Paulinus Harvey Allred 1829 – 1900 By Debra Gunther Holley, great-great-granddaughter
Contributor: Celique Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
Paulinus Harvey Allred 1829 – 1900
By Debra Gunther Holley, great-great-granddaughter
Paulinus Harvey Allred was born 21 January 1829 in Farmington, Bedford County, Tennessee to Isaac and Mary Calvert Allred. He was the 10th of 13 children, three sisters and nine brothers; Elizabeth Martin (died at age 7), John Calvert, Nancy Weakley, Sarah Lovisa, William Moore, Reddin Alexander & Reddick Newton (twins), Mary Caroline, James Riley, Joseph Anderson, Isaac Morley and Sidney Rigdon.
When Paulinus was very young (1830) his family moved to Monroe County Missouri, near the Salt River and lived at what became known as the Allred Settlement. We learn a little about his life there from his older brother William Moore Allred’s journal.
“The first winter we lived in Missouri, I think the snow fell in
November about two feet deep and stayed on the ground all winter,
and towards spring there came a thaw and then froze a crust on the
snow so we could walk on it and as there were plenty of deer in
that country, we could go out and find the deer and when they
would jump they would break through (the snow) and the dogs
could run on top the snow so we could catch them.”
The Allred family first heard of the restored church when Hyrum Smith and John Murdock visited their settlement in 1831 and preached the gospel. Later, three other elders joined them and on September 10, 1831, they baptized 19 people from the Allred Settlement into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Among the converts were Paulinus’ brother William, his parents (Isaac and Mary) and one or two of his sisters. In June of 1834, when Paulinus was five years old, a large encampment of men known as Zion’s Camp stopped at his Uncle James’ farm, with Joseph Smith leading the company.
“The prophet was on his way with Zion’s Camp to relieve the
suffering of the saints in Jackson County and arrives at the Salt
River Settlement (Allred Settlement) June 7, 1834. They camped
there four days refreshing and reorganizing the camp. Uncle James
raised 10 volunteers and joined the camp. On the return trip the
Prophet visited the Salt River Branch and advised the saints to
gather in Clay County.”
“Unpublished Incidents in the Life of William Moore Allred”
by Theras Orson Allred and Iris Allred Nielsen
The family then moved, probably in 1835, to Clay County Missouri as the prophet had advised. While living there, Isaac noticed that Paulinus’ mouth “would pull to one side” when he laughed. He sent for the elders to give Paulinus a healing blessing. His mouth was immediately healed and he had no further problem with it.
The Allred family experienced all the persecution of the Saints at that time. They moved to Caldwell County, Missouri, then to Adams County, Illinois and then Nauvoo. They enjoyed a happy life in Nauvoo and had close association with the Prophet Joseph Smith. In 1846 Paulinus, now 17 years old, left Nauvoo with the other Saints. He settled with his parents in Winter Quarters for a time (near present day Omaha, Nebraska) and then lived in Kanesville, Iowa (Council Bluffs). While living here, Paulinus married Melissa Isabel Norton, daughter of David and Elizabeth Benefield Norton on February 3, 1848. In the summer of that year, they traveled with the Brigham Young Company to Salt Lake City and settled in Cottonwood (Salt Lake City).
In 1854 Paulinus and Melissa moved south to Lehi to raise their family. They made Lehi their home and lived there for the rest of their lives. In 1856 Paulinus took part in the rescue of the Hunt and Hodgetts wagon trains, which were traveling behind the Willie and Martin handcart companies. He was in the last rescue group with other men from Lehi. They met the immigrants at Fort Bridger and brought them the rest of the way to Salt Lake.
“Brigham Young requested Bishop Evans (of Lehi) to fit out a
relief expedition and proceed to the assistance of the unfortunates
with all possible speed. A company of twenty men with teams
and ten wagons, provided with provisions and feed, was the
response. The captain of these men was Joseph Skeens and
some of his companions were Alonzo D. Rhodes, Abraham
Brown, Samuel Cousins, Newal A. Brown, Riley Judd, Henry
McConnell, Paulinus H. Allred and William Dawson.
“The company left Lehi on December 10. On account of the great
drifts of snow which they encountered in the mountains, they
could travel only with great difficulty and but very slowly. . . .They
reached Fort Bridger and found the immigrants on the verge of
starvation. Their provisions were exhausted and their teams so
poor they could not continue their journey. The arrival of the
company from Lehi saved them from a most pitiable condition
and the possibility of death from starvation.
“Now began the return march. More snow had fallen, so the
homeward journey was more difficult than ever. It was almost
impossible to get the teams through the deep drifts. They arrived
at the Big Mountain one day about sundown and found the snow
near the top to be about twenty feet deep and so loose and dry
it would not pack. With great exertion, Captain Skeens crawled
to the top and to his great joy found a company of men camped
on the other side. When he told them the condition of his
expedition, they came at once to the rescue.
“. . . . (They) opened the trail and the company passed over safely.
The expedition encountered no further trouble and reached home in
safety, having traveled about three hundred and thirty miles over the mountains in fifteen days. The cold had been so severe that every
member of the party had fingers or toes frost bitten.”
