John Alfred Nelson

20 Mar 1855 - 9 Jun 1907

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John Alfred Nelson

20 Mar 1855 - 9 Jun 1907
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Ninian Neilson A History by Ray L Nelson Ninian is a distinctively Scottish name that has not gained any popular use since the Neilsons emigrated to the United States. But the name is of ancient and significant origin. Saint Ninian is the patron saint of Scotland. He is to Scotland what St. Patrick
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Life Information

John Alfred Nelson

Born:
Died:

Dayton Cemetery

Highway 36
Dayton, Franklin, Idaho
United States
Transcriber

BarbaraLeishman

September 19, 2013
Photographer

BarbaraLeishman

September 19, 2013

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Ninian's Story

Contributor: BarbaraLeishman Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago

Ninian Neilson A History by Ray L Nelson Ninian is a distinctively Scottish name that has not gained any popular use since the Neilsons emigrated to the United States. But the name is of ancient and significant origin. Saint Ninian is the patron saint of Scotland. He is to Scotland what St. Patrick is to Ireland. He is credited with bringing Christianity to Scotland probably from Ireland in the 5th century. Very little is know of him. St. Ninian appears on the Scottish calendar on September 16. The following variations of the name appear in ancient records from throughout Scotland and over some 15 centuries of time: Nynia, Nyniga, Ninianus, Nynnyaw (British form), Ninian Isle, Niniane, Ringan, Truinean, Rineyan, [Rinan, Rinansey, (Norse form)], St. Ronon's Yle or St. Tronan's Yle, St. Trinyon, St. Treignan, David Rinyhiane, Ringane, Ringean, Rinion, Renzion, and Rynyon Our Ninian was born in the parish of Inveresk, Midlothian on 21 August 1821, the son of Edward Neilson and Catherine Banks or Baulks. Edward Neilson had been born in Liberton Parish, but the rest of Ninian's progenitors who bore the name Neilson were christened in the Duddingston Parish, the ancient and perpetual home of the Neilsons. All of these parishes lie within about a 2-3 mile radius along the valley of the Esk river just east and south of Edinburgh. This is the place of origin. In more ancient times the colliers of Scotland had been thirled to the land. Meaning that they were “staked” or tied legally to the land. They were essentially slaves. Both ancient and modern scholars writing about this practice use the word slave in describing it. They could not rise above their condition as colliers and they could not remove their own person from the property to which they were thirled without risking arrest and prosecution. The law changed in 1792-3. As it was here in the U.S for slaves, the conditions changed gradually and harshly following the change in the law. In the 1820s and again in the 1830s economic panics or recessions put many of these colliers out on the streets, out of work. This led them to leave their ancestral homes and begin moving from place to place in search of work and better wages. The increasing industrialization and boom in steam engine technology was increasing the demand for coal and steam driven pumps were allowing the mines to work deeper into the earth. This then required that mining change. That mines became bigger, more technological places of employment, but the demand for cheap labor was, just as it always has been. In the British Census 1841 Ninian is living in Old Monkland, Lanarkshire in the home of his older, married brother. At this place there were both collieries and at Shotts there were Ironworks. Just down the street, living with her sister and her husband is a beautiful young lady, Christian Campbell. In 1842, Ninian and Christina were married, over across the firth of Forth, in Dunfermline. Their firstborn son, Edward was born there. Then they return to Shotts, and while at Shotts in Lanarkshire they have three daughters, Janet, Christina, and Catherine. In 1847, the family joins the LDS church, following Ninian's brothers and sisters into the new faith. Ninian, on the 4th of July and Christina on the 19th of October. Then they moved to Tranent... a long ways to the east, but that didn't last... In the British Census 1851, Ninian and family are in Fifeshire at Dalgetty. They are residing in the home of Martha Fife, a widow. They are lodgers living in this home and the census taker reported their condition as “pauper family out of work.” In pursuit of work they moved a lot. Conditions were not good. As with so many of these Collier families Ninian and Christina remained associated and active in the LDS faith but they did not take their family and emigrate like the rest of Ninian's siblings did in the early 1850s. Only Ninian, and Hogg remained in Scotland. Ninian's siblings: John Neilson, Martha Morgan, Jane Patterson, and Edward Banks Neilson, families in tow, had all emigrated over a period of 4-5 years after their introduction to their new faith. Records of the Edinburgh Conference, in the various branch registers give us bits and pieces, collateral families and priesthood advancements. But it is precious little. More and more Ninian and Christina are at or near Dunfermline, Fife. As their children grow they can obtain work in the textile industry so prevalent in that city. For some reason, perhaps health, Ninian moves away from mining and is shown working as a carter. Probably delivering and selling coal, door to door. Edward, goes into the mines. Catherine is employed as a servant. The family resides on Woodhead Street. On 15 March 1867 at the family residence in Dunfermline, Alexander Masterton, age 21 of Baldridge Burn, and Janet Neilson, age 20, a power loom operator and spinster, were married after the banns of the Church of Scotland. And then in August a grandaughter is born at the same address. The birth record is specific that the father was not present. The little girl is named Christina. Then on the 27 of November, Janet, the mother of this three month old baby died. She had been ill since the babies birth. 1867 was a difficult year for Ninian and Christina. On April 12, 1868 after a long and lonely winter the Neilson family with the exception of Ninian, who is an elder, is baptized. Christina and each child is baptized by brother Thomas Spowart and he or James Hoggan performed the confirmations. Exactly why all of them are baptized is unclear. It may have had a great deal to do with the loss of their sister Janet and a new conviction of their faith. They also had decided to emigrate. In a separate register of the Dunfermline Branch, the family is shown on Woodhead Street with all the members with whom we are familiar and another daughter-- Janet, whose date of birth is given a 6 September 1868. By that date, Ninian and Edward were arriving in Utah. There is a lot of confusion about the Janet listed here. Other records reveal that Janet was their oldest daughter and by the date of this register she was deceased. Perhaps the entry refers to their granddaughter Christina Masterton, who was born in August of 1867 at their home. But this interpretation means that the name, date and year of the entry are all wrong. That's possible given the reputation of the “branch clerks.” And if Christina Campbell Nelson had the care of her granddaughter after the mothers death, she may well have preferred to call her Janet rather than Christina. That would mean there were three Christinas under the same roof. On May 16, 1868, some four months before the birth date shown in the branch register above, Christina Masterton, age nine months passed away. This death took place at Beveridgewell, Dunfermline. And while the father Alexander Masterton is clearly not present, Ninian Neilson was. Many question are raised here. We are left only to ponder after 21 years as members of the LDS Church in Scotland what brought Ninian and Christina to leave? Why had they delayed? Was it money? Uncertain employment? Their children futures? Religious conviction? Nevetheless, about one month after their grandaughters death, Ninian and Edward are boarding the ship Constitution and leaving the British Isles forever. On 24 June 1868 they departed Liverpool for New York, leaving Christina, and her children Christina, Catherine, Helen, John Alfred, and James Douglas waiting in Scotland for their turn. While Ninian and Edward were at sea, on 7 July 1868, at the age of 25 in Baldridgeburn, Dunfermline, Alexander Masterton, a coal miner and widower of Janet Neilson died. When will we come to understanding? After