Richard Carlisle & Family Ocean Crossing
Contributor: PKristineHurd Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
"The ship Ellen went out of dock on the 6th instant, having on board a company of Saints, consisting of four hundred and sixty-six souls, under the presidential care of Elders J. [James] W. Cummings, Crandall Dunn, and William Moss. . . ." "FIFTY-SECOND COMPANY. -- Ellen, 466 souls. The ship Ellen sailed from Liverpool on Monday, January 6th, 1851, having on board a company of Saints, consisting of four hundred and sixty-six souls, under the presidential care of Elders James W. Cummings, Crandall Dunn, and William Moss. The ship remained anchored in the river opposite Liverpool until the eighth, about eleven o'clock a.m., when anchor was weighed, and the Saints were soon under way with a fair wind. The good Ellen ran at the rate of seven miles an hour till about eleven o'clock at night when she struck a schooner, thereby breaking her jib boom and main and foreyards. The following day the captain put into Cardigan Bay, North Wales, to repair, and in a few days the ship was ready for sea again; but as the wind on the very day the vessel put into port changed to an unfavorable quarter and remained there for three weeks, she remained in port; and the Saints considered the accident that had happened a blessing to them, as they were comfortable in port while hundreds of people were being tumbled about on the face of the troubled seas. During the storm many vessels were also wrecked, and hundreds of human beings consigned to a watery grave. The captain at length became impatient, and although the wind still continued unfavorable, the Ellen again weighed anchor on the twenty-third of January and put to sea, but the wind blew a strong gale from the direction the ship wanted to sail, and consequently only a little progress was made for several days. On February 1st, however, the wind changed to a favorable quarter the Ellen stood fairly out to sea, and the passengers soon lost sight of the Irish coast. From that time they enjoyed pleasant weather and fair winds, and on the night of the fourteenth of March, the Ellen anchored in the Mississippi River, off New Orleans, making the passage from Cardigan Bay (which is twelve hours sail from Liverpool) in seven weeks. During the voyage ten deaths occurred, two adults, namely, James Wright, of Skellow, and the wife of William Allen, from the Birmingham Conference; the remainder were children. Brother Wright and Sister Allen died of fever; four of the children died with the measles, three of consumption and one of inflamation of the chest. The measles broke out among the emigrants the day they left the dock, and nearly every child on board had them, besides several adults. Altogether there were about seventy cases. Many of the children also suffered from what Elder Cummings terms the tropical cough, which was something similar to the whooping cough. During the voyage six marriages were also solemnized and one birth took place. Immediately after leaving port, the presidency on board divided the company into twelve divisions or wards, allotting ten berths to each division, and a president appointed to preside over each six, so that there were twelve companies in the steerage with a president over each, and two to preside over the whole. The second cabin was organized in like manner. The priesthood were also organized, and presidents appointed over them to see that they attended to their duties. This complete organization was found to be of great utility in preserving peace, good order, and the health and comfort of the Saints while on board. President Cummings and his two counselors watched over their flock with the utmost care, and in meeting in council with the brethren who had charge of the smaller divisions they could easily learn the condition of every Saint on board. If any were sick, or in want, or in transgression, they were made acquainted with it immediately adopted measures to relieve the wants of the needy and to prevent iniquity from creeping into their midst. Men were appointed to visit every family twice a day, and to administer to the sick. At New Orleans the company chartered the steamer Alexander Scott, to take the emigrants to St. Louis, Missouri; they paid two and a half dollars per head for adults, all luggage included, and half price for children. The company left New Orleans on the morning of March 19th, and landed in St. Louis on the twenty-sixth after a good passage. Two children died coming up the river, and one child was born. A number of the emigrants, who were not prepared to continue the journey right away, found employment in St Louis, while the others proceeded on their way to the Bluffs . In the Frontier Guardian of May 16th, 1851, the following notice appears: 'Elders J. W. Cummings, Crandall Dunn and William Moss arrived at Kanesville per steamer Sacramento, on Friday, May 2nd, 1851, from St. Louis with a company of two hundred English Saints, generally in good health and spirits; many of the company are destined for the Great Salt Lake Valley this season, the remainder will settle in Pottawattamie. Elizabeth Bladen, one of the company, died of congestive fever coming up the river; her age is said to be nine years.' (Millennial Star, Vol. XIII, pages, 24, 158.)" "Wed. 8. [Jan. 1851] -- The ship Ellen sailed from Liverpool, England, with 466 Saints, under the direction of James W. Cummings; it arrived at New Orleans, March 14th. "
Life in Utah
Contributor: PKristineHurd Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
Upon arriving in Utah, James Healey found employment in the home of Davis McOlney of Alpine Utah. While there he became acquainted with Richard Carlisle who was also working for Davis McOlney. He had a daughter named Mary Carlisle James. Mary had also lost her husband to Cholera on his way to Utah. They were married in 1855, and she raised and loved his sons as her own children. Davis McOlney, proved a very dear friend and allowed them to buy some of his land and pay for it in labor, grain, or anything they could spare. This is how they got their start. The saints were in extra poverty at this time. Their bedstead was a wagon box turned over and a straw tick for a mattress, and the stove was an old fashioned fireplace. Under these conditions, her first baby, Mary Alice, was born. She came near to losing her life as there was no good help to be had and it took several days to make the trip to Salt Lake by oxteam. Their family consisted of six children, four girls, Mary Alice, Elizabeth, Jane Fields, and Martha, and two boys, James and Richard.
