James Bean

3 Mar 1804 - 29 Jun 1882

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James Bean

3 Mar 1804 - 29 Jun 1882
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James Bean Biography Part 1 JAMES BEAN (4) (son of William Bean (3) and Anna Buckalew) was born 3 March 1804, Elkton (then Christian and now Todd County), Kentucky. When he was four his parents moved to Missouri, and when he was five, his father died of an unidentified illness. Shortly afterward his

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James Bean

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Died:

Provo City Cemetery

610 S State St
Provo, Utah, Utah
United States

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Wife - Husband - Wife

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Early Pioneer
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trishkovach

June 25, 2011
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jbbj24

April 7, 2020
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Roseb

April 11, 2020
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BillionGravesTPU

June 24, 2011

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James Bean Biography

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

James Bean Biography Part 1 JAMES BEAN (4) (son of William Bean (3) and Anna Buckalew) was born 3 March 1804, Elkton (then Christian and now Todd County), Kentucky. When he was four his parents moved to Missouri, and when he was five, his father died of an unidentified illness. Shortly afterward his mother remarried and he was raised by his stepfather. As already mentioned, his brother, Garrett (4) described their growing up on the frontier. James met and fell in love with Elizabeth Lewis, who was born in Lincoln County, Missouri, 22 September 1804. His temporary embarrassments didn't cool his love for Elizabeth and he married her 27 July 1824, in Lincoln County. (1) As the Bean-Lewis marriage was among the first recorded in Lincoln County, Missouri, it is interesting to read the following: "The first marriage record for Lincoln County is a quarter of a century after the first settler erected his cabin. During this period, as a matter of course, a number of the children of the early settlers had intermarried, but no public records of their nuptials have been preserved. A pioneer wedding in this 'western wild' could not compare in point of elegance and style with one of these days, for there were lacking the paraphenalia of display, the pomp and circumstance of the present day. No artistic cards of invitation were then sent out, but a general invitation was given orally to the few scattered pioneers, who would go many miles to attend such an occasion. In those days but few fine clothes were worn, especially by the young people who were reared, or partially reared, west of the Mississippi. After the "best suits" brought here by the pioneers were worn out, all had to content themselves with homespun clothing. A 'Sunday suit' was nothing more than a new "every day suit. "The bride was neatly attired in a plain homespun dress, all her apparel corresponding and was admired for her beauty, not for that of her dress. The bridegroom was also attired in homespun goods and the marriage was as fortuate and felicitous, and the wedding as joyous, as any at the present day. "The wedding feast was always worthy of the name. The champagne and clarot were good old Kentucky and Missouri whisky, clear and pure as mountain dew. There were venison steaks and roasts, turkey, grouse, nectar-like maple-syrup and other edibles. "In those days there were not so many amusements as now exist, and a wedding was quite a rare thing. The guests being isolated and somewhat lonely would eagerly assemble and participate in the festivities of the day, which often consisted of athletic sports, and a dance on the puncheon floor, after the wedding-feast was over." (2) A brief sketch on "house raising" by newly weds contributes to our understanding of life on the frontier and applies equally well to all of our relatives who lived at this time. "The pioneer's cabin was always made of logs, sometimes hewed on two sides, and sometimes not hewed at all. (Fig. 27) When hewed, the logs were put up with the flat surfaces on the inside and outside of the building. The cracks were filled with "chinking," and this was daubed over with mud. The form of the cabin was always an oblong square, with a huge fire-place in one end. The fire-place was set back in a crib composed of logs, with the face even with the inner wall. This crib was heavily lined with stone and mortar, built up on a hearth made of flat stones. On top of the stone and mortar lining was made a stick and mud chimney, the latter always being entirely on the outside of the building, and extending a little above the comb of the roof. The cabin was only one story in height, and covered with clap-boards resting on poles running the long way of the building, and weighted down with other poles. One or two small openings were cut out for window, in which greased paper, when is could be had, was often substituted for glass. The floor was made of puncheons, prepared wholly with an ax, and laid down on "sleepers." The door was made of light puncheons or heavy clap-boards fastened together with pins and hung on wooden hinges. All the tools required in building it were the ax, broad ax-frow and auger. Many such a cabin was built without the use of a nail. "Those adventurous pioneers who settled miles in advance of any settlement had to construct their cabins alone, with the assistance of their families, unless men advanced from the settlement to help them, but those who settled where a few had gone before were more fortunate. The early settlers were so anxious to have others join them that they would go sometimes twenty miles to help a new comer build his cabin. All the pioneer had to do was to drive to the place selected for his home, unhitch his team, go into camp, as he had often done on his journey, then saddle a horse and ride around to his nearest neighbors, and send them for further ones, notifying them of his arrival and when and where to meet to erect his cabin. All who possibly could would be on hand at the 'house raising;' the trees would be felled, the logs and poles prepared, the clap-boards riven (split), and the building erected, ready for occupancy in a single day. The putting in of the puncheon floor, the making and hanging of the door, the chinking and daubing of the cracks, was usually left for the new comer to do at his leisure; and not unfrequently this finishing of the house was postponed until a truck patch was cleared and planted, and sometimes not until cold weather made it a necessity, the pioneer, meanwhile, occupying all his time in extending his "clearing". If a man wanted two rooms erected, he was considered aristocratic, and could not get that spontaneous assistance." (3) Two children brightened the cabin of James and Elizabeth Lewis Bean in Missouri; William, born 29 July 1825 in Lincoln County and Nancy born, 14 December 1826 in West Troy, Lincoln County. About two years after their marriage, likely following Nancy's birth, the James Bean family moved onto land near Quincy, Adams County, Illinois. Quincy was a settlement that consisted of a collection of log cabins near the Mississippi River. It was located in the Ursa-Mendon township known as the Keys farm.(Fig. 28) Their tract of land (according to George W. Bean, son of James) "was a right smart passel of land, twelve miles north of Quincy, in Adams County, and about two miles from Mendon, which contained a woodland, nut grove, meadow and hay land, farmland and truck gardens. Some of our neighbors were builders, and they soon aided father in building tenant houses and barns, using timber from their own woodland. Service was paid for in products, grains, sheep and cattle." (4) Those accompanying them on this move or arriving soon after were James' mother and stepfather, his brothers and sisters and his half brothers and sisters as well as his brother in law, David Crow. "Illinois country was flat and much of it treeless prairies. It astonished the white men who came as explorers and returned as settlers some three centuries ago. They had seen nothing like this beautiful and fertile land in Europe or on their way through the forests of eastern Canada. No better soil can be found, either for corn, for vines, or for any other fruit whatever, said Louis Jolliet. To him the region appeared "to be the most beautiful and most easily settled." Here a man could provide his own food and clothing, and ground could be plowed the day of arrival, without laboring ten years to cut down and burn trees. "No where else could they look to the far horizon without seeing either tree or shrub, and an impulse to assume that the land was sterile obviously was erroneous. Only a fertile soil could produce the blue-stem prairie grass, tall and coarse bearded, often as high as a mounted horseman, that rippled a golden yellow in the late summer breeze. Massed on the