put a claim into the Bishop's court saying that his brother had been taken advantage of. But William appeared in court to say that he felt he had made a fair agreement. With his past experience, he was able to overcome the great difficulty by corrugating or furrowing the ground and not letting the water spread over the surface. By this method he was able to raise fair crops. He was probably one of the first to use this method of irrigating in furrows which has become the method generally used throughout the region.
While he had been in Southern Utah, he had been able to secure some alfalfa seed that had come from California. This he planted, and the results were remarkable. It not only yielded abundantly, but it was just what the ground needed to lighten it up. The ground that was thought to be worthless proved to be very productive.
William had the first Marsh Harvester for grain in the valley. He continued his fruit nursery and supplied young trees for homemakers all over Utah and Salt Lake Counties. For many years he had the only grape vineyard of tender California grapes in northern Utah. It was not uncommon to see as many as a hundred buggies and wagons in front of Wadley's on Sundays buying and enjoying the grapes and other fruit.
As the fruit trees grew and became more productive, it became the responsibility of the wives and children to take care of the harvest. Generally the fruit was picked and dried, as that was the best way to dispose of it. A market for good, dried fruit was generally accessible in the stores. The dried fruit could be used in trade for clothing and other necessities which the family needed. All kinds of fruit were dried -- peaches, apples, plums, apricots and grapes. The grapes were especially plentiful and good, and the dried grapes became raisins which were used in mince meat, plum puddings and also eaten as sweets. The children loved them, and they were generously passed to neighbors children as well. Whenever an entertainment was given, the primary children or other organizations, Isabella's raisins became part of the refreshments. William also planted and successfully raised hazel nuts.
Drying the fruit was an arduous and demanding task, and consumed almost the entire time of the summer. The fruit must be gathered in boxes, brought to the cutting place, then spread on the drying scaffolds, and left in the sun to dry. If the weather remained dry and sunny, the fruit dried into a nice product. But if the weather became rainy those scaffolds had to be piled up and covered to keep the fruit from getting wet. Many times it was necessary to get up in the middle of the night and pile up over a hundred of the scaffolds. But this was the women's and children's task and William could not be bothered with such work.
Because of his experience in mining, and his knowledge of it he was convinced there was wealth to be found in the mountains east of his home, and he spent some time prospecting. He found some little pockets of anthracite coal, and his method of testing it was to bring some of into the house and have the women try and burn it in the stove. Sometimes it would burn, and other times it turned out to be partly or entirely rock. At another time he discovered a good vein of onyx high up on the Mahogany Mountain. This could have been sold for a good price but his partner, John Devey refused to sell.
William, together with his son, Isaac, Mr. Devey, and maybe others located the Timpanogos Cave and leased it to a company who shipped a car of onyx out of it. This was about in 1893. Fire clay was found on the hill and from l900 has been shipped to smelters all over the Western States.
While they were still living in Washington, William and Ed Meredith were up a canyon, near Leeds, getting out wood. A flash flood washed out the road and uncovered a vein of ore. They took some samples back to President Erastus Snow. He told them to go about raising food and forget the ore. William followed this counsel but Ed went back to investigate further. As he was bending over the vein he heard several gun shots which frightened him so much that he covered up the ore and left. William thought about that ore a great deal in his later life and was planning a trip back to investigate but was dissuaded by President Stephen L. Chipman. At the present time a silver mine is located in that vicinity.
William also mixed cement and made slabs for graves, to replace the wooden planks that had been used formerly to hold dirt off the pine boxes. He also made cement pipes.
Another of his activities was the raising of bees to produce honey. This he did from a very early date. At one time he had 600 colonies of honey bees. His children still have the memory of having to go through the colonies of bees, along a winding path, through the orchard to the "five-holed" toilet. They feared the bees, and in order to make the journey safely, the girls would wear their waist aprons, and throw them over their heads as they passed through the bees.
A Mr. Covington from Salt Lake encouraged William to use the big crop of fruit that was going to waste, into brandy for medical use. After consideration, William agreed to build the distillery if Covington would over-see making the product. After building the plant and buying the machinery, they found they needed a permit of $1.10 per gallon. The expense was so very heavy that they operated only one year. Isabella had been very much opposed to this project. It was very much out of character in the Wadley family for Isabella to exert her will or oppose her husband in anything, but in this venture she even hinted she would like to "burn it down". So its failure was no disappointment to her.
While in the Dixie Mission, William had obtained stock in the cotton mills which were established near St. George. The dividends for many years afterwards came to him in the form of cloth, and the children now remember many of the suits and dresses obtained from the "linsy" and wool sent them from the mill in St. George. One of the special dividends was a beautiful paisley shawl, and in order not to show partiality between his two wives, William tore it in half, and gave Isabella and Mary each one-half.
