The Journal of Langley Allgood Bailey edited by Allen C. Christensen
Contributor: hlubean Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago
The Journal of Langley Allgood Bailey
Allen C. Christensen
To my Mother
Relia Sarah Allen Christensen
It was she who was the initial stimulus for my father
and for me to become involved in the preservation of
family records and creating a written memory of those
ancestral families. Interestingly, her middle name
was the first given name of her mother,
Sarah Ann Bailey Allen,
and her maternal grandmother,
Sarah Andrews Bailey.
It was from her paternal grandfather,
Langley Allgood Bailey,
that Relia received her patriarchal blessing. In turn, Relia and her husband, Clare Bernard Christensen, wrote the original history of
Langley Allgood Bailey.
like her distinguished ancestors has, for all her nearly 94 years, walked the path of faith.
A project of this type is not the effort of a solitary person. There are people who deserve special attention. Foremost is my great-grandfather, the journal's author, Langley Allgood Bailey. Without his eyewitness account, the rich experiences of his life would also have been buried in the Nephi Cemetery. In response to the question, "What should I do with myself following our mission?" Kathleen said, "You can spend time of family history." She has cleared the calendar for this effort and has proofread the entire document. Natalie Anne Christensen, our daughter-in-law, and Gale Norton, our Pulitzer Prize-winning friend, have made helpful suggestions.
Clifford Earle Young, Jr., better known to family and friends as Kip, has once again shared sacred things regarding his intimate knowledge of Church history. Elder Bryan Skelton, a native of Great Britain who presently is Executive Secretary to the Philippines/Micronesia Area Presidency, read an early draft and offered special insights about the history and culture of England which have enlarged and enlivened this record in a witty and wonderful way. My sister, Clarice Ann Christensen Nelson, provided the enriching account of her visit to the John Fenn home. My mother's substantial role, along with my father's, has been acknowledged on the dedicatory page. We grew to maturity without a television set. In its place were extensive discussions of family and Church history. Belatedly, I express love and appreciation for my grandaunt, Mary Jane Bailey Beck, whose warm and intimate insights about her father and mother grace the pages of this account. I am also grateful to the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, who, under the prompting of the Spirit of the Lord, issued the call to serve in the Philippines San Fernando Mission, which is still a pioneering area of the Church. The three years on Luzon deepened my understanding of the sacrifices required of first-generation Church members who devote their lives and energies to the building of Zion, as well as for the marvelous missionaries who serve in the Third World. That missionary service has enlarged my appreciation for those who have given much.
I am thankful for the interest shown in this project by our daughter, Ann Marie, and her four brothers, Allen Clare, Jr., James Lynn, Niel Daniel and Eric Wayne. My brothers, Bernard Niel and Wayne Albert, have been supportive and expressed keen interest, although Wayne will be disappointed there are no pictures. I hope our grandchildren and my Allen and Bailey cousins will find strength from the lives of their remarkable ancestors, whose faith and courage have made this report necessary.
While others have helped, I alone am solely responsible for errors in text and interpretation.
Allen C. Christensen February 9, 1998
William Allen, Jr. Baby girl Allen
Heber Charles Allen Levi Willard Allen Md. William Wilford Allen
Md. Harriet Rook
Margaret Ladley Md. Eliza Ann Fenn William Wilford Allen, Jr.
James Erastus Allen John Harvey Allen Amos Alexander Allen Eliza Ann Allen Mary Jane Allen George Albert Allen Md. Sarah Ann Bailey Mary Alice Allen Henry Franklin Allen
Lilath Ann Allen Albert Bailey Allen Relia Sarah Allen Lois Catherine Allen
George Albert Allen Md.
Fern Charlotte Bailey— no children Dau. of John Bailey, Langley's brother.
Albert Bailey Allen Md.
Hortense Estella Garrett Children:
Beth Ann Allen
Shirley Ruth Allen
Relia Sarah Allen Md.
Clare Bernard Christensen Children:
Allen Clare Christensen Clarice Ann Christensen Bernard Niel Christensen George Lynn Christensen Wayne Albert Christensen
William Fenn Elizabeth Fenn
William Fenn Thomas Fenn
Sarah Fenn Hannah Fenn James Fenn David Fenn Mary Ann Fenn George Fenn Joseph Fenn
Eliza Ann Fenn
Amos Alexander Fenn
Langley Allgood Bailey
Md. Sarah Andrews
John Wright Andrews Bailey
Elizabeth Ann Bailey Langley Allgood Bailey Jr. Thomas Bailey Sarah Ann Bailey Mary Jane Bailey Rosey Alice Bailey Catherine Bailey Henry Andrews Bailey George Ernest Bailey Bertha Bailey Md. Sarah Emma Warner Children:
William Henry Bailey Elizabeth Bailey Wilford Bailey Reed Warner Bailey Pearl Bailey
Md. •Ann Wright
Lois Catherine Allen Md.
Trulan Orlando Eyre Children: Gary Allen Eyre Betty Jane Eyre Naomi Eyre David Ted Eyre
Elizabeth Andrews Sarah Andrews
Thomas Andrews William Andrews John Andrews
This genealogical layout has been produced for the benefit of my descendants, to enable them to understand the scope of their extended ancestral family. Space limitations make it impossible to acknowledge all. Therefore, I have identified in bold type only my mother's ancestry and those of her siblings who grew to maturity. Ed.
The Journal of Langley Allgood Bailey
[The account of the service of Langley Allgood Bailey as a missionary to Great Britain, appears to have been that of regular journal entries, recorded as they happened, and transcribed later in this record with an occasional comment. Those things told of his earlier life seem to have been written as reminiscences. There are 53—8 1/2 A by 14 inch pages, written in his own hand. Some certificates and newspaper clippings were preserved. Initially, I determined to reproduce the journal/ autobiography simply as he had written it, for photocopies fade. The original journal is now a part of the collection of historical materials held by the Church Historian's Office of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It had been given to my mother by her aunt, Mary Jane "Jennie " Bailey Beck. Mother and Dad used this journal as a primary source when they were writing the life history of Langley Allgood Bailey, her maternal grandfather. At some point afterward, Mother allowed her cousins, Evelyn Bailey Hull and Josephine Bailey Harames, to give this record to the Church. It is my understanding it has been quoted in the production, "Trail of Dreams. "
Since my principal target readers are my children and grandchildren and those who follow them, I have decided to make some explanations and add supplementary information, some of which is autobiographical, for while we are all unique we owe much to our ancestors. Included are additions about the Martin Handcart Company, life in Utah Territory and other aspects of my greatgrandfather's early life within the broader context of his times. The intent is to increase appreciation for family heritage and Church history. I have included some things about other ancestral families who have had a similar or parallel incident within the larger Mormon experience. Sources are cited in the body of the manuscript rather than as footnotes or endnotes. While not standard literary practice, it adds to ease of source identification. Furthermore, privately published materials need not be submitted to one's doctoral committee.
Punctuation has been added. Some words have been inserted for ease of reading. The word beginning each sentence has been capitalized—such was not Langley Bailey's grammatical practice. In the early history of the United States there was more freedom and less formal rigidity in written expression, including spelling, than exists today. It has been reported that even as erudite a man as Thomas Jefferson was known to have spelled the same word differently within the context of a given document. Perhaps such freedom in spelling is a subtle indication of a keen sense of adventurism, or an innovative spirit, for adventurism, innovation, self-reliance, tenacity and resilience were traits necessary for survival, traits which must have been deeply embedded in the emotional and mental make up of these remarkable people, who were pioneers in every sense of that magnificent word. At the very least, it is an acknowledgment that document changes, when written in ink by scratch pen, are not easy. Those tools were more cost-effective in conserving paper, however, than is the case with today's personal computer. The marvelous thing is that he wrote it, for it adds a vibrant, uniquely personal portrait of the Martin Handcart Company, his mission to England, and other early-day experiences. Langley Allgood Bailey was more than an observer. He had been a participant in the most daring of the western migrations. Allen C. Christensen, Editor]
I, Langley Allgood Bailey, [was] born March 27th, 1838 [at] Whitwick, Leicestershire, England. My father's name [was] John Bailey, his father's name William. His mother's name Mary Bailey. Her father's name Henry Bailes [?]. His father's name Henry. This last Henry came from Whitwick. All others [were] born at Sheepshed. [English maps currently list this as Shepshed, whereas Langley Bailey consistently spelled it Sheepshed. Ed]
Mother's name [was] Jane Allgood. Her father's name, Langley. His father's name, Reed. His wife's name before her marriage, Jane Langley. My mother's mother name, Elizabeth Wakefield.. My father's family consisted of four sons: Langley Allgood, John, Thomas and David. My brother, Thomas, at age fourteen was chilled to death, about Sept 6th, 1858, four miles south of Sevier Bridge. Edwin Holden [was the man] whom he was engaged to work for. (Whose home is now named after him.) These two started one Sunday afternoon from Nephi, [Utah] with a mule team. At Chicken Creek the mules gave out, [and] a storm overtook them. [According to an October 2, 1866 U.S. Department of the Interior map, Chicken Creek was at the south end of Juab Valley. Today's maps show a Chicken Creek Reservoir. The reservoir is southwest of Levan. The stream which drains it flows into the Sevier River. Ed.] [The two of them] started out on foot and crossed Washboard Valley, [and] reached the Sevier bridge. Brother gave up four miles south, became chilled and tired, could go no farther. How long he lived we have no account. Mr. Holden pressed on, passed on through now named Ciper Valley, keepeted [sic] on untill [sic] a few miles of his home. He gave out [and] afterwards [was] found dead.
[It is amazing that Thomas would survive the rigors of that early bitter Wyoming winter of 1856 which struck the Martin Handcart Company, only to perish in September 1858 in what would seem to have been far less difficult circumstances. Perhaps Holden and Thomas were lightly clad or otherwise ill-prepared. Ed.]
My father had two brothers, William and James, also three sisters. One sister married a Mr. Belcher, has one daughter. Emmigrated [sic] to Philadelphia about the year 1852. My mother had six brothers: Reed, John, Langley, Thomas, Henry and William. By trade father was a fraim [sic] work knniter [sic] or stocking weaver. I learned the trade quite young. Father had at one time as high as twenty men working under him.
When I was eight years old my uncle, Langley, made me a flying kite. With some older boys we went on the road to a field. The boys took the kite in the field, [and] got the kite flying. I staid [sic] in the road. The keeper of the field came and took the kite. I told him it was mine. Said he would give it to Mr. Bonnet, the owner of the field. I ran home and told mother. She sent the hired girl with me to Mr. Bonnet. His daughter carried me to her father. I told him I had come for my kite. [He] said you cannot have it. I will have U [you] placed in jail for tresspass [sic]. A week went by then a constable came and served a summon[s] on my father to appear before a magistrate at Ashby. A gentleman by the name of Rose brought a carriage, [and] took father and I to Ashby to stand triall [sic]. When Mr. Bonnet found that we had arrived he withdrew the complaint. This we did not
know. While in the magistrate's room waiting for my turn, a Poleceman [sic] entered. I left my father and ran to the officer whom I knew. He placed me on his knee and pattered me, a smile was seen on all present in the room. My case was then call[ed].. Clerk read the summons, "Langley Allgood Bailey, laborer, aged 21 years." I was then produced [brought forward]. A loud laughter rang thro [ugh] the room. Cleark [sic] announced the case was called off. The officers of the court gave me quite a lot of money and told me to buy a hobby horse and call it Bonnet.
[In the process of transcribing this journal, I mailed a partial draft to Elder Bryan Skelton, a citizen of the United Kingdom who presently serves as Executive Secretary to the Philippines/ Micronesia Area Presidency. I asked that he provide a critical review for cultural, historical, and geographical accuracy. In a November 10, 1997 letter, Bryan Skelton shared a number of insightful details. One of them provided a legal and historical context for the just-mentioned incident when eight-year-old Langley was summoned before the magistrate's court in Ashby. Bryan Skelton wrote: "This little adventure must have taken place in 1846 when the laws of the land were based, in the main, on common law, the Justice of the Peace Act which was made statute in 1360 and other such statutes as the Vagrancy Act 1824 which was brought into being to regulate the huge number of ex-soldiers wandering abroad in the land without work or residence following the end of the Peninsular Wars. (These wars were fought by Great Britain and her Portuguese and Spanish allies against France in the Iberian Peninsula, 1808-14. Ed) The constable would, undoubtedly, have been a member of the Leicestershire County Constabulary and would, more than likely, have been the village constable appointed to keep the peace at Whitwick.
"There are a number of villages and small towns called Ashby throughout England, but the Ashby in Leicestershire is, if memory serves me correctly, of far greater significance than the rest. Its full name is Ashby de la Zouch which is the place where the royal jousting tournaments of our early monarchs occurred. Jousting, if you recall, is where the knights of the realm got dressed up in sheet metal, (Elder Skelton's quaint expression for a coat of mail. Ed), sat astride enormous shire horses and hurled themselves at each other with awesome force armed with long, metal-tipped poles which could be very painful, and swords which were impossible for normal men to lift, never mind swing around. Unfortunately, for young Langley, such dramatic sights had long since disappeared from the landscape to be replaced by stark, red brick factories and large chimneys of the cotton, tile, brick and pottery manufacturing industries which sprang up all over the midland counties of Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, etc."
Ashby de la Zouch is the scene of several events in Sir Walter Scott's historical novel, Ivanhoe. It is 16 miles northwest of Leicester. Within its confines are a fifteenth-century castle and church. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned in the castle in 1569. This is the Ashby that seems to fit the geography of the journal. The name, de la Zouch, suggests a strong Norman influence. Ed.]
At the age of 15 we had Sunday School. There were five boys belong[ing] to the class I belonged too. Some of these boys got a little careless about school and meetings. I was voted to be their leader. We was [sic] all about the same age. At the age of 16 my father got work for himself, also me and my brother in a factory [that had] just been built. The men & boys that worked there—some
of them had, they done things I was ashamed of. One night a man was working by his window lamp light. Some of these factory boys knew they could play a joke on him. Got a squirt gun that would hold a half pint of blood. One got a gun. There was a hole in his window opposite his face. One boy gave the signal. The boy with the gun fired off his pistol. The boy with [the] blood squart [sic] shot the blood in his face. He fell over and cried murder, murder. People run [sic] from every direction. Said he was dying. They washed off the blood of his face. Then found it was a joke. The master of the factory got to hear of it. Said he would give all the boys a strap/p/ing. I with the rest was told what we might expect. The gaffer [a British expression meaning employer, foreman or overseer. Bryan Skelton said that "Gaffer' which is now commonly use to describe a 'boss' was used originally to describe a rural man and was, indeed, a lowly title. A rural woman of similar standing was called a 'Gammer.'" November 10, 1997 letter. Ed.] came in the factory with the strap in hand, came direct to me, looked at me for a few seconds. I keeped [sic] on working. He left [and] did not strap me. The other boys did not get off so well. He was asked by some of the men why he did not strap me. Said he could not. I looked so inicent [innocent].
When at the age of 16 the saints was [sic] holding an out-door meeting, [at] a nearby town. A man tried to kick up a disturbance. My father was preaching. I came behind this man [and] tripped him down. It caused a laughed, was told it served him right. I ran away. One day after this he caught me. Some men standing near told him to leave me alone, or they would maul the life out of him.
My father & mother became very anxious that we gather to Zion. They did not like the company we were in. The traveling Elders interceided [sic] in our behalf. Soon after we received a letter from the presidence [sic] at Liverpool—a blank to fill out with all our names and ages. This was done at once. Afterwards received a letter to get ready to sail on May 16th 1856, ship Horizon. This word came the fore part of May.
My father took me to Sheepshed where his father lived (grandmother being dead.) Told Grandfather he would start for America sometime this month. Grandfather said he was very sorry to part with [us]. Said him [sic], you have caused him and his dear mother no trouble. You have behaved like a dutifull [sic] son. Father told him he was going to gather with the Saints to Zion. Grandfather [asked]\ "Why go to America where there is savage Indians & wild beast. Told father that Christens [sic] would go to heaven, and the Mormons would if they done [sic] right. This being Sunday father preached his farewell sermon to the Saints [in Sheepshed?]. Afterward we returned home.
Father engaged an auctioneer to sell our furniture, a Saint by the name of Machirre, a member of the Church. The town cryer [sic] was engaged. Went all over the town with bell in hand ringing~0 yes,
0 yes~Bro. and Sister Bailey are leaving for Zion. Come one, come all and buy their goods.
1 felt a little ashamed. I wanted father to stop him. Mother said no; he is not ashamed to let people know that we with him are Latter-day Saints.
The day arrived for father and mother to bid goodbye to grandfather and grandmother Allgood and her six brothers. Many of the Saints went to the station to see us off. We arrived at Liverpool, took
lodgings for the night. Next day went and saw our vessel, "The Horizon." On Sunday May 28th 1856 we left [the] dock. We had not gone very far when a disturbance arose between the first mate and the sailors. The mate drew his pistol and ordered them to be put in irons. They were rowed in a boat to Liverpool. Some of our men (Saints) said they could fill their places. Our captain, Mr. Reed, he treated the 800 saints like a gentleman althrough the voyage.
We had a very good trip. It was a new sailing vessel. We reached Boston June 28, 1856 being five weeks on the ocean. On July 2nd we took the train for Iowa City. Reached there July 8th. From the train to the camp was about four miles. All felt to rejoice to have this little walk, 600 strong. We had not gone far before a thunder storm came over us. All had their bed, clothing, etc. to carry. We were all drenched with rain. Many did not reach camp untill [sic] dark.
Bro. John and myself got seperated [sic] from our parents in the dark. We were conducted to a tent. Stood up with many more all night in our wet clothes. When it began to get light father and mother were out hunting us. This was our first experience in traveling to Zion on foot.
We were delayed in camp two weeks, most of the carts had to be made. At this place John and I learned to swim in the river. A tall man walked in the river where I was treading water. I saw him go down, then come to the surface twice, then went down again. I called to those around me to form a line as quick as possible. I saw his hand come in sight. I grasped his wrist, swam to the nearest man. We were both hauled out. It took a long time before he came to himself. Gave [as] the reason for going in deep water [that he] thought I was walking on the bottom of the river.
We staid [sic] on this camp ground for two weeks. It was a sight to see 600 people pulling their carts through the cities and villages of Iowa. People came out of their houses and jeered us. On we went, all happy and cheerfull [sic]. We encountered thunderstorms, [and] were wet through many times. John and I took off our shoes and stockings. This mode of travel proved too much for me.
I was taken down with a hemerage [hemorrhage] of the bowles [bowels]. I was unable to walk. Had to be hauled on Bro. Isaac J. Wardle and my brother, John's cart. After reaching Florence [Nebraska], a Doctor was consulted. [The doctor] said I must not go another step or I would die and be buried on the road side. A captain named Tune would not administer to me--said he did not have faith enough to rais/e/ the dead. Mother, on hearing that Apostle F. D. Richards and C. H. Wheelock had arrived in camp, got them to administer to me. They promised me I would live to reach the vallies [valleys]. All this time I was uncounsis [unconscious] of what was going on.
[Tune is probably a phonetic spelling as no one is listed on the company's roster with a name spelled that way. For years I was critical of that man. More recently I have appreciated his honesty, for if he lacked faith it was imperative in this case that he say so. The company roster lists John Toone. We had one of his descendants serve with us in the Philippines San Fernando Mission. She had remarkable faith. Struck seriously ill with dengue fever, she received a priesthood blessing. Given the gravity of the case she was hospitalized in Manila. Her red blood cell count and body temperature returned to normal far sooner than anyone dared imagine. Dengue fever is an acute,
viral, infectious disease which does not respond to antibiotic therapy. It can be fatal. Missionaries who serve in impoverished developing countries seem to face their own handcart-type test. Two of those marvelous elders and sisters who served with us had ancestors who came west in Edward Martin's company.
Cyrus H. or C. H. Wheelock composed the words of "Ye Elders of Israel, " (# 319, Hymns of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1985, Deseret Book Company, Salt Lake City, Utah). The hymn was printed in the Millennial Star of April 11, 1857. It was sung by the Saints aboard the George Washington as they set sail from England on March 27, 1857. We frequently sang "Ye Elders of Israel" in the Philippines San Fernando Mission. I wish now that I would have known then of Cyrus H. Wheelock, and the priesthood role he played in Langley 's life. The good we do, the acts of loving service, ripple across eternity. To family members, the private priesthood service of Cyrus H. Wheelock is even more important than the public performance of his marvelous hymn. What a motivational insight for missionaries who quietly struggle with health, humidity, heat, apathy and rejection.
According to a report written by F.D. Richards and Daniel Spencer, published as Appendix C in Handcarts to Zion by LeRoy R. and Ann W. Hafen, pp. 218-219, the Richards-Spencer party of 14 overtook the Edward Martin Handcart Company on the evening of September 7. They were about 40 miles from the Loup Fork. That marker would suggest the handcart company had crossed only 25% of present-day Nebraska. C.H. Wheelock was a member of the party along with G.D. Grant, W.H. Kimball. Joseph A. Young and Dan Jones. The blessing probably was given that evening as these brethren would not have tarried long. They said they were refreshed by their "short interview with Captain Martin's company and drove on for ten miles further where they found br. Hodgett 's camp. " On September 9 they encountered two men of the James G. Willie Company who were searching for 30 head of cattle which had strayed. Richards and Spencer had managed the PEF emigration for that season. Their report told that Martin "had with him some 576 persons, 146 handcarts, 7 wagons, 6 horses and mules and 50 cows and beef cattle; also one wagon loaded with church goods. His company was in excellent spirits, and, though he had the greater proportion of the feeble emigrants, the health of his camp was very good; and he was able to average about 100 miles a week without fatiguing his company." Langley Bailey, however, was one who was not well for his medical situation was, in fact, grave. Of the beginning 576 pioneers of the Fifth Company, 145 died along the way. The leader of this company, Edward Martin, was born at Preston, Lancashire, England 18 November 1818. After joining the Church, he emigrated to America and served as a member of the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican War. Upon his return from a mission to England, he became captain of the Fifth Handcart Company. (See Hafen and Hafen p. 93.) In 1997, Preston is remembered as the city where, in 1933, President Gordon B. Hinckley began his labors as a new missionary and the site of a new temple, England's second, which is being constructed in Chorley, one of Preston's suburbs. It has within its boundaries the longest continuing unit in the Church. That unit has been in existence since 1837. Ed]
The Doctor called again to see me. Told father he would take care of the family and fit us out next year to pursue our journey. Father thanked him kindly. He pled with father to stop—said it was too
late to make the trip. [He] said when we reached the mountains we would be snowed in. We found his words to be too true.
The emergrants [emigrants] were called to geather [gather]. To know their minds in regards to stop[ping] untill [sic] the next year or go on [a vote was taken]. [The company] voted to go on. On August 25th 1856 the company made a start. I not being able to walk, Isaac J. Wardle and Bro. John, only 15 years old, hauled me on their carts. We got along fairly well until we reached the mountains, then bad weather set in. Snow storms came [and] impeded our traveling. No one can describe the suffering we endured. Our rashings [rations] consisted of 4 oz. flour and nothing else did we have to eat.
[The August 25, 1856 date does not seem to fit chronologically. It must refer to the start from Florence or Winter Quarters. The Martin Company arrived there on August 22, where it was delayed for a few days to make repairs to the handcarts. (Hafen and Hafen p. 94.) The company had departed the camp west of Iowa City on July 28. It would have taken nearly a month to cross Iowa. If September 7 is the date on which Langley was blessed by Elders Richards and Wheelock, as seems likely, it supports the proposition that the early part of this journal account is, in fact, a reminiscence. Ed.]