prairie, giving a patchwork effect, were tall flowers of many colors, a vivid garden springing from a sod so matted and tough that for decades it protected much of the rich loam from the bite of the wood-and-iron plow. "In the early stages of the prairie grass it is interspersed with little flowers, the violet, the strawberry blossom, and others of the most delicate structure. When the grass grows higher these disappear, and taller flowers displaying more lively colors take their place; and still later a series of still higher but less delicately formed flowers appear on the surface. While the grass is green these beautiful plains are adorned with every imaginable variety of color. It is impossible to conceive of a great diversity...In the summer the plants form taller, and the colors more lively; in the autumn another generation of flowers arises which possesses less clearness and variety of color and less fragrance. "Strips of forest bisected the grassland and formed multiple prairies. Dense stands of trees, mostly hardwoods, grew along the watercourses, projected finger like into the open spaces, and at times encircle a sizable area. "The timber, which originally covered about 42 percent of Illinois, was more extensive in the south. There prairies were small enough to have individual names, such as "Looking Glass" or "John Woods". "The wild game of Illinois was more that adequate to feed the Indian tribes, and their food supply was supplemented by fish from the rivers and northeastern lakes. The last herds of buffalo would not be exterminated until 1800, but deer, elk, and bears would be plentiful for years thereafter. The country also had foxes, raccoons, opossums, squirrels, and rabbits as game animals. Wild turkeys lived in the hills, and prairie chickens and quail were common. Flocks of wild pigeons obscured the sun, and masses of geese, ducks, herons, cranes, swans, and other birds congregated where there was water. "Life was not entirely a paradise. Some of the mosquito swarms carried malaria. The housefly did not exist in the wilderness, but hordes of stock flies swarmed from the woods and attacked animals until they bled. Because of them it was often impossible to work in the heat of the day. Gnats and other insects pestered man and tormented animals. "The changeable weather, difficult to predict and at times violent, was an asset unappreciated in some seasons. The humid summers could be insufferably hot....only a virile race could survive the winter's extreme cold and strong winds, with heavy snows followed by soaking rains." (5) In this beautiful and challenging area where the Beans settled five of their seven children were born between 1828-1839: (Fig. 29) namely, Sarah Ann, born 31 October 1828; George Washington, born 1 April 1831; James Addison, born 11 March 1834; Mary Elizabeth, born 17 April 1837 and Cornelia, born 17 June 1839. The children called their parents "Ma" and "Pa" and were raised with a great deal of love. They grew up learning to cope with living on a rough frontier. We are indebted to their son, George Washington Bean (5), for recording many details of their family life. He wrote that "we all learned to ride and drive horses, yes, and to shoot a gun for self protection if Negroes and their masters, Indians or undesirables might appear unannounced." He added that "our intelligent mother kept bad words washed from our tongues" and she "ended children's quarrels by finding jobs far apart. 'A soft answer turneth away wrath', she would say." He also said of his parents: "They were moral, circumspect and strictly religious people." (6) George endured the jibes of being "Pa's shadow" to glean information about the business of farming and cattle raising from his father as he directed his hired men. Industry and hard work paid off and in time James was a prosperous farmer who had several homes and cabins and hired help to care for them. George and his brother spent their early life keeping the buckets filled with fresh water from the spring for "Ma"; seeing that cows and horses had hay in the mangers, and keeping cedar wood in the kitchen box and pine logs by the fireplace for "Pa". They had their riding ponies and Sunday buggy. Their home life "was wholesome and had many conveniences because James was a builder and cabinet maker and leader in the community." They had many indoor and outdoor entertainments, including the game of "checkers". Both parents were religious, James being a Methodist and Elizabeth a Presbyterian. The religious training of the children came from exposure in both of those denominations, and they were familiar with both of the ministers. They also were exposed to "settlers of the old Puritan type from New England States who had the real original abolitionist spirit" and who ran the underground railroad. George W. records that "more than once in my boyhood days I obtained a glimpse of runaway negroes, peeping out from Deacon Stillman's barn, or neighbor Fowler's cellar....Sometimes the owners of the runaway slaves would be in pursuit...." Events taking place in nearby Missouri would soon radically change the lives of the Bean family. A religious group, the "Mormons", had designated that area as "Zion" and were settling there in large numbers. Tensions between the Missourians and the old settlers soon became so intense that in 1839, Missouri Governor Lilburn W. Boggs gave an order for the removal or extermination of the Mormons. Adams County, Illinois, was soon full of thousands of refugees, and "every sheltered nook and corner was filled with those homeless exiles," George W. Bean recalled. The fruits of prosperity brought to the James Bean family in the form of land improvements and the addition of several houses and cabins proved providential for those fleeing from Missouri. Some of these people remained so close to the Bean family that years later George could still recall their names: Jonathan L. Harvey and family, Mathew Way and family, and Alexander Williams, who lived with James' half brother, Esaias Edwards. George W. Gee (whose wife was a sister of Elias Smith and a cousin of the Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith) was another life long friend. (Fig. 30) Gee became a teacher for the Adams County School District and James Bean was a school trustee. Young George later recalled "I can recollect the shock it fairly gave us when it leaked out that Gee's wife was a cousin of `Jo Smith'. What a risk of contamination we were in!" Another teacher at the school was George Clyman, described by young Bean as a half-breed who managed to stay sober during the week in order to teach. One of his pupils was Alexander Williams, the refugee who stayed with Esaias Edwards. Williams was described as "illiterate as to book knowledge," "having been brought up among the darkies of Tennessee," but "kind to all and, being possessed of a great deal of personal magnetism as well as the spirit of the true gospel. He gently exercised the latter spirit in his associations with us, until we became his fast friends and we invited him to our house." According to G. W. Bean, his mother, Elizabeth Bean, was a "good talker and quite a scripturian, and soon became very much surprised at the clearness of Williams views and explanations of the scriptures." James Bean arranged for Williams to preach at the school house, and on 9 May 1841, Williams baptized James and Elizabeth Bean, daughter Nancy, and half-brother Esaias Edwards and wife, as well as several others, "notwithstanding the determined opposition of the sectarian priests, two of whom challenged Elder Williams to a debate, thinking no doubt to demolish him with large words and learned sayings, knowing that Elder Williams was uneducated." (G.W. Bean) "The debate took place at the Bean home, the whole neighborhood was present. It resulted in a victory for truth, and on July 12, 1841, sister, Sarah Ann and myself (George W.) were baptized .." (7) Anna (Buckalew Bean) Edwards joined the church about this same time also. While in Adams County the oldest son, William, took sick with brain fever and died 17 February 1842 at the tender age of 17, bringing grief to the family. As the fall approached on the 4 September, Nancy, at age 16, was persuaded (according to George W.) to marry Thomas J. Williams, a schoolteacher, who had been boarding with the Beans. He seemed to resent her baptism to the Church in 1841 and even scoffed at her religious fervor. He refused to go to Nauvoo with the saints. (8) See, Nancy, under Children of James & Elizabeth for further details of the challenge she faced and how she met it with great courage and determination. Her parents must surely have agonized with her over the difficulties brought on by this unfortunate union. They must also have been very proud of her for her great desire to do right. On the 12 October 1842, James Bean was given a Priests Licence in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day-Saints. (9) James Bean, though an ardent Whig in his political persuasions, soon found things other than politics to occupy his time. The spirit