Married John James
Contributor: PKristineHurd Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
Mary and John James were anxious to go to Zion, and as money was very scarce, John arranged for her to precede him with a company who were leaving shortly after their marriage. He planned to follow just as soon as he could make proper arrangements and earn enough money. John contracted Cholera as he started on his journey and passed away enroute to Utah.
PIONEER Philip De La Mare Company (1852) Departure: 4 July 1852 Arrival: 10 November 1852
Contributor: PKristineHurd Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
Company Information: This company transported machinery for the first beet sugar refinery ever brought to the western hemisphere; with it were a number of emigrant families. Her father and two brothers came on the - Philip De la Mare Company 1852 Father: Richard (54) Children: Thomas Fields (29) John (19) But - there is no record of her being with them. She had to have been!
Morris, Elias, Autobiographical sketch.
previous to our starting from for Leavensworth that Elder Taylor came from Kanesville to organized the camp by appointing Elder Phillip Delamere Late of Jersey to be the Captain of the Company, myself Captain of the first ten and a chaplain. Thomas Carilile [Carlisle], second, Samuel Judkes [Jewkes], third, Charles Dixon, forth, a french man.
De La Mare, Philip, Deseret Manufacturing Company, 1908, 6-7. The first beet sugar refining machinery that had ever been brought to the Western Hemisphere was being transported across the great western plains [in] forty ponderous Sante Fe Wagons, each drawn by from four to eight yoke of oxen and carrying from 5000 to 9000 pounds each of iron machinery. At Sweetwater river they experienced their first severe snow storm. Snow fell to the depth of two feet and the thermometer dropped below zero. The night of the storm many of the cattle got away and ran in every direction. Most of them were rounded up but some were never heard of again. The commissary got low and they were compelled to kill some of the remaining cattle. Necessarily they were forced to travel far slower. While traveling through Wyoming they were met by Mr. Jos[eph] Horn[e] who had been sent by President Taylor to meet them. The provisions and articles he brought were of great assistance to the almost famished emigrants. At Green River in South Western Wyoming they purchased some cattle from two trappers "Descamp and Garnier" to replace the ones they had eaten. These trappers had purchased their cattle from people traveling in that section. Shortly after reaching Bear River the mountainous trails were found to be so rugged and the snow on them so deep that several of the largest boilers of machinery had to be left behind. They were gotten the next spring. Clayton, William, Diary, 1852 Aug.-Mar. 1853. If this company had been under the charge of an old Yankee farmer, the cattle would doubtless have been in a much better condition. Inexperienced Englishmen or Frenchmen are not the men to drive teams across the plains as heavily loaded as these are. This appears to be the last ccompany of saints on the route, and it is evident that unless a strong re-inforcement of team soon comes to their assistance, they must suffer with the cold, and will have difficulty to get to the valley before the snows of winter meets them. The machinery which they are taking along, is far beyond the expectations of anyone who has heard of it, and if the brethren will raise the Beets, we are independ[ent] of Gentile Merchants for sugar, molasses or spirits, inasmuch as a large distillery is included with the sugar manufactory, by which can be made the best article of spirituous Liquors, equal to the best made in France or elsewhere. The hearts of the saints will be made to rejoice when this company arrives in the Valley; and may God speed them on their way. Tuesday 28 Morning fine and frosty. Soon after day break, a large herd of cattle was discovered about a mile down the river from our camp. They are doubtless the missing cattle belonging to the sugar company[.] at a quarter to 8 the brethren assembled as usual and Er Williams Camp offered up prayers. We then proceeded on our journey, and on arriving at the “Branch of Sweet Water,” found the men and wagons belonging to the sugar company camped there. They had found a few of their cattle, and were glad to learn that we had discovered the remainder. The place where they are camped is perfectly filthy, Many dead bodies of horses and cattle laying around, and the whole ground is litterally covered with filth. Dunn, Alex F., Life of Philip De La Mare, 2-5. His next vivid impression was a band of Indians overtaking the wagon train and demanding biscuits. The Indian were dressed up in their most colorful regalia, said Brother De La Mare, and they demanded who was the Captain of the train. His father Philip De La Mare bringing the first Sugar Plant from France to am Utah in the train was captain of his own Company, and Brother De La Mare, said that his mother opened up a cracker box carried on the wagon and the Chief held his blanket while Sister De La Mare filled it with crackers, which the Chief in turn distributed among his braves, and they rode away. Gowans, Alice, [Interview], in Leon R. Hartshorn, "Philip De La Mare, Industrialist for the Saints" [M.A. Thesis, Brigham Young University, 1959], 37-41. Thomas De La Mare records that after his father had obtained the cattle, "he saw before him a task that looked almost beyond the power of man to accomplish. A thousand miles of uninhabited plains lay before him and beyond that rose great chains of almost unexplored mountains." Fred G. Taylor comments on the magnitude of this venture as follows: To De La Mare the project might well have been appalling. Here was a young man of twenty-nine years who had been reared in a community where civilization had existed for centuries. He had experienced none of the hardships of frontier life, yet his character and physical fitness made John Taylor choose him to take charge of this extraordinary pioneering expedition. It is doubtful that there is another episode in the history of the industrial development of America which for sheer courage, stamina and physical endurance surpasses the story of the party captained by De La Mare.Flour was also obtained by credit. It was later discovered that the flour had been adulterated with plaster of paris. Morris, Elias, [Reminiscences], in Deseret News, vol. 57, no. 15, 1898, 450-51. In the year 1851, President John Taylor paid a visit to my home in North Wales. He had organized a company of capitalists to purchase machinery for the manufacture of sugar from beets, which he intended to establish in Salt Lake City. He engaged me to go to Utah in the interest if this sugar company. I left Liverpool in charge of the machinery in March, 1852, via New Orleans and up the rivers to Fort Leavenworth, which was the starting point to cross the Plains: arrived in Salt Lake City in November, 1852. . . . After seven weeks' of sailing we landed at New Orleans. Took the river boat back to Fort Leavenworth. From there I was sent to Council Bluffs to get the company wagons with which to be loaded down with machinery. We made ready for our long and tedious journey over the Rocky Mountains and started from this point on the Fourth of July.