One morning, believing I could walk a little ahead of the company~I got this privilege from my parents; my plan was to get away, lay down under a sagebrush and die. I saw my father and mother and my cart pass by. I stretched out to die. Just then a voice said, "Your mother is hunting you, jump up." I saw mother coming in haste towards me. [She] wanted to know what had gone /w/rong with me. I told her I had planded [planned] to lay down and die. I felt it was too much to pull me on the cart [which] at [the] same time had as much baggage [as] they could manage. [She] scolded me a little. She reminded me of what I was promised by Apostle F. D. Richards. I rode a cart untill [sic] teams from the valleys met us.
One day mother was in the crowd waiting her turn to receive our da/i/ly rachens [rations]. Her shawl fell off her shoulders. No one seemed to know who picked it up. Some weeks afterward, while the folks were staking the tent one evening, I saw a sister pass by. I saw on her, under her shawl, mother's shawl. Mother went to this lady's tent—there lay her shawl. Mother asked her if she was not ashamed to steal [while] going to Zion.
[Years later, when the foregoing incident was told in a Relief Society meeting held at Moroni, Utah, a sister arose from the congregation and said, "I was the woman who took the shawl. Suffering had become so terrible that people were hardly human. " (Seepage 2, History o[Langley Allgood Bailey by Clare B. and Re Ha A. Christensen.) Ed.]
[Doctrine and Covenants 136:26 addresses the issue of behavior expected from the pioneers in the matter of lost items. It reads: " If thou shaltfind that which thy neighbor has lost, thou shalt make diligent search till thou shalt deliver it to him again. " The pioneers were to accept the instructions of Section 136 with a covenant and promise to keep all of the commandments and to walk in all of
the ordinances of the Lord. (See D&C 136:2,4.) In that context, the rebuke and disappointment expressed by Jane Allgood Bailey is more appropriately understood. Ed.]
It was quite a sight to see the poor womin [women] take hold of hands in wadeing [sic] thro [ugh] the cold rivers with their clothes froze//?/ when they came out to the other side. We camped at a place called Martin's hole. We could not go any further for snow.
My father went to gather some brush willows, Etc., there being no wood to keep me warm. His hands became very benumbed. He laid down by my side [and] told mother he was going to die. It was not any trouble to die. Mother took hold of him, gave him a shaken up (sic), and told him she was going to the valleys. He then gave up dying.
While at pray/er/ meeting [on] a bitter cold night, Bro. Rodwell spoke in tongues. [The] interpretation was the rescuers would be with us in three days. On the third day Jos. A. Young on a while with another man rode into camp. [According to Hafen and Hafen p. 223 there were three men, namely Joseph A. Young, Abel Garr and Dan Jones who had been dispatched on Monday October 27 to find the Martin Company. These men were apart of Robert T. Burton's relief train which camped at Devil's Gate on 26 October 1856. Ed]. O, what a shout went up. [He] said, "Make a start in the morning, there is food a few miles back. During the night [someone] stole their few crackers, also straps on their saddles were all taken and eat[en] for hunger is a mild name. [Nineteen] 19 died that night. Graves [were] dug in the snow. Many died at this stopping place, graves dug in the snow. All was [sic] too weak to dig in the frozen snow. Wolves came in the night and tore up the dead bodies.
Next morning a start was made in the deep snow. I saw a young lady about 16 walking in the snow. She left the blood prints of her heels and toes on the snow. I am told her legs were amputated when she arrived in Salt lake City. I refrain from writing about the suffering of these [folk?]. It never can or will he told. On leaving this morning my Bro. John saw the wolves devouring the bodies he had helped to bury the day before. He tried to drive them away. He had to run for his life.
[The rescue party was led by George D. Grant. Captain Grant's report to Brigham Young dated 2 November 1856 at Devil's Gate, has two paragraphs which speak to the suffering. (See Hafen and Hafen p. 228.) Grant wrote of the men, women and children worn out from pulling their handcarts through snow and mud, fainting by the wayside, chilled by the cold, the crying of the children whose limbs were "stiffened by cold, their feet bleeding and some of them bare to the snow and frost The sight is almost too much for the stoutest of us. " One senses Captain Grant's anguish as he attempts to adequately describe that which is indescribable.
Forty years ago (1957), I became acquainted with Lt. Colonel Louis Besbeck professor of Military Science at the University of California, Davis. (I was their assigned home teacher.) He had been captured by the Japanese in the bitter battle for Bataan. Out of ammunition, food and medicine, surrounded and pinned down by devastating artillery fire, the combined U. S. and Filipino troops surrendered April 9, 1942. As the men marched off the slopes of Mt. Samat, it was only the
beginning. Besbeck must have suffered dreadfully from hunger, thirst and the heat and humidity of Luzon's hottest months. He, no doubt, witnessed the horrible atrocities and experienced the emotional wrenching of the Bataan Death March. Yet, in the two years when I saw him regularly, never once did he speak of it. In fact, it was a mutual friend, Dr. Robert A. Elzer, who told me about Colonel Besbeck.
During a May 20, 1997 visit to Mt. Samat, I met a retired army officer who, as a young lieutenant in the Filipino Scouts, had fought in that final battle. Lt. Benigno said that while he had received several shrapnel wounds, he had an advantage. He knew the countryside. As the march began he slipped away into the woods, thereby avoiding long-term imprisonment. He made his way to Cebu aboard a banka boat (a motorized-outrigger canoe), where he spent the remainder of the war as a guerrilla. When pressed for further details of the Bataan campaign, he simply said the events of April and May 1942 made it difficult to forgive the Japanese. (ACC Journal XIX: 121-2.)
People who have experienced such unspeakable horrors are unwilling, and perhaps unable, to accurately portray what really happened. It may be the memory of it conjures up in the mind scenes which are almost too difficult to bear. Apparently that is how Langley A. Bailey felt about the suffering of those who were apart of the Martin Handcart Company. Ed.]
That morning in starting I was placed in a way on top of frozen tents. A very few oxen was [sic] left to haul or pull the few wagons. Made about 4 miles when the company stop[ped] that evening. Mother came around the wagons calling Langley. I could hear her calling. She could not hear me answer. When she found me she lifted me out of the wagon. My legs and arms was [sic] stiff like a frozen shirt. An ox was about to die. He was killed. Mother got some of the meat, boiled it, [and] gave me some of the brough [broth]. It ran thro me like going thro a funal [funnel].
[According to the Hafen account, pp. 182-3, the handcart company moved out on November 3. When they reached the Sweetwater River they found it filled with floating ice. To cross it seemed to require more than human courage. Women shrank. Men wept. Some went through the icy water. Many others could not bring themselves to attempt it. Seemingly, they had reached the limits of their endurance. At that moment, three eighteen-year-old fellows belonging to the relief party came to the rescue. To the astonishment of all who saw it, those three young men carried nearly every member of the Martin Company across the ice-filled Sweetwater. The exposure was terrible. It was a sacrifice which would ultimately shorten their lives. When he learned of their heroism, Brigham Young wept like a child. Their names were C Allen Huntington, George W. Grant and David Patten Kimball. David P. Kimball was a son ofHeber C. Kimball. His father had named him in honor of his fellow Apostle, David Patten, who had given his life in the Battle of Crooked River during the difficult days in Missouri. During the period of August 1996 to 1 July 1997 I reported my stewardship to David Patten Kimball's great grandson, Elder Quentin L. Cook of the Seventy. I hold Elder Cook in high esteem. It was as though there were a special bond of affection between us, which was due in some part to the role his ancestor played in saving mine.
Another personal interest note is that Benjamin W. Driggs is identified at the new Martin Handcart
Company Visitor's Center, Martin's Cove, Wyoming as a member of the relief party. Fascinatingly, my father's maternal grandfather was apart of that gallant effort which saved my mother's maternal grandfather. Ben Driggs, age 20 was born on 13 May 1837 at Fredonia, Ohio. When a boy, both sides of his family joined the Church and moved to Nauvoo. Ben Driggs had known sacrifice at other times, for it was he who gave his prized little wagon to assist in the building of the Nauvoo Temple. (See Chapter II: Ben's Gift, in Ben The Wagon Boy, by Howard R. Driggs, Stevens and Wallis, Salt lake City, 1944, pp. 9-14) This story was published originally in the Children's Friend. I think my love of Church history began with that boyhood reading experience. Ed.]
We met the rescuers near devels [Devil 's] Gate. Log houses were pulled down. Good fires was [sic] made of the logs. Provisions were rather short on account of the teams being so long on the road. The snows made traveling rather slow.
[On November 6 the temperature dropped to 11 degrees F below zero. Inadequate nutrition makes one even more vulnerable to the cold; that is, one perishes at an environmental temperature when fasting which would not have been fatal had there been food in the stomach, for energy associated with digestion, or the heat increment associated with ingestion of food, can be used to sustain the critical body temperature. Given the dietary, clothing and shelter insufficiencies in such bitterly cold weather, it is a miracle that only 25% of the company perished. Ultimately, it must have been their faith in the Lord which sustained them, for who can doubt that angels did attend them in their extremities.
Our Heritage: A Brief History o[ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, p. 78, gives a profoundly moving, collaborating testimony which recognizes heavenly assistance. It tells of a man who had come West in the Martin Handcart Company. One day he was in a group of people who became sharply critical of Church leaders for allowing the Martin company to start so late in the season with no more supplies and protection than could be afforded by a handcart company. He listened to their criticism until he could stand no more, and then he arose and in great emotion said: "I was in that company and my wife was in it. ...We suffered beyond anything you can imagine and many died of exposure and starvation, but did you ever hear a survivor of that company utter a word of criticism?... (We) came through with the absolute knowledge that God lives for we became acquainted with him in our extremities.
"1 have pulled my handcart when I was so weak and weary from illness and lack of food that I could hardly put one foot ahead of the other. I have looked ahead and seen a patch of sand or a hill slope and I have said, I can go only that far and there I must give up, for I cannot pull the load through it...I have gone on to that sand and when I reached it, the cart began pushing me. I have looked back many times to see who was pushing my cart, but my eyes saw no one. I knew then that the angels of God were there.
"Was I sorry that I chose to come by handcart? No. Neither then nor any minute of my life since. The price we paid to become acquainted with God was a privilege to pay, and I am thankful that I was privileged to come in the Martin Handcart Company. "
The original source of this quotation was identified as William Palmer, quoted in David O. McKay, "Pioneer Women, " Relief Society Magazine, January 1948, 8. There is no Palmer listed on the roster of the Martin company. One would suppose President McKay heard the account of this incident from William Palmer who heard it directly from the man involved. That man's name, like the names of the shepherds in the fields near Bethlehem 2,000 years ago, has been lost. Yet, the assurance of his testimony, like theirs, rings with certainty across the years. In bittersweet eloquence that handcart pioneer confirmed the words of Paul: "Nowfaith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. " (Hebrews 11:1) Because he had not seen, he knew, and that is marvelous evidence to me. Ed]
[There is an autobiographical account involving the rescue of the Martin Handcart Company by Ephraim K Hanks, whom the Hafen's call "one of the greatest of the Mormon scouts " (Hafen and Hafen p. 135). Originally published under the title of "Church Emigration, " in the Contributor, Mar. 1893, pp. 202-3, it has been reproduced on pages 36-7 of My Kingdom Shall Roll Forth. It adds interesting details. Hanks tells he was summoned by a voice from the other side who said,
"The handcart people are in trouble and you are wanted; will you go and help them?" Hanks wrote: "I turned instinctively in the direction from whence the voice came and beheld an ordinary-sized man in the room. Without any hesitation I answered, Yes, I will go if I am called.' I then turned around to go to sleep, but had laid only a few minutes when the voice called a second time, repeating almost the same as before. This was repeated a third time. When I got up the next morning I said to Brother Brown, (Hanks had spent the night with Gurney Brown of Draper, Utah),
The handcart people are in trouble, and I have promised to help them;' but I did not tell him of my experience during the night. "
Ephraim K. Hanks went as requested. The storm which caused so much suffering to the hand-cart pioneers overtook him near South Pass. For three days there was no travel. Then, fearing for the Martin Company he went on alone. When praying specifically for a buffalo robe and meat in the vicinity of South Pass, he looked up to see a buffalo bull within fifty yards of his camp. He killed the bull with his first shot. The next day at Ice Springs Bench he killed a buffalo cow. His pack horse was loaded with meat from the two buffalo carcasses when he met the pioneers as they were camping that night. He wrote: "The sight that met my gaze can never be erased from my memory. The starved forms and haggard countenances of the poor sufferers, as they moved slowly, shivering with their scanty evening meal, was enough to touch the stoutest heart. When they saw me coming they hailed me with joy inexpressible, and when they further beheld the supply of fresh meat I brought into their camp, their gratitude knew no bounds.. Flocking around me, one would say, ^Oh, please give me a small piece of meat;' Another would exclaim, 'My poor children are starving, do give me a little..."' At first Hanks attempted to wait on them, but finally told them to help themselves. He said: "Five minutes later both of my horses were released of their extra burden—the meat was all gone, and the next few hours found the people busily engaged in cooking and eating it, with thankful hearts. "
Ephraim Hanks concluded by stating: "A prophecy had been made by one of the brethren that the company would feast on buffalo meat when their provisions might run short; my arrival in their
camp, loaded with meat, was the beginning of the fulfillment of that prediction; but only the beginning, as I afterwards shot and killed a number of buffalo for them as we journeyed along. "
The heat increment produced when the body is digesting meat is greater than when digesting/lour, of which they had precious little. The meat added much needed dietary protein. Reports of deaths are not featured in the written accounts after the arrival of the rescuers. Perhaps this is part of the reason. The Langley Allgood Bailey History, page 3 tells that the deep snows had slowed the progress of the rescue teams, and in consequence of the delays, "rations were still short. " Ed. J
We arrived in Salt Lake City Sunday noon, coming way of immergration [Emigration] Canyon. I was lifted up in the wagon. Could see houses in the distance. It was like the Israelites of old in finding the promised land—date Nov. 30, 1856. [The blessing given by Franklin D. Richards of the Twelve had been honored by the Lord. His mother's faith never wavered. Langley had lived to see the valleys of the mountains. Ed.]
We was [sic] taken to Sugarhouse ward. The house was empty. Pres[iden]t Brigham Young dismissed the meeting early that forenoon. Told the Saints to go and take care of us. We staid [sic] in the city about a week. Sydney Mee [?] & Bro. Thomas Wright came with ox teams to take us to Nephi. At Santaquin we staid [sic] the night with Patriarch Isaac Morley. [This is the same Isaac Morley who is mentioned in Doctrine and Covenants 52:23 and 64:15-16, 20. Isaac Morley was closely associated with Frederick Walter Cox at Yelrome, Illinois and Manti, Utah. Yelrome was also called the Morley Settlement. It was located along a brook about 1 1/2 miles northwest of Lima, Illinois, just north of the Adams/Hancock county line. The land has been leveled and corn now grows where a mob burned homes and grain stacks in the fall of 1845. My father has written a detailed account of these men in his classic work, Before and After Mt. Pisgah. Bro. Morley gave my 3rd great-grandmother, Rebecca Smith White, her patriarchal blessing. Rebecca joined the Church in Ohio. In the 1840-42 period, the White and Driggs families became apart of the City of Nauvoo. The White family lived in the same vicinity as the Joseph Smith, Sr. family in Vermont and may have been distantly related. Henry and Rebecca White's daughter, Elizabeth, was born at Chester, Windsor County Vermont, 14 July 1812. The events of 27 June 1844 at Carthage greatly distressed Henry Harvey White. At some point afterward, probably in 1845, he died. He lies in an unmarked grave in Casper's Hollow, the old Mormon Cemetery of Nauvoo. His grandson, Ben Driggs, always remembered the flowers and the address of Elder Orson Hyde of the Twelve, who not only spoke at the funeral, but came to the home to comfort the family afterward. Rebecca was a part of the 1846 exodus. Her son, Sam, enlisted in the Mormon Battalion. She lived for a time at Pigeon Creek, (also given as Big Pidgeon Creek) one of a number of the temporary Mormon settlements in western Iowa, before coming to Utah in 1852. She spent her last years in Pleasant Grove, Utah with her daughter, Elizabeth White Driggs. (See Ben: The Wagon Boy and the Driggs Family in America.) This Ben Driggs is the same individual as mentioned earlier, who had been a part of the relief column which helped rescue the Bailey family. Ultimately he would marry as a second wife, Rosalie Ellen Cox, the oldest surviving daughter of Frederick Walter Cox and Erne line Whiting. Rosalie Ellen's two older sisters had died and were buried at Mt. Pisgah. In the early days of the Church, lives were intimately woven together as in a magnificent tapestry, which might
rightfully be called the "Saga of Faith. " As an aside, it was Ben and Rosalie's grandson, Clare Bernard Christensen, and his wife, Relia Sarah Allen, who wrote the original history of her grandfather, Langley Allgood Bailey. Ed.] We eat [sic] com meal mush for breakfast. By the time they lifted me in the wagon I was hungry.
Some teams from Nephi overtook us. Mother and I was [sic] placed in Ned Kendall's wagon. He told us if we became hungry there's some loose corn on the cob (flint white corn)--we could help ourselves. We were unable to bite a kneral [kernel]. About 4 p.m. we came to a big dirt [dirt or earthen] wall. We entered Nephi. We was [sic] taken to an empty one-room house. No furniture. Some sagebrush had been placed by the door. A fire was made. Watched the smoke go up the chimney. I said to my parients [sic] is this Zion we have been praying and singing about? The surroundings was [sic] very uninviting. We made our beds on the hard floor. We lived on charity during the winter. Sometimes we had food, sometimes we were short.
We had been traveling for 8 months—suffering for food and latter part of the time very cold. Was pleased to find a resting place, tho very humble indeed. I looked around and saw little adobe houses, [with] roofs made of willows and covered with durt [sic]. Opposite our window nearby a corrall [sic]. It was Sunday morning. Some young men was [sic] roping some wild steers. The language used fairly shocked me. I said to my mother: "Is this Zion?" The following Sunday I asked the priveledge [sic] to go outside the house and see what kind of people attended meeting. As some boys passed me, they knocked me down with snowballs. I got the snow out of my neck and back. I said to my mother: "Is this Zion where the pure in heart lives/'?/'
One morning I asked the preveledge [sic] of visiting Sister Sarah Mee Wright whom I had not seen since leaving England. I got as far as Geo. Kendall's comer (now W C Ockeys). There was a ditch to cross. After looking and resting, I made the attempt to cross it. I got down in the ditch. Something lifted me right out. [It was] not a very large ditch. I was so weak. At Wright's door there was [sic] three steps to assend [sic]. I stopped and looked how I could get up to the door. Sister Wright came out and helped me up to the door and in. I sat and rested. She said, "Are you getting better now?" I told her I was not sick. My wish was [for her] to ask me to eat some bread & butter. After eating I told her I must go—mother said not to stop. On my way back I wonde/re/d if mother would have some dinner ready. I was always hungry.
A Mrs. Covley, a neighbor, told mother that I could come and eat at her house while her husband went to S.L.C. [Salt lake City] with a load of grain. [He'd] be gone about two weeks. I could attend babies and chum [butter]. I was much delighted with this job. I played with the children. Next day came the churn. I did not have strength to lift the dash/er] up so she helped me, but told me to mind the children. I showed signs of feeling bad, I feared I had lost my job. [She] said, "Don't feel bad, you cannot help being so weak."
I was so thin [that] many people came to see me. Mother took off my shirt. There was nothing but skin and bones. One day in the spring of 1857 a team came. I was asked to take a ride to the mill.
While there I was weighed. I tipled [tipped?] the scales at 60 lbs. I was 18 years and 9 months old. Later on a got a job herding sheep. I took them out in the morning and brought them in at night. I worked seven weeks for a pair of shoes. I was barefoot. [The shoes were] two sizes to large. These shoes had been [previously] worne [sic].
Early summer 1857 Father Wm. Cazier invited me to come and live with him. Here I found a good home. [Patriarch] Cazier had two wives. They treated me very kind/ly/. Mrs. saw the bare knees in my trousers. She took some stocking legs and mended my trousers. Father Cazier bought two buckskins of the Indians. Smoked the skins. Then [they] were made into trousers. They lasted me for years. I was caught in a rain storm. The legs of the pant/s/ stretched so long, I cut them shorter. When they become [sic] dry, they become too short, and bagged out at the knees.
I was badly in need of a hat. I went to a straw stack and picked out a lot of steght [sic] straws. A Sister Love showed me how to braid seven straws. By the fire light at night I braided quite a number of yards. I tried to sew it into a hat, but I failed. Sister Love made it for me. I wish you could have seen that hat after it was made. Winter weather came. It was to cold to ware [sic] this straw hat. We succe/e/ded in killing a wolf. Cut the hare [sic] [off] of the hide, and Bro. Sidwell made me a hat. It was thick and warm. When it rained and got wet, I could hardly carry it.
On June 2nd 18571 was ordained a Seventy in the 49 quorum. Elder George Kendall ordained me. Bro. Kendall was ordained by Pres[iden]t Joseph Young. Bro. Young was ordained by the Prophet Joseph Smith. The Prophet was ordained by Peter, James and John . [Langley was just two months beyond his nineteenth birthday when he was ordained a Seventy. His "Seventies" license was retained with his journal. The language of the "license" reads as follows: "This Certifies that LangleyA. Bailey has been received into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, organized on the sixth day of April, 1830, and was ordained an Apostle of the Seventies on the 2nd day of June 1857 and is a member of the Forty Ninth Quorum, and by virtue of his office he is authorized to preach the Gospel and officiate in all the ordinances thereof in all the world, agreeably to the authority of the Holy Priesthood vested in him. By Geo. Kendall. Given under our hands at Great Salt Lake City this Nineteenth day of October 1857. Jos. Young, President. Robert (?) Campbell, Clerk. " For many years there were quorums of Seventy in the stakes, but only General Authorities were authorized to ordain Seventies. While I served in the stake presidency, stake presidents were authorized to ordained Seventies, and I had the privilege of ordaining some men to that office. During the administration of President Ezra Taft Benson, stake quorums of Seventy were discontinued, and the Office of Seventy was reserved for General Authority service. During President Gordon B. Hinckley's administration, Area Authorities were ordained Seventies and assigned to either the Third, Fourth or Fifth Quorums of Seventy. Members of the First and Second Quorums continue to serve as General Authorities. Ed]
[On page 37 of his journal, Langley Bailey tells of an 1858 incident when he saved a person from being drowned. He wrote:] In the year 1858,1 was living with Patriarch Wm. Cazier. A mill race full of water was running through the lot or yard. I went out of the house. I came out of the house
to make a viset [sic] with my mother. Something came over me. I could not move a step. In the dark I saw the form of a person come to the bridge to dip a bucket of water. The stream pulled her head first inftoj the water. I jumped in the water. I took hold of her. It was all I could do to manage her. I saw it was Mother Jackson, [the] mother of Samuel and Nephi Jackson. I took her over to Sd Adams where she was living. Everybody in Nephi said, had I not been there she would have drowned, for the banks of the mill race was [sic] steep.
Father Cazier gave me two acres of volunteer wheat. I got 52 bushels. I let my father have the wheat. That [wheat] helped him purchase a yoke of oxen. He and mother, John & David moved to Moroni, Sanpete Co. This was in the year 1859. [According to the history of Langley AllgoodBailey written by Clare B. andReliaA. Christensen, page 4, there had been friction between John Bailey and the bishop at Nephi over water rights, and between Jane Allgood Bailey and the bishop's wife over unidentified personal matters. Water rights have been difficult matters for years in the semi-arid West, and Utah Territory was no exception. Given current population growth in Utah, water has again taken on increased economic significance. The intrusion of Micron into Utah Valley has driven the value of water stock sharply upward. To avoid more friction, John Bailey moved on. Today, such matters are frequently taken to court. Ed.] Father Cazier gave me an ox for one years work. This ox I gave to the emmigration f\m[d]. [The Perpetual Emigration Fund (PEF) was established by the Church to assist the poor and needy to come to Zion. Those using the fund were expected to reimburse it, so that others could be helped. The PEF represented contributions beyond those given as tithing by Latter-days Saints already in Utah Territory. This statement clearly indicates the Baileys had been PEF beneficiaries. Ed.]
