Darwin Richardson Company
Albiston, Elizabeth Mellor 42 27 February 1812 18 August 1879
Albiston, John 12 7 February 1842 9 November 1915
Albiston, John 40 4 April 1814 2 April 1891
Albiston, Joseph A. 9 7 July 1844 11 May 1906
Arrivals, Immigration &c.
Elder Samuel W. Richards, from Liverpool, and Thomas S. Williams, of the firm of J. M. Horner & Co. arrived August 26th, p.m.
Elder Richards left Liverpool on the 8th of July, per steamer Niagara, and landed in Boston on the 20th of the same month. Proceeded to St. Louis by rail, via Albany, Niagara Falls, Detroit, and Chicago, where he arrived on the 25th. Left St. Louis same day on board the Polar Star for Weston, where he arrived early in the morning of the 29th of July. Left Weston and Fort Leavenworth in the afternoon of the 1st of August, in company with Thomas S. Williams, George Halladay [Halliday], and W. S. G. dbey [Godbe], for Great Salt Lake City, where he arrived on the 26th of August, in good health and fine spirits, having performed the entire journey from Liverpool to G. S. L. City in 40 days, and in less than 43 days traveling time. The distance from Fort Leavenworth was made in 252 hours, 25 minutes of traveling time.
Br. Field and company on the 14th inst., were camped about three miles above Laramie.
Elders James Brown, Job Smith, and Darwin Richardson were camped with their companies near Scott's Bluffs, on the 13th inst. Elder Olson, and the Danish Saints, with about 70 wagons, were camped near Chimney Rock on the 12th instant.
Elder Daniel Garn, with a company of about 10 wagons, was camped about 30 miles above Ash Hollow on the 11 inst.
Elder Ira Eldredge and company were camped about 15 miles below the crossing of the South Fork of the Platte, on the 10th inst.
Elders Win.Empy, Durr P. [Dorr Purdy] Curtiss, Robert Campbell, and William Taylor with the rear companies of migration were supposed to be crossing the Big Blue, about 160 miles below Fort Kearney, on the 4th inst.
The companies were generally well, and in fine spirits.
The brethren who have been called upon to furnish aid to their brethren on the route will see by the above, and by the letter published in this number from br. Pratt and others, that much assistance in men, teams, and provisions will be necessary to enable those now far back on the plains to arrive in anything like comfortable season; hence it is expected that they will duly realize their relative position and circumstances, and promptly, and efficiently respond to the call of the First Presidency, thro' the Bishops, to send back sufficient aid to roll all up in a good style and season.
Aside from the counsel and requirements of the First Presidency on this subject, and aside from brotherly kindness, and in addition to the commandment of doing unto others as we would they should do unto us, strict economy and worldly-mindedness indicate the good policy of a speedy and liberal turn out. For we are all one temporally as well as spiritually, literally as well as figuratively, or we are not what we profess to be, and shall not attain to what we desire, and are looking for. And if we are not one, the sooner we begin to act upon those principles calculated to make us one, the sooner we will be prepared for the blessings promised to the faithful.
In addition to the assistance required of you by your bishops, it will be well for those who know they have friends, or relatives on the road to cast in their help according to their ability, for which they will in no wise lose their reward, and confer the additional blessing of making the heart glad, by evincing a kindly sympathy for those who are winding their weary way over a dreary waste to the present home of the saints.
Elders Orson Pratt, Horace S. Eldredge, Frederick Kesler, and George Halladay [Halliday] arrived in good health and spirits on the afternoon of the 27th.--The two last named from a short church business trip to St. Louis; Elder Pratt from his mission to Washington and Presidency over the saints in the States east of the Rocky Mountains, and br. Eldredge from the presidency over the Branch at St. Louis.
