Joseph Lunceford

12 Dec 1828 - 20 Jun 1895


Joseph Lunceford

12 Dec 1828 - 20 Jun 1895
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History of JOSEPH LUNCEFORD Joseph Lunceford was born 12 Dec. 1828 at Lebanon, St, Clair, Illinois being the fifth child and third son of William Lunceford and Rosey (Rawsey) Robertson. About 1843, Joseph and his father, William, went to Nauvoo to meet the Prophet Joseph Smith, after missionaries ha
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Life Information

Joseph Lunceford


Provo City Cemetery

610 S State St
Provo, Utah, Utah
United States


Our father has gone To a mansion of rest To the glorious land By the Diety blest.


June 26, 2011


June 22, 2011

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Life Sketch of Joseph Lunceford

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago

History of JOSEPH LUNCEFORD Joseph Lunceford was born 12 Dec. 1828 at Lebanon, St, Clair, Illinois being the fifth child and third son of William Lunceford and Rosey (Rawsey) Robertson. About 1843, Joseph and his father, William, went to Nauvoo to meet the Prophet Joseph Smith, after missionaries had come to them and preached to them about the Gospel and the Prophet Joseph Smith. William said he could tell if Joseph Smith was a Prophet of God or not by meeting him. Therefore they both went to Nauvoo. When William saw the Prophet, he felt the spirit and testified that Joseph Smith was a prophet of God. Joseph was probably baptized a member of the Church shortly thereafter. In 1850, Joseph Lunceford came to Utah crossing the plains traveling from the Missouri river to the Great Salt Lake City under the direction of the officials of the Church but not in one of the ten major companies that crossed in 1850. The name of the company Joseph crossed the plains is unknown. On 21 Dec. 1850 Joseph went to Iron County, Utah to fight the Indians, led by George A. Smith in the Walker Indian War. Sometime in Feb. 1851 Joseph was rebaptized by Calvin Smith and reconfirmed a member of the Church sustaining the leaders of the Church. In the middle of 1853 the Palmyra Ward records in Utah County show that Joseph was an Elder in the Church by that time. On 26 Feb. 1855 Joseph received his Patriarchal Blessing from Patriarch Isaac Morly. On 17 Feb. 1858, Joseph went to the Endowment House in Salt Lake City and received his own endowments. Then on 13 Oct. 1860, being 31 years of age, Joseph married Angeline Skinner, the daughter of Horace Billings Skinner and Eleanor Cease. The marriage ceremony was performed by Bishop Duke, Bishop of the Provo Ward. They were later sealed to each other on 1 Dec. 1864 in the Endowment House. Joseph first lived in Spanish Fork. Joseph probably remained in Spanish Fork for a while and then removed to Provo probably before 1860 when he married and after 1853 when his father left Utah for California. Joseph and Angeline first lived in Provo. Shortly after they were married, they moved to St. George where they lived only a short period of time, probably a couple of months. Joseph fought in the Black Hawk War (which lasted from 1865-1868) in South Central Utah. In 1868, Brigham Young called Joseph and Angeline into his office in Salt Lake City and told them that it was the Lord's will that Joseph take a second wife. Brigham asked Angeline if she had any preference for Joseph's second wife. She said that if she had to share Joseph with somebody that she would prefer it to be with her sister, Ester Jane Skinner. Therefore on 5 Jan. 1869 Joseph married Ester Jane Skinner in the Salt Lake Endowment House or the President's office. Joseph began thinking of moving out of Provo in 1870. They had taken up land on the north side of the river known then as the Provo Third Ward, and later as Lake View. They homesteaded there land, living on it in the summer and moving back to Provo in the winter. In 1881 Joseph and his Families made the complete move from Provo to Lake View living there year round after this date. Joseph built two homes for his two families being approximately 1 mile apart. Although Joseph and Angeline did everything they could, sister Jane and most of her family, were very jealous and bitter towards Angeline and her family. (Wilford a son of Ester Jane and John II a son of Angeline, were close). This bitterness passed down to Ester Jane's children and caused many family feelings, probably being a great pain for Joseph and Angeline. On 22 May 1872 Joseph and Angeline went to the Endowment House and did baptismal, Endowment, and some sealing work for many of their kindred dead. At this time, Joseph also had a woman, Sarah Walker, sealed to him with her work being done by Angeline. On Saturday 24 Mar. 1888 in the First District Court of Provo, Joseph was sentenced and fined $50 being; charged with unlawful cohabitation (polygamy). On Monday 24 Sep. 1888 Joseph was discharged from the penitentiary. Once when Joseph was ill with pneumonia, he fainted and slightly fell in an open fire place. His hands and face were burnt, but wherever his garments were, he was protected. He bore testimony that his garments were truly a protection to the body. Joseph and Angeline were the parents of nine (9) children raising seven (7) of them with two dying young. They had three (3) sons and six (6) daughters. By his second wife, Ester Jane, Joseph was the father of eight (8) children, being four (4) sons and four (4) daughters, having three of these children die young. In total, Joseph was the father of seventeen (17) children. On Friday 20 June 1895 at the age of 67, Joseph died in Lake View at his home at 9:30 A.M. He was buried the next day, 21 June 1895 in the Provo Cemetery. Many years later Angeline was buried next to him. Ester Jane was buried in a different lot in the Provo Cemetery with several of her children. Joseph had been a ward teacher in the Church for many years before his death. Joseph had been a farmer till his death while in Lake View. Under supervison of Bishop John Butler, 1919 San Bernardino Directory. 255 P 89 Hist Off. SLC (Ann James Mar. 21 Feb 1858. J W Lunceford (Co. Book 7 P 74 Journal Hist 21 Dec 1850 going to Iron Co. to fight the Indians, led by George A Smith, J Joseph Lunceford was one of them (Pet©eet or Payson Canyon. Ref. on Lettie Jameson(A Ref Va Hist Index Vol 2) Film for sealings 25261 Pt 12. Oga Miller. (Williaim and Mary Quart. 1st series. u 2 2nd series. William Lunceford was rebaptized 10 Jan 1853 in Spanish Fork Utah by William Berry Confirmed 16 Jan 1853 by Stephen Markham, Assisting were John William Berry, William Davies And William W Willis also Richard Carlile and William Thomas. William Lunceford was a Pioneer of 1850. This record is found in the historians office in Salt Lake City Utah, Book no 1742 pp 39 and 28 and in F Ut P15 Palmira Utah County, Utah, 1853 1856. (Palmyra) Utah Stake was organized 22 Mar 1853, Disorganized 1856 Pottawattamie (Iowa) Union branch records (also Palmira (Utah) records 1853 1856 Union or (Coonville) Branch Pottowattamie County Iowa, Organized 16 April 1848 Union branch 108 members. Records listed of members, l848, 1851, l852. Records received 6 September 1907 of George Snell of Spanish Fork Utah County, Utah for deposit in the Historians Office, Andrew Jenson. The first school house in Palmyra was dedicated the lst of Jan 1853. William Berry was appointed Bishop because Bishop Pace lived so far away. Spanish Fork organized Palmyra ward 1891, Utah stake to 1901 Record no 19016, 1927 Angeline Angeline Lunceford did Rawsey Robertson’s Endowment in Salt Lake Endowment house Elizabeth Lunceford Da of Wm and Rawsey was sealed to Shadrack Holdaway Mary Ann Lunceford same parents, was sealed to Thomas Arrowsmith. She was also baptized again 25 Aug 1938. Angeline Lunceford was baptized for her in 1872 George Lunceford was baptized again in 1938 & End. Samuel Judy & Charlotte were married by Bishop Clark of Provo, Angeline & Joseph were Married by Bishop Duke of Provo, Joseph was baptized by Calvin Smith of Provo Joseph was an Elder in 1853. Emily L Long did Caroline’s Endowment George Lunceford, Jefferson County, Kentucky, 25 July 1789, Joseph Skinner, Madison County, 1789 Ref R 8 A 39firat census of Kentucky l790, Angeline Endowed 1 Nov 1875 SL sealed to Joseph 1865, Most of this record was taken from a book of Angeline’s probably written by her after the temple work was done. Copied 14 Mar 1968 by Emily Long Lettie Jameson B Iowa, 24 years old Died 11 Jan 1895 Book 9 P8 Ln #3 H6846 Robert Robertson B177O, Elizabeth B 1774 sealed. Rowsey is sealed to her parents.

