John Hawkins

6 Aug 1835 - 24 Jan 1908

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John Hawkins

6 Aug 1835 - 24 Jan 1908
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Christopher Arthur Emigrating Company, Journal, 1853 Feb.-Oct. Retrieved 23 January 2018 from: https://history.lds.org/overlandtravel/sources/36314022387976157000-eng/christopher-arthur-emigrating-company-journal-1853-feb-oct?firstName=James%20Richard%20Aucock&surname=Hawkins -- [Written by George S
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Life Information

John Hawkins

Born:
Died:

Benjamin Cemetery

8435 S 3200 W
Benjamin, Utah, Utah
United States
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Simini

June 2, 2011
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Kody

June 1, 2011

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Hawkins Family, as found in the entire of George Sim's journal

Contributor: Simini Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago

Christopher Arthur Emigrating Company, Journal, 1853 Feb.-Oct. Retrieved 23 January 2018 from: https://history.lds.org/overlandtravel/sources/36314022387976157000-eng/christopher-arthur-emigrating-company-journal-1853-feb-oct?firstName=James%20Richard%20Aucock&surname=Hawkins -- [Written by George Sims] -- June 15, 1853, Wednesday. Camped at 4 o clock Soap Creek near Union Villa – in a storm[.] ground very wet – got the waggons across a Brook[.] Yoked the cows in pairs to [-] waggon[.] (Bro Hawkins nearly overturned – wonderful safe -- June 24, 1853, Friday. Started at ¼ past Seven. rested at 1 oclock. found Wheelocks company had overtaken us[.] much difficulty crossing two running Streams – the second one – Bro Williams waggon – overturned – with his child in it into the Stream – the child not hurt – the Boxes was taken out – the three waggons in company camped – we took the Body first and then the carriage[.] the rest of the waggons camped – a mile distant – But little wood. the carriage had sustained little injury – Two Bro [brethren] were up to their necks in Water – (Moyes[,] Williams[,] Hawkins. waggons left Behind). -- June 25, 1853, Saturday. Started 9 oclock[.] and Moyes, Williams & Hawkins – waggons – overtook the camp at half past 2 oclock. camped on the east Bank of the West Fork. and a Nodaway River – Travelled about 22 miles. Squires asked me to carry my children – 5 miles to the [sentence unfinished] Camped at 9 oclock[.] very Tired[.] (Broke the slide of our waggon.) – Plenty of wood & Water – (rested for 2 Hours in at 2 oclock) -- July 26, 1853, Tuesday. Started ¼ 8—Rolled on till one[.] rested and Buried our Bro—Started again—and camped acrossed prairy [Prairie] Creek—no wood[.] much difficulty in crossing[.] Bro Waddington—Hawkins had to unload 3 chains snapps and hooks[,] 1 Yoke Broken[.] (our road was sandy and very heavy and Men and Beast very tired—grass rather Scanty in places -- August 4, 1853, Thursday. Chatfield & Jones on Watch. Started 8 O. Clock after Bro Thirkell buried his child— [drawing of a baby] BIRTH of a Male child [Eli Brazee Hawkins] of Bro Hawkins. rested at 1. O clock near a Beautiful Spring of Cold Water[.] very Hot[.] Elder [John] Butlers child was not hurt seriously was administered to—up walking. Camped at Car[r]ion Crick [Creek]. fuoer [fewer] Muskaters—enjoying our Buffalo—Travelled 17 Miles—and heard [.] In Company with Elder Haight, he had seen Buffallow -- August 14, 1853, Sunday. Very fine Morning[.] Bro Forsgreen Company passed us at 2 o clock[.] we held a council meeting[.] decided A. Moyes[,] Hawkins[,] King[,] & Griffeths be held in reserve for extra Watch—for neglecting their Watch[.] also that the team tens water their cattle[.] that Bro [George P.] Waughs Waggon be lightened[.] that co [James] Almond and Caffly [Cuffley] be appointed day Wat Captains. a Meeting at 6 oclock[.] Elders Gates[,] Waddington[&] Lyon attended the Meeting—Testimonies were Borne[.] E. Gates exhorted us—to pray for the Sick not to While—to be kind and to go to the Valley with the Spirit of God in our faces -- Here is more specifics for the entire journey: -- 12 Thursday [May, 1853 at Keokuk, Iowa]. Fine day[.] much Warmer[.] gave out 1 axe to 2 Waggons to all uno. Captain Lyon[.] also 2 chains, & 3 yokes[.] Watch appointed[:][John Duncan] Heggie[,] How [,] Rough [,] [George] Horsfall[.] prayers attended in the room of Elder Miller, ascertained the occupation of all in the camp names of all those who had axes given to them[.] washed our cloth[e]s by the water side[.] health remarkably good[.] Elder Haight told us to take care of our chains and lard[.] oil Burned well[.] health remarkably good. 13 Friday. Fine day[.] Warm[.] prayers in the morning[.] Several sisters Washing on the Banks of the Mississippi, several of the Brethren at work on the roads[.] Brethren exchange their overweight goods for food and other commodities[.] Busily engaged in attaching boxes to their waggons[.] arrangements for starting in a state of preparation[.] (Brethren rejoicing in the fresh provisions afforded them by their employment[.] health of the camp remarkably good[.] The Tradespeople of people of Keokuk saw they were busy in caus agian [again] of the Mormon camp[.] the people of Keokuk were generaly civil[.] watch appointed[.] Some sisters remarked they would rather sleep in the tents with their husbands there 14 Saturday. Fine & warm day[.] prayers attended to[.] sold my Bed Pillows for 1½ dollar to reduce my luggage weight[.] saw some Brethren at work on the road[.] purchased some mutton / saw Bro Arthur [-] he said he would get the log Printed rather poorl Sunday 15[.] Conference Held[.] Elder Wheelock[,] Picton[,] [John] Lyon[,] Arthu Parry[,] Crosby Present[.] Bro Chambers reporter[.] the usual proposition was made and accepted[.] Wheelock exhorted to keep the word of wisdom[,] carried[,] that all any Brethren be disfelloshipped that were found intoxicated. all thieves to be left on the plains[.] Morning & ever afternoon & evening meetings attended to[.] Sacrament administered[.] fellowship meeting in the evening 16 Monday. Wet the early part of the day[.] flour dealt out to Elder Lyons 18 Waggons[.] Elder [Robert] Martin recd [received] provision for Payres [sic][.] 21 was deducted from the full allowance[.] a Fellowship meeting in the evening at which Elder Lyon presided[.] wood & nails purchased for making the sides of the waggons 17 Tuesday. Very fine day[.] gave out Bacon for Bro Lyons company, in the afternoon the Rev- Mr. Harriss addressed our camp and endeavored to influence the minds of the people against their leaders[.] In the evening we assembled ourselves together and several Elders addressed the Meeting[.] (Elder Haight returned) most of the waggons were widened[.] the oxen were acpected on the ground[.] watch appointed by Elder [Richard E.] Waddington[.] general good health in the camp 18 Wednesday. Cold Morning & Windy[.] gave out 2 Bags of Rice and a chest of Tea[.] half the Tea given to Elder Arthur given but by me and Waddington[.] (this day a Pair of Pistols, Shot & Powder was placed in the Tent of Brother Walker[.)] He had lost them on board the International or had had them Stolen/on Watch with Brother Miller[.] dealt out rice & Tea (carried it round to the people) 19 Thursday. Fine day[.] very warm[.] Prayers attended to[.] Went to Keokuk about Journal[.] Felt very tired and unwell through excessive fatigue 20 Friday. Fine day[.] recd [received] 12 dollars to pay to Cooks Waterman closet cleaners &c [etc.] [.] recd 1¾ doll[ars] myself[.] Paid [Jonathan] Moyes 60 cents on acct of Waggon[.] Bought chisel Stone[.] laid out all my money[.] [William] Constantine very Bad[.] physician attended 21 Saturday. Paid 12 dollars to (see Copy Book) [.] a very fine day[.] tho/ 20 Company had their Oxen yoked (Proof sheet of the Diary punctuated by Elder Lyon[.)] (laid [sic] the principles of the Gospel to the Printer[)], (Borrowed 10 cents of Moyes) [.] Elder Gearys lottery came off at Waddingtons tent[.)] (Bro Waddington did not object to the repetitions of his successes in the diary[.)] in the night Peals of thunder and vivid flashes of lightning[.] Heavy rains[.] Prayers by Elder Lyon 22 Sunday. Sunday morning very wet[.] (had prayers)[.] was asleep in the waggon with my wife[.] the child Julia sitting in front[.] my wife in a dream put forth her foot and pushed the child out of the Waggon (she was not hurt thanks to Almighty God) 23 Monday. Gave flour & Bacon out[.] (very fine day)[.] Sold between 7 and 8 dollars worth of Diarys – Waddington owes me 60 cents[.] (Bro [James] Forsyth Insulted Elder Lyon[.)] – Printer sent 450 Diarys instead of 1000 for which he was paid 8 dollars[.] Elder Arthur gave me 2.0.0 and said that I was to have half the profits Bro Lyon 3/8 of the profit and [Henry] Maiben 1/8 of the profits, the 20 2.0.0 to pay the President and give him the change 24 Tuesday Paid E Arthur 7 doll[ar]s and 50 cents I.O 1 doll[ar] and 70 cents[.] (Weather very warm[.)] (2 or 3 Teams went out [-] Sugar Creak [Creek][.)] 485 + 485 = 970[.] 750 paid + 170 owe + 50 [-] = 970[.] ½ past 1 oclock Constantine died – Inflammation of the [-] dyssentery[.] (6 Bags of rice dealt out[)] Saints (not in t10 Company[.)] (Paid E Arthur 1.70 c[ents][.)] Mo E Py’- [morning and evening prayer] attended to 25 Wednesday. Fine Morning. A Council Meeting of the Priesthood called, in consequence of Sister [Clara] Newton Hadings father, [George P.] Waugh, in defending himself he unfortunately hurt her mouth – Her husband had been striking him – Bro [William] Newton Struck father Waugh[.] all parties were reconciled. By this time the sister made and their bread light – Heavy before[.] (Bro Constantine Buried.) Morning & Eve prayer was attended to[.] M-E pray’ att’ to 26 Thursday. Fine day. Went to the depot and got 6 bags of Rice and half Barrel of Salt[.] [--] to my wife for disease of the heart[.] (Many of the Brethren left us (for Sugar Creek.) in the evening we had a fellowship meeting[.] M&E prs 27 Friday. Fine Morning (6 Bags of Rice & half Barrel of Salt. given out[.)] (Rice 5 lb each to 1000 t[otal] company[.)] (wife much better after the administration)[.] M&E prays[.] prayers morning and evening 28 Saturday. Very Fine day. Bagnal Company arrived by the die Vernon-Falcon ship[.] a sister had lost a Box[.] Paid me a pound – prayers Morn & evening 29 Sunday. (Stormy <& rain>[.] No Meeting[.] Morng also after[noon][.] Testimony meeting in the evening. assisted Falcone company in putting up tents. Bro [Jacob] Gates asked if I had paid Bunting any money[.] I said $5.0.0[.] Bunting had deceived him. 30 Monday. Fine day (Hot)[.] gave out 17 mesrd [measured] Bacon & flour[.] gathered 525 cents for a sack[.] Waddington paid 450 for sack. about to return 75 cents for the Brethren – purchased 3 boxes of Nails – 10 cents[,] and Brad awl case for 40 – 6 lbs of Apples – Sugar & at Billings. Prayer Morng & Evening 31 Tuesday. Fine day. (Commenced with prayer[.)] Bought Jack Plane and Spokes[.] have 6 Spoons – Hooks – [-] – Bought [-] – Brother Bagnal 395 cents in exchange for a IOU June 1 Wednesday. Fine day – Morning & Evg prayer – [John] Miller appointed for the Watch[.] dealt 4 mesrd [measured] of sugar pepper bacon & flour – gave Stewart an order for 40 lb of Bacon[.] ([.rance] sent to ocko with 12 men – Miller Captain of 12 men sent for the cattle[.] Bro Gates observed that we should go to away to morrow if he could manage it -- Old [Jonathan] Moyes bought a flag & top – caught in a Storm – Bought paper – & saws[.] prayer & went to Bed 2 Thursday. Morning 3 and 4 Heavy storm attended with flashes of lightning and thunder[.] 11 Oclock Bro Lyons company – started – Moyes thin[g]s left behind with 9 men to see after the cows – [Juliana E.] Davies sister moved to Bro [John Jones] Williams waggon – Sis [Elizabeth] Reynolds removed to Hassie for a few days when we shall overtake them[.] some things laid on a bush took fire. a few things burnt[.] Sis – Marshall – 3 Friday. Fine day. left by ourselves[.] Bro Bagnals Company behind us – Sister Reynolds came to us saying our luggage must be reduced to 75 lb each (sold Glass Picture frames. and Jack Plane – Moyes told Reynolds Bed[.] went in search of a stray ox – did not find it but found two others –. Posted a letter to my father. sold a Steam saucepan for Bro Moyes. Marshal – 4 Saturday. Very Wet. forked lightning. – our Oxen put into a field by Elder Haight – confined to bent but through continual wet[.] bought a pair of legging[s] – $ $1¾- 2½ lug[,] 2½ currant[.] group Meetings[.] said prayers morning – private prayer evening[.] Bro Haight returned[.] could not [find] cows[.] -felt unwell 5 Sunday. Very Fine & Hot[.] had a meeting with Bagnals Company – ½ past 10 – no Sacrament administered 6 Monday. Very fine day. Moyes & Company in Search of lost Cattle. making preparation for leaving. Morning & evening prayers – (sold a shirt – 2 Boxes[)] – reduced my luggage 75 lbs – leaving 75 to each person 7 Tuesday. Very Fine day[.] Cows arrived – preparing the waggon for starting. Moyes &c [etc] took the Cows – about 1 mile from camping ground – 8 Wednesday. Fine Morning[.] We left Keokuk without Sister Davies[.] travelled about 10 miles then camped near a farmhouse[.] Met Gates[.] told us to go on as far as we could – a Stormy [sentence unfinished] BIRTH a female child [Marian Maiben] of Henry & Caroline [Penn] Maiben Left Keokuk 9 Thursday. Early in the Morning about 3 Oclock Five that were on the Watch, returned to the wagon with the news that the Cows had run away – 2 oxen that were fastened to the waggon pulled violently and our sisters were frightened[.] 4 of us went to seek for them but it was dark[.] We returned to our Bed at half past 3 Oclock[.] we went again to seek for them, we found them in two valleys – all safe and all there. we put our oxen to the waggon and went on 3 miles further, camped and took breakfast[.] No general prayer. Camped at night 2 Miles from Sugar Creek, Placed the Cows in safety feeding $1¾ - to pay for it[.] Prayers[.] 