When we got off the boat we were taken in vehicles out to the edge of St. Louis to McFee's camp ground, where all the saints were camped, preparatory to going to Utah. Father bought all the camp outfit and provisions to start on our journey but it was six weeks before we started. The families of saints father had brought were all to go to Utah in what they called the ten pound company and then settle with father later. We went in an independent company, or a company that furnished themselves. We had in our outfit to travel across the plains 2 wagons, 12 herd [head] of oxen, 1 yoke of cows and a beautiful riding mare, saddle etc. We had two teamsters. We had all kinds of provisions: bacon, hams, flour, crackers, and everything to eat one would wish. We even had a churn and used to put the milk from the cows in the churn in the morning in the wagon and by night we would have butter. We were clothed comfortable and had plenty of good bedding. I think it was about the first week in July when we started across the great plains. The captain of our company was Captain [Darwin] Richardson. There were 40 wagons, three and four families to a wagon. They had to take turns riding part way and walking part way across the plains. I will say that before we started cholera broke out and several hundred died. It still continued and many died (mostly young men) while on our journey. Our company would start first, early in the norming [morning] and we would travel until towards night, when they would find a suitable camping place, where the cattle would be corraled, by the wagons forming a circle on the outside, and the cattle within. Buffalo chip was the fuel. Campfires built, supper prepared, have prayers, sing and retire.
The heat was very oppressive and we would all get very tired, footsore and weary. We always stopped over Sunday where we would have worship and have a glorious time as we had a number of good musicians in our company, who had brought their musical instruments with them. We saw lots of deer, antelope and buffalo, a few were killed. Also saw a few mountain sheep. The indians were our deread [dread] as there were so many of them and they were all on the warpath and we had to be so careful for fear they would kill us. One day we came upon a large number in Ish [Ash] Hollow, of Sioux Indians, we were very frightened of them. They were on their way to war with another tribe. My father gave them a large barrel of crackers and all the company gave them something and we got past them in peace. I had never seen an indian before. I was frightened of the indians and of the panthers roar at night. The loneliness of the plains nearly drove me wild. Mother and the children were like me and we were wishing every day we could reach our destination that night. There were a great many deaths in our company. We just had to sew the corpse in a sheet or blanket, dig a deep hole and bury them and go on.
Oh, the trials the saints endured no tongue can tell, and no pen can write the suffering. Mother [Priscilla Merriman Lewis] was confined at Ash Hollow. Dr. Richardson waited on her. A baby boy was born to her and he was named John Samuel Lewis. She did fine. My sister Mary [Lewis] had the mountain fever and nearly died. I was well during the whole journey and so were the other children. How we did rejoice after many weeks of travel we arrived on the big mountain and could look down on the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley. We sung the songs of Zion in earnest and gave up thanks to God that he had watched over us and we were permitted to behold the land of Zion.
We came through Emmigration Canyon through the valley and on to the public square, where we camped with hundreds of others for a few weeks until we could get located. How little Salt Lake City seemed to us. The square was full of people to welcome us in. Brigham Young was there first and gave us a hearty welcome. Some were expecting their loved ones in the company and I tell you it was a grand reunion, a time of rejoicing together. I was glad our journey was ended, but I was very lonesome for awhile. We had been 3 months on the road and arrived in Salt Lake Sept. 30, 1854, just in time to attend the great October conference of the Saints, where we had a glorious time.
Camp one mile from Kansas
Prest Brigham Young
Knowing that you ever have a deep and abiding interest in the gathering of the Saints I wish to give you a brief acct. of the General Emigration this season
The Danish Company under the presidency of H[ans]. P[eter]. Olsen rolled out on the plains a few days ago, but in consequence of heavy rains & being heavy laden, they are remaining at Big Blue a few miles out on the Prairie unable to proceed further. The President of the company has returned with a note from Elder Orson Pratt stating that I must supply them with what oxen the[y] wan t I take security upon their teams for the [-], which has been done.
A company of fifty wagons under the Presidency of Elder Job Smith started out—last—Saturday
Dr. Darwin Richardson will start with thrity two wagons early in the morning W[illiam] F[urlsbury] Carter will start one day behind him with a company of about 32 wagons I may possibly add to these companies before they start The latter two companies are P[erpetual] E[emigrating] Fund.
The companies have been detained three weeks longer than necessary for the want of wagons—
In consequence of the immense emigration to California & Salt Lake every thing is very high this season.
Oxen range from 75 to $110.00 from [for] yoke and cows from 25 to $40.00 per head. The price of wagons in St. Louis is $67.00 and the freightage to Kansas ranges from 6 to $12.00 per wagon. The cause of this variation is the various stages of the river.
On acct of the high prices of cattle &c this season the Independents have been proportionally made to depend upon the P E Fund for means to complet their outfits the [- -] the third having far overshot their expectations. Many of them have expressed that they would much rather have come out by the fund as it would have relieved them of much anxiety of mind
By communication from Elder Orson Pratt for Elder Daniel Cairns we are informed that a council was held in St. Louis to examine the state of the Emigration generally, in which it was decided that more should receive their outfit at St. Louis after the 25th inst on acct. of the late arrival of the companies and some having not yet arrived.