of Mormonism's gathering was preached, and his half-brother, Esaias, sold out and moved to Nauvoo, as did many other Adams County converts. James and Elizabeth were anxious to sell, but because their property was so valuable, it took some time to find a purchaser who could afford it. Finally successful, they sold out and purchased land at Golden's Point, five miles below Nauvoo. Bean worked on his farm there, built a log cabin, and put in volunteer time on the Nauvoo Temple. The family also "met the prophet, Joseph Smith, and learned to love him and the leading authorities of the Church as they attended the conferences and celebrations on public days. "The children had an opportunity to go to school during the winters and were counted on by our teachers as being very apt to learn in the ordinary English branches being taught. Here, at the age of twelve years, I (George) again took pleasure in spelling down the whole school, except my own brother and sisters." (10) Eventually the family rented a place in Nauvoo from Chandler Holbrook on Mulholland Street, one mile east of the Temple, and left their livestock on the farm at Golden Point. Two blocks south of the Temple on two plots in the Kimball Addition, purchased in May 1845 (Fig. 31) James and sons began to build a brick home. They also worked another farm of eighty acres by ploughing and raising twenty acres of sod corn. This land was located northeast of the city on the old La Harpe Road and adjoined land owned and worked by the Taylors. John and Lenore Taylor were the previous owners and sold this land to James for $1340 in 1845. Twenty acres of this land was woodland. On this acreage they also built another small home. From a letter written by Irene Hascall to relatives in the east on 2 June 1845, we catch a glimpse of Nauvoo as the Beans must have known it. "I am in the great and beautiful city of Nauvoo, had thought it would be like a poordunk, I cannot describe the beauty on paper! "As far as I can see are buildings, not in blocks like other cities, but all a short distance apart; the ground between them is cultivated and looks like a perfect garden. We are one-fourth mile from the river and can see the boats as they pass. Eggs are 4 cents a dozen, 13 eggs to the dozen. I have been to see the temple, it is a splendid building. The top stone was raised with praises and hosannas. The roof is partly on. Half has been built since Joseph Smith was killed. More than 300 are working on the temple the rest help by paying their tithings. Elder Lorin Farr is one of our closest neighbors. They are building a high wall enclosing seven or eight acres; within the wall will be all kinds of flowers and trees. They are building an arsenal, too." Her next letter: "The temple grows very fast, the steeple is some distance from the roof. Our meeting place is a grove opposite the temple grounds. We are making straw hats, they sell for a dollar each. We think there will be a market for straw hats in St. Louis next season. I braided a number of four-double brim for a shoemaker and he made me a pair of beautiful kid shoes," (Fig. 32) The following letter written on Independence day captures the emotional climate of the city: "Persecutions have been raging against the Mormons in neighboring villages. Their homes and their barns filled with grain have been burned. 120 teams have been sent from here to Lima to rescue people and bring them to Nauvoo. Emiline is teaching school and has 30 or 40 scholars at a dollar and a half a week." (11) While James Bean was busy building farms and homes, troubles similar to those in Missouri began to increase in Illinois between the Mormons and their neighbors. They were fueled by rumors of polygamy, Mormon political manipulation of elections, and the independence of the Mormon city. This was all brought to a head when Joseph Smith ordered the suppression of an anti-Mormon newspaper, "The Nauvoo Expositer," in June 1844. The paper, primarily an expose of secret Mormon polygamy, caused a sensation. The destruction of the press led to the arrest and murders of Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum, in Carthage Jail on 27 June 1844. Following the murders, tensions continued to increase. Rumors of counterfeiting, adultery, and polygamy spread. Fourteen year old George W. Bean performed guard duty at nights in Nauvoo during the winter of 1845-46 because of their fear of attack. He was also one of 120 men mustered by Captain Stephen A. Markham as a posse who rode night and day for five days with arms and full equipment to protect the property and lives of the members in surrounding areas. They were successful in scattering the mobs at that time. On the 15 April 1844, James Bean performed baptisms in the Nauvoo Temple for some of his deceased relatives, a practice unique to Mormonism, and very helpful genealogically. He was also made a member of the 30th Quorum of Seventies and "contributed pretty liberally" to the completion of the Temple. (G.W. Bean) He was active in the Masonic Order. Undoubtedly this family was in attendance at the "special meeting held Thursday, August 8, 1844 in Nauvoo in which Sidney Rigdon, from a position in a wagon in front of the stand in the grove, addressed the vast assembly for about one hour and a half, presenting himself to them as a "guardian" for the church, to build up the Church unto Joseph Smith. The longer he talked, the more the people were convinced that he was without the inspiration of the Lord, and they left the meeting feeling that his was not the voice of the true shepherd. At the close of that morning meeting, Brigham Young, President of the Quorum of the Twelve, made a few remarks and announced that there would be another meeting at 2 o'clock. At the appointed time a great multitude of Saints assembled. The various quorums of the Priesthood were arranged in order before the stand, and after the opening exercises President Young addressed the congregation. He spoke with great power and the people were convinced that the authority and power of presidency was with the apostles. When he first arose to speak the people were greatly astonished, for President Young stood transfigured before them and they beheld the Prophet Joseph Smith and heard his voice as naturally as ever they did when he was living. It was a manifestation to the Saints that they might recognize the correct authority." (12) On the 29 August 1844, Sarah Ann Bean, was married to William Wallace Casper in Nauvoo. After their marriage they bought a farm five miles out from Nauvoo near Bear Creek Ranch and also built a house on Mulholland Street in Nauvoo. William had joined the Church 7 June 1834 at age 13 when his parents were baptized. It was customary after the appointment of a patriarch in the Church for worthy members upon request to receive Patriarchal Blessings. On the 4 January 1845, James and Elizabeth (Lewis) Bean requested and were given their patriarchal blessings by Patriarch John Smith. President Thomas S. Monson has said that: "a patriarchal blessing literally contains chapters from your book of eternal possibilities. I say eternal, for just as life is eternal so is a patriarchal blessing. What may not come to fulfillment in this life may occur in the next. We do not govern God's timetable. For `my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways,' saith the Lord. `For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.'" JAMES BEAN - PATRIARCHAL BLESSING: given by John Smith, Patriarch, to James Bean son of William and Anna Bean born March 3, 1804, Christian County, Kentucky. "Brother James in the name of Jesus Christ I lay my hands upon thy head and seal and confirm upon thee a father's blessing, thou art of the house and lineage of Joseph, a lawful heir to the Priesthood and all the blessings which were sealed by Father Jacob upon the head of Ephraim, thou are to travel and preach the gospel for several years and thou shalt be blessed and prospered in thy labors, shall be a son of consolation to the saints and shall persuade many to receive the truth; thou shalt baptize and lead many of the rich and the rulers to Zion with much riches and inasmuch as thou art a liberal man God shalt deal liberally with thee for thy children whom thou shalt baptize shall heap riches upon thee; thou shalt also have an endowment in the house of the Lord, which will enable thee to go forth and no power shall stay thy hand, and when thou has finished thy mission abroad, thou shalt return to thine inheritance and settle down with thy companion and children, a very great number, with thy brethren the children of Ephraim enjoying all the blessings which you desire in righteousness and be a counselor in the house of Israel for evermore. Thy name shall be had in honorable remembrance forevermore as a man of wisdom and as a good counselor among the saints forever. The number of thy years shall be many according to the desire of thy heart, even to see Israel gathered from every part of the earth, to see the heavens unveiled and the Savior make his appearance. Thou shalt have the ministering