10 Friday. Fine Morning – started to Farmington – and recd [received] 1 barrel of flour, and a bag of Salt – went on to the camp about 4 miles distance, arrived with the cows 56 in number[.] Gates called a Council meeting – and organized the company into two parts[.] the Independent and the L1.0.0.0. [Ten Pound][,] the Inde under Capt Carmichael – the L1 0.0.0 under Waddington[.] Captain Lyon to preside over the whole under Gates- drew up a Watch list for Thurkill – Maiben numbered the waggons – Moyes sold 2 calves for 3 doll[ars] each 11 Saturday. Very Hot[.] Travelled 15 Miles[.] Bro Cook’ Cow strayed[.] He stopt behind – Bro Maiben Beast[s] were tired and he was left behind – 12 Sunday. Very Hot & Fine. Entered the names of the independent Men and letterd and numbered the L10.0.0 company- Started at 9 oclock[.] found we had left a cow ready to calve behind at our camp[.] took [William] Cuffley back[.] found the cow in some bushes. left it with a farmer and Cuffley to calve[.] rode home in ox carriage – 2 Miles from String Town 13 Monday. Fine day[.] started about 8 oclock – Gates said Cuffley must come on and get cow into Wheelocks company[.] little Willy very ill[.] administered to him. 14 Tuesday. Rather Cooler. Travelled 14 Miles through drakesville – Willy seemed worse – Bro [Thomas] Ford summoned for refusing to Watch[.] pleaded sickness. Bro Lyon diss told him to do all he could[.] left Wheelocks company 7 miles behind us. Moyes sold a Cow for $4½ $ pd to Gates – 3d 50c 15 Wednesday. Camped at 4 o clock Soap Creek near Union Villa – in a storm[.] ground very wet – got the waggons across a Brook[.] Yoked the cows in pairs to [-] waggon[.] (Bro Hawkins nearly overturned – wonderful safe 16 Thursday. Weather Fine[.] Temperate[.] Travelled about 15 Miles. roads good[.] camped at 6 oclock on a large Priary [prairie.] abundance of water – and pasture – Cows. Had trouble with the cows in the woods – Yoked in Pair. 2 Milch [milk] Cows to three waggons 17 Friday. Started ½ past seven[.] Fine morning passed. Dodgers Point and took the right hand road [, which upon inqiury [inquiry] we found to be the best road- rolled on very fast, very warm in the afternoon[.] camped 7 miles within Chariton Point – Killed a calf weighing 120 lb and equally divided amongst 21 waggons – Alfred Moyes cut his foot with an axe – passed By the Burning we knew that we had passed an encampment. Watch appointed[.] Bro Gates proposed, that we should rest in the morning part of the coming Sabbath 18 Saturday. Started at half past 9 a.m. passed Chariton Town. 1 OClock – rolled along very fast and went – 12 Miles – and camped – where there was an abundance of Wood and clear Water at 5 oclock[.] a very fine day. 19 Sunday. A very Fine day. Council Meeting through Bro [Thomas] Hillier refusing to Watch – the morning spent washing and greasing waggons. no time for a general meeting[.] started at 2 oclock in the afternoon and travelled 6 miles and camped – 12 miles – from Chariton[.] Wood & water Plentiful[.] I went on watch with 6 others – my groin much swollen 20 Monday. Started about 8 Oclock[.] A Beautiful morning. Travelled abut 14 miles And camped between Chariton and White breast an B abundance of Wood and Water – a Beautiful Praiary [prairie]– Watch appointed from – [George] Chatfield[,] Maiben & [George] Jones – DEATH [with a drawn picture] 21 Tuesday. Very fine morning[.] Started 9 oclock – Willy very Bad – died at ½ past 11. With [w]Hooping Cough and inflammation – at 2 oclock was Buried at White Thistle Prairie – in a Box of Bro Till. – Travelled about 22 miles – and camped at 7 oclock at a Branch of Grand River[.] an abundance of Wood[.] Watch appointed[.] (Bro Lyon superintended – the Burial of Wm Davies. age 2 ys & 2 months.) Had a Bath. groin Better through using Salt Water to it. anointed my feet with Con[secrated] oil as ministered to Julia. 22 Wednesday. Fine day[.] Travelled about 12 Miles[.] ca forded – 2 Branches – of the Grand River[.] Considerable labour of in filling the Hollows with Wood and earth – passed – Pisgay [Pisgah] Prairey – saw remains of cultivation – rested on the dwelling place of our people – camped at 6 oclock[.] an abundance of Wood & Water – Watch appointed – came on wet at 1 oclock. Axle tree of Bro Moyes Broken[.] Father Cooks Cow – dropped down exhausted – Father Cook fell in a Branch of the Grand River – Bro [.] now with cattle & Buaros 23 Thursday. Started ¼ Past 9[.] Travelled 10 Miles and camped at 2 oclock In Consequence of Scarcity of Wood and Water – for 30 Miles to come – a running Stream and much Wood. proposed to Start at 4 to morrow morning – Sisters employed Baking and Cooking 24 Friday. Started at ¼ past Seven. rested at 1 oclock. found Wheelocks company had overtaken us[.] much difficulty crossing two running Streams – the second one – Bro Williams waggon – overturned – with his child in it into the Stream – the child not hurt – the Boxes was taken out – the three waggons in company camped – we took the Body first and then the carriage[.] the rest of the waggons camped – a mile distant – But little wood. the carriage had sustained little injury – Two Bro [brethren] were up to their necks in Water – (Moyes[,] Williams[,] Hawkins. waggons left Behind). 25 Saturday. Started 9 oclock[.] and Moyes, Williams & Hawkins – waggons – overtook the camp at half past 2 oclock. camped on the east Bank of the West Fork. and a Nodaway River – Travelled about 22 miles. Squires asked me to carry my children – 5 miles to the [sentence unfinished] Camped at 9 oclock[.] very Tired[.] (Broke the slide of our waggon.) – Plenty of wood & Water – (rested for 2 Hours in at 2 oclock) 26 Sunday. Very fine – rested till 3 OClock[.] Sisters employed – Baking &c, [etc.] afterwards we rolled on 4 miles to cross a creek in case we their might be rain[.] the weather continued fine[.] we camped about five[.] Bro Gates gave some instructions about Travelling and proposed to start at seven in the Morning[.] divided a Young Calf between the Sick and aged of the ten pound Comp[an]y. 27 Monday. Started ½ past 7. Fine day & warm[.] rested at 1 oclock till 3 – having rolled 10 miles – Travelled 2 miles – and crossed a Stream then crossed the east Branch of the Nishny Bottomy [Nishbotna] River – afterward – we crossed Indian Creek and camped close by at half past 6[.] (a pioneer party was sent before to prepare the Banks of the Streams for crossing with Bro Gates[)] – during the night Heavy Storm. Thunder & lightning – about 50 miles from Kanesville 28 Tuesday. Off the ground by a quarter to eight A’M. Travelled 15 miles and rested for dinner[.] Travelled 5 miles more then was ferried over the West Fork of the Nishny Bottomy River – and camped at 9 oclock – plenty of Wood and Water[.] (Paid a Quarter dollar each for the Waggons being Ferry’d over. Cows and Oxen Swam across[.] no accident occurred (Watch appointed[.)] 21 $ for waggons for L10.0.0 company[.] Calf Broke it neck[.] Waggon run over it 29 Wednesday. Started ¼ to 8 – the ferry Boat Sunk – and Some of the Brethren had to swim for their lives – rolled on till 2 oclock[.] took refreshment. Crossed Silver Creek & Cag Creek. Travelled about 16 miles – camped ½ past 6 – plenty of Water – but little wood[.] Watch appointed[.] Camp general good health[.] 10 miles from Kanesville[.] (held a council meeting about watching[.] Bro Gates said we must be Strict about the watch as we were coming to an Indian country and that stringent measures must be adhered to [.] divided a Young Calf between the Sick and aged of the ten pound Compy. 30 Thursday. Fine morning[.] Started 8 oclock[.] early in the morning Bro Gates Said that Bro King should be disfellow shipped for carrying away a [p..n] of wood from a Bridge[.] arr rested from 1 until ½ past 2 – Travelled 14 miles – arrived in Kanesville 6 oclock[.] Bad feed for the cattle[.] supplied f with Water from a Cottage Well[.] Wood far off – gave an acct of the number of the people for food[.] Fine day[.] (Went on watch) with Moyes[.] Arrives – in Kanesville July 1 Friday. Very Hot. Waggons Brought Flour Bacon Salt Soap & Sugar[.] 6 Waggons employed – sold for 2 3 dollars (Trousers white)[.] Shawl – Curtains[,] Frock – Bought 12 lb of Sug – 4 lb currants – 1 Pint of oil pine of lemon [sic][,] tanni[c] acid – (Dealt to the Saints flour – 100 lb of Flour to each person.[)] 2 Saturday. Fine day[.] dealt to the Saints – Salt Soap (Sugar 1 lb of to each person[)] – 1½ oz tea to each lb[,] 1½ of soap to each person – also 10 lb of Bacon to each person[.] (Bro Dykes said dont sell calico or cloth[.] Calico 35 Cents in the Valley – linen – 1 doll per yard) 3 Sunday. Very Hot. a meeting[.] Elder Haight proposed and moved that Lyon be Chaplain that Waddington be Capt of the Whole Company under Bro Gates – that Moyes be Capt of 50. – that Bro Williams by be Captain of ten – Meeting at 6 oclock[.] Gates addressed the meeting[.] closed with prayer by Elder Lyon – watch appointed[.] E[lder] Gates exhorted to temperance[.] Henry Maiben’s Child Blessed by Eld Haight – Named Marian left at Kanesville – Bro Fell Parsons Ford Bath & Sis Bath Jordan 4 Monday. Fine day[.] Anniversary of the independence of America[.] Watch appointed all day (no cases of drunkeness)[.] (sold coat for Moyes for 3$) [(]Storm at Night) 5 Tuesday. Fine day[.] Watch appointed all day[.] preparing list for the Watch (Bro Smith seeking a lost Cow – Alf[red] Moyes and other B sent Brought home 2 oxen bought by E. Gates[.] (Bro Moyes and others Building a Bridge) 6 Wednesday. Fine day – appointed a Watch during the day – as well as night[.] Bro Gates making inquiry about moving camp close to Missouri River[.] Saints buying and selling. Arranging their waggons and preparing to start 7 Thursday. Fine day. Started from the Camp at Kanesville from 3 oclock P.M. – arrived by the side of Missouri River – in the evening – formed the waggons into a ring – appointed watch – (Paid 25 cents to Hiller for putting a shelf to waggon[)] (spoke to Bros Ford – Parsons – who said they would come no further at present on acct of Fatigue – and want of good Cookes victuals – Bro Fell also stayed at Kanesville – also Bro Jordan also Bro and Sister Bath. 8 Friday. Held a council meeting when it was moved [-] and carried that Elder Sims attend to arranging the list of the watch and that E Thirkell be released from his duty and only retain his captainship – a meeting in the evening Elder Lyon[,] Gates present[.] opened with prayer[.] Elds Gates[,] Lyon[,] Waddn [Waddington] addressed the meeting[.] watch appointed 9 Saturday. Cows equally divided among the company. Bro [William S.] Gibb[s] & [Thomas] Hillier employed making yokes – Bro Moyes & other Brethren – making preparations to cross the water[.] Bro Brown Appleton Almond Company joined us[.] Weather Fine – (a ferry boat home made in used a Skiff & Ferry Boat in use to take us across the Slew[,] the overflowing of the Missouri 10 Sunday. All hands busily employed[.] Women and children watching the Cattle[.] others employed[.] Some employed making a Br road from the slew to the river – one waggon got across only. (Bro Lyon appointed by Elder Gates to see after the Watch[.)] (one waggon joined the camp of the Danes 2 miles from the Missouri[.)] One Waggon crossed the Missouri 11 Monday. Many hands employed in getting across the Slew—and Missouri. 12 waggons[.] the labor was heavy as the Banks of the Missouri was soft and the the was over their Knees pulling the Boat along[.] the rest was plying at the Oars and [-] to the sail But little Wind[.] every body employed[.] Some mending[.] cattle[,] weather fine 1½ $ each Waggin 12 Tuesday. Fine day and wind in our favor[.] 16 Waggons got across, with less difficulty as we big an [began] to better. understand our work (10 Men was appointed to Watch cattle night and day. to Sleep in Bro [Charles] Noyce[’]s tent) then were a few unwilling to work[.] Bro [Jacob] Gates said they should have their things put out and left behind – This message had the effect of setting them to work[.] one dollar and half paid for each Waggon[.] Thank God no accidents occurred. no one took Cold as yet though many of us were up to our middle and water disengaging the Boat rope from off the Snags 13 Wednesday. This Morning very fine[.] the remainder of the Waggons got across. a 12 yoke of cattle- the Wind blew hard and we were in danger a little[.] I gathered 12½ doll[ars] of the Independent Company for their Waggons & loose Cattle Crossing the Slew & River—1½ dol for each Waggon & 10 cents for loose Cattle[.] all hands employed – 2 Watches appointed on the Slew side[,] watch to remain there Dol[lar] Cent – for each wagon and sleep in Noyces Tent – (an abundance of milk for those on the Slew side of the River 1 50 Gathered for the Whole of the Independent Company – 14 doll 10 cent 14 Thursday. Crossed a fork of Platte River[.] Very Fine day[.] all of the Saints very Busy the whole of the day from early morning to night[.] at night the Boat was in use[.] Bro [John] Bignal and his men and Bro [Thomas] davidson and his men were employed[.] about 24 yoke of cattle got over the Missouri, the Wind blew very hard in our favor[.] a few gallons of whiskey were drank) [.] many of the Brethren were up to their necks in water and mud. Considerable labor in hauling the boat along the Strand of the River[.] mud up to the knees along the towing path[.] (went to town and made—purchased for 2 Bills[:] Hat[,] Whiskey – was without food whole of the day. (preparing charcoal)[.] Repairing Waggons[.] an abundance of pasture and wood[,] water[.] Watch day and night. 