Life Sketch of Joseph Lunceford & Angeline Skinner

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago

Life Histories of JOSEPH LUNCEFORD & ANGELINE SKINNER by John H. Lunceford JOSEPH LUNCEFORD was born 12 December 1828 at Lebanon, St. Clair County, Illinois, being the fifth child and third son of William Lunceford and Rosey (Rawsey) Robertson. However, the first two sons died in early childhood. As a result, Joseph was the eldest boy in the family. While a young lad of almost 8 years of age, his mother Rosey, died 22 November 1836. Shortly thereafter, his father remarried a widow with five children, Mary Holdaway, on 22 November 1837. As his father was a farmer, Joseph had his farm and family chores, thus learning farming from his father. One of his tasks he told about was driving herds of pigs to the slaughter yards of St. Louis, Missouri about 20 miles away, with as many as 700 pigs a time. In 1843 when Joseph was a lad of 14 years, the Lunceford family met the Mormon missionaries. It was about March or April 1843, Francis M. Edwards enroute to Tennessee of the Southern States Mission stopped in Lebanon and met W. H. Edwards. While there, they stayed several days preaching the gospel and baptized 8 people (names not given) and organized the Lebanon Branch. These 8 baptisms were probably William Lunceford and part of his family. It is very probable that Joseph was baptized at this time. The record of a step brother, Shadrack Holdaway, gives a baptismal date of 30 Apr. 1843. According to family tradition, William Lunceford heard the missionaries and said he could tell if Joseph Smith was a Prophet of God or not. As a result, Joseph is said to have gone with his father to Nauvoo, Illinois where William met the Prophet and accepted him as such. However, this is probably not true. It is probable the Luncefords also heard Elder John Zundall who preached the Gospel in April 1843 in Mascoutah, St. Clair County, close to Lebanon, and Elders G. P. ***** and Samuel Bran who were in St. Clair County, Illinois in July 1843 preaching. ANGELINE SKINNER was born 4 Oct. 1843 at Goldens Point, Hancock County, Illinois. Angeline was the 6th child being the 4th daughter of Horace Billings Skinner & Eleanor Seas (Cease). Probably between Apr. & July 1846 the Skinner family moved from Illinois crossing the Mississippi River with many other Saints to Iowa. They settled in Glenwood, Mills County, Iowa where they resided until 1852. When the call came for the Saints to move west, the Luncefords made preparations to start leaving their home in Lebanon and journey with the Saints to Zion in the West. In 1850, Joseph crossed the plains traveling from the Missouri River to the Great Salt Lake City in the Shadrach Holdaway Group of 10 according the Prominent Pioneers & Men of Utah of the James Pace Company. They were in the Richard Sessions 1st group of 50. The James Pace Company left Kanesville, Iowa in June 1850 and arrived in the Salt Lake Valley 20 Sep. 1850. There were 100 wagons in the company. Shadrach Holdaway, their step brother had been in the Mormon Battalion, stopped in California and panned $3000.00 in gold, went to Utah and in 1849 returned to Illinois with his bride. Shadrach used his gold to buy machinery to set up a woolen business in Provo and with his bride, Lucinda, was returning to Provo with the machinery. Joseph & Samuel were probably needed to help Shadrach drive his several wagons hauling the machinery. From a DUP biography of Shadrack Holdaway, ‘On March 3, 1850, they left Lebanon and went to Kanesville, Iowa, where they received a shipment of woolen mills machinery about May 15th …” Note: Jonathan Oldham Duke’s entries are recorded at the end of the day. John H. Redd’s entries are morning entries the next day. John H. Redd’s journal could be called “a ‘Seaman’s Log’ or a ‘Captain’s Prairie Schooner Log.’ John H. Redd used navy terms, such as ‘the weather was squally,’ a typical seaman’s expression. He also often gave the direction of the wind, a fact of not much interest to land people but bery important on the sea if they were to know how to adjust their sail.” (quoting Dr. Mason Redd, University of Utah) John H. Redd was in Richard Session’s 1st group of 50. Redd’s journal was written in the morning reflecting the previous day’s travel. When John H. Redd makes reference to the camps, he is referring to the camps of the groups of tens in Captain Session’s Company unless otherwise stated. Charles Root Dana and Jonathan Oldham Duke were in David Bennett’s 2nd group of 50. Duke’s journal were written in the evening. There is some conflict when events happened between Duke’s entries and the other two (Redd & Dana) for June. From the journals & diaries of Dana & Duke in Bennett’s 2nd group of 50, Bennett’s group most of the time was a few miles (as much as a day’s travel) travel in the rear of Richard Sessions 1st group of 50. However, there were a few times they were in the lead. “June 7th: This day Elder Hyde organized a company of one hundred wagons. He appointed James Pace as Captain of the hundred, brother (Richard) Sessions captain of the first fifty and David Bennett Captain of the second fifty.” (Journal of Charles Root Dana) “June 8th: Organized the tens. I (Charles R. Dana) was chosen of the second ten in Brother Bennett’s fifty.” (Dana) “June 11th: Crossed the Missouri River.” (Dana) “… after ferrying across the Missouri River, set out on our journey, on the South side of the Platte River with fair outfits…” (William B. Pace autobiography) Session’s group started their trek to the Salt Lake Valley either the 12th or the 13th. Bennett’s group began their trek on June 13th. “June 13th: Began to move on our way to the Valley: rolled twelve miles. This evening Brother Luther Warner was taken with cholera.” (Dana) “… camped at a point of timber this night. Brother Warner was taken sick with the cholera.” (Diary of Jonathan Oldham Duke) “June 14th: Brother Bennett’s camp all moved on this day, except brother Stephen Perry’s ten, They remained to see how it would go with Brother Warner. Just as we were ready to roll, Margaret (Charles Dana’s wife) stepped up to me (Charles Dana) and said, “Pa, I believe I shall go and see Brother Warner a moment before I leave.’ I said, ‘Margaret, I do wish that you would not go.’ She said that she thought she could tell him something that would help him. She finally went, and shortly after noon she complained of sickness at the stomach. I administered to her and she felt better, but soon appeared to be worse again; so that by the time we got into camp it was evident that Cholera, with all it attendant horrors, had fastened its iron grasp upon her. We administered every kindness in our power; but, not withstanding, she swooned and was gone near two minutes. She seemed much elated when she came to herself again, and said, ‘Pa, I have been there.’ ‘Where have you been, Margaret,’ I said. ‘With the Saints, and the place was glorious; but I have a work to do.’ She continued to cramp for three or four hours and then sank into drowsiness. A little before daybreak the Brethren administered to her. Almost directly symptoms of immediate dissolution appeared and by daybreak she was a lifeless corpse.” (Dana). “Captain Bennett thought it expedient for the Company to move on, leaving our ten (Stephen Perry’s ten) to take care of Brother Warner who died the same day. After interring him as decently as circumstances would admit. This evening we held a prayer meeting in which, while I was speaking, the spirit of the Lord came upon me and I rebuked the destroyer and prophesied that inasmuch as our company of ten would be faithful, the destroyer would have no more power over us.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “June 15th: We laid her (Margaret Dana) in her Temple clothes, made a coffin of packing boxes, and gave her a decent burial. Her age was 43 years, two months, and fifteen days. The whole distance from the Missouri was 25 miles … Seven died altogether before we were rid of that plague for a few days.” (Dana). Bennett’s group - “… several more were at the point of death. At this intelligence, consternation or the solemnities of death were depicted upon many countenances, and many hearts were uplifted to God in prayer that He would spare His people from the power of the destroyer. We camped early this afternoon near Bennett’s Company and several of us were called to assist interring Sister Dille, the wife of David Buel Dille, a woman of meek and quiet spirit … At this place which we called Cholera Creek, five of our brethren and sisters were buried, but blessed be to God, the power of the destroyer is in a great measure stayed.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “17th. Camp moved on 6 miles and stayed to bury Brother Keyes on the road, at our noon halt. He had died on the road. Traveled 18 miles further and camped at a point of timber …” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “June 18th: This morning, in addition to our other troubles, Henry (Kingsley) missed his horses. There is no doubt that the Indians stole them. It was all the team he had.” (Dana). “Traveled 16 miles.” (Duke) “Tuesday morning, June 18th. Fine weather with the wind still to the south. We are encamped on the west side of the Weeping Water and Captain Bennett with the second 50 encamped on the opposite bank. We have accounts of one death amongst them, viz. Perry Kees (s/b Keyes). Their health seems a little improving this morning. We are still blessed with tolerable health in our camp.” (Journal of John H. Redd) “Wednesday morning, June 19th. We had quite a rain last night and this morning it looks quite rainy. We are encamped on Salt Creek. Captain Bennett’s company passed us this morning in traveling condition under animating hopes of the cholera subsiding amongst them.” (Redd) “Thursday morning, June 20th. A prospect of good weather this morning. Captain Bennett’s company is still in advance of us about three miles and this is according to the wish of Captain Pace as he wishes to strictly attend both companies. We fell in with two emigrating wagons yesterday who wished to be admitted into our camp, and they had the appearance of friendly civil men, who seemed willing to do their part in herding or guarding. Captain Sessions proposed to the camps that if it was consistent with their wishes that he would have no objection and I believe it met the approbation of the camps so they were admitted in. Their names were as follows, viz. - Syrus Collins who represented six persons, one wagon and five horses and the other by the name of I. W. Sands who represented 2 persons, 1 wagon and three horses.” (Redd) “Friday morning, June 21st. Fine weather this morning and our camps in tolerable health and condition. We passed Captain Bennett’s company yesterday about 1 o’clock. We suppose them at this time to be still in our rear about 5 miles.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “21st. This evening married D. B. Dille & Sister Doffermire.” (Duke) “Saturday morning, June 22nd. Fine weather and tolerable health in our camps except Brother William Middleton who is sick this morning. We are camped near the Oak Grove and suppose Captain Bennett to be in our rear about 5 miles.” (Redd) “Sunday morning, June the 23rd. Quite cloudy this morning and likely for rain. We had a little rain last evening about the time we came into the bottom. We are camped near the lone cottonwood in the Platte Bottom and in sight of Captain Evanses company who is in advance of us. Captain Bennett’s company is still in the rear. Our camps are still bles sed with tolerable health.” (Redd) “Monday morning, June 24th. We had it quite showery yesterday and very warm, consequently our road was very heavy as we were amongst sloughs. We have nothing of interest.” (Redd) Bennettt’s Group - “24th. Came up with Brother Pace’s Company & camped on the bank of the Platte River.” (Duke) ?? s/b ?? 25th. Redd & Duke appear to be off 1 day. “Tuesday morning, June 25th. We are camped on the south bank of the Platte River where we have plenty of wood and water. We anticipate to rest today and do some washing and wait for the arrival of Captain Bennett’s Company. We still have it warm and showery. Our camps still blessed with tolerable health.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “25th. Washed here. Sister (Elizabeth) Mallory died. Also child of Lees.” (Duke). Note, conflict in dates for her death with Charles Dana’s journal. ?? s/b ??27th. “Wednesday morning, June 26th. We had quite a rain last night. We have the wind to the north west this morning and a prospect of better weather. Captain Bennett’s camps (the 2nd 50) arrived yesterday and are encamped near us. All seem to be in tolerable spirits. The camps were called together this morning to establish rules and regulations for safety, progress and welfare of the camps. Captain Pace and Captain Sessions very appropriately addressed the camps and it seemed to meet with the good feelings and unanimously agreed to said rules and regulations. I have this morning read a correct statement of the deaths which have occurred in Captain Bennett’s company which I will herein insert, viz, Luther Warner who died the 13th of June, Margaret Daney, wife of Charles R. Daney June 14th, Harriet Dilley wife of D. B. Dilley June 14th, Ambrose Nichols June 14th, John Smith June 16th, Amanda Herrick June 16th, and Perry Kier June 17th. All supposed to die of cholera and east of the Weeping Water. Captain Bennett’s company have lost two horses supposed to be stolen by Indians. We have sent a letter back this morning to Kanesville addressed to Elder O. Hide.” (Redd) “Everything went well until the cholera broke out. We could not get a bit of good water anywhere. The water in the Platte River was thick with mud and very warm. Many of the company died. We had no boxes to bury them in, so they were wrapped in a white sheet and laid in the cold ground, not even a slab to mark their graves. Sometimes a large rock or tree marked their burial place.” (Lucinda Holdaway) “After the cholera died out, we got along real well without any accident for several hundred miles. We had all the buffalo and antelope meat we wanted and some deer meat, which we got in the Black Hills. The company dried a lot of it and it came in very well, for we needed it when we got out of the buffalo country.” (Lucinda Holdaway) “My husband (Shadrack) was on guard at night and during the day he walked ahead and drove the stock. He shod the horses and was looked to as a kind of overseer of the company. I (Lucinda) had to cook for four men (?? Including Joseph & Samuel) and drive our team besides.” (Lucinda Holdaway) Bennett’s Group - “26th. Sister Elizabeth Mallory, a dear sister of Margaret’s was taken with cholera.” (Dana) Bennett’s Group - “June 27th: She died (Elizabeth Mallory) soon after sunrise. Thus, in the short space of 12 days, two sisters fell by the hand of the destroyer. How more united in their lives (they were) not separated by death … we buried four this day.” (Dana) “Thursday morning, June 27th. We are still on the Platte Bottom. A prospect of fine weather this morning with a light breeze of wind to the north. Our camps are at this time enjoying tolerable health.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “26th. Moved for this night. Brother Kernes & a boy of Brother Keyes died, making 11 persons. For several days we have passed 3 or 4 graves a day of our brethren & sisters…” (Duke) ?? s/b 27th. “Friday morning, June the 28th. We had a little rain last night but a prospect of good weather this morning. We have tolerable health with the exception of Sister Oliver who is quite sick at this time.” (Redd) “Saturday morning, June the 29th. It looks quite squally this morning after a very heavy rain last night. We passed Captain Evans company yesterday. They have lost some three or four of their number with cholera. They passed us last night and are in advance of us a ½ mile encamped. We met the mail from Salt Lake Valley yesterday about 10 o’clock. Supposed to be about 60 miles below Fort Carney (s/b Kearny) . Captain Bennett is till in our rear about 15 miles and news has come in this morning that they have lost 4 more of their number with cholera. Our two emigrating wagons (Mr. Collins and Mrs. Sands) left us this morning by common consent as we expected this day to lay by and they wished to make better progress in traveling.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “27th. We this day passed a large Indian village and camped on the South bank of the Platte.” (Duke) ?? s/b 29th. “Sunday morning, June 30th. We have prospects of good weather at this time though we had quite a storm of wind and rain last night. We lay be yesterday in hopes that they 2nd 50 would come up but they have not, as yet. We still have some complaints of sickness in our camps.” (Redd) “Monday morning, July 1st. Quite cool this morning with the wind to the northwest. We had very heavy mud yesterday through the willows, sloughs, and swamps but we are safe over this morning. We still have some complaints of sickness in our camps. Captain Pace has returned back this morning to visit his 2nd 50 (Captain Bennett’s Company).” (Redd) “Tuesday morning, July 2nd. Fine weather this morning. We are encamped 10 miles east of Fort Carney (s/b Kearny). Captain Pace returned into camp last night with intelligence that Captain Bennett’s company was moving on cheerfully about 12 miles in the rear with no other misfortune than the breaking of two axle-trees. We had the misfortune to lose one of our number yesterday morning. A young girl about 3 years of age, the daughter of brother Henry Wilcox, name Elmira Charlotte.” (Redd) “Wednesday morning, July 3rd. Fine weather this morning. We camped about 3 miles west of Fort Kearny where we buried Brother Henry Wilcox who died yesterday. Brother Wilcox was about 37 years of age supposed to die of cholera. There was a meeting called this morning by Captain Pace and Captain Sessions as it had been suggested that we should travel in smaller companies to promote the health and welfare of the companies. To this they agreed admitting it should be the unanimous wish of the camps or any numbers of tens so that they may travel in safety but not that any ten should be broken, but on taking the vote we found but very few in favor of dividing as they thought it could not benefit the camps in the least and no one ten unanimous. Therefore it was agreed to and decided that there should be no division but before the camp was ready to move in order John Cazier, Captain of the 2nd ten, drove out and was followed by 2 wagons out of his own ten represented by Breed Sierls (Searles) and two more out of the first ten (Captain John Session’s camp 10), one represented by Peter Wimmer and the other by Andrew Goodwin and was heard to exclaim ‘We are for Salt Lake Valley’ and drove on independent and contrary to rules, order or authority. We have wrote and sent on our first letter to the Salt Lake Valley addressed to president Brigham Young bearing date the 2nd of July 1850. Brother William Middleton was appointed Captain over the third ten in the place of brother Henry Wilcox.” (Redd) “Thursday morning, July 4th. Fine weather but quite warm. There is some complaint of sickness in our camps this morning.” (Redd) “Friday morning, July 5th. Good weather and consequently we have better roads. Our camps seem a little better in health this morning for which we feel very thankful to our Heavenly Father for his mercies.” (Redd) “Saturday morning, the 6th. Fine weather, there seems to be some complaint. Brother Edward E. Wilcox is very sick this morning.” (Redd) “Sunday morning, July the 7th. Fine weather this morning with the wind to the south. We are encamped on the bank of the Platte. We have had the misfortune to loose another of our number with cholera. Brother Edward E. Wilcox died yesterday and we have buried him at this place some fifty or sixty miles east of the south fork of the Platte. The name through mistake on his headboard is marked Edward H. instead of Edward E. Brother Breed Searls who went off with John Cazier has returned with his two wagons and states that he had no intention of leaving or forsaking the camp. As such they have been received into their place.