Ninian's departure the family does not appear on Woodhead street. The records that follow show them on Newrow. Here in this house, on 3 December 1868 at 4:00 pm. youthy Catherine Neilson died. She was 21. The cause of death is listed as gastric fever duration four weeks. She was a factory worker in Dunfermline where they manufactured the finest fabrics in the British Empire. Christina was alone to face this crisis without Ninian or Edward. Brother Thomas Spowart is again listed on the death record as present, a neighbor and witness. The holidays came and went, and it must have been a long long winter for Christina. When spring came again so did death. On 26 April 1869, Christina Neilson, the youngest of these three sisters, died at 2:00 am. in the same little house on Newrow. The cause of death is listed as phthisis pulmonalis duration one year. Christina had been working as a power loom operator. Working in some dim shop filled with steam driven machines with no ventilation, breathing the chaff of flaxen threads, bleached and dyed. Who knew? And once again Brother Thomas Spowart is listed as neighbor and friend, there to witness the end and buoy up those who mourn. These little glimpses after all this time tell us enough. Here is an elder of the restoration going about the business of that calling. Seeing to the needs of those he had been called to serve. 15 May 1869, the Deseret News, Salt Lake City, Utah printed the following in a column headed D I E D: Neilson-- At Dunfermline, April 26, Christina Neilson aged 19 years. Her sister died on the 4th of Dec, 1868. Br Nenney Neilson, the father, immigrated last year, and his wife wishes him to know that she and her helpless family need his immediate aid and advice.-- Deseret News please copy. This is the means by which Ninian Neilson learned of the death of his two daughters after his departure from Scotland. Two years after Ninian and Edward, Christina Campbell Neilson and her remaining children emigrated. No details remain of the year she passed in Dunfermline after her daughter's deaths. They sailed on the ship SS Manhattan, departing Liverpool, England on 13 July 1870. Karl G Maeser was presiding over the LDS immigrants on board. The ship arrived at New York on 26 July 1870 and the company continued the journey to Utah by special train arriving at Ogden 5 August 1870. She was accompanied on the voyage and special train by her children: Ellen age 18, John age 11 and James age 7. These ages are of course not correct but that's what the record shows. The Deseret News dated 5 August 1870 noted the arrival of this company as follows: Arrived – The Company of immigrant Saints, who came by the SS Manhattan, arrived at Ogden at thirty five minutes past one this afternoon. They started for Salt Lake switching at Kaysville to permit the train that leaves Salt Lake to pass. They will probably reach Salt Lake about five O'clock this afternoon. So there it is preserved in the record. We even know the hour of the day. The image of Christina and her children stepping off the train and onto the boardwalk at Ogden Union Station to their reunion with Ninian and Edward is a powerful vision. Who can say more? John Nelson and family, William Morgan / Martha Nelson family, Andrew Patterson / Jane Neilson families immigrated about 1851 -52. Finding work in St. Louis they prepared and came to Utah by wagon train. Those were early years. Arriving in Salt Lake ( not necessarily at the same time) they were all sent to southern Utah in what was called the Iron Mission. It is a difficult story that is not well known. Suffering deprivation and starvation they returned to Nephi, Utah and / or Utah County to winter through. By 1857 the Iron Mission was done. They produced a few tons of iron but could not sustain the endeavor. Their experience at Shotts with both coalmining and iron smelter production was no doubt invaluable in Parawan and Cedar City. John Neilson pioneered both Smithfield Utah and Logan, Utah with the same party in 1859. William and Martha Morgan were in the original pioneers of Chicken Creek, now Levan, Utah, and Andrew and Jane Patterson were in the original party of settlers for Beaver, Utah. By 1870 John Neilson was successful in Cache County, Utah with several business ventures including, lumbering, a sawmill on the island in Logan, a milling business, and farming and freighting goods to the gold rush miners in Virginia City, Montana. Arriving in 1868 it is likely that Ninian and Edward could obtain employment in one of Johns enterprises. They settled in Hyde Park, just north of Logan and near Smithfield. To this resort they brought Christina and the others in 1870. In 1873 Edward married Janet Blair Sneddon, born in Clackmannon, Scotland. They were married and sealed in the Endownment House in Salt Lake City. Ellen Married Nels Christinsen, of Smithfield, an immigrant from Denmark. In 1879 John Alfred Married Rosella Seamons of Hyde Park. And in 1880 James Douglas married Margaret Ann Reid of Smithfield. Her father came to Smithfield to be a cobbler in the United Order Store during the 1870s. When that failed it became a private business which has remained there the same business through this writing. Smithfield Implement. Both John Alfred and James Douglas also worked in the leather shop, learning how to work leather and make shoes under the tutillage of James Reid. Then James married Reid's daughter and.... that's another story. Ninian and Christina spent a decade and more in Hyde Park watching their surviving children grow up and marry. There is scant record of them. They seem to be there but they are retiring people who never seek public attention and never make public records. They were strangers in a far country. Could it be that they were old enough that they found the changes from Scotland to the wild west a bit of a challenge? Did they miss the green of Scotland when facing the seasons of the arid west? Did they feel lost in the dynamic changing culture of America so used to the crushing traditions in Scotland that so limited ones opportunities? Were they still mourning the immense losses of their daughter's lives so far away? In Scotland, the Nelsons would never have had the opportunity to be landowners. From feudal times, only the Baronial families had held property. For Ninian and Christina, having struggled so many years to pay their rents and live in miner's row houses on miner's wages and having seen their own children's live wasted on this system, it must have been something like becoming a titled nobleman when they bought their first property. In 1882 they sold a piece of property which they had obtained in Clifton, Oneida, Idaho. It's their first land transaction for which we have record. There are other deeds and deed transfers in both Christina and Ninian's name. Some of these properties produced enough capital to have lived several years on the proceeds or purchase fine horses for breeding stock. In 1886 Ninian filed on a homestead near Dayton, Oneida, Idaho and was granted the patent in 1892. In 1890 Ninian became a naturalized citizen of the United States. Living in Dayton Ninian became a breeder of horses. Something that area (Clifton and Dayton) became known for. Ninian was raised around horses, used to operate the lifts and derricks at the mines in Scotland. He had become a carter in Dunfermline. He may have been a teamster on the Virginia City gold route, for his brother John. And now he became a landed gentleman who bred and traded horses. Could it be that this pursuit of horses was the fulfillment of a dream? No matter how you read the facts, to have gone from the slavery of coalmining to being a landed horse breeder in one lifetime is a story with a great deal of awe. On the 29 December 1894 Christina Campbell Nelson passed away. Three and a half years later on 30 June 1898, Ninian Nelson died at the age of 76. They are both buried in the Dayton Cemetery, Dayton (now Franklin), Idaho. THE SERF Roy Campbell His naked skin clothed in the torrid mist That puffs in smoke around the patient hooves, The ploughman drives, a slow somnambulist, And through the green his crimson furrow grooves. His heart, more deeply than he wounds the plain, Long by the rasping share of insult torn, Red clod, to which the war-cry once was rain And tribal spears the fatal sheaves of corn, Lies fallow now. But as the turf divides I see in the slow progress of his strides Over the toppled clods and falling flowers, The timeless, surly patience of the serf That moves the nearest to the naked earth And ploughs down palaces, and thrones, and towers.