15 Friday. fine Weather[.] got remaining of the Cattle over—Save a few missing cattle—preparing to Start coming across 16 Saturday. Started at 9 o clock from the encampment 2 Miles Valley Side of the Missouri River—travelled [illegible] Miles—and—camped after resting 1½ hour at dinner time[.] very stormy night[.] difficulty in raising men for Watch[.] Bro [Jonathan] Moyes sick after cattle with Bro Waddington 17 Sunday. Started 9 o clock[.] fine day[.] rolled on 10 Miles and rested. accomplished 8 miles more[.] good road—cross papier River [Papillon Creek]—good Bridge[.] prepared list for 4 Captains—for night Watch only and a list of old men and boys for day morning and evening watch—prepared Cow list—plenty wood and water[.] Prepared a Watch Loup fork 18 Monday. Started 8 o clock[.] crossed the Elk Horn River. Paid one dollar for each Team for (also Crossed a creek before) [.] Rolled about 18 Miles. Camped plenty of Wood and $20 t 10 company Water—Davidson on Watch $9 Independent 19 Tuesday. Started 8 Clock[.] Cool Weather[.] Raining in afternoon[.] camped 7 o clock[.] No wood nor water—Moyes & Waddington returned with. 5 Cows[.] Watch appointed—(rested 2 Hours Midday—passed—3 dead oxen[.] Travelled 18 Miles.Sold Ox & calf for $5Chaffield – on Watch 20 Wednesday. Started 6 o 7 Clock without Breakfast. Because of no wood nor water[.] Rested - 11—and Stayed ½ Past 2—Crossed Shell Creek and 2 other Streams—camped—8 o clock[.] few fires lighted—most of us wet throw [through.] Weather Cool. (skunk by A Moyes under the ear)[.] [-] Thirkel[l] & Wilson and men on Watch[.] Now faling “ about the line of Waggons) 21 Thursday. Started 10 OClock[.] Travelled along a good Sandy Road[.] camped on the Bank of Platte River[.] Plenty of Wood[.] (overtook Bro Wheelocks Camp. Waited while he ferried over. 22 Friday. ferried over the Loup Fork of Platte River—began ¼ 4 [3:45] AM finished 11 Oclock—(paid 1 Doll[ar] t 10) [.] Com[pany] $20[.] Indep[endant] $13each Waggon— had Breakfast rolled on from 1 P.M to 7 oclock about 12 Miles—and Camped[.] But little Water[.] no wood—very good Road 23 Saturday. Started ¼ to 8 [7:45.] Rolled on 10 Miles[.] rested 2 Hours for dinner and rolled on 10 Miles more[.] very good Sandy Road[.] camped 8 o clock[.] plenty of Wood (Came to a Sandy pass Between Bluffs[.] (Bros Chatfield [and] Jones on Watch) 24 Sunday. Camped all day[.] Many of the Sisters in the Morning Baking & cooking[.] Some of the Brethren Cookie fishing. Some gathering Wood (the day was very fine. in the afternoon 4 o Clock a meeting was called by the Blowing of the Horn[.] Bro Lyon[,] [Richard] Waddington, Gates addressed the meeting – Bro Lyon exhorted to general obedience, and suplications to God[.] Bro Waddington said he could lie down happy because he felt He had done his duty. Bro Gates observed that we was amongst the Pawnee Nation the meanest of the American Tribes – exorted us to watch and not to be far away from the camp – no[t] to whip our cattle to much- and pray to God to combat the elements for us. He said we had improved more than he expected – in driving – and general knowledge of our duties – remarked we should have Buffalow meat soon – he said our circumstances would be worse because of the saleratus – and poisonous water – he wanted to eat his dinner the fi[th] of October in the valley[.] Lyon closed meeting with prayer 25 Monday. Started 8 O Clock[.] rolled on till 1 o clock – rested one hour and half—near the fork of Platte River. (enquired after Elder Horsfalls health[.] Saw him—he seemed dying. Breathing very hard – rolled on again and camped at 7 o clock[.] no wood—a Pond near—used Chips for firing—Plenty of grass—very Sandy Hilly Road[.] Travelled about 15 miles. [John] Squires—children poorly[.] thought the health of the camp not so good—Saw a grave of a Dane X [illustration] X. 26 Tuesday. Started ¼ 8—Rolled on till one[.] rested and Buried our Bro—Started again—and camped acrossed prairy [Prairie] Creek—no wood[.] much difficulty in crossing[.] Bro Waddington—Hawkins had to unload 3 chains snapps and hooks[,] 1 Yoke Broken[.] (our road was sandy and very heavy and Men and Beast very tired—grass rather Scanty in places Jno Horsfall an Elder from London died this day 8½ PM[. Buried 1 o clock complaint disease of kidney and rushing of Blood to head[.] Had 2 fits[.] age 51[.] (Bro Horsfall was an amiable man—and died with a smile on his countenance. he had suffered much from dibeitz [diabetes]—Bro Lyon prayed over him and carved a Tablet to his memory 27 Wednesday. Started 8 o clock. good mould road[.] Travelled 12 Miles and arrived at Wood Creek[.] 3. O Clock—Overtook Wheelocks Company—plenty of wood—and running stream (generally inployd [employed] Baking wooding—glad to get wood after—Buffalo & ox chips—167½ miles from Winter Quarters—crossed 3 mud holes[.] Bros Chatfield & Jones on Watch – Fine weather. 28 Thursday. X [illustration] X The Morning past was spent Mending chains &c Bro David Coordon died age 77 at 10½ o clock—Buried at 1 o clock[.] (prayer by Bro Lyon[.] (Brethren cutting wood—Fishing &c[etc.] Sisters employed Cooking, Baking, Washing as we heard wood would be scarce[.] Rolled on 9 miles and after 4 o clock camped[.] 8 o clock plenty of Water Grass 3 Miles from Wood[.] Thirkell on Watch. a few Muscaters [mosquitoes] 29 Friday. Wet day. Met 27 Elders from Valley[.] 6 Waggons—and—27 Horses & mules[.] Started—9 o clock[.] crossed Ash Creek[.] Travelld with Wheelocks Company—and camped at night with them. at 8.0 Clock, gave Bro Ross letter to Tho. Hilliker—Water no Wood—Travelled 18 Miles—good Mouls Road—rested 1 o clock[.] a Waggon & Buggy—the Californian Emigrants [-] Intelligence that Buffalos were near us 30 Saturday. Started 8½[.] Saw 12 Indians[.] they smoked—and took oath—in Wheelocks Company[.] passed Wheelocks Company. 10 o clock crossed Elm Creek. rested at 3. o clock—Traveld altogether about 20 Miles—camped—at Buffalo Creek a running Stream good Water and not much Wood 6 Miles from Buffalo Creek 31 Sunday. Travelled 7 Miles before Breakfast and camped at Buffalo Creek[.] a running stream of good water. not much water Not much wood[.] held a meeting at 5 o clock—Morning part spend on Bathing Baking &c Several Brethren went after herd of Buffalo that was left on the road. Elder Forsgreen Company left us after this Meeting—his company did not join the meeting—Bro Gates remarked that we had much improved and all hand[s] to assist at pushing the Waggens— X [illustration] X August 1 Monday. Started ½ past 7—Rolled on 10 Miles—and rested. Crossed Buffalo Creek[,] Willow Creek and another. rested at 4 o clock during a violent Storm of Hail/Rain—Rolled 7 Miles more—total 17 Miles—passed 3 Graves—one of an Emigrant Shot by an Indian. on Watch—one Name of Johnson one Healey with a note behind the Tablet for a man the Name of Adams—and—Bro Chambers who came by the International[.] Various Buffalo Bones about[.] In company with some californian Emigrants— with sheep & cattle[.] No Wood plenty of Grass[,] Water 2 Tuesday. Started 7½ o clock[.] Rested 1 o clock[.] very fine day—Road Sandy—Rolled on very fast—camped near the Platte River. Plenty of Grass But little Wood[.] Rolled on about 18 Miles, 20—Martin & Bignal on Watch—Good Spirits returning Principles conversed upon—Peace in the camp—Drovers near us—a little sickness. muscators— 3 Wednesday. 4th Thursday. Chatfield & Jones on Watch. Started 8 O. Clock after Bro Thirkell buried his child— [drawing of a baby] BIRTH of a Male child [Eli Brazee Hawkins] of Bro Hawkins. rested at 1. O clock near a Beautiful Spring of Cold Water[.] very Hot[.] Elder [John] Butlers child was not hurt seriously was administered to—up walking. Camped at Car[r]ion Crick [Creek]. fuoer [fewer] Muskaters—enjoying our Buffalo—Travelled 17 Miles—and heard [.] In Company with Elder Haight, he had seen Buffallow 4 Thursday. 3 Wednesday X [illustration of coffin, etc.] X died Rebecca Thirkell Age 11 months[.] from Brigstock Northamptonshire[.] From Brethren this morn with some Californian drivers[.] Shot 2 Buffalos[.] divided among the Waggons—Started 12 O Clock[.] rather a Short time—rolled on 15 Miles. Elder [John] Butlers little boy fell under the waggon and was run over by the Hind Waggon Wheel—seemed hurt no Bones Broke 5 Friday. Started 8 O.Clock[.] rested at 1[.] Crossed 4 Muddy Creeks—Sandy road near the Platte River[.] Bro Waddingtons Horse Mired and left till mired Morng [morning] at Black Mud Creek[.] Made 14 Miles[.] Grass Water[,] no Wood 6 Saturday. Started 7½ rested at 11½ [.] a very Sandy road Crossing Between Bluffs[.] Made 15 Miles[.] Crossed the North Fork of the Platte River[.] no wood, plenty of grass and Water[.] a very Hot day[.] (Bro Waddington left Behind (Horse) [.] fewer Muscaters [mosquitoes.] recoovry [recovery] of Health. late in the evening a violent Thunder Storm[.] several of the Brethren felt a Shock through the lightning[.] tent were blown over 7 Sunday. A Fine Morning after the Storm[.] we spread out our wet Bedding[.] the ground about the Camp was covered[.] (2 Waggons was repaired[.] one had a new axle tree put which took the whole of the day, very busy Cooking and Baking[,] Washing[.] at 4½ a meeting assembled[.] Elders Gates[,] Lyon[,] Waddington addressed the meeting[.] Bro Gates cautioned us not to eat more than 4 or 5 lb of Buffalo—also to pray against Sickness[,] as we had brought the Seeds of Sickness from the Missouri[.] also to be peaceful and prayerful and have power with God. to value life [-] we might speak ill of him behind his back but not before his face[.] to cultivate good feeling among each other—not to leave our Waggons as we had no wood this side fort laramie[.] to be kind to others—Lyon closed the meeting[.] davidton [Davidson] [Hogan] No Wood. Plenty grass & Water. 8 Monday. Started 7 O Clock[.] a very Sandy Road Between Bluffs[.] rested at 1 oclock till 3 o clock[.] Crossed 4 Sandy Creeks—Sandy Bluff Creek[.] Camped at 6 o.Clock[.] grass—Water—Some sickly in the Camp—No Wood—passed—Forsgreen Camp at dinner Time— (Saw the print of the foot of Some wild Beast[.] (Jones/Chatfield on Watch[.] Camped in a Storm[.] Heavy peals of thunder Lightning[.] (the Danes are now passing us) Travelled about 15 Miles 9 Tuesday. Started 8[.] Crossed Shoal Creek[,] Small Creek & Small Creek—rested at Rattle Snake Creek for two hours—in Company with the Danes—camped 7 o clock[.] No Wood plenty of Grass near the North Fork of the Platte River[.] also Crossed Goose Creek[.] for the Most part a Sandy heavy road[.] Travelled 15 Miles[.] Much better[.] Big MusCaters [mosquitoes.] Saw 5 Indian Sioux Hunters[.] gave them some Sugar. Sickness still in the Camp[.] a Fine day[.] Watson/Thirkell on Watch 10 Wednesday. Started 7¼[.] Crossed Wolf Creek, a Steep Sandy Road—Between Bluffs. Rested 1.O Clock[.] Made 14 Miles—plenty of Muscaters) [.] Camped 7 o clock. Grass & water[.] (Bignal on Watch[.] very Cold all day[.] left the Danes Camp Behind[.] Saw several (Sioux Indians on horses[.] gave them Bread & Sugar 11 Thursday. [drawing of a casket] DIED Mary Agnes Thirkell—age 6 Years of Brigstock Park Northamptonshire—of Fever—Start[.] Had Buried 1 o clock[.] Started 8 rested at 1—Crossed Castle Creek[.] Road part Sandy part Mould[.] Made 18 Miles (Camped 7 o clock[.] no Wood[.] near the fork of River got Grass[.] Saw a Tablet Stating “ Haight passed on the 7th August[.] (Davidson & Noyce on Watch) 12 Friday (Half-quarter Day). Started 8 o clock[.] rested 1 o clock[.] Crossed Crabb Creek) very Sandy Road—made 18 Miles (about) Camped 6 O Clock[.] fine day (passed a dead ox[).] Chaffield [Chatfield] on Watch[.] Several sick Ague[.] Poor feed at Stagnant Water No Wood[.] Gathered some Wood that had floated on the Sand 13 Saturday. Started 8½ O Clock[.] a very Sandy Road[.] Crossed 3 dry creeks[.] rested against the Ancient Bluffs Ruins[.] rested 1 to 2½[.] Camped 6½[.] plenty of Gras but way from the Platte River—no Wood—92 Miles from Laramie[.] passed a Dead ox[.] Fine day[.] found that Burning Buffalo chips in front of our Tent Kept Muskaters away—less ague & fever in the Camp 14 Sunday. Very fine Morning[.] Bro Forsgreen Company passed us at 2 o clock[.] we held a council meeting[.] decided A. Moyes[,] Hawkins[,] King[,] & Griffeths be held in reserve for extra Watch—for neglecting their Watch[.] also that the team tens water their cattle[.] that Bro [George P.] Waughs Waggon be lightened[.] that co [James] Almond and Caffly [Cuffley] be appointed day Wat Captains. a Meeting at 6 oclock[.] Elders Gates[,] Waddington[&] Lyon attended the Meeting—Testimonies were Borne[.] E. Gates exhorted us—to pray for the Sick not to While—to be kind and to go to the Valley with the Spirit of God in our faces 15 Monday. Started 8 o clock[.] rested at 1—very Sandy Road. Chimney Rock in sight[.] no creeks—rolled on 20 Miles remarkably well. Camped 7 o clock[.] good grass North fork of Platte—Bro [William] Tremayne Still Sick of ague—and Sister [Janet] Forbes. fine day. Noyes [Moyes] & davidson on Watch 16 Tuesday. Started 8.O.clock—rested at ¼ 1 O clock—till 2½[.] a Sandy Gravally Road[.] no. Creeks—Bro Moyes went Back after a lone Cow—and found a Wolf eating her. Several wolves had been there that her Bones had been nearly picked. Camped 7½ close to Platte[.] Grass good. plenty of Buffalo Chip and Some. Sage[.] air very pure[.] health of Camp improving—Jones & Chatfield on Watch. Made about 21 Miles[.] a fine day[.] the Company in front. passed Chimney Rock 17 Wednesday. Started 8 o.clock. Rolled till 12½[.] Sandy Road—but harder and Better Travelling—camped—7 o clock[.] good grass a mile & half from the Platte—a Small with well near[.] Rolled on about 15 Miles—Still Burning Buffalo Chips[.] very hot day[.] Still Sickness[.] Child of Bro Squires very bad[.] Wilson & Thirkell on Watch[.] (Private Council Meeting [John] Peterson[,] Striker[,] A. Moyes) be appointed day Wat Captains. a meeting at 6 oclock[.] Elders Gates[,] Waddington[,] Lyon attended the meeting—Testimonies were Borne[.] E. Gates exhorted us—to pray for the Sick not to While—to be kind and t go to the Valey with the Spirit of God in our faces. In the Morning we forded the River to ascertain if we Could Cross—found we Could not 18 Thursday. Started 7½[.] rested at 1—Better Road[.] Sandy in Places—Rolled on 22 Miles—passed the Danes about 5 o clock[.] camped 7½ o clock—Wood—Water ½ Mile—Bad feed for Cattle—Millions of Grass hoppers. Air remarkable Clear & Pure[,] a luxury to breathe[.] (Bignal on Watch. 18 Miles to Laremy [Laramie]— 19 Friday. Started 7½[.] very Sandy heavy Road[.] Camped—between 12½ and 2½[.] Made about 14 Miles. (davidson and Noyes on Watch. a few Miles from Fort Laramy – poor feed. Near the Platte[.] camped—8½[.] Wood in Plenty 20 Saturday. Started 7½ - Arrived at FORT LARAMY [Laramie] at 11 oclock after crossing—a wide part of the Platte[.] current very strong. Many Brethren Bought of Government Stores[.] Treade 120c Gall Lagur 15 cent per lb Ham 17½ cents per lb[,] Pork 12½[,] Bacon 15 cent per lb (the Stores charged by Dollar a gallon for treaded and every thing in else—proportions—the Government officer was very Kind to us[.] Camped ½ 5 [4:30][.] poor feed—near the Platte[.] Made—10 Miles about—rejoycing we had come half way[.] Chatfield on Watch 21 Sunday. 6 Miles west of Laramy good feed near the Platte (Bro Williams at work[.] Held a council meeting[.] parted the company[.] 17 Waggons with Waddington & Thirkell. 