William had a suit made for himself by one of the tailors in town (who refused pay for making it, because of past favors from William). The material in the suit was beautiful and durable. William wore the suit the remainder of his life and at his death it was given to his son, Isaac, who wore it for many years after.
William was persistently plagued by the idea that there was water to be had in Cedar Valley, and he would see in his mind the beautiful, smooth fields, well watered and productive. So at one time, he worked extensively on a wall which he located about four miles west of the present location of Fairfield. The dirt was elevated by hand by way of a windlass. Laboriously he dug 180 feet down, but was unable to strike water, so gave up the activity, although the idea still persisted.
In North Field, as Manila was first called, William served as a ward teacher before the organization of the Branch. When the branch was organized, he was called to be branch president. On November 13, 1888, he was set apart to perform a short mission to England. He landed there on November 28, 1888. While in England he spent much time with his own family, teaching them the gospel and gathering names and dates of many relatives and friends that have been valuable in genealogy work. He returned to Pleasant Grove, April 4, 1889. He brought two very close friends, Thomas Clifford and his wife, Maria. He built a home for the Cliffords a short distance north of his own home. He gave them a little plot of ground, and maintained them the rest of their lives. He also advanced the passage of John Illies, his sister, Alice, and Heber White, who came two months later.
When the ward was organized in 1890, William was chosen first counselor to Knute Swenson, and Joe Halliday was second counselor. They were in the Bishopric until l898. During this time the meeting house was partially completed. William donated the soft rock which was used in the construction of it. He also furnished the cement slabs which later capped the retaining wall, as it was extended east to the tithing barn.
When the Relief Society was organized in the ward, Isabella became the first President. This was September 14, 1890. She was very diligent and faithful in this calling. This work and most other activities which Isabella and the children did were accomplished without the cooperative aid of William. It was not his philosophy to help or assist his family very much. Isabella would hitch up the horse and buggy and proceed to meetings. If William was to attend he would take his coat over his arm, to be put on when he arrived, take his little brightly polished brass bucket, with the sacrament bread wrapped in a white napkin, and walk to the meeting house. Isabella would pass him on the road and proceed calmly on, taking care of the tying of her own horse and other chores upon arrival. (William's reluctance to ride when he went anywhere could have at least partly been due to his consideration of his animals. He thought they worked hard and needed a rest on Sundays.)
Isabella's Relief Society work was a great joy to her, and she magnified her calling in the truest sense. Her home was always open to friends or strangers, and her table was always set for extra people. Very few people ever came to her home without being fed. Her supply of mince pies, (which she baked by the dozen--three batches, four at a time in her oven) and plum puddings was never exhausted. She loved people and loved to serve them.
In those times there were many poor families to be taken care of, and many times Isabella gathered baskets of food and took to families in need. She also had the responsibility, as Relief Society President, of taking care of those who died. All of the sewing for the dead was done by the Relief Society, as well as the task of "sitting with the dead", which was customary at that time.
There were not outlined lessons for the Relief Society at that time, so their meetings were largely the responsibility of the officers. They consisted of sewing, some assigned lessons, and testimony bearing. There was usually some project of helping each other under way also. Fruit cutting "Bees" and Sewing "Bees" were typical of the neighborly help and social activity, the combination of which was very much enjoyed by everyone.
When the call came from the General Board in l892 for the sisters to raise silk worms in order to produce silk for fabric locally, Isabella responded to the call. William had planted some mulberry trees, and that was one requirement, for the worms had to have mulberry leaves to eat. Isabella got the silk worm eggs. They were put in a small section of trays and kept warm behind the kitchen stove. When they were hatched, they were fed the mulberry leaves. The worms grew so fast that the leaves soon had to be carried to them on the branches, then large limbs were put on the tables where the worms were. It was an extensive job to keep them fed, but after several weeks the worms wove their cocoons. Then at a certain stage the worms had to be killed in the cocoon before they emerged as moths. This must be done so that the silk thread on the cocoon would not be broken where the moth came out. The cocoons were then taken to Provo where there was a reeler, and the silk thread was reeled off. But the work was difficult and tying. It involved the whole family, except William who was not interested in such affairs. Carrying leaves and branches to the worms and cleaning up after them became an almost constant job. The project was discontinued after a year as being unprofitable, but there were some things produced with Utah Silk, including a silk flag for the World's Fair, and a number of dress goods.