In the year of 18601 worked for D[avi]d Cazier. Father Cazier said he was not able to pay me what I ought to have. With the pay I received from D[avi]d Cazier, I bought a yoke of oxen of Bro. Ed. Ockey. On March 27th 1861 I took my team and helped my Bro., John, at Moroni put in his crop of grain. I returned back and forth to Nephi. I helped in the harvest field. Earned a little in the summer.
[My maternal grandmother, Sarah Ann Bailey, was the daughter of Langley Allgood Bailey and Sarah Andrews. About twoyears after her death in 1922, my grandfather, George A. Allen, married her cousin, Fern Bailey of Moroni. Fern was a daughter of John Bailey, Langley's just younger brother. Thus both of Grandfather Allen's wives were daughters of Martin Handcart Company pioneers. Aunt Fern was one of nine children. She is buried in Moroni rather than Nephi. John Bailey, a Black Hawk War veteran, was numbered among the early settlers of Moroni.
Another lateral relationship of interest to the Allen family involves John Fenn. His first wife, Martha Wells, died sometime between 1823 and 1829. Their ninth child, Mary Ann Fenn Bird, was a widow with seven children between the ages of six to twenty. She and her family were members of the James G. Willie Handcart Company. Apparently her two oldest daughters married soldiers and did not come west. On 13 October 1829 John Fenn married Ann Cherry. They had two children, Eliza Ann, born 30 November 1831, and Amos Alexander, born 16 November 1834. John Fenn and his second family came to America aboard the Ellen in 1851. When the Fenns reached
St. Louis, John was not well enough to go farther. He remained in St Louis, Missouri where he died 17 December 185 7. He requested that his daughter, Eliza Ann, go on to Utah. She did so, and there she married William Wilford Allen, 14 December 1852. It was their son, George A. Allen, who married the Bailey cousins.
John Fenn was desirous that his family have a representative in Zion. He reportedly said to Eliza Ann, "If I don't go, your mother won't. And if your mother does not go, your brother will not leave her. " He was prophetic. Ann Cherry Fenn and her son, Amos Alexander, would die in Kansas. She, in September 1868, and he on 4 April 1914. John Fenn had at least two daughters who went to Utah in the 1850s, but Eliza Ann was the first. Whether or not John learned before his death that his daughter, Mary Ann, had also made the trek in 1856,1 know not. My only daughter, Ann Marie, has visited and photographed John Fenn's grave in St. Louis, Missouri.
Shirley Hartman, the wife of Dr. Guy L. Hartman, is a descendant of John Fenn and Martha Wells. Shirley and Guy are converts to the Church. She had corresponded with George A. Allen about the Fenn family prior to his death in 1956. We became acquainted with the Hartmans in the middle 1960s. Shirley made the connection of our shared Fenn heritage when I shared an incident from the life of my Grandfather Allen during a sacrament meeting talk. Guy was bishop of the Claremont Ward, Pomona Stake when we moved to Pomona in August 1964. They now live in Salt Lake City and are neighbors to Neal A. Maxwell of the Twelve. In June 1994, Elder Maxwell set me apart as a mission president. He was our first visiting general authority when I was new stake president.
My sister, Clarice Ann, and her husband, John Dewey Nelson, visited John Fenn's English home in October 1994. The Fenn home has been designated as a "registered black and white home. " Such homes have a pedigree of owners and, as such, must be maintained in accordance with strict guidelines for preserving the architectural integrity of houses so identified. An interesting feature of this old English house is that it contains a hidey-hole, an expression used to denote a small hidden room which was used to conceal folk who were on the run from the king for tax evasion or other reasons. The Fenn house was built over an old Roman ruin. Roman artifacts have been found on the property. The commemorative bonfires of Guy Fawkes Day which are set on a nearby castle's grounds, (probably the castle at Beckhamsted) are visible from the Fenn house. The present owners are P. C. andM. I. Day. The home is called "Old Grovebury Manor Farm. " The address is Little Hill, Billington, Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, England. John Fenn, according to the Days, left the home because the king and his men were always stopping and confiscating a cow, a horse or whatever else they needed, collecting any taxes due, or ones which may become due. The house is reputed to have a ghost, but Mr. and Mrs. Day say it is a gentle one.
Guy Fawkes was a key player in the Gunpowder Plot, a conspiracy to blow up the English Houses of Parliament and King James I at the opening of Parliament 5 November 1605. Fawkes and others had filled a cellar below the House of Lords with gunpowder. The dissidents were mostly Catholic. They were resentful that James I had failed to relieve them of their legal disabilities. The confessions of the conspirators implicated several Jesuit priests which served to confirm popular feeling against the Catholics. Fawkes, an ex-soldier, had been entrusted with the chief part in the execution of the
Gunpowder Plot which was not uncovered until November 4. Fawkes was hanged. It happens again each year on November 5 when Guy Fawkes is either hanged or burned in effigy at celebrations held throughout the United Kingdom.
William Wilford Allen and family sailed on the Ellen. His wife, Harriet Rook, died 26 February 1851 and was buried at sea. Two days later, their last son, Levi Willard, died and was buried at sea, just off the coast of Cuba. They had buried their first two children in England. A daughter born October 20, 1846 was premature. She had lived but nine hours when she died 21 October 1846. The baby had not been sprinkled or baptized according to the rules of the Church of England. The vicar refused to allow her burial. Sorrowing and without alternative to intolerance, they buried the tiny girl in the churchyard cemetery after dark. William Wilford and Harriet's next child was a son. Heber Charles was born 9 September 1847. Little Heber died 1 July 1848. That same day, Levi Willard was born. (History of William Wilford Allen by his son, George A. Allen, pp. 1-2.)
On 14 March 1851 the Ellen docked at New Orleans. W. W. Allen went up the Mississippi River by paddle wheeler to St. Louis. He was a stonemason. He found work building chimneys for cabins and homes in the St. Louis area. With his earnings he was able to outfit himself with team, wagon and supplies, and then go on to Utah that season. He helped lay the stone on the St. George and Manti temples and the brick of the historic Provo Tabernacle. His mason tender at Manti was a Ute Indian named Yankatewats. Ed.]
During the year 1860 Sept. Bro. and Sister Andrews [and their] two boys and two girls arrived. I became atteched [sic] to Sarah their daughter. We were married by Elder Thomas Wright on Nov 17th 1861. Bro Wright emmigrated [sic] the Wm. Andrews family. I paid Bro. Wright for my wife's emmigration [sic]. The following year Father Andrews and I farmed on shares for Bro. Wright.
[According to a news article which told of her death, Sarah Andrews was born 12 January 1845 at Packington, England. The Andrews family emigrated to Utah in I860 in an ox-team company led by Brigham H. Young. This company was a freight train which departed from Florence, Nebraska and arrived in the Salt Lake Valley 14 September 1860. (seep. 173, DeseretNews 1997-98 Church Almanac.) The obituary account reported that Sarah had walked the entire distance. In addition, a report of their 65th wedding anniversary told that she had driven cows (or extra oxen) and calves the entire distance. A history written by her daughter, Jennie B. Beck in collaboration with Chole Nelson Bailey, tells they landed in New York and took the train to Winter Quarters where they were met by an uncle, Thomas Wright They arrived in Nephi on September 16, 1860 tired and footsore. The Wright home was too small to accommodate them. The father, mother and small children slept in a wagon all winter. Sarah slept the first night in Nephi in a corn crib. The next day she went to work. The pay for her first six weeks was a pair of shoes which were too large. She was then dismissed by the woman because the man of the house thought she had become indispensable to his happiness. (Sarah Andrews Bailey History by Jennie B. Beck p. 1.)
There were several sailings of Latter-day Saint companies from Liverpool that season. The Sarah Andrews History states they sailed on the William Tapscott. The William Tapscott with its company
of 731 departed 11 May and reached New York on 16 June 1860. Langley Bailey (page 31 of his hand written journal) recorded that his in-laws were pioneers of July 1860. That must represent the starting date from Winter Quarters.
Langley first saw Sarah Andrews at her uncle's home. When he saw her march in the July 24 parade wearing a beautiful white dress, which she had brought from England, and a wreath of flowers on her curly head, he was completely captivated. Sarah was two months short of her seventeenth birthday when she married Langley Allgood Bailey November 17, 1861 at the home of Uncle Thomas Wright, who performed the ceremony. Years later, Mary Jane Bailey Beck, whom we lovingly called Aunt Jen, told that at a family gathering her father said to her mother (Langley said to his sweetheart, Sarah): "You were just a green English lassie when 1 married you. " To his teasing remark she brightly replied, "I must have been!" Aunt Jen said: "Mother could hold her own with Father. " That happy banter is characteristic of English couples even today, at least it is with the marvelous couples from Great Britain whom Kathy and I came to know and love during our service in the Philippines. (In 1860, two pioneer companies sailed from South Africa—one from Port Elizabeth and the other from Cape Town, two cities which held special memories for my father. The company from Cape Town landed in Boston on 18 June, two days after the William Tapscott docked in New York.)
The Andrews family acquired a one-room adobe home with little furniture. Without alternative, they slept on the home's dirt floor. A fireplace provided heat and was used for cooking. A baking skillet served as their principal cooking utensil. It must have been a trial of faith. Their lives had been a manifestation of faith. They undersood the point of their sacrifice and the necessity of sacred ordinances. Years later, Langley recorded that in December 1861 "My father and mother took ox team [and] got their endowments. " (See p. 32 of his hand-written journal). Those ordinances would have been performed at the Endowment House in Salt Lake City. Ed. J
One Sunday morning some Indians entered Bro. Thomas Wright's house. They had a drum made out of rawhide. They made a[n] awfull [sic] noise. Bro. Wright had been sick all night. The noise made him mad. He knocked them out of the house. They told me they would fix him. Bro Wright was using in the field my cattle. [The] Indians, thinking they belonged to Bro. Thomas Wright, shot a poisen [sic] arrow into one's thigh. He died. My team was broken. I was unable to purchase another ox. Bishop said to me, let the one ox left go and haul rock for the S.L.C. Temple.
I owened [sic] a cow. It died. Our 6-month child, a boy, died. [From the lovely white dress which Sarah had brought from England, she fashioned her infant son's burial clothes. (Sarah Andrews Bailey History by Jennie B. Beck p. 2.) Ed] I felt down cast and discouraged. I dreamed I saw a corrall [sic] full of horses and cattle. A man stood nearby pointing to the animals. Said all are yours— do not be so impatient. It taught me a lesson.
I began to prosper. I bought 5 acres of land. Got me a team and wagon. In the fall of 1862,1 took wagons, two yoke of cattle and hauled a load of oats on the mail line to Fish Springs.
[There was a Fish Springs station on the Pony Express/Overland Stage Mail Route. It was in the desert country of western Utah, between Black Rock and Boyd's according to the Pony Express Route map. Fish Springs is not shown on the 2 October 1866 Department of Interior map, but Black Rock and Boyd's are given. Modern maps show a Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge in the western part of Juab County and a Fish Springs mountain range. It is approximately 85 air miles west-northwest ofNephi. The wagon route would have been much longer, for the 1866 map shows no road west from Nephi toward the Overland Stage Trail Chances are Langley went to the northwestern edge of Utah Valley where he would have joined the mail line a little north of Joe Butcher's Well, or Joe's Dugout Station. From there the mail line ran southwest across Cedar Valley to Camp Floyd, renamed Fort Crittenden, as theformer Secretary ofWar, John B. Floyd, had joined the Confederacy. If this surmise is correct, Langley Bailey would have been hauling grain to feed the horses of the Overland Stage as the Pony Express had ceased operations on 24 October 1861.
The Overland Stage was a vital factor in the North's effort to defeat the South. A steady flow of California gold was essential for the North to succeed. Had that gold gone to the Confederacy, the South may have won the war. After Lincoln's inauguration, Johnston's Army abandoned Camp Floyd. General Johnston would fight and die for the South at Shiloh. With the U.S. Army's departure, Shoshone and other native tribes moved into the power vacuum. By April 1862 the Indians had destroyed mail stations, burned stagecoaches and killed some stage drivers. Abraham Lincoln was desperate. He bypassed Frank Fuller, the federally-appointed, acting territorial governor, and on April 28 contacted Brigham Young directly. He asked the Mormon leader to raise an army of 500 men within 48 days. The initial Indian hostilities had occurred between Ft. Bridger and Deer Creek (now Glenrock, Wyoming) on the North Platte. On April 29 organizational efforts were under way. Within 48 hours Brigham Young and Daniel H. Wells, the militia's commanding general, secured the requested number of Mormon troops. Five days later the Utah Militia had gone as far as Ft. Bridger. The militia's field commander was highly experienced in hit-and-run tactics. He was none other than Lot Smith, the same crafty Major Smith who had burned the US Army's supply wagons in a series of daring raids northeast of Ft. Bridger during the Fall of 1857. Shortly thereafter, with Mormon station keepers, guards, drivers and horses, the gold-carrying Overland Stage was running again, and the integrity of the telegraph lines had been preserved. Lincoln knew months would be required for the federal governmental to place an effective force in the field. No wonder President Young was offended when the federal government dispatched Col. Patrick E. Connor and the California Volunteers to ensure the Mormons remained loyal to the Union. (See ACC Journal III:97-8 and E. B. Long's The Saints and the Union: Utah Territory During the Civil War, University of Illinois Press, 1981, pp. 82-87.) The brief Wyoming campaign was Utah's contribution to the Civil War. In his journal, Langley made no mention of the "War Between the States. " Probably he, like many in Utah, considered the war a quarrel among the Gentiles of the eastern half of the country. Ed]
While there I sold one yoke of cattle for $100 in gold. Was told to take the cattle home and keep them untill [sic] Spring. [The] oat money [and] cattle money gave me a good start. [I] bought more
cows arid work oxen & water right. Took up some land. Raised good crops. Bought this city lot we are now living on, and built a house.
1863-4 I helped on the Nephi Tabernacle hauling logs from the mountains to be sawed into lumber. I attended mason, helped shingle the Tabernacle, Etc. I served three years [as] head water master. 1871 [I] was selected assistant Supt. To W H Warner of the S[unday] S[chool] to Jan. 1886.
[Another son, William, was born 29 January 1864. In December 1865, Langley and Sarah traveled six days by ox-team to Salt Lake City to receive their temple blessings in the Endowment House. The weather was bitterly cold. A third son, Langley Allgood Bailey, Jr. was born 5 April 1866 at Nephi, Utah. The next day Langley was called to help guard Nephi against an Indian attack. The Utes, under the leadership of Chief Black Hawk, had become openly hostile toward the white settlers. When night fell, Langley did not return home. As she lay in her bed that evening, Sarah was deeply worried, for she could hear the whoops of the Ute warriors as they menacingly circled the town. The young mother began to wonder if she were now a widow. (See Sarah Andrews Bailey History, p. 2.)
While the white settlers of Utah had relatively few difficulties with Native Americans, there were some conflicts. From the record he left, it is not clear how extensively Langley was involved in the Black Llawk War. He recorded on 26 March 1925, that he had received from Washington, D. C. a pension check in the amount of $1,920.00 covering the period of March 4, 1917 to March 26, 1925. The pension rate was $20.00 per month. Langley states that U. S. Senator Reed Smoot had pled his case with the federal government. Senator Smoot notified him by telegram of the award of the pension. There is a notation that on 5 May 1927, the pension was increased to $50.00 per month. Apparently he 'd had some difficulty in proving he had been a Black Hawk War veteran in the 1865-66 period. Perhaps his service primarily involved guard duty at Nephi, although a picture taken years later shows him on horseback looking resplendent in dress uniform. Mr. H. L. Williams of Washington, D. C, a pension examiner, had been orderedto Utah to investigate Langley's claim. Williams took affidavits from Langley and wife, Sarah, and Thomas Bowles, Nephi Jackson and Jacob Bowers. The government, now satisfied as to the legitimacy of the claim, issued a check for eight years backpay. By comparison, the 1925 price of gold was $20.00 per ounce. He had received the equivalent of 96 ounces of gold. As of this date, gold is $300.00 per ounce. A check for an equivalent amount now would be $28,800.00. It had been worth the effort to cut the government's red tape. On March 27, he paid his tithing—his son, Thomas, was bishop. Langley gave $500 to Sarah and $15 each to a number of family members. It was the manner he chose to celebrate his 87th birthday. He had expended $910.00.
Langley's brother, John, also served with the Utah Militia. The report of his funeral tells that John was one of the first to receive a pension for his military service in the Black Hawk War. John Bailey was active in civic affairs. He served as a member of the city council and for two terms as mayor of Moroni. (See L. A. Bailey Journal p. 56 for a newpaper report of John Bailey's funeral.)
Langley's daughter, Sarah Ann Allen's father-in-law, William Wilford Allen, served as a commissioned officer in a Utah Militia cavalry company during the Walker and Black Hawk Wars.
The unit of which W. W. Allen was apart was sent south, through Salina Canyon, then north through the Strawberry Valley and then Upper Provo Valley. Heber City is in the Upper Provo. These horse soldiers probably went south along the west side of the Manti range which they crossed at Salina Canyon. Their return trip took them through the Price, Utah area, across Soldier Summit, Strawberry Valley and Heber. It is thought the men of this campaign were the first of the Utah Pioneers to enter this part of the Utah Territory. One wonders why they did not tell more, given as to how much is being written about the wars of the 20th Century. It may be they did not see these experiences as particularly unique to themselves. How many of us write about our home teaching experiences, even those which are uniquely special?
In 1885, a 16-year-old George A. Allen, who would one day become Langley's son-in-law, hired out as a cowhand to the Reid, McCune and Schofield Cattle Company. He worked several seasons as a cowboy for them. This company operated on the Ute lands of the Uintah Basin and Strawberry Valley. George learned their language and grew to love the people who only 20 years earlier had been pursued by the militia. On one occasion he was looking for a secure place to spend the night. He asked a Ute, "Is this a safe place to camp? " "Yes, " the Indian replied, "There are no white men within 50 miles. " William Wilford Allen asked George to attempt to learn the whereabouts of Yankatewats. George found the venerable Ute who by this time was old and blind. (See the History of William Wilford Allen page 2 by George A. Allen and the Biography of George Albert Allen by Clare B. and Re Ha A. Christensen, pages 6-13.) Ed]
In the spring of 1867,1 was riding horseback up the stfreetj now call R. R. Street. I saw a little boy fall into a large streem [sic] running down the ditch. I quickly jumped off my horse, [and] caught the child [as he was] rolling down the streem [sic]. I caught him. Took him to his father and mother. Together, it was with much difficulty to bring him too, thus making three persons I saved from drowning. [This incident is found on LAB Journal p. 37. It is another indication, in a series of notations, which indicate the Bailey journal is a combination journal and autobiography. I am at a loss to explain why he did not tell chronologically the birth of his children, for every report I have ever heard or read about him suggests he had great delight in his family. He does give a summary of "important genealogy" on pp. 31-2 on his journal. Ed.]
Jan. 1886. At this date was set apart as Superentent [sic] served untill [sic] 1897 with A. [?] and
T. Vickers as assistence [assistants]. The schools was [sic] divided [in] 1891. I served as S. S. Stake Supt. Untill [sic] 1904 with my assistence [sic] H.F. McCune & \[saac] Bail.
[In the papers attached to this journal is an important document dated 16 June 1869, signed by John McEwan, clerk of the United States District Court, city of Provo, Hon. O. H. Strickland, Judge Presiding. It is the Certificate of Naturalization. On that date Langley Allgood Bailey became a citizen of the United States "having declared on oath in the due form of law before this Court, that he will support the Constitution of the United States, and that he doth absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance to every foreign Prince, Potentate, State, or Sovereignty whatever, and particularly to Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, whose subject I have heretofore been." Ed]
I was counselled [sic] by Apostle Geo. Teasdale & Pres[iden]t Wm. Paxman to take another wife. This was a heavy blow. It made me sick. I could not eat or sleep. I prayed and prayed. It was made manifest in a dream who was the lady for me. April 5th 1883 I married Sarah Emma Warner in the old endowment [House], Fresfidenjt Joseph F. Smith and Eliza R. Snow officiating. About this time U.S. deputy Mai[shals] became very active. Was threatened to be arrested. [Sarah Emma was a niece of Langley's first wife, Sarah Andrews Bailey. Ed.]
Feb 2nd 1885 called by Pres[iden]t John Taylor to take a mission to Great Briton [sic]. Morning [of] Feb. 3rd Will & Langley [his sons. Ed] took team and drove me to Mona. Pres[iden]t Joel Grover was on the train, also a deputy marchall [sic]. As the train stopped at Mona [A town seven miles north ofNephi. Ed], Bro. Grover got oft [and] gave me a leg [up] into the caboose. I was set apart the same day by Apostle F.D. Richards.
[One wonders what the conversation might have been between these two men, for it had been Elder Richards who had given young Langley a blessing somewhere along the Mormon Trail in 1856, and had promised the desperately ill lad that he would live to see the valleys of the mountains.
Interestingly, Franklin D. Richards' son, George F. Richards, performed the sealing ordinance for my parents, Clare Bernard Christensen and Re Ha Sarah A lien. Relia is a granddaughter of Langley Bailey. Both Franklin D. and George F. Richards served as president of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. It was George F. Richards' son, Elder LeGrand Richards of the Quorum of the Twelve, who set me apart as president of the Chino California Stake, 14 October 1979. In fact, Presiding Bishop LeGrand Richards was the visiting authority at an Alpine Stake Conference when I gave my first stake conference talk. He requested that a deacon speak on the subject of five reasons why a boy should pray. (President Jesse M. Walker gave me that assignment through my father. April 14, 1952, about four years later, Bro. Walker gave me a patriarchal blessing.) Elder Douglas Callister, LeGrand's grandson, was the last regional representative with whom I worked prior to my release as stake president. It was Elder Callister who suggested to President Jerry M. Hess that he may wish to consider me as a counselor for the California Riverside Mission presidency. The call to serve in Riverside must have played a part in the call for Kathleen and I to preside over the Philippines San Fernando Mission. An associate of Elder Callister is Elder Quentin L. Cook of the Seventy, our first contact for our last year on Luzon. Elder Callister now serves as an 'Area Authority Seventy. " Church friendships are fascinating. Those friendships and the blessing the Richards family has been to mine, support the doctrine taught in Abraham 3:22-23. Ed.]
Bro. Grover [and] Dept. Marchall [sic], John Whilbeck, got into high words on the train in his trying to arrest good men. Blows were struct [struck]. [The] conductor and brakesman [sic] got between them. [This] save/d/ further troubles or Mr. Marchall [sic] would have received a whipping. I got my ticket same day. I was taken up to Bp. Harrison Sperry. Staid [sic] all night. In the morning [went to] Murray station. The company I was to go with had gone the day before on the Denver line. This was Feb. 4, 1885. I reached New York Feb. 9th. I put up at Stephens Hotel. All alone, no one did I know.
Feb. 10. Took a trip over Brooklin [sic] Bridge, thence to Green Wood cemetery. Took steemer [sic] back to N. Y.
Feb. 11th Very cold day. I met on the street Apostle John H. Smith. [He had] just returned from presiding over the British Mission. Told me the steemer [sic] I was to set sail on, [which was the one] that he had returned on, was disabled. I would have to go on another boat. I met C. W. Penrose on the street. Said he would send Robt Sloan. He would engage a passage on the ship City Chester for me. I made the acquaintee [sic] of the following name/d/ brethren: Bros. Ed. Thomas, Anson Call, Bro. Hedberg and a Mr. Gold.