9 independent and 8 [br---] company—and 16 with Gates and Moyes. (Bro Capt Maiben & Capt. Davidson with the first company. Yates addressed the meeting—Lyon closed With prayer[.] Plenty of wood. Washing And Baking[.] health of the Camp Improved. Thirkell on Watch other the side the river—8 Brethren Swam on Horseback Swam across—Co journal officer at our meeting 22 Monday. A Fine Day—parted with Bro Waddington Company—16 Waggons—in the Morng rested hourselves [ourselves] the whole of the day[.] held a Council Meeting—appointed 22 Night Watchmen and they rest [in the] Morning and every Watchman spent there [afternoons] Washing & Baking[.] 3 Sisters went to fort Laramy—6 Miles away[.] was fetched home late[.] Making at the forge to repair Waggons—cattle on the other side the River—good feed plenty of Wood—the Danes passed us. Bignal on Watch—) So 7 Saints still sick 23 Tuesday. Much difficulty in crossing the River—with cattle—they Smelt Blood while gathering them—and Moaned and Scattered off[.] Bro Gates and Moyes assisted. the Road was very Hilly and Sandy[.] Started about 9 – O-Clock rested 3 o cock[.] Camped near a running stream plenty Wood—and Grass—(McCauslans axle Tree Broke[.] Made about 11 miles—(Maybin [Maiben] on Watch[.]) passed an Indian Trading Post. and Indian Village 24 Wednesday ([typed in]St. Bartholomew.) Started 8 O Clock[.] rested about 1-oclock for two hours[.] passed through a Beautifuly Mountainous Country[.] crossed a clear Cold Springs[.] Camped—6½[.] good feed & Spring Creek[.] abundance of loose Wood[.] lovely weather[.] the air very pure and the clouds very high[.] free from Muscaters[.] appearanceus [appearance] of Buffalo—(some Still Sick (Crossed the Mountain and came down near the edge of the River (Made 20 Miles) Maiben on Watch) 25 Thursday Started 8 o clock[.] rolled over a very Hilly country—rested at 1½ to 3.o clock. crossed a creek[.] we are now [on] a new Road for. 60 o[r] 70 Miles[.] camped at 6½ o clock. Near the river. Plenty of wood and Grass[.] a Beautiful day[.] air pure clear[.] rather cold morning and evenings[.] made 17 Miles. here you could see for 40 miles. distance[.] Saw two communitcators from the other part of our company[.] we found Elder Staight, Wilson on Watch, a few sick 26 Friday. Started at 8 O.clock and traveled a very hilly country and came into the old road and crossed—the Lebonte River and came into the North Fork of the Platte Lebonte River[.] rested at 4 for a short time and camped[.] But found no running water—obtained our water from small sleues. (Grass short but pretty fair for feed[.] Plenty of Wood. Made 18 Miles[.] Bignal on watch) the Travelling was generally fine[.] dry weather but cold in morg [morning] & nights (air pure) 27 Saturday. Started 8 O clock[.] crossed 3 dry creeks[.] rested 1½ [o’clock] for an hour[.] rolled on til 7 in the evening—very Mountainous Country—good supply of water from 2 Creeks[.] Grass short and dry[.] one ox Could scarcaly [scarcely] get along[.] air very heive [heavy]—and cool[.] Made 14½ Miles—road continually over rocks[.] passed some Sulfer rocks (Plenty of Wood [)] Chafford on Watch—Health a little better 28 Sunday. 7 men were Sickly with a fever y of [text missing.] 2 Oxen died[.] Started 8½[.] Travelled a hilly Sandy Country[.] Old Buck[,] an Old white ox dropped down dead. Was left on the road near dying State another ox that had been very Weakly all the time (we rested near one o clock—Crossed dear [Deer] Creek—the climate was cooler and Travelling easier. we purposed to overtake the remnant of our Company and did So—about 7½ near the River Platte[.] Scanty feed[.] our milk diminished—another Seemed [illegible] proportion of flour[.] all the Men were counselled to Walk all the time except the Sick 29 Monday. Bro Waddingtons Company Started first—and then we Started at 12[.] passed Crinked [Crooked] Muddy Creek and Camped on the Banks of the River Platte[.] Weather fine and refreshing—the Cattle fed on good Grass the other of the River[.] 6 Brethren were Still Sick with ague—We over took Bro Waddingtons Company and camped with be they went forward and camped Crucked [Crooked] Muddy Creek[.] road better and not so hilly[.] Wood plenty 30 Tuesday. Started ¼ to 8[.] Travelled a Sandy and Hilly Road rested for the most part[.] crossed muddy creek—& 2 deep ravines—and Camped at 5 O.clock Near the Platte River. very good grass—and plenty of Wood (ague Still in the Camp)[.] Many of the Saints had Some Mutton given to them by the Californian Emigrants[.] Some sold it to their Brethren. at 5 C[ents] p. lb[.] we made at 15 Miles and purposed to rest all day—Wednesday. (Bignal on Watch.) Some good large fish had been caught[.] all the men that could had been Counselled by Gates to Walk) and Women as much as they could— 31 Wednesday. rested the whole of this day[.] Bro Williams doing repairs & shoeing Cattle[.] Camping near the other part of our Company[.] Some caught fish weighing a pound each[.] we rested because we purposed to Travel 50 Miles the next 2 days[.] my left foot was Swollen[.] Gulfrem was administered to[.] got better of it[.] Chatfield on Watch[.] We held no Meeting this day[.] [illegible] feed for our Cattle hear at Platte[.] loads of Wood[.] a Beautiful camping place September 1 Thursday. Started 7½[.] Crossed the Platte River and took a new Road directed by the Californians—who gave us several sheep that they could not carry along—we rested about one O’Clock by the Platte[.] by this Road we avoided the Poisonous Springs 16 Miles POISONOUS – SPRINGS Bro Waddingtons part of the Company traveled with us—we camped together 7. o clock[.] No Water middling feed[.] we took enough water with us[.] NO WATER tho Sick a little Better[.] (Some Service Berries [illegible]—Mabin on Watch[.] very little milk— 2 Friday. Started ¼ 8[.] avoided drinking as water Till we were told we came to a good Spring where we watered the Cattle. and travelled altogether about 18 Miles[.] BIRTH of a male child [Charles Horsecroft Wyatt] of Jno Snoses [John Moses Wyatt,] Sarah Wyatt from Brighton Sussex—camped near a spring midday feed for Cattle[.] No Wood[.] plenty of Sage for Burning[.] our Company together—Sickness Still with us—fine dry Weather 3 Saturday. Started 8½[.] rolled along a Heavy Sandy road[.] camped 4—o clock near a Stream[.] No Wood[.] rather Scant feed[.] camped 1 Miles from Independence Road [Rock][.] passed a Salaretas [saleratus] lake—and gathered plenty of Saleratus[.] cows giving but little Milk[.] provident [illegible] we [illegible] were blessed with Mutton[.] flour was rather low and bacon nearly gone—the Sick little Better[.] Come to Sweetwater River 4 Sunday. (15th after Trinity) Started 8 O Clock[.] passed considerable Saleratus[.] passed the Devils Gate[.] Rocky Mountainous country[.] camped by a Stream[.] middling feed for Cattle[.] for fuel Sage[.] OX DIED Elder Gates called a Meeting[.] Elder Lyon opened with prayer[.] [-] Gates stated that we must roll on as we had not too much Bread Stuffs. He exhorted to be faithful and prayer that the Lord might control the elements for us[.] He said he was not so religious to stay in place on Sunday while his cattle were starving—He had used all the Wisdom God had given him to do[.] He had done his best[.] He Said dont sell a pound of flour[.] Chatfield on Watch[.] the whole of the Company together (Weather very windy and cold— 5 Monday. Startd 8[.] rested near 1[.] Made 17½ Miles[.] Camped Sweet water [Sweetwater] River[.] Bitter feed[.] No Wood[.] rocky Mountains country[.] May camped 6 o clock[.] 1 Cow very weakly[.] the whole of Compy together[.] Morni[n]gs very cold & cross[.] loads of Saleratus[.] getting very short of flour[.] Wild ducks shot— 6 Tuesday. Start[e]d 7½[.] rolled on till 12 O Clk[.] Camped for 1½ hours—a heavy Sandy Road[.] camped 5½ Near the Sweet water (River—Wood growing on the rocks[.] middling feed—we had a Cow that would not travel Westward[.] a frost in night. 7 Wednesday. Started ¼ 8[.] Bro Sims and Bro Priestley went Back 3 Miles after a weak cow[.] She would not travel[.] Bro Williams shot the COW[.] [illegible] were 10 Miles behind the Camp and got home 10-O Clock at night[.] a the Camp was by the Sweetwater River[.] Poor feed for Cattle[.] Camp travelled 18 Miles[.] crossed the SweetWater 3 times[.] Burning Sage[.] Weather Cold except middle of day (gross salaratus)[.] road Sandy and heavy (Country Rocky[.] Wolves Howling—Some Ducks[,] 1 Goose and hares Shot 8 Thursday. Started ¼ 9—rested for food for Cattle and to [-] get wood for charcoal—Travelled 14 Miles. rested at 1 O.Clock[.] Camped near the Sweetwater River[.] Feed for Cattle rather poor[.] Plenty of Plenty of Wood—rough Sandy Roads 9 Friday. Started 9 o clock[.] rough Hilly Road[.] rested 1 oclock for half an hour[.] Made 15½ Miles[.] crossed Strawberry Creek & aspenpoplar Creek—Camped at Willow Creek (crossed the Sweetwater River once[.] Poor fieed feed[.] left a Cow behind and an ox and found her devoured[.] Met Doctor Bernisel with the Mail 10 Saturday. Started 9½[.] Travelled 4¾ Miles and rested—near a narrow Stream—and pretty Fresh grass—Went on and Made altogether 12 Miles (at Night Charles Decker with a few others camped with us close to Sweetwater River—Middling feed[.] well off for Wood. Weather cold morning[.] fine Weather. Saw Snow capped Mountains[.] Bro Moyes[,] Smith away all night supposed they camped with the Danes—in search of 2 to Missing oxen[.] Bro Waddington and Bro [William] Evans—took a road wrong road a little way from the Camp 11 Sunday. (16th after Trinity) Rested all day (Bro Williams Shoeing Cattle all the day[.] in evening we held a council Meeting to arrange the watch[.] Bro Gates addressed us exhorted us to diligence and care of our Cattle[.]) Made out a list of men women and children & Cattle to forward by the next mail to the Valley—(we organized our company into one part which before was Separated in two parts—a fine day—104 Men—88 Womin [women] 72 children Passed Pacific Spring -- 12 Monday. Started 7½[.] rested 12[.] Gave the cattle feed off a Sough – Travelled 22 miles—Camped 9 O Clock Without feed Wood or Water—crossed the Dividing ridge. (Big Sandy) crossed Little Sandy Pacific Creek[.] Camped on the Junction & Pacific Creek & at the Oregon and Californian Road DEATH Rick [Richard] Fell Squires 5 y[ears] 10 m[onths][.] from Putt Putney England 13 Tuesday. Started 5¼ without Breakfast[.] rested at Big Sandy[.] Plenty of Water Wood and Middling—feed for Cattle[.] 204 Miles from Valley[.] Little Sandy Weather very fine day warm[.] made 14 Miles[.] Camped[.] Middlg good feed & Water no W little Wood[.] Squires child Buried 2 OXEN killed Cause of Weakness[.] Independent oxen 14 Wednesday. Travelled 17 Miles this day[.] Started 8 O Clock rested 20 minutes—Camped KILLED AN OX and divided it out[.] Met Bro Piercy and seveal Elders from the Valley— Camped at Big Muddy Big Sandy[.] Mi Poor feed & good Water & Wood 15 Thursday. Started 9½[.] rested for 2 hours at Green River. In Company with the Danes crossed the Green River—Camped 3½ Miles near the Green River—Wood & middling feed[.] found a sick ox and killed it s[.] weather cold (little rain)[.] Travelld about 15 Miles—(Sandy Road and Windy 16 Friday. Started 20 past 10[.] rested for 20 Minutes at 2. O Clock—Travelled on altogether 17 Miles—and camped Near Green River—7 O Clock—Scanty grass—large Sage[.] Sandy Road—(Bro [Francis] Crowther very Bad) Father Haggie [Heggie] broke his legs) (Bro [Junius] Crosland Mountain fever. & delirious) (Health of Camp Improving—Sister Forbes still ill COW—DIED 17 Saturday. Started 10. o. Clock[.] Travelled 5 Miles and Camped at Ham[’]s Fork to Burn Charcoal. and Shoe the Cattle[.] plenty of good Grass—& Water and an abundance of Wood 1853 9th Month, September 18 Sunday. Sunday Camped all day (Shod Some Cattle (Hams Fork[.] Bro Crowther very Bad 2 OXEN DIED 1 Dead OX Since 11 Sept[:] Dead ox 7 4 1[.] Dead Cow 2 2 1[.] 22 Sept: 23 30 25 19 Monday. Started 8½ O. Clock[.] Crossed Black fork of Green River[.] Travelled 14 Miles—Middling Grass—Plenty of Wood[.] (DEATH) of Francis CROWTHER[.] Age 27 from Birmingham[.] Camped at the 4th of the Black Fork of the Green River[.] Waddington & Urie Started 20 Tuesday. Started 8½[.] Rested about from 1 to 3[.] Camped at FORT BRIDGER [.] Middling feed[.] Bro Gates found an ox and divided it out 21 Wednesday (St. Matthew). Started 9 O Clock[.] rested near 12 for 1½ hours[.] Crossed Mud Creek and Camped without Water good feed plenty of Wood[.] Camped Near the Soda Springs[.] Waughs tongue of Waggon Broke[.] Bro Gates Held a Council Meeting to divide the D 10.0.0. flour equally[.] EGates this movement was carried by all round the Council 22 Thursday. DEATH of JUNIUS CROSLAND [.] Age 30 from London[.] Started 8 O. Clock[.] Travelled 17 Miles[.] Camped at Bear River[.] Plenty of Wood &W and Fine feed[.] Very Mountainous Country 2 ox dead 2 Cow Dead[.] Passed the Soda Springs— 23 Friday. Camped all day By Bear River to Shoe Cattle & Repair [illegible.] and went back food Waggon and to bring Some Cattle that was left Behind[.] Met Some Brethren from the Valley who told us that provisions was coming 3 OXEN 4 died 24 Saturday. Started 8½ O. Clock[.] Crossed Willow Creek and camped[.] Travelled 15 Miles (near a Stream[.] No Wood— lost 2 Cows 1853 9th Month September 25 Sunday (18th after Trinity) Started 8¾[.] Rested and rested from 1 to 3 rouung [illegible] all the time[.] Travelling along the Echo Ka Kanyons [Canyon]—Plenty Wood Water and Grass[.] Made 14 Miles—Thirkell on Watch[.] lost 1 Ox and 1 Cow 26 Monday. Traveled about 14 Miles and Camped at Weber River[.] Bro Willliams Darley & Danley [Danby] found 5 horses 2 mule[.] Mary Williams Without food (Bro Nayee let us have some Biscuit and Bad Oatmeal[)] 27 Tuesday. Started 10.O Clock and rested abt ¾ of an hour. Made about 13 Miles. lent Bro Forsgreen a horse[.] Country very Mountainous and numerous creeks[.] dividing a little oatmeal and Biscuit among the Bretheren who were desperately short—(pudson on watch[)] DIED 4 OXEN—1 ox killed for eating 28 Wednesday. Started 8.o.Clock Travelled over the Hills 4 miles High—met P.P. Pratt had brought us—200 lb of flour[.] we served out ½ a Panacan to adults – Camped[.] turnd the top of Hill[.] Cowes Compy. (in Sight of the Valley Basin) Thirthith 3th Lyon 1 OXEN – 1 Cow lost 29 Thursday. Started Near 10. O Clock[.] Made about 8 Miles—Fine day—got [a..] Some of the Waggons left behind a Mile (Some Wagons passed us laden with flour— Wilson[,] Sarley[,] Damby 2 OXEN – COWS Ford[,] Hayward[,] Welsh[,] Wilson 30 Friday. Arrived in Salt Lake City[.] 2 Waggons overturned. 4 OXEN COWS