Rosella Ann Nelson Winn (in her words)

Contributor: BarbaraLeishman Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago

Rosella Ann Nelson was born 10 October 1885 in Hyde Park Utah. I lived with my parents, my fathers name was John Alfred nelson and he was born 20 March 1855, and died 30 July 1907, he was drowned in Bair River at Battle Creek Idaho now called Winder Idaho. He was buried in Dayton Idaho. His wife was Rosella Ann Seamons born 6 January 1899 in Farmington Davis County, Utah, she was buried in Hyde Park, Utah, and I think their house would be a little log house most of them were in those days. 2.My mother past away when I was two years and four months old. When my younger sister was born and I had an older sister than I was, her name was Fannie Royce Russell Nelson. She was two and half years older than I was. Then when our little sister comes to live with us mother got very sick. She must of known she was going to pass away because she gave our little sister away to one of her aunts Emma to keep. Emma Seamons was grandmother Seamons brother’s wife. Then our father took sister Fannie and I home with him to his mother to live with grandma Nelson to live with his parents and they were both real old. I have been told what I have written up to here. 3.Those days Dr. kept woman in bed for at least ten days after having a baby before she could get up at all. So we got my husband’s brother and his wife to come and stay with us for a couple weeks till I got up and around again. That was something new for me to take care of a little baby, but I learned like others do. I took care of my baby first then what ever needed to be done I did it. 4. We got along just fine the next fall my husband went up in the hills to work to the sawmill with his brother Ben, to get out lumber for the West Cache to build floors and bridges on the West Cache Canal. I don’t remember how long it took to get the logs into the mill and haul the lumber out of the canyon down to the West Cache Canal but his brother Ben helped him haul the last of the contract out of the canyon. He had my pony and another little black horse of his to work that winter then he got him another team of gray mares, they were a little bigger than my pony and the black one but they wasn’t any better to work. 5.My grandma was a wonderful little woman what I can remember of her 6.His fathers name is Ninon Nelson; his mothers name is Christina Campbell. 7.Then we lived with them till I was eight years old. Then grand mother past away, but before she past away she learned us girls to cook, make bread, and take care of the butter, wash by hand, patch, darn stockings and a lot of other things we out to know about. They said grandmother lay in bed for two years before she past away. I can remember it was a long time grandma taught us girls a lot about taking care of the house. 8.Father, grandmother took sister Fanny and I down to Hyde Park to see our little sister Jennie. I don’t remember much, we went in a covered wagon that was before Grand mother past away some time on our ponies back we only had a bridle and what they called a serngle they called it, it was made out of canvas about six inches wide and a strap on back end so we could buckle it up like a saddle synch so we could hold a small blanket on the horses back and made it tighten up to hold to if we wanted to and we always rode our ponies side ways and we could ride them as fast as they could run as long as they stood up we would stay put, but if the horse stumbled or jumped sideways we would fall of. I guess we got a lot of bumps till we learned to ride, but my pony never left me if I fell of he would always stay there till I could get up again then he would help me on his back. 9.I didn’t go to school much. Fanny was the older one, grandfather thought Fanny ought to go to school and me stay with him and I could go to school later, but that time didn’t come 10.Was a nice clean woman and she taught us girls to be the same. She used to say if it is worth doing then do it well and I have tried hard to remember what she told me, when I do things I like them done well and when I have room I have a place for everything and I like it in it’s place, so I don’t have to hunt for it. Grandma must have been up in her seventy’s some where when she past away, she had pretty white hair and a real pretty face. 11.Grandpa, sister Fanny and I went home with aunt Ellen up to Teaton basing for the winter, we stayed till the first of May and when we come out of there we drove over the fences on top of the snow. But while we was there that winter we both had the red measles and five of aunt Ellen’s children and boy was sick, there was seven of us sick all at one time and what I mean we were all sick. Aunt Ellen couldn’t get the measles to brake out for a long time. I can tell you we were sick then we finally got better. 12.Then when spring came we started home, we had to come with a team and sleighs as far as Rexburg to catch the train. I remember the first train ride and how scared of the train I was. 13. And I can remember how glad I was to get home and see my pony. I love him almost like a person and I think he like me to. I don’t know how many years we stayed there after that. 14. We dreamed to go up on the foot hills and get the cows at night and bring them home, father showed us how to fix a strap to hold a little blanket 15.Short time after grandma and grandfather past away Dencil Alonso Seamons come to live with us. I don’t know how many years he stayed, but I think till he got married. I remember he would take me with him down to the river ice-skating he would put skates on my shoes and I would hold to his coat. He would pull me and how we would go down the river. Then later he married one of the Morten girls and leaves us in peace. 16.Then after Grand father passed away a while I was ten or eleven years of age father started looking for a companion and sister Fanny went up to Montana to work for Ben Winn and his wife. Then father got married to a lady named Barno Mucheson with five children. She and I would rock her children when I was a small girl. I just loved her four girls and a boy and we all got along fine. 17.I worked when I could get work and when I didn’t have work I cam home to Father. They were very good to me and whenever I went to work I took my pony and if they didn’t want my pony then I didn’t go. I worked one place where I was supposed to get my board and clothes, I was there three months with my pony and she gave me one new dress. 18.Breakfast to get four or five little boys, a young man, the lady and my self, four of these little boys had to bee ready for school then there was the washing, ironing, bake bread, make butter to churn and take care of the sweeping and scrubbing floors and all the other things that go along with house keeping. 19.I got sick and went home. I am sorry I don’t have more dates; I couldn’t have been more than ten or eleven at that time. I had seven cows to milk night and morning 20.The lady was sick in bed all the time, then some time later she sent for me again and I worked there three weeks. I quit and to this day I haven’t got my money. That’s the way life is I guess. 21.When I would come home for a while I always helped my step mother with the work. I have always loved to work. 22.I was driving the team on the bridges boy how scared they were and when we were small father made us a little sleigh we had a big ice pond by our house where they stored water for the cattle in the summer. We sure had a good time on the ice. 23.When I was a little girl I used to pet him and feed him grain, apples, candy, carrots and he like them and I would call him as far as he could hear me he would come running. I talked to Saler just like I would a person when I got him taught to help me on his back. I would say well Saler you will have to help me on you are to big, down would go his head and I would lay across his neck he would tease me on his back and if ever I went to far and I would on the other side on the ground he would wait for me to get up, come back and he would try again. 24.My father carried mail from Preston to Battle Creek and he had a cart like they would have to run races with him, then we broke our ponies to work Saler was a wonderful hoarse he was the best friend I ever had, when I was a little girl than after we broke him to work, we would hook him to the cart and drive him to town. He would work anywhere you put him, but he would work for me the best, we seldom ever took each other horse, we always took our own. 25.Well after father got married he was a little different, but we got along fine. I always called my step mother Grandma, I used to go to her place when I was a very small girl and rock her babies in the old fasbing cradle that was when she was living with her first husband and I tended babies another lady to. Mrs. Williams she had a little baby boy and this little baby had two thumbs on both hands and one of the thumbs on each hand didn’t have any bones in it. He doctor took them off, I never forgot two people were sour neighbors they lived a half or three quarters of a mile from our home. 26.Father traded his place in Dayton for the Jack Murdock home in Battle Creek and my father bought the Charley Paul place the house that was on it. It had been a grocery store, post office and a place to live in after that my father took the partition out between the store and post office. We had a school for a while and we danced there, it wasn’t to big, but we had a lot of fun, our music was an accordion, violin, a harmonica, then later they organized a ward there, we had Sunday School and meeting then that left father and us two girls, but we still had our ponies. I kept mine till long after I was married and I rode him for a good many years after. 