Coming with ox team was a very tedious journey, and as she was just recovering from a long seige of inter-mitten fever, it was only by the help of our Father in Heaven that she was able to make the journey. This fever undermined her health and she never fully recovered from it.A nother great sorrow awaited her when she reached the valley. News came that her husband had started to Utah, but contracted Cholera while enroute and had passed away.
Early Family Life
Contributor: PKristineHurd Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
Mary's mother, Jane Fields, daughter of Matthew and Dinah Fish Fields Jr., was christenend 20 November 1795 at Willingham, Lincolnshire, England, which is a small parish with 158 people in it. She was the seventh child and third daughter of eight children. Nothing is known about her early life until she met and fell in love with a young man, somewhat her junior. It was love at first sight, and Richard Carlisle, as this young man was called, asked her to marry him, but as she was older than he, he asked her if she would wait 5 years for him. She loved him too, for she answered, "Why certainly I will wait, and not only 5, but 10, Richard if you wish it." They were married 22 June 1822, at Willingham, Lincolnshire, England. There was no happier couple in the world than they. To them were born eleven children, seven boys and four girls, among them a set of tripletts. Two of the tripletts died at 4 months old and the other at 5 years old. Tripletts being something unusual, they received many beautiful presents. The Queen of England sent them quite an amount of money. Jane found herself very busy trying to care for the large family, however five of them died as infants and small children. This must have been a very hard ordeal to go through. Mary's father Richard, worked in the Lace Mills of Nottingham for a few years, but as his boys grew older, he could see that was no place for them. Returning to Lincolnshire, he was employed as farmer and game keeper for a very wealthy English Lord, brother to Sir Robert Peal of the English Parliament. This gave Richard and Jane a much better chance to give their children a little schooling, as it was so hard to get at this time. Richard and Jane were very refined and noble characters. They always loved those things in life that would make them better people, so when Eldr Joseph Edward Taylor preached the Gospel to them, they readily accepted it and were baptized by him. Richard was baptized 30 July 1849 and Jane, 11 August 1849. Their son Thomas was baptized the 30 of July with his father. Joseph, September 16th, John, November 5th, Alice, November 16th, and Mary, who was perhaps away to work when the others were baptized, was baptized December of 1856. Richard, the youngest was baptized, but we don't know the date. A branch of the church was organized and Richard was appointed presiding Elder and they kept an open house for the Elders who came that way. Jane was a good cook and always made the Elders welcome. They had a great desire to save their money and immigrate to Zion. So in January 1851, Richard, Jane, and five of their remaining children, the oldest boy, Thomas was married and did not come with them then, started their journey. By joining the church, Mary was deserted by her former lover, as he could not see the faith a Mary saw it. This was a great trial for her, but the gospel meant everything to her. Mary had been working as a cook for a lady not of their faith, but a very fine woman, who thought a great deal of Mary. Not long after Mary joined the church, this lady died and in her will left a years wages in advance. Thinking she was soon to wed, Mary, had saved a years wages for her trouseau, which proved a great blessing to the family, for with the little amount Richard had saved, and these two years wages, the family was able to come to America. Mary had always felt the the Lord moved in a mysterious way, His wonders to perform. The Millennial Star listed the family as: Richard Carlisle as 52; Jane (Jenny) Carlisle, age 55; Joseph, son, age 24; John, son, age 17; Mary, daughter as 26; Alice, daughter as 14; Richard, son as 10. They sailed on the Ship Ellen from Liverpool, Monday, January 6th, 1851, having on board a company of saints consisting of 466 souls who were under the presidental care of Elder James W. Cummings, Crandall Dunnard and William Moss. The ship remained anchored in the river opposite Liverpool, waiting for favorable winds, until Wednesday, January 8th, about 11 a.m., when anchor was weighed and the saints were soon under way with a fair wind. This two days in the harbor must have been trying ones as they were so anxious to be on their way. The ship ran at a rate of 7 miles an hour until 11 p.m. when it struck a schooner during a fog and was compelled to stop for repairs. In a few days the ship was ready for sea again. On the very day the big vessel put into port, the wind changed and they were forced to stay in port for three weeks. They were very grateful for this, as outside the port was a bad storm which wrecked many vessels and many lost their lives. Finally, the Captain became impatient and although the wind continued unfavorable, the Ellen again weighed anchor on January 23rd and put to sail, but the wind was blowing the wrong direction and so they made very poor progress for several days. Finally, on February 1st, the wind changed and the passengers soon lost sight of the Irish coast. From that time, they enjoyed pleasant weather and fair winds and on the night of March 5th, they anchored in the Mississippi River off New Orleans, making the passage from Liverpool about seven weeks. The measles broke out among the emigrants the day they left the dock and nearly every child on board had them, besides some of the adults. During the voyage, six marriages were solomnized and one birth took place. When they left the port, the Presidency divided the Company into twelve divisions or wards, alloting 12 births to each division, and appointed a president over each. Then those twelve divisions were divided in two and a president appointed in the steerage with a president over the whole steerage. The 2nd class cabin was organized in like manner. The Priesthood was also organized. A president was appointed over them to see that they attended their duties. This complete organization helped a great deal in preserving peace, good will, order, and comfort to the saints on board. Men were appointed to visit every family twice a day and administer to the sick and report any troubles. At New Orleans, they boarded the steamer Alexander Scott to St. Louis which was chartered by the Company. They paid $2.50 a head for adults and half fare for children and all luggage was included. The Company left New Orleans on the morning of March 19th, 1851, and landed in St. Louis March 26th, after a good trip. While in St. Louis, Jane did the washing for a friend who had Cholera and came home that night, took sick and died, leaving the family without a mother. She passed away on June 24th, 1851, at the age of 55 years old, and was buried on the banks of the Mississippi River. Richard and the children were greatly grieved at the loss of their wife and mother. They stayed in St. Louis a year to work and then came on the Salt Lake with the Henry Bryant/Manning Jolley Seventh Company. Richard first settled in Mill Creek or Cottonwood.