Birth of Eli Brazee Hawkins

Contributor: Simini Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago

Entries from: Farmer, James, Journal, 1851 Apr.-1856 Nov., fd. 1. -- (First are listed specific entries, followed by the entire listing of the journal. That is so we can see immediately, the entry/entries pertaining to Hawkins.) -- June 15th, 1853. arose at 3 and started on our journey[.] fine weather and beautiful scenery but an uneven road and large hills. about 1 we stopped and took refreshment and fed and watered the cattle[.] about 5 we came to Union Ville and at ½ past 5 a heavy storm came on[.] at this place descending to Soap Creek is a very large hill to go down[.] the worst I ever saw for waggons and the rain made it very bad for travelling. By the assistance of Bro. Gates who labored hard we all go[t] down safe but we were all wet through[.] there was plenty of feed and water[.] this evening I had to watch the cattle till 9 oclock[.] travelled 13 miles. -- June 25th, 1853. Rained heavy but afterwards cleared off[.] some of our waggons were 4 miles off[.] Bro. Gates ordered us to get ready and at 9 we started[.] the road was very bad for about 12 miles and bad places to cross[.] stayed about 7 miles on the way[.] plenty of wood and water[.] a large creek to cross and a very bad place[.] stopped about an hour and went on again[.] the road got better. About 8 we came to wood water and feed and campd about 10[.] the rest of our compy came up[.] all well and in good spirits[.] travelled 20 miles -- July 26th, 1853. Fine morning and the cattle all safe[.] started about 8 and at 9 Bro. George Horsefall [Horsfall] died, he had been ill some weeks and was unable to stand the fatigue of the journey[.] belonged to Paddington Branch London Confc [Conference.] aged 45[.] he was interred about 9 miles from our last camp ground on the left hand side[.] about 2 miles from there stood 3 trees in a row about ¼ of a mile from each other and close by the grave is a beautiful running water-—according to the testimony of the Brethren he was a man who had suffered much persecution in the Branch he came from and had proved himself a good and faithful saint on the journey[.] Elders Gates and Lyon officiated at his interrment [internment.] the road today the same as yesterday having to ascend large hills and sometimes up to the axles in sand. Traveled 7 miles further and came to a creek of beautiful water[.] a large stream with steep banks on both sides and very difficult to ford[.] we got over safe and campd at 7 Oclock[.] no wood[.] traveled 16 miles. -- -- (The above entries were included, notwithstanding it does not mention specifically the name Hawkins, because an entry was made in someone else's journal listing Hawkins having trouble with his wagon on those days. These entries show it was difficult for all people.) -- August 4th, 1853. Fine weather and the cattle safe[.] could see several buffalow feeding on the range of hills on the right[.] started at ½ past 7. traveled 3 miles and came close by the Bluffs[.] traveled by them all day[.] the roads were very bad with loose sand which tired the oxen very much[.] Stopped for dinner about 2. at the Cold Springs the water is very beautiful. There are 2 springs 300 yards from each other[.] Started again and came to Carrying [Carrion] Creek beautiful running water but no wood. About 4 miles from the Cold Springs the road is a little better as we leave the Bluffs to the right. Elder Haight passed us just as we started[.] he was quite well and reported Elder Wheelocks Compy 10 miles from us. Yesterday morning Bro. John Butlers little boy [David Butler] aged 7 years was trying to hang on the tent pole which was placed along side the waggon[.] he let go his hold and the wheel went over his back[.] there was 2400 lbs in it[.] we administerd to him and he was healed to the astonishment of all that saw it. The Wife of Bro. Harker [James Hawkins] gave birth to a male child [Eli Brazee Hawkins.] we stopped and campd for the night at this creek[.] travelled 16 miles. -- August 14th, 1853. Sunday. Fine morning. Cattle all safe[.] stayed here for the day[.] held a council meeting[.] business over by 3 Oclock and at 6 held another meeting[.] Elders Lyon, Waddington & Gates were present and imparted much interesting matter to us. we all rejoiced. the Danes passed us in the morning. -- (Now, here begins the full journal entries with nothing specifically listed under the name of Hawkins in any entry) -- Tuesday May 4th. I Brother Palmer and wife left for Keokuk with about 200 saints and arrived about 7 at night 5th. The Steamer was a quick boat named “Jenny Dean” [.] slept at the Depot all night. 6th. The Brethern came down from the camp with their teams to bring up our luggage[.] we rejoiced to see these brethern[.] they were located on the most healthy spot of ground in this country and all looked healthy and cheerful[.] we were kindly received[.] got our Wagon and put on the cover and retired to bed much tired. 7th. Visited the Saints in Camp[.] there were English, Irish, Scotch, Welch, Danish, French, and from all nations[.] I was much pleased to see such a company[.] they all seemed to enjoy themselves and always at night the camp echoes with the songs of Zion. At 10 at night the Bugle sounded for all the Saints to go to bed. The Camp was divided into Wards and men appointed to watch so many from each Ward. 10th. Sunday was a wet day which was a disappointment to the inhabitants of Keokuk who desired to hear the Gospel for themselves[.] the Presidents of each Ward embrased every opportunity to warn them. 11th. A fine day. Bro. Palmer with whom I had agreed in the presence of Bro. Angus at Liecester [Leicester] that he should fine [find] me provisions for my driving for him backed out and wanted me to find my own food and drive for nothing. I agreed to do so as far as the Bluffs but he gave me notice to get a fresh plan as he could not take me it being inconvenient as far as sleeping was concerned and I agreed to do so. 13th. Agreed with Elder Jacob Gates to drive his team to the Bluffs and he was to find me food for my labor and take my luggage free. During this week I worked on the public works four days for a Mr. Marshall[.] he refused to pay the saints more than one dollar each[.] there were hundreds of the Brethren working there and he robbed them all of part of their wages[.] We agreed to leave it in the hands of Elder Haight but at present he has not been able to get anything from him. 17th. This day there was Public preaching in the open air[.] the Congregations were addressed by elders Gates, Haight, Wheelock and others[.] Many of the inhabitants of Keokuk and surrounding country were present[.] all went off peacable and quiet and the Saints truly rejoiced[.] we also had with us Elders Harmon, Fosgreen, Kendall, Speakman, Clauson and Many others who did all they could to help the saints in their different Companies[.] about this time I wrote several letters to my friends in England[.] one to my Father[,] to Sister Batemen, Bro. Arnold and one to Bro. Bonn of St. Louis[.] Several companies of Saints had left for the Bluffs and we were preparing for the journey. 24th. The day appointed for our company to Roll out of keokuk[.] the morning was fine and about 10 we left in company with Elders Gates, and Harmon[,] 9 waggons in all[.] we went along very well but the road was bad and many of the Brethren had a great difficulty in getting along[.] about 12 we passed Bro. Browns waggon who was stuck fast at the rise of a hill[.] at 1 we stopped to take refreshment and to let the cattle feed. at 6 we stayed at the dividing creek for the night[.] plenty of wood and water. 10 miles from Keokuk[.] made our fires eat our suppers and went to bed. we had with us Bro. [John G.] and Sister [Lucy] Wilson and Sister Fosbury [Emma Forsberry]. there was plenty of grass for the cattle. 25th. Was a fine morning and we arose refreshed by repose[.] kindled our fires and got breakfast and roled out and arrived at ____________ Creek about 6 p.m. passing Charlestown by the way[.] pitched our tents and found plenty of water and grass[.] we camped in a valley surrounded by woods[.] the weather continued fine for several days[.] Elder Fosgreen came along and camped close by us with a compy of Dainish [Danish] Saints[.] we kept a watch over our cattle and did the best we could. June 2nd. Elder Gates left us to fetch a company from Keokuk according to his appointment[.] about sun down we had a heavy storm[.] Thunder and lightening and rain which continued all night[.] rained through our tents and wagon covers and we were wet all night[.] the storm appeared dreadful. 3rd. We found one of our oxen dead[.] it had been frightened by the thunder and got strangled in the Yoke. at 6 we found the water rising fast in the creek and at 8 we had to remove our waggons for the flood at this time was rising fast[.] so we removed to a hill a short distance from the creek and spent the day in attending to the cattle[.] at this time we are about 22 miles on our journey[.] Elder Fosgreen left here for Farmington on the 1st. of June[.] the Saints were all in good health. June 6th. 1853. Fine weather but bad road through so much rain having fallen. In the afternoon Elder Gates returned and informed us that his company was on the way and ordered us to prepare to start for Farmington the next day[.] the company came in camp all in good health. 7th. Arose about 4 and took our cattle out to feed[.] it was a fine morning and We all felt desirous to start and about 10 we started with about 30 waggons. 20 of them belonging to the L10 Compy [Ten Pound Company]. Bro. Gates was the President[.] the other waggons were independant. The Roads were very bad but most of the Compy got along very well. Bro. Gates taking a very active part and giving assistance on the way. Bro. Charles Welsh drove first with Bro. Thistles Waggon, I and Bro. Wilson and [William Frederick] Darly follwed with Bro. Gates & Waggons. Bro. Th_______ was captain over our ten and took an active part[.] we arrived at Farmington about 6 Oclock. many of the Brethren bought provisions to last them to the Bluffs[.] we afterwards crossed the Praies River (?)[.] Farmington is a small but neat town[.] the road from here to the camping place is bad and in wet weather impassable[.] the day being fine we got along very well[.] arrived at the camping ground[.] found plenty of feed and good water[.] it is about 14 miles from Sugar Creek[.] Many of the Brethren did not get in this evening[.] we arrived about 8. Made our fires cooked our supper and went to Bed. 8th. rose at 4[.] found the cattle all right[.] the morning was fine and Bro. Gates went to meet the cows on the road from Keokuk belong-ing to the L10 Compty. the Brethren began to arrive in Camp that could not get up the night before[.] they all got in by 1 and at 2 it began to rain and we stayed here 2 days. 10th. June. Bro. Gates returned quite unwell and gave orders to prepare to start the next day[.] in the afternoon he called a meeting and the company was organized and every thing set in order for the journey. Captains of ten and 50’s were chosen and appointed to the satisfaction of all. the day was fine and the Cattle in good order and the Saints desirous of moving. the cows came up for our Company and in the afternoon Elder Wheelock came with a large Compy of Saints and camp’d a short distance from us[.] in the evening we visited his camp and found the Saints well. 11th. Rose at 4 took breakfast[.] got the cattle up and about 8 all started[.] passed Elder Wheelock’s camp[.] found the road very bad worse than ever[.] I had seen them about 2[.] we stopped for dinner and moved on again[.] the road still bad[.] passed through day_____ where some of the Saints bought some provisions and camped 3 miles beyond[.] found plenty of good feed and water[.] arrived about 7[.] I and Bro. Wilson went on watch from 9 to 12[.] travelled 13 miles. 12. Sunday a fine day. Bro. Gates gave orders to prepare to travel and at 8 we started[.] the roads were better[.] the greater part of the journey was across praries[.] plenty of feed all along[.] in the evening we reached Spring Town and camped[.] this morning one of the Brethren had an ox die and during the day a few small accidents happened with the waggons[.] we travelled about 14 miles 13th. rose about 4 and went to watch the cattle[.] it was a fine morning. about 8 Bro. Wheelocks company of 50 waggons passed us and at 9 we started and soon over took them and travelled close to gether[.] we were detained some time during the day[.] the country was fine and at 12 we passed the town of Troy and 2 miles beyond we camped for 1 hour[.] before this we had passed Bro. Wheelocks Compy and at 6 we stayed for the night______plenty of feed and water in an open country[.] travelled 8 miles 14th. Fine morning[.] we arose about 3 Oclock and started at 6[.] Elder Wheelock’s Compy following close up[.] we travelled about 3 miles and had to make a bridge[.] the old one had fallen down[.] Elder Gates called for all the men that could be spared to help build it[.] this day the roads were a little better[.] the country was mostly inclosed[.] the soil appeared very rich[.] we camped about 11[.] took some provisions and started about 1. the roads this afternoon were not so good[.] arrived in Drakeville about 4[.] the roads from three miles were very bad through a timber country and from our last camping ground 14 miles[.] very scarce of water but here was plenty of water[,] wood and feed. the saints were all well and in good spirits. 15th. arose at 3 and started on our journey[.] fine weather and beautiful scenery but an uneven road and large hills. about 1 we stopped and took refreshment and fed and watered the cattle[.] about 5 we came to Union Ville and at ½ past 5 a heavy storm came on[.] at this place descending to Soap Creek is a very large hill to go down[.] the worst I ever saw for waggons and the rain made it very bad for travelling. By the assistance of Bro. Gates who labored hard we all go[t] down safe but we were all wet through[.] there was plenty of feed and water[.] this evening I had to watch the cattle till 9 oclock[.] travelled 13 miles. 16th. A small rain fell but afterwards it cleared off. Got the cattle up and started. About 9 we had to rise a large hill very difficult to get up[.] we all got up safe[.] for a short distance there was plenty of wood and the road uneven but it afterwards got better[.] Plenty of grass water and wood[.] pitched our tents and took supper[.] This evening I and Bro. Wilson went on watch from 8 to 11[.] all was safe and our cattle doing well 17th. rose at 4[.] it was a fine morning and we started on our journey[.] about 8 some of the Brethren lost their cattle but afterwards found them[.] the scene on our journey was beautiful[.] plenty of grass but good roads. travelled about 7 miles and stayed for dinner[.] plenty of water in the creek[.] at 2 we started again[.] the roads much the same and plenty of grass but short of water[.] about 12 miles from our last camping place[.] we travelled 4 miles further and came to a small creek but no wood within less than 2 miles[.] camped for the night[.] 5 waggons were not able to reach and camped 5 miles off[.] the watch was set[.] took supper and went to bed[.] travelled 16 miles. 18. rose at ½ past 3[.] found the cattle all safe and doing well[.] the morning was fine and delightful scenery all around[.] went on watch from ½ past 4 to 7 and at 9 we started[.] good roads but in some places uneven[.] not much wood or water but grass in abundance. the teams were in good order. we came to_____ about 7 miles from our last camp-ing ground[.] passed through the town and travelled 4 miles further and found a creek and plenty of good wood and water and grass[.] around about 4 got wood water and made a fire and had tea after which the sisters went a washing[.] All in good health and spirits both man and animals[.] traveled 11 miles. 19 Sunday[.] rose at 5. found the Cattle safe. Beautiful weather. the Brethern and Sisters spent their time in washing clothes and at 2 we started on our journey. the road was beautiful[.] short of timber and water difficult to get[.] we went along first rate and we stayed about 7 miles from our last camping place[.] here there was plenty of water but not much wood and feed. 20th. Got up at 4[.] watered the cattle[.] took breakfast and at ½ past 7 started on our journey. it was a fine morning and at 12 we stopped 7 miles from the last camp ground. plenty of wood and water[.] stayed 2 hours[.] fed the cattle and travelled 7 miles further and camped ‘mongst plenty of wood and water in a large creek[.] arrived about 6 oclock[.] took su[p]per[.] all in good health[.] travelled 14 miles. 21st. Rose at 4[.] found the cattle safe[.] took breakfast and started at 8. fine weather and the_______ roads very good[.] plenty of wood but water scarce. passed a few houses[.] stayed at 12 about 7 miles on the journey. plenty of water but no wood[.] Here sister Davis’s [Juliana E. Davies] child [William Davies] was buried near the Creek. started again at 2 Oclock[.] about a mile from where we stayed there was plenty of wood and water. We travelled about 13 miles further passing near neither wood or water all the way. stayed by a large creek leading from Grand River[.] found plenty of wood water and grass[.] took supper and went to bed at 10. travelled 20 miles. 22nd. rose at 4[.] cattle were all right[.] the weather was rather cold[.] started at 8. road not quite so good today. arrived at Mount Pisaugh [?] [Pisgah] about 12. here the Saints stayed where they were driven from Na[u]voo. the road just here is very bad[.] there is a large and dangerous hill to go down. We stopped on the other side of the creek, another branch from Grand River. plenty of wood water. this was 7 miles from our last Camp Ground. We crossed the same Creek 3 times and in one place had to make a bridge and camped about 4 miles from this creek. plenty of wood and water. this day one of the Brethern the tongue of his waggon [sentence unfinished] all the other teams came along safe. the Cattle were in good order[.] camped about 6. it rained at 10 this morning and continued for some hours and all got wet through[.] we travelled 12 miles. 23rd. The weather was fine. I went on watch from 2 till 5[.] the cattle were all right and we started about 8 and travelled 12 miles as there was no water between here and a large creek that flows from Grand River[.] we stayed here for the night[.] about 6 Bro. Constantine who broke down the day before came into camp[.] there was plenty of wood water and feed and all well and in first rate spirits. 24th. Rose at 4 and had orders to start at 7 as Bro. Wheelocks Comp[an]y had come up and Campd on the other side of the Creek[.] they were all well. the roads for about 12 miles from here is pritty good[.] at 12 we stayed for dinner by a small creek[.] plenty of wood water and grass[.] started again on an uneven road[.] came to some small creeks with very narrow bridges and one waggon was capsized right into the creek[.] a child was in it but took no hurt. a few miles further on was another bad place and in crossing the bridge one of the cattle got off but took no just [.] at this Bridge Elder Gates paid 3½ dollars for our Compy to cross. got over safe and camped for the night[.] had a very heavy storm during the afternoon and all got wet through[.] the sisters rejoiced though they had to pull off their shoes and stockings and wade through the water[.] this day travelled 25 miles 25th. Rained heavy but afterwards cleared off[.] some of our waggons were 4 miles off[.] Bro. Gates ordered us to get ready and at 9 we started[.] the road was very bad for about 12 miles and bad places to cross[.] stayed about 7 miles on the way[.] plenty of wood and water[.] a large creek to cross and a very bad place[.] stopped about an hour and went on again[.] the road got better. About 8 we came to wood water and feed and campd about 10[.] the rest of our compy came up[.] all well and in good spirits[.] travelled 20 miles 26th. Sunday morning[.] arose about 5[.] fine weather but rather windy[.] the cattle all safe and doing well in a first rate camping place for water and feed. Spent the morning in attending to the cattle[.] took dinner and at 3 started out. 3 miles of good road when we came to a large creek and a bad place to cross[.] forded the creek[.] it was about 18 inches deep[.] we all got over safe and campd on the other side and make our fires[.] I had to stand guard from ½ past 5 to 8 this evening[.] travelled only 3 miles. 