27. I was married I had lots of chances to sell him, but I said no he is going to die mine and he did. 28.When I got kicked in the face with a little colt he cut the bottom of my chin of. 29.Our family was a happy family, we always spoke kind to each other never remember farther scolding one of us girls, but if we ever done anything wrong he would correct us and tell us the right way and if we ever hurt anyone’s feelings then he would see to it that we went and made it Wright with them. We had one of the best fathers in the world and father taught us to be good to any person and to help them when ever we could and we was never aloud to talk back to a older person than yourself. 30.My mother was a good woman to, so I have heard father tell us a lot about her to. He would always say I would like you girls to be like your mother. Well I have always tried to be a good girl and a good mother oh maybe I wasn’t the best in the world but I done the best I could. 31.I was married five months after I was sixteen years old, my sister Fannie and I was married the same day. My husband name was Marion Anderson Winn, he was born 13 may 1869, and my sister Fannie married Urbin John Winn. We were married in February 8, 1900 in a place called Battle Creek at the time later named Winder. It was his mothers old home, I never knew her but his father (John Winn) was still alive at that time. He was very nice old man I always called him Grandpa Winn that was a year or to before I ever knew he would be my father in-law and I thought a lot of him. He was a very nice man. 32. We lived in the old home for a few years and my husbands younger brother got married, we fixed up a one room house across the street, it had been used for a place to put grain in, we cleaned it out put fabric on them and then put paper on them and we made a quite a nice little home for to. I always tried to keep my home nice and clean when I was well, I always had a good garden and most every kind of small fruit there was and a small orchard of apples, pairs, plumbs, prunes, we raised most of the wheat we ate, we always had plenty for ourselves and some for others that was less fortunate than we was. 33.When I was first married my husband was working for a man that had sheep, he was only home a month after we was married, then he had to take the sheep out on the range for feed. He went the first of March and stayed till the fall when they brought them home. I stayed home and kept house for his brother and another man that worked for them sometimes. My step sister stayed with me a lot of the time, Martha and I were always happy together, about a month after I was married my sister and step sister and I nearly got drowned in Bear River, (this was by the bridge from grandma’s house) that happened the third of March 1900. That was a habit of every one to drive their team down in the river on their way to town give them a drink, we had done that lots of times before, but this time we had one buckey mare and one with a sore neck when they got enough to drink the buckey one laid down in the water the other one swam down under the river bridge took the buggy in with her, the river was the highest time of the year. I was taking a pair of shoes to town to get them changed for my husband the next day. When he came through with the sheep and when I seen we was going under the bridge I grabbed hold of Martha and held to her. I had a silver dollar in my hand didn’t loose it, the buggy seat and the shoes went floating down the river and so did Martha and I when I struck bottom I got up quick and I could pull Martha out of the water she was nearly drowned, but we brought her too. I didn’t ever loose the dollar I held in my hand well. That was the last time we ever drove a team down in the river to drink. Sister Fanny was driving the team she held on to the lines turned the horses up the side of the bridge towards the bank of the river. We got help, they got the buggy seat and the shoes floating down the river, we saved everything but sixteen eggs and we learned a good lesson. We each went back home changed our clothes then went on to town. I figure we were sure lucky the Lord was on our side lending us a helping hand to save our lives. 34.My husband sent word with someone to bring me up, he had some pet lambs he was feeding up there, so I got a neighbor boy to take me up there he knew where my husband was so we went up there just fine. But when we started back in the afternoon we didn’t have such good luck. We got the lambs loaded and started down the hill the wagon wheel dropped in a badger hole on the low side and tripped the wagon over, spilled the lambs and us, we went rolling down the hill scared the team, we got out of that with no broken bones. We unhooked the team went back to camp then we had to stay the night, to get the wagon fixed next morning and come home just fine. Then my husband stayed till fall and brought the sheep home and he stayed home after that for a while.. My husband would send me some pet lambs home every time his boss would come home and I raised 23 lambs that summer and they were nice big ones, we fenced a peace of land with net wire to put them in and they were doing just fine, one morning we got up they were all dead, but I guess that is the way life is lots of up and downs. 35.We never had much money but we always had plenty to wear and plenty to eat for ourselves and lots of others. We nearly always had someone staying in our home. We raised most of what we ate grain for flower, meat, potatoes and a very good garden, each year we had a few cows and all the butter and milk we wanted. I always kept a few chickens for eggs what more would anyone want. There was a lot of hard work attached to all of that, but that was what we were put here for was to learn, to work for our selves and help others. 36.The first winter we were married my husband shot wild ducks brought them home every night we would pick them and clean them till midnight, sometimes later he shot enough that we got feathers enough to make a big feather tick mattress and to big pillows. He caught a lot of trout besides the ducks every day. We got $.20 cents a pair for the ducks but I don’t remember what we got a pound for the fish and we had a few pounds of butter to sell for $.10 or $.15 cents a pound. We had plenty of money for groceries each week. We used to set the milk in tin pans for the cream to rise then skim the cream of the top, We churned our butter in a old wooden churn with a dasher we didn’t have separators to use or milkers either, we done it all by hand. 37.Then in the next spring we began to prepare for a little stranger to come live with us and the 28th of April 1901 he arrived a big 9-pound baby boy and was we happy he was well and strong. He grew to be a fine man. We named him Marion Henry. We had seven children, five living. My life from then was built around home taking care of my children and the home seeing that I had meals ready for my husband when he came home. 38.Those days Dr. kept woman in bed for at least ten days after having a baby before she could get up at all. So we got my husband’s brother and his wife to come and stay with us for a couple weeks till I got up and around again. That was something new for me to take care of a little baby, but I learned like others do. I took care of my baby first then what ever needed to be done I did it. 39. We got along just fine the next fall my husband went up in the hills to work to the sawmill with his brother Ben, to get out lumber for the West Cache to build flooms and bridges on the West Cache Canal. I don’t remember how long it took to get the logs into the mill and haul the lumber out of the canyon down to the West Cache Canal but his brother Ben helped him haul the last of the contract out of the canyon. He had my pony and another little black horse of his to work that winter then he got him another team of gray mares, they were a little bigger than my pony and the black one but they wasn’t any better to work. 40.I always liked my house clean so other people would like to come there, many times my husband and I have given our bed to a friend who was traveling through and we slept on the floor, yes more than one night. We always tried to make people feel welcome when they came to our home. We didn’t have things like we do today, but we shared what we had with them and we were all happy those days. We didn’t have to have a lot of things to make us happy like most do today. 