There has been considerable mortality among the Saints this season about 200 have died belonging to the aforesaid companies Elder William Taylor has arrived at Kansas with part of another company the [-] of which are coming up the river.—
Elder Daniel Cairns who is here assisting me will take the latter over the plains as soon as we can get them organized—
In great rush I subscribe myself your [-] William Empey per Charles Evans
The Shrewsbury Branch was noted for young men and young Women Zealous in the good work of God, it soon became a Conference with Joseph W Young from Salt Lake Presiding – I laboured for near 6 years faithfully in this conference & was its secretary when I left in 1854 – having saved means by the help of God I was enabled to emigrate in March 1854[.] (David James preceeded me in 1853) 3 months before I left I married one of the sisters by the name of Elizabeth Howells, a faithful sister in the church – We set Sail on the 12th of March 1854 and landed at new orleans on 3rd of May 1854 – We had severe storms in the Irish Channel tossed about for 8 days – We sailed on a Ship (American) called the John M Wood – 300 passingers I think – from new orleans to saint Louis on Steam Boat we had cholera many saints died – was qua[ra]nteened there for some days started again up Missouri river some 400 miles, had cholera again, many saints died, and also at Kansas our fitting out place – in Crossing the plains we lost 33 more. my Wife being one[.] she died at Sweet Water of untimely childbirth. I suffered much with bleeding feet on the journey – arrived Salt Lake Sept 30th 1854 nearly worn out
IMMIGRATION. – On the 29th November, Captain James Brown and company with 42 wagons, on the 30th, Dr. Darwin Richardson and company with 40 wagons, and on the 1st of October, Elder Daniel Garn and company with 38 wagons, arrived in this city in good condition and camped on Union Square.
The Church Train is now coming in.
Elder Robert Campbell, in the rear companies, writes to Govenor Young from Fort Kearney, Aug. 21, that their cattle are fat, the feed and roads good, and that Bro. [William] Emp[e]y and the rear company were only a few days behind them. They were making good headway, and will doubtless be able to escape the inclement weather, as all are probably this side of the South Pass, and perhaps this side of Green river.
Immigration, Oct. 3.
On the 29th ult. Captain James Brown and company with 42 wagons, on the 30th Dr. Darwin Richardson and company with 40 wagons, and on the 1st inst. Elder Daniel Garn and company with 38 wagons, arrived in this city, in good condition, and are camped on Union Square.
The Church Train is now coming in.
Elder Robert Campbell, in the rear companies, writes to Governor Young from Fort Kearney, August 21, that their cattle are fat, the feed and roads good, and that bro: Empy [Empey] and the rear company were only a few days behind them. They were making good headway, and will doubtless be able to escape inclement weather, as all are probably now this side of the South Pass, and perhaps this side of Green River
Our trip across the plains to Salt Lake Valley was also marked by very hard times. Many died of cholera. Some children were left fatherless and motherless and were dependent on the care of strangers. I was sick most of the way, owing no doubt to the severity of the journey. We put our trust in our Heavenly Father, and finally arrived in the valley of Salt Lake in the latter part of September, 1854.
We arrived at Atchens [Atchison], Kansas and soon arrangements were made for crossing the plains. Cattle, wagons, tents and etc. were bought and the company was organized. William Phelphs President and Dr. Dervin [Darwin] Richardson captain. Companies of 15 to a wagon and tent. We were delayed in Camp about 5 weeks in making arrangements. braking in cattle and etc. as many of the cattle were wild stears and some cows. Our provisions and tents had to be loaded into the wagons, so there was little chance to ride, only in case of sickness. Many women in crossing small streams of water would carry their children on their backs. We would travel from 15 to 20 miles a day or until a suitable place was found to camp. The camps would be formed by placing one wagon behind the other and a correl [corral] would be formed to hold the cattle and tents on the outside and cattle would be taken to feed and guard placed over them and change made at midnight and cattle brought in in the morning. As soon as camp was formed the sisters would go to cooking supper. When supper was over the bugle would sound for prayers which were attended to in each tent. Soon after this another call was made to turn in and lights and fires out. Call would be made in the morning for prayers and for cattle to be brought in and yoked up ready to start out again.