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “7th. Sunday had meeting. The 3rd General Epistle of the First Presidency was read and the minutes of the conference were read. A good spirit prevailed in the camp.” (Duke) “Monday morning, July 8th. A little cloudy and cool and fine weather for traveling. We lay by yesterday in hopes that Captain Bennett’s company would come up but they have not as yet arrived. We still have some complaints of sickness in our camp.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “8th. 12 miles. This morning was the first time we saw buffalo. Several of the men started in pursuit. They wounded but did not get it.” (Duke) “Tuesday morning, July the 9th. We have good weather this morning though we had quite a rain last evening. There is still some complaints amongst our people and mostly bowel (trouble) complaints.” (Redd) “Wednesday morning, July 10th. Fine weather this morning with the wind to the east. We had quite a wind from the north last evening and but little rain. It is quite cool this morning and fine weather for traveling. There remains some complaints.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “10th. 15 miles. Camped on river bottom near a slue. Plenty of dry willows. Camped in sight of a herd of buffaloes. This night Sister Agnes Norde died of the bloody sickness.” (Duke) “Thursday morning, July 11th. We had a storm of wind and rain last night from various points. Commencing at the north the wind is to the south west and a little likely for rain this morning. We passed the fork of the south and west prongs of the Platte yesterday. We seem through the blessings of Divine providence to meet with no material misfortune and our health a little improving for which we feel thankful to our Father in Heaven.” (Redd) “Friday morning, July 12th. We have it quite foggy and a little misty this morning. We are camped at or near the lower crossing of the south fork of the Platt. The health of our camps seems a little improving.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “12th. 14 miles. Camped on the same creek near a good spring. This night Sister Jane Russell died of diarrhea.” (Duke) “Saturday morning, July 13th. Fine pleasant weather this morning for traveling and we have had good roads for several days except a little sand yesterday. The health is still better and our condition first rate with the exception of some lame cattle.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “13th. 12 miles. Camped on the river bottom 1 ½ miles from the river. Today Brother Dille shot a buffalo and carried home 50 pounds of meat. Ephraim Smith and George Grindell each shot one.” (Duke) “Sunday morning, July the 14th. Quite cool and cloudy this morning and the health of our camps very much improving. Captain Bennett’s company is still in our rear about five or six miles. The government train passed us this morning and we are encamped about 25 miles below the upper crossing of the south fork of the Platt.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “14th. Sunday. James Smith, Charles Dana, Sylvanus Hulet killed one and brought 50 pounds to camp, whereupon Captain gave orders that none should go hunting without orders and not to kill anything without the probability of getting the same to camp.” (Duke) “Monday morning, July 15th. Cool and pleasant weather this morning and our camps in tolerable health and condition. We lay by yesterday being the Sabbath and in hopes of the arrival of Captain Bennett’s Company. But they were laying by at the same time. We learned that they have lost one more of their number.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “15th. 15 miles. Camped at the middle fork of the Platte. Here Ephraim Smith and George Grindell killed a deer.” (Duke) “Tuesday morning, July 16th. Beautiful weather this morning and our camps enjoying tolerable health except a child of sister Catherine Webbs who is quite sick at this time. We are encamped 7 miles below where we anticipate the south fork of the Platte. Captain Bennett’s camp is still in our rear.” (Redd) “Wednesday morning, July 17th. This is a beautiful morning with the wind to the east. We are this morning through the blessings of Divine Providence all safe on the north bank of the Platte. We had quite a pleasant time for crossing yesterday. The government train also got safe over last evening and are encamped near us. Captain Bennett’s with the 2nd 50 also drove up last evening and are ready this morning for crossing. Sister Webb lost her little (girl) last night. She died with the canker and whooping cough, and is buried at this place. Her name is Phoebe Arabella Webb. She was about 3 years old.” (Redd) “Thursday morning, July 18th. We are this morning in Ash Hollow. Fine weather but very warm. We have nothing of interest more than our camps are through the blessings of Heaven enjoying tolerable health. We have received some intelligence from Captain Bennett’s camp by Captain Pace who continued at the river yesterday morning to see Captain Bennett. There were in good condition and crossing.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “18th. 18 miles. Camped at the mouth of Ash Hollow. Late this night, Brother Orson Hyde camp to camp on his way to the valley.” (Duke) “Friday morning, July 19th. The weather still continues good. We have had some very heavy sand since we crossed the river. Our camps are enjoying tolerable health this morning through the mercies of God. There was 3 persons baptized by brother William Middleton, viz. Sister Catherine Webb, for her health, sister Martha Wilcox for her health and remission of sins and sister Webb’s daughter Lydia for remission of sins.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “19th. Moved 1 miles to the river for the purpose of washing and setting tire.” (Duke) “Saturday morning, July 20th. Somewhat cool and cloudy this morning after some little thunder and lightning last night. We are this morning a little in advance of the government train and Captain Evans company. Our camps are enjoying tolerable health and we are blessed with little or no misfortunes. There was a meeting called yesterday at noon to see who wished to divide and upon what principles as there seemed to be some 2 or 3 of our number who wished to travel faster but on an investigation there were so few found that was willing to divide that a division could not be affected. Captain Sessions spoke very lengthy and very much to the purpose of evil consequences that might result from dividing spirits and those inclined to lead off also from excessive driving of lame cattle.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “20th. 3 tens moved 5 miles. Brother Dille’s & Murdock’s tens staying to finish setting tires.” (Duke) “Sunday morning, July 21st. We are encamped on the south bank of the west fork of the Platt opposite a pine grove on our left. The government train and Captain Evans company passed us last evening. Elder Hide passed us yesterday about 10 o’clock on his way to the Great Salt Lake Valley. We had a fine rain last evening but it is quite clear and pleasant this morning.” (Redd) Bennett’s Group - “21st. Sunday. When they came up we called together to hold a meeting. Brother Bennett called upon me to preach which I did. Here a vote was taken to establish Brother Dana in his office as journalist of the company.” (Duke) “Monday morning, the 22nd. We are still encamped at the same place but mustering up this morning for a few days travel. We lay by yesterday for the purpose of resting our teams and to do some washing. We have fine pleasant weather this morning and our company enjoying good health for which we feel thankful to our Heavenly Father for his blessings.” (Redd) “Tuesday morning, July the 23rd. Fine weather this morning and our camp’s in tolerable condition for traveling and enjoying a reasonable share of health through the blessings of divine Providence.” (Redd) “Wednesday morning, July the 24th. Fine pleasant weather this morning with the wind to the north. We are encamped on the south bank of the Platte about five miles east of the chimney rock and about 75 miles east of Fort Laramie. We have received intelligence from Captain Bennett’s company by Samuel Johnston. He states that they are still in good condition and are traveling on. He also states that they have lost in all 14 of their number and most of cholera.” (Redd) “Thursday morning, July 25th. We are still encamped at the same place. We lay by yesterday it being the 24th of July to celebrate the day in commemoration of the entering of the pioneers that day three years ago into the valley of the great Salt Lake. Our opportunities of celebrating the day was very limited on this almost barren prairie but we rested our teams as we thought it a righteous act and was well entertained in the evening by an interesting discourse both from Captain Pace and Captain Sessions, admonishing the brethren to faithfulness in the discharge of their several duties. The brethren all seemed to meet and part with good feelings. We have fine weather but warm in the afternoon. We are enjoying good health through the blessings of Divine Providence.” (Redd) “Friday morning, July 26th. We are encamped this morning about 5 miles west of the Chimney Rock. We still have fine pleasant weather and our camp’s in tolerable health and condition.” (Redd) “Saturday morning, July the 27th. We are encamped this morning at Scott’s Hills or the trading post where we leave the river for about 25 miles travel. We had it quite squally last evening but very little rain. It is very cloudy this morning and likely for rain. Our health continues tolerable good.” (Redd) “Sunday morning, July 28th. We are again encamped on the Platte Bottom. We had it rainy the most of the day yesterday and quite cool and rainy this Morning. We are about 40 miles below Fort Laramie.” (Redd) “Monday morning, July the 29th. We had a little rain yesterday but quite cool and pleasant this morning. We lay by yesterday it being the Sabbath to rest our cattle. Captain Evans’ company is camped near us on horse creek. Our camps are enjoying a reasonable portion of health through the mercies of God.” (Redd) “Tuesday morning, July the 30th. We are encamped this morning about 3 miles below a trading post and about 23 miles below fort Laramie. We had considerable hail yesterday but beautiful weather this morning. Captain Evanes camp is a little in advance of us and Captain Bennett’s company still in our rear. We have tolerable health in our camps this morning.” (Redd) “Wednesday morning, July 31st. We are encamped this morning 10 miles below fort Laramie on a beautiful bottom. The weather continues good. We had a birth in our camps last night. Sister Elizabeth Ann Rabel (wife of Henry Rabel) was delivered of a fine daughter and is doing well this morning. We have many Indians and Indian traders around us.” (Redd) (Elizabeth Holdaway Rabel is a sister of Shadrack Holdaway and step sister of Joseph Lunceford) “Thursday morning, August the 1st. We are camped this morning near Fort Laramie all safe over the Laramie fork and have only lost up to this time out of our camps 4 persons as we have mentioned and three head of cattle. We have fine weather and good health in our camps for which we feel thankful to the giver and preserved of the same.” (Redd) “Friday morning, the 2nd of August. We are encamped on the south bank of the west fork of the Platte above Fort Laramie. We have fine weather with the wind to the north. There is but very little complaint in our camps this morning.” (Redd) “Saturday morning, August the 3rd. We are encamped on Dead Timber Creek. Captain Roundy’s company is camped near us. He entered the Black Hills yesterday. We have fine weather and our camp’s in tolerable health through the tender mercies of God.” (Redd) “Sunday morning, August the 4th. We are encamped this morning about one mile above Heber Spring. We had it very sandy, rocky and hilly the most of the way yesterday. We still have fine weather.” (Redd) “Monday morning, August the 5th. We still are encamped at the same place as we lay by yesterday. We had a little rain yesterday but fine weather this morning. We are still blessed with tolerable health.” “Tuesday morning, August the 6th. We are encamped this morning on Small Creek where we have good water. We still have good weather and in tolerable condition.” (Redd) “Wednesday morning, August the 7th. We are encamped this morning on the La Boute, where we have plenty of creek water. We have had it very rough and rocky the most of the way through the Black Hills. We have nothing of importance this morning.” (Redd) “Thursday morning, August the 8th. We are still encamped on the bank of the La Boute as we lay by yesterday to rest our teams and fit up our wagons. We have some little complaint of sickness in our camps this morning. We still have good weather.” (Redd) “Friday morning, August the 9th. We are still encamped in the Black Hills supposed to be about 25 miles east of Deer Creek. Our camps seem a little improved in health this morning. Brothers Middletons division” (Redd) “Saturday morning, August the 10th. We are encamped on the Fauche Boise river 9 miles East of Deer Creek. Our camp is in tolerable health this morning and we still have fine weather.” (Redd) “Sunday morning, August the 11th. We are encamped this morning on the bank of the north fork of the Platte near where we descended out of the Black Hills. We had considerable hail yesterday. Our camp is in tolerable health except the whooping cough amongst the children. We have fine weather.” (Redd) “Monday morning, August the 12th. We are encamped this morning on the south bank of the Platte 2 miles west of Deer Creek. I have nothing of importance.” (Redd) “Tuesday morning, August the 13th. We are yet at the same place as we lay by yesterday and had a little rain. We still have not much of interest. Brother William Middleton has lost two of his cattle at this place.” (Redd) “Wednesday morning, August the 14th. We are still here at the same place. Brother R. Cobby has lost one of his cattle. Captain Pace went to visit Captain Bennett’s company who are encamped on Deer Creek. He finds them all well and in traveling condition.” (Redd) “Thursday morning, August the 15th. We are encamped on the south bank of Platte 3 ½ miles west of crooked Muddy Creek. We have not much of interest more than our camps are still enjoying good health through the tender mercies of God. We have found the road much better than we have anticipated.” (Redd) “Friday morning, August the 16th. We are still encamped at the same place as we lay by yesterday. We have nothing this morning. We have fine weather and good health.” (Redd) “Saturday morning, August the 17th. We are yet here but we expect to leave this morning. Brother Middleton has lost two cattle here and Brother Beck one. Captain Bennett’s company passed us yesterday and are encamped about four miles above. We still have fine weather and our company enjoying good health.” (Redd) “Sunday morning, August the 18th. We are encamped on the bank of the Platt near the upper ford and ferry. Captain Bennett’s company crossed last evening and are encamped on the opposite bank. Our camps are in tolerable health and condition and ready this morning for crossing. We had a meeting last night to give some instructions and to settle little controversies between Captain Pace and Captain Sessions as there had been some little misunderstanding between them a few days previous. After some reasoning on both sides I thought the matter seemed settled satisfactoral on both sides. We met the express from the valley yesterday about 10 o’clock 5 miles below this place. It is quite cloudy and likely for rain.” (Redd) “Monday morning, August the 19th. We are safe over the Platte and encamped on the river about 2 miles above the ferry where we have but little feed for our cattle and have a severe storm of cold wind and rain ever since last evening and still continues. We have lost in all up to this time 14 head of cattle, Brother James Pace 2, Brother William Middleton 7, Brother H. Oliver 1, Brother I. H. Tager 1, Brother R. Cobby 1, Sister Martha Wilcox (1), Brother John Haws 1.” (Redd) The remainder of Redd’s Journal is missing. “We were now getting into the mountains on this side of the Sweetwater River. Our wagons were loaded with machinery and our teams were just about given out. Our bread stuff was all used up except some whole corn which I made hominy of and we lived on this until we reached Salt Lake Valley in September, 1850.” (Lucinda Holdaway) Bennett’s group - “18th. Sunday, Cold and rainy. Took the left hand road or new route and camped on the Platte River bottom. This was the last camping place on the Platte.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “19th. Very wet and cold. Remained in camp.” (Duke) Probably the 19th or 20th, the Session’s group passed the Bennett’s Group. Bennett’s group - “20th. Traveled on to within two miles of Willow Springs.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “21st. 7 miles. Camped on a small creek to the left of the road.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “22nd. James and myself went to the Salerates Lakes and got a good supply of Salerates and camped on Sweet water.” (Duke) Bennett’s Group - “23rd. Some brethren went to hunt buffalo. James was among them but when he returned to camp this evening he was very sick, with Mountain Fever. He was sick nigh unto death.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “24th. Camped this night at Devil’s Gate.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “25th. Sunday. Remained in camp.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “26th. Camped on Sweet Water and crossed it twice.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “27th. Moved forward and camped on the Sweet Water at ford # 3. Here James was so ill that we tarried behind on the 28th to give him a lobelia ameta. Brother Richard Smith & family tarrying with us. We moved on in the evening 3 miles and camped with brother Riddle.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “29th. Traveled 7 miles and overtook the camp who were waiting for Brothers Bennett, James & Rufus Smith who had gone out the day before and not returned.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “30th. 18 miles. Camped on Sweet Water.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “31st. James continued very sick so we traveled in the rear of the company. Camped on Sweet Water.” Bennett’s group - “Sep. 1st. Traveled over the mountain and camped on the Sweet Water.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “2nd. Traveled behind the company. Brother Smith accompanying us.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “3rd. Stopped for the night where the camp made their noon halt. Brothers Stephens and Elisha Mallory staying with us. Passed Twin Mountains 1 mile and took the right hand road to find a camping place and found the camp on Sweet water so stayed with them.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “4th. Nooned at Pacific Springs and took the left hand road which was the new route and camped on a small to the left of the road. Feed good.” (Duke” Bennett’s group - “5th. Traveled 22 miles and camped on Big Sandy.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “6th. Crossed the creek near our camping place and struck the _____ in 2 miles. Drove 10 miles and camped on Big Sandy. Feed poor and sage for fuel.