41.Then in the next spring my husband bought me a new sewing machine, then I learned to sew things for my baby and my self. 42.Then my husband went away to work in a saw mill and left me with a small baby to tend, all the choirs to do on my own, wood to chop and all the water I used to pack nearly a half a mile. I would take my baby on one arm and a bucket in the other hand and that’s the way I got all the water for washing cloth, cooking and other things. My husband would try to come home on weekends and bring a load of lumber down to sell. Well we lived there for a year and half then the three boys got their mothers home and the land and we decided to take the South side, so we put logs under our little house and hooked a couple teams of horses to it and down the field we went. We moved our corral barns and all of our things and the next spring we planted a nice little orchard down there and fixed a place for our garden and in the summer my husband would turn some water in the irrigating ditch that run by the side of the house so I could get water to wash and cleaning that sure did help a lot because when we moved down there we didn’t have any place to put our extra horses. So they put a stack of hay down in the field about three quarters of a mile from the house and I had to go down there and feed 6 or 7 head of horses and of course I couldn’t take the baby with me so I had to leave him in the house while I went. I would give him something to play with and if he cried it was to bad and if he didn’t it was better that’s what I had to do with him a lot of times when it was winter time cold there wasn’t any one to run in and tend you baby while you done this or that. 43.We tended our own babies, our lives was about the same routine every day of the year for years and years one and a while there would be a little change. My husband loved to fish and a lot of times I would go with him when my babies were big enough to take with me up in the hills. I used to croquet a lot those days and I would take my croqueting with me and sit in the car. By the way my husband never drove a car, so I generally had to take him so I would take my croqueting and my babies and take my husband fishing. He would fish and I would croquet for hours and some weeks, but I didn’t care to go anywhere but fishing and hunting so I never complained. I think a man needs to do some things that they enjoy the same as a woman and what things didn’t get done today we done tomorrow and nothing said about it he always caught some fish and that helped out for the meals. They would all be cleaned before we left the river, they would be ready to be put in the oven when we got home and bake them for supper. 44.I was never cross with him when he asked if I would take him any where and lots of times in the winter time when the river would freeze over in some places father and I would go fishing under the ice, they didn’t have any law against fishing under the ice them days or any limit to what you caught that was one place where I could nearly beat him was fishing under the ice. I sure caught a lot of fish a couple winters, I got so I didn’t feel very good so I stayed home and let him go alone, but that was sure a lot of fun and what made me happy was that I could catch more than he did sometimes but we got a lot of fun out of it anyway. 45.Well a woman’s work is just about the same every day you get up in the morning, take care of your baby if you have one and if you live on a farm there is lots of chores to do like feeding chickens, pigs, and maybe milking cows, feeding calves some times a few lambs and sometimes feed the cows and horses and anything that comes along. Then we come and get breakfast for the family then after that you have dishes to clear away and wash, clothes to pick up beds to make, floors to sweep and mop and a dozen other little jobs to do. They say a mans work is from sunup till sundown but a woman’s work is never done, work as hard as she can but she never gets it done. Then there is all the washing ironing, making clothes for the children, patching, sewing buttons on and a lot of other little things that need doing. 46.When I was a young woman I worked out in the field with my husband. I could mow hay, rake it, and help haul it and stack it just as good as a man, so that saved hiring a man. I was always glad to help when I could do it, and we could use that money for some thing else. I was always happy to save a few pennies when ever I could. You know people are the happiest when they are busy as when they are working for their selves and trying to make a home for their family. I think most of us are like. 47.Well they finally got the land divided and the old house and lot come over on our side of the land. We moved back on the lot, we sold the old log house and moved it away. Then we moved all our things back again and lived there all the years my husband lived and he past away March 1951 and I lived alone for about four years after his death. 48.Before we moved from down in the field my second son was born July 24, 1903 we named him John Winn and he was a perfectly healthy baby and he just done fine and that time we had step sister Martha come and live with us for a couple of weeks till I was able to around again, we never had Doctor them days it was just a lady that took care of us those days, we always tried to do the best we could. After the baby was born and we got things moved, life was about the same every day and when that fall come my husband went away to work up in the saw mill, he left me with to baby’s and all the chores and the babies to take care of and all my wood to chop, believe me that kept me busy all day. Believe me in the winter we couldn’t take the children with us to do chores, so I had to just leave them in the house and run back every little while and see how they were and fill the stove with wood to keep the house warm for the little children. 49.Then the next spring we moved our garden down in the field about three quarters of a mile from the house, there was a nice peace of ground down there so I planted my garden and my raspberries and straw berries. I had to get a little wagon to pull the children so I could take them with me when I went down there to work in the garden and pick berries. Then I could pick the berries and not have to pack them, boy I always had plenty to do in those days. We never had any time to get lonely if we done all that needed doing each day. Our way of transportation took us so long to get anywhere the day was gone before we could get it all done. 50.When I was a young woman I wasn’t sick very much only when my babies were born and I didn’t stay home very long. I would pick up again till I began to get arthritis, then things were a lot harder for me to do to get around and that started when I was quite a young woman and all those years I have been cripple and hard for me to get around. 51.I have left out a part there are two more children to come in this story, before I come to this place when this child was born that was the first doctor we ever had and his name was Doctor Emmery and we lived five miles North of Preston and the Doctor lived in Preston and the river bridge was washed out and no way to get across the river so the doctor had to drive a team and sleigh down the river three miles to get to a place to forge the river then come back up along a ditch bank. I took sick Thursday afternoon and he wasn’t born till Saturday morning. The doctor had to make two trips out and there was two feet of new snow on the ground for him to come through. Well those days you weren’t sure of nothing. We sure had some tuff times to live, but of course we were used to that kind of a life, so we didn’t mind. I sure had to take a lot of care of him I hardly let him out of my sight for he was seven years old he used to sleep at the foot of the bead till he was seven years old and I had a operation and had to go to the hospital for ten days, so had to leave him with his father, but I worried about him a lot but he was all right. Then there was six years gone by the work was about the same every day there was chores to do, meals to cook, house to clean, washing, ironing, bread to make, butter to churn, ironing to do, patching clothes and these days we half soled our own shoes. 