27th. rose at 4 and went to see to the herd[.] all safe[.] took breakfast and started at 7[.] the roads for about 12 miles was very good[.] plenty of grass but wood and water scarce till we came to a creek 10 miles off with a good bridge to cross it[.] wood water and grass in abundance[.] stopped here to feed the Cattle and take refreshment[.] started about 2[.] good road for 8 miles but no water or wood but plenty of grass[.] Came to the River East Ishnebotney [Nishnabotna River] about 2 ft. deep[.] we forded it and all come over safe[.] travelled a short distance and crossed another river 18 inches deep[.] forded it[.] near this river is Indian Town where the Indians formerly ______ camped about ½ mile from the town[.] plenty of wood water and grass[.] travelled 20 miles. 28th. rose about 4[.] fine morning and the cattle all right[.] started at 7. had road for 8 miles[.] some creeks with light built bridges over them to cross[.] our Cattle were not able to draw the waggons out of some of the mud holes[.] stopped about 2 for dinner near a large grove about 16 miles from the last camp ground[.] plenty of wood water and grass. started and travelled about 7 miles further and came to the West Ishnebotney River by about 7 Oclock and ferried over it[.] Bro. Gates taking an active part[.] all got over safe and campd[.] we were all well but very tired[.] there was plenty of wood water and grass[.] we travelled 26 miles[.] I went on watch from 8 to 11 29. rose at 4[.] took breakfast and started at 8[.] the roads were bad for several miles and several of the wagons got stuck in the mud as there were some very swamy places and creeks to cross[.] travelled about 7 miles and came to Silver Creek[.] watered the cattle and crossed the creek and at 5 we came to another creek[.] plenty of water and feed but no wood[.] we campd here for the night[.] this creek lies about 13 miles from the Bluffs City [Council Bluffs. the teams all came up and all the saints were well[.] travelled about 15 miles[.] took supper and went to bed. 30th. rose at 4. Bro. Gates sent me to see if the cattle were all right[.] I found they were[.] it was a fine morning and we started about 8[.] after travelling several miles we came to a creek and stayed about an hour for dinner[.] started again and had bad roads for several miles[.] about 5 we came to Bluffs City[.] passed through one end of it and campd in a meadow[.] the Danish Saints were also camping here[.] they were all well and happy[.] travelled about 10 miles. July 1st. 1853[.] Had a very heavy storm[.] rained in torrents and during the night the oxen strayed off belonging to Bro. Gates. I took the horse and found them after a 6 hours search[.] this day spent a portion of the time in going down to the Levey [levee] to get our luggage and in fixing our waggons[.] got most of it done by sun down and went to bed tired out 2nd. Rose at 4[.] it was a beautiful morning[.] This day Elders Haight, Young, Wheelock and others came into camp[.] generally well in health and spirits[.] this day we spent in attending to the cattle and fixing waggons for the journey[.] all at peace. 3rd. Sunday[.] fine morning[.] Bro. Gates oxen strayed again for he could not get the guard to do their duty[.] I and Bro. John Wilson took a horse each and travelled some time and found them all safe. About 10 Elder Gates called a meeting and addressed it[.] his remarks were very good in encouraging the Brethren to do their duty when on guard[.] he said if the Brethren would not do their duty when on watch he would leave them on the ground and he should not go home with the camp to Zion and gave them to understand that if they did not do their duty on the plains he would leave them there to do their best[.] he was followed by Elder Haight[.] his remarks were about the same. Elder [John] Lyon was appointed Chapl[a]in of the Company[.] he was also appointed Captn of hundred and Bro. Morris Captn of fifty[.] at one Elder Gates closed the meeting by prayer[.] in the afternoon I and Bro. Welsh attended a meeting at Bro. Wheelocks Camp[.] they were close by us[.] the Brethren spoke in tongues and interpretations was given by one of the Sisters[.] this was a first rate meeting[.] at 7 I and Bro. John Wilson went on watch till 11. Elder Gates held a meeting this evening which caused the Saints to rejoice[.] went to bed about 1 4th. Fine morning[.] went out to the cattle and found them safe and after breakfast Bro. Gates informed me he believed I could go to the valley with Bro Cooks family from London[.] he desired me to see Bro Cook[.] I went and made arrangements to go with him[.] he agreed to give me one English Sover[e]ign for my trouble[.] I took my things along and was very kindly received[.] Bro. Gates was very kind to me[.] This day being the 4th of July the inhabitants of Bluff City had a public dinner. I went to the City for a short time and rejoiced to see the people so happy[.] returned to camp and went to Bro. Cooks to see the cattle[.] they were all safe[.] had a heavy storm this evening[.] much rain wind thunder and lightening[.] this evening slept with Bro. Cook in the tent 5th. rose at 5[.] the cattle were all scattered about[.] ours were safe[.] it was a beautiful morning[.] I went to the city with one of Bro. Cooks family and returned to Camp 8th. nothing important transpired the last few days attended our teams etc. this day Bro. Gates gave orders for us to start for the ferry by 3 Oclock as the Danish Brethren had all crossed the [Missouri] River and he was desirous for us to be across as soon as possible[.] he compacted with Mr. Brown the Ferryman for 1½ Dollars. 10th. Sunday we commenced to cross our waggons[.] before we could cross the river we had to go through a very bad slough about ½ mile long up to our middle in mud and water[.] we only got one wagon over for it was almost impossible to get along at all. 11th[.] rose at 4 and got our axes and cut down all the timber that was in the way[.] the day before we cut down about a mile along the river side and got 8 waggons across. 12th & 13th. We got the rest of our waggons over the river all safe[.] the weather continued fine. 14th. & 15th. We got our cattle over the river[.] the last few days I and several Brethren had to wade through mud and water nearly all the time yet we are all well and in good spirits[.] I will here mention that many of our Brethren stayed behind in Kanesville. 16th. Elder Gates gave orders for us to start on our journey[.] we did so about 9[.] the roads were very uneven for several miles[.] there is plenty of grass and about 7 miles on the road we watered our cattle[.] traveled till about 8 and came to a small creek with a good bridge over it[.] plenty of wood and water[.] traveled 15 miles[.] had a heavy thunder storm. 17th. Sunday[.] fine weather and the cattle all safe[.] started and traveled to a creek called Popeah [Papillon.] stayed here for dinner[.] plenty of wood and water but uneven roads[.] we campd near a creek with a bridge over it but not a good one[.] traveled 18 miles 18th. Cattle all safe and the weather fine[.] the roads a little better[.] stayed for dinner but there was no wood or water[.] traveled on to the Elk Horn River[.] had several hills to descend and campd by the river side[.] this is the worst place I ever saw for masquitos [mosquitoes] for our tents were swarmed[.] this day traveled 11 miles. 19th. rose at 4 and started at 8[.] travelled on to the Elk Horn Ferry[.] there is a very large hill to descend before you get to the ferry which is very difficult for teams. I, Bro Wilson, Thistle, [Charles] Welsh and others worked on the Brat[.] they charged 1 dollar each Waggon[.] we all got over in 3 hours and started and traveled 11 miles and campd[.] neither wood or water but there was a small rain and a heavy dew[.] went to bed quite refreshed for we felt the Lord had blessed us in providing for our cattle. 20th. Fine morning but there had been rain in the night and we had plenty of water for our use as Sister Lawrence had placed a dish under the tent and it got nearly full[.] this served for Breakfast[.] the road this morning was rather Bog[g]y. we traveled 9 miles and came to water on the left hand of the road[.] stayed for dinner[.] started again about 3 and met with a comp[an]y of men from California bound for the states. The roads were so bad that several of the wagons got stuck in the mud[.] traveled about 11 miles from where we dined and found plenty of wood and water[.] the water had over flowed and some of the teams could not reach camp that night[.] we campd near the River Platt[e.] I went on watch from 8 to ½ past 12[.] traveled 20 miles. 21st. Fine morning[.] started about 9 Oclock[.] the brethren that were left behind came up with us[.] the roads were better today[.] traveled close to the fork of the River for about a mile[.] at 1 we stayed for dinner close by a pool of water on the left hand side of the road[.] started about 3 and about ½ past 4 came close by the River _________ [Loup] Fork and had to Ferry. Bro. C.H. Wheelocks Comp[an]y were being ferried over[.] they were all well and got over the same night. [2]2nd. I was appointed to help get the wagons over the river. Bro. Welsh was Capn of the men[.] we commenced about ½ past 3 in the morning and got all over by 11. I might here remark that the 2nd load we ferried over we got stuck in the sand[.] I and the Brethren had to get into the water up to our middle in sand and water[.] it was quick sand and we got the boat over safe[.] took dinner and started again and came to water after traveling about 15 Miles[.] wood about ½ mile off the road on the right hand side[.] this was a bad place for musquitos[.] some of the Brethren could not sleep and were all full of pimples from their bites. 23d. Fine morning[.] started about 8[.] our cattle all safe and in good order and the roads better[.] traveled about 10 miles and came to some large bluffs on the left of the road[.] for a mile we had to assend [ascend] a large and difficult hill the road composed of loose sand[.] we all got up safe and campd on the other side of the hill[.] here is a low place and water for cattle on the left of the road[.] started again on a good road and traveled 8 miles further and stayed for the night[.] had plenty of wood water and feed[.] traveled 18 or 20 miles. 24th. Sunday. Fine morning[.] spent the day in washing &c. I & Bro Cook and [Joseph] Lilly cut down wood to make an ox yoke[.] at 3 we held a meeting. Elders Lyon, [Richard E.] Waddington and Gates addressed the Saints and gave excellent teaching which caused us to rejoice[.] wrote out my journal[.] here is 3 graves close to our camp on the right[.] most of the saints felt worn out for the want of rest as many had not slept for several nights owing to the mosquetos but the Lord sent an East Wind and blew them away and we got a good nights rest[.] I went on watch from ½ past 6 till 5 in the morning. 24th. of July in Bro. Green’s Company[.] campd for the night ½ mile further on[.] this is about 8 miles from our last camping place[.] plenty of grass around and water both sides but no wood. 25th. Fine morning[.] came off watch at 5[.] cattle all doing well[.] there were several woves around during our watch and we heard them howl quite near[.] we started at 8 on a good road but it got bad being much cut up and several large hills difficult to ascend, the road being composed of white sand. Travelled 11 miles and came to water on the right. Stayed for dinner and started about 3 oclock[.] had several large mud holes to cross[.] passed the grave of a Sister on the left of the road burried 26th. Fine morning and the cattle all safe[.] started about 8 and at 9 Bro. George Horsefall [Horsfall] died, he had been ill some weeks and was unable to stand the fatigue of the journey[.] belonged to Paddington Branch London Confc [Conference.] aged 45[.] he was interred about 9 miles from our last camp ground on the left hand side[.] about 2 miles from there stood 3 trees in a row about ¼ of a mile from each other and close by the grave is a beautiful running water-—according to the testimony of the Brethren he was a man who had suffered much persecution in the Branch he came from and had proved himself a good and faithful saint on the journey[.] Elders Gates and Lyon officiated at his interrment [internment.] the road today the same as yesterday having to ascend large hills and sometimes up to the axles in sand. Traveled 7 miles further and came to a creek of beautiful water[.] a large stream with steep banks on both sides and very difficult to ford[.] we got over safe and campd at 7 Oclock[.] no wood[.] traveled 16 miles. 27th. Fine morning[.] Cattle all right and started at ½ past 7. better road[.] travelled 12 miles through several mud holes[.] some of the wagons got stuck[.] about 2 we came to Wood Creek. Bro. Wheelock was camping there and we campd close by[.] they were all well[.] there was plenty of wood water and feed[.] visited the other camp in the evening. 28th. Rainy but cleared off fine. Bro. Wheelocks train left at 8. but we stayed till 4 as the feed was so good to rest the cattle[.] had a good road but steep to cross[.] we stayed by the side of Wood Creek[.] plenty of feed and water but no wood[.] this part of the Creek lies about 10 miles from our last camp ground[.] went on watch from 8 to ½ past 12 Oclock[.] this morning Bro. [David] Davidson died and was buried on a small hill close by where we campd[.] he was 75 years old both lame and blind and quite helpless[.] he was Baptized on the ship “International” and was not much known amongst the saints-- 29th. Fine morning[.] we were cheered by meeting a Compty [Company] of Brethren on missions to England[.] they stayed with us 2 hours and gave us some good encouragement[.] we overtook Elder Wheelock as they were crossing the river[.] we all got over safe and traveled on[.] had a good road and at 9 at night came to water on the left of the road and campd ½ a mile from Bro. Wheelocks Compy[.] Amongst the Brethren going on missions was Bro. G.D. Ross. Went on watch from 9 to ½ past 12[.] travelled 20 miles. 30th. Started at 8 and saw some Indians for the first time[.] there were 12 of them and quite civil[.] Elder Wheelock started an hour before us and took the old road and we the new one which was much nearer[.] we passed them about 16 miles from our last camp[.] we crossed several creeks and bad places[.] came to Elm Creek at 5 and campd. Plenty of wood and water. Traveled 4 miles further and campd for the night[.] this day we passed several companies going to California[.] traveled 23 miles 31st. Very Foggy[.] started at 6 and traveled 4 miles and passed Elder Fosgreen’s [John E. Forsgren’s] Camp[.] traveled 4 miles further and Campd for the Day close to Buffaloe [Buffalo] Creek[.] plenty of water wood and feed[.] this day went to a Buffaloe shot by one of Elder Shirtliff’s [Vincent Shurtleff’s] Compy and brought away a few pounds with me[.] it was the first I ever saw[.] It lay about 3 miles from the camp[.] the saints were well and glad of a little rest. Held a meeting at 4 and was much cheered by the addresses of Elders Lyon, Gates, Waddington and Bro. Fosgreen [Forsgren] who also spoke[.] we felt much refreshed in body and mind[.] after tea several of us met together in the tent and spent the evening in singing[.] while holding our meeting Bro. Fosgreen’s Compy passed us[.] traveled 8 miles. August 1st. Fine morning[.] the cattle all safe[.] started at 8[.] travelled 3½ miles and crossed a small creek[.] travelled several miles along Buffaloe Creek and at 8 miles crossed it over a Bridge[.] found plenty of wood and water[.] about ¼ mile from the creek is a grave of a Brother that died in Claudius [V.] Spencers Compy named Joseph Chambers[.] about ½ mile further is the grave of James Fast who was shot while on guard[.] do not know if he was a saint or not[.] travelled on for 8 hours and Campd for dinner[.] no wood or water to depended on[.] the road is good but several bad creeks to cross[.] this afternoon passed the graves of 2 more Brethren[.] do not recol[l]ect their names[.] had a heavy storm[.] rained in torrents[.] travelled 7 miles further and campd for the night[.] plenty of water on the right of the road[.] travelled 15 miles 2nd. Fine morning[.] on guard from ½ past 12 to 5. had a cold night[.] the cattle were all safe[.] started at ½ past 7[.] good road[.] crossed several dry creeks[.] the beautiful range of hills we have seen for the last few days have disappeared[.] we now come in sight of the River Platt[e.] travelled 10 miles and campd for dinner[.] no water[.] started again and found water 1 mile on the road to the left[.] again sighted some hills[.] travelled on and came close by the bluffs and towards night crossed them[.] they were hard on the cattle the sand being very deep and loose[.] passed through the bluffs and came close by the Platt[e] and campd for the night. On the other side of the river are Beautiful mountain[s] and an island in the river[.] Splendid scenery. This day traveled 22 miles. 3rd. About midnight there came a heavy storm. Arose at 5. Fine morning[.] no timber here and at 6, 4 Buffaloes came in sight[.] the first we had seen on the journey[.] I and about 8 Brethren started with our guns and 4 men who were on the road for California[.] these men acted well and after chasing them for about 1 hour we killed one[.] another appeared in sight[.] we chased him for miles and killed him[.] they were both brought down to the camp and divided amongst the Saints[.] this was the first Buffaloe hunt I was ever in[.] we started at 1 and traveled by the river for several miles still having the range of Bluffs on the right of the road[.] the road very sandy[.] traveled 9 miles and came to a beautiful creek of water and Campd. Wood about 1 mile off on the left[.] this afternoon a company of emigrants returning from California passed us. The child [Rebecca Thirkell] of Bro. Thistle [John Pinnock Thirkell] of Leicester died. 4th. Fine weather and the cattle safe[.] could see several buffalow feeding on the range of hills on the right[.] started at ½ past 7. traveled 3 miles and came close by the Bluffs[.] traveled by them all day[.] the roads were very bad with loose sand which tired the oxen very much[.] Stopped for dinner about 2. at the Cold Springs the water is very beautiful. There are 2 springs 300 yards from each other[.] Started again and came to Carrying [Carrion] Creek beautiful running water but no wood. About 4 miles from the Cold Springs the road is a little better as we leave the Bluffs to the right. Elder Haight passed us just as we started[.] he was quite well and reported Elder Wheelocks Compy 10 miles from us. Yesterday morning Bro. John Butlers little boy [David Butler] aged 7 years was trying to hang on the tent pole which was placed along side the waggon[.] he let go his hold and the wheel went over his back[.] there was 2400 lbs in it[.] we administerd to him and he was healed to the astonishment of all that saw it. The Wife of Bro. Harker [James Hawkins] gave birth to a male child [Eli Brazee Hawkins.] we stopped and campd for the night at this creek[.] travelled 16 miles. 