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “7th. 18 miles. Camped on Green River 1 mile above the ford. Here was James Pace’s 50.” Bennett’s group - “8th. Had meeting. Brother Pace called on me to open the meeting and speak to the people.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “9th. 20 miles. Camped on Black Fork.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “10th. Moved 15 miles up the creek.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “11th. 15 miles. Camped on Black Ford.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “12th. 15 miles. Camped opposite Fort Bridger.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “13th. Took the new route or right hand road and camped on a creek in a valley after coming down a steep decline.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “14th. 5 teams had the privilege of going ahead of the train because our teams were weak. Camped on Sulphur Creek.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “15th. Came up with the company on Bear River, but with the consent of the Captain, passed on and camped on Yellow Creek.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “16th. 10 miles. Camped in Echo Canyon where we were overtaken by the train.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “17th. Traveled with the train and camped on the fork of the Weber River.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “18th. Moved 6 miles. Camped on the Weber where Pace’s company were. Had a dance.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “19th. Camped this night on Canyon Creek.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “20th. Traveled 10 miles and camped.” (Duke) Bennett’s group - “21st. Lost many of our cattle and did not start until late. Got upon the mountain at sunset and had for the first time, a view of the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. We descended the mountain that night. It was quite dark before we got down, so camped 13 miles from Salt Lake City.” (Duke) The Sessions group probably entered the Salt Lake Valley on Sep. 21st. Bennett’s group - “22nd. We got into the Valley early in the afternoon and camped on the bench. If it had not been so misty we should have had a good view of the valley.” (Duke) In the 1850 census of Pottawatamie County, Iowa enumerated 26 Oct. 1850, Angeline was aged 8 in her parents’ home. Horace was 40 years of age and Eleanor was aged 35. The other children were Elizabeth aged 28, Clarissa aged 15, Sarah aged 23, Amos aged 10, Horace aged 6, Samuel aged 4 & Ester aged 2. In the 1850 census of Utah, taken in 1851, Joseph, aged 22, a farmer, was in Iron County, Utah and Samuel, aged 18, was in Utah County, Utah. Joseph was enumerated in Iron County because he was stationed there with the Nauvoo Legion. Joseph was in a company of foot riflemen commanded by Captain Edson Whipple in the Nauvoo Legion as a private recruited 19 Dec. 1850 from Payson in the Peteetneet sub-district. Sometime in February 1851, Joseph was rebaptized by Calvin Smith and reconfirmed a member of the Church sustaining the leaders of the Church in Palmyra. They were mustered out in Parowan in Iron County on August 2nd, 1851 by Major George A. Smith. They paraded at 7:30 on the Artillery Square, roll call, marched to the battalion line, drilled marched, address at some length by Major Smith on the importance of their military force over the territory over which they held control went through manual exercise, marched about the city and dismissed at the end of the day. Joseph had a musket, rifle and 75 rounds of ammunition. Captain Whipple's Company was also mustered out 29 Nov. 1851, 31 Jan. 1852 and 12 May 1852 in Parowan. Joseph had 1 rifle and 50 rounds of ammunition in November being from Parowan. Joseph in the January 1852 muster roll was listed as being from Payson with 1 rifle, 1/4 pound of rifle powder lead and 1/4 pounds of lead. In the May muster roll Joseph was from Peteetneet with 1/2 pound of rifle powder and 1/2 pound of lead. In 1852, William brought the rest of his family to Utah and settled in Palmyra, Utah County, Utah. In April or May 1853, the Palmyra Ward records show that Joseph was an Elder in the Church. The Skinners crossed the plains in the Captain John B. Walker Ox Train. The company was organized 25 June 1852. They crossed the Missouri River on June 30th. However, they did not all get together until July 3th in the evening. They left Kanesville, Iowa July 5, 1852 starting the trek west and arrived in the Great Salt Lake on 4 Oct. 1852. Although Angeline was only 8 years old, she walked most of the way. When the children got tired and asked if they could ride a little while, Horace would say "no" the oxen had enough to pull already and were tired too. When in camp, Angeline was always helpful with the chores and duties around the camp as her strength would permit. While crossing the plains on 28 Aug. 1852, possibly at Fort Laramie, Angeline was baptized a member of the Church at the age of 9 by Daniel Burbank. Angeline figured in an experience while crossing the plains that was probably scarier to her folks than to herself, because Angeline did not realize the danger she was in. One day after the march for the day was complete and while setting up camp near a stream of water, Angeline wandered away from the camp and was unable to find her way back. She became thirsty and very tired; therefore she got a drink of water from the stream and then laid down on the ground near the river to rest. It was getting dark and while she laid there, a big black bear came and laid down by her licking her face in the process. Angeline was unafraid as she thought it was a big black dog. Horace & Eleanor missed her turning the camp upside down to find her. Then the men got on horses to go find it. They decided that the one that found her would shoot his gun to let the rest know she was found. The men searching for her finally found her tracks and then feared for the worst at the bear tracts were also following her tracks. They thought that the bear had gotten Angeline. They finally found Angeline early the next morning after 12 hours of searching. Angeline told them about the big black dog that slept with her but had left before they came and fount her asleep. The men told her that it had been a big black grizzly bear with all of the tracts around her. Upon reaching Salt Lake and resting for 10 days, making necessary repairs, the wagon train then headed South. Upon reaching Lehi, Brother Tayes' wagon broke down and the Skinners stayed behind to help as the rest of the wagon train went to Tooele. It took longer to make the repairs than anticipated and they ran out of provisions. So the two men walked back to Salt Lake for supplies. As they were returning, they met Brother George A. Smith, a friend of Horace's back in Nauvoo. Because of the encounter and ensuing conversation, Horace heeded the council of Brother Smith and with to Provo with his family. Angeline with the other children told how they watched for the wagons hauling supplies to Salt Lake City. The teamsters knowing that they had very little to eat would stop sometimes and throw out squash and potatoes or whatever they had. This make the children very happy to go out and pick up the things. The children of these early days in Provo had to do the work of grown-ups. Angeline often went into the grain fields and gleaned wheat in order that they might have some flour for bread. Angeline was able to go to school for only about 3 years in Provo. Her teacher was Charles D. Evans of the Provo 3rd Ward. The Skinner family first lived at the Corner of 5th West and 1st North in Provo. Later they moved to the center of the next block between 5th West and 6th West on 2nd North. They were members of the Provo 3rd Ward. Joseph's grandmother, Nancy Judy Lunceford Biggs, died 9 Dec. 1852 in St. Clair County, Illinois. In her will she left Joseph $50, but he had to come back personally to get the money, otherwise forget it. It appears that Nancy still had bitter or hurt feelings about them joining the Mormon faith and/or going to Utah. Col. Conover of Provo with a company of the Nauvoo Legion from Provo, traveling South stopped at Palmyra (also at Payson & Spanish Fork) asking for volunteers to join him. Major Markham & 16 others from Palmyra, including Joseph, Samuel & William T. Lunceford joined him to defend the settlements south of them not provided with sufficient guard from the Indians. They went as far South as Manti. The muster roll of Sep. 3, 1853 of Major Stephen Markham's Battalion Volunteer Cavalry of the Nauvoo Legion of Utah volunteers commanded by Colonel George A. Smith, an apostle, mustered in Palmyra for an expedition against the Utah Indians in Iron County Utah in the Walker Indian War. According to the muster roll, Joseph, Samuel and William T. Lunceford were mustered in on July 19th. Joseph and Samuel were privates and William was a Bugler. Joseph had a horse, 1 powder horn, 1 pound of powder and 1/2 pound of lead. The pay roll of Colonel Markham's Cavalry records they were activated for 34 days of services, from July 23rd to 25 August 1853. Joseph was paid a total of $85. Joseph was listed as a corporal in the company commanded by Colonel Stephen Markham, Bishop of the Palmyra Ward. Evidently he was promoted from private to a corporal shortly after they volunteered. At this time, Joseph's physical features were 5' 7", dark eyes, black hair, dark complexion and he was a farmer. In 1854 the grasshoppers were bad in Utah Valley. But in 1855, the grasshoppers were overwhelming. The sky was literally black with insects. The insects seemed to wait until the people planted again and returned to devour the second crops. Women and children took blankets, etc. into the fields to beat the grain and save a little for themselves. That year, as an answer to prayer, a saccharine substance fell on the leaves of the trees. This substance was gathered from the trees and boiled to make sugar. Not only was the harvest bad, grain was scarce and expensive. The winter of 1855/56 was an extremely difficult one for residents in Utah Valley. Patriarch Isaac Morley gave Joseph his Patriarchal Blessing 26 February 1855. Isaac Morley is mentioned by name in the Doctrine & Covenants (D&C 52:23 & 64:15-16,20 & indirectly in 41:7). Joseph's father, William, left Utah going to California to El Dorado County (the California gold rush area) probably in 1855 but before 1856. Joseph, Samuel and William Trent continued to stay in Utah. They probably relocated in Spanish Fork in 1855 when the rest of the family left. Brigham Young advised the pioneers to abandon Palmyra which was done in 1856 According to a family tradition and a letter written by Angeline Skinner, William had a store. Joseph worked as a clerk in the store in addition to farm work. In the 1856 census of Utah, Joseph is listed twice in Salt Lake 6th Ward between Jan. 31 - Feb. 14, 1856 (which is incorrect as there was a lot of padding in an attempt to gain statehood) and correctly in the Spanish Fork Ward between Feb. 4-21, 1856. In 1856 after the poor harvest, the handcart immigrants came into Salt Lake and Provo with no food for themselves. The settlers had a difficult time sustain the immigrants. There was a great deal of hunger and suffering that year. The Church leaders felt a rededication to the Lord would help improve the trying circumstances. They initiated a new reformation in the autumn of 1856, including in Provo. People were re-baptized in a motion of commitment or recommitment to God and their Church. A muster roll of Captain Matthew Caldwell's company C of cavalry in the second subdivision of the Peteetneet Military District of the Nauvoo Legion organized 20 Apr. 1857, Joseph and Samuel were privates in the second platoon. The second subdivision of the Peteetneet Military District extended from the South line of Springville City to the South line of Spanish Fork. The muster roll of Company B of the Calvary Regiment of the Nauvoo Legion commanded by Captain Matthew Caldwell mustered in Spanish Fork on June 15, 1857, Joseph was a private. Joseph had 1 horse, a bridle and saddle, 1 pound of powder and 1/4 pound of lead. Samuel is listed having gone to California. In July 1857 Samuel left Utah and went to California to help his father and family move from El Dorado County, California along with other members of the Church to San Bernardino County, another Mormon colony. Samuel arrived there August 14th. Then on the muster roll of 5 Sep. 1857 of Company H, 4th Battalion, first Regiment, commanded by Captain Matthew Caldwell was mustered in the 2nd subdivision of Peteetneet 15 July 1857. They were stationed at Spanish Fork on that date. Joseph is a private in the 2nd platoon mustered in 20 Apr. 1857 from Spanish Fork by Aaron Johnson. He had 1 rifle, 1/4 pound of powder and 1/2 pound of lead. Brother William Trent Lunceford had enlisted Apr. 15, 1857 at Provo by P. W. Cownover serving in Company H of the 3rd Platoon and in Company B of the 1st Platoon of the Nauvoo Legion. He was mustered into actual service Sep. 7th under Capt. Joseph Clark to join the command of Col. James W. Cummings on the plains agreeable to special orders from Lt. General Daniel H. Wells. Also in 1857, no date given but probably between April to September, Joseph is listed in the descriptive roll of the 4th Battalion, 2nd Regiment commanded by A. Cunningham in the 5th group of 10 in the 1st group of 50. He was from the Spanish Fork Ward. Joseph went to the Endowment House in Salt Lake City on 17 February 1858 and received his own endowments. Father Lunceford had sold his property in California. His wife Mary & 3 daughters traveled with the Saints to San Bernardino and then to Utah in 1857. Mary & girls probably arrived the boys in Spanish Fork in January 1858. It is possible William arrived shortly thereafter. He had stayed in El Dorado County, California until he sold their property on Dec. 7th, 1857. In 1858 Johnson's Army and the new governor arrived in Utah. 30,000 people migrated southward to Provo to camp there. When Brigham Young finished negotiations the end of June with the new governor, people returned to their homes in Salt Lake. However, the feed had all been eaten off by the cattle. The flies were bad tormenting the cattle. Probably the summer of 1858 or possibly 1859, William returned to California settling in San Bernardino County. All his children went except Joseph & Samuel. Sometime between 1858 -1860, probably when his father moved to California, Joseph and Samuel moved to Provo. In the 1860 census of Provo, Angeline is listed as aged 16 with her parents Horace aged 51 & Eleanor aged 46. Others living at home besides Angeline were Amos aged 18, Joseph aged 14, Samuel aged 12, Ester Jane aged 10 & Alonzo aged 8. At the age of 31, Joseph gave up bachelorhood and married Angeline, aged 17, the daughter of Horace Billings Skinner and Eleanor Cease (Seas). The marriage ceremony was performed by Bishop Jonathan O. Duke, of the Provo First Ward, on 18 October 1860 in Provo. Ester Jane, in 1860/61 when she was only 11 years old, used to tease her sister, Angeline, saying that she was going to marry her husband. Joseph and Angeline made their home in Provo. Angeline had blue eyes and light colored hair. In 1860 most of Johnson's army left Camp Floyd and Utah. The winter of 1861/62 was unusually mild. But the people of Provo suffered for want of fuel as Provo Lake did not freeze over. The roads were muddy and washed out. Therefore their access to the other side of the Provo Lake to get Juniper Wood for firewood upon which they heavily depended was extremely difficult. Their first child was a girl, Rawsey Angeline, born 20 Aug. 1862 in Provo. Rawsey was blessed in Jan. 1863 by William Nuttall and died shortly after her first birthday 18 Sep. 1863. Shortly after the death of Rawsey, Angeline had a dream in which she was told that in about 15 years she would have something happen to her, and that she would almost lose her life. But through the power of the Priesthood, she would be saved. This happened in Aug. 1878. In 1863 a voluntary 3% levy was made to the people in Provo to help in building the Provo Meeting House that had started in 1852, but had progressed very slowly. As a result, the building was completed in 1867. Their first son was born 7 Aug. 1864 in Provo. The child was named after his father and grandfather, Joseph William Lunceford. He was blessed by Bishop Tanner in 1866. In a letter to her daughter, Angeline states that Joseph served in both the Tintic War and the Black Hawk War. Service in the Tintic War has not yet been verified. The Tintic War only lasted a few days, being caused by renegade Ute Indians under Chief Tintic in Feb. 1856 on the west side of Lake Utah in Cedar Valley. The Indians had started stealing cattle from the herds in the vicinity and killed 2 herdsman. The deputy U. S. Marshall enlisted a posse of about 40 men. They encountered Chief Tintic with shots exchanged and several wounded and killed on both sides. Joseph and Angeline were later sealed to each other for time and eternity on 25 February 1865 in the Endowment House by Apostle George Q. Cannon. In the 1865 assessment rolls of Utah County, Joseph is listed in Provo with land valued at $100. He had 2 cows, valued at $50 and one swine valued at $5. Joseph is listed in the Muster Roll of Company C, 4th Battalion, 1st Regiment of Infantry, Provo Military District, commanded by Captain Martin W. Mills in the 3rd Platoon. They were mustered into service Oct. 25th, 26th & 27th 1865 in Provo City for probably 3 days of drill and inspection. Joseph is listed as a Private from Provo. He had l US Yanger, 1 pound of power and 1 pound of lead. Joseph and his brother in law, Samuel Skinner, fought in the Black Hawk War in South Central Utah. They are listed in the muster roll of Captain Martin W. Mills Company, 2nd Battalion, 1st Regiment of Infantry, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division of the Nauvoo Legion in the 2nd platoon. Joseph was a private mustered into service on 10 May 1866 from Provo by Col. Leonard J. Nuttall. Joseph served until they were disbanded on 24 Oct. 1866, a total of 167 days. Joseph served for 8 days guard duties detached from his Unit as did Samuel Skinner. This was probably in May or possibly June. Joseph had a rifle and 60 pounds of powder. Shortly before they were discharged, they were at Camp Wells in Provo on 18 Oct. 1866 for 3 days of drill and inspection. They are in Captain Martin W. Mills Company C of the 1st Battalion, 1st Regiment, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division. Joseph is listed as a private with a rifle. Their third child, John Hyrum Lunceford, was born 26 Nov. 1866 in Provo. He was blessed by George A. Smith. John was the first of their children to be born "in the covenant." In 1867 the Provo Bench canal was started. The canal was completed in 1869. Water from this canal was important for the Lake View area for farmers to develop the land and grow crops there. Angeline received her patriarchal blessing from John Smith, the patriarch of the Church, on 10 Feb. 1868 in Provo. Her blessing said she was of the lineage of Ephraim. In 1868, Brigham Young called Joseph and Angeline into his office in Salt Lake City and told them that it was the Lord's will that Joseph take a plural wife. Family tradition says that Brigham Young asked Angeline if she had any preference for Joseph's plural wife. Angeline said that if she had to share Joseph with somebody that she would prefer it to be with her sister, Esther Jane Skinner. It was on 5 January 1869, that Joseph married Ester Jane Skinner, aged 19, in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City. The marriage was performed by Daniel H. Wells. When Angeline was raising her family, she had a lot of corn meal mush with milk on it and sorghum as a sweetener and fried corn