52.I am a little ahead of my story, shortly after we moved back on the lot again we had another baby comer to our home to live, , but he wasn’t as strong as the other two but he got along pretty good only he couldn’t work like the other boys, he was always tall and slim while the other boys were shorter and heavier. We named him Alma he was born February 6, 1909 in Winder Idaho. The tall one was ready to walk when he was eleven months old, then he got the chicken pox and we nearly lost him and he never walked till he was over eighteen months old and he didn’t do very good for a long time and there was six years between him and the next one. The work was about the same every day only I got tired of going down there for everything. I got out of the garden and sometimes I needed something and didn’t have time to go and get it so we plowed a piece of ground down on the creek bottom and that was just back of the house a couple of rods. It sure raised good garden and the ground was sandy to, easy to work. Then I had a piece on top of the hill that I planted every kind of berries that you could get, Dooe berries, raspberries, two kinds of strawberries, English currants and native currants, black currants, and I raised anything that grows in a garden and lots of it. We always had a plentiful garden for us and some for others. I was glad to have the garden up close to the house where I could get out early in the mornings and hoe the weeds before the sun comes up; the ground is easier to hoe that time of day. 53.My first two boys are getting big enough to help me a little and that sure helps out, saves me a lot of steps like packing a little wood, maybe little bucket of water and a lot of other things and they were always ready to help me when I needed help. They are still good to help me when I need help that’s one thing I have been blessed with is a good family to help me. I don’t know how people get along with out a family when they get old, there isn’t any one to help them when they get old and sick and need help you have to depend on some one else and they have their folks to take care of. I know I am thankful for my family they are good to me and it would be hard to get along without them. 54.I have always been independent as I could, I never ask for help till I am sure I need it, but my hands are tired now I can’t do hardly anything. I have to have help with nearly everything. 55.I had a shoemaker’s kit and I could put a sole on a shoe as well as a man and I was the town barber, I cut a lot of the men and boys hairs and shaved them. There weren’t very many things that I couldn’t do when I was a young woman. 56.Well in the fall of October 20 we was preparing for another little one to come and live with us and he was born the 20 October 1911 We name him Bert Evron, in Winder Idaho. and when he came here he was a nice big strong baby and he was always done good and he has a family of five, 4 girls and a boy 57.Well this last summer decided to build us a new house, but didn’t get it finished before the new baby come so I went and stayed with my husbands brother and wife till I could get up and around again and that wasn’t very long till I could go again. Then in a little while I moved back home then that made four little boys and we loved every one of them and their families and now that I am a little older I am very happy about having a family. There is some one to help me when I am old and times need a little help. I often wonder how others do that, that doesn’t have any family to help them and come and see them. That must be terrible so of my family comes to see me real often, but them that lives further away can’t come so often, but they come when they can and I am always happy to see them any time the can. That’s something I am happy about always got along with my boys and lots of other boys when they got older and began to want a ball of their own I told them to bring their balls home with them and play then I knew where they were and what they were doing and they did. 58.I always had a house full of boys, some times some girls to then time goes on about the same for two years and four months, then I got sick and lost a baby and I never have been well any more since. After that my health wasn’t very good, I couldn’t do things like I used to of course every day things were about the same there was the chores to do, the family to take care of, washing and ironing to do and al of the house hold stuff that goes along with it. 59.Later I was sick and the doctor said I would have to go to Salt Lake to be operated on. Doctor Parkinson took out my appendices and Doctor Midelton straightened my female organs. I was there for ten days and left my family with my husband. We lived close to his brother’s family so they helped him with the family till I could come back. I went down with my husband’s oldest sister and her husband. That was my first experience with operations well I got through that pretty good and I came home again and started to work again. So I could get caught up again. I canned all my fruits and vegetables that fall besides taking care of my family, helping with the chores, getting things out of the garden that would freeze and putting them in the cellar for winter and picking the apples and the potatoes of course some of the children was big enough to help and when I pulled my cabbage they could pack them up to the cellar where I had dug a trench to put them in and cover them for winter. Then when I needed one I could go out dig it up again and boy they were good to eat after they had been frozen. I left my Parsnips in the ground till spring then dug them up, I always dug my carrots and put them in a bin in the cellar with the potatoes and they kept fine. We always had plenty of everything when winter come. 60.When I had a few extra pennies during the summer I would buy a can of coffee or tea, salt or sugar and then just store them on a shelf down in the cellar and bought each week what we needed. I didn’t use those things only if we couldn’t get to town, then I always liked to have something stored ahead then you were never out of things. 61.Well we didn’t have a very big farm but boy there was a lot of work there to do. Well the same fall that my fourth boy was born we got our house finished as much as we could that fall we got the kitchen and the front room and one bedroom finished. That fall one of my half sisters came to live with me she was there two years. She wasn’t only about twelve years old, she didn’t know to much about doing things but she soon learned to help what she could 62.Time goes on there was a middle-aged man that trapped with my husband; he lived about three or four miles from our house. When we got around the trap line then they would have some dinner and go clean and stretch their furs. They got my husband would ask him to stay all night and he would so that was another one I had to do for then after a while one of his nephews come and lived with us for four or five years. That was my oldest sons pall, but he was good to help with the chores and lots of things then one of my cousins chased around with my second boy and they would go to the dance and when they got home there was five males more to go to get him home so they asked him to stay all night, he did and he stayed with us for four years till he got married and he was a fine young man. He used to take my husband fishing a lot and I didn’t have to go and drive the car and I could get more done around home. 63.To keep my work done around home there was always plenty to do around our home and was always happy to do it, but didn’t like to get behind with my work. I liked to keep things done up and I am sure you can’t do that if your are gone some place two or three times a week, something has got to be neglected so I was glad to have him with us because he saved me a lot of time then. 64.The next fall October 18, 1919 there was another little baby boy born, we would of liked to had a girl but it was a boy so that was alright. He was a big strong boy, we name him Leo Hyde Winn and he is the biggest one of all on them and he is quiet healthy to and good to work like the other of our family was, all quite well, only when colds, measles and hoping cough and mumps were around of course they had all of those and the oldest boy had typhoid pneumonia when he was twelve years old, we nearly lost him, but he got better again all of my children used to have the croops, when they cough a little cold I sure didn’t like that, but we lived through it and after a while they all out grew it and they were all bigger. 65.When Leo was three months old we was all down with the flu but my husband and Leo the baby had the crude and the pneumonia and I had to get my older sister to come and stay a day or two till I could take care of the baby again and was glad we were over with it that was real hard flu and we took a long time to over it, well it wasn’t any fun to have to that. 66.Well that made me seven boys to wash for, my husband his friend my half sister and my self every week there was a lot of ironing to do to, some weeks there was a 22 shirts to iron every week, besides all the other things and we all lived through it and I am glad I could help some one that needed help in fact I would like to have the health I had and live those days once again. 