5th. Rather a dull morning. The cattle all safe[.] started at a ¼ to 8[.] road rather boggy for 1 mile[.] runs close to the river for 10 miles but no wood and have not had any since we left Elm Creek[.] we then came to mud creek[.] came near the water and campd for dinner[.] started again[.] very bad road this afternoon and some bad creeks to cross. I think 5 in number. We were crossing the 3rd when one of our oxen was thrown down and his leg got over the chain but not hurt much though his head was under water for some time. Camped about 9 and went on watch till 12. traveled this day 16 miles. 6th. Fine morning[.] started about 8. good road for a short time till we came to the Fair Sandy Bluffs. We travelled 8 miles and came to the North Fork about 8 rods wide and 2 ft. deep[.] we forded it in a good sandy bottom and campd for dinner[.] started again and left the river to the left[.] travelled over the Bluffs till we came to the regular road which is very much cut up and bad to travel and at 7 we came to West Bluffs and campd[.] good water and feed but no wood. the water lies on the left of the road. at 9 a storm came on which continued for several hours[.] it thundered and lightened dreadfully[.] it tore the waggon cover and shattered the carpet bag with its contents belonging to Bro. Harmon[.] the saints felt rather frightened[.] we went to bed about ½ past 10. traveled 16 miles. 7th. Sunday. fine clear morning[.] through the storm the oxen scattered but none were lost. Wrote out my journel[.] the report of many of the Brethren and Sisters this morning was that they were struck last night by the lightening some in the legs arms and head but felt thankful to the Lord that through his powerful aid they had been preserved from serious dangers[.] spent the day in various ways some drying clothes & c[.] at ½ past 4 we held a meeting and were addressed by several of the Elders. Elder Gates said he felt truly happy that we had so successfully come so far in so short a time[.] a great deal of wise council fell from his lips[.] he said he hoped to be in the valley at the general Conference. Oct. 6th 1853 with all his company[.] this day did not travel at all 8th. Fine weather[.] oxen safe[.] started about ½ past 7[.] commenced on low sandy bluffs[.] crossed several large hills[.] In the hollow is plenty of water for cattle[.] crossed Bluff Creek. at 10 we crossed other large hills and passed Elder Fosgreen’s [Forsgren’s] Company[.] travelled 2 miles and stayed for dinner[.] Started again[.] came to a large hill and descended it[.] the worst place I ever saw[.] just room for one team to go down at a time[.] a beautiful creek of water at the bottom and all got down safe and traveled onward[.] about 7 we came to Pixcuinane [?] Creek and campd for the night[.] here are 3 fine springs of water and fine feed[.] had another storm. Elder Fosgreens Compy passed us about ½ past 7. we were so tormented with the Mosquito[e]s that we could not sleep[.] travelled 15 miles. 9th. Fine weather[.] cattle all safe[.] started about 8. travelled ½ a mile and came to the grave of one of the danish Brethren[.] ¼ mile further is a beautiful creek 16 ft. wide 1 ft. deep. we travelled over sandy bluffs and crossed several creeks and about 5 mud holes which are difficult to get through[.] about 1 we came to Rattle Snake Creek[.] 10 miles[.] beautiful running water and plenty of feed[.] while taking dinner quite a number of Indians came up nicely dressed and quite civil[.] travelled on 5 miles and campd for the night about ½ mile from Camp Creek. the Danish Saints stayed. 10th. Fine weather but cold[.] went on guard from ½ past 12 to 5[.] I saw a large body of Indians on horseback well dressed and very civil[.] started at ½ to 8. passed the Danish Camp[.] crossed Camp Creek[.] a little beyond this is a piece of boggy ground[.] the road for some distance is good[.] afterward came to low sandy bluffs[.] crossed a small creek about 7 miles from where we started[.] it has a large descent[.] left it[.] To the right is some large Bluffs of rock having the appearance of old ruins[.] this continues for about 3 miles[.] travelled on about 7 miles and campd for dinner near Wolf Creek[.] started again and crossed the creek[.] it runs at the foot of a large sandy hill which we had to cross[.] it is difficult to ascend and we had to double teams[.] we all got over safe and continued our journey[.] had a bad road and sandy for a long distance[.] we came to plenty of rock bluffs and after travelling about 6 miles came to a small creek 6 ft. wide[.] campd for the night and were much tormented by Mosquitoes[.] travelled 15 miles. 11th. Fine morning[.] started at 8 on a good road and beautiful scenery on both sides. there was a beautiful island in the river abreast of us covered with timber[.] the Loan [Lone] Tree is now cut down which is the only tree on the route for 200 miles[.] passed several creeks and ash hollow[.] by the left of the river is plenty of timber[.] we came to castle creek 16 miles from where we started and campd for dinner[.] Bro. Thistles [John Thirkell’s] little girl [Mary Agnes] died and was buried near this creek[,] aged 6 years[.] we started again about 2[.] the road for 1 mile is on low sandy bluffs[.] we passed by a small creek on the left of the road[.] good water[.] there are no more creeks for over 20 miles[.] we travelled on and saw a compy of Californians on the south side of the river and about 6 we turned off the road which is good toward the river and campd. for the night[.] plenty of good feed[.] this is about 9 miles from our last camp[.] travelled about 20 miles. 12th. a small rain fell[.] cattle all safe[.] started at 8[.] travelled close to the river for several miles and came to about 1 mile of heavy sandy road[.] many of the teams were not able to get along[.] some stuck for a long time[.] passed over these sand and came to the road we left on the north side of the river[.] crossed a small sandy hill and campd for dinner close by the river[.] Elder Gates sent some cattle to help the others along[.] started again at 2 Oclock[.] the road for a short distance is good[.] we then descend a large sand hill from the top of which the ground slopes[.] plenty of rock[.] road composed of heavy sand and short patches of timber on the south side of the river[.] At 5 we came to a wide creek though not deep but bad for teams[.] we all crossed safely and came to Crab Creek[.] a good stream of water good to cross and good feed[.] a quarter of a mile further is a Lake[.] the ground is very swampy[.] campd for the night[.] travelled 18 miles. 13th. Fine morning but looked like rain[.] started at 8[.] road good for a short distance[.] At places low sandy Bluffs[.] travelled about 6 miles and came to a wide dry creek[.] the Bluffs here look grand. travelled round a large Bluff and crossed it and ascended a large sandy hill[.] to see the fragments of rocky bluffs and hills all around is a grand sight[.] some have the appearances of ancient castles & on this hill we came in sight of Chimney Rock at a great distance on the South of the River[.] it has the appearance of an old church at this distance. we descend the hill and cross another dry creek[.] now pass between two hills and cross another dry creek and fine scenery[.] came to a hard road and heavy sand which tried our cattle[.] travelled about 9 miles from our last evenings camp and came to a large lake of water on the south of the road[.] campd for dinner and started again at 3[.] the road much the same at many places[.] low sandy bluffs. we passed a large lake on the south of the road[.] the Danish Compy campd here and about 1 mile further we came to the river. Good camping place[.] beautiful clear water[.] went on watch from 8 to ½ past 12[.] had a great many wolves and wild beasts around us[.] travelled 18 miles. 14th. Sunday. Fine morning. Cattle all safe[.] stayed here for the day[.] held a council meeting[.] business over by 3 Oclock and at 6 held another meeting[.] Elders Lyon, Waddington & Gates were present and imparted much interesting matter to us. we all rejoiced. the Danes passed us in the morning. 15th. found the Cattle safe[.] started at 8 and found the road good for 10 miles & beautiful scenery[.] travelled 11 miles and campd for dinner close by the river[.] across it on the south side is a beautiful rock[.] on the north side it has the appearance of being supported by pillars, about 20 yards off is another one but not so large as the first is round and looks like the ruins of some Castle, next is a range of rugged rocks and a little above this is Chimney Rock[.] they all join together the body of Chimney Rock. Looks like the body of a church at a distance and the top part like the spire. on the North side are 5 other rocks and on the north of the River is a range of rugged rocks and stand-before them are small Hills[.] we came to the river about 4 miles from Chimney Rock and Campd[.] plenty of water and feed[.] travelled 20 miles. 16th. The morning fine and the weather hot. Cattle all safe, started at 8[.] we now have a good view of the “Rock”[.] it and other rocks represent a small village[.] on the north side of the hill is sloping and covered with grass and trees[.] Along side this is a range of hills or rugged rocks[.] by the river are a few scattered trees and on its north side is a range of Bluffs[.] we travelled till we c[a]me to a small creek on the South side of the River & started again along side the Bluffs. good road of hard gravel[.] we now leave Chimney Rock in the distance[.] the rugged rocks continue for some miles then between some Bluffs covered with grass. this continues for about 3 miles then commences rugged rocks which continue till we come to Scotch Bluffs which lie in the distance on the East side[.] these Bluffs have the appearance of some Ancient Castles upheld by 4 pillars on the south side, 3 Pillars. the appearance from here is beautiful[.] on the north of the river is a range of low Bluffs[.] travelled till about 8 and Campd for the night by the river side[.] travelled about 21 miles and passed the Danish Saints about 1 mile further. 17th. Fair clear morning[.] cattle all safe[.] started at 8[.] passed some Banks covered with Ceders and came near Scotch Bluffs[.] there is another range of Bluffs beyond. came on to Spring Creek in the south of the road and campd for dinner. The large Bluffs soon cease and low Bluffs commence, afterward high rocky bluffs. the Bluffs on the North side. the River begin to rise as we pass along the road[.] for a short distance a few sandy Bluffs[.] heavy travelling. A large party of Indians visited us[.] they were camping near Scotts Bluffs[.] they live in the rocks[.] we came to good feed but not much water and campd for the night[.] travelled 16 miles[.] went on guard from ½ past 12 to 5. 18th. Came off guard. cattle all safe[.] had a great number of wolves round us while on guard[.] it was a fine morning. started at ½ past 7[.] good road all the way except 3 miles of sandy Bluffs. the Bluffs on the south side are rather low. we afterward crossed them[.] we then neared the river which is full of islands, all covered with trees[.] road now leads by the side of the river. at this point is a large projecting rock[.] now travel near the foot of the Bluffs for several miles and campd for dinner at Spring Creek Bluffs. this is about 200 yards from the road on the south. good water. the small islands in the river look beautiful[.] started about 3 and travelled round the Bluffs and came on low sandy ground and heavy travelling[.] on the south of the road is plenty of young timber and on the islands. the large hills on the south of the river lay at a great distance[.] The Bluffs on the north are very high and have the appearance of lime stone. we travelled at the foot of the Bluffs for a long distance[.] passed the Danish Saints[.] now travelled on the side of the Bluffs on a good road. descended and came into the bottom for water and travelled on till 8 when we Campd. just before we came here tens of thousands of grasshoppers made their appearance. Bro. King saw them came down like rain[.] the waggons and tents were covered with them[.] they came on our beds and tea table[.] and there is plenty of wood and water on the south of the road[.] travelled 23 miles[.] this place is about 17 mile[s] from Laramie. 19th. Fair weather[.] cattle all safe[.] about 7 we had another heavy swarm of grasshoppers[.] at this time everything is covered and millions in the air[.] they have the appearance of snow in the air[.] we never saw such a wonderful sight before. the Danish Camp passed us again[.] we started at ½ past 7[.] the road for several miles good. Bluffs on each side[.] the river is low[.] we now came to some heavy sand[.] hard on the teams[.] this sandy road continues for miles. Plenty of timber on the river side[.] there is one lone tree-—very old-—only one branch on it-—in full leaf-—pointing to the west-—on the south of the road. about ten the grasshoppers appeared in cloud and took a south east course[.] we could see them in the distance like clouds of smoke[.] the road continues bad[.] we campd for dinner just before we came to dry creek[.] the Danes were campd there[.] the road nearly all the rest of the day was heavy[.] near Dry Creek on the south of the River is Indian Town[.] many of the Indians came over[.] Elder Fosgreens Compy Campd here[.] it is now dark[.] travelled about 2 hours in the dark and campd near Fort Laramie[.] all well as well as the Cattle[.] plenty of water but poor feed[.] we were all tired 20th. Rose at 5[.] Fine morning and splendid scenery[.] Bluffs on each side of the river[.] this morning we heard a large gun fired at the Fort[.] the indians visited us[.] we started at 7[.] very sandy road and heavy travelling[.] traveled 3 miles and came to the river side[.] we forded it and got all over safe by 11 Oclock. we then entered Fort Laramie consisting of a few wooden houses and about 67 soldiers stationed[.] it lies on the hollow high Bluffs[.] all round they have 6 pieces of cannon and all seem very happy[.] there are stores here where we can purchase anything we need but very high[.] flour 15 dollars a sack[.] we now leave the Fort and ascend a large hill very high and large mountains all round[.] travelled a few miles and campd for dinner[.] poor food and no water[.] the Indians again visited us[.] we now draw near the Black Hills[.] these hills are very large and covered with timber[.] this afternoon we crossed a very deep dry creek[,] steep banks on both sides[.] then descend a large hill and draw near the river and campd for the night[.] travelled 7 miles from Laramie[.] poor food[.] the large shower of grasshoppers did much good as they distroyed nearly all the Mosquitoes which before troubled us much which was a blessing. 21th[st]. Sunday[.] little rain during the night but a fine morning[.] spent the time in washing and several indians visited us during the day[.] in the afternoon held a meeting opened by Elder Lyon. Elder Gates addressed us for about an hour and caused us all to rejoice after which business was put over as Elder Gates thought it would be wise to divide the company in 2 parts[.] it was moved and seconded that Elders [Richard E.] Wad[d]ington and Thistle [Thirkell] take charge of the Independant Compy and as many more as deemed wisdom and that Elder Gates and Mois [Jonathan Moyes] bring on the remainder of the L10 Company[.] Elder Gates gave some excellent council to all the Captains[.] at 8 I had to go on watch[.] the cattle were drove over on the south side the river[.] we had to ford on horses[.] the current was very strong so as to render it impossible to cross otherwise. I, Bro. Wilson, Thistle and 7 others took our Blankets so as when our time was up we slept on the ground[.] the remainder of the night a great many wolves were near us but we were preserved. 22nd. Came off guard at 5[.] the cattle all doing well[.] forded the river again on horses and took breakfast[.] Elder Fosgreens Compy moved on before us[.] we started about 10 with 16 waggons and Elder Waddington President[.] we now leave the camp and ascend the commencement of Black Hills and descended on to low ground and small wood close by the road and a number of caverns like those in England[.] these hills are very rocky and steep and difficult for teams[.] passed several dry creeks[.] travelled 9 miles and campd for dinner, water on the south of the road[.] we started again and ascended a very large hill almost 3 miles long[.] had a splended view from the top[.] descended it and came into the bottom which is very rugged[.] plenty of timber but no water or grass[.] we travelled on to Bitter Spring Creek[.] here was plenty of good water and wood but no feed[.] it was 8 before we got here[.] it was surrounded with rocky Bluffs[.] travelled 17 miles, during the morning we passed 2 small settlements[.] several wooden houses and Indians living in them. 23rd. Cold[.] the wind was very high[.] blew our Tent up and left I and Bro Cooke tentless[.] We started about 8 and ascended a large hill[.] at the bottom of it is a large and steep descent[.] travelled about 3½ miles and came to a small creek-not much feed[.] travelled along this bottom and descended again[.] here are splendid Bluffs covered with fir trees[.] now pass another creek on the south of the road[.] feed scarce[.] again come to the foot of a large hill the largest we have seen and very steep[.] it is about 3 miles long[.] arrived at the top[.] it is a splendid scene[.] I cannot describe its beauty[.] campd for dinner here[.] no water and poor feed. started again and descended the hill, before we reached the bottom of the Hill is a very steep place[.] just room for one waggon to go down[.] reached the bottom and pass through a range of Bluffs each side covered with timber[.] now cross dry creek[.] in a short distance we crossed dead timber creek[.] here is a little water[.] watered our cattle and went up another hill[.] very steep[.] here is a range of Bluffs on the South of the road and the Black Hills on the North[.] we descend and travel along the bottom and get to Horse Spring Creek[.] good water feed and timber[.] camp before we cross on the North of the road about 6 we could hear the howling of wolves[.] travelled 17 miles 24th. Fine morning[.] started about 8[.] ascended a large hill[.] a wide creek at the bottom[.] going to it is a large tree on the north of the road[.] we now ascend another hill[.] at the bottom of this is another wide creek water in each of them[.] now ascend another large hill[.] at the top of this we see south of the road some red rocky Bluffs which continue for several miles[.] beautiful views all round[.] we come down gradully for 5 or 6 miles into the Bottom close by the Platte[.] on the other side the River are splendid Bluffs very high[.] the Rock looks as if it was laid one story above another and trees growing on each story[.] then Bluffs are around at the top and fir trees growing on them[.] Campd for dinner and then passed Hollidays camp[.] they were repairing their waggons[.] descended a large steep hill[.] The Bluffs on the north of the River very grand[.] trees growing on their ledges makes a grand sight[.] the River passes between 2 large Rocks, at the top of this hill is a deep ravine and dry creek[.] we rise another hill and descend into the bottom[.] here is a large open space for miles[.] we gradually descended and at length come to the Platte, on the south of it is a beautiful place covered with timber[.] good feed[.] campd here as there is neither grass nor water for 18 miles[.] went on watch from ½ past 12 to 5[.] The Danes campd ¼ mile from us[.] this day travelled 18 miles and had a good road. 25th. Came off guard at 5. Cattle doing well[.] fine morning but rather cold[.] started at ½ past 7. ascended 2 large hills[.] the scenery is grand. descend this hill and come to 2 creeks one on the north and the other on the south both dry[.] travel on about 11 miles and camp for dinner[.] plenty of timber in the dry creek. Started and ascended another hill and came in sight of Laramie Peak which we saw before we reached Fort Laramie for 60 miles[.] We leave it on the South and ascend a succession of hills, steep and having deep ravines but no water or feed[.] descend for several miles and come to a large dry creek[.] cross it 3 times and then come to beautiful clear water in the Bottom. Watered our cattle and travelled on for about 1½ miles and campd across a deep ravine close by the river Platte[.] Bro. Fosgreens Compy were here. good water plenty of wood & poor feed[.] travelled 18 miles[.] we have seen a Commet in the heavens for the last 5 nights like a star with a very long tail[.] it appears in a S.W. Direction. 