History of James Healey (Eley)
Contributor: PKristineHurd Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
James Eley (Healey) By Anne Richards Bowen
Nestled among the foothills of the Pennine Mountains in Derbyshire England is the beautiful little village of Heanor.(1) It was here on 10 April 1824 that James Healey was born to Thomas and Mary Eggleshaw Eley.
At that time, the major industries in Heanor were coal mining and textiles.(2) Records show that Thomas was a “stockinger,” a weaver or knitter of stockings(3) and most likely worked at the local hosiery mill. Thomas also wrote and taught music whenever he could to make additional money for the family. (5)
Thomas and Mary’s family included seven children: Benjamin (b. 1822), James (1824), Phoebe (1826), John (1828), Richard (1830), George (1836) and Jane (1838). In addition to this large family, Thomas was also supporting some of his children from a previous marriage to Phoebe Wilds, who had died in 1820. (4, 5)
James’s early years were very difficult. Because there were many mouths to feed and the Eleys were poor, the children had to go to work to help provide for the family. James and John found jobs at the local coal mine. James began working there when he was only eight years old and John started working at age 14. James had the responsibility of opening and shutting the doors as the donkeys passed through with their loads of coal. James would enter the mine each day before daylight and leave work after dark, never seeing the sun, except on Sunday. (5)
When he was almost 21 years old, James married Elizabeth Smith. The marriage took place on 2 March 1845 in Whitwick, Leicestershire, England. Shortly before James was married, his father passed away (18 February, 1845). James’s mother, Mary, who was only 42, was left with a large family to raise and support on her own. (5)
On 26 December 1846, James was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. His wife, Elizabeth, and her family had joined the Church in 1844. This may have been the catalyst that brought about James’s conversion.
The 1851 England Census shows James and Elizabeth living in Whitwick, Leicestershire, England, with Elizabeth’s parents, William and Mary Ann Heathcote Smith. James was working as a coal miner and they had two small sons, Ephraim, age 4 and William, age 1. (6)
In the mid-1800s, many members of the Mormon Church in England were immigrating to the Utah Territory in the United States. The Healey and Smith families had a great desire to join with other saints and made plans to travel together and settle in the Rocky Mountains.
James and Elizabeth, their two sons Ephraim (7) and William (4), and a tiny daughter, Mary Ann (2), departed from Liverpool England on 30 January 1854 on the ship Golconda. Records show that Elizabeth’s parents, William and Mary Ann Smith accompanied them on the journey. Sarah & Joseph Heathcote, (the brother and sister-in-law of Mary Ann Smith) were also among the party. (7)
The trip across the ocean was without incident. The company included 454 Saints traveling to the Utah. The Elders in charge organized the Saints into seven groups called “branches.” According to one traveler, “Meetings were held five times a week in which the Saints were richly blessed with the gifts of the Spirit, in tongues, interpretations, visions, revelations and prophecy. The winds were rather contrary for two of three days after leaving Liverpool, but after that they became more favorable and continued so during the greater part of the voyage. Two marriages were solemnized on board, and one death occurred. The company arrived safely in New Orleans on Saturday 18 March 1854, after a passage of forty-two days from Liverpool.” (Millennial Star, Vol. XVI: pp.106, 141, 255, 281, 297, 447.)