67.They were the happy days when my children were growing up. Then in a few years they began to get married and move away from home, that was the time when we felt bad one at a time and they were all gone. Then my oldest half sister died and her girl come to live me she was about five years old, her name was Norma Ray Suliven she lived with until she got married. She live us fifteens years and we only had one old ford car for all of us to use, and when the boys worked on the headers and the thrasher then that was a job for mother to take them all to work Monday morning and go get them Saturday night. Father didn’t drive the car but I didn’t mind doing it for then they were all good to, the reason for that was because 68.We only had car and father needed the car we all had to use and do best we could of it. We didn’t have all the things we would like to have but we shared what we did have and we were all happy and got along fine. 69.When we was all home I had to mix and bake fourteen loaves of bread every other day, when we were all home the was twelve of us to eat there three times a day, well we didn’t buy to much we raised most of what we ate and that made it lots better, we didn’t have to have much money and that was a lot better. I done the washing and ironing for the other folks that stayed with us, same as I done for my own they were part of the family and as long as they stayed with us and I was always happy to do things to help them. 70.There is only one half sister and I left in my father’s family now the rest have all gone. Father had six girls no boys I am 84 and I belong to the first family. I am the second girl; my father was a wonderful man kind and good to us girls. I can’t ever remember father speaking cross to us girls or any of the family or the second family either. We all got along just fine and I sure did miss him for a long time. 71.Well we are still on the farm doing the same things as usual, but before the boys all got married they were big enough to help me put up the hay racked it and hauled it and stacked it for three years we cut the hay and hauled it and stacked it there was just a couple of the boys and myself and those days we didn’t have a derrick to put the hay up on the stack. We had to use ropes to roll it up on the stack sometimes you would get it just about up on the stack and it would slide of the side of the stack, then we would get down and load the wagon again and try to roll it again. We was tired when night came but we got lot of hay hauled each day till we got it all done, that way we saved the hay while my oldest boy and my husband worked away from the home on the thrasher. There wasn’t many things I couldn’t do when I was a young woman but guess these days are all gone now I am here in this home and I have to have the help of a walker to walk around, but I am thankful I can do that much, that I don’t have to be in a wheel chair all day. 72.Well seems like it is the same thing every day you get up and dress, wash and comb hair, get breakfast do chores if you have any and then come back to the house and clean tables, wash dishes, sweep floors, mop, make beds and pick up things, put them away and a thousand other things, but when I was young and able to do it I just loved to work and make things look nice and I love to crochet a lot, make lots of pretty things like bed spreads, table clothes, pillow cases, doilies, hot pads and most anything that was crocheted and I used to knight my husbands stockings and my children’s stockings as long as they would ware them I made the children’s shirts and pants to till they got bigger. 73.We did lots of things that they wouldn’t do to day, I made my own dresses to and for a lot of others to my sister Fannie was better sewer than I was and whenever I got anything I couldn’t make I would go to her for help. She was always good to help me when she could and of course if she needed help any time I helped her to. Them days we all helped each other and I never charged any one for anything I done for them well I always said if help you then if I need help some one will help me and I know that’s true. I have that proved to me so I can truthfully say that when I was working in the temple I had our own names at first then when I done them all that we had I just kept on working. I just take a name from the desk and people would ask my why I done so much work for other people then I would say oh if I do something for someone then someone will help me and sure enough they did. 74.My husband had a cousin in California his mother and my husband father are brother and sister, we had looked all over here to find my husbands grand mothers record, but no good then after my husband past away I started to work in the temple at first I drove a car down every morning and back at night while it was 27 miles to Logan I could make two sessions and come home before dark, well I done that for a while about two years then my car began to be old and didn’t run so good so I got me a little one room apartment and moved down to Logan for the winter and moved back in the summer and I did that for three years. I could come back in the spring and stay all summer, take care of the place, water the lawn, fruit trees and the orchard. I had lots of pretty flowers and I sure did love to have a pretty yard. 75.Some times I would go down in the summer and stay a couple of nights and go to the temple, I could make three sessions then sometime four and all that time I was quite cripple and then there come a time when I couldn’t take care of the lot up home, I couldn’t take care of water and mow the lawn so one fall I moved down to Logan to stay and I lived there nearly fourteen years and that was fourteen happy years. No matter what the weather was I could go to the temple, I just lived across the street on the East of the temple, but I would love to live those years over again if I was younger than I am today and now I am so weak I can’t hardly get up to the dining room to eat and back. I can tell you that you don’t enjoy life like that. When you are so tired you can’t do anything, I had more fun in that fourteen years then all the other years of my life put together there were seven of us temple friends that stayed close together every time one of that group had a birthday we would have a party and go to their home and have some fun but our parties were all good ones no liquor no smoking or bad language. We were all temple worker we just had a little clean fun. We were all about the same age to, we were all widows to and I still write to them all once and a while. 76.They are sure different here in Brigham City then they were in Logan, I don’t know anyone here yet hardly. I had a quite sick spell and the boys thought I better not stay alone so they came up and moved me down here where they could take care of me without going over the mountain in the winter and they were all working and had to lay off if they come over to see me so I come down here and stayed with the youngest boy for a while then they got me an apartment to houses from their place (Leo’s) and I stayed there one year and a half and then I got sick again and the doctor put me in the hospital. I was there one week then my other son come and get me, he was the third son (Alma) and I stayed there two months and had high blood pressure and I had dizzy spells and would fall down so one night when they come home I told them I was coming down to the old folks home to stay. I was afraid to stay home alone. I had to sit on a chair all after noon because I was so dizzy. I fell once when I was in that apartment and a lot of times when I was up in Logan that was why they were afraid for me to stay alone, but when I told the folks that night what I had figured out y son told me I couldn’t go down there mother. We had to wait for about two weeks and every time we said anything about it he would say you can’t go mother I don’t want you to go down there and look at the place. Then he felt a little better about it but he comes down nearly every day to see me for nearly two years the he got sick and was operated on, he sure hasn’t missed many days since I have been in here and him and his family does all of my shopping for me and takes care of every thing for me. So I don’t leave to worry about it. I haven’t been very well since I have been here seems like every day is about the same you get up in the morning get ready, eat breakfast, then do what few things you can, maybe write a letter, crochet a little or some other thing and sit out in the hall and do some patching. I do quiet a lot of crocheting when my eyes are so I can see, but I can’t read much, we sure have a lot of waiting to do, wait for this or that. 77.Well I am still walking with the help of a walker, but the last years I have been in a rest home for old people. 78.One thing that strengthened my testimony was I learned that if we helped someone else that some one would help us in return, maybe in another way 79.Another time when I was working in the temple when I started uncle Joseph Seamons was alive then he used to have someone do our research for grandfather and grandmother Seamons (George Seamons & Fanny Royce Russell) my mother and Uncle Joseph Seamons family his wife was sick at the time so he gave me the ladies names to do and a year or to Uncle Joseph past away, but I kept on working. People used to ask me why I done so much work for other people, I always said well if I help someone else someone will help me and they sure did, one day I got a letter in the mail and this is what it said. He was my husbands cousin he said I am your cousin but you don’t know it, but if you will send me your genealogy group sheet chart the name of your father, mother and a few other names if they are the same as mine I can give you all the genealogy that is written on Nancy Wilson, she is your grandmother This was given to me by Keith Winn