26th. The cattle had all crossed the river but there is plenty of feed through the wood[.] they were all safe[.] a clear fine morning[.] started at 8[.] crossed a large hill[.] travelled about 2 miles and came to some red sand, after crossing a succession of hills came to some Bluffs of Red Sand and Marble[.] about this place you will see a large hill or pieces of white stone as though it had been laid one on the top of each other with large stones at the bottom of the Hill[.] travelled 14 miles and campd for dinner[.] no water or wood. started again[.] descended another hill[.] travelled by Bro. Daley’s Camp[.] ascended another hill and went down several steep deep descents[.] travelled into the bottom to a large creek[.] very wide and plenty of wood but no feed[.] travelled ½ mile through this Creek and 2 miles further[.] came to a river[.] plenty of water and wood but poor feed[.] campd for the night[.] there is a splended range of rocks here[.] travelled 18 miles 27th. Cattle all safe but not looking so well. Fine morning[.] started about ½ past 7[.] ascended a large hill and had another beautiful view of a range of Rocky Bluffs on the South of the road[.] travelled 4 miles came to a creek[.] a little water but no grass[.] several deep ravines and large hills to cross[.] travelled about 3 miles from our last camping place and descended into the Bottom[.] here is a beautiful creek and an abundance of water but no grass[.] campd for dinner[.] started again and travelled up a very large hill[.] at the top is white sand and steep to descend[.] at the bottom we again struck the Platte[.] passed a compy of men from California[.] all well[.] travelled on for 2 hours[.] came to Deer Creek which runs along the side of the Platte[.] this is a beautiful place[.] plenty of wood water and grass[.] one part of Bro. Daley’s camp was here the rest followed after us with the Danes[.] our cattle were nearly worn down as they had had but little feed during the week[.] pitched our camp on a beautiful spot[.] inside our correl was the grave of a young man. 28th. Sunday[.] fine morning and the cattle safe[.] at 6 we held a meeting opened by Elder Waddington[.] he afterward addressed us for a short time in a most pleasing manner[.] many of the Brethern bore their testimony to this being the Work of God[.] at this time the rest of Bro. Gates Company came in[.] all well and happy[.] this evening, went on guard from 8 to ½ past 12. 29th. Fine morning[.] Cattle all safe[.] our small company left the Creek about 10 and Bro. Gates soon followed[.] left Bro. Fosgreen’s Compy at the Creek[.] he had come [some] repairs to do[.] the road pretty good but heavy sand at places[.] travelled 8½ miles and came to a beautiful grove of trees[.] stayed for dinner and watered our cattle at the Platte[.] between this and 3 miles there are good camping places on the north of the road near the Platte[.] Crossed mud creek[.] no water or grass[.] traveled 2 miles further and turned down to the river by a grove of trees[.] a good camping place[.] travelled 17 miles 30th. Cattle all safe[.] watered them[.] there was plenty of grass and wood. I will here remark that we were well supplied with mutton for the Brethern found 2 or 3 sheep a day[.] started about 9[.] the rest of our Camp came up with us[.] we passed through the grove of trees[.] soon reached the road and travelled along the river several miles[.] there is a beautiful creek of pure water 6 miles from where we started[.] crossed several deep ravines and crossed a river with a Bridge over it and several white men living there and came to good feed which reaches about 3 miles[.] came close to the Platte and Campd[.] Elder Gates campd close by[.] watered our Cattle[.] the road was very heavy and sandy[.] travelled 12 miles 31st. Fine morning and the cattle all safe[.] during the night there were many wolves round our tents and cattle—they howled dreadfully[.] Bro. Gates thought it wise to give the cattle rest so we stopped for the day and did some repairs[.] here is the place where we have to ford[.] this afternoon a Compy of California Emegrants passed here with a large drove of sheep[.] this is a beautiful open country and plenty of fish in the river[.] there was quite a storm this evening. Bro. Gates gave council for the Saints in the L10 Compy not to sell their flour for he was affraid they would be short of it before they reached the Valley. September 1st. 1853. The wind very high and cold. Elder Gates came and said he understood some person had been selling their flour[.] he said if he found any person doing so he would cut them off the Church[.] we started about 8[.] travelled a short distance and forded the river and passed through a grove of trees and descended a large hill. several hills and steep ones too—steep ravines and dry creeks[.] we soon pass between two large Bluffs and the river on the south of the road which for 10 milkes [miles] is very uneven[.] we campd in the open place by the side of the Platte[.] drove the oxen over the river to some feed. There is a beautiful range of Red Bluffs south of the river[.] they continue for some distance[.] we leave these red hills on the South and ascend a large hill A Cross a Ravine and ascend another hill then come to a beautiful open country for many miles[.] good road[.] the red hills appear again in the distance and at sun down looked like Crimson[.] At 8 we came near some small bluffs and campd for the night[.] neither wood water or grass[.] went on guard from ½ past 12 to 5 and travelled 16 miles 2nd. Fine morning but cold[.] came off guard at 5[.] Cattle all safe[.] started about 8[.] Crossed the Bluffs and ascended a hill[.] came to an open country and crossed a deep ravine[.] good road for 3 miles then pass between some bluffs[.] Dry Creeks and ravin[e]s to cross[.] no wood water or grass[.] this continues for 4 miles[.] again ascend a large hill with a small creek running at its foot[.] here is a beautiful open country for miles and good road[.] the Bluffs here look grand at the distance[.] we again enter between the Bluffs which are very high and deep ravines and dry creeks and bad roads[.] Now came to one of the poison springs—a Salaratus Spring. We prevented our Cattle from drinking. There is a little grass but dangerous for cattle to eat it[.] here we met a small camp of men from California[.] travelled on and came to Willow Creek[.] but little water a few willows and very muddy and very little grass[.] now came to a large hill one mile to its top[.] hard for teams to climb. At its top is one of the most splendid views I ever saw[.] for 1 mile 1 Bluff rising above another and at a great distance large hills or mountains descended the hill and crossed a deep ravine and again rose a small hill and travelled for about 2 miles and came to a good camping place on the south of the road[.] tood [good] water and grass but not Wood[.] here there is abundance of Buffaloes[.] this Creek runs by the side of a sandy Bluff[.] travelled 18 miles. 3rd. Fine morning[.] the Cattle all safe and doing well[.] the mountains at a distance looked beautiful but the Bluffs close to us look Barren. Independance [Independence] Rock is now in view[.] started at 8 and travelled along the creek for 2 miles[.] good road[.] we now have to pass the creek and come to some bluffs on the south of the road[.] these continue for many miles[.] the road now becomes sandy and heavy on teams[.] Cross serveral [several] deep and dangerous ravines and come to the Large Lake of Salaratus[.] here is abundance to be gathered[.] it sets as hard as ice and has the same appearance[.] this lies on the South of the road[.] when we reached here a heavy storm came on and lasted for some time[.] we started again[.] the sun began to shine on the mountains[.] it was one of the most pleasant sights I ever saw[.] they looked like pearl intermixed with black rock. Travelled on and came to Sweet Water River[.] this is also a beautiful running water about ¾ mile from Independence Rock and about 1 mile from the Salaratus Spring[.] here is one trading house[.] The mountains lay all round except on the east[.] good feed but little wood[.] travelled 15 miles. 4th. Sunday. fine morning and the sun shining which gave the hills a beautiful appearance in the distance, the clouds are considerably below the mountains[.] Elder Gates thought it advisable to travel today[.] Started about 8 and passed the store and 2 tents a little further[.] The road is sandy in places[.] we now enter between the high rocky Bluffs[.] travelled about 5 miles and came very near Devils Gate. about ½ mile from our last camping place is Independence Rock. it looks very noble[.] we travelled round the west end of it. there are the names of hundreds of travellers inscribed on these rocks[.] we now travel alongside some very high rocky bluffs[.] these like Independence Rock are grey granite[.] it appears as if the Thunder and Lightening had split it up in pieces[.] pass through between the Bluffs and come down by the River[.] it runs through the Rock[.] there is room enough for a waggon to pass through[.] there is one tree growing on the north side of the gate[.] a short distance from here is about 10 houses all neatly built of wood[.] it is a beautiful view to see the high Bluffs with trees scattered here and there on the hills[.] we travel on and come to a heavy sandy road and good feed for Cattle. at this place one of the oxen belonging to the Camp died[.] we now cross a ravine[.] the road is rather uneven[.] we travel on and come to the river[.] good feed on the other side the river[.] Campd for the night[.] another cow died[.] there is a deep ravine very muddy water[.] we travelled this day 13 miles. 5th. Sept. 1853[.] Fine but cold[.] the hills and mountains surrounding this place look grand[.] we are camping in a hollow[.] held a meeting this evening[.] the river runs on the north of the road muddy creek on the S.W. and mountains on each side[.] this morning started at 8[.] left the river on the north of the road which is a heavy sandy one[.] travelled several miles and came near some high Bluffs[.] now pass between two high mountains[.] we cross a deep ravine rise and cross a small hill[.] large Bluffs on the South of the road[.] many travellers have inscribed their names on the rocks. pass these and come to a very steep hill and very heavy sand[.] this is a new road[.] many have to double teams this close by the river[.] we camped here for dinner[.] high gravelly Bluffs on the south of the road and Rocky Mountains on the north and studded with trees[.] they look beautiful[.] this is about 9 miles on the way[.] started again and travelled alongside the river[.] we now came into the old road and passed by a large mountain surrounded with Bluffs[.] here the road is very heavy[.] large mountain[s] continue on the left of the road[.] now cross a hill pretty steep in going down and come to the river[.] before us are large mountains and prairie towards the west[.] there are three trees growing on one mountain which looks very singular[.] the road is still heavy and sandy, on the north of the river is high sandy bluffs and large mountains on the other side of them and the same on the south side and the road passes between them[.] it has the appearance of once having been solid[.] it has been rent with storms and large pieces thrown down by Erruptions and we travel on and come to a nice camping place surrounded with Bluffs and mountains[.] the river runs close by[.] plenty of grass and water no wood[.] went on guard at 8 to ½ past 12 and travelled 14½ miles. 6th. Fine morning[.] cattle all safe[.] started at 8. plenty of Prairie hens and other large Birds[.] the road for the next 8 miles is very sandy, travel alongside sandy Bluffs for several miles[.] on the south of the road is a large Bluff[.] it parts at the top[.] the mountains on the south are at a great distance[.] we keep near them on the north are several large openings and it appears that there is a large open country and beautiful rocks separate from other rocks[.] we now come close by Sweet Water. Ford it and camp for dinner close by the mountains[.] they are not so large as some[.] good feed for cattle no wood[.] start again and turn the corner[.] the mountains are very high[.] here again is the names of travellers cut in the rocks[.] we pass an island in the river covered with willows[.] here are very large stones that have rolled from the mountains[.] there is just room enough for teams to pass[.] we ford the river again[.] there are large mountains on each side[.] we pass between and again ford the river—3 times within a mile or so[.] this is a new road to avoid the sandy Bluffs yet this is sandy at places[.] we now pass on the north of the road[.] at some distance a range of white lime or chalk—I was not near enough to see which. here again the towering mountains are seen on each side of beautiful granite[.] we pass between these for about 8 miles and come to the end of them. on the south of the road are 8 distinct hills of rock[.] then we come to a beautiful open country for miles. camp for the night by the Sweet Water[.] good feed and water but no wood, travelled 16 miles 7th. Very cold morning[.] a heavy white frost[.] the sun rising over the eastern mountains was a gorgeous sight[.] started at 8 and crossed the river[.] entered on heavy sandy ground[.] left the mountains in the East[.] this day was hard travelling, sandy Bluffs, several hills and some rather steep. There is a creek of water about 10 miles from where we started[.] not good water and no grass[.] passed the mail with 4 mules and 3 men on horses about 7 miles[.] we travelled further and came to a number of Bluffs and heavy sand[.] descended a very steep sandy hill[.] road lies between two high Bluffs and came into the bottom[.] travelled ½ mile and came to the river and forded it[.] large Bluffs all round[.] no wood and poor feed[.] this morning we came in sight of the snow capped mountains at a distance[.] travelled 18 miles 8th. Morning very cold and our cattle very lame[.] shoe[d] 2 of ours and started at 8[.] ascended 2 hills about 1½ miles long[.] now have a beautiful view[.] descend the hill which is very long and steep[.] gravel road and again come to the river and forded it[.] here is good feed south of the road[.] stayed 2 hours[.] abundance of large fish in the river. Let the cattle feed there and abundance of ducks all round[.] while we stayed a Compy of Californians passed us all well[.] travelled about a ¼ mile and forded the river again[.] we afterwards crossed 2 creeks[.] here is plenty of blue clay and large hills of the same[.] pass between several bluffs and ascend several hills some steep and gravelly and large stones which make it bad on Cattle[.] travelled about 4½ miles and came in sight of the river with Timber growing on its Banks[.] travel by the side of a range of Bluffs some distance then descend a steep hill into the bottom by the side of the river[.] this timber runs about 2 miles[.] we campd here[.] poor feed[.] cattle all safe [9th.] at 7 we were visited by a compy of men professing to come from Green River[.] they were on their way to Fort Laramie on business of great importance[.] they were also out of provisions[.] we supplied them with some flour[.] about 8 we started and ascended the sweet water mountains which are 3½ miles long and dangerous for teams[.] we crossed a series of hills very rough and difficult to pass[.] we have meet [met] the mail on these mountains with a Compy of Gentlemen[.] amongst them was Dr. Bernhishel (?) on business to the States of great importance[.] the facts we could not learn[.] descended these mountains and passed 3 lakes of Salaratus Water and afterward cross a creek not good water and in about 2 miles cross another creek[.] travel on and come to Strawberry Creek[.] beautiful water[.] stayed here for dinner[.] poor feed[.] there is a grove of trees ½ mile south of the road[.] we now ascend a steep hill and come to another creek about ½ a mile from the other[.] here is a grove of willows on the south of the road[.] not much water[.] we again pass over a series of hills, both on the north and south of the road are some beautiful groves of pine wood on the south[.] We travel for 4 miles by the side of a large range of Bluffs cross the Sweet Water[.] no feed[.] 2 miles further we come to Willow Creek[.] plenty of water and a large range of Willows growing in the Bottom but poor feed except early in the season[.] Campd here for the night[.] drove our cattle about 2 miles on the north of the road[.] here the feed is better[.] this day we travelled 16 miles 10th. Went on guard from ½ past 12 to 5[.] 3 miles from camp here is good feed and the cattle doing well[.] the stars shone bright [missing pages] [Diary also available in Library of Congress, Collection of Mormon Diaries [1935-1938], reel 11, item 3, vol. 2, 2-42] -- 23 January 2018 date retrieved from: Farmer, James, Journal, 1851 Apr.-1856 Nov., fd. 1. https://history.lds.org/overlandtravel/sources/15692327833058081052-eng/farmer-james-journal-1851-apr-1856-nov-fd-1?firstName=James%20Richard%20Aucock&surname=Hawkins -- [Diary also available in Library of Congress, Collection of Mormon Diaries [1935-1938], reel 11, item 3, vol. 2, 2-42]

Life timeline of John Hawkins

1835
John Hawkins was born on 6 Aug 1835
John Hawkins was 5 years old when Samuel Morse receives the patent for the telegraph. Samuel Finley Breese Morse was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
John Hawkins was 24 years old when Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species. Charles Robert Darwin, was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and, in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
John Hawkins was 27 years old when U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring the freedom of all slaves in Confederate territory by January 1, 1863. Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through the American Civil War—its bloodiest war and perhaps its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy.
John Hawkins was 42 years old when Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound. Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park", he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
John Hawkins was 52 years old when Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London. William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody was an American scout, bison hunter, and showman. He was born in Le Claire, Iowa Territory, but he lived for several years in his father's hometown in Toronto Township, Ontario, Canada, before the family returned to the Midwest and settled in the Kansas Territory.
John Hawkins was 59 years old when Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā – applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa – is now used worldwide. In India, he is also called Bapu and Gandhi ji, and known as the Father of the Nation.
John Hawkins died on 24 Jan 1908 at the age of 72
BillionGraves.com
Grave record for John Hawkins (6 Aug 1835 - 24 Jan 1908), BillionGraves Record 7739 Benjamin, Utah, Utah, United States

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