of Angels to help thee through thy ministry and thou shalt be satisfied with every good thing. I seal all these blessings upon thee and thy posterity forever and if thy faith fail not every word shall be sure unto thee, Even so, Amen." (13) ELIZABETH LEWIS - PATRIARCHAL BLESSING given by John Smith, Patriarch, upon the head of Elizabeth Bean daughter of James and Sarah Lewis, born September 22, 1803 in Lincoln County, Missouri. " Sister Elizabeth I lay my hands upon thy head in the name of Jesus Christ and seal and confirm upon thee this blessing of a father; because thou hast obeyed the gospel and liberated thyself from sectarian hands and left thy good name among the gentiles thou art entitled by right of inheritance coming down through the lineage of thy fathers to this Holy Priesthood with all the blessings of the New Covenant in common with thy companion, because thou are of the house of Joseph. Thou shalt inherit all the blessings which are desirable. Thou shalt have power to heal the sick in thine house and drive the destroyer from thy habitation. I ordain thee to this power in the absence of thy companion at all other places when there is no elder present. Thou shalt have a numerous posterity which shall be a mighty people. Thy name shall be had in honorable remembrance in the church forever. Thou shalt live to a good old age if thy faith does not fail and see Israel gathered from every part of the earth and Zion established in peace and not a day to move his tongue against the saints and thou shalt be satisfied with every good thing and rest in peace and come up in the first resurrection unto eternal life. Now dear Sister be patient in thine afflictions continue in faith unto the end of thy days and every word which hath been spoken shall be fulfilled for I seal it upon thee and thy posterity, even so. Amen." (14) The Bean family knew of the reality of the polygamy accusations soon enough, because on 5 February, 1845, their daughter Nancy became the first plural wife of John Doyle Lee. Lee described her as "the daughter of a wealthy farmer who lived near Quincy, Illinois." He had preached in the Bean home and Nancy had worked in his home for some time previous to the marriage. By the fall of 1845 the Mormons knew they were leaving Illinois, and all were busy making preparations. James Bean was assigned to Captain Shadrach Roundy's Company, and "corn, vegetables, products of all kinds necessary for the sustenance of man or beast were carefully gathered; while tailors, shoemakers, blacksmiths and wagon makers were busy almost night and day" recalls George W. The first endowments in the Nauvoo temple were given beginning December 10th and by the end of the month over one thousand saints had received their endowments. Richard Cowan has recorded: "As the year 1846 dawned, pressure on the saints to leave Illinois mounted. There were rumors that even federal troops might be used against them. Hence Church leaders decided to commence the exodus early in February rather than waiting until spring. This decision increased the Saints' eagerness to receive temple blessings before leaving Nauvoo, so the level of temple activity during January was even greater than during the previous month. On January 12 Brigham Young recorded: `Such has been the anxiety manifested by the saints to receive the ordinances [of the temple], and such the anxiety of our part to administer them, that I have given myself up entirely to the work of the Lord in the Temple night and day, not taking more than four hours sleep, upon an average, per day, and going home but once a week." (15) On January 6, 1846, James Bean and his wife, Elizabeth, received their endowments and had their marriage sealed for time and eternity in the Nauvoo Temple. Their daughter, Nancy, had already been through the Temple on 22 December 1845, and both George and Sarah Ann went through on 22 January, as did also Sarah's husband, William. W. Casper. Receiving these ordinances demonstrates their full acceptance of the direction of the Church leaders and their firm commitment to the restored gospel. These temple blessings certainly proved to be a sustaining influence for each of them in the ordeals and trials that yet lay before them. 1. Lincoln Co. Missouri Deed Book C:360 2. History of Lincoln County, Missouri:244-245 3. History of Lincoln County, Missouri:243-44 4. George Washington Bean Autobiography:14 - Flora Bean Horne (1945) 5. BYU Lib. 977.3 H836i, Illinois: A History of the Prairie State:1-4 6. George Washington Bean Autobiography:16 - Flora Bean Horne 7. George W. Bean Autobiography:17-19 Flora B. Horne (1945) 8. Autobiography of George W. Bean:21 - Flora Bean Horne 9. LDS, SL City Family History Library Film #581219 Nauvoo Record of Ordinations:105 10. George W. Bean Autobiography:20 - Flora Bean Horne (1945) 11. BYU Lib 977.343 Si15h, History of Hancock County, Illinois - Nauvoo Township:403 12. Essentials In Church History:387-8 - Joseph Fielding Smith 13. Historian Dept. LDS Church Office Bldg. SLC, Utah Patriarchal Blessings Vol 6:81 14. IBID Volume 6:22 15. Richard O. Cowan, Temples to Dot the Earth, (Bookcraft, SLC, Uta Part 2 EXPULSION FROM THE CITY BEAUTIFUL AND THE WESTWARD TREK In early February, 1846, the trek across the Mississippi River began, and on 20 February James Bean fitted his son George up with "a good outfit" including "provisions, tools, clothing, and fine bedding". (1) The plans were for young Bean to go west, followed by James and the rest of the family in a succeeding company. The Saints were busily engaged in piloting teams across the precarious ice for eight days in March, until the final breakup took place. Some said the ice was four feet thick. This was another act of Providence in their behalf. The closing of the river in March was considered an anomaly in the local history of the River. There was a foot of snow on the ground and the cold was intense. The roads were impassable for weeks. George, with the Pioneer Camp traversed some 60-70 miles into Iowa taking over six weeks because of the muddy, miry trails. Progress very difficult and slow. Due to these unpleasant circumstances and the discouragement that ensued, some of the leaders of the groups of ten abandoned the trek thus leaving their groups to be combined with others. In such difficult circumstances George's generous provisions were soon gone or stolen, and the travelers were at times "reduced to only bread made of parched corn meal which when old, is as about as nourishing as so much sawdust or bran." (2) He decided to return to Nauvoo and made it back in one and a half days on foot. The same distance had taken them six weeks to traverse with the group of Saints. Why did the Saints not wait until the good weather of spring to depart?, we might ask. From the Manuscript History of the Church we learn that "It was not the intention of the Saints to leave Nauvoo until the springtime had fully arrived. But the human fiends, who hated the religion of the Saints and coveted their substance and property, were not willing for them to wait. What cared they for the suffering and exposure of an innocent people, driven from their homes and sheltered by the broad canopy of heaven in the midst of winter? "We could have remained sheltered in our homes," said President Brigham Young, "had it not been for the threats and hostile demonstrations of our enemies, who, notwithstanding their solemn agreements, had thrown every obstacle in our way, not respecting either life, or liberty, or property; so much so that our only means of avoiding a rupture was by starting in mid-winter. Our homes, gardens, orchards, farms, streets, bridges, mills, public halls, magnificent temple, and other public improvements we leave as a monument of our patriotism, industry, economy, uprightness of purpose, and integrity of heart; and as a living testimony of the falsehood and wickedness of those who charge us with disloyalty to the Constitution of our country, idleness and dishonesty." (3) Following George's departure from Nauvoo, James Bean was joined by his son-in-law, William Wallace Casper, as they made their preparations to also leave the city. (Fig. 33) They fitted up three wagons with ox teams, a few horses and cows, and a flock of sheep. They parched a lot of corn and boxed it together with their flour, in well-made pine boxes about four feet long and twelve to fourteen inches wide and deep. No sacks were available in those times. The only comfort they had in leaving their newly built home in Nauvoo, and their farms and cattle, was from their faith in the vision had by the martyred Joseph Smith before his death, in which, he had seen the saints established in homes in the Mountains. So with the hope that this would become a reality, they faced the West determined and unafraid. Their faith and confidence in the existing leadership of the Church was evident as shown by their willingness to follow their guidance and council. Land that they had purchased for $1340 in 1845 was now sacrificed for $250; needless to say they were discouraged to receive so little from