meal mush for supper. They had corn meal all the time and when they got a sack of white flour to make white bread, it was a treat. To provide variety and change in their diet for her family, Angeline when she was first married to Joseph, walked to Rock Canyon with many other women where they picked wild berries. These wild berries were dried. But if they had honey or sugar at home, then the wild berries were made into preserves. Angeline had a vision at a time they had very little in the house to eat and she was very worried because the flour was so nearly gone. In this vision she was told that she would live to be over 80 years old and that neither she nor her children would ever want for bread. Angeline would bear testimony to this fact that they never did go without. Like all pioneer women, Angeline had a mania for picking up every piece of wood that might make a fire. One day she was on her way to pick strawberries when she saw a stick lying on the ground. She was about to pick it up when something seemed to say, "let it alone." Angeline passed by a short distance, then turned around and came back and took hold of it. As she did so, something pricked her finger. She could not tell what it was and did not think anymore about it at the time going on to the strawberry patch. She began picking berries but was forced to quit on account of the pain in her hand. Angeline went home and sent for the doctor. Her hand became to bad that the doctor wanted to cut the finger off. But through the prayers of the Elders Angeline was saved from that misfortune. However, the doctor had cut the cord in the bottom of the finger and it would not straighten out anymore after this. But Angeline carried on as before. Another similar incident was when Angeline picked up a stick to drive a pig back into the pen from which it came. She did not notice it was a thorny locust limb and it stuck in her finger. Angeline did not take care of the finger and an infection and probably gangrene set in. The finger became bad but again the Elders administered to her and she was soon okay again. About 1868, Joseph started thinking about moving out of Provo City. On 31 May 1869 Joseph made a homestead application (# 414) in the land office in Salt Lake City for 160 acres, being the north half of the south west quarter and the south half of the north west quarter of section 27 in township 6 South Range 2 East and paid the fee of $16.00. This land was on the north side of the river, area then known as the Bench in Provo Third Ward boundaries. It later became known as Lake View. Joseph was an early settler of the Lake View area. The land was in a sandy and swampy section of Lake View. They lived on the land during in the farming season but continued to live in Provo in the winter until about 1881. Lake View became a farming community with the Wasatch Mountains on the East with the towering peaks of Mt. Timpanogos overlooking the valley and Utah Lake on the West. Joseph's & Angeline's next child was born 21 Oct. 1869 in Provo. They named her Martha Eleanor. She was blessed 2 Dec. 1869 by David John in the Provo 3rd Ward. A month later Joseph & Ester Jane's first child, Elizabeth Ester was born 17 Nov. 1869 in Provo who was blessed 6 Jan. 1870 by David John. In the 1870 assessment rolls of Utah County, Joseph is listed in Provo having land valued at $150. He had 1 cow valued at $25 plus $25 of other taxable property not enumerated. Mary Ann was born 8 Oct. 1871 in Provo. She was Ester Jane's second child. Mary Ann was blessed 2 May 1872 by J. T. Arrowsmith in the Provo 3rd Ward. One time when Joseph and Angeline were getting ready to go to the Endowment House to do temple work for some of their kindred dead, Angeline had a "visitation." Nancy Judy Lunceford, who was dead, came to Angeline and said, "I hear you are going to the Temple." Angeline answered, "Yes, if nothing happens to prevent it." Nancy said, "I want you to promise to be baptized and endowed for me and have the same thing done for my husband, George." Angeline described the personage to Joseph and he said that he must have been his grandmother. In the 1871 and 1872 assessment rolls of Utah County, Joseph is listed in Provo having land valued at $150. He had 1 cow valued at $25, 1 swine valued at $5, 1 clock or watch valued at $5 and $20 of other taxable property not enumerated. So on 22 May 1872, Joseph & Angeline went to the Endowment House and did temple work for many of their kindred dead, including George and Nancy Judy Lunceford; Robert and Elizabeth Robertson. Joseph also had a "Sarah Walker" sealed to him at this time with Angeline being her proxy. It is not presently known who Sarah Walker was, but she probably was a relative of Joseph's mother. Angeline gave birth to her fifth child, a daughter, Emma Almeda on 19 Jan. 1873 in Provo. Emma was blessed 5 June 1873 by J. T. Arrowsmith in the Provo 3rd Ward. Also in 1873, Mary Ann, Ester Jane's daughter, died 14 May 1873 at the age of 1 1/2 years. Ester Jane’s first son was born 16 Nov. 1873 in Provo. They named him David Hyrum. However, he only lived a few months and died 24 Mar. 1874. In 1873 the train line from Salt Lake City to Provo was complete. It passed through the Lake View area to get to the City of Provo. Joseph made the final affidavit on 5 Sep. 1874 for the homestead claim and received his final certificate (# 252) then. He build a 16' x 20' home with floor, 1 room, 2 doors and 2 windows which he states was a comfortable house to live in. He had built 50 rods of fencing, a corral, stockyard, water ditches and planted an orchard all being worth $700. Joseph built two homes, one for each of his families in Lake View being approximately 1 mile apart. He built a large log cabin with only a dirt floor for Angeline and then an adobe home for Esther Jane. Joseph and Ester Jane's fourth child was born 19 Apr. 1875 in Lake View. They named her Cynthia Melvina. She was blessed by Bishop Myram Tanner on 29 Aug. 1875. This child also lived only a short time, 5 months, dying 31 Aug. 1875. In 1876, Joseph sold 70 acres of land to Christian Jeppersen, Sr. Water for Joseph's property came from the Provo Bench Canal which came down the big hollow. But Joseph had to carry drinking water from a spring in Cherry Hill Pasture, which was quite a distance away. In the 1876 assessment rolls of Utah County, Joseph was enumerated in Provo with his land valued at $250. He had 4 cattle valued at $85, 1 swine valued at $5, 1 vehicle valued at $10 and $35 of taxable property not enumerated. In the 1877 rolls his property was valued at $300, but he had only 3 cattle valued at $85. Angeline's next child, Hannah Elizabeth, was born 20 July 1876 in Lake View. Sometime in 1878 she was blessed by Bishop Peter Madsen. The month previous, Ester Jane gave birth to a daughter, Ellen Arminda on 25 June 1876 in Lake View. Ellen was blessed 1 Mar. 1877 by Bishop Myram Tanner in the Provo 3rd Ward. In Sep. 1876 Angeline had a vision about her father-in-law's death. Angeline had never met Joseph's father. As Angeline was coming in from the barn with the milk, a light appeared in front of her and the funeral procession was passing in review. Then she told Joseph that his father was dead, described the horses and the whole procession. She also said that the procession drove a long way with him. Joseph would not believe it. Later, they received a letter sometime after telling of William's death. William died 6 Sep. 1876. Sometime later a sister-in-law came from California to visit them. She repeated almost the same things that Angeline had said. So vivid was the manifestation that she said if it had been possible for her to have gone to California that she could have gone directly to the spot where he was buried. In Angeline's log cabin, Joseph had built a large fire using lace and sage brush for fuel. One time when the fire had died down to a few coals, Joseph had no matches; so he tried to start it up by pouring a few drops of coal oil out of a can onto the coals. The can exploded and flew under the four post bed and Joseph was thrown against one of these bed post, not injured, but wondering what had happened. In the 1878 assessment rolls, Joseph has 30 acres in Section 27 valued at $225 plus household furniture valued at $10. He has 4 cattle valued at $50, 1 swine valued at $5, 1 vehicle valued at $10 plus $10 of property not enumerated. In the 1879 assessment rolls, he is listed in the Provo 3rd/4th Ward with a town lot valued at 150 & 30 acres in Section 27 valued at 4300 plus 4 cattle valued at $75. The first of Joseph's children to be baptized were Joseph William, aged 13, and John Hyrum, aged 11, on 15 June 1878 by Bishop Peter Madsen. They were both confirmed by Bishop Madsen. On Aug. 29th, 1878, just 15 years and 11 days after Angeline's dream that something would happen to her at this time, it did. Angeline went to the funeral of Thomas Ingelfield. Her 6th child was just two years old at this time. Angeline had a feeling that if she took the child along that something would happen and the child might be killed. So as she passed her sister's home, she took the baby in and told her sister of the strange feeling she had, leaving the baby with her. As they were returning from the funeral, and was near the corner of 3rd South and 7th East in Provo, Angeline became faint and fell out of the wagon under the wagon wheel. The back wheel of the wagon ran over her chest and shoulder. The driver of the wagon behind them tried to stop his horses, but they became frightened and gave a lunge and over of the horses stepped on her hand, and the wheel of this wagon also passed over her shoulder. There were 15 people in the wagon at the time. Angeline was taken into a house nearby and Dr. Pike was sent for. When he arrived and saw what condition Angeline was in, he said, "Let her die in peace, she can't possibly live more than 12 hours." Dr. Pike went away without even setting the broken bones. Angeline's husband and father were there and were certain the doctor was correct. They took Angeline to her father's home in Provo as it was closer than home. All those around her were thinking that she would surely die, and were planning what they would do with the children. Angeline had been listening to what they were saying and it struck her funny that she began to laugh. She said, "Don't bother about the children, I will get well and raise them myself." When her father, Horace, came into the room feeling in very low spirits, Angeline told him she would get better if he would send for the Elders. So David John, Samuel Jones, Albert Jones and Bishop John Johnson came and administered to her. Brother John promised her in the blessing that she would get well. When Dr. Pike came the next day, he was greatly surprised to hear that she had no pain. She laid 12 days before the doctor finally set the broken arm and other bones. But the doctor had waited so long to set the bones, that the bones never properly healed and she had trouble with her shoulders all her life. Before 1879, Joseph had an ox team, named Tom & Jerry, to toil the land in his farm work. One of Joseph's main crops was potatoes. In 1879, Joseph acquired a team of horses named Prince and Dock to take the place of the oxen. Prince was a large raw-boned bay who had to have a twisted bit in his mouth to hold him back, while Dock, a strawberry road, was as lazy as could be. On 16 Jan. 1879 Wilford was born in Lake View, being the sixth child of Ester Jane. Wilford was blessed 1 May 1879. Two months later, Sarah Caroline was born 3 Apr. 1879 in Lake View. Sarah, the seventh child of Angeline, was blessed on 1 May 1879 by Bishop Peter Madsen. On 25 May 1879, Martha Eleanor was baptized a member of the Church by Bishop Peter Madsen and confirmed the same day by Mads Jorgensen. Early 1879 when Sarah was born, Joseph was ill with pneumonia, he became faint. They had a open wood burning fire place in the bedroom. Joseph fell and was knocked unconscious and his foot went into the blaze. Joseph William, aged 14, tried to pull him free from the fire but was too young to move him, so he grabbed a log and scraped the fire back from Joseph. Then he ran to his uncle's home to have him come save his father from being burned alive. They ran back together to the house. They found Joseph had his whole shoe and sock on one foot burned off, but from where his garments touched his legs he was protected and not burnt. He was only burned on the foot from the ankle down; his garments nor his clothes were not even scorched. Yet the area where his belt was, it was burned into. Joseph was ill for 3 months and was left partially crippled. Joseph bore testimony that his garments were truly a protection to the body. In the 1879/80 Utah directory & Gazetter, Joseph was listed in the section for Provo as a Laborer. In the 1880 census, Joseph and both families are listed in the Provo City Precinct. Joseph was listed as aged 50, a farmer with Angeline, aged 36. Their children were Joseph, aged 15, John, aged 13, Martha aged 10, Emma aged 7, Hannah aged 3 & Sarah aged 1. Joseph, John & Martha had attended school within the past year. Joseph was listed as aged 52, a farmer with Ester, aged 31. Their children were Elizabeth, aged 11, Ellen, aged 4 & Wilford aged 1. One time Joseph had some money in his pocket. Angeline told him to put it in his coin purse or he would lose it. But Joseph said it was okay where it was and he would not loose it. That evening when he came back into the house, sure enough, the money was gone and lost. During a serious illness, Angeline was shown the Spirit World. She saw two large gates that were closed. She was in the company of her sister. Her sister was allowed to go through the gates, but Angeline attempted to enter and she was told that she could not go in yet as her work here was not finished. Angeline had done temple work for her own kindred dead and also for Joseph's ancestors; but she always thought that there was more she could do. About 1881 the Luncefords made Lake View their homes year round. The land was swampy and had to be drained. Their son, John dug the ditches and laid the tile lines to drain the land. Joseph and Angeline gave him 3 acres of land for his work. John then hired out to others in the Lake View area and laid tile lines for them also. On 15 May 1881 Emma Almeda was baptized by Mads Peter Madsen and confirmed by Bishop Peter Madsen the same day. Alma, the next child of Ester Jane's was born 24 Mar. 1882 in Lake View. That same year, Angeline gave birth to her youngest daughter, Annie. She was born 27 Aug. 1882 in Lake View. During the diphtheria epidemic about 1883, Angeline was all over the community ministering to the sick and bereaved people wherever there was a need for help. She was beloved by all whom knew her. Angeline worked as a nurse with various doctors on maternity cases and while nursing the mother and baby, took over the care of the other children in the family and the housework and kept the home running smooth and orderly. When she entered a home where there was illness, she spread a feeling that things were not as bad as they seemed. People, despite being ill, felt better when she was around. Elizabeth Ester and Ellen Arminda were both baptized members of the Church on 24 Aug. 1884 by John Madsen. Elizabeth was confirmed by Lars Jacobsen and Ellen by Niels Larsen the same day. George Horace was born 6 Oct. 1884 in Lake View. He was the youngest of 8 children born to Joseph and Ester Jane. George and Alma were both blessed on 5 Mar. 1885. Alma was blessed by Peter Madsen and George by Mads Jorgensen. One day early spring 1886 Joseph announced they were going to build a bigger home. Everyone was thrilled and were willing workers. They used their own soil to make adobe brick. Joseph Jr. worked for a Mr. Bunnell and was paid for his labor by lumber instead of money. The lumber was used for the home. John & Sarah made the adobe brick, but they hired a man to lay the brick for them. It took all summer to make enough brick to make a house with two big rooms. It was a day of celebration when they moved in. They built a 2 room brick house with a pit for storing the potatoes, carrots, etc. under the bedroom floor with a trap door from the bedroom for access to the food. Joseph's homes were in this wilderness of sand dunes, sage brush and swamps. Later Angeline also had a drain ditch built just north of her house and she used it for washing, mopping, doing the dishes, bathing, etc. Angeline never had water piped into her house. So up to the time of her death, Water had to be carried from her friend and neighbor's spring. Joseph's and Angeline's youngest child, their ninth, was born 3 Oct. 1886 in Lake View. They named him Alonzo. Joseph did give Alonzo a child's blessing. Alonzo was the only child for whom Joseph did bless. He also did not baptize any of this children. The first of Joseph's children to get married was Joseph William. He married on 4 Feb. 1887 Mary Cordner in Orem (then called Provo Bench). They were married by Bishop Peter M. Wentz of the Timpanogos Ward. In 1887 Martha, aged 17, and Hannah, aged 11, would carry a large basket of eggs or butter and deliver it to the store in Provo, then go to work for people doing housework. Later a couple in Provo wanted to adopt Hannah, but Joseph and Angeline would not consider this. Later Hannah also worked in a millinery shop when she was 14. When Hannah was 15, she went to Salt Lake and worked in the home of one of Brigham Young's son and another prominent family, Mrs. Ruth Mae Fox. In 1887, the United States Congress passed the Edmund Tuckers Act in regards to polygamy. A complaint was filed on Mar. 2, 1887 and a warrant for the arrest of Joseph was issued the same day for unlawful cohabitation which was served on Mar. 22nd. On these same dates subpoenas were issued and served for Angeline and Ester Jane. Joseph entered a plea of "Not Guilty" and waived examination. Amos Skinner and Samuel Pratt posted bond also on March 22nd in the amount of $800 bail for Joseph. Bond was also posted in the amount of $200 each for Angeline and Ester Jane to appear in Court in Provo on 19 Sep. 1887. 