William died June 28, 1912. He was always a very stern man, and governed his family strictly. He believed the word of the father should be law. His love or affection for his family was very seldom demonstrated. He did not consider that it was his duty to provide money for his family to purchase the necessities of life. He planted the fruit trees, and other things that gave them means of earning their own living, and he considered his duty done. It was always the responsibility of Isabella to find the means somehow to get the things the family needed and wanted for its sustenance and happiness. William's demands came first in the family's consideration. The wives were quick to get the dinner on the table when Father William was seen approaching. When he was in bed rather early after a hard day the children were very careful not to disturb him.
All of his life William worked hard. In fact, work was his life. He was short of stature, and vigorous of action. A typical picture of him was to see him working in the field with a short-handled hoe, which was the only kind he would use. He would be bent over practically to the ground, and doing his hoeing methodically and doggedly--very seldom looking or straightening up.
One day he climbed to the top of Deer-creek canyon with his friend John Devey. He reminded John, as they sat at the top of the mountain, that it was his (William's) eightieth birthday.
One of his physical characteristics was that he always wore a beard. One time he had been away from home for a period of time, and when he came home he had shaved off his beard. As he came into the house, neither his wife, nor his family recognized him on sight.
He was stern in his demands of conformance with the rules of Sabbath Day observance as he understood them. There was never any playing, or partying, or joyfulness on this day. Family prayers were held regularly in the home, but always the prayer was said by William, morning and night.
William would have been known in present times as an advanced agriculturist. He was beyond his time in his knowledge of nursery work and soils. He made many improvements in his fruit products by budding and pruning, etc., and was always seeking ways of furthering the improvement and quality of his products. His contribution to the knowledge of his times along this line was great, as was his contribution to the knowledge of methods of irrigation. He also helped beautify his own community and many others by his liberal planting of trees himself and his contribution of trees to others. He had the plan at one time to plant a row of trees on each side of the road from his home, into Pleasant Grove, about 2 miles, but this project was ever entirely completed, although many of the trees along this road and in many other places are still growing in l955. He contributed and planted the trees which make up the grove at the north of the Manila Ward Church. He also planted a row of trees across the road south of the meeting house which were used for shade for horses, and for tying the horses, of those attending church. These were removed when the road was widened and surfaced.
Isabella was released from the Relief Society February 3, 1900, when Mrs. Isadore Beck was sustained as president. It was during the year of 1900 that she slipped on the ice and broke her leg. This was very painful and serious for her. She was in bed for six weeks. For four of the weeks she had to lay on her back with a 25 pound weight suspended or hung on her foot to keep her leg straight while it knit. She was cared for by Jeanette, her sixteen year old daughter, but her suffering was great due to the fact that she could not be moved. During this trying time, as at all other times, she was patient and sweet.
She lived four years after her husband died. She died February 9, 1916. She loved her family and she loved the gospel. Never was any member of her family permitted to speak against the leaders of the church. She herself never spoke ill of anyone. She never gossiped! A tale told her stopped at once. Her family and all who knew her loved her dearly.
She was always careful with her clothes and took pride in looking well dressed at all times. She earned the money for her own clothes, and they were beautifully made, and worn with pride.
Isabella was not a meek woman, but she was submissive to her husband's will in most things. She insisted that the children be obedient to him, and tried at all times to prevent friction in their home. Her "Good Old Scotch Tenacity of Purpose" was evidenced, however, in teaching her children the right principles. And there was one thing in which her will was indomitable. She would attend General Conference in Salt Lake City twice a year no matter what the obstacle! She would go into Salt Lake for two or three days, and meet her McKay kinfolk from Ogden and Huntsville. They would always meet at the northeast corner of the Assembly Hall, and go into the same place in the tabernacle to sit each year. They would take their lunch with them; and stay in the tabernacle the full day. Often she would take one or the other of the children with her. Then she and her brothers or sisters and whatever members of their families they brought with them, would get rooms in a little hotel at First South and West Temple. After conference she would return home and settle into her work and routine again unflinchingly until time for next conference.
The family of William and Isabella, as well as the family of Mary Byard, William's third wife, have a right to be proud of their claim on these noble people. As pioneers their contribution was great. And as parents they left their posterity a name to be worn with pride, and an example of lives spent in a good cause.
Life Sketch of William Wadley
Contributor: PapaMoose Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
William Wadley, oldest son of Edward Wadley and Ann Reynolds Wadley, was born October 8, 1825, in the Perish of Newent, Gloucestershire, England. At the age of seven he was sent to work for a farmer quite a distance from home. His job was to feed and care for the farm horses and then ride the lead horse in the field. The horses worked single file. They were fed about three o'clock in the morning, so they could start working at daybreak. As he grew older he did other work and became a very efficient farmer. At the age of nineteen he quit farming and went to Wales to work in the coal mines. It was here he heard the Mormon missionaries and was baptized December 4, 1848 and was confirmed the next Sunday by David John, who later became president of the Utah Stake at Provo, Utah.