their real property which represented a lot of work and considerable improvements. On 1 May, 1846, they crossed the Mississippi on the first leg of their western journey. A trip from which James Bean and Elizabeth would never return. They overtook the large body of Mormons at the Grand River, and began immediately to help break up the prairie and put in sod corn. (See Fig.34*) They knew that if they did not use it, later migrations of Mormons would. At this time President Brigham Young called for more help to enable the Twelve Apostles to get to the Rocky Mountains as speedily as possible, leaving many others to stay and raise a crop. James Bean gave two yoke of oxen to assist Dr. Willard Richards. An order on the Temple Committee of Nauvoo was made to replace them. A Branch of the Church was organized and named Mt. Pisgah. It was decided that George W. Bean and William W. Casper should go back for the replacement cattle. "They started June 1, traveling two hundred miles in five and a half days. They met about nine hundred wagons moving west and had a good time on the trip, answering hundreds of questions and ate five or six times a day, always meeting friends in every company. They reached Nauvoo in the nick of time, for the committee was just receiving some stock on the sale of Dr. Richard's property and they promptly turned over four head of cattle on the order. It seemed like a Providential occurrence and served to strengthen our faith." (4) William Wallace Casper started with the cattle back to Mt. Pisgah, while George went to Adams County to find work to earn money for the future. On 9 July, the Presidency of the Church stopped at James Bean's encampment, and while Presidents Young and Kimball stayed in their carriage, others stayed in Bean's tent. President Young preached on "joining the Mormon Battalion," because he knew that the pay checks that the soldiers would send back to their families in Winter Quarters would be of invaluable assistance in helping them prepare for their westward migration. On July 16, William Wallace Casper volunteered to join, leaving "his young wife and two year old daughter crying in the street with only the cover of their wagon to protect them from the oncoming season." (5) He took comfort from the confidence he had in the resourcefulness and love of his parents-in-law and therefore could leave with full confidence that all would be well with his little family. (Zachariah B. Decker also joined at this time. His life will later be intertwined with that of Nancy Bean). William Wallace Casper records this about his Battalion experience: "It was sixty years ago last July that the Mormon Battalion was mustered into the army of the United States as volunteers to serve in the war with Mexico. The design was to connect the Battalion with General Kearney's army of the west and to march it to California. The mustering in took place July 16, 1846 at Council Bluffs, Iowa, where the main body of the Mormon pioneers were located. The call for the Mormons to furnish five hundred volunteers for the war came as the emigrants were on their journey to the Rocky Mountains. While the call to the Service was a hardship, it was, on the other hand, a great benefit for it gave the Saints provisions. The soldiers pay was a boon to our families who were making their way across the desolate stretches of the prairie land. "From the beginning the high quality of the men who formed the Battalion was recognized. As we marched up to sign the muster call, Captain Allen, the gallant young army officer who had been commissioned to enlist the Mormons, turned to his associate officers and said, "This is the only Battalion in the United States army in which every man can sign his own name." "There were many heart aches and tears as we made ready to leave our loved ones and friends. Many of the aged and children were sick from malaria fever which had found its way into camp. A lonely wife was left to care for my child, with only the cover of the wagon to protect her. "We went first to Fort Leavenworth to be equipped. (Fig. 35) Here Captain Allen, whom we had learned to love, was stricken with what proved to be a fatal illness. Lieutenant A.J. Smith took command and led us on the tramp to Santa Fe. The Battalion was composed of volunteers, not seasoned soldiers. The long marches, severe military discipline, large doses of medicine--of which we did not approve--were trials for both body and spirit. The hospital wagons were filled to overflowing. Some of the men, unable to continue farther with their companions, fell out of rank by the wayside; had it not been for the kindly passing emigrants who picked them up and carried them in their wagons to Santa Fe, they would have perished. "Colonel Phillips St. George Cook assumed command. He was a man of excellent qualities, but his severe discipline was not easily appreciated by the volunteers. They realized later, however, that stern discipline only could have brought them through such a march safely. Our hardships could hardly be exaggerated. In the course of a few months few of us had anything on but rags and tatters. Shirts were made from strips torn from our tents and blankets; trousers were made from the skins of animals. Anything that would serve as covering was made use of. This being a march of Infantry, we suffered even more from the lack of shoes. When they could be obtained, the skins of animals were bound around our feet, but these were not always obtainable and many a mile was marked by the stains from our bare and bleeding feet. We started from Santa Fe, a one hundred mile march ahead of us, with provisions for sixty days; thus from the start rations were reduced. When we were yet thirty days from our destination we found ourselves with no provisions except the fresh meat which was obtainable in the regions we were passing through. This we ate without salt. (Another sketch states this was sometimes the meat of their own mules.) "Colonel Cook had received orders to build a wagon road to the Pacific Coast. This he was able to do following the route previously used by General Kearney and his cavalrymen. The Colonel chose the lower route along which the Battalion traveled without chart or guide, and blazed the trail for a distance of four hundred miles. With this route we avoided both the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevadas. Over the burning deserts and through stretches of miry clay and beds of shifting quicksand we drew the wagons with ropes fastened around our shoulders. Up steep mountainsides, with ax, picks, and crowbars, we widened passages through walls of solid rock. We assisted our animals over the mountains while we were half starved ourselves. But our keenest suffering was from thirst. Often after a long day's march the other men would record in their diaries such stories as these: "we had a little brackish water tonight' or "we dipped up some water with our teaspoons." In camp at night we would wrap our blankets around us and dream of mountains and flowing streams. For thirty miles we marched through the scorching sands of the American Desert without seeing a drop of water, save the deep wells we dug ourselves. (A family sketch states his mouth was parched and swollen for days at a time for lack of water.) "We arrived at the point from which we could see the Pacific Ocean on January 27, 1847. We had completed a march of two thousand miles. The longest march of infantry in history. It was for us a moment of pure joy! (6) He rejoined the saints in Salt Lake Valley on 16 Oct 1847 with full intentions of going East to meet his wife. How great was his joy to find her already there!! His son, James Moroni, relates that when his father arrived in the valley "he was wearing a piece of rawhide for a shirt and a piece of wagon cover for pants, but he was blessed with health and strength and his heart was so full of joy, he didn't much care what his clothes were made of." William Wallace Casper was about five feet eight inches tall and stockily built. His hair was a sandy brown color and his long beard had flecks of red in it. He had sparkling blue eyes which glowed with mischievous humor. (7) Meanwhile, on the trail near Council Bluffs, on the day following the mustering in of the Battalion, Brigham Young organized the brethren who had stayed behind to take care of the families of the Battalion members. A large number of bishops were selected to care for the money and property of the volunteers. James Bean was one of those bishops. The Beans stayed the rest of the year at Miller's Hollow, just above Kanesville, later called Council Bluffs. (See ** Fig. 34) In the mean time, George Bean, who had been traveling through Adams County and northern Missouri, wrote that when he returned he found "his folks in very unsatisfactory condition." (8) His father, James, was one hundred miles away in Missouri, working to get provisions for the trek to the West in the spring. Elizabeth, his wife, was sick, Casper had gone with the Battalion, Sarah Ann and child were sick as were James A. and Mary E. The youngest