21 Sep. 1887 Angeline and Ester Jane were served with subpoenas to appear before the grand jury the next day. There are no papers in the case file of court being held Sep. 22nd though. Again on 17 Feb. 1888 subpoenas were issued to Angeline and Ester Jane to appear in Court on Mar. 7th. On March 7th, 1888 the grand jury presented an indictment again against Joseph for unlawful cohabitation. Joseph presented himself in Court and pleaded guilty to the indictment. Angeline and Ester Jane were examined by the Grand Jury also on the 7th. Sentencing was scheduled for March 24th. On Saturday 24 March 1888, in the First District Court of Provo, Joseph was sentenced 6 months in prison for unlawful cohabitation (polygamy) and fined $50 plus court costs of prosecution of $47.20 (being $30.70 marshal's fees, $6.70 clerk's fees and $10 attorney's docket fee). On September 24, 1888 Joseph was discharged from the penitentiary having served his 6 months. Joseph had served the statutory 30 days in place of the fine and courts costs of $97.20, therefore being exempt from payment under the law. Sometime during the 1880's, Samuel Judy Lunceford, Joseph's brother came from California and lived with them until his death in 1889. The children first attended school in Provo. Then when there was a school in Lake View, they went to school there for what schooling they had. Hannah attended school until the 5th grade and Annie was able to attend school until the 3rd grade due to their father's health and then death. Sarah tells that the family had 4 cows and she used to herd them for Joseph and Angeline. Martha Eleanor went to Park City to work and here she met a young miner named John Fitzgerald. They were married on 14 Aug. 1889 at the courthouse in Coalville, Summit County by Thomas Ball, the Justice of the Peace. The marriage did not work out and they were divorced shortly thereafter. Martha came home to have her child, Joseph Alvin, who was born 6 Jan. 1890 in Provo. Joseph Alvin had blue eyes and light colored hair. On 28 June 1890 Hannah Elizabeth and Sarah Caroline were both baptized members of the Church by Andrew Madsen and confirmed by H. J. Zobell. In 1892 Martha and Emma both worked in Salt Lake City. They saved enough money to give to Joseph and Angeline to get wire to fence their property. John cut down the trees and made the posts and fenced in their property. Sarah says she did not have to herd cows anymore. Instead she then plowed and cultivated. Joseph had rheumatic fever and unable to do much. Joseph William used to come and help sew the grain and harvest it. Sarah says she would get the wagon, go off to chop mahogany for fire wood and also railroad tied and haul them by wagon loads home as they could not afford to buy coal. Sarah also recalls some of the hard times they had growing up. One year she had to miss several months of school because she did not have a pair of shoes. Also another year she could not afford to buy all the books and was able to use two of her friends books. She and her sisters each had one dress and would have to wash and iron them each day in order to wear them to school clean the next day. Three of Joseph's children, Annie, Wilford & Alma were baptized on 24 July 1892 in the Provo River in Lake View by H. J. Zobell. Annie was confirmed by Mads Jorgensen and Wilford was confirmed by John Johnson. Martha went to Salt Lake City to work. She placed her son, Joseph Alvin with John & Angeline while she worked. When young Joseph was old enough to realize everyone else in the house was a Lunceford, he took the Lunceford name. Martha did work hard to help provide for her son. Joseph had been a ward teacher in the Church for many years before his death and did farming for his occupation all his life. The first of Ester Jane's children to get married was Elizabeth Ester on 13 Dec. 1894 in the Salt Lake Temple to John Hick. The last of Joseph's children to get married before he died was John Hyrum on 11 Mar. 1895 to Malvina Josephine Charlotte Hansen in Provo by Bishop Peter M. Wentz of the Timpanogos Ward. John was 5’5” tall; blue eyes and dark hair. His chest size later in life was 40”. Joseph and Angeline taught their children how to work, to be honest, to be kind to others, to go to church, to pay their tithing, things that would make them a good husband/father or wife/mother. Joseph had been sick before he died and was not able to really handle everything in his homes for several years. As a result, his wives had a lot of responsibility rested upon them in the raising of their families and the tilling of the crops. On Friday 20 June 1895, at the age of 67, Joseph died in Lake View at his home with Angeline at 9:30 A.M. of pneumonia. He was buried the next day, 21 June 1895 in the Provo City Cemetery. Joseph and Angeline were the parents of 9 children raising 7 of them with two dying young. They had 3 sons and 6 daughters. Joseph and Ester Jane were the parents of 8 children, being 4 sons and 4 daughters, but three of these children died young also. Therefore in total, Joseph had 17 children whom called him father. Out of a wilderness of sand dunes, sage brush and swamp, Angeline molded the lives and wrought the livelihood for her children. She was left a widow rather young (aged 51). Also with Joseph's illness the last couple of years of his life, a lot more responsibility fell on her shoulders. Just a couple of months after his father's death, Alonzo was baptized a member of the Church and confirmed on 4 Aug. 1895 by Andrew Madsen. Angeline was a relief society teacher for over 40 years until the last few years of her life when she got feeble. She helped take care of those who were sick or in need. Angeline was a woman, who upon entering a home where there was illness, spread a feeling that things were not as bad as they seemed. Whoever was ill felt better with her present. Angeline worked as a nurse with various doctors on maternity cases and while nursing the mother and baby, took over the care of the other children in the family, the housework, and kept the home running smoothly and orderly. Angeline stated that many times she went walking clear up to Provo Bench with her youngest in her arms when she had some of the family or a relative ill. She was not afraid, despite coyotes and wolves in the hills. Angeline always had a lot of faith and trust in the Lord. Angeline also taught a primary class and a special religion class which was held once a week. She knew the gospel and was a good teacher. Everyone loved her. Angeline always paid an honest tithe and fast offering to her death. She was very strict and prompt in paying her tithing. This always came first. A special cause came up once and the Church wanted all the eggs that the chickens laid on Sunday. These few Sundays that they collected eggs were called "Egg Sunday." Angeline would gather her eggs on Saturday noon and she would wait until noon Monday to gather the eggs. She did this to be sure that she got all of the eggs that the chickens laid on Sunday. Angeline loved to walk, even when she was old. She would never wear shoes, but she also did not go barefooted. She wore tall socks, and when these socks wore holes in them, she would pull them down and start from there. Angeline also had a horse and a buggy. She loved to take a buggy ride daily. She loved animals and raised her own cattle, horses and pigs. Angeline carded, spun and knitted. She was an outstanding cook, making excellent jams, jellies, bread, cottage cheese, pies, etc. Angeline would always visit the sick and would take them something. She would see that everything was in good shape when she left. She was very charitable often sharing her last pound of flour with them. The next child to get married was Emma Almeda Lunceford to Lewis Lorenzo Burningham on 28 Sep. 1896. They were married by John L. Nuttall, Jr., Justice of the Peace in Lake View. Emma had blue eyes and light colored hair. Alonzo, the youngest of Angeline's children died 8 May 1897 at the age of 10 of pneumonia at their home in Lake View. Alonzo weighed 60 pounds, had blue eyes and brown hair. Martha Eleanor married secondly 16 Aug. 1897 Franklin Arthur Burningham. Martha and Frank went to the Salt Lake Temple a few months later on 9 Mar. 1898 and were sealed to each other. Joseph Alvin was baptized on 10 July 1898 by Bishop Andrew Madsen and confirmed by Peter Madsen. Ellen Arminda married in the Salt Lake Temple Andrew Elof Lofgran on 15 Feb. 1899. On 28 Feb. 1900 Hannah Elizabeth married Lewis Hans Olsen in the Salt Lake Temple. In the 1900 census of Lake View, Angeline was aged 56, a widow. Living with her were Sarah, aged 21, Annie aged 17 and her grandson Joseph aged 10. Ester Jane was aged 50, a widow and her children at home were Wilford, aged 21, Alma, aged 18 and George aged 15. On 23 July 1900, Phoebe Jane Skinner, who had married Thomas Flynn died. She was the only daughter of Joseph Horace Skinner, a brother of Angeline. Her children were then separated and Angeline raised one of the children, Joseph Flynn who was born about 1896. Annie got married on 8 Jan. 1902 to Joseph Samuel Wheeler at Springville by George Ed Anderson. Annie had blue eyes and brown hair. Throughout her life, Angeline knew if something was going to happen. She had dreams and knew about deaths that were to take place in the family. She was able to comfort those who had suffered the loss of their loved ones. Angeline could almost see through a person. Angeline had a dream that her daughter, Martha, would have twins and the twins would die and her daughter in law, Malvina would have a son, Marion, who would also die. Both of these dreams happened in Jan. 1904. Alma married 17 Sep. 1904 Sarah Ann Randell in Provo. They were married by Judge Joseph E. Booth. On 4 Jan. 1905 Sarah Carolina married Julius Johnson. Sarah had blue eyes and brown hair. Wilford got married a few months later on 18 May 1905 to Martina Carolina Johnson. They were married by Silas A. Gee in Provo. George Horace got married on 16 Mar. 1908 to Lutie Hales. Angeline had a big thanksgiving dinner every year until there became too many grandchildren and the house was too small for everybody. So she had to stop having this big meal. Everybody brought something to eat. They had two big tables end to end with many of the kids on the floors. Generally they had potatoes and gravy, roast pork, roast chicken with dressing, boiled chicken with noodles, ham, salads, hot biscuits and homemade butter, carrots, parsnips, pie, cake, puddings and cookies. Everybody always over ate. After the meal and the dishes were done, the kids would go play and the grownups would sit and rest talking about the old times, etc. Angeline was good to her grandchildren. She would sit and tell them stories for hours. She always had a piece of bread and jelly or cookie. If she was going to bake bread, she would sometimes cook a hot robbie (a piece of fried dough) which was loved by all and considered a special treat. In the summer when the grandchildren stopped in from school or came by with friends, Angeline would tell them to go to the orchard and get an apple, peach or a bunch of cherries. Her granddaughter, Angeline, said it always tasted better if it came from grandma's. Angeline had several big cotton poplar trees just behind her house which the grandchildren loved to climb up, get on a limp and bend it down to the ground. When the daughters and later granddaughters came by to visit, Angeline had them comb her hair, until they got tired and then a little longer as Angeline said this would relax her. Many times they took turns combing her hair. If you had done something wrong, she would tell it by looking at you. One time her granddaughter, also named Angeline, was playing with matches in the hay. She had found a bird's nest in the hay in the barn. There were bird feathers in the nest and wondered if it would burn. This was probably around 1908. It caught fire and spread burning up the wild hay and barn. Angeline later came up and looked at the kids and knew who had done it. The granddaughter denied it. Several years later the granddaughter asked her how she knew she had done it. Angeline answered that there was guilt in her face. She was like this in all things. Angeline had a life-long friend in Priscilla Madsen. They visited each other often. She also had a good friend in Provo, Margaret Holdaway. Angeline was a hard worker all her life. Even at the age of 87, she refused to stop working, insisting on milking her cow and tending her few chickens. On one occasion, Angeline and her son, Joseph, were on a wagon pulling a load through the sand. The wagon got stuck. Joseph got out and cussed the team. He said if he had his horse, named "Prince" who was a beautiful strong horse, that this horse could pull out the wagon by itself. Then Angeline who also had a horse named "Prince" (which was a real old bony horse) told Joseph that if he wanted her horse, he could have him. Joseph looked up, so surprised being completely caught off guard, that he was flabbergasted. Angeline's son, John, took care of her farm most of the time when she got older. But once or twice, the sons in laws thought they could do it better, so they tried but would give it up within a year or so and John took over again. Probably because of this extra love John showed his mother, Angeline deed John her water rights to the canal. The water canal water right was scarce and everyone wanted it. However, John, in his loving nature, always shared the water with everyone as they needed it. Angeline had a bad heart and it sometimes would go so fast that she would have to sit back in her rocking chair and relax for 20 minutes or so. Then she would get up and go about her business. She would still be white and scary looking. Possibly the wagon accident was also responsible for this. In the 1910 census of Utah, Angeline was aged 64, a widow. Living with her was Joseph Flynn, a nephew, aged 14. In later years, probably between 1910-1920, Angeline's brother, Alonzo, came from Arizona and stayed with her a couple of years. He had left his wife and children in Arizona to take care of themselves. He was always reading books and spent most of his month on books, mostly church books. He also had some beehives he kept. In the 1920 Provo City and Utah County directory, Angeline is listed as a land owner with 11 acres in Provo valued at $1160. Ester Jane owned 5 acres valued at $408. Ester Jane died on 29 Jan. 1926 in Mammoth, Juab County, Utah at the home of her son, Alma, at the age of 76 of pneumonia. She was buried in the Provo Cemetery on Jan. 31st next to her three children who had died very young. Ester Jane had worked very hard to do for her family. After Joseph died, she would walk into Provo, do washings for other people, walk back and care for her family. It was hard on the children, but satisfying to Ester Jane to know she was doing all she could to see they were comfortable. Ester Jane most always wore a blouse and skirt for dress, along with a large apron gathered at the waist. East day she would walk out into the wooded part of the property and fill her apron with small pieces of wood and chips so she could start her fire each morning. Ester Jane was a short woman, but was built strong and sturdy. But she was afraid to be alone home at night. In later years, a grandchild would spend the evening until she started spending time with her children in their homes. In the 1929 Provo City and Utah County directory, Angeline is listed in the Rural free deliver section,. Her delivery address was R F D 1, box 301. In 1930 the Lake View Ward started building a new building. They asked the ward members to write short sketches of their lives to their children and/or grandchildren. In Dec. 1930 Malvina's wrote the letter for Angeline, her “mother-in-law” that was enclosed in the time capsule placed in the corner stone. “A brif Sketch of my life My name Angeline Skinner Lunceford I crosed the plaines with My Parents In Captain Walkers Co. in the year 1852. I was 9 years of age. in crosing the plain I got lost from the Company and was lost for 24 Hours the Men of our Company whent in search of Me and found Me a slep. they shot 3 rifle shots to let the rest of the Company know I was found. while I was a slep a big Bear came and liked me in the face I though it was a big dog. but the men sead it was Bears tracks. I would get so tired working I would ask for a ride but I was told the oxen was tired to because they had to pul the wagons we arived in Salt Lake City in 1852 and there was scarsety of suplys. when the Teamster would come past our camp they would call os Children and then they would trow of some potatos and squas and we were glad to get them. My Father put ap a Copper shop in provo City where we lived til I was married to Joseph Lunceford at the age of 17 years. I am the Mother of 9 Children of wich 5 are stil living. I am 87 years at the present time and I have seen many hardships when we were driven from our Homes in Nauvo and crosing the planes. I have ben near Death several times, but having Faith in the Priesthood I was restored to healt trugh the power of the Lord I have always caled the Elders to adminester to the sick insted of caling a doctor. I have ben a Relif sosiety Teacher for maney years. I am still milking my 2 cows and feding my chickens at my age. I have 5 Children living ther Names are as folows. John Hyrum Lunceford Martha E. L. Burningham Emma E. L. Burningham (Dead) Hanna E. L. Olsen Caroline L. Johnsen Anna L. Wheller “I dont thimk aney of my Children wil be living when this letter is opened but I have a large prosterity left so I hope the oldest one wil read this and let the ones have copy that wishes to. Now I pray the Lord wil bless Each and every one of those that is left that they may prosper and live a life that wil be worty of My Name wich I am wery proud of and I hope my grand Children and great grand Children will have as great a desire to do the work for our Dead as I have Done and continue to do whan they can as there is a lot to be done yet. I hope you all get to getter and do your share as Much as you can. I remain as ever Faithful to the last. Amen! Angeline Skinner Lunceford.” As Emma Lunceford Scott was the oldest member of the family when the cornerstone was opened in 1979 she read the letter. Emma turned 84 years of age on Dec. 25, 1979. In the 1931 directory, Angeline is listed with Rural Free Deliver Route 1, box 301 living in Orem. Esther Jane is listed living in Lake View. Angeline died Sunday evening, 14 Aug. 1932, two months shy of age 89 in Lake View at the home of her daughter, Hannah, from complications incident to old age and senility. Her life like that of many others was full of hardships, work, but through it all, Angeline remained faithful to the Lord to the end. She was buried 17 Aug. 1932 in the Provo Cemetery next to her husband, Joseph. Funeral services were conducted Wednesday at 2 p.m. in the Lake View Ward Chapel. At the time of her death, one son and four daughters were still living. She also had 45 grandchildren and 69 great grandchildren. Reunion song of the LUNCEFORDS 1. In 1852 the Lunceford's moved out West At first they lived in Spanish Fork, but though Lake View was best So they settled here and planted crops and raised a family And toiled and worked when hardship knocked and did it cheerfully. Chorus: Oh, Oh, Luncefords We're glad we're Luncefords too Hail to the Luncefords We're very proud of you. 2. They soon became acquainted and their family was raised Then good old Utah they all began to praise They're gone on to their glory and we're sure they're happier so We're glad they came from Illinois a long, long time ago. 3. Oh, we are the Luncefords, our home's in the U. S. A. The family's getting larger, it's increasing day by day. Mormon religion brought them here, and I'm sure you'll all agree that nowhere else in all this would could we more happy be 4. We're gathered here in honor of our loved ones gone before We hope you will enjoy yourselves as in the days of you're We're glad that all of you are here and we hope you're having fun We see you have endured our song, please say until we're done 5. How do you do Uncle John, How do you do? How do you do Uncle John, How are you? We're very glad you've come cause you're always full of fun How do you do, How do you do, How do you do? 6. How do you do Aunt Mattie, How do you do? How do you do Aunt Mattie, How are you? You've traveled quite a way, to be with us for today How do you do, How do you do, How do you do? 7. How do you do Aunt Hannah, How do you do? How do you do Aunt Hannah, How are you? You are looking mighty fine and your family's all in line How do you do, How do you do, How do you do? 8. How do you do Uncle Wilford, How do you do? How do you do Uncle Wilford, How are you? You're looking might spry, and we think you're one swell guy. How do you do, How do you do, How do you do? 9. How do you do Aunt Carrie, How do you do? How do you do Aunt Carrie, How are you? We see your family's here and they're always full of cheer. How do you do, How do you do, How do you do? 10. How do you do Aunt Annie, How do you do? How do you do Aunt Annie, How are you? We see that you are present and you're looking very pleasant. How do you do, How do you do, How do you do? 11. How do you do Uncle George, How do you do? How do you do Uncle George, How are you? We see you're hale and hearty, you're the life of any party How do you do, How do you do, How do you do? 12. How do you do to you all, How do you do? How do you do large and small, How are you? If we've bored you with our ditty, then we must say what a pity and Skidoo and skidoo now adieu.