About three months after joining the church he was ordained a teacher and then later a priest and was sent out to preach the gospel. About a year later he was ordained an elder and continued his missionary work in Wales until April, 1851, when he was released from Wales and returned to England, where he continued to explain the principles of the gospel to his family and friends and had the privilege of baptizing his father, mother, brother Joseph, and many others.
There being sufficient converts to the church, a branch was organized at Linton. Later there were two other branches formed, and a district was organized and he was appointed to preside over it until released to emigrate to Zion.
William and his brother Joseph left their father's home on January 5, 1853, for Liverpool, where he took passage on a sailing ship in the Vincent Shurtliff Company, which, after reaching the United States, sailed up the Mississippi River to near where St. Louis now stands. This was where the Latter-Day Saints were outfitting for the trip to Salt Lake Valley. Because of a great number of emigrants coming across the plains, all the available cattle had been purchased, so he and two other men were selected to go back farther from the river and purchase the stock needed for the Shurtliff Company. They traveled on foot one thousand miles before sufficient stock could be purchased for the trip to the Valley.
They arrived in Salt Lake City on September 28, 1853. The next morning he hired out to Franklin D. Richards. He also purchased a city lot and started planting crops. He was especially interested in fruit and planted all the seed he could obtain. In the spring of 1855, he sold his lot and moved to Ogden, taking with him the trees he had started and replanting them on the lot he purchased in Ogden. One of his peach trees bore three peaches in 1857, which were the first peaches to be grown in Ogden.
During the winter of 1857, he stood guard in Echo Canyon while Johnson's Army was camped at Ft. Bridger. In the winter of 1860 he was called by Jasson Far, because of his experience in mining in Wales, to blast away a large cliff of rocks in Ogden Canyon to complete the road between Ogden and Huntsville. This spot was known after as the Wadley Rock.
In April, 1860, he married Isabella McKay. Of this union twelve children were born.
At the Fall Conference in 1862, he was called by President young to assist in settling Southern Utah. Preparations were made, and he and his family moved to Washington County about four miles east of St. George and lived there during the winter. Again he dug up his trees and hauled them to Washington County. While helping to drain the swamps in the Washington fields he contracted chills and fever, which almost took his life, and he was advised to move to a higher altitude. He moved to Diamond Valley about twelve miles north. In 1865, after regaining his health, he sold out and was sent by President Erastus Snow to assist in colonizing the Beaver Dam Section. He took a load of fruit trees and with others plowed some land, made irrigation ditches and built a dam. He then planted trees, after which time the men returned for their families. Shortly after, a heavy storm and cloud-burst washed away the trees, the irrigation ditches, and even the ground, so the project was abandoned. He moved to Pine Valley, a very pretty valley in the top of the Pine Valley mountains. Here he planted another orchard, and some of the trees are still bearing fruit. He also raised potatoes and wheat which had to be cut and threshed by hand.
William's brother, Joseph, had located at Pleasant Grove. Being desirous of returning to England on a mission, he wanted William to take care of his farm while he was away. He, therefore, was released from his mission and moved to Pleasant Grove in 1872. After his brother returned, he purchased a quarter right to eighty acres of land two miles north of Pleasant Grove, which he homesteaded. At this time, much of the ground in this neighborhood had been abandoned, as it would form a hard crust on the surface after it had been irrigated by flooding, and some people said he would starve to death as nothing could be raised on that heavy clay ground. With his vast experience, he was able to overcome the great difficulty by corrugating or furrowing the ground and not letting the water spread over the surface. By this method he was able to raise fair crops. He also has secured some alfalfa seed that had come from California while he was in Southern Utah. This he planted, and the results were remarkable. It not only yielded abundantly, but it was just what the ground needed to lighten it up. The ground was thought to be worthless proved to be very productive. He continued his fruit nursery and supplied young trees for homemakers all over Utah and Salt Lake Counties. For many years he had the only grape vineyard of tender California grapes in Northern Utah.
On November 13, 1888, he was set apart to perform a short mission to England. He landed there on November 28 and returned to Pleasant Grove on April 4, 1889. He brought with him two very close friends, Thomas Clufford and wife, Maria Clufford. He also advanced the passage for John Illes, his sister Alice, and Heber White who came two months later.
William died on June 28, 1912, at the age of eighty-seven years, eight months and twenty days.