daughter, Cornelia, aged 7 years, had died two months before on 17 Nov 1846. Nancy, estranged from her husband, John D. Lee, was staying with them and was the only one well enough to wait upon the rest. There was no food and no medicine. Neighbors were dying because of diseases such as scurvy or blackleg, associated with the poor diet. George W. took the cash he had earned to the Sarpee Trading Post and got "some white flour, dried fruit, sugar, tea, rice" (9) and other supplies. He felt that his coming was providential in that he was able to save his family from almost certain death. At Winter Quarters and other encampments of the Saints, "Hearts were mellowed by griefs and sorrows which few people have known. Before the cold of winter prevented the spread of disease, 300 fresh graves appeared in the cemetery outside of what would be their "Winter Quarters." (10) "Weakened by the long trek from Nauvoo and the lack of sufficient vegetables in their diet, people became easy victims of malaria, scurvy, and other little known maladies. Scurvy, called by the Saints "Blackleg," caused the greatest sufferings and the majority of deaths. When the disease became rampant, wagons were sent to Missouri to get potatoes, which effectively checked and cured the disease. Horse radish, found in an abandoned fort some distance from the camp, also proved to be an excellent antidote. Though the disease was checked during the winter it was not until it had made inroads upon nearly every family." (11) James Bean who had through hard work and industry been a prosperous farmer with more than adequate lodging and food, was forced now by their exodus from Nauvoo to sell his sheep, his mare, his other horses, as well as his feather beds, plows, and other supplies, just to keep the family in food and medicine. He made regular excursions into the surrounding countryside to seek employment to help his destitute family. Soon after returning to his family for a brief time, he would again leave soon to find more work and get more supplies. At this time he went to St. Joseph, Missouri, with George W. to work. Just before Christmas in 1846, he was making fences and rails, and hauling logs in exchange for pork, flour, meal and corn. Upon returning to the Mormon settlement, he and his sons cleared ten acres of timberland, made rails and fenced it in and planted corn. As the spring of 1847 approached, the family still felt unprepared so it was decided that George and Sarah Ann would go west first and the rest of the family would follow later. This way Sarah could meet William, her husband, on his return from California where he had arrived with the Battalion. Sixteen year old George W. was sent "forth on a journey of one thousand miles in charge of four oxen and a family." (12) Though mother Bean worked cheerfully, her heart was sad at the thought of another parting. It took great faith on the part of those leaving and those left behind--faith that the Lord would watch over their family no matter where they might be as He had in the past and that he would bring about their happy reunion under more favorable circumstances. "West in the Spring" became the hope, which lightened their loads, eased their sorrows, and assuaged their griefs. Colonel Kane, who spent much time among the traveling Saints said: "The Mormons took the young and hopeful side. They could make sport and frolic of their trials, and often turn the sharp suffering into right sound laughter against themselves. I certainly heard more jests while in this camp than I am likely to hear again in all the remainder of my days." (13) Gradually over the months before the western movement actually began, the Beans, along with others, continued making their preparations. Wagons were repaired or new ones were built or acquired. Canvas was sewn into covers and tents. Shoes were fashioned and socks knitted. A grist mill was constructed and the grain, except that needed for the animals, was ground into flour. Those who had no other tasks gathered willows and wove them into baskets and half-bushel measures. Some of the men fashioned washboards that they sold to the people of Iowa and Missouri. (14) On January 14, 1847, Brigham Young received a revelation for the Saints concerning the organization of their groups for the westward trek that explained also what would be expected of them. As spring came on, President Young sent word to all the camps to select those who were to go with the Advance Company of "Pioneers" to make the roads and prepare the way. This company was to be composed of 144 men who would go ahead without their families, so as to be less handicapped in the hard work which would be entailed. There was also three women and two children with this group when they left on April 16. Many more would come when the grass was high enough for grazing their livestock. On 13 June, Sarah Ann, her babe, Sarah Jane, now about two years of age, and sixteen year old George W. took their wagon, cow, bedding, and a year's provisions and started with the second group for the Salt Lake Valley. (Fig. 36) At the Elkhorn they were assigned to Captain Jedediah Grant's hundred. A cattle stampede at the forks of the Platte River slowed them down for a week. The Company passed John C. Fremont, who was being carried back to Washington under arrest for conspiracy in California. (15) Brigham H. Roberts says this of the movement west: "To appreciate the heroism of this Latter-day Saint movement to the West, one must contemplate the chances taken by these companies which followed the Pioneers. It was late in the season when they started from the Elkhorn--the latter part of June--too late for them to put in crops that season even if they stopped far short of the Eastern base of the Rocky Mountains. They barely had provisions enough to last them eighteen months, and then if their first crop failed them in the new mountain home selected, starvation must follow, for they would be from eight to ten hundred miles from the nearest point where food could be obtained, and no swifter means of transportation than horse or ox teams. It was a bold undertaking, this moving over two thousand souls into an unknown country, and into the midst of tribes of savages of uncertain disposition, and of doubtful friendship. Had it not been for the assurance of the support and protection of God, it would have been not only a bold but a reckless movement--the action of madmen. But as it was, the undertaking was a sublime evidence of their faith in God and their leaders." (16) Near Fort Laramie, George had an altercation with Gabe Mayberry, and was brought to a court-martial. Sarah Ann was not permitted to be present, but paced around the wagon, holding her baby, hoping and praying for the best for young George. When he was honorably released, George recalled: "she threw her arms about me and really drenched me with tears of joy and gratitude" (17) The following details from the journals of William Clayton, Thomas Bullock, and Orson Pratt, who were part of the Advance Group give us a glimpse of what happened on their westward trek. From Orson Pratt: "During the time of our halts we had to watch our teams to keep them from mingling with the buffalo. I think I may safely say that I have seen ten thousand buffalo during the day. Some few antelope, which came near our wagons, we killed for food, their meat being very excellent, but we did not allow ourselves to kill any game only as we wanted it for food.....Young buffalo calves frequently came in our way and we had to carry them away from the camp to prevent their following us. "About this time, between the buffalo and the prairie fires, the animals of the camp were nearly famished. The buffalo became very numerous. It was impracticable to give an approximate estimate of their numbers, say one hundred thousand or more. They were poor in flesh, and no more were killed than the necessities of the camp required. At one time a herd of several miles in extent was seen. The prairie was literally a dense, black mass of moving animals. Thomas Bullock adds: "Our camps had to stop two or three miles while the droves went around us. As soon as they passed many would stop and look at us, as if amazed at such a sight. We caught several calves alive. Remember, catching a buffalo calf and a domesticated one, are two different things. A swift horse is sometimes pushed to catch up with him. They are as swift as horses, and although the old animals are the ugliest racers of any brutes, they get over the ground very fast, and an inexperienced rider is soon left to admire their beauty in the distance." (18) They frequently encountered groups of Indians who were given gifts of tobacco, beads, and fishhooks. Luckily for this Advance Party the Indians of the plains were at peace with the white men at this time, though they would often steal from them. (19) John Taylor had brought from England some instruments for daily observations of the latitude, longitude, altitude, as well as the atmospheric conditions and changes in the flora and fauna along the way. The distance traveled