The group continued their journey by steamboat up the Mississippi River en route to St. Louis, Missouri. One passenger gave an interesting description of the journey by steamboat:
Now we are going, yes faster and faster. The steamboat a puffing and snorting and pushing hard against the stream, but oh, what dirty water for us to use. We dip it up for to settle it but don’t get much better. Never mind, we will do the best we can with it. I must drink it, anyhow, because I am very thirsty. And what a rackety noise, it makes me shudder. The captain a shouting and the water a splashing and the band a playing and some of us singing and some of the sisters a washing and the babes a crying. And the sailors a talking and many of them a smoking. And all of us trying to do something and the boat a tugging and snorting. . . (8)
The company arrived in St. Louis on April 10, 1854. They stayed two weeks in the city and then resumed their trip. At this time tragedy struck and the deadly disease of cholera began to spread among the group (probably due to the unsanitary water and conditions on the steamboat). The Healey family and those in their party suffered greatly. On 29 March 1854, Elizabeth died and her baby daughter passed away the following day on 30 March. Elizabeth’s father William and relatives Joseph and Sarah Heathcote also succumbed to the disease. Out of the party of nine family members, only James Healey, his two sons and his mother-in-law, Mary Ann Smith, survived. (10)
With broken hearts, the little party turned their hearts toward Zion and began the final part of their journey. On the 16 June 1854, the family departed from Westport, Missouri, with the Pioneer Company of Job Smith. The group consisted of 217 individuals and 45 wagons. The journey went well, almost without incident. Captain Job Smith described their experience:
We made good time every day except Sundays on which day we always rested and once in a while for a general washing day. We also gathered for prayers at night, after which guard was set, every man taking turn half a night. Good order observed and religious services held on Sundays. In this way we made moderately good speed and kept our teams up in good spirits, and soon passed the behind ones which had traveled too fast at first and thus worn out their teams. (13)
As they were traveling through Wyoming, the group encountered a great number of Indians. One company member described the experience in the following words:
Before reaching Laramie the company passed a very large number of Sioux Indians. There seemed to be thousands of them. They did not appear to be very friendly. It was afterwards we learned that there were some differences between them and the soldiers situated at Fort Laramie, and next day it culminated in a fight, when one of the chiefs were killed. . .
Next morning a Crow Indian, and special friend of a post trader whose place was not far from camp, gave him the news of the Laramie trouble with the Sioux Indians, and warned him to flee immediately, as they would probably murder all the white people they could find, for they were on the warpath and traveling westward. The trader and Indian visited the camp and informed Job Smith, the captain, of the situation. . .
The cattle had been driven off two or three miles to get feed. Willie and three others were sent after them and brought them up with all possible speed. In a few minutes the cattle were yoked up and the wagons rolled out. The cattle also seemed to partake of the fear felt by the people, and traveled much faster than usual.
About two o'clock p.m. they stopped at a swampy place, where the grass was good, and gave them a good feed, then rolled out again and traveled till sunset. A corral was formed, and the cattle with yokes were chained to the wheels inside.
Many of the sisters especially were alarmed at fires seen on distant hills, which were said to indicate the presence of Indians. As soon as darkness came on, the company moved onward again. The cattle seemed frightened and traveled remarkably fast till nearly morning, and in this way the company succeeded in avoiding trouble with the Indians. (14)
Thankful that the experience with the Indians proved harmless, the company traveled on without further incident. They arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on 23 September 1854. (10)
When the family arrived in Utah, records and family histories show that they moved to different communities. By 1855, James had settled in Mountainville (now Alpine, Utah). Mary Ann Smith moved to Pleasant Grove (a few miles south of Alpine) to live with her son Joseph W. Smith who had come to Utah in 1851.
It appears that James’s two boys, Ephraim and William, may have stayed with their grandmother for a time until James could make a start for the family. A history of Alpine City’s early settlers gives some information about James’s son, Ephraim Healey. It states that “Ephraim Healey came to the United States with his family in 1854. He was seven years old at the time. He lived in Pleasant Grove with an uncle for seven years before coming to Alpine.” (11)
It is very probable that the uncle Ephraim was living with at this time was Joseph W. Smith and that his grandmother, Mary Ann Smith, was caring for Ephraim and his younger brother William, who would have been 4 at the time of their arrival in Utah. (15)
One account explains that upon arriving in Mountainville (Alpine), “James Healey found employment in the home of Davis McOlney. While there he became acquainted with Richard Carlisle, who was also working for Mr. McOlney. Richard had a daughter named Mary Carlisle James.” (12) Mary’s husband John James had also perished from cholera while immigrating to Utah. (According to family histories, “Mary (Carlisle) and John James had been anxious to go to Zion, and as money was very scarce, John arranged for Mary to precede him with a company who were leaving shortly after their marriage. He planned to follow just as soon as he could make proper arrangements and earn enough money. John contracted cholera as he started on his journey and passed away in route to Utah.”) (15)
In addition to the heartbreak of losing spouses, James Healey and Mary James found that they had many other things in common. The pair fell in love and were married in Alpine on 26 September 1855. Davis McOlney proved a very dear friend and allowed them to buy some of his land and pay for it in labor, grain, or anything they could spare. This is how they got their start.” (12)
Records show that the winter of 1854 and 1855 was a harsh one. The valleys had four to six feet of snow, but there was very little snow in the mountains. This caused a shortage of water the next summer. Crops were poor and the hordes of crickets finished off what little did grow. The following winters of 1855 and ‘56 were some of the most severe ever experienced in Utah. (11) Most of the cattle in the area died, either from exposure or hunger. Money was scarce and many of the men had to go away to work at logging, on the railroad, or anywhere they could find a job. (11)
Although the Healey family somehow managed to survive and stay in Alpine,
they lived in impoverished conditions. A family history records:
“Their bedstead was a wagon box turned over and a straw tick for a mattress. Their stove was an old fashioned fireplace. Under these conditions, Mary’s first baby, Mary Alice, was born (1856). She [Mary] came close to losing her life as there was no good help to be had and it took several days to make the trip to Salt Lake by ox team.” (11)
James and Mary were blessed with five more children: Elizabeth (b. 1858), Jane Fields (1861), Martha (1863), James Carlisle (1865) and Richard Joseph (1868.) In addition, James’s two sons from his previous marriage returned to join the family and it is recorded that Mary “raised and loved his sons as her own children.” (12)
James and Mary worked hard to establish a home in Alpine. In addition to the extreme weather conditions and hordes of crickets that repeatedly attacked their crops, they also had difficulties with the Indians.