Feb 12. We all boarded the ves/s/el. We all met and sang the songs of Zion. I was asked to dedicate the ship and there on to God. I did so. We encounte/re/d some terable [sic] storms. Our rudder broke off—very slow traveling. The waves bust thro the skylight onto me while in bed. Wet my clothes. I was three days I did not eat or drink. I lay in bed. My clothes was [sic] all wet. I was carried to another department in clean dry blanket by the sailers [sic]. The main mast was broken. [It] top/p/led into the sea. The wheelhouse, bui/l/t of iron, was bent in. This awfull [sic] night I got out of bed and by the power of the Priesthood I rebuked the storm. It was obeyed. I thanked God for hearing my cryes [sic].
Feb. 25th. We sighted land. On Feb 26 a Pilot came on board [and] to/w/ed us into Queens Town. Feb 27. Took steamer to Queenstown. Traveled all day sight seeing. Returned to our steamer after dark. We all on board got into a steamer in order to meet the City of Berlin. Had to return back to the harber [sic]. Then we boarded the City Berlin. Reached Liverpool Harbor 1:30 a.m. Sunday.
March 1st. A boat came with Pres[iden]t D.H. Wells and other Elders. Landed and marched to the saints headquarters, Islin/g/ton, [Liverpool]. We all went to meeting that morning. The first food I pertook [sic] of in England was the sacrament. On the City Berlin I met Bro. Walsh. I, with him, was assi/g/ned to labor in the Hucknall district in the Nottingham Conference.
[Hucknall is a little northwest of Nottingham. This would seem to suggest that the Nottingham Conference must have covered a substantial area in central England. The letter of appointment was signed by Daniel H. Wells, President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the British Isles and adjacent countries. (In today 's Church lexicon, Daniel H Wells would be called the Area President.) He was to labor under the direction of Moroni L. Pratt. In part the letter read: "Dear Brother, keep the commandments of God, honor the covenants you have made with the Lord and your brethren, observe the counsels of those who are placed over you; live pure, be humble and prayerful, resist temptation, eschewthevery appearance of evil, that the Holy Spirit may accompany your administrations—that the power of your Priesthood and calling may increase upon you—the hearts of the people be opened to receive your testimony and minister to your necessities; and you will then be instrumental, in the hands of God, of turning many from the errors and follies of the world to the knowledge of the Truth. His appointment letter from the First Presidency was headed: Holiness to the Lord. To all Persons to whom this letter shall come: This certifies that the bearer, Elder LangleyA. Bailey is in full faith and fellowship with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
Saints, and by the General Authorities of said Church has been duly appointed to serve a mission to Great Britain to Preach The Gospel and Administer in all the Ordinances thereof pertaining to his office. And we invite all men to give heed to his Teachings and Counsels as a man of God, sent to open to them the Door of Life and Salvation—and to assist him in his travels in whatsoever things he may need. And we pray God, The Eternal Father, to bless Elder Bailey and all who receive him, and minister to his comfort, with the blessings of heaven and Earth, for time and all eternity, in the name of JESUS CHRIST, Amen. Signed at Salt Lake City, Territory of Utah, 3d February 1885, in behalf of said Church, John Taylor, Geo. Q. Cannon, Jos. F. Smith, First Presidency. Ed]
On Monday I went with Pres[iden]t Wells to the baths. Took a bath. I returned to the office. Was asked to write an account of our voige [voyage] for the Starr. [Langley Bailey meant the Millennial Star, a significantChurch publication printed formanyyears in the British Isles. Ed.] That evening with Bro. Walsh took the train to Berry. [Skelton states: "The place named Berry is misspelt. It should read Bury which is, for some daft reason, pronounced Berry. " Ed] On our journey next morning at Manchester I ordered a suit of clothes and pd. for them. Reach Notts at 3 p.m.
March 3rd. Reached conference, 49 Sabina St. Conference House. Found an Elder Lorance Young, Bro. and Sis. Burrows keept [sic] Conference house. Bro. Burrows' mother lived as a servant at our house in Whitwick when I was a baby. March 4. Sleeped [sic] good. Went with Bro. Walsh to station. Returned [and] sang songs untill [sic] 11 p.m. [March] 5. Very foggy. Had a walk with Bro. Young He was going to Derby. [March] 6. I wrote home a letter. Sxm[day] 8. Attended meeting afternoon and night. I spoke at both meetings.
Monday [March] 9th. Bro. Tho. Wright, Presfidenjt MX. Pratt and Bro. Eardley came. They were traveling Elders. [March] 10. Rec'd letters from home. With the Elders visited Nots Castle and Museum. March 11. All started for Hucknall. Held meeting. All the brethren spoke. March 12 & 13. I left Hucknall and went [to] Annesley. Found Uncle Thomas Allgood, also aunt and cousens [sic] Ed. and Thomas. Reached there 5 p.m. [They] was [sic] pleased to see me. After tea, Uncle sang. Cou. Tom plaid [sic] organ. Went to bed late. Sleeped [sic] good. After breakfast Uncle took me to the coal pit buildings. Thence thro Squire Muster's Park. Uncle said I could stay with them as long as I wished to.
March 14. I wrote to Bro. Wright at Mansfield. Took a walk with Uncle. I saw a girl on the way with a small child. I kissed the baby. I thot of home—a tear came, appeared.
March 15. Visited the caves of Robin Hood. John Sarman at Uncle's. He asked many questions about L.D.S. belief. He was a Baptis/// minister. I attended his meeting at night. His text was the sower. [Of this journal entry Bryan Skelton wrote: "Langley mentions Robin Hood's Caves. I have never heard of any such caves but a legend says that Robin Hood was the Earl of Loxley who returned from the crusades in the late 1190s to find his lands in Nottinghamshire confiscated by King John, the brother of Richard the Lion Heart. Robin then set about causing a nuisance to the gentry from whom he pinched as much as possible and gave it to the poor. Somewhere in the legend there will, no doubt, be a germ of truth, but there is no solid evidence that Robin ever existed. " Ed]
March 16. Cou. Edward said before I came they had talked a good deal about me. That night I en/iter/tained them telling them about the Indians. I went to the doctor for Uncle [to get] some medicine. On my way back, I came a long by a hill that Cardnall [sic] Wolsay [sic] passed over, a man sudinglly [suddenly] ap/p/eared before me. [He said] you are a good man, I am not. You are rich. I am not. Then disap[p]Qar[ed]. My tongue was tied. I could not speak. I alway/s/ thot it was Wolsley [sic].
[Cardinal Thomas Wolsey was both an English statesman and Catholic churchman. Henry VIII made him a member of the king's council. In 1514 he became bishop of London, and later that year, archbishop of York. In 1515, Pope Leo X made Wolsey a cardinal. Wolsey had ambitions of becoming pope and schemed politically toward that end. His political undoing came when he broke with Henry VIII over the matter of Henry's divorcing Catherine of Aragon, so that he could marry Anne Boleyn. Wolsey endeavored to have the papacy declare Henry's marriage to Anne Boleyn invalid, but failed. Wolsey's many enemies, now reinforced by an indignant Anne Boleyn, vigorously sought his ruin. He was stripped of all of his offices except the archbishopric of York.
Until I received Bryan Skelton 's letter I had assumed that Wolsey's intrigues for power had been a continuing thing, and that such were the reasons he was on the way to London to answer to a charge of high treason when he died at Leicester Abbey in 1530. Skelton casts the matter in a different light. He wrote: "The mention of Cardinal Wolsey interested me. Unfortunately, I am a long way from my books but I seem to recollect that the Cardinal was already a sick man when he was summoned to appear before the king in the middle of the winter. It was out of fear for his life that he commenced his journey, but his sickness overcame him anyway. I think his ambition to regain his power had long since gone before he died. People rarely came back into favor with the Tudor monarchs, particularly Henry VIII. Indeed, Henry was relatively tame at this time, but once he decided to shorten Anne Boleyn's life and height, his penchant for killing off the opposition gathered pace quite quickly. " Ed]
March 17. I was weighed—152 lbs. Uncle gave me a lesson drawing flowers. Took a walk with Uncle thro the fields. March 18. At 9 a.m. went [to] Hucknall. Met Bros. Wright and Eardley. At night attended a meeting. Spoke 10 m[inutes], Sleeped [sic] with Bro. Wright at Sister Goddard's. Received a letter from home. March 19. Wrote a poem, "The Absent Father." Rec'd a letter from B. Riches. I visited Robin Hood semitery [sic]. Saw some very fine mumentos [sic], one a women about [to?] fly with a vail [sic] on.
March 20. Wrote home. Had my picture taken. I found photos, office pictures of Geo. Q. Cannon, Brigham Young, [and] Geo. Teasdale. I got them. Bought a pair of shoes, pd. 12 s. 5d. [12 s. 5 d. represents 12 shillings, 5 pence. In the 1800s the shilling was an English silver coin accounted equal to 12 pence or the twentieth part of a pound sterling. Pence was plural for pennies. The penny was a bronze (formerly copper) coin. There were 12 pennies in a shilling and 240 pennies in the English pound. There were fractional coins, namely the half-penny and the farthing or 1/4 penny, which was the coin of least value. That coin is mentioned in the King James Translation of the Bible, wherein the Master said we would be required to pay "the uttermost farthing" if we did
not repent. (See Matthew 5: 25-26) Note, that farthing is an English coin which the King James translators substituted for the Jewish coin of least value. When teaching the Nephites the same doctrine, the resurrected Jesus used the Nephite expression "the uttermost senine, " which was the Nephite coin of least value. (See 3 Nephi 12:25-26 and Alma 11:3-18) Note, Joseph Smith did not substitute penny for senine. The L.D.S. Bible Dictionary, page 733, states "the Hebrews appear to have been ignorant of coinage until the Persian period. Before that time gold and silver were used as a medium of exchange, but the payments were made by weight. Hence the temptation to use false weights and measures. " Remember, when translating the Book of Mormon, Joseph Smith used the Nephite word for their coin of least value, "the senine " whereas the King James scholars substituted the name of the least valuable English coin for the Hebrew or Jewish one. It is a subtle but very real difference, one which would have in all likelihood, tripped a document copyist or plagiarist.
The guinea was a gold British coin last issued in 1813. Its value was 21 shillings. There was an English sovereign, a name given to certain gold coins that were 123.274 grains troy in weight and equal in value to 20 English shillings. There once existed another sovereign valued at 22 s. 6 d. It was in use during the reigns of Henry VII through James I. Other English coins are the crown and half crown. The crown was a silver coin, generally minted with the image of a crown or a crowned head on its face. Its value was five shillings sterling, or the equivalent of $1.21 U. S. in bygone days The half crown was a common silver coin worth two shillings, six pence or approximately 61 cents. Two slang words currently used are the "bob "for a shilling and "quid" for the pound sterling or sovereign. The foregoing definitions were taken from the New Twentieth Century Dictionary Unabridged, 1941 edition.
In his November 10, 1997 letter, Bryan Skelton wrote: "With regard to the coinage of Langley's time you may wish to add the following to your mental collection. A coin that may have been included in the author's payment for the shoes would be the two shilling piece or florin (24 old pence). Another was the half crown, about the size of a silver dollar, which was worth two shillings and sixpence (30 old pence). There was also a three penny piece, often called the thre 'penny bit. There were two versions of the thre' penny bit. One was eight-sided and bronze in colour and the other silver and round. Both were in circulation at the same time, but the eight-sided version would not be in circulation until long after the shoe purchase. There was also a six penny piece. I have no knowledge where the term 'bob' and 'quid' came from, but 'quid' remains in common usage to describe a pound. " As an aside, when I originally wrote Bryan Skelton I did not know about the crown. However, Langley's use of the half crown later in his journal resulted in my re-editing of this note prior to the arrival of the Skelton letter.
In the early 1940s the value of money was sufficiently stable that a guinea's stated value was $5.11 U. S. and the sovereign $4.87. In September 1949, the pound sterling was devalued to $2.80. Now exchange rates fluctuate during the market day, and the daily closing price for gold is one statistical item reported in the business news. On 5 September 1997 the price of gold was $321.25 per ounce as compared to $384.50 for a year earlier, and on 4 September 1997 it required $1.59 U.S. to. purchase a British pound. One grain is equal to 1/24 pennyweight; 20 pennyweights are equal to one troy ounce. Langley had spent 0.62 of a pound or approximately $3.02 U.S. in 1885 prices.
Calculating on the basis of the grain weight of the gold sovereign and the September 5 closing price, Langley would have paid $51.22 for his shoes in today's dollars. The old monetary system ended when the United Kingdom adopted a decimal or metric monetary system. There are now 100 pence per pound. There are still 20 shillings in the pound, but a shilling is now valued at five pence. While the new system is easier to understand, it seems to have lost some of the original's charm. Ed]
Made a poem, "Do They Pray for me at Home?" Rec'd a letter from son, W. B. [This would have been William Bailey. Ed] Started for Whitwick. I called at Loughb[o]rough. [Loughborough is called "Town of bells, "for there are famous bell foundries in the borough. Ed] I asked a Bobby to tell me where my Uncle William lived. He asked where I was from. Told him America. He took me to the Polece [sic] station [and] there left me. After being there for more than an hour an Elder///y Polece [sic] ent/e/red. Asked who I was and what do you want. [I] told him, [and] I asked the Poleceman [sic] if he could tell me where my uncle & aunt lived. [He] went away and left me here. I told him I was born at Whitwick. And I knew a Poleceman [sic] by the name of Bale. Said I know this same man. Told me there was nothing wrong with me, to be contented and he would look after me. I heard him give some orders to this same Polece [sic] that brought me here. After a while Cousen [sic] John Morgan came. Said to me, "Are you Langley?" I said, "Are you John Morgan?" I thanked the E\der[l]y Poleceman [sic], thence with cousen [sic] Morgan to their house. [I] found Uncle and Aunt, also cousen [sic] Emma Morgan. Emma is the daughter of Wm. & Harri/e/t Bailey, my father's brother. All was [sic] pleased to see me. Sleeped [sic] good. After breakfast, had [a] walk to resivor [sic] out side of the City. Morgan son-in-law. After dinner I started for Whitwick. Cou. Morgan went several miles with me. [It is] eight miles to Whitwick. As I walked over the old road my mind went back to my childhood days when I walked that same road with my father. He showed me a pon[d] near Blackbrook where he was walking. [Father] convinced him that the gospel he taught was true. He demanded baptism. They both strip//?/ed off. Father baptized and confirmed him a member of the Church of the Latter-day Saints. I knew the place when I came to it. I jour/y7ned along over Blackbrook thro Green Close, up Sharply thence thro the Old Dents forest. I entered Lester Road. I came down the street where we used to live, then to the spring where we got our drinking water. Then I went under the bridge. Some young girls were watching me. I entered the marketplace. I came to a sign, Henry Allgood. I entered. A young lady on seeing me said, "Are you cousen [sic] Langley from America?" Said her bro. & wife had gone to Aunt Boam to tell her, [Aunt Boom was] (Uncle Wm. Allgood's widow,) that Mr. Samuel Monks had bought a Starr stating I had landed in England. I did not set down tho very tired. I went up Silver St. Met them at the parson's vickage [vicarage]. I did not know them nor them me. We knew each other by [the] way we all acted how pleased they was [sic] to see me. Henry & wife, Fred['s] wife (William Allgood/"'s] daughter).
March 22. Sleeped [sic] at Cousen [sic] Henry's. After breakfast visited Aunt Boam (Uncle Wm.'s) widow. [They] were much pleased to see me. After dinner with her, [I] met Wm. Moore. He took me to the temple on the hill. Inside saw forms of the Savior and virgin Mary.
March 23. Took a strole [sic] thro the church yard. Saw the old spring. A little further on came to
the house where I was born. I entered & found Joe Brooks and Wm. Hucknali Brooks bought the place in remembrance of father and mother, his old friends. Wm. Hucknali, at a[n] outdoor meeting, made a disturince [disturbance] while my father was preaching. I came behind him and trip//?/ed him down on his back. [It] caused a laugh. He failed to catch me on several times. Afterwards, [he] threatened to thrash me, but friends came to my rescue. After thirty years I had growed [sic] to a man. [He] was quite friendly. I then visited the house we left on leaving Whitwick for America. I was handed a spade to dig. Saw Andrew Kimball. He gave me a book of Shakespere plays. I met Samuel Monks, [an] old friend. With cousen['s] [sic] Henry & Fred went thro Carter wood, thence to monistrey [sic], entered, saw many monks. On the road saw Wm. Fluet, [an] old friend of fathers. I visited Bro. & Sis. Johnson, thence thro town to town end.
March 25. With Bro. Dumelow went to Coalville. Vised [visited] Whitwick Colreary [colliery], then the Baptis/t/ school I attended when young. Went down Church lane, then to Lester road. [I] found Elder Walch at Dunnlows. I met Sam[ue]\. Said I must baptize him. [He had] been out of church a long time. We held meeting—had spirited good time. I baptized him in Blackbrook. With a Dumelow vis/7/ted Coalville and Colerey [sic]. Went inside a school I [atjtended [when] quite young. School Master treated me kindly.
[The Bryan Skelton letter has an informative note regarding the foregoing paragraph. He wrote: "I am not familiar with the Whitwick area, but there may have been some form of factory there. Langley mentions a colliery at Whitwick, but a pithead would often be miles from anywhere with the pit families' houses nearby. A colliery site certainly would not automatically attract other industries, and it is highly unlikely that Langley would have had to travel to work each day. The factories certainly drew many people from the rural areas where wages were very poor and the living conditions could be very hard. Wages were better in the factories which were extremely labour intensive, so much so that many factory owners built rows and rows of small terraced houses and rented them at low rents to their employees. A typical terraced house would often be a row of about twenty houses all joined together, the only outside walls being the front and back. Obviously, an end terrace house was much sought after. The rows would be built on a back-to-back basis with only a narrow passageway between each row. Thousands of these houses still exist. There are some that were truly back-to-back with no passageway in between and the only door at the front. " Ed]
March 27. My birthday. Had [a] walk with cousen [sic] Edwin Allgood. Wrote Sarah Emma. At night, Uncle sang, Cousen [sic] Tom plaid [sic] on organ. March 29. Walked to Hucknali. Called on Sis. Lester. Went to meeting together.
One day as I was traveling between Ansley and Hucknali, I saw a boy about 14 years old on his way to Hucknali, his home. [H] is face was black with coal dust. I entered into a conversation with him. I asked how far did he go underground. Answer—2 miles. I spoke to him about going to church. Sometimes I spoke to him respecting baptism. Said his father had gone to heaven, he was not baptized. Said a sup of water would not keep anyone out of heaven. I quoted the scriptures to him. I told him I was a Mormon Elder [and] sometimes I preached in Hucknali. "Will you come and hear me?" This young man's name was Davis. He found out one Sunday that I was in Hucknali. He
attendfed] the meeting. Told the doorkeeper to tell me he had keept [sic] his promise. He returned home. He had attended L.D.S. [and] heard an Elder preach. Said he talked like a man of God. This boy, [his] mother [and] two sisters attended meeting. Joined the church. Came to S.L.C., married, settled down, was called on a mission to England, and labored in the same conference I did, i.e. Hucknall district in Notts.
I heard that a man named John Ball lived at Newstead. I obtained the No. [number] of house, went there, rapped [on] the door. I lady came to the door. I asked if Mr. Ball lived here. [She] said, "Yes." Is he home? Answered: yes. "Could I see him?" She bid me to follow her. As I entered another room I beheld an elderly gentleman. I said, "Is your name Ball?" Answered: yes. I told him I was staying nearby for a little while, that I had learned that he knew something about a people called Mormons. He raised to his feet and said, "You are a Mormon Elder in disguise." I asked why he thus accused me. "I felt your influence as you entered my house." As I was about to leave he said he wished to go with me a little way. He then related his story. "When my dead wife was alive we were good members of the Church, also my three sons. She died. I married again. She gave me much trouble whenever I attend/e] meeting—accused me of going with other wimen [sic]. I took to drinking. Neglected my meetings. I was cut off from the Church." He then bore a faithfull [sic] testamony [sic]. I got his three boys back in the Church. I baptized this good man before leaving for home. His wife wanted me to baptized her. I told her to repent of her sins, then come to me.
I was ordered to viset [sic] Belper, a branch of the Church. On my way I called at Cadner Park. Was told that a saint lived there, by the name of Holson. I rapped at the door. A voice said, "Come in~I saw you this morning before I got up. You are a Mormon Elder." He got me something to eat and drink, then asked where I was going. [I] told him. [He] said, "I will go a way out of town, then put you on the right road." On Sunday while preaching at the meeting, this Bro. Holson entered. I stopped speaking. Said Bro. Holson [h]os many miles to go before reaching home. [He] said, "Go on brother. I know you are a man sent of God." [The] next time I came this same way I called on him. He asked me to write a letter for him to friends in Utah, I did so, asking to be helped to gather out the means [to] come. He left for Utah before I did return. I have had people tell me they knew of my coming befor/e/1 came.
[The next journal entries are dated London, August 1, 1885. The three special experiences recorded between the last entry on March 29 and the next dated entry on August 1, may have occurred within the April to July 1885 period. It requires time and energy to write daily journal entries. Furthermore, it takes some faith, for one is never certain that others will value the effort. Ed.]
August 1, 1885. In company with Elders M. L. Pratt, James Eardley & Hwn[phries] we took cars for London. Met ¥res[iden]t D. H. Wells and C. H. Penrose. I did not travel around but little that day, Sat[itrday]. I was assigned to stay with Sis. Goodchild. Wrote [Rode] many miles on st[reet] cars before reaching her house. She made me welcome. She was a widow and poor.
August 2. Sunday morning we took two underground R.R. [Rail roads]. Wrode [Rode] under the Temms [Thames] River. Found the Go swell Hall where meetings were held. VxQs[iden]t Wells,
Penrose, Pratt [and others?] had an interesting meeting. Meeting again at 6:30 p.m. Bro. Pratt accompanied me back with Goodchild.
August 3. Next morning we took cars Sutheren at. No. 19. A meeting was held. Priesthood meeting 20 elders was [sic] present. We had a four hours [sic] meeting. I was called to speak. After meeting saw Parlement [sic] House. Also House of Lords, Westminester [sic] Bridge. [Langley 's reference to Parliament House must have meant the House of Commons. Ed] Also Westminester [sic] Abbey. Also St Paul's Catheral [Cathedral]. Went to top. Left my ansisals [initials] cut with knife in sandstone. [Such an act would now be classified as vandalism. It must have been acceptable then, something akin to an explorer carving his initials in a tree, or the pioneers engraving their names in Independence Rock, which was near the Sweetwater River along the Wyoming route of the Mormon and Oregon trails. According to the Wyoming historical marker placed there, Brigham Young stationed stonecutters at Independence Rock On-coming immigrants and travelers paid between one to Jive dollars to have their names engraved in the "Register of the Desert. " The price was negotiable, and apparently was influenced by the traveler's ability to pay. Brigham Young, envied by some for his financial genius, recognized this as another entrepreneurial opportunity. LDS stone cutters entered the tourism business along the Mormon and Oregon Trials. They sold a souvenir—your name cut in Independence Rock, so that others would know you had passed this way. There is a human hunger for recognition. People want to be remembered. Independence Rock is about ten miles northeast of Martin's Cove, a place forever etched in the memory of Langley Bailey and any student of Mormon history.