“History of Lehi”, Hamilton Gardner, p. 112-114
Picture p. 146
This would have been a great sacrifice for Paulinus and Melissa and their family. They had lived in Lehi only a short time and were themselves lacking and suffering as they tried to establish a home and take care of their own family. We see from this that they had strong testimonies and were obedient to his church leaders.
In 1861, Brigham Young started a new program where wagons loaded with goods, produced by the Saints in Utah were taken east to Florence, Nebraska. After they were unloaded, they picked up the waiting immigrants and brought them west. This was a great service to the poor immigrants, helping them to come to Zion. As the railroad construction continued, the “down-and-back” companies, as they came to be known, would pick-up the pioneers west of Florence. With the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869, the era of pioneers crossing the plains by wagon or handcart came to an end. (John K. Hulmston, “Mormon Immigration in the 1860s: the Story of the Church Trains,” Utah Historical Quarterly, winter 1990 p. 32-48)
Paulinus was called upon to help with this program. The following letter to Bishop David Evans in Lehi, most likely written in 1863 gives some understanding of that time:
“Dear Brother: In view of the increasing anxiety of our leaders to
assist the poor from the Old and New Worlds, coupled with the
warmest desire to get them here, we are prompted to make an extra
effort this year to bring them hither; and to carry out such design,
we will be obliged to fit out and equip at least five hundred teams to
bring them from Florence.
“In proportioning these teams among the Territorial wards, your
ward will be expected to furnish eight ox or mule teams and an equal
number of good and trusty teamsters, and one mounted guard, armed
and equipped for a four or five month’s journey with clothing,
provisions, ferriage means (fee for ferry passage), ammunition, ox
or mule shoes, spades, axes, picks, ropes, augers, saws etc., for down
and back trips without the expectation of receiving any assistance
from any other source.
“As sacks and sacking are scarce, you will have to make boxes to put
the flour in, for the poor on the road. Each team will be expected to
have sufficient boxes to carry at least one thousand pounds of flour for
“The flour and grain must be brought to this city, and a full and
detailed report made to us of the amount of flour for the poor, number
of teams, etc., so that a settlement can be made with you after their
return in the fall.
“The teams are expected to leave this city about the 25th of April next,
and will have to be such as will bear inspection before starting. The
captain assigned to take charge of your teams is Peter Nebeker, of
Mill Creek, this county, who will as soon as possible put himself in communication with you.”
Your Brethren in the Gospel,Edward Hunter
L. W. Hardy
J. C. Little
“History of Lehi”, Hamilton Gardner, p. 112-114
Paulinus was involved with the last of the immigration trains in 1868 with a group of fifty wagons. After that time immigrants were able to come by train all the way to Ogden. His companions were Thomas Fowler, Joseph Evans, Benjamin S. Lott, George Zimmerman, John Peterson and Joseph W. Goates, with John R. Murdock as leader. During this trip, Paulinus had an interesting encounter upon seeing the railroad for the first time, which gives us a glimpse of his personality:
“This company encountered the Union Pacific Railway which was then
being built westward. Some of the men had never seen a locomotive
before. Among this number was Paulinus H. Allred, who, upon first
sight of the steel monster, stood fixed with amazement. A railroad man,
seeing his wonderment, thought to ridicule him and said, ‘Where were
you raised that you have never seen a railroad?’ ‘Sir,’ said Allred,
‘I was always ahead of them.’
“History of Lehi”, Hamilton Gardner, p. 112-114
In the United States 1850 Census, Paulinus is listed as a cordmaker. In Lehi, he farmed and grew the first stack of alfalfa hay in Lehi in 1867. He and Melissa built an adobe home near the center of town and raised a family of eight children; James Henry, Isaac Harvey, Dilbert Hyrum, Melissa Isabel, Paulinus Heber, Orissa, Alma Hilford and Joseph Herman. In Melissa’s history from the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, another child, Paulinus, is listed as a twin to Isaac and may have died at birth. Melissa and Paulinus were always generous with what little they had and cared for those who were less fortunate.
Melissa died on July 26, 1892, having suffered physical afflictions for many years. In her obituary was written, “Too much cannot be said of her kind-hearted husband for his unceasing and untiring efforts during her years of affliction to comfort his wife.”
In 1894, Paulinus married Frances Emeline Dover Hartness (or Harkness) Kell. She died on July 16, 1900 and Paulinus followed her on November 19, 1900 at the age of 71. They are both buried in the Lehi City Cemetery along with Melissa and many of their descendents. Throughout his life Paulinus exhibited virtues of hard work, triumph through trial, service to others and kindness as a husband and father; a righteous example and stalwart servant of God.
Additional sources not listed in the text:
Betha Allred Gunther, personal records
Patriarchal Blessing for Paulinus Harvey Allred, Church Archives
Lehi City Cemetery Records
“Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah”, Carter p. 716, picture p. 53
“Lehi – Portraits of a Utah Town”, Van Wagoner, p. 75, 296, 304
“Pioneer Trails”, Church Educational System
Deseret News, November 1870, Obituary of Isaac Allred
Ibid. 18 August 1892, Obituary of Melissa Norton Allred
lds.org (Pioneer Overland Trail 1847-1868)
From the compiler: Through months of research I have verified this information to the best of my ability from reliable sources. There are some discrepancies in published and online data. If anyone has additional information or questions about Paulinus or his family, please contact me at 801-367-1883 or email@example.com. I would appreciate any additional information.