Life timeline of John Alfred Nelson

1855
John Alfred Nelson was born on 20 Mar 1855
John Alfred Nelson was 14 years old when Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton founded the National Woman Suffrage Association, breaking away from the American Equal Rights Association which they had also previously founded. Susan B. Anthony was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. In 1856, she became the New York state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society.
John Alfred Nelson was 20 years old when Winston Churchill, English colonel, journalist, and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965) Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. As Prime Minister, Churchill led Britain to victory in the Second World War. Churchill represented five constituencies during his career as Member of Parliament (MP). Ideologically an economic liberal and British imperialist, he began and ended his parliamentary career as a member of the Conservative Party, which he led from 1940 to 1955, but for twenty years from 1904 he was a prominent member of the Liberal Party.
John Alfred Nelson was 28 years old when Eruption of Krakatoa: Four enormous explosions destroy the island of Krakatoa and cause years of climate change. The 1883 eruption of Krakatoa in the Dutch East Indies began in the afternoon of Sunday, 26 August 1883, and peaked in the late morning of Monday, 27 August when over 70% of the island and its surrounding archipelago were destroyed as it collapsed into a caldera. Additional seismic activity was reported to have continued until February 1884, though reports of seismic activity after October 1883 were later dismissed by Rogier Verbeek's investigation into the eruption. The 1883 eruption was one of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history. At least 36,417 deaths are attributed to the eruption and the tsunamis it created. Significant additional effects were also felt around the world in the days and weeks after the volcano's eruption.
John Alfred Nelson was 39 years old when Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā – applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa – is now used worldwide. In India, he is also called Bapu and Gandhi ji, and known as the Father of the Nation.
John Alfred Nelson died on 9 Jun 1907 at the age of 52
BillionGraves.com
Grave record for John Alfred Nelson (20 Mar 1855 - 9 Jun 1907), BillionGraves Record 5199557 Dayton, Franklin, Idaho, United States

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