History of John Murri & Mary Ann Hasler

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago

My father, John Murri was born in the little village of Scherli, Bern, Switzerland; the youngest child and only son of Johannes and Anna Speicher Murri. I am sure that he was a doubly cherished child, being eleven years younger than the only living daughter. John had dark hair and eyes. He was rather squarely built, being about five feet eight inches tall, and weighing, through most of his adult life, about one hundred and seventy-five pounds. He received his education in the Parish school of that locality. He graduated from the elementary school, and had the equivalent of a year of high school. At the age of twelve or thirteen, he had a serious sick spell, probably Brain Fever. The intensely high fever caused him to lose the sight of his right eye. This never seemed to handicap him any. He was an eager reader. He taught himself to read and write English, as he never went to a school in this country. It was about this time that his father and his uncles first heard about the "Gospel", and were converted to it. At the age of fifteen, he and his parents were baptized. With his parents, and two cousins, he came to America. Coincidence, or the will of our Heavenly Father, here entered Father's life. It was crossing the ocean to America, that he first came in contact with the family of Fredrick Hasler Sr., whose third daughter was later to become his wife, and our mother. When they arrived in Midway, the Murri family occupied one room of a long log house belonging to the Bonner' s, and the Haslers lived in the other room of this house. Dad helped his parents in the acquiring of some land, and building of their future home. As I have said in Grandfather's history, he was a butcher by trade, and he and Dad did most of the butchering for the townspeople to earn the extra money to help with the family income. He and his two cousins, Adolph and Johnny Murri, worked in the summertime for the mines around Park City, and in the "White Pines," cutting and hauling the timber which was used in the mines. At one time, Dad and James Alder, a friend and life-long neighbor, owned many claims which they sold for which they considered a fair price. Later, these claims and the surrounding territory became the old "Daly West Mine", where millions of dollars in silver and lead ore were mined. This was one of the oldest mines in the Park City District. Dad also hauled hay, potatoes, meat, and other produce to the mine boarding houses in around Park City. When Dad was twenty-three, his father was hurt, and died from the effects of being crushed by a large roller that he was using to level and smooth his land. It then became Dad's job to take over the farm and other obligations of the home. About this time, he began paying court to the little black-haired, brown-eyed girl that he had first seen on ship-board, coming to Utah. This was our Mother, (Maria) Mary Ann Hasler. She was ten years old when she came here. She often told me of the things which she could remember of their trip to Utah. Especially she remembered the trip from New York to Utah. The trains were not the "Deluxe Pullmans" of today. The seats were slat benches, and grandmother not only had to provide food for her little brood between the long stops, but also carry along bed-rolls which she could spread out on the seats or the floor, wherever she could find space for her family to sleep. When they arrived at Echo in Weber Canyon, their family were met by Uncles Ulrick and Conrad Abbeglen (her mother's brothers) with teams and wagons, and were brought the remainder of the way to Midway. Mother remembered their arrival in Midway very well. She said that her Grandmother Abbeglen came out through the "Dutch Fields" north and west of town to meet them. She walked, and over her dark calico dress, she wore a white front apron with wide hand-knit lace on the bottom. Her calico bonnet was made with slats, in the pioneer fashion. Mother had a picture in her mind of Grandmother's log home. On a bench outside of the door, were a row of shiny brass pails. These were her milk pails, and they were scoured with sand or ashes until they shone like gold. For her first meal in her Grandmother's home, she remembered the light biscuits made of white flour. Mother said that to them, she was sure that cake would never be better than those lovely biscuits. The delicious bread pudding, and Grandmother's good home-made butter and cheese! To a homesick tired little girl in a strange land, it was a meal which she never forgot. They moved in next door to the Murri' s, and her mother and father soon acquired some cows. Grandfather built a dairy at the "White Pines" near Grandmother's brothers. Grandfather burned charcoal for the Ontario Mine, and others, and Grandmother and the girls took care of the cows, and ran the dairy. Grandmother made butter and cheese, and the girls, my Mother, Aunt Lizzie, and Aunt Louise, carried this produce to the boarding houses and prospectors in the canyons. Mother said that at one place, a kind old Chinese cook always had them a piece of pie and a glass of milk while they rested. More often than not they were bare-foot, and poorly clothed. They herded the cows, and it was their job to see that the cows were in the corral for their mother to milk. There were a number of other families who spent their summers in the same manner. Among them were the Fauscetts and Buhlers. Mother said that the boys would tease them by telling them that the cows were farther up the canyons, or in another direction entirely, so that the girls would go along with them to find the oxen as well. Like all young people of every generation, they played tricks on each other. It was hard work, and often they were bare-foot until their feet would bleed, but they had fun and made friendships which lasted throughout their lives. One summer when Mother was about fourteen, a neighbor man asked her to live with his family for the summer and help his wife. She was expecting a new baby. I and Mother had to scrub clothes on the washboard, scrub wood floors, iron with stove-heated irons, and help cook the meals, and then carry the meals to the men in the fields. He had promised her material for a new dress for school, but no shoes. He said he could not afford any shoes. They were a happy bunch of girls. With five sisters, all with a strong sense of humor and loyalty, they could not fail to have a happy time. They were always a devoted group. Some of my most pleasant memories are of the family gatherings, either in some of their homes, or in our horne. They all worked together, helping each other with sewing, and cleaning, qui1ting, and such jobs. Mother and Father were married in Grandmother's home by Brother John Huber, on December 11, 1882. They moved in with Grandmother Murri in the home that Dad and his parents had built on the corner of the lot and just north of where the first log house had stood. The log house became part of the barn and stables. An orchard and berry bushes were planted, and the homem improved from time to time. To John and Mary Ann, ten children were born. They were: John Henry, Frederick Lawrence, William Charles, Frank Herbert, Margaret Adell, Ella Louis, Mary Ann, Leda Elizabeth, Ruby Anna, and Gladys Leona. Ruby died at the age of two years, from pneumonia- and complications. A few months later, Gladys was born and lived to be a year and one-half old. She died of spinal menengitis, leaving me as the baby of the family. Father was Midway Town Marshal in his young married life. He later held many responsible positions in the affairs of the town; being president and director in the irrigation companies; a director and manager of the Midway Waterworks Company for many years. He was instrumental in buying Indian Springs, and in laying the first water system in Midway Cemetery. The things for which he was best known and respected were not the jobs for which he was paid, but the kind help which gave so generously and without pay in times of sickness and death. I can remember until was a big girl, of having people calling for Father at any time of the day or night, to come and help with sickness, or to lay out their dead. He did this in place of an undertaker, for many people. This I do not remember, but have heard Father tell many times of the diptheria epidemics which struck the children of Midway. He helped care for, and bury children that died from the epidemic. He was a very kind and patient Father, though he must have been sorely tried many times by the mischief and naughtiness of so large a family. I can remember of seeing him chastise any of us but about three times in my whole life, and that was for quarreling among ourselves. On the other hand, Mother was rather quick and highly nervous. She probably never did anything more than we deserved, but she scolded us, and would give our long braids a firm yank, to let us know that she meant what she said. All their lives they kept a hospitable home. As long as they lived, our home was the gathering place for the family. Often our beds were full, beds on the floor, and beds in the barn on the hay for the boys. Any of our relatives who lived out of town just seemed to gather at our house. Sunday dinner table was always long, and well filled, not only with the family, but friends as well. Our big kitchen or the front porch was a gathering place to sit and visit. Uncle Felix Martin called our home "Aunt Mary Ann's boarding house". They must have had a struggle to feed and clothe so many as us, but we always had a well set table, and never needed to be ashamed of our clothes. Mother was a fine seamstress, and she with the help of Aunt Maggie, kept we girls and herself well dressed. Many times they were hand-me-downs, and remade, but they were so nicely done, that we did not mind. Mother did very fine hand work. She crocheted beautifully and could knit and read the paper or a book at the same time. I have seen her do it many times. She and Grandmother Murri knitted stockings for all of us, until we all rebelled and would not wear them any more. I have lain on a chair with my head in her lap many, many times, and gone to sleep there rather than go upstairs to bed alone. Mother was a very retiring person, and took very little part in public. Probably because she did not have the time, what with her large family. She was a Relief Society teacher for many years. The only time that I recall hearing her bear her testimony in public, was after I was married and went to Relief Socity with her. She and Father were always anxious to have us go to our meetings and take part. I can remember as a little girl that Mother would comb our long hair and get us all ready for Sunday School, while Dad would do dishes and dusting, etc. Dad had a very nice tenor voice, and he sang in the choir. He was a High Priest, having been ordained to that office by Brother Edward Clyde. Father and Mother sent two sons to B.Y.U. Academy for a year each. John and Lawrence both filled missions to the Swiss-German Mission. John, and Cousins Charles and Chris Murri, and other relatives and friends called on Father's sister, Aunt Annie, while in Switzerland. She treated them very well as family and friends, but asked them not to talk about the L.D.S. Church in her home. She passed away in 1921, and so far as we know she nor any of her family ever joined the Church. Lawrence was in Germany when the first World War began. He was held in jail until he could prove his citizenship. Later, with all of the Elders, he was sent home. Mother and Father also made a home for their grand-daughter, Afton M. Smith. As long as they lived she called them "Ma and Pa". She was as dear to them as anyone of us. She took my place as baby of the family. Some years before she died, Mother had a slight stroke. As a result, she was lame on her right foot, and her shoulder drooped slightly. Otherwise, she enjoyed comparatively good health until the fall of 1925. when she again suffered a stroke. She left us on November 10, 1925. Bliss and I stayed with father and Afton that winter, and only moved to our own place in November. On August 26, 1926, Father came to my home after visiting with two of his life-long friends, Casper Sulser, and John Van Wagoner, who were ill. He ate dinner with us. As we visited, he told me how lonely he was, and how much he missed Mother. When he left he said he was going home to sweep the cobwebs down from the porches. The next day August 27, 1926, he passed away from a heart attack. Just nine months after Mother left us. Mother and Father were never separated long in anything. They never went anywhere alone. They never aired their differences before us children. I am sure that they did not always agree; but we never. any of us, ever remember hearing them raise their voices at each other. One of Father's impressive teaching to us children, and which I should like to leave with my family, is: Never criticize the Authorities of the Church, Stake or Ward, and never refuse a calling in the Church. It is, and should be considered a privilege, and an honor to work for our Heavenly Father. We had, and have, a Father and a Mother of whom I have always been proud, and I hope they could be proud of me. By Leda Titus ( daughter )