In the spring of 1853, the people of Alpine had been counseled by President [Brigham] Young to move into a fort because of expected Indian trouble. The residents complied and the structure was built. By 1855, the city had outgrown the fort and made plans to “mark out the location for a larger fort.” The new wall was built about 30 feet outside the previous fort and enclosed ten acres of ground. James Healey had a home in the northwest area of the new fort. His brother, John Healey, who emigrated from England in 1863, built a log home on the plot next door. This fort was used until 1868, when the Indian threat finally subsided. (11)
The Healeys were active in Church affairs and kept busy serving the community. When the small town outgrew the little log church, James and Mary offered their home as a meeting place. Church was always held on Sunday morning at 10 o’clock. Their home consisted of one large room built of logs, with a dirt roof and floor. A large fireplace was in the east end of the room. Slabs placed on blocks of cottonwood were used for benches. The children sat on the floor between the fireplace and benches where the adults were seated. Church was held here until a new meetinghouse was built. (11)
The little town of Alpine began to grow more rapidly. When the fort could no longer accommodate everyone, residents began building outside the walls. Some town members, including James and Mary, still resided within the fort, but began tearing sections of it down to more easily access their farmland. “When the fort was constructed, only two gates were built, one on the north and one on the south of the Main street, which ran north and south, parallel to the west wall.” A city hall was built on this road and further north was the home of James Healey. When the walls came down, the city buildings and the Healeys’ home remained on what is presently Main Street in Alpine. James’s home was on the corner of what is now First North and Main streets. (11)
James was a farmer and grew hay, grain, corn and potatoes. His brother, John grew a fruit orchard of peaches and strawberries on what is now the east slope of Alpine Cemetery. (11)
Family histories state that Mary was a dedicated mother, deeply religious and “very ladylike and refined. Her language was beautiful, never using slang or light words.” (5)
She loved learning and was self educated, “using all her spare time reading books and magazines. In the early days when newspapers were very scarce, she was called on to read to the neighbors. They would gather in each other’s homes and by the light of the tallow candle she would read to the groups, in turn with Brother R. T. Booth, father of Sister Talmage.” (5)
Hard work was a part of everyday life for Mary Ann. “She was a very industrious woman, making her own candles, soap, and many times making lye from ashes in which soap was made. She made clothing from bed ticking, canvas, blue denims, and skins.” (5)
Pioneer life was full of adversity and hardship for Mary and James. Their eldest daughter, Mary Alice, who married William Thomas Brown, died when her first baby was nine days old. This was a great shock to James and Mary. They lived in close proximity to their children and were a devoted, loving family. (5)
One of the great challenges of Mary Ann’s life was the loss of her eyesight, but she was able to adapt to this difficulty. “Because her memory was far above average, she was able to memorize long poems and even books right up to the time of her death. Throughout this great handicap she went ahead trying to make other people happy with her stories and poems, doing all she could in Church affairs.” (5)
Mary died at the age of 78, on 2 September 1902, in Alpine, Utah. James died five years later in Alpine on 2 May 1907.
Together, James and Mary Ann raised their children and established a life in a new land where their family and future generations could enjoy lives of freedom, opportunity, and prosperity. They laid a great foundation of hard work, faith, love and devotion for their posterity to build on.
4. Ancestry.com. 1841 England Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc, 2010.
5. “Mary Carlisle James Healey, “ Family history submitted by Lori Pugmire http://trees.ancestry.com/tree
6. Ancestry.com. 1851 England Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005.
7. Ancestry.com. New Orleans Passenger Lists, 1820-1945 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006.
8. Ancestry.com, http://trees.ancestry.com/tree - .” (Millennial Star, Vol. XVI: pp.106, 141, 255, 281, 297, 447.)
9. History of Joseph W. Smith, by Guy Hillman and Gwen Richards, in possession of Anne Richards Bowen.
10. Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847-1868 Database http://lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html
11. Alpine Yesterdays, A History of Alpine, Utah County, Utah, 1850-1980,
by Jennie Adams Wild, Blaine Hudson Printing, November 1982
12. “Life in Utah,” History of James Healey and Mary Carlisle James Healey, submitted by Lori Pugmire, http://trees.ancestry.com
13. Smith, Job, Autobiography, [ca. 1902], 41-42. Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847-1868 Database http://lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html
14. Burton, William W.], "Little Willie," Juvenile Instructor, 1 Apr. 1893, 204, 206-Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847-1868 Database http://lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanysearch/1,15773,3966-1,00.html
Mary Carlisle and James Healey
Contributor: PKristineHurd Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
Mary Carlisle was born September 10, 1824, in Sturton, Lincolnshire, England. She was the 2nd child of 11 children, and the first daughter of Richard and Jane Field Carlisle.