Farther northeast, at what is still called the Mormon Ferry over the North Platte (located at present-day Casper, Wyoming), Brigham organized a ferry service. In 1847, the Mormon pioneer party ferried a contingent of Oregon emigrants. The price agreed on was from $1.50 to $2.00 per wagon payable in flour, beans, soap and honey at an exchange rate of two-and-a-half cents per pound for the commodity. The ferriage bill was $78.00. The Oregon bound company settled their June 12, 1847 account with 1,295 lbs. of flour, and other commodities and two cows. "As flour was readily worth $10 per cwt. at that point, it was a good bargain" was the comment of one non-Mormon. Erastus Snow saw it as the providence of God in getting the required supplies. President Young had seen clearly a method where Mormon service could be exchanged for cash or supplies, both of which were needed to support his bold vision to colonize the Great Basin.
No less an observer than Winston Churchill recognized the economic genius of Brigham Young and his followers. In A History of the English Speaking Peoples: The Great Democracies, Churchill wrote of the founding of Salt Lake City: "Within three years a flourishing community of eleven thousand souls, combining religious fervor, philoprogenitiveness, and shrewd economic sense, had been established... The colony was established in a key position on the trail which led both to Oregon and California. The sale of food and goods to travellers and adventurers who moved in both directions along this route brought riches to the Mormon settler, and Salt Lake City, soon tainted, it is true, by the introduction of more lawless and unbelieving elements, became one of the richest cities in America. " (See ACC Journal XIII: 118; B. H Roberts, CHC 111:195-196; Winston S Churchill, A History of the English Speaking Peoples: The Great Democracies pp. 147-8.) As an
aside, Churchill, who turned eleven during the year Langley served his mission to England, would become a world figure before Langley died in 1929. Ed.]
August 4. With the above named brethren] viseted [sic] the zoological gardens. We visited Madam/e/ Tusddes [Tussaud's] wax works show-was grand.
August 5. All the Elders tickets were [brought] by London Saints to take the train to Hepping Forest. Had all kinds of sports. I did not take part. The reason (my knee became out of joint-gradually got stronger each day.) Sleeped [sic] with J. W. Paxman that night.
August 6. Took cars to Crystal Palace [with] Bros. Eardley and Humphries & Pratt. August 7. With Bro. Eardley saw Buckhing [Buckingham] P[a]lace. Saw Queen's horse soldiers. August 8. Sleeped [sic] with Albert Jones. After breakfast [I] mailed to [my] wife [a] Crystal p/o/lace bookmark. Boarded train for Notts. Staid [sic] with cousen [sic] Lewis Bailey over night.
[The first eight days of August must have been the annual mission conference. Cultural events and activities were combined with doctrinal instruction. Monthly five-hour zone conferences, which are such a vital component of missionary in-service training these days, were not logistically possible then. Ed.]
August 9. With Bro. Eardley went to Hucknall. I paid Bro. Pratt 1 s - 6 d for a group [photograph] of all the Elder/^/ in the British mission. It hangs in the house today. [This editorial note and others like it, suggest that Langley Bailey kept a fairly detailed mission journal, and then in later years incorporated it as apart of a more complete record of his life. That record has since been called the Journal of Langley Allgood Bailey. Ed] Went to Uncles at Anseleys. I related my trip to London & what I saw.
August 13.1 returned to Hucknall. Met Bro. Humphries to a to Sis. Bailey. Sleeped [sic] and
eat [ate] brakefast [sic] at Sis. Lester's. Held meeting at night. Bro. Humphries bid the saints farewell. [He has] been released to return [home]. I told the saints that Bro. H. was short of means. Quite a number gave him money. Made him feel well. [He] bought a trunk with the money.
August 14. Returned to Ansley. Uncle took [me] to Woodhouse to the church where Lord Bryan lay in the tomb. I visited John Ball at Newstead.
[Langley must mean Byron, George Gordon, 6th Lord, 1788-1824, the noted English poet. Byron came from a poor but noble Scots family. His father died when he was three. He was alternately spoiled and scolded by an erratic and moody mother. Byron's sensitivity was further increased by the fact that he had a deformed foot. Otherwise he was strikingly handsome. At the age often he inherited his granduncle 's title and a considerable fortune. At ten, he turned from poverty to riches, and from a crippled and taunted boy to a sought-after nobleman. It is said that his personal life was as flamboyant and romantic as the poems he wrote. Among the pieces he composed were English Bards and Scotch Reviewers, a devastating satire which produced a flurry of praise and protest.
His next work, "Childe Harold," put his name on everyone's lips. Of it Byron reportedly said, "I awoke one morning and found myself famous. " His good looks, amorous reputation, savage wit, proud and insolent bearing, an unhappy marriage, passionate attachments, and love of liberty added to the Byron legend.
Amid scandal he sailed away from Great Britain in 1816 vowing never to return. His best poetry was written in the 1816-1821 period including his longest and last great poem, "Don Juan. " Then from an idle, love-making, luxurious life, he suddenly plunged into fierce activity. The Greeks revolted against Turkish tyranny. Byron determined to go to Greece and devote his money, his strength, and perhaps his life to the cause of Greek independence. The rigors of war and a life of dissipation, coupled with fever and flu, resulted in his death. His body was brought back to England and buried in a vault at Hucknall Torkard Church near Newstead. His heart was interred by the Greeks at Missolonghi, where he died. Joseph Auslander wrote that Byron looms large in the succession of heroic poets, that the passion and energy of his work are stirring. He suggests that Byron had suffered much, felt quickly and keenly and because of that was better able to write of grief and love, of opposition and freedom, that few can read his poems without a sense of becoming prouder, braver and freer. Langley may have read Byron's poetry during his school days in England. This journal account indicates that Langley not only liked poetry, but composed poems as a means of expressing his own tender feelings. At the Bailey reunion one year we sang one of his poems to the tune of a hymn. I have forgotten the hymn-tune's name, but the poem opened as follows: "My tickaboo, your tickaboo, the Redman is no longer foe. " Tickaboo, a phonetic spelling, was Ute for friend. Ed. J I visited John Ball at Newstead.
August 16. I walked to Underwood. Found Bro. Eardley. Staid [sic] at Bro. and Sis. Purdys. [In the] afternoon we went to New Bennsley. Held meetings. I spoke. Felt good. I was impressed to viset [sic] Bro. Bradfords. His wife was very bitter her husband being a member of our Church. I not knowing. I felt her spirit. I taught her the gospel. She became reconciled. Bro. Bradford and I went to a meeting. Bro. B. told me as we walked that his wife said she would poisen [sic] him if he attended the meeting. He said I had cast her devil out of her. I called on her the next morning. Said she had been praying. Was willing now to join the Church. Should I not have the privilege another Elder would baptize her.
August 17. At Underwood attended Relief Society Meeting with Elder Eardley. Had a very good meeting. We administered to those that were sick. All acknowledged they felt much better. I returned to Annesley--Bro. Eardley to Hucknall.
August 18. Received a letter from Mother. Then went to Newstead at p.m. Had a talk with Mr. J. Ball on the restored gospel. Told him what to do. I felt a little cast down on account of aunt's remarks she made. She hated the name of Mormonism and Brigham Young.
August 19. Wrote letters home. After dinner went to Hucknall. Met Bro. Eardley. Went to meeting. Spoke 30 minutes. Bro. Eardley spoke 30 minutes. August 20. Went to Notts.
August 21. Bought lockets. Sent one to mother, one to S. E. [Langley apparently refers to his second wife, Sarah Emma Warner as S. E. lam uncertain as to whether mother means JaneAllgood Bailey or Sarah Andrews Bailey as his mother was still living at this time. See A ugust 29 entry. Ed] I sent sick [six ?] hand/kerchiefs, Etc. Then we walked to Arnol. Sleeped [sic] at Bro. Wrights. I had an awfull [sic] night. Could not breath [sic]. Sis. Wright placed a musterd [sic] plaster on my breast. Elder Eardley saw I had lost my breath. He opened my mouth and breathed into it. I was uncon/scz/ous the while. Morning came. I felt better. I returned to Hucknall, thence to Annesley. I had a long talk with cousen [sic] on Mormonism. I bore my testimony to him in plainness. Went to a grove of trees, a wood, a place I fixed to come and pray.
August 26. I rested very badly during the night. Uncle Allgood told me to return home before the foggy weather sent in—not later than Oct.
August 29. I read part of a letter I had wrote to my mother (his sis.). Uncle did not like some of the thing/s/1 wrote. In telling of the evels [sic] I saw in this country he told me I insulted him. I told him I had no thought of him. He got into a passion. Then said what he had done for me. I told him to say what I owed him~I would pay him. I felt bad. Took a walk. On returning [he] said my explaining was satisfactory—said he had prospered while I was with them. We took a walk in the field to gather mus/7z/rooms. He brag/g/ed about beating all my uncles in picking them up. I said to myself: "I hope he does not pick one up." He did not. I gathered quite a lot. Returned to house. Told aunt I picked them all. I made up my mind that I would quit them and travel amongst the saints. Sunday after dinner I bid them goodbye. Could not tell them when I would return. Went to Hucknall. I prayed that I might find a saint I could stay awhile with. At night breathing was bad, could travel but little. At meeting several saints wanted me to come and stay with them. My prayers was [sic] answered. I wrote many letter/^/. One to the [Millennial] Star, Profiecs [Prophecies] fulfilled.
September 2, 1885. Took train to Notts. Met FrQs[iden]t M. L. Pratt to Peto Smith. Thence to Green Wood semitary [sic]. Vised [sic] the grave of Elder Cherry who had died as a missionary.
Sept. 4.. Called on Cousen [sic] Lewis Bailey. Was very pleased to see me.
Sept.5 Took train for Sheepshed. Found Uncle James Bailey and family. He was sick in bed. I gave aunt a shilling. Uncle James' son John came with me part way to Whitwick. I taught him the eveled [revealed] gospel. Said he liked to get my ideas—by so doing he could beat his minister. I gave him a book, Orson Pratt's works.
Sept. 7. Went to Whitwick. Viseted [sic] around yesterday. Sxm[day] held meeting at Bro. Domelows. ViQs[iden]X Corbet and Joseph came over from Sheepshed.
Sept. 10. Received a letter from cousen [sic] John Bailey of Sheepshed saying his father was dead and for me to come over. I walked there that noon, 4 miles, [and] attend fed] funeral [at] 4 p.m. I walked in the pro/ce/ssion between two ladies. I was honored by all the relitives [sic]. [A note
penned in the left-hand column told that James Bailey died 5-10 Sept. 1885 and was buried on the 10th. Given the fact Langley was notified by mail, it seems likely the death was either the 7th or 8th day of September. Ed] Afterward viseted [sic] Bro. Corbet. I gave aunt James Bailey a shilling. I returned that evening. Cousen [sic] went part of the way with me. I met Elder Walsh at Whitwick.
Sept. 11. Samuel Monks came and wanted to be baptized. Elder Walsh, all three walked to Blackbrook. At 2 XA miles Bro. Monks said he could not walk so far. He tried to get a rig but failed. I promised him if he would make a start, we would help him along. I promised he would return without help. After reaching there I strip/jp/ed off. I baptized him. The water was very cold. I gathered some blackberries and eat [ate] them. On returning we could hardly keep up with Bro. Monks. He felt so good. I called on Bro. Walsh to confirm him a member of the C of J C of L. D.S. by the wayside. He was born 1812 Dec[ember] 25 at Whitwick. That afternoon walked to Coalville in com[pany] with Elder Walsh. Took the train from Coalville to Ashby. We rode for some mile/>/. Then walked to Church Greesley. We held meeting at Bro. Horkley's, then took train to Burton on Trent. Sleeped [sic] at Bro. Haslams. Saw and met Sister Sleigh, now named William/5/. She was Mas/Y/ers of Sleigh factory at Whitwick.
Sept. 12 Visted [sic] Sis. Williams. Talked over old times at Whitwick. She treated me very kindly. Said I could stay as long as I wish[ed] with them. I then viseted [sic] Bro. Haslam for Pres[iden]t M. L. Pratt was there. Bros. Walsh, Pratt and self sleeped [sic] in one bed. I did not rest very good.
Sept. 13. After breakfast walked to the Trent River. Thence to St. Paul's Church and attended services. We then held meetings out of doors on the street. In the evening we held meeting with the saints. I spoke 45 minutes. Bro. Fisher took me to Bro. Haslams to sleep.
Sept. 15. Bro. Salisbury. D[avi]d Salisbury. Bro. Took me althro Basses brewery—from the top of the building to the bottom. I was offered drink—afraid to take but little.
Sept. 16. I took the train to Derby with Elder Walsh. Staid [sic] all night. Was sick all night. Took train to Notts. Along with Bro. Walsh was a man & daughter and her daughters. I asked this man where [when?] was he going to be baptized in the L. D. S. Church. He said he wonce [sic] was a member years ago but drifted away. I then asked: "Where did you live then?" [He] then said Wattenbury. I asked" "Who used to come to preach to you?" [He] said: "John Bailey and Langley Allgood." I told him that was my name. He said: "No, Langley Allgood [was] a big man." Before we reached 49 Sabiner street, I told this man, (I do not remember his name, his daughter's name [was] Buckery) I was a Mormon Elder, and that man named John Bailey was my father, and that Langley Allgood was my uncle. I was named after him. He was surprised he had been walking with me for miles, and [it had] not decwn[ed] on him that I was an Elder, and that I was the son of the man who had taught him Mormonism many years ago. On reaching conference house found Sis. Liza Bailey and Sis. Simpson. Bro Walsh baptized his converts, the father, daughter and two girls. I confirmed one of the girls.
Sept. 17. With Bro. Eardley walked to Hucknall, vised [sic] around amongst the Saints. Then
walked to Newbinsley. I was very tired. Took tea at Bro. and Sis. Purdy/s/. We held a meeting. Bro. Eardley took up all the time. I was all in.
Sept. 18. We sleeped [sic] at Sis. Whatsons. Bro. Eardley and self called at Underwood. Saw Br. Raffert. I went to Annesley, Bro. Eardley to Hucknall. Uncle and Aunt pleased to see me. Took a walk to Newstead, viseted [sic] Bro. Ball.
Sept. 19. Rested good during the night. I had a talk with cousen [sic] Edwin night before. I told aunt I was going to pack up my clothes & was going to Hucknall. I shook [hands] with her. Uncle and I took the train. Uncle went to Notts. I shook hands with him on my leaving the car. Sister Eliza Bailey said she would wash my clothes and gave me a drawer to place my cloth/e/s in. There was a picture from wife and Mother's picture.
Sept. 20. With Bro. Eardley went to Arnold—found Bros. Pratt, Naylor, Walsh. Held an outdoor meeting. We in the evening held our meeting. Elder Waldrum spoke. I spoke for a short time. Eat [sic] supper at Bro. and Sis. Wrights. With Bro. Eardly went and sleeped [sic] at Bro. and Sis. Schofields. I had the very worst night I ever had in my life. About one o'clock I could not get my breath. All the folks was [sic] up with me. I lost my breath. Bro. Eardley opened my mouth and breathed into my mouth, it was said. I caught my breath again. I lost all knowledge of what was going on. I became easier. Sleeped [sic] some. I got up [and ate] a little breakfast.
Sept. 21.1 was told to go to bed. Sleeped [sic] some. After dinner Bro. Eardley & I took hack back to Notts. I vometed [vomited] some corrupson [corruption] up. Was eas/z/er. Bro. Eardley administered to me. This was before leaving for Notts.
Sept. 22. Presiding Elder M. L, Pratt wrote to ?rQs[iden]t Well/5/ at Liverpool telling of my condission [condition]. With Bros. Pratt and Eardley went to Pho. Mr. Smith to have my picture enlarged to take home. Bought a trunk for 10/6. [Probably 10 shillings, 6pence.] Bros. Pratt and Eardley carried it for me to 49 Sabina St.
Sept. 23. I coughed very much during the night. I wrote a letter to my wife. With Bro. Eardley started for Hucknall. Tried to get a hack, but failed. I gave out several times on the road, had to stop and try again. We met Sis. Bailey going to meeting. Bro. Eardley went with her. She soon returned and got me some gruel. Bro. Eardley returned. I told him to administer to Betsey Bailey and she would be healed, [and] so she was, instantly.
Sept. 24. I was very bad all night. Sleeped [sic] at Sis. Lesters. They placed a pullice [poultice] on my bre/aVst. Had the nose bleed. I felt some better. Eat [sic] a little dinner at Sis. Bailey's. Bro. Pratt came with a letter from ¥res[iden]t Wells. Said I could set sail for home on Sept. 26 at 2 o'clock, or wate [wait] untill [sic] Oct. 24 when a co[mpany] of Elders and Saints would set sail. I told Bro. Pratt to tell YvQs[iden]X Wells I would go with the elders. I would be booked after I paid Bro. Pratt's fair [sic] back to Notts on the train.
Sept. 25. I went to Sis. Lester's. Found quite a number of Saints there awa/V/ting my return from Sis. Bailey's. All was [sic] very much pleased to see me alive after so near a call. Bro. Eardley, when going back to bed, placed another pultice [sic] on me. Bro. Eardley was very attentive to me. Made some camelmela [chamomile or camomile] flowers tea and gave it to me.
Sept. 26. I wrote a letter for Bro. Bailey to a Mr. Wagstaffof Alma, Whys [Wisconsin ?], America. Bro. Lester gave me a bottle of glycerene [sic]. I sleeped [sic] with Bros. Pratt and Eardley that night.
Sept. 27. Rested very poorly. After breakfast Bro. Pratt left for Mansfield, and Bro. Eardley for New Brinsley. I attended meeting this being Sunday. I spoke 20 m[inutes]. Many strangers were present. I bore a strong testamony [sic] that an angel had come to the earth with the restored gospel. I felt very weak after speaking in meeting.
Sept. 29. I sleeped [sic] at Sis. Lester's. I got up in the morning resting some better. Sis. Gilbert and Sis. Sampson came to Sis. Bailey's to see me. I wrote a letter to Hutchson. Wrote a poes [poem ?]. Went to bed at Lester's. [Langley 's journal record indicates that during the days of his mission the elders were still following, in large measure, the instruction given in D&C 24:18 which reads: "And thou shalt take no purse nor scrip, neither staves, neither two coats, for the church shall give thee in the very hour what thou needest for food and for raiment, and for shoes and for money and for scrip. " See also D&C 84:76, 86. The church in this verse refers to the members, or it is the members' responsibility to support the missionaries. We do so now through dinner appointments, team-ups, referrals, transportation and contributions to the general missionary fund. That fund helps to support missionaries who come from impoverished nations, where the general membership must struggle daily to survive. Ed]
Sept. 30 Rested better. Saw Sis. Burrows. She gave me a smelling bottle to smell. It done [sic] me good. At night went to meeting. Found Bro. Eardley. He spoke. Took up all the time. I told him to. Before going I interested the saints by telling stories till quite late.
Oct. 1st. Rested very well during the night. I was asked to admi/rayster to Sister Bailey. She said she felt much better after being administered too. With Bro. Eardley saw the p/o/rade of the Salvation Armey [sci]. The army made a great showing. Painted on their carriage [was] Victory, Blood, Etc. [On page 21, over the heading of October 1, Langley has written Hucknall. Ed]
Oct. 2. I read in the Saints Starr [sic] of my releise [sic] to return home. Bro. Eardley was not feeling very well. He asked me to admi/«/]ster to him. I gave him a tablespoon full of coneceated [sic] [consecrated?] oil. He afterward left for New Brinsley.
Oct. 3. Received a letter from my wife S. E. [Sarah Emma]. Also one from Bro. Wright who had reached home to have his picture enlarged. I wrote a letter home. Also composed a poem and sent with letter. I received a letter from Liverpool in answer to inquiries respecting a number of Saints
for the price of fare to S.L.C. as they wanted to go with the Saints, Etc. It being 12 pounds 2 shillings 8 pence each.
Sun. [Oct.] 4. Attendee// meeting. I spoke 40 m. Quite a number of strangers was [sic] present. I felt well after the meeting was dismissed. I shook hands with these people. Asked them to come again. Said they was [sic] well pleased with the remarks.
Oct. 6. Received letter from. [No name was given. Ed] Also money, 4 pounds, 1 pence. Then walked to Ansley. Aunt seemed pleased to see me. I walked to Newstead. Saw Bro. John Ball. I returned back [and] found Uncle home. I gave them mother's picture, also my wife's and daughter, Sarah Ann. I told them I was going to set sail for home. Aunt said she would go with me to Baseford to purches [purchase] dress goods and curtains. I returned to Hucknall. Next day I took train to Baseford. Aunt came on the same train. I bought some nice dress goods, Etc.
Notts, Oct. 7. I started for Notts. I walked. Saw horse races on the way.
Oct. 8. I found John Ball. We went to the baths. I baptized him. Bro. M. L. Pratt confirmed him.
1 wrote a long letter to my father-in-law, Wm. Andrews.
Oct. 9. Received a long good letter from Aaron Hardy of Moroni.
Oct. 10.. My breathing was bad all night. I took dinner at Cousen [sic] Lewis Bailey/" 's]. I then bid him and wife goodbye. Took train for Haven. Then walked to Sheepshead [A new spelling. Ed] On the way my knees gave way. I was unable to walk. I held my knees in my hand. I asked the Lord to heall [sic] my knees. I took and found I could walk. I saw Aunt James Bailey. She gave me a pair of stockin/g/s to take home. I bid her goodbye. Couse [sic] John B. walked with [me] to Sharpie on the way to Whitwick. In parting I gave him a book—Orson Pratt's work. Whitwick. I found cousen [sic] Henry Allgood. Took supper. Went to bed very tired at cousen Fred's [Allgood].
Sun. Oct. 11. AttQnd[ed] meeting. Mrs. Fluet attend/ed/ too. Heard me preach the next day. She asked would any go to heaven besides the Mormons. I said if you live a good life, you will have a good heaven. She was interested.
Oct. 12. Whitwick. Fred Allgood wanted me to let him have mother's picture. Took tea at Mrs. Fluet's. She gave me tea too strong. I never sleeped [sic] a minuet [minute] all night. She said her and my mother had drank [sic] many cups of tea together. I vised [sic] Aunt Beam's, Uncle Wm. Allgood's widow. She married Mr. Boam after his death. Viseted [sic] Samuel Monk's. Gave him
2 s 6 d for a vest. Viseted [sic] an old friend, Wm. Moore. I found Elder Naylor at Bro. Dumelows. I called on Kate Summers—her name before leaving for Zion. [Langley must mean her maiden name before the Baileys sailed from England in 1856. Ed]
Oct. 13.1 walked with Elder Naylor who was on his way to Whatentury. I returned after reaching Sharpley.
Oct. 14. Went to Domelows. He held the old branch book. [By 1885 the branch record book would have been more than forty years old. Ed] I copied my baptism. Also father's, mother's, Father-in-law Andrews' and wife and others. I gave Bro. Monks 5 shillings for a vest. He was a taylor [sic]. Cousen [sic] Henry painted on canvas my name [and] address to put on my trunk. I received some presents. Mrs. Spencer gave me a book and other present to give to Cousen [sic] Wm. Moor of Coalville, Utah. At 2:30 p.m. I took the train to Loughb/b/rough. My relations was [sic] sorry to say goodbye. A Loughb/byrough cousen [sic] gave me 2 pair of socks. I bid all my relations goodbye, Uncle Wm. Morgan and aunt, cousen [sic] Emma and John Morgan. Took the train to Notts that evening. I found that my coat and vest had arrived from being dyed.
Oct. 15. Took train to Notts. I bought wife lockets and other things. I vised [sic] around some. Took train to Hucknall.
Oct. 16. I mended my pants. Viseted [sic] among the saints. Viseted [sic] Bro. and Sis. Fouls. Painted their address on trunks and boxes. They are going on the same ves/s/el with me.
Oct. 17. I walked to Ansley. Bro. Foles gave me 2 d so I could ride back in the evening.
I found uncle and aunt, cousens [sic] Ed & Tom. I gave them some pictures of my wife and folks. After tea took the train for Hucknall. I bid them goodbye. Uncle took lantern to depot. I bid him goodbye. Reached Hucknall. Sleeped [sic] at Lesters.