We often found Indians whom we found friendly, especially if we had something to give them. We often met large herds of Buffaloes and other wild animals. The buffaloes would be in large herds and sometimes we had to stop until they got out of the way in passing from the river to the bluffs to their range. Our hunters would try to shoot one but with poor success without it was one too old to follow the herd.
My friend, Horace Howlett, and I, had a happy time together, we often would seek some lonely spot and offer up our prayer and thanksgiving to our Heavenly Father for His goodness to us in opening up the way for us to gather with the saints. But my brother would rejoice in spirit as his body was very weak. He was very sick with mountain fever and by the time we got to the Little Sandy he died. He was burried at the Sweet Water. We all went to bed tired and sleepy. He lay by my side and in the morning I raised up and laid my hand on his to wake him and found him dead. There was one other brother died the same night and was burried at the same time and place.
We traveled on from day to day and finally arrived in Salt Lake September 30th 1854. We were met by many of the brothers and sisters who brought us many things to eat and administer to our comfort, so it made us feel that we had indeed landed in Zion among the people of God.
Latest News from our Immigration
The Bros. Shepherd and Obray arrived on the 26th inst. express from the church train on the 21st, from whom we learn that the Danish company were on Black's Fork on the 21st; Elder Daniel Garn and company seven miles this side of Fort Bridger on the 22nd.
Dr. Richardson and company were west of the summit of Bear River Mountain on the 23rd, and Captain James Brown and company were passed in small parties from Cache Cave to Weber River on the 23rd and 25th. Many in Dr. Richardson's company were sick with the scurvy, and 30 had died; otherwise the companies were well, and getting along finely.
Bro. Obray was one who went back with a bro. Williams Scott, after the cattle which had stampeded near the crossing of the South Fork of Platte, and he states that they found 50 head of those cattle at Fort Kearney, in the possession of a trader named J. W. Woodard, and some of them yoked to his wagons; that Woodard would not give them up without being paid five dollars a head, and, as they had no money, he agreed to wait at Kearney four or five days until they could go 65 miles further back, and see Elder A. F. Farr on the Little Blue, but left the same day, taking all the cattle with him, and going down the Platte directly out of the line of our rear immigration.
T. S. Williams of the firm of J. M. Horner and Co. informs us that this Woodard is partner in the firm of Marshal, Woodard and Co. who have a store, and keep the post office at Unionville, on the Big Blue; if so, there may yet be a chance of getting those cattle, which will reduce the stampede loss to about 20 head; and we may be able to learn the reason of the strange (to say the least) conduct of Mr. Woodard towards women and children on the dreary plains, far from their destination and with weak teams at a late season of the year.
Bro. Obray brings no news from J. M. Horner's train, in charge of A. F. Farr, later than the 13th of August, when they were 65 miles beyond Fort Kearney; and knows nothing about any of our companies back of the church train.
In addition to the news of the fight between U. S. troops and the Sioux, contained in the letter from Elder Benson to the Presidency, and published in connection, we learn from bro. Obray that a lame cow strayed from the loose herd of the Danish company into a Sioux camp, where they were merry making, and they killed and eat her. Upon requisition of Lieutenant Gratten, the chief proffered to pay for the cow, but the person who killed her was demanded, and being sent for by the chief, said he did not want to be given up, but would relinquish his and his family's share of the annuity money, then due, in payment for the cow; which being refused, firing began on the part of the troops. The Sioux have not interfered with the emigration and have shown no disposition to do so, and there were no Mormons at the fight.
Pacific Creek, 20th Sept. 1854
President Brigham Young and Council:
Dear Brethren,--Our circumstances and situation are as good as could be expected, considering what this camp has had to encounter. We have travelled with our heavy loads and weak teams beyond all human calculation.
There has been trouble between the soldiers and the Sioux at Laramie, 31 soldiers being killed. I was on the ground the third day after it was done. The whole country is quite in an excitement, the traders fleeing in all directions, and expecting a general war.
All this happened through an unwise move of lieutenant Gratten and the interpreter. The chief offered to settle the question on fair terms, but the officer would not, and commenced firing on the Indians. The cannon was elevated too high, and only clipped the tops of the lodge poles; the old chief and his brother were wounded, and have since died. Before the troops had time to reload, they were all shot down.
On the 18th we met Captain Blackburn, Casper Young and their parties to help up the trains. We were glad to see them all well. Brother H. S. Eldridge and the brethren who came with him, with the mule teams, start for the Valley this morning; the rest of us will come as soon as possible.