She and her family joined the church in 1850, and her father decided to emigrate to Utah shortly after they were baptized. So in January 1851, her father, mother, and all of the remaining children, (five of the children died in infancy), except one, the oldest boy, Thomas, who was married, obtained passage on the good ship “Ellen.”
By joining the church, Mary was deserted by her former lover, as he could not see the faith as Mary saw it. This was a great trial for her, but the gospel meant everything to her.
At the time of joining the church, she was working for a lady who was not of our faith, but a very fine woman, who thought a great deal of Mary. It was not long after Mary joined the church, until the woman died, and in her will she left her a year’s wages in advance. She had been doing cooking in this lady’s service, and of course receiving a good salary for those times. She knowing that she was to be married had also saved a year’s wages. This proved to be a great blessing to Mary’s family, for the large family were able to emigrate to America. Mary always felt that the Lord moved in a mysterious way, his wonders to perform.
The following was taken from the Millennial Star: “Richard Carlisle, age 52, Jan (Jenny) Carlisle, age 55, Joseph, son, age 24; John, son, age 17; Mary, daughter, age 16; Alice, daughter, age 14; Richard, son, age 10.
The ship “Ellen” sailed from Liverpool, Monday, January 6, 1851, having on board a company of Saints consisting of 466 souls under the presidential care of Elder James W. Cummings, Crandall Dunnard, and Wm. Mose. The ship remained anchored in the river opposite Liverpool until Wednesday, January 8, about 11 a.m. when the anchor was weighed and the Saints were soon under way with a fair wind. The good ship “Ellen” ran at a rate of seven miles an hour until about 11 p.m. when she struck a schooner during a fog and were compelled to stop.
The following day, the Captain put into Cardigan Bay, North Wales, to repair and in a few days the ship was ready for sea again.
But as the wind, on the very day, the big vessel put into Port, changed to an unfavorable quarter and remained for 3 weeks, she remained in port. The saints considered the accident a blessing to them, as they were comfortable in port. During the storm, many vessels were wrecked and hundreds of human beings were consigned to a watery grave.
The Captain at length became impatient and although the wind still continued unfavorable, the “Ellen” again weighed anchor on the 23 of January and put to sail, but the wind blew a strong gale from the direction the ship wanted to sail and consequently only a little progress was made for several days. On February 1, however, the wind changed to a favorable quarter. The “Ellen” stood at sea and the passengers soon lost sight of the Irish coast. From that time, they enjoyed pleasant weather and fair winds and on the night of the 4th of March, the “Ellen” anchored in the Mississippi River off New Orleans, making the passage from Cardigan Bay (which is 12 hours sail from Liverpool) in about 7 weeks.
The measles broke out among the emigrants the day they left the dock and nearly every child on board had them, besides some adults.
During the voyage, six marriages were also solemnized and one birth took place. Immediately after leaving port, the port, the presidency on board divided the company into 12 divisions or wards, allotting 12 births to each division, and appointing a president over each. Then those 12 divisions were divided into two and a president appointed the steerage with a president over the whole steerage.
The 2nd class cabin was organized in like manner. The Priesthood was also organized. A president was appointed over them to see that they attended their duties. This complete organization was found to be a great utility in preserving peace and good will, order, and help and comfort to the Saints while on board.
President Cummings and his councilors, watched over their flocks with utmost care, and in meetings in counsel with the brothers, who had charge of the division, they could easily learn of the condition of every saint on board. If any were sick or in want or in transgression, they were made acquainted with it. They immediately adopted measures to relieve this want of the needy and prevent iniquity from creeping into their mist, men were appointed to visit every family twice a day and administer to the sick.
At New Orleans the company chartered the steamer Alexandor Scott to St. Louis. They paid $2.50 a head for adults and half fare for children and all luggage was included. The company left New Orleans on the morning of March 19, and landed in St. Louis March 26, after a good trip.
While in St. Louis, her mother, Jane Fields, died. She did a washing for a friend who had cholera and came home that night, took sick and died, leaving the family without a mother. This was a great sorrow to the family.
Mary’s family stayed in St. Louis a year and worked and then came on to Salt Lake with Henry Bryant, Maning Jolly, Seventh Company arriving in Salt Lake City, Utah September 15, 1852.
Mary and John were very anxious to go to Zion, and as money was very scarce, her husband arranged for her to precede him with a company who were leaving shortly after their marriage. He planned to follow just as soon as he could make proper arrangements and earn enough money.
Coming with ox team was very tedious journey, and as she was just recovering from a long siege of intermittent fever, it was only by the help of our Father in Heaven that she was able to make the journey. This fever undermined her health and she never fully recovered from it.
Another great sorrow awaited her when she reached the valley, news came that her husband had started to Utah, but contracted cholera while enroute and had passed away.
Her father had preceded her and made his home in Cottonwood, and Mary made her home with her parents once again, but was obliged to seek employment and was successful in finding work in the home of Davis McOlney of Alpine. There she met a man by the name of James Healey of Alpine, who was also working at the same place. James had lost his wife with cholera at New Orleans, and he was left with 2 small boys, Ephraim and William. They were married in 1855, and she raised and loved his sons as her own children. The following year she was re-baptized, December 1856.
Davis McOlney, proved a very dear friend and allowed them to buy some of his land and pay for it in labor, grain, or anything they could spare. This is how they got their start. The saints were in extra poverty at this time—their bedstead was a wagon box turned over and a straw tick for a mattress, and the stove was an old fashioned fireplace.