Oct. 18. Sunday. I attend/^d] meeting in the evening. Spoke 35 m. I rec'd many presents. Took supper at Sis. Bailey's. Sleeped [sic] at Lester's.
Oct. 19. Bros. Pratt, Eardley an/i// Bro. Wright from Arnold, many came to say goodbye. Bro. Lester gave me a bottle of glesline and a shilling & kissed me. He had [befriended me ?] during my sojourn with them.
Oct. 22. Took train to Notts. I must say that many of the saints of Hucknall came with tears to say goodbye. Notts. I went to Phote Smith's. I had my picture enlarged in oil painting. Pd. 18 shillings. I also got bro. T. Wright's picture to take home. I bought some watch ch[a]'ms to take home and other things.
Oct. 23. I had a very bad night. I [ate] but little breakfast. I bid Sis. Burrows goodbye. She keeped [sic] 49 Sabine St. Conference House--/s7?e *s] always been good to me. Bros. Pratt & Eardley accompanyed [sic] me to the station. Helped me with my trunk and velease [valise]. Elder Pratt went with to Liverpool. [Langley had begun the day in Notts. Ed] I felt sorry to part with Bro. Eardley. As we got off at the station, a stranger handed me a shilling. I was told to go to the Liverpool office for that day and night—then go on ves/s/el next day. Rec'd a note from Bro. J. W. Paxman for me to take his mother a hymn book. Rec'd letters from Sis. Bailey and Bro. and Sis. Lester at Hucknall. I wrote them back. I bought 20 pounds, 8 shillings worth of Church books. Elder Gadd took me to sleep at a very nice place. I rested and sleeped [sic] good. Sis. John Morgan had the room I was to have. She ordered a closed up cab to take me and her to vessel. The shilling
the stranger handed me pd. for my bed. I had spent nearly all my money I had. Presfidenjt A. H. Lund gave me my berth with Bro. Dent. He proved very good to me.
Oct. 24. Vessel started out at 7 p.m. Rested very good. Oct. 25. [Ate] a little breakfast. Reached Queenstown Harbor 3 p.m. Took on board the mail and more passengers, and started again. Oct. 26. Rested well during the night. [Ate] but little breakfast. Many [were] seasick. Traveled 163 miles. Oct. 27. I was seasick. Could not eat. Traveled 223 miles. October 28. Traveled 282 miles. Was sick all day. A sailor fell from about 30 feet. Broke his leg in two places. Oct. 29 Fe/7yt a little better. Traveled 280. Our captain's name [is] Douglass. We had on board 25 Elders returning. Oct. 30. Traveled 307. Oct. 31. Made 320 miles. Felt better.
Nov. 1. Traveled 287 miles. Sunday. Purser read the prayers. [The official on a passenger ship who is also responsible for the welfare and comfort of the passengers in addition to responsibilities for papers and accounts.] Doctor read a chapter from the Testament. We atten/iof/ed our prayers in our berths. I was called on to offer prayer.
Nov. 2. Made 332. We held a meeting. I [was] called to offer prayer. Nov. 3 Made 326 miles. A pilot cajtne on board [November] 4th. We saw land. I wrote to Si. Bailey of Hucknall. Landed.
Nov. 5. [They had been 10 days en route. When Langley, his parents and brothers sailed from Liverpool in 1856 they spent 35 days at sea, landing at Boston. His journal does not give the ship or port of disembarkation at this point in his record, although New York is mentioned later on. The 1997-98 Church Almanac states the Nevada sailed from Liverpool October 24 and landed in New York on November 4. Anthon H. Lund was in charge of the ship's company of 313. Anthon H. Lund was ordained an apostle, October 7, 1889. On October 17, 1901 he was sustained as second counselor in the First Presidency to President Joseph F. Smith. On April 10, 1910 he was sustained as first counselor. When President Smith died he was sustained as first counselor to President Heber J. Grant. He served in this calling until his death on March 21, 1921. Ed.] I had charge of Sis. Bailey's mother, GramMa [sic] Goddard. I got her boxes thro the custom house without charge. I was put in charge with Bro. McPherson [of] two cars of saints. [While not certain, it appears the company of English saints and returning missionaries departed New York by rail November 5. Ed] One day as I was passing thro the cars I was told by the parients [sic] of a 12-year-old girl that she acted queer. I got some four elders to come & administer to her. She at once became natural. A boy on the opp/o/site seat commence/af/ to act queer. We administ/e/red to him. He became all right. A large woman, a sister [member] started to scream and acted like a demon. The Elders held her arms. I poured the oil on her head. We administered to her. She became calm and wondered what power had taken hold of her. Satan was rebuked and cast out of the car.
I received a letter from my wife. Sis. Goddard got unto another train. She had my provisions with her. Before leaving N. Y. a man brought to me a bag of Inglish [sic] soverens [sovereigns] to me to exchange for American money. I made the exchange. When I returned he had gone and left me. At last, after a while, I found him. I said to him, "You should not have trusted a stranger with so much money." [His] reply was: "I have learned that you was [sic] that man." This man said that many
years ago that my father and Langley Allgood preached the gospel to him. Afterwards [sic] he fell away. "Now I have renewed my covenenants [covenants]." [He] said: "I know that you are an honest man." He handed me [a] half crown for my trouble. That helped me to purches [purchase] my food. It proved to be the same man that gave me the shilling at Liverpool station. That [shilling] paid for my bed. Providance [Providence] was over me sure.
On reaching Evenson [Evanston, Wyoming?] Sis. Bailey's daughter Fanney came to meet her grandmother, Sis. Goddard. She gave me 4 or 5 nice pork pies. They [were] very nice. While traveling thro the states we had good times with the saints in the cars. Saints and elders sang Zion's songs. We enjoyed ourselves very much together.
Nov. 10. When we reached Ogden, [The Evanston to Ogden route would indicate they had taken the Union Pacific route. Ed], Tom Blackburn of Brigham City came and wanted me to accompany him to Ms home. [Thomas H Blackburn was an especially close friend of the Bailey family. The obituary account of Sarah Andrews Bailey tells that she "mothered the late Bishop T H. Blackburn of Brigham City. Ed] While talking a deputy Marchall [federal marshal] entered the car. Bro. Blackburn said to me: "Drop your head down. He was after me. He did not know me. The cause [of] this [was my] release to return home on account of being sick was published in all the newspapers excepting the Deseret News. I parted with my friend, Bro. Morgan. Reached S.L.C. Nov. 10th quite late. I went to Bro. & Sis. Ordidges. [They were] pleased to see me return again. He was delighted to hear talk of old Whitwick, his and my birthplace. I viseted [sic] Deseret News Office. Thence to see Sis. Eardley whom I did not know, but she knew me by pictures sent her. I then went to Sis. Teasdales. Sleeped [sic] there. I found in the city ViQs[iden]t Lund. He fixed my ticket to return home on R. R, I, also bro. J. S. Hawkins. I talked about my mission. He told about the deputy marsals [sic] doings. I learned the whereabouts [of] Fres[iden]t Woodruff [who] was in hiding at the historians office. I gave a note to one of the men to give to Fresfidenjt Woodruff. I got to see him. [He] was much pleased to see me return, [but] sorry about my health. I viseted [sic] Geo. Allgood. Staid [sic] all night with him. [Federal officers were intently pursuing all of those men involved in the practice of plural marriage. Many men were jailed because they refused to renounce their additional families. John Taylor, the third president of the Church, was in hiding and would die in exile. Wilford Woodruff was the president of the Quorum of the Twelve. It was the darkest period in the history of the Church since the Missouri expulsion and the Nauvoo exodus. The deputy marshals were hunting Langley from the moment he returned to Utah Territory. Ed]
Friday Nov. 13, 1885. I board[ed] the train for home. I got off at Mona. [Mona is a small town seven miles north ofNephi. Ed.] [The] boys came with team [and buggy]. I got off just before reaching home. [Langley had left Nephi on February 3. He had been gone 284 days. His return trip from Liverpool had been accomplished in 19 days. In 1856 the journey from Liverpool to Salt Lake City had taken 189 days. This time he had come in comfort, for steamship and steam locomotive had replaced the canvass of the sailing ship and the sinew of human-drawn handcarts. He must have marveled at the progress in transportation. Ed] I walked in—the Deputies were on the watch for me. Reached home at 5 p.m. [It would be dusk at that time of day in November which would have aided in his cover. Ed] It was son Will who came for me. I wore a pair of specks [spectacles]
and an old hat, a comforter around my head. It was hard to tell who I was. People on hearing I had arrived came to see me. Bro. Sperry came. My daughter Kate did not know me--said I was not her pa. [Catherine "Kate " Bailey was 61/2 years when her dad returned. His disguise must have been good, for it had deceived her and the deputy marshals. Ed.] I rested good for the first time in a long time past.. My wife and folks [were] gratified to see me after my suffering. [Fourteen of the sixty plus-pages which tell of his life were devoted to his mission. It is a reflection of the importance he placed on spiritual matters. Such emphasis is in keeping with the scriptural injunction recorded in Revelation 1:19 and 3 Nephi 27:23 wherein the Lord directs us to "write the things thou hast seen— things which are and shall be hereafter, save those which are forbidden. " Ed.]
Sat. 14. I viseted [sic] Warner folks. Sarah Emma was glad to see me. Bro. Sperry invited me to come and attend prayer circle Sunday morning. [Sarah Emma may have been living with her parents. At this point in their marriage, she and Langley had no children. Eventually, she would have a total of five, and there would be a spread of 37 years between his first and last child. Sarah Andrews Bailey would have an additional child after Langley's return. Bertha Bailey was born 17 October 1886. Her mother was 41 years and 9 months when Bertha was born. Sarah gave birth to 12 children over a span of 22 years. When Sarah Emma died in 1904 leaving four children (herfirst daughter had died in infancy), Sarah Andrews mothered the second family which ranged in age from 16 to five years. While Langley was serving in England, Sarah with the help of her sons, built the home she and Langley had planned together. She mothered four-year-old Walter Seifert, a little German boy, whom Will had brought home from his mission to Germany. Will adopted Walter whose natural mother wanted him raised in America. The green English lassie, who in 1860 gathered buffalo chips in her apron for the cooking fires and had driven cattle and spare oxen as she walked the entire distance from Winter Quarters to Utah had become, without question, a most remarkable woman. Ed]
Sun. 15. Attended circle. [Prayer circles were held for years in the Utah stakes. On Sunday mornings those brethren who had been invited to participate would gather together, and somewhat after the manner of the temple would pray for those who were ill or in need. During my boyhood my father was a member of the A Ipine Stake prayer circle. The prayer circle was held at the A Ipine Stake tithing office. The practice of conducting prayer circles outside the temple was stopped some years ago. Ed] Afternoon attended meeting. Elder McPherson spoke. I was called to talk. Said but little. Went home. Did not go out at night.
Mon. Nov. 16. I viseted [sic] around amongst the people. [They were] very glad to see me. Had a long talk with Bp. Warner, S[arah] E[mma 's] father.
Nov. 17. The following people came to see me: Bro. & Sis. Sperry, Bro. & Sis. Schroder and daughter, Bp. Parkes and wife, Bro. & Sis. Warner and S, E.
Nov. 18. [With] horse and bug/g/y, [my] wife [i.e., Sarah Andrews], baby Earnest, started for Moroni. [It is 21 miles from Nephi to Moroni. The road goes east through a canyon pass of the San Pitch Mountains. The summit of the pass is 6,2 78 feet. To its north is Mt Nebo whose summit rises
to an elevation of 11,877 feet. Salt Creek Peak, elevation 9,991 feet is on the south. Clearing the canyon, one turns southeast toward Moroni. Even if they were carrying heated bricks, the method used to warm the passengers in those days, it would have been a cold ride in late November. Today's highway follows the road which is shown on the 1866 Department of Interior map for Utah Territory. Ed.] [We ate] dinner at Sis. Carted. Reach Moroni [at] 5 p.m. Father and Mother [were] very pleased to see me. Bro. John and others came to see me. Went to bed tired.
Nov. 19. After breakfast viseted [sic] aunty Warner, Bro David's. Then to Anderson to have him clean W. B. & Langley's and Tom's watches to be cleaned and repair [ed]. I vised [sic] around amongst my many friends.
Nov. 21. [No entry was made for November 20. Ed] After breakfast [we] started for home. Mother was much inter [estjed to hear me tell of her relation [relatives] in Whitwick. So also was father pleased to hear of his relations at Sheepshead.
22 Sun., Attended] prayer circle—then to S. S. [Sunday School]. [At the] afternoon meeting. The Prophet Joseph's son, Joseph, was in attendance. Elder J. D. Chase spoke on the Prophet's life—how he had more wives that [than?] his wife Emma, and knew he, the Prophet, sealed wives to others. [All of Emma Smith's surviving sons came, at one time or another, to do missionary work among the Utah Mormons. By 1885, there was a crusade against the people of Utah, ostensibly because of the practice of plural marriage. That Joseph Smith III should come to a small community like Nephi is intriguing. It may have been that he was attracted to this place as a result of a shrill diatribe against the federal government purportedly given by a Bishop West of Juab Ward. In their 16 March 1885 edition, The Salt Lake Tribune treated West's purported sermon as if it were a completely factual report. Two days later the hoax was exposed. Elder George Teasdale of Nephi read the address in the Tribune, whereupon he wrote the Deseret News and declared there was no Bishop West, that only a branch existed at Juab and it was led by Elder James Wilson. Teasdale also said there had been no services on March 9, the day the alleged sermon was given, in consequence of a washout of the railroad. Furthermore, who Tobias Tobey was, nobody knew, and the 'address' was a base fabrication. On March 20 the Tribune reported as a consequence of their investigation they had ascertained the reported sermon was a forgery. The Tribune report claimed the sermon was their correspondent's collection of what he had heard at different times and places in various Mormon meetings. Their response was inadequate. It had been a definite case of the Tribune's reporter making the news. Unfortunately, the forgery made its way to Lewis County, Tennessee. A potent factor, it sparked mob violence which resulted in the murder of two Mormon missionaries. By 1885, those men who practiced plural marriage out of a deep sense of religious obligation were constantly hounded by the deputy marshals. It was an especially difficult time. (See B. H. Roberts, CHC VI: 86-89.)
It may have been that Joseph III thought Nephi, Juab County, Utah was a fertile place for the message of the *Reorganization. " Joseph Ill'syounger brothers, Alexander Hale andDavidHyrum who was born five months after the tragedy at Carthage, had come to Utah as missionaries in 1869. Dr. Paul Edwards, an RLDS historian who is a direct descendant of Joseph Smith, Jr. wrote: "The
(Utah) experience was most difficult for David; he was sensitive, insightful, and deeply hurt by the charges raised there. Despite the unpleasantness, he made a second missionary trip to Utah. Shortly after his return, on March 3, 1873, he was set apart as a member of the (RLDS) First Presidency. " (See Paul M. Edwards, 1991. Our Legacy of Faith: A Brief History of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, pp. 181-2.) It is my understanding that David Hyrum Smith was sufficiently stung by what he had learned that he confronted his mother upon his return, and asked why he had not been told the truth about those women who had, indeed, been married to his father. (I first heard the foregoing report from Raymond Thomas Bailey. Ray Bailey was my mother's first cousin and my seminary teacher. He was working on an M.S. degree at the time. His thesis topic was Emma Hale Smith.) David's melancholia deepened. He spent time in Nauvoo away from the activities of the RLDS Church. On 10 January 1877 he was committed to the Illinois Hospital for the Insane. In 1885, David Hyrum Smith was released from the RLDS First Presidency. One can only wonder why Joseph Smith III was in Nephi, November 22, 1885. This is another of those surprises in life where one wishes Langley would have told more, a good deal more. For example, what did Joseph III have to say? Was he even given a chance to speak? Was he attempting to better understand David Hyrum and his illness? What seems abundantly clear is this fact—unwritten insights are taken to the grave. Ed.]
Nov. 30. Wrote to Elder James Eardly, 49 Sabine St. Notts.
Dec. 2, 1885 Made collections for the D. N. [Deseret News] and Junvenile Instructor. Went to S. S. Teachers meeting, but few came.
Dec. 3. At night attended Elders quorum meeting. I spoke a short time.
Dec. 5. Bought Langley and Tom a suite [sic] of cloth/e/s each. W. B. [William Bailey] had got married. [He] needed some furniture. [On 22 October 1885 Will had married Clomenia Pratt Low, a daughter of Orson Pratt. Langley was impressed with Orson Pratt—his journal gives indication of that fact. However, neither he nor Sarah were in favor of the marriage. Clomenia was a beautiful actress who had been previously married. They had a daughter, Hazel, who died at 30 months of age. Will traveled as a farm machinery salesman. Returning from a sales trip in which bandits had robbed him of most his of earnings, he found his home deserted. Clomenia had abandoned him for a stage career. In April 1898, William was called on a mission to Germany. (See Grace Evelyn Bailey Hull, Bailey, Allgood and Associated Families, p. 8) Ed]
Dec. 6. In co[mpany] with Bro. Sperry [went] to Juab W[ar]d. Attended meeting and read a letter from VtQs[iden]X Wm. Paxman. After meeting drove to Levan. Held meeting. I spoke 40 m. Met Bro. G. G. Bigler & S. Pitchforth at meeting.
Dec. 7. Returned home from meeting at Levan. [Levan is 10 miles south of Nephi. The ridge between the two towns has long been noted as an excellent area to produce dryland winter wheat. Ed] In the morning Bro. Joel Grover asked me to help him [in] settling tithing at Levan and other places. Gone several days. The preveous [sic] year I went around with Pres[iden]t Teasdale helping
the ward bishops on their tithing [settlement responsibilities.] [George Teasdale andHeberJ. Grant were ordained 16 October 1882 to fill the vacancies in the Quorum of the Twelve occasioned by the reorganization of the First Presidency and the death of Orson Pratt. Elder Teasdale continued to be actively involved in the direction of local affairs of the Church at Nephi. It was he who had encouraged Langley to enter plural marriage. HeberJ. Grant was only 25 when called. According to his grandson, Clifford Earle "Kip" Young, Jr., the call troubled his grandfather. A voice seemed to whisper, your are not worthy to be an apostle, you do not know that Joseph Smith was a prophet. Sharing his testimony left him with doubt. Could he really bear witness with certainty? On one occasion he was with Lot Smith and others in Arizona Territory. They were on the Navajo Reservation near Canyon Diablo. In the rough canyon country, they came to a place where the road forked. Elder Grant inquired of Smith as to the direction of the two, one of which led down into the canyon. Lot Smith reported they both joined together, but the lower road was too rough for their wagons and pack horses. Elder Grant said he wanted to be alone for a while. He rode his mule down into the canyon and in a secluded place, knelt to pray. He was given a vision of a council meeting which had been conducted in the Spirit World. The Savior was present. The meeting was being conducted by the Prophet Joseph Smith. Concern was expressed that October General Conference had come and gone and the vacancies in the Twelve had not been filled. It was determined the mortal brethren needed a direct revelation. The discussion turned to who should be called. Jedediah Morgan Grant arose. He proposed that his son, Heber, who was sealed to the Prophet Joseph, be called. Never again after that experience on the Navajo Reservation did the new Apostle doubt the Divine source of his call.
Kip explained that Rachel Ivins was sealed to Joseph Smith with Jedediah M. Grant acting as proxy. Then she married Jedediah M. Grant for time. It had been Jedediah Grant who had explained to Rachel that Joseph had received a revelation that she was to be sealed to him. Prior to his death at Carthage, Joseph had made an appointment to speak with Rachel, but she, sensing what it was about, had not kept the appointment. Jedediah M. Grant's actions in this marriage arrangement speak eloquently of his faith in the restored gospel and his loyalty to Joseph Smith. Previously to this revelatory experience in Arizona, Heber J. Grant had been troubled by the fact he was not sealed to his biological father. Now peace of mind and trust in the Lord's wisdom replaced that concern. For the remainder of his life President Grant reassuringly counseled others with similar misgivings.
Kip said he and his father were told this by his grandfather during Kip's early college years. President Grant had gone to American Fork to recuperate from surgery which had been performed in Chicago. Upon his return to his Church office, there were so many who came by to wish him well that it became very wearying. To get the rest required for a complete recovery he secretly spent a week at the home of his daughter, Edith Young. Only his counselor knew his whereabouts. Kip said, "I suppose Grandfather wanted me to hear this sacred account first-hand. " Within the intimacy of the family circle, President Grant shared some sacred details which others have not been given. Kip's cousin, the noted author and lecturer Dr. Truman G. Madsen, has asked that Kip write it, for it contains an element which is not apart of current Church literature. Kip told me these things in a lengthy telephone conversation on the afternoon of 8 January 1998. (See ACC JournalXX: 68-
70.) Langley Bailey knew both of the new apostles, but had been most closely associated with Elder Teasdale. Elder Teasdale, like Langley, was a native of England.
B. H Roberts confirms Elders Teasdale and Grant "were chosen by direct, formal revelation. " He wrote: "The revelation complete was published, and will be found in L. D. S. Pamphlets, volume LXV, collection in the Historians office. See also the letter of President John Taylor to Albert Carrington, Millennial Star, volume XLIV, pp. 732-3. " (CHC Vol. 6:105 including footnote 7.) Ed]
Jan. 11,1886. VrQs[iden]X Wm. Paxman called me [to be] supt. of Nephi S. S. Soon after this date The Deseret News asked me to travel for them in the int/e/rest of the D. N. I asked Bro. W. H. Warner who had just been released to look after the school untill [sic] I returned. He took it very hard to be released. I trav/e/led thro Sanpete Co.—Fountain Green, Moroni, Fairview, Mt. Pleasant, Spring City, Ephream [sic], Manti, Sterling. I returned home. I found on reaching home letters from D. N. to go thro Sevier Co. [This was a providential opportunity for Langley. It enabled him to earn money while simultaneously lowering the likelihood of capture and arrest for cohabitation. Men on the move made the task more difficult for the marshals. They did not personally know the men they sought. Photographs were not so plentiful in those days. Furthermore, faithful saints probably removed any wanted posters as soon as the deputies left town. Local folk did not subscribe to the government's contention that their leading brethren were villains.
For example, near the south edge of American Fork my great grandfather, Niels Christensen, kept the watch for his brother-in-law, Washburn Chipman. At train time Niels secluded himself in a large stand of cottonwood trees on Washburn's property. From there he could see if deputies got off the Denver and Rio Grande train. When they did, Niels would run and warn Washburn, who would then mount a good horse and leave town. Washburn was one of many who did not stay home much during those years of intense persecution. He and others were out in Uintah country with their flocks, herds, saddle rifles and six-guns. On occasion men would come seeking to know the whereabouts ofthepolygamists. The Utes, who knew those hideouts, had a password-type question. To those making inquiry, the Utes would say: "Show me your Mormon shirt. " When there was no "Mormon shirt, " or temple garment, that individual did not get to see the polygamists. George A. Allen, Langley's son-in-law to be, recalled this clever tactic from his cowboy days of the 1885-89 period when he lived among the Utes and learned their language. George knew the Utes as an intelligent and loyal people. The Indians identified with the Mormons, rather than the deputies. Brigham Young's progressive and enlightened policy toward Native Americans was still bearing fruit. They trusted President Young and many of the Utes considered themselves to be Mormon. In fact, inthe summer of 1887, it was a Ute woman who told George and his friends: "Mormon chief dead. " It was their first news of the death of President John Taylor. (See the Biography of George Albert Allen, byClareB. andReliaA. Christensen, pp. 11-13.) As a boy I used to play in that stand of cottonwood trees. We called it "the timbers. " Today, Interstate 15 covers the land on which those trees grew. The Roberts' Furniture Shop occupies the place where the old station stood. Only Uncle Washburn's home remains. Ed]
Feb. 5. I left home again for the D. N. Co. Got as far as Levan. Staid [sic] over night at Bp. A. Agaard.