E. T. BENSON.
We left that camp about the last of June with about fifty wagons and ten persons in a wagon, although there was eleven persons in our wagon. Doctor Darwin Richardson was our Captain, a very good man, he was returning to his home in the 14 th ward from a m[i]ssion. We started with two yoke of oxen and one yoke of cows. One of the yoke of oxen was Texas cattle, and very wild, with two long sharp horns. When we first yoked them up, one of them knocked a hole in my upper lip and we had a great time with them until they were thoroughly broke, and then they were not worth much. We had a tent to each wagon, where the most of us slept at night.
Our passengers was seven women, and four men, the women all wanted to ride at once. The Captain gave me charge of the wagon and to stop all disputed with the women about riding, I used to allow two of them to ride twenty minutes at a time and we had a watch to keep time. Mrs. Hughes used to wash my clothes and cook for us, so she rode a little more. William Hughes, John Tripp and myself took turns driving; the other man was too old to do anything. On the whole, we got along very well. As we come near Fort Kearney, we began to see signs of buffalo that we had heard so much about. About four miles West of the Fort we seen about ten that the men at the Fort had killed a few days before. They were strange looking animals to me as they lay there swelled up in the hot sun, but I soon after became familiar with such sights as we were now getting into the buffalo country, and as we come into the Platte Valley the buffalo trails were paths about three feet wide, and sometimes eighteen inches deep. These paths would lead to and from the river. Sometimes we have seen several herds of buffalo at the same time and some of them would seem to extend for miles in length and breadth and the plains would appear black with them. Sometimes they would come and run right through our train. One day Tripp and I come very near catching a young calf. Some of our men shot a number of them, but I did not like the meat so well as our beef.
The Pawnee Indians bothered us some, they would come and demand presents from us for traveling through their country. After we left them we come into the country of the Cheyenne Indians. I have a vivid recollection of how they looked on their horses and dressed for mischief. We camped one day at noon in a good place and the Captain said he would stay there for the day and wash. The cattle was turned out with no one to watch them. We had been camped an hour or more and the Captain noticed that the cattle were straying off into the low foot hills, and wished me to run and turn them back as he was afraid that the Indians were watching to run them off and that he would send some more to help me. So I ran off alone with nothing but a small whip in my hand. I found that the cattle, some of them had got over among the low hills, and when I looked back to the camp which was a mile off, I could just see two or three men starting out to help me, so I went on among the hills. They could not see me now from the camp nor I could not see the camp. After running among the hills for some time I found about twelve of them in a bunch together, and as I ran around to turn them back there were six Cheyenne Indians on their horses looking at me and talking to each other. I seemed to know in a moment what they were after, that was that they intended to run them cattle off and if necessary to shoot me. I think that my hair must have stood on end. When I saw them I felt very much frightened but I thought I would not let them see it. So I put on as bold a front as I could and commenced hollering to the cattle and turned them back, and in coming back we passed right close to the Indians who had come down so that I would have to pass close to them. As I passed I looked at them and said, "How, how", they grunted out something but I did not know what it meant, and I was very thankful when I got out of the hills with the cattle all safe. When I got back to the camp the Captain said that I had a very narrow escape, and that he should not have sent me alone. But there were none of us that throught [thought] that the cattle had strayed so far. We found buffalo all the way up the Platte valley for over three hundred miles. There were some days we would estimate that we had seen over ten thousand buffalo. Some days we would not see any.
Our cattle could sometimes show signes of being frightened, which if not checked would have caused us a great deal of damage, as when they got that way they would run sometimes in all directions when they are hitched up to the wagons although ours did not. It was the rule in our camp to have a night guard to guard the cattle by night and all the men had to take their turns in this labor. There were six at a time and we were relieved after four hours. One night I was out guarding and it was raining and very dark, all at once the cattle stampeded[.] I thought they were coming towards me so I ran on one side and they rushed past where I stood, but they ran over one man and hurt him bad and it was late the next day before we found them all. Some of them were found twelve miles off, so we did not move that day.
When we came near Chimney rock we could see it for three days before we came opposite it. We camped as I thought about two miles from it, so I thought that I would get up early and go and see it before breakfast, so I started early the next morning, as soon as it was light. I walked and ran and I must have been about four hours before I got there and I found it so different from what I expected that I was angry with myself for coming so far to see nothing but a pile of gravel in layers, one above another, about sixty feet high. It was a lonely quiet place, I did not stop long, but started back to find the camp, and it took me until noon before I caught up with it and I was almost dead with thirst.