Under these conditions her first baby, Mary Alice, was born. She came near losing her life as there was no good help to be had and it took several days to make the trip to Salt Lake by ox team. Her family consisted of six children, four girls: Mary Alice, Elizabeth, Jane Fields, Martha; and two boys, James and Richard.
She was a wonderful mother, being very lady like and refined and a thorough Latter-day-Saint. She was a very fine student and received a fair education by her own efforts, using all her spare time reading books and magazines. Her language was beautiful, never using slang or light words.
In the early days when newspapers were very scarce, she was called on to read to the neighbors, they would gather in each other’s homes and by the light of a tallow candle she would read to the groups, in turn with brother R.T. Booth, father of Sister Talmage.
She was a very industrious woman making her own candles, soap, and many times making the lye from ashes in which the soap was made.
She had many trials to go through incident to pioneer life. Her oldest daughter Mary Allice who married William Thomas Brown, died when her first baby was nine days old. This was a great shock to her, as she lived very close to her children. Her greatest trial was when she lost her eyesight, but because her memory was far above average, she was able to memorize long poems and even books right up to the time of her death. Throughout this great handicap, she went ahead trying to make other people happy with her stories and poems, doing all she could in church affairs.
She spent the remaining years with her children taking turns living in their homes. She died at the age of 78, September 2, 1902 in Alpine, Utah. She was survived by her husband, 3 daughters, Mrs. Jacob S. Beck (Elizabeth) of Highland, Mrs. Hans Olson (Jane, Mrs. D. J. Strong (Martha), 2 sons, James Carlisle and Richard Joseph of Alpine.
Found in my Grandmother Verland Beck’s genealogy.
Submitted by Yvonne Williams
James Healey & Mary Carlisle
Contributor: PKristineHurd Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
James Healey was born to Thomas Healey and Mary Eggleshaw on 21 March, 1824 in Heanor, Derbyshire, England. He was the 2nd of 8 children having 2 sisters and 6 brothers. Thomas was a “stockinger” and most likely worked at the local hosiery mill. He also wrote and taught music whenever he could as he was supporting children from a previous marriage to Phoebe Wilds who had died in 1820.
Because the Healeys were poor, the children had to go to work to help provide for the family. James worked at the local coal mine when he was only 8 years old, opening and shutting the doors as the donkeys passed through with their loads of coal.
When he was almost 21 years old, James married Elizabeth Smith on 2 March, 1845. Her family had joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in 1844; James was baptized 26 December, 1846.
The Healey and Smith families made plans to travel together to the Rocky Mountains. With 454 people, James and Elizabeth, their 2 sons and baby daughter departed from Liverpool, England on 30 January, 1854 on the ship Golconda.
After 42 days, the company arrived in New Orleans on 18 March, 1854. The group continued by steamboat up the Mississippi River to St. Louis, Missouri, arriving on 10 April, 1854. They resumed their trip 2 weeks later but then tragedy struck with an outbreak of Cholera. Elizabeth died on 29 March, 1854 and their baby daughter died the following day. Out of the party of 9 family members, only James Healey, his 2 sons and his mother-in-law survived.
With heavy hearts the family turned their sights toward Zion and began the final part of their journey, leaving Missouri on 16 June, 1854 with the Pioneer Company of Job Smith. They arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on 23 September, 1854.
Mary Carlisle was born10 September, 1824 in Sturton, Lincolnshire, England to Richard Carlisle and Jane Field. She was the 2nd of 12 children, having 8 brothers and 3 sisters.
With marriage plans Mary saved a year’s wages but after she was baptized & confirmed on 26 April, 1850 her fiancé deserted her. She was also given a year’s wages when a lady she cooked for died. With these monies she was able to help get her family to America. Sailing on the “Ellen” they arrived in New Orleans 4 March, 1851
Mary married John Alcorn James in 1851 in St. Louis City, Missouri. They were anxious to go to Zion, and as money was very scarce, John arranged for her to precede him. He planned to follow but contracted Cholera as he started his journey to Utah; he died 18 June, 1852 in Leavenworth, Kansas.
Mary travelled with her father and siblings to Utah arriving 15 September, 1852.
Upon arriving in Utah, James Healey found employment in the home of Davis McOlney of Alpine, Utah and became acquainted with Richard Carlisle, (Mary’s father) who was also working there.
James and Mary were married 26 September, 1855 in Alpine, Utah. McOlney sold them some of his land and let them pay for it in labor or grain. The next few years proved difficult with extreme weather conditions and hordes of crickets. They also had difficulties with the Indians and at the counsel of Brigham Young a fort was built which is where they lived farming hay, grain, corn and potatoes.
Mary was self-educated and in the days when newspapers were very scarce, she was called on to read to the neighbors. She was very industrious making her own candles and soap and made clothing from bed ticking, canvas, blue denims and skins. James and Mary were blessed with 6 children, and Mary also raised and loved James’ 2 sons as her own.
Their home sat on what is now First North and Main Street and when the small town outgrew the little log church, James and Mary offered their home as a meeting place. It consisted of one large room built of logs, with a dirt roof and floor
Mary died 2 September, 1902 in Alpine, Utah. James died 5 years later on 2 May, 1907, also in Alpine. Both are buried in the Alpine, Utah Cemetery.