Feb. 6. Started for Fayette. Staid [sic] with Bp. Bartholowers. Visted [sic] Bro. L. Swane who once lived in Nephi. 7 Feb. Started for Gunnison. Found agent Liediorgison. I put horse up with him. Went to meeting after dinner.
Gunnison. Feb. 7 Sun. Went to meeting. Bp. Madsen called me to the stand to speake [sic]. Spoke 40 m. Visted [sic] Bp. Madsen with Steve Ostler and Metcalf. Had a very pleasant time. Back to Lunvegsens, then to bed.
Feb. 8. Went to the store. Wrote home. I got 5 new subscribers for the News. Wrote to agent Johnson at Redmon/i//. I paid Steve Ostler 10 cts [for] fixing bridle.
Feb. 9. I then went on to Salina. Found agent McFadgen. After dinner went to Redmon/ie/). Got several subscribers. I wrote a long letter to Pres[iden]t Teasdale. I returned to Salina. I was told of a nearer road to return to Salina. I got to the Sevier revier [sic]. The bridge was very shakey. My horse back[ed] out. I coaxed him. It was of no use. When he placed his feet on the bridge he backed out again. I walked over the bridge. Then he followed me. [It] was getting dark. Unless he went over I was lost, or [would need to] return to Redmon/^/. I returned to Salina. Sleeped [sic] at agent McFadyn.
Salina [Feb.] 10. I put my horse up at Bp. Jensen/" 'sj. I a£tend[ed] the Elders and Priest meeting. I spoke 30 m. Felt well. I got quite a number of new subscriptions]. Made collections. At 11 a.m. Auro/r/a, I found agent Vonluvens. [He?] was teaching School. Got a number of subscriptions] and collected money.
Richfield [Feb.] 13. On my way to Richfield I called on Bro. & Sis. Baxter, old neighbors. I put up with Wm. Bakers.
Sun. [Feb.] 14. Attend[ed] S. S. Called to speak. Atteodfed] meeting [at] 2 p.m. Spoke 3/4 of an hour. Got 10 new subscriptions]. That night I sleeped [sic] good. On leaving Bro. Baker said no charge to an old friend.
Elsinore [Feb.] 15. I started. Reached Elsinore. Found agent Bell. Went with me to obtain subs. I viseted [sic] Y. M. I. A. Meeting. Heard of Bro. Geo. Q. Cannon's arrest on my way from meeting. A voice told me Bro. Cannon was all right, not [to?] trouble. Went to bed at 10. At 3 in the morning I felt some shocks of Earthquake. I viseted [sic] Kingston [now in Piute county. Ed] Thence to Monroe. I attend/eof/ Priesthood meeting. Spoke. Felt well. I was thinking of returning home, but rec'd a letter from the D. N. Co. To go to Panwich. [Panguitch is in Garfield County. Ed.] I staid [sic] all night at Junction. Attended meetings and spoke. I got quite a number of subs. I viseted [sic] St. Joseph.
Panwich [Feb.] 24. On reaching Panguish [sic] people mistook [me] for [a] deputy Marshal. No one would tell me where Prcsfidenjt Crosby lived untill [sic] I found some sisters. I found that Presfidenjt [had] been warned that a dept. Man was after him. He knew me. Had a man take care of my horse. I staid [sic] with him for several days. I doubled his subs. I received a letter from D. N. Co. to return to Sanpete saying the two cans of flour had not been shipped. I arrived at Mary/s/vale. My horse became very sick. I staid [sic] with Tom Calaway. He docked my horse. I got up in the night. Found him stretched out. Thot he was dead sure. I spoke to him. He got up. I left next morning. I made my way to Mount Pleasant. Found the flour was ship/jp/ed. Staid [sic] overnight at Moroni. Viseted [sic] father and Mother. Next day returned home. I took the train to S.L.C. The News was pleased with my work. [They] wanted me to continue and travel north as far as Idaho.
[Ultimately the federal marshals did apprehend Langley Bailey. At that point he was the Juab Stake tithing clerk. He reported the incident on p. 35 of his hand-written journal. It reads:] "My Arrest." June 5th, 1888. I was arrested by Deputy McCllain [(there is apparently a missing vowel) at] 12 noon. I ap/jp/eared before commissioner John Moorehouse. $500 bonds. W. H. Warner and L. I. Ball was [sic] my bondsmen. On the following day I was to plead before U. S. Commissioner Moorehouse. Deputies failed to appear. It was put off untill [sic] July 2nd, [and when] no one appeared against me, it was put off untill [sic] July 23rd, 1888. Deputy came in the Tithing office-said we will have your case come of today. I left several gold pieces on the Table. I went to another part of the room. On returning I found them gone. (VrQs[iden]t George Q. Cannon sent word while in prison to keep my name out of the grand jury room and smooth my path. I knew what he hinted at.) I appeared before the commissioner on July 23rd, 1888. Deputy said he wished to withdraw the complaint against me. I was discharged. [In certain situations, where the law is administered by corrupt officials, there really is no justice or due process. In J 996, while presiding over the Philippines San Fernando Mission, my two assistants were stopped by Manila traffic enforcers for an alleged traffic violation, i. e., an improper lane change. One official declared the fine was 750 pesos plus two days in traffic school. The senior assistant, a highly capable Filipino elder, immediately began to negotiate. After an extended period of bargaining, the matter was settled then and therefor 200 pesos (approximately $8.00 U. S.), and they were released. It became an on-the-spot salary adjustment for the arresting officers. The public treasury rarely benefits from such a fine. In some countries of the Middle East, baksheesh—Arabic for bribe or an under-the-table payoff, is a fact of life. In this case the money was on the table. Langley called the process "smoothing the path, " and so it was. Ed]
Nephi. March. After reaching home I called a S. S. School Teachers' meeting. I found that some ill feeling was amongst the teachers. Ex. S. S. Supt. Warner had not done much toward helping to keep down friction. In attending school on Sunday I found the same spirit of disatfaction [dissatisfaction or possibly disaffection. Ed] . I was viseted [sic] by George Kendall and Charles Sperry. [They] said some of the teachers wanted me to resign. I said I am quite willing. I told these brethren that I could not help it in selecting me as [superintendent] if they had made a mistake, it was not my fault. I hope you choose the right man. I felt very bad. I sought the Lord in prayer. I dreamed these two men returned and reinstated me in the School. Sure [enough], in the morning
these same men came to see me. I'd forgot the dream. [They] told me a mistake had been made in dismissing me, for me to continue. I told them no. I had done. I would have no more to do with the school. They said to me: "Dare you rebel against the Priesthood?" I replied that 4ty°u dismissed me once, when was [sic] you right?" I told them I would think it over. Then I thot of my dream and the prayer I offered. Some of the teachers came and told me I was the right one for the supt. I learned who was the complainest [complainant]. They wanted the possession [position].
June. PiQs[iden]t Joel Grover who acted [was acting as?] Stake J?tQs[iden]t came to see me. [Page 52 ofLangley 's journal lists the names and dates of some Nephi Church leaders. One was George Teasdale who served as Juab Stake president from 1877 -82. William Paxman was called to succeed him, probably shortly after Elder Teasdale was called as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. President Paxman served until 1897. However, from about May 1886 to April 1889 William Paxman was the mission president in New Zealand. Joel Grover who had been a bishop and president in the 1870-1877 period apparently was serving in an acting capacity as stake president. Ed. ] Said he had been appointed Bp. 's Agent of Tithing. Wanted me to be his assistant. I met him one day coming out of the bank. Said he had endorsed H. K. not/e/ and had to pay it~ $200. Also told me he was not feeling well. Had not eat[en] that day a thing. He drove around with his wife to the semitary [sic]. That night he took with sevier [severe] pain. Two doctors [were] called in. Beg/g/ed them to give him morfine [morphine]. They gave him some. His suffering was sevier [sic]. He called for more. He died from the cause. I sent a telegram to the [Deseret] News. I had a volt [vault] made at the semitary [sic]. Masons and tenders worked all night to have it finished by Sun. Apostle H. J. Grant came [and] took charge of the funeral. Sis. Grover sent for me. Said she was well pleased in the interest I had taken in their behalf. I told her I had all the men's time and the amount due. She was slow of paying. I told her if she did not settle the bills I must. She asked if she would have to pay those who attended the funeral. I made no answer. Next day she sent for me feeling very bad on what they told her what she said. I told her about the two hundred dollars Bro. Grover had to pay for H. K. note. She thot I was her friend. I was promised by her attorney in settling up the estate that I should have $50. All that Sis. Grover allowed me was 4 the cheese. I made a trip to S.L.C. /a/bout an Iron door for the volt [vault]. Semented [cemented] all over the top of the tomb. She gave me the key to take care of the place. Sis. Grover bought a Matalic [metallic] casket. Bro. Grover's Bros, and I exchan/g/ed him one to the other. It was not a nice job. One day she sent for me to take her to the volt [sic]. She went in. I left her there. Re'c a letter from Apostle J. F. Smith. Staid [sic] too long. [The previous two sentences were at the bottom of p. 27 in Langley's account. The photocopy was not clear and there exists the possibility of misinterpretation. Ed.] Preveous [sic] to Bro. Grover's death the presiding Bps. engaged him, Bro. Grover, to take charge of the tithing of Nephi W[ar]ds and stake.He asked me to go in with him. I promised I would. After Grover's death they wrote to the High Counsel [should be Council] for them to suggest a man for the place. My name was sent in unkown to me. I received a telegram to meet Bp. J. Q. Cannon and head secretary Isaac Brockbank, to meet them at the station. I did not know then these men. I met them. They asked my name. They interduced [sic] themselves to me. We walked to the Tithing office. I interduced them to Bro. Chapman, Pres/w/ew/t Wm. Paxman/"'s] clerk. Biro. Paxman had charge of the T. O. before leaving for New Zealand.
[In May 1886 William Paxman succeeded William T Stewart as president of the New Zealand Mission. Stewart and his missionaries had made an attempt to translate the Book of Mormon into Maori. That effort was discontinued due to a lack of language proficiency. During Paxman's first year in New Zealand the Maoris continued to come into the Church in large numbers. During the March 1887 all-mission conference, the Paxman's 10-year-old daughter, Sarah died. She was the first LDS missionary's child to die in New Zealand. Two days later President Paxman asked the Maori priesthood holders whether they would support spiritually and financially another attempt to translate the Book of Mormon into Maori. There was an overwhelmingly positive response. Between April 26, 1887 and March 24, 1888 the translation was made and revised. The translated manuscript was displayed at the April 1888 mission conference. To print and bind 2,000 copies of the Maori translation required 371 pounds. That cost was borne entirely by Church members in New Zealand. In September 1888, the manuscript was delivered to Star Publishing Company of Auckland. The finished volumes were available for distribution at the April 1889 conference. At that point the Paxmans were released and returned home. (See R. Lanier Britsch, Unto The Islands Of The Sea: A History of the Latter-day Saints in the Pacific. Deseret Book, Salt Lake City, Utah. 1986. pp. 278-280) Ed]
They [Cannon and Brockbank] told Bro. C. I was appointed to take charge of the Tithing. This was news to me. They came with me and took their dinner; then returned on the p.m. train. When Sis. Wm. Paxman learned what was done, she persuaded pres[iden]t C. Sperry to send in her son's name, James. W. The Two Brethren orde[re]d me by telegram to meet them. I did. They told me what the Paxman folks wanted. After eating dinner and [such they] asked questions about J. W. P. Was he married? I said no. We want you to take hold. Said if you can use young Paxman to do so. I spoke to James W. about helping. He replied by saying that he would rather beg his bread from door to door than to help me. On [the] returning [home] of pres[iden]t Paxman, him [sic] and son was [sic] my enemy. Two of the H[igh] C[ouncil were] sent to see the presiding Bps. to have me disposed [deposed] of. The Bps. turned them down. Pres[iden]t Woodruff sent for me. I called on him. Said complaints had come from Nephi against me. Said he found on enquiry [sic] they were false. Told me to return and continue in the office. Pres/iYfew/t Paxman and two of the H. C. brethren ordered me to vacate. [One should remember that President Paxman resumed the calling of stake president upon his return from New Zealand to Nephi, according the dates of service given on p. 52 of Langley's journal When he was released in 1897 his son, James William Paxman, succeeded him as stake president. Ed] Presiding] Bps. told me to continue. Another time Pres[iden]t P. called his two counselors and Bps. and me to attend the meeting. It was told by J. W. P. that I robs [sic] the office. I [was] asked what I had done with the mean/s or money]. Answer: "I put [it] in the bank." I [was] asked for the proof. I went and had a talk with Apostle Jos. F. Smith. Soon afterwards Apostle Teasdale was sent By Pres[iden]t Woodruff and ?res[iden]ts G. Q. Cannon & Presfidenjt J. F. Smith to VtQs[iden]X P. to let me alone for neither he nor his son, J. W. could [have] my job. Told Bro. Teasdale to [tell] me to keep right along as tho nothing had happened. After this presfident] P. treated me with greater respect and kindness. About six months afterwards he fell at his house at American Fork. It caused his death. I viseted [sic] him before he died. Said I was indeed his friend. Asked me to admi/wyster to him.
[These were difficult days. Langley had known much of service and sacrifice. Yet, the Lord never seems to be in our debt. At the Manti Temple on 29 November 1888 special blessings were given. On p. 32 of his hand-written account is recorded the following:] "2nd Anointing, Langley Allgood Bailey and Sarah Andrews Bailey; ?res[iden]t D. H. Wells anointed, M. F. Farnsworth, recorder. Manti Temple 26 June 1891, 2nd Anointings, Langley Allgood Bailey [and] Sarah Emma Warner Bailey, ?rcs[iden]X Anthon H. Lund anointed, Lewis Anderson, Recorder. [The temple information was entered in Langley's journal by Lewis Anderson and witnessed by Claus Harps and Peter Gottfordsen. Then Langley writes a reflection of that November day in the Manti Temple:] Nov. 29, 1888. I will here relate what I saw—an Angel in the Manti Temple. VrQs[iden]t D. H. Wells while officiating remarked that I crossed the sea to and fro to England with his (wife?), and that his dear wife spoke of the highest praise of bro. L. A. Bailey. Since then his wife had passed away. Just as he finished talking, I saw his Angel wife come thro the door from the sealing room dressed in her Temple cloth/e/s. She came around to where I was sitting. She seemed to envelop me all over me. I never felt such a feeling of joy before in all my life. [He also notes on p. 32 that on 11 October 1905 in the Salt Lake Temple his and Sarah's son, William, was sealed to them. On p. 33 he wrote their first born son, John Wright Andrews Bailey, who had died was also sealed to them on this same date. Then he wrote:] I saw an angel's face in the celestial room at third window. I thot he looked like the Prophet Joseph Smith's face. Had a ruddy, smiling face. I cannot forget the heavenly look of that face.
[While Langley does not note it in his journal, two of his sons went on missions during this period. On April 26, 1890 Elders Langley Allgood Bailey, Jr., George McCune and George Abel arrived in Upolu, Samoa. Elder McCune was also from Nephi. It was hard for Langley, Jr. to learn the language. Fascinatingly, the ability to speak Samoan remained with him throughout his life. (See Britsch, op. cit. pp. 365-6 and Evelyn Bailey Hull, op. cit. p. 72.) It was a missionary pioneering effort. Now native Samoan missionaries are serving effectively in many different countries. We had one sister and four elders from Samoa who served with us. Sister Aseteria Savea was a notable success in Olongapo and Masinloc, Zambales. The Filipinos loved her for her faith and devotion as she lovingly and boldly shared the gospel. Elder Johnny Ainuu 's father was a Samoan chief, a convert to the Church who was serving as ward bishop. Powerfully built, Elder Ainuu'sphysique and smile carried attention everywhere he served. He wept, we wept, when he spoke of the conversion of his father. Elder Asaua Sagote, a cousin of Sis. Savea, brought love and piano talents to the branches in which he served. Elder Mason Le Pou of New Zealand was a son and grandson of Samoan chiefs. He appeared to be a young man of considerable promise. However, we did not get to know him for long as he arrived on Luzon seven weeks before we left for home. Elder Leyagaga Fue, who had to struggle to learn English so that he could then learn Tagalog, had a sweet spirit, courage and faith so deep that it melted us. On 11 January 1896, Langley's third son, Thomas, was called to serve in England. He labored in the very areas where his father had served just over a decade earlier. Ed]
J. W. Paxman ordained VrQ$[iden]\. I told Bro. Sperry I thot the saints would erect a monument if they [were] approached. They called the H. C. meeting. At the meeting it was voted to have a
monument, for me to have charge of its erriction [erection]. I went forth and collected means of saints throut [throughout the] stake. I met with success. I then [went] to S.L.C. [and] selected a monument like the one I wanted. Nephi L. Morris took me thro the two semiteres [cemeteries]. I returned home and reported. The H, C. meeting was called. I asked Bro. Norris to be in attendance. He came down from S.L.C. and attended the meeting. A contract was made and I was called on to sign it. We got a thousand dollar monument for a little over $650.00. We erricted [sic] it. The H. C. gave me much cr for my serveses [services] in building and collecting it, the means. Fres[iden]t J. H. Grace said there was not another man in Juab Stake that could have accomplished what I had done. Soon after this ?TQs[iden]t J. W. P. orde[re]d the Bps. to discharge me this year 1900. He orde[re]d the two [Nephi?] Bps. to take charge. They keept [sic] me in as stake clerk. I had charge of all Juab Stake: Nephi two Wards, Levan, Juab, Mona, Eureka, Mammoth, Silver and Diamond for 14 years. For the Stake 7 years. J. W. P. took this from me and gave it to his bro.
I will relate an account [of] what happ/e/ned. I received a letter from Bp. Preston. [Wm. B. Preston was the Presiding Bishop of the Church. Ed.] [He] stated that I was held responable [responsible] as Tithing Agent for the management of the Tithing of the Juab Stake of Zion and for me to take hold at once. I showed this letter to several brethren of the H. C, also to the clerk then in office. I then at once took hold. I looked thro the books. Saw a copy of the balance account, also account current eventory [inventory] and other accounts. I then began to realize what was before me. I felt bad. I didn't understand the making up of the report of the tithing. I got some writing paper and envelop to tell the presiding Bps. that it was not posserble [sic[ to make out the reports. Something w/7*/ispered to me "go and call on the Lord in prayer." I did as commanded. A voice spoke to me and said: "Make a beginning. You will be showed what next to do." I got ofifmy knees realizing that the God of Israel was with me and I had been called to this possession [position] by Him.
While I am on this subject I will retale [retell] another answer to prayer. Nephi had 14 people working on the St. George Temple. The people had been assQ[sse]d according to the assessment roll. I was called on to collect 100 bushels of wheat to be made into flour and three teams to not leave later than three days. I took my sacks. Went to a threshing machine. [Threshing was done with a number of farmers and their families working together as a crew. The big stationary machine would have been powered by a steam engine in those days. The individual bundles or sheaths of grain were hauled to the threshing machine by men using forks, and horse drawn wagons. This is the way it was when I was a boy. The combination harvester is really post World War II technology. Ed. ] Not a bus[hel] could I get from anyone. I returned to my granery, shut the door. I kneeled down and told the Lord my trouble. A voice spoke and said: "Return to where you [have] come from." I said no three times. I was orde/>e/d to return. I returned [and] had no trouble to get the 100 bushels of wheat that day.
[In this period, tithing was contributed both in kind and cash. People gave a tenth of their increase or profit as hay, wheat, lambs, wool, cattle, eggs, fruit and vegetables and cash. The tithing clerk was responsible for accepting and handling the commodities and cash. Receipts were issued to donors and reports were made to the Presiding Bishopric, then as now. There was an important administrative difference. Inasmuch as it was a full-time job, it was a paid rather than a Church-
service position. Even so, it was considered a calling, hence the necessity of the high council's recommendation. I suppose as positions went in those days, it would have been one of the better paying posts in a small town. While Langley's had not sought the assignment, his journal details the considerable competition for it. The counselors in the First Presidency and the President of the Twelve were called on to help settle this quarrel. Today, if such a problem arose, it would be handled at a level probably no higher than the area presidency. The major financial test of local leadership integrity in new areas of the Church today, is the administration of fast offering assistance. It is a difficult test, especially when people are very poor. Ed]
After taking hold of the tithing matters, I pulled down the old Tithing Office and granery [sic]. It was built of adobe. I got permission to build a lumber granery [sic]. Also to build a porch to the brick office. On quitting the office, Bp. W. B. Preston blessed me. Said that my accounts had always been correct, and the expenses the least of any of the stakes of Zion. [This apparently occurred in June 1900. Ed.J I am pleased to say that all the Wd. Bps. [were] sorry to part with me. Elder Karl G. Maiser promised me [the] Lord would bless and prosper me.
1914 June. I wrote out my resignation as stake Supt. of S. Schools. Bro. Summerhays and the other brethren came down from S.L.C. and release me. J*res[iden]t Jos. F. Smith sent me a hand painting of the Hill Cumom[h]. "Presented to Supt. Langley A. Bailey by the Sunday School Board of the Hill Cumorah, June 9, 1914." I prise [sic] the picture very much. One reason for quitting was my first assistent [sic] H. F. McCune left Nephi. I. Bails, my 2nd assistent [sic] was sick and getting old. VxQs[iden]t J. W. P. did not sustain.
I saw the time when J. W. Paxman was drop//?/ed from his presidence [sic], Aug. 1914 T. D. Rees was ordained president. [The correct expression is set apart rather than ordained. The reorganization occurred 14 June 1914. T. D. Rees was a physician. His counselors were Edgar hunt and J. N. C. Pexton. The new stake clerk was George A. Allen, Langley's son-in-law. George was set apart by Joseph Fielding Smith of the Twelve. Biography of George Albert Allen, op. cit. p. 16. Ed]
Aug. 1914 While in S.L.C. took cold in my left ear. [It] continued to trouble me.
October 1914. With son Wm. I went to Dr. Stukey. Thot [sic] he could scatter that which was in back of [my] ear drum. He finely [sic] pearced [sic] thro the drum of the ear. I suffered considerable. Then a swelling commence/*// on my liver. The pain was sevier [sic]. Dec. Dr. Rees orde/reyd me to the Hospital. 4 sons and 5 son-in-laws carried me to the station on a cot. Wife, sons Wm. & Thomas accompanied me at the Hos. They got me a room and nurse. Next morning there I was taken to operating table. Dr. Midelton cut me open, but galtheren [woman intern ?] sowed [sic] me up. Took me to bed. I was not under the influence of either [ether] but a short time. Drs. Said I could now live. Told tho to not return for 4 days. He could take me home. I got along. Verysicely [sickly]. I never gave up. Many friends friends came to see me. Dec. 30, 1914. Dr. N. J. Rees and Bro. Judd came to Hos. with Tom Bowles who had cut his throat. Dr. Allen said I could go home
with them. Judd took me to the station. William, son, was with me. Wm. & Dr. Rees carried me from Amfbulance ?] to car. Wife and Dau. Mary Jane was [sic] there. Mother was with me all the time, i. e., daytime while in the Hos. Jen came Xmas day. I was well cared for. I told son Wm. to pay all my bills which he did. I settled with him in reaching home. Operation $175; opperating [sic] room, $10; room and nurse girl, $9.50 per day; altogether cost $300. The place where they cut me open and sowed [sic] me shut-There was a discharge for six and half months. I got along very well. It seemed that everybody was surprised that I got better at my age. Nephi Prayer Circle to which I belonged remember me in their devotion. Bro. H. F. McCune had me remembered [in the] S. L. Temple.