When about six miles east from Fort Laramie, we came to a very large camp of Sioux Indians. Some of our people said there were two thousand of them. They were camped in a fine meadow, some of them were horse racing and as our train passed along the road they stood on both sides of us. They were a fine looking lot of people, great tall fellows and clean looking squaws, but they did not molest us so we passed on and staid at the Fort a little time, when we went on and camped about six or eight miles West of the fort and crossed the North Platte and camped near the river. Soon after we camped a man rode up and said the Indians had killed two soldiers that had been sent to their camp on some business and that they intended to attack us. There was a large Danish company just behind us and we were afraid they would attack them before they caught up to us but we soon seen the Danes coming and we were very glad. The poor fellows were in a great hurry as they understood the Indians were coming. So we made a large corral with the two companies. That is we made a circle with our wagons and chained them together, so that our cattle could be safe on the inside. We got all the old guns and cleaned them and sharpened our knives expecting the Indians any minute, but they did not come. During the night we had several parties come and beg to be allowed to stay with us. I remember a small party with two wagons with horse teams who were going to Oregon. They came after night and I heard them say, "For God's sake Mr. Richardson give us shelter for the Indians are after us". We also had a mountaineer that stayed with us and traveled over a week, but we were not molested nor did not see any more of the Indians. But the Indians did attack Fort Laramie and killed a number of the soldiers. Soon after this we got into the Sweet-water country and our cattle began to fail and die. When we came to the Devils Gate, I with two or three others thought that we would travel down through the gorge. We had a rough time but we were paid for it by what we saw. The mountain appeared to have been split open. It is composed of red granite and a stream of water run through it about it, about the size of City creek in the Spring. With large rough boulders laying in the bottom and one side of the gorge looked as if it had been broken from the other. We got through all right and met the teams who had gone around by the road. Before we got to the City our food become scarce and we were met by some teams with flour from the valley which was a great help to us. We arrived in Salt Lake City on the thirteenth day of September and camped on Union Square, where the University building now stands.
I refer Particularly in crossing the plains[.] We was in a company w[h]ere Dr. Darwin Richardson was Captain. if all could have been managed according to his desires. I wish not complain, But aplaud him as Captain of our company while crossing the plains. But this was not the case, for which I felt sorry very heart felt to Bleed, many times in crossing the plains. Because of mean saints, this is and will be long remembered by him who now writes. for I ever feel to sustain good men especially under the above circumstances. while on this Journey on plains my wife gave Birth to a son of 7 months & 2 weeks, an untimely Birth, owing a great deal to distressed circumstances, & there seemed to be no fiew hearts of pity in & immediately around me. in 12 days the childs Mother held a Dead child in her Lap, not knowing it was dead. in 8 days after the Mother died being the 7 Day of Sept. Thursday, 1854[.] the child was born Augt 17 & Died on the 29, 1854. the Mother was Buried on a left hand cut of road, (travelling West) just the East side of the South Pass so called, on the upper side of the road at the Enterance of the Road about 270 miles or so from Salt L City. w[h]ere the child was Buried I cannot recollect. only West of Fort Larimie [Laramie]. some were Between there & indepenance [Independence] Rock. I was my much troubled with sore feet on this Journey, which made the matter more Difficult.
We emigrated under the arangments of the 13 companys arangment so called, & finally crossing the plains it was ok one thing, church trains or Emigrating Compy. I arived in Great Salt Lake city Sept 30 – 1854
We emigrated through the Perpetual Emigration Fund from Merthyr Tydfil, South Wales. We arrived at Salt Lake City, September 30, 1854, and camped with the wagon train in Emigration Square. I went with my mother to Bishop Hunter's Office to get food supplies. He was very kind and furnished the necessary provisions. President Young was very thoughtful in providing for the emigrants. Even apple pies, chicken stew and other dainties were furnished by the good saints of Great Salt Lake City. Several wagons loaded with new potatoes and other provisions had been sent out from the valley to meet our train, as it came along by the Sweetwater of Devil's Gate. We had fresh buffalo meat and fish caught in the Platte but it was a rare treat to get the potatoes. There were about a hundred wagons in the train.