The Nauvoo Legion

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago

The Nauvoo Legion was a state-authorized militia of the city of Nauvoo, Illinois. With growing antagonism from surrounding settlements it came to have as its main function the defense of the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, and surrounding Latter Day Saint areas of settlement. To curry political favor with the Saints, the Illinois state legislature granted Nauvoo a liberal city charter that gave the Nauvoo Legion extraordinary independence even though it was still a component of the Illinois State Militia and under the ultimate authority of the Governor of Illinois. Led by Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement and a mayor of Nauvoo, the Legion quickly became a formidable concentration of military power in the hands of an unpopular outcast religious theocracy. Previously, from May–June 1834 Joseph Smith led a military expedition of Latter Day Saints, known as Zion's Camp from Kirtland, Ohio to Clay County, Missouri in an unsuccessful attempt to regain land from which the Saints had been expelled by non-Mormon settlers. He organized the first Mormon militia group known as the "Armies of Israel" to protect his people. Some historians have alleged this earlier militia to be the original foundation of the Danite band. In 1844, after a controversy stemming from the Nauvoo city council's suppression of a Nauvoo newspaper critical of Smith and his church's policies, Smith mobilized the Legion and declared martial law. Arrested for treason, Smith was assassinated by a mob. Soon thereafter, the Nauvoo charter was revoked, and the Nauvoo Legion lost its official sanction as an arm of the Illinois militia. After the revocation of the Nauvoo Charter, the unsanctioned and unlawful Nauvoo Legion continued to operate under the command of Brigham Young, leader of the movement's largest faction, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Young led the Latter-day Saints to what later became the Territory of Utah. In Utah, the Deseret Militia and Utah Territorial Militia used the official name of the Nauvoo Legion. It was mobilized in opposition to the United States Army during the Utah War. The Nauvoo Legion was permanently disbanded in 1887 as part of the Edmunds–Tucker Act, which disincorporated the LDS Church as part of Congress's efforts to punish it for its practice of polygamy. In 1894, the former Utah Territorial Militia was reactivated and officially designated the Utah National Guard. Contents 1Formation in Nauvoo 2Authority over Legion 3Nauvoo under Mormon martial law 4Death of Smith brothers 5Legion survival after death of Joseph Smith 6Legion reformation in Utah 6.1Mormon Battalion in Mexican-American War 6.2State of Deseret Territorial Militia 6.3Walker Indian War 6.4Utah War 6.5American Civil War 6.6Utah Black Hawk War 7Transition to Utah National Guard 8Uniforms, weapons, and equipment 9See also 10Notes 11References 12External links Formation in Nauvoo In 1839, Joseph Smith relocated his followers from a hostile environment in Missouri to Commerce, Illinois which he renamed Nauvoo. Voter-conscious Illinois Democrats and Whigs (including Abraham Lincoln) passed a bipartisan city-state charter for Nauvoo in 1840. On December 16 the governor signed it into law, granting Smith and the city of Nauvoo broad powers. Among these was the authority to create a "body of independent militarymen". This military force was a militia similar to the Illinois State Militia, and it became known as the "Nauvoo Legion". At its peak, the militia had, by conservative estimates, at least 2,500 troops, in comparison to the approximately 8,500 troops within the entire United States Army as of 1845.[1] The Legion was organized into two regiments (called cohorts) of infantry and one regiment of cavalry. A few light cannons were also attached. Authority over Legion The Legion tended to be very top-heavy, in that there was a disproportionate number of high-ranking officers to regular soldiers. Supposedly, this was to elevate the social status and official standing of some members of the city. Although the charter authorizing the Nauvoo Legion created an independent militia, it could be used at the disposal of the state governor or the President of the United States as well as for the mayor of Nauvoo. Joseph Smith himself was Nauvoo's second mayor, and the Nauvoo court martial also appointed him as highest-ranking officer of the Legion, a Lieutenant General. This rank is one step above Major General which most contemporary militias employed as their commanding rank. One motive for the higher rank was to prevent Smith from being tried in a court martial by officers of lesser rank. In 1837 the Missouri militia had contemplated a court martial against Smith, an action that might have been illegal had it been carried out, as Smith was only a civilian at that time. Nauvoo under Mormon martial law In the last month of his life, June 1844, Joseph Smith declared martial law in Nauvoo in response to various civil disturbances and initially deployed the Nauvoo Legion to defend the city, only to restrain the Legion from any action later. He urged Legion members to not take any action when the Illinois governor ordered the arrests of the Smith brothers, for violating state statutes and by not receiving authorized permission to impose martial law from the Governor of Illinois. Death of Smith brothers Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum surrendered at the Carthage, Illinois jail, with the promise of protection from Governor Ford and the Carthage Greys, the local state militia in Hancock County. However, on June 27, 1844, the Carthage Greys violated orders and joined the anti-Mormon mob that stormed the jail and murdered the Smiths. Legion survival after death of Joseph Smith The Nauvoo Legion survived the loss of its commanding officer, Joseph Smith, and Brigham Young became the new church president and commander of the militia in August, 1844, though he had never previously been active in Legion activities. Rather than employ the Legion to protect his people from increased mob violence, Young directed most of his followers to leave the city, and Illinois settlement was abandoned by the Mormons entirely by September 17, 1846 after a week of artillery shelling called the "Battle of Nauvoo". Upon the revocation of the Nauvoo Charter in the winter of 1844–1845, the Nauvoo Legion was no longer recognized as state militia, and its members returned the majority of its government-issued arms. Depleted of its official status, the Legion assumed a very minor role in future Church affairs after being reorganized in Iowa by Hosea Stout on September 22, 1846. It was never actively employed in defense of the Mormon people until the Utah War in which it served mainly to erect defenses and harass the U.S. Army led by General Albert Sidney Johnston. The Utah Territorial Militia was known as the Nauvoo Legion and accused of perpetrating the 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre in which 120–140 non-Mormon settlers were murdered. Legion reformation in Utah Mormon Battalion in Mexican-American War. Not long after the arrival of the Mormons in Utah, in 1846, Mormon legionnaires volunteered to serve in the 500 man Mormon Battalion for the U.S. government military expedition to Mexican California during the Mexican-American War. State of Deseret Territorial Militia In 1847 the Mormon leader, Brigham Young reformed the Nauvoo Legion into a fully functional paramilitary force which was organized into sub-units for each of the Utah counties as the Deseret Territorial Militia a kin to their contemporaries the Army of the Republic of Texas and the Texas Rangers[2] Walker Indian War In the 1849 conflicts with Native Americans in Utah County, such as the attack at Battle Creek, Utah and Battle at Fort Utah, foreshadowed the 1853–1854 Walker War between the Nauvoo Legion and Indians led by Chief Walkara ("Walker"). Twenty Mormon militiamen and many Native Americans died in the Walker War. Utah War The Nauvoo Legion was called up again in the Utah War against Federal troops entering Utah in the "Utah Expedition" from 1857–1858. They employed tactics of supply destruction and avoided direct fighting. Local commanders and members of the Iron County, Utah Territorial Militia, overcome with suspicion and war hysteria, perpetrated the Mountain Meadows Massacre against a group of wagon trains traveling from Arkansas to California in September. At this point Daniel H. Wells was the chief military commander of the militia. It was also under the auspices of the militia that the groups of men were organized who were instructed to burn down Salt Lake City and other parts of northern Utah should the invading army try to take up residence. After this conflict, the Federal government appointed Utah's territorial governor, and the Nauvoo Legion was allowed to exist at the command of the governor. It however was not as cooperative in imposing the colonial regime as federal authorities would have liked. American Civil War See also: Utah in the American Civil War During the American Civil War, federal troops either were withdrawn from Utah, or in many cases left to join the rebellion, Johnston who had led the invading federal army being among the later group. The Federal government made a reconciliatory approach to Brigham Young, requesting his help. With his permission, two units of the reorganized Nauvoo Legion were gainfully employed by the United States to protect western mail and telegraph lines from Indian attacks in what is today Utah and Wyoming, but saw no action. Neither the Legion nor any other Mormon troops participated in the main theaters of the war, and the Legion's involvement ended in 1862, after Congress had passed the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act. Utah Black Hawk War The final use of the Legion was in Utah's Black Hawk War 1865–1868 when over 2,500 troops were dispatched against Indians led by Antonga Black Hawk. (Antonga Black Hawk was a Ute and has no connection to the Illinois Sauk chief Black Hawk of the 1830s.) In 1870 the Utah Territorial governor, J. Wilson Shaffer forced the Legion inactive unless he ordered otherwise. Federal troops dispatched in response to the 1870 Ghost Dance ensured Shaffer's order was enforced. Transition to Utah National Guard The Nauvoo Legion never gathered again, and the 1887 Edmunds-Tucker Act permanently disbanded it. In 1894, in anticipation of statehood, the non-sectarian Utah National Guard was organized as Utah's official state militia. Uniforms, weapons, and equipment The Nauvoo Legion in Illinois was able to draw on Federal stands of arms. The most common musket issued to these militiamen was the Model 1816 Musket. This flintlock musket was an American built copy of the French 1777 Charleville musket. Also, the Harper's Ferry Model 1803 Rifle was issued in smaller quantities. Personal arms were also used. A small artillery piece, a mountain gun, was also issued. It was nicknamed the "Old Sow" and is on display at the Church History Museum in Salt Lake City.

Life timeline of Joseph Lunceford

Joseph Lunceford was born on 12 Dec 1828
Joseph Lunceford was 3 years old when Charles Darwin embarks on his journey aboard HMS Beagle, during which he will begin to formulate his theory of evolution. Charles Robert Darwin, was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and, in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
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Joseph Lunceford was 12 years old when Samuel Morse receives the patent for the telegraph. Samuel Finley Breese Morse was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
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Joseph Lunceford was 31 years old when Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species. Charles Robert Darwin, was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and, in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
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Joseph Lunceford was 32 years old when Abraham Lincoln is elected as the 16th President of United States. Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through the American Civil War—its bloodiest war and perhaps its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy.
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Joseph Lunceford was 49 years old when Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound. Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park", he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
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Joseph Lunceford was 60 years old when The Eiffel Tower is officially opened. The Eiffel Tower is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.
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Joseph Lunceford died on 20 Jun 1895 at the age of 66
Grave record for Joseph Lunceford (12 Dec 1828 - 20 Jun 1895), BillionGraves Record 25778 Provo, Utah, Utah, United States