[From this point on (beginning at p. 31 in the hand-written text), Langley 'sjournal is an assemblage of documents, newspaper clippings and occasionally a partial page of dated journal entries interspersed among the other materials. In some cases documents, summary reflections and news articles have been referred to previously. For purpose of this edited account, remaining journal entries will be recorded in chronological order, irrespective of where they appear in his manuscript. They will be identified or referenced as LAB J, using his page number. If my surmise is correct that his journal/autobiography represents a more complete record of his life than he initially wrote, that in his later years he produced an enlarged recopy of his original journal, then the lack of daily details from this point suggest he was beginning to weary of the task, and perhaps the responsibilities associated with the calling of stake patriarch were consuming more of his energy for writing. Ed.]
[LABJpp.31-32.] Important Genealogy. I will now give an account of my anchesters [sic] of the Baileys. Henry Bailey of Whitwick, B. 1708. Married Mary Orton of Sheepshed B. 1710. Son Henry Elailey of Sheepshed, B. 1740, married Hannah Bentley of Sheepshed B. 1732. Dau. Mary Bailey of Sheepshed Jan. 1. 1773 [sic], married Geo. West of Sheepshed B. 1761. Son of Mary Bailey, Wm. F. Bailey of Sheepshed B. 1770. (I [copied] pioneer Bk.) And Sarah Hackett born 1779 Sheepshead, Leicestershire, Eng. My father, John Bailey, B. April 28th, 1807, came to Utah Nov. 30th, 1856, Ed. Martin Handcart Co. Married Jane Allgood 1837. Daughter of Langley Allgood and Elizabeth Wakefield. She was born July 4th, 1810, born in [Burslem, Staffordshire and] came to Utah with her husband. Their children: Langley Allgood b. March 27th, 1838; married Sarah Andrews Nov. 17, 1861; John Bailey, B. Nov. 21, 1840, M. Charlotte Shepherd; Thomas, B. July 1st 1844, d. Sep. 6th 1858, four miles south of Sevier bridge—froze or chilled to death; David b. Jan 11,1851, m. Elizabeth Blackham. I, Langley Allgood Bailey, son of John Bailey and Jane Allgood b.March27th, 1838. Baptized in the L.D.S. Church Oct. 12th, 1847. Married Sarah Andrews Nov. 17, 1861. [Ceremony] by Elder Thomas Wright. Daughter of Wm. Andrews and Ann Wright, pioneers of 1860.) She was born Jan. 12, 1845, Packington, England. Their children: John Wright Andrews, b. Sept. 11,1862, died at six months old. William, b. Jan. 29,1864, m. Kate E. Udall, Dec 1902. Langley Allgood, b. April 5, 1866 m. Elva Bigler, 1900; Elizabeth Ann b. April 6, 1868, died Oct, 1868; Thomas b. Nov. 7, 1869, m. Mary Eleanor Chapman, May 31, 1900; Sarah Ann b. Jan 15, 1872 m. George A. Allen July 12, 1893; Mary Jane, b. April 7, 1874 m. Fred M. Beck, Jan 17, 1900; Rosey Alice, b. July 17, 1876, m. H. Lee Boyer of Springville, June 18, 1902; Catherine, b. May 7th, 1879, m. Wm. Alvin Bowles, Nov. 17,1910; Henry Andrews, b. July 2nd, 1881, died Dec.
1883; George Ernest, b. Oct. 4,1884, died Nov. 26,1889; Bertha, b. Oct 17, 1886, m. 2 Oct. 1914 to Frank Russell.
I married Sarah Emma Warner April 2, 1883, Salt Lake Endowment House, Prest. Joseph F. Smith performed the sealing. Sister Eliza R. Snow assisted in giving the endowments. Daughter of Wm. H. Warner and Elizabeth Andrews. Born April 25, 1864 [at] Nephi, Utah. Their children: Wm. Henry, b. Feb. 13, 1888, married Maggie May Peacock, Aug. 27,1910; Elizabeth b. April 5,1892, died.; Wilford, b. Aug. 20,1893, married Ruby Winn, March 7,1917 and [she] was the daughter [of] Samuel Winn, Died Jan 9th, 1919; Reed Warner, b. Jan 29,1896. Drafted as a soldier Sept. 7,1917. Left for Camp Lewis, Wash. Sept. 8,1918 served in many battles. Was in Belgium when peace was signed; Pearl, b. Dec. 8,1899. After her mother's death she lived with her grandmother, then lived with her bro. Wm. H., attend school untill [sic] she passed the eight grade. Then she came and lived with her father and Aunt Sarah to attend high school. Son Reed Warner Bailey married Adeline Barber in Logan Temple, Dec. 1920. Came to S.L.C. same evening. I had a long talk with both of them. Gave them some good instructions. I gave her $50.00 in cash. They returned to Logan. Gov. is caring for him—got gassed while serving in the German War.
I, Langley A. Bailey, [was] born March 27th, 1838. I was baptized a member of the L.D.S. Oct. 12, 1847. At the age of 141 was called by S.S.Supt. William Freeston of the Whitwick Branch to preside over a class of 6 boys about my age. That was my first call. I was ordained a Seventy of the 49th Quorum by Elder George Kendall, 2nd day June 1857. Pres. Joseph Young ordained Bro. Kendall. Prest. Young was ordained by the Prophet Joseph Smith. Joseph Smith was ordained by Peter, James, & John. [Some of the foregoing three paragraphs have or will be told elsewhere. These were names and dates which were precious to Langley A. Bailey. Ed.]
Sept. 8, 1917. Son Reed W. Bailey enlisted in the U. S. Army. Left for Camp Lewis Washington State. [LABJ, p. 35. On LABJ the date is given as Sept. 7, 1917. Ed.]
March 27, 1918. My 80th birthday. I gave to each of my six dau. and daughter-in-laws $50 and to Mother Bailey $ 100. [LABJ, p. 35, 3 7.. This Mother Bailey refers to his wife, Sarah Andrews, since his mother, Jane Allgood Bailey had died 20 October 1895 and wife, Sarah Emma died 1 August 1904. Ed]
May 8, 1918. Mother and I took train to Tacoma. Reed met us there. Next day was Sunday. By auto went to Camp Lewis. Attended meeting of the saints. We viseted [sic] Seattle. After staying two weeks we took train to Portland. It was Sunday. We attended Sunday School. Afterward [Reed] left us to return to camp. Next day we returned homeward. Called at Brigham City. Met our boy, T. H. Blackburn. [Blackburn had lived with them when he was 14. They were, from all reports, like parents to him. Ed.] After a few days stay took train for Ogden. Staid [sic] all night. Took train for Coalville. Found cousen [sic] Jane Beach and husband and cousen [sic] Betsey. Thence to S.L.C, then home. Gone a month.
June 1918. Our son, [Reed] left for France June 1918. [He] called on the way [in] England. [LABJ
p. 35. A newspaper clipping (LABJp. 60) tells that Reed "studied geology and ecology at Utah State Agricultural College where he was editor of Student Life, the school paper and was president of the college student body...He was with the 91st Division of the United States Army in France for two years during the World War and went through that trying ordeal without being wounded. " Ed. J Langley tells that Reed was "Drafted as a Soldier. September 7, 1917, left for Camp Lewis, Wash. Sept. 8/18 served in many battles. Was in Belgium when peace was signed;" and that "son, Reed Warner Bailey, married Adeline [Adaliene] Barber in [the] Logan Temple Dec. 1920. Came to S.L.C. same evening. I had a long talk with both of them. Gave them some good suggestions. I gave her $50.00 in cash. They returned to Logan. Government] is caring for him [as he] got gassed while serving in the German War." [LABJp. 31. German forces used gas, especially phosgene during World War I. It causes a burning, choking sensation, and when inhaled in sufficient quantity leads to permanent lung injury and even death. It is far more toxic than chlorine gas, and harder to neutralize. In the summer of 1917 the Germans began to use mustard gas. Mustard gas not only causes injuries by inhalation, but also attacks all other parts of the body causing blisters, inflammation and general destruction of other tissues. It penetrates clothing. From that point on both sides used mustard gas. It became the greatest single cause of casualties of all the weapons used in World War I. Given the timeframe Reed was in Europe, it is probable that he suffered from mustard gas poisoning.
I met Uncle Reed once. He was a featured speaker in the great hall of the Utah State Capitol when I was a part of an extensive Boy Scout honor guard which formed a great ellipse in the capitol building. It was in February and the ceremony may have been in recognition of National Boy Scout Week. After the ceremonies, I approached him and introduced myself by saying I was Re Ha A lien's boy. We visited briefly. In particular he wanted to know about my Uncle Albert Allen. They had been boyhood pals. Both of them had been Utah State students. Ed. J
Patriarch. I was ordained By Pres/iden/t Charles W. Penrose, assisted By Apostle [James E.J Talmage 16 day of March 1921. On April 12th I received by commission of Hyrum G. Smith [Patriarch to the Church. Ed.] Also a Book to place in recorded blessings and instructions. Sunday March 27th 1921 at the circle meeting, Pres. T. D. Rees read a letter received from Pres. Penrose notifying him I had been ordained a Patriarch. All voted to sustain me. [LABJp. 33. J
Nov. 17, 1921. We celebrated our sixtieth wedding anniversary. Friends came from S.L.C. i.e., F. H. McCune & wife; I. H. Grace, his sister [Ethel?] Pyper. All the family [were] present excepting Reed and wife. [They] could not get here on account of a heavy fall of snow in the valley. Aug. 23. I and wife took train to S.L.C. Frank and Bertha met us with auto. Aug. 27. Boarded Bamberger car for Logan [The Bamberger was a local interurban commuter train which ran north from Salt Lake City. Ed] Reed met me with auto. I with Bro. And Sis. Barber & daughter, [and] Reed looked all over north Cache Valley-Aug. 30. Aug. 31 With Reed went to the col/l/ege, thence up Logan Canyon. Sept. 1. To [ok] car to Brigham City. Viseted [sic] Bro. & Sis. Blackburn. Wife and Bertha reached here at 6 p.m. Sept. 2. Judge Call took us to Ogden in his $3,500 car.
March 19th 1922. We received a phone [call] from Brigham City saying that Bp. Thomas H.
Blackburn died at 5 a.m. with a stroke in his side.
Wed. 22. Took train with son, William, and Elva, Langley's wife, to S.L.C. Leland and Pearl met us at Depot with auto. Staid [sic] with Bertha and Frank Russell. At 8 a.m. boarded the Bamberger to Brigham City. Elva & sis., also Abner Bigler. On reaching B. went directly to the Blackburns house, found, saw Bro. Blackburn in his coffin. Looked smiling. I then saw his wife. She was pleased to see me and the folks from Nephi. I took a little piece of bread [and] water at Bro. & Sis. Horsleys. At one o'clock Funeral started for the Tabernacle. I walked with Sis. B & Daughters. During the serveces [sic] the brethren named my name. Said I made Bp. Blackburn a home when but a boy 14 years old, and we are pleased to have Patriarch Bailey with us here today. Son William was one of the speakers. After the meeting was told wanted on the phone and learned that Mother was very sick and to return and once. A Mr. Baty and William hired an auto. We called at Bertha's and took her along. It was a hard ride home. Then my feeling ran high. Was pleased to find her alive. We administered to her. She was promised she would recover. Two nights it looked like the end had come. I again administered to her. The Spirit prompted me to say she would recover. So she did and Oh Lord be praised. [LABJp. 34]
[LABJ p. 40 gives the following statistical information:] "My father, John Bailey, born April 28, 1807 Sheepshead Co. Leicester died at Moroni, Sanpete Co. Ut. Feb. 8,1891. Mother born July 4th 1810, Jane Bailey died 20 Oct. 1895." [He then records the following about Sarah Bailey's parents:] "William Andrews, born May 12, 1818 Packington, Leicestershire, Eng. Died January 23rd 1902 at Nephi, Utah. Ann Wright Andrews born Oct. 15th 1821 at Packington, Leicestershire, Eng. Died 9 May 1897 at Nephi, Utah."
[LABJ p. 42 (a) is the Western Union Telegram from U. S. Senator Reed Smoot announcing the awarding of his Black Hawk War Pension claim. Pp. 42(b), 43, 44, 45, 47 (p. 46 was blank) involve Sunday School correspondence and news articles. It was the jubilee celebration of the organization of the Sunday School P. 48 is a copy of a Feb. 28th, 1900 letter from the Presiding Bishop's Office commending Langleyfor the condition and neatness of appearance of the 1899 tithing report for Juab Stake. Ed]
[LABJp. 49] History of William H.Warner. Born Aug. 20, 1827. Arrived in Nephi 1853 with his wife Emma D. Tomlison. Married Elizabeth Andrews--/if/ze ceremony was performed] by Patriarch Isaac Morley, July 1861 at Moroni. Ordained [set apart as a] High Council member 1865. Ordained Bishop of Nephi First Ward 1883, continued untill [sic] Nov. 1901. A daughter of [William H. Warner is] Sarah Emma Warner [who] married [Langley] in Salt Lake City April 5th 1883 in the endowment House. [The ceremony was performed] by FrQs[iden]t Joseph F. Smith. She died Aug 1 st  leaving besides her husband Langley A. Bailey, son Wm. Henry Bailey, Wilford B., Reed W., and Daughter Pearl Bailey.
[LABJp. 50 is a recounting of some family activities. P. 51 tells of a sickness during the first of December 1895 which from the remainder of what he writes is actually 1925. Ed] I was given up to die. I said no I will not die. Dr. said I had the grit often men. On Jan. 1st, 19261 sat up and eat
[sic] dinner with the family. In Feb. I took cold and coughed hard. In March I was seized with a stopeaged [sic] of my bowels. I was taken to S.L.C. For three days I had exray plates placed on me each day. On my birthday March 27 my sons Langley, Thomas, Dau. Mary Jane Beck and dau. Kate Bowles and Fred Beck came in auto & daughter Bertha celebrated my birthday. My wife Sarah Bailey was with them. In the evening before the folks left I took very painful in my bowels. Dr. L. A. Stephenson came. [The medicine ?] he gave me that I never was troubled afterward. [The bill from Drs. BecksteadandAllredwasfor $100 for 44 calls about which Langley noted "did not make 44 calls, served 3 weeks. " Ed]
[LAB J p. 52 gives the names and dates of those who presided in Nephi and Juab Stake. They are as follows:] Elder Joseph L. Heywood 1851 to 1853. Bishop Jacob G. Bigler 1853 to 1861. Bishop Charles H. Bryan 1861 to 1868. Bp. and Pres. Jacob. G. Bigler 1868 to 1870. Bp. and Pres. Joel Grover 1870 to 1877. Pres[iden]t of Juab Stake George Teasdale 1877 to 1882. Two wards [were] organized, North and South. Bp. John Andrews, South Ward. Bp. Charles Sperry, North Ward. [The following men served as president of Juab Stake:] William Paxman, 1882 to 1897. James W. Paxman, 1897 to 1914. Thomas D. Rees, 1914 to 1924. Albert H. Belliston 1924 to .
[LABJ p. 53 are journal type entries.] July 21st, 1927. I bought of Jenkins of Salt Lake City overstuff set. Paid $150.00. $3.06 freight. A very nice rug. Linomem [linoleum ?] to go around the room. Also a grafphone [gramophone, also spelledgraphophone], cost over $200. Also a radio, cost $200. Also a parley stove, a heater cost $100. After wife's death sold for $50.
Oct. 10, 1927. Mother [Langley means his wife, Sarah Andrews Bailey. Ed] was taken to L.D.S. Hospital.
Oct. 11. Mother was opperated [sic] on by Dr. Stuffer [who] took from her eye [a] catrack [cataract]. Dr. Stephenson [and] W. Bailey watched opperation [sic], pronounced it a success. In the evening Wife lay in bed. Both eyes had a bandage over both eyes. I went and [touched] her cheek with my three finger. Said this is father. I then spoke to her. I asked Wm. & Langley to administer to her. She was much pleased to have her own folks with her.
Oct. 19. Mother was moved from Hospital. Frank and Bertha came with auto. Dr. promised to attend her at Bertha's.
Oct. 20. Dr. came at 8 p.m. I paid him $145.00. Mother had paid $5.00 preveous [sic], making in all $150.00.
Oct. 29. Mother told me I could return home. Frank R. took me to the train. Emily returned with me.
Nov. 12. Mother returned home. Bertha came with her.
Nov. 14. Bertha and Pearl returned—Pearl to Provo. When Mother returned she was surprised to
see the new stove. It was to warm all the rooms, [she] was much pleased with it. I bought a very nice rug and lydomine [sic?] to [go] around the room. Wall paper looked very nice. [She] was much pleased with the surroundings and her home.
Jan. 6. . Langley took Mother and I [sic]. [We] stop]/p/ed at Rosey's [in] Springfield [Springville]. Staid [sic] two hours, then went on to S.L.C.
Jan. 12. Was Mother's birthday. Bertha took us [on] a ride in auto. Mother Sarah Bailey. We got a Doctor and day & night nurse. All the sons and daughters [were] notified by phone of her condision [sic]. Most all came. All was done that skill & Elders could do.
Jan. 22. 7:15 [A.M. according to a news article found on LABJp. 56]. I spoke to her. She heard me, said Father. I then said, "let her go." [She] was gone in an instant. I was very hard for me to see her body taken away in [a] box. Mother was taken to the undertakers. Many people went to see her as she lay in the coffin. I signed check for son Thomas to pay nurse, undertakers and transportation to Nephi. Son Langley, we were assigned ride on train that carried her remains. [The news articles on LAB J pp. 54 and 56 tell Sarah died of pneumonia and give an account of her life and funeral services. The stake president, A. H. Bel lis ton, conducted the funeral which was held in the Nephi Stake Tabernacle. She was buried in the Nephi City Cemetery. Of her twelve children three sons, William, Langley, Jr., and Thomas and four daughters, Mary Jane Beck, Rosey Alice Boyer, Catherine Bowles and Bertha Russell survived. There were forty grandchildren. After 66 plus years of marriage, it must have been a terribly lonely time for Langley. Ed]
[LABJ pp. 54-56 are copies of news article about Langley and Sarah, including a synopsis of the 65 wedding anniversary celebration, her the accounts of her life, death and funeral and his birthday parties. LABJp. 57 is entitled:] "Vision By Langley A. Bailey. About 15 June 1928. I took very sick--a kind of sun stroke, had to take to my bed. Dr. Allred attended me. I was sitting up in my bed in the morning. I saw a man standing at the foot of the bed, also my wife. She looked at the man. I recognized that he \ook[ed] just like my son that died [at] 6 years old... [the look on his face was] just like that boy, I would have not known him. Seeing my wife was with him, [I] knew it was him. She knew I hated to part with him when alive. I put my hand out to shake hands. He [disappeared] I then put my hand to take hold of her. She also [disappeared] I shall never forget seeing my wife, also my son that growed [sic] to manhood. This boy's name was Earnest." [George Earnest Bailey was born 4 October 1884. He was just four months when his father departed for England. He died 26 November 1889. Bertha, his younger sister, was only three when her playmate brother died. She saw his body as it lay in the casket. In those days the family would wait at the graveside until the internment was completed. As the workmen began to cover the grave with soil, Bertha began to scream. Afterward she cried frequently for Earnest who was buried in the ground. One morning she came downstairs without the usual tears and announced that Earnest was no longer in the ground at the cemetery. The family asked: "How do you know that Earnest is now longer there ? " She replied: "Because this morning he walked down the stairs with me. " Aunt Jen, (Mary Jane Bailey Beck) told this sacred story at our home during my youth. I've never forgotten the details of it, or how I felt when I first heard it. It must have been a special comfort for Jen's niece, Relia,
who in 1941 had buried her four-month-old son, George Lynn. He had been named in honor of George A. Allen, his maternal grandfather. Ed]
[P. 5 7 tells that Langley gave Bibles to a grandson, Edwin A llgood Bailey who was in Germany and to granddaughter, Grace Evelyn Bailey Hull on December 12 th, 1928. He gave copies of the other three standard works to Earnest Bailey. To Ray Bailey, son of Thomas Bailey, he gave a book combined with the Book of Mormon, the Voice of Warning and the Pearl of Great Price. The occasion of the gift to Ray Bailey was in recognition of his call to serve a mission in California. Edwin Bailey was William's son. He was serving in the German Mission as his father had done before him. Ed.]
[LABJ p. 58.] Took train April 3rd, 1929. Frank and Bertha met me. On Friday I attended Conference. [General conference was a three-day affair for many years. It was changed to a two-day conference during President Kimball's administration, if I remember correctly. Ed.] It snowed fast all morning. Got on Bus, my feet [were] very wet in reaching Bertha/"'s/- Sat. did not attend meeting. Sunday, attended all meeting/s/, very good. Monday, we viseted [sic] Church offices, met Patriarch Smith, [Elders] Talmage & Lyman [of the Twelve.]
Saturday April 13 took Bertha, Rosey and self. Took dinner with Evelyn and her husband, Bob Hull.
Thursday 18th. Saw Dr. Woodbury. I was with Bertha. We got on Bus. In getting off Bertha was behind. [She] took holt [hold] of my coattail. When I got nearly off, the Bus started. Knocked me off. Bertha held to my coat or I would have been killed. Conductor heard Bertha scream "stop the car!" She said he came, took the address of her home. Two men took me home to Bertha's in car auto. Suffered very much in my head. Bertha placed hot flan/n/el on my head. Suffered very much.
April 21. Will Bailey took me home in his car. Emily Sperry was a long. I did not sleep during the night. My neck hurt very bad. The case of my damage I placed in the hands of attorney Samuel King.
[LABJ p. 59.] On May 22,  I attended David Cazier's funeral [which was] held in the Tabernacle. Indian War Veterans were pall bearers. Seat/ing/ was arranged for them. I was taken on the stand. I offered the Benediction. Bp., son Thomas Bailey presided. Bro. [Cazier] was 95 years old [and] an old friend of mine.
[That represents Langley's last hand-written entry. P. 60 is an article about his son Reed directing the Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station from his Ogden, Utah office. The next page is numbered 70. It is his letter of appointment to Nottingham and his specific field of assignment in England. It was signed by Daniel H Wells. The next page is numbered 296. It is the document which certifies his calling as a missionary. It is signed by the First Presidency, namely John Taylor, Geo. Q. Cannon and Jos. F. Smith. Reference was made to both of these documents in connection with his 1885 missionary service in his native England. P. 299 is next. It is his Seventies' License. The last document is Langley's Certificate of Naturalization.
In concluding the history they wrote of Langley Allgood Bailey a half century ago, Clare Bernard and Relia Sarah Allen Christensen said: "He had lived (a) long and full (life), but there comes a time when a man's heart and interests are elsewhere. That day came, as (it does) to all men; and he passed away September 13, 1929. "
I end this account with the hope that this record will quicken in our hearts a new appreciation, an ever deepening sense of gratitude for their heroic sacrifices, for devotion which made duty seem ordinary, given cheerfully and willingly by handcart pioneers who withheld nothing in their offering to the Lord. Ed. J
It was a day of memories,
Of times from long ago,
Of pioneers and Utes,
And trappers in the snow.
Of beaver in the mountains
Building dams across clear streams,
Whose crystal waters capture
The morning sun's first beams.
Of pines and quaking aspens,
And mountain meadows too,
Where deer and elk find forage
As daylight breaks anew.
Of a cabin in the valley
Nestled out among the sage.
Their struggle for survival
To make a living wage.
The animals now stirring,
They're waiting to be fed.
The father is awakening,
How quickly night has fled.
Wondrous thoughts aplenty
For those who really gave
People who toiled and loved,
It's they who were the brave.
Flintlock musket, axe and spade,
Ox-drawn plow were tools to do
The work which planted stars of silver,
Which now adorn that field of blue.
In several hours we cover
What once took months to cross,
With little thought of what it means,
And that part is our loss.
Allen C. Christensen