each day was recorded as well as the distance between landmarks. William Clayton devised a method of tying a red rag on the spoke of a wheel and of computing the miles traveled by the number of revolutions of the wheel. Because of the tiresomeness of this method he, with the help of Appleton M. Harmon, invented an instrument called the "Odometer," which kept an accurate account of the mileage traveled. (20) Messages were left for succeeding companies, carved in the bark of trees, on the face of a post set in the ground, by letters sealed into the groove sawed into a board or post, or on the whitened buffalo skulls found on the open prairie. (Fig. 37) The Sabbath day was strictly observed, excepting only the need to keep the camp in order, the stock tended, or, those times when reaching water or food made it impracticable for them to stop and camp. Dancing, checkers, dominoes, cardplaying, scuffling, wrestling, joking, and playing practical jokes were indulged in. Though men like Major Moses Harris, Jim Bridger and Miles Goodyear whom they met along the way, didn't have anything exciting to say about the Great Basin, the group proceeded resolutely toward that destination anyway. Miles Goodyear, who had a farm at the mouth of Ogden Canyon said of the Salt Lake Valley that it was a place of hard frosts and cold climate; "that it was difficult to produce grain and vegetables in any of this mountain region." To him as to Harris and Bridger the answer from Brigham Young was the same: "Give us time and we will show you." (21) The following comments highlight the sights and feelings those of the first group and each succeeding one felt as they glimpsed Salt Lake valley for the first time. "Mr. Snow and myself ascended this hill, from the top of which a broad open valley, about twenty miles wide and thirty long, lay stretched out before us, at the north end of which the broad water of Great Salt Lake glistened in the sunbeams, containing high mountainous islands from twenty-five to thirty miles in extent. After issuing from the mountains, among which we had been shut up for many days, and beholding in a moment such an extensive scenery open before us, we could not refrain from a shout of joy which almost involuntarily escaped from our lips the moment this grand and lovely scenery was within our view. (22) Wilford Woodruff relates that: "When we came out of the canyon in full view of the valley I turned the side of my carriage around open to the West, and President Young arose from his bed and took a survey of the country. While gazing on the scene before us, he was enrapt in vision for several minutes. He had seen the valley before in vision, and upon this occasion he saw the future glory of Zion and of Israel, as they would be, planted in the valleys of these mountains. When the vision had passed, he said: `It is enough. This is the right place. Drive on!'" (23) These descriptions give us a keener insight into the times and happenings in which our progenitors participated. 1. G.W. Bean Autobiography:24 Horne - 1945 2. IBID:27 3. Essentials In Church History:404, Joseph Fielding Smith 4. IBID:28-29 5. The Ebenezer Hanks Story:127 - Kerry Bate - 1982 6. The Ebenezer Hanks Story:127-8 - Kerry Bate - 1982 7. The Ebenezer Hanks Story:129, Kerry Bate 8. George Bean Autobiography:30-31 (1945) - Flora Bean Horne 9. IBID:31 10. The Restored Church:245 - William E. Berrett 11. IBID 12. George W. Bean Autobiography:32 (1945) - Flora Bean Horne 13. The Restored Church:245 - William E. Berrett 14. IBID 15. The Ebenezer Hank Story:129 - Kerry Bate 16. The Restored Church:268 - William E. Berrett 17. George W. Bean Autobiography:34 (1945) - Flora Bean Horne 18. The Restored Church:251-2 - William E. Berrett 19. IBID:253 20. IBID 21. IBID:256,259 22. IBID:260 23. IBID:260 Part 3 EXPULSION FROM THE CITY BEAUTIFUL AND THE WESTWARD TREK In early February, 1846, the trek across the Mississippi River began, and on 20 February James Bean fitted his son George up with "a good outfit" including "provisions, tools, clothing, and fine bedding". (1) The plans were for young Bean to go west, followed by James and the rest of the family in a succeeding company. The Saints were busily engaged in piloting teams across the precarious ice for eight days in March, until the final breakup took place. Some said the ice was four feet thick. This was another act of Providence in their behalf. The closing of the river in March was considered an anomaly in the local history of the River. There was a foot of snow on the ground and the cold was intense. The roads were impassable for weeks. George, with the Pioneer Camp traversed some 60-70 miles into Iowa taking over six weeks because of the muddy, miry trails. Progress very difficult and slow. Due to these unpleasant circumstances and the discouragement that ensued, some of the leaders of the groups of ten abandoned the trek thus leaving their groups to be combined with others. In such difficult circumstances George's generous provisions were soon gone or stolen, and the travelers were at times "reduced to only bread made of parched corn meal which when old, is as about as nourishing as so much sawdust or bran." (2) He decided to return to Nauvoo and made it back in one and a half days on foot. The same distance had taken them six weeks to traverse with the group of Saints. Why did the Saints not wait until the good weather of spring to depart?, we might ask. From the Manuscript History of the Church we learn that "It was not the intention of the Saints to leave Nauvoo until the springtime had fully arrived. But the human fiends, who hated the religion of the Saints and coveted their substance and property, were not willing for them to wait. What cared they for the suffering and exposure of an innocent people, driven from their homes and sheltered by the broad canopy of heaven in the midst of winter? "We could have remained sheltered in our homes," said President Brigham Young, "had it not been for the threats and hostile demonstrations of our enemies, who, notwithstanding their solemn agreements, had thrown every obstacle in our way, not respecting either life, or liberty, or property; so much so that our only means of avoiding a rupture was by starting in mid-winter. Our homes, gardens, orchards, farms, streets, bridges, mills, public halls, magnificent temple, and other public improvements we leave as a monument of our patriotism, industry, economy, uprightness of purpose, and integrity of heart; and as a living testimony of the falsehood and wickedness of those who charge us with disloyalty to the Constitution of our country, idleness and dishonesty." (3) Following George's departure from Nauvoo, James Bean was joined by his son-in-law, William Wallace Casper, as they made their preparations to also leave the city. (Fig. 33) They fitted up three wagons with ox teams, a few horses and cows, and a flock of sheep. They parched a lot of corn and boxed it together with their flour, in well-made pine boxes about four feet long and twelve to fourteen inches wide and deep. No sacks were available in those times. The only comfort they had in leaving their newly built home in Nauvoo, and their farms and cattle, was from their faith in the vision had by the martyred Joseph Smith before his death, in which, he had seen the saints established in homes in the Mountains. So with the hope that this would become a reality, they faced the West determined and unafraid. Their faith and confidence in the existing leadership of the Church was evident as shown by their willingness to follow their guidance and council. Land that they had purchased for $1340 in 1845 was now sacrificed for $250; needless to say they were discouraged to receive so little from their real property which represented a lot of work and considerable improvements. On 1 May, 1846, they crossed the Mississippi on the first leg of their western journey. A trip from which James Bean and Elizabeth would never return. They overtook the large body of Mormons at the Grand River, and began immediately to help break up the prairie and put in sod corn. (See Fig.34*) They knew that if they did not use it, later migrations of Mormons would. At this time President Brigham Young called for more help to enable the Twelve Apostles to get to the Rocky Mountains as speedily as possible, leaving many others to stay and raise a crop. James Bean gave two yoke of oxen to assist Dr. Willard Richards. An order on the Temple Committee of Nauvoo was made to replace them. A Branch of the Church was organized and named Mt. Pisgah. It was decided that George W. Bean and William W. Casper should go back for the replacement cattle. "They started June 1, traveling two hundred miles in five and a half days. They met about nine hundred wagons moving west and had a good time on the trip, answering hundreds of questions and ate five or six times a day, always meeting friends in every company. They reached Nauvoo in the nick of time, for the committee was just receiving some stock on the sale of Dr. Richard's property and they promptly turned over four head of cattle on the order. It seemed like a Providential occurrence and served to strengthen our faith." (4) William Wallace Casper started with the cattle back to Mt. Pisgah, while George went to Adams County to find work to earn money for the future. On 9 July, the Presidency of the Church stopped at James Bean's encampment, and while Presidents Young and Kimball stayed in their carriage, others stayed in Bean's tent. President Young preached on "joining the Mormon Battalion," because he knew that the pay checks that the soldiers would send back to their families in Winter Quarters would be of invaluable assistance in helping them prepare for their westward migration. On July 16, William Wallace Casper volunteered to join, leaving "his young wife and two year old daughter crying in the street with only the cover of their wagon to protect them from the oncoming season." (5) He took comfort from the confidence he had in the resourcefulness and love of his parents-in-law and therefore could leave with full confidence that all would be well with his little family. (Zachariah B. Decker also joined at this time. His life will later be intertwined with that of Nancy Bean). William Wallace Casper records this about his Battalion experience: "It was sixty years ago last July that the Mormon Battalion was mustered into the army of the United States as volunteers to serve in the war with Mexico. The design was to connect the Battalion with General Kearney's army of the west and to march it to California. The mustering in took place July 16, 1846 at Council Bluffs, Iowa, where the main body of the Mormon pioneers were located. The call for the Mormons to furnish five hundred volunteers for the war came as the emigrants were on their journey to the Rocky Mountains. While the call to the Service was a hardship, it was, on the other hand, a great benefit for it gave the Saints provisions. The soldiers pay was a boon to our families who were making their way across the desolate stretches of the prairie land. "From the beginning the high quality of the men who formed the Battalion was recognized. As we marched up to sign the muster call, Captain Allen, the gallant young army officer who had been commissioned to enlist the Mormons, turned to his associate officers and said, "This is the only Battalion in the United States army in which every man can sign his own name." "There were many heart aches and tears as we made ready to leave our loved ones and friends. Many of the aged and children were sick from malaria fever which had found its way into camp. A lonely wife was left to care for my child, with only the cover of the wagon to protect her. "We went first to Fort Leavenworth to be equipped. (Fig. 35) Here Captain Allen, whom we had learned to love, was stricken with what proved to be a fatal illness. Lieutenant A.J. Smith took command and led us on the tramp to Santa Fe. The Battalion was composed of volunteers, not seasoned soldiers. The long marches, severe military discipline, large doses of medicine--of which we did not approve--were trials for both body and spirit. The hospital wagons were filled to overflowing. Some of the men, unable to continue farther with their companions, fell out of rank by the wayside; had it not been for the kindly passing emigrants who picked them up and carried them in their wagons to Santa Fe, they would have perished. "Colonel Phillips St. George Cook assumed command. He was a man of excellent qualities, but his severe discipline was not easily appreciated by the volunteers. They realized later, however, that stern discipline only could have brought them through such a march safely. Our hardships could hardly be exaggerated. In the course of a few months few of us had anything on but rags and tatters. Shirts were made from strips torn from our tents and blankets; trousers were made from the skins of animals. Anything that would serve as covering was made use of. This being a march of Infantry, we suffered even more from the lack of shoes. When they could be obtained, the skins of animals were bound around our feet, but these were not always obtainable and many a mile was marked by the stains from our bare and bleeding feet. We started from Santa Fe, a one hundred mile march ahead of us, with provisions for sixty days; thus from the start rations were reduced. When we were yet thirty days from our destination we found ourselves with no provisions except the fresh meat which was obtainable in the regions we were passing through. This we ate without salt. (Another sketch states this was sometimes the meat of their own mules.) "Colonel Cook had received orders to build a wagon road to the Pacific Coast. This he was able to do following the route previously used by General Kearney and his cavalrymen. The Colonel chose the lower route along which the Battalion traveled without chart or guide, and blazed the trail for a distance of four hundred miles. With this route we avoided both the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevadas. Over the burning deserts and through stretches of miry clay and beds of shifting quicksand we drew the wagons with ropes fastened around our shoulders. Up steep mountainsides, with ax, picks, and crowbars, we widened passages through walls of solid rock. We assisted our animals over the mountains while we were half starved ourselves. But our keenest suffering was from thirst. Often after a long day's march the other men would record in their diaries such stories as these: "we had a little brackish water tonight' or "we dipped up some water with our teaspoons." In camp at night we would wrap our blankets around us and dream of mountains and flowing streams. For thirty miles we marched through the scorching sands of the American Desert without seeing a drop of water, save the deep wells we dug ourselves. (A family sketch states his mouth was parched and swollen for days at a time for lack of water.) "We arrived at the point from which we could see the Pacific Ocean on January 27, 1847. We had completed a march of two thousand miles. The longest march of infantry in history. It was for us a moment of pure joy! (6) He rejoined the saints in Salt Lake Valley on 16 Oct 1847 with full intentions of going East to meet his wife. How great was his joy to find her already there!! His son, James Moroni, relates that when his father arrived in the valley "he was wearing a piece of rawhide for a shirt and a piece of wagon cover for pants, but he was blessed with health and strength and his heart was so full of joy, he didn't much care what his clothes were made of." William Wallace Casper was about five feet eight inches tall and stockily built. His hair was a sandy brown color and his long beard had flecks of red in it. He had sparkling blue eyes which glowed with mischievous humor. (7) Meanwhile, on the trail near Council Bluffs, on the day following the mustering in of the Battalion, Brigham Young organized the brethren who had stayed behind to take care of the families of the Battalion members. A large number of bishops were selected to care for the money and property of the volunteers. James Bean was one of those bishops. The Beans stayed the rest of the year at Miller's Hollow, just above Kanesville, later called Council Bluffs. (See ** Fig. 34) In the mean time, George Bean, who had been traveling through Adams County and northern Missouri, wrote that when he returned he found "his folks in very unsatisfactory condition." (8) His father, James, was one hundred miles away in Missouri, working to get provisions for the trek to the West in the spring. Elizabeth, his wife, was sick, Casper had gone with the Battalion, Sarah Ann and child were sick as were James A. and Mary E. The youngest daughter, Cornelia, aged 7 years, had died two months before on 17 Nov 1846. Nancy, estranged from her husband, John D. Lee, was staying with them and was the only one well enough to wait upon the rest. There was no food and no medicine. Neighbors were dying because of diseases such as scurvy or blackleg, associated with the poor diet. George W. took the cash he had earned to the Sarpee Trading Post and got "some white flour, dried fruit, sugar, tea, rice" (9) and other supplies. He felt that his coming was providential in that he was able to save his family from almost certain death. At Winter Quarters and other encampments of the Saints, "Hearts were mellowed by griefs and sorrows which few people have known. Before the cold of winter prevented the spread of disease, 300 fresh graves appeared in the cemetery outside of what would be their "Winter Quarters." (10) "Weakened by the long trek from Nauvoo and the lack of sufficient vegetables in their diet, people became easy victims of malaria, scurvy, and other little known maladies. Scurvy, called by the Saints "Blackleg," caused the greatest sufferings and the majority of deaths. When the disease became rampant, wagons were sent to Missouri to get potatoes, which effectively checked and cured the disease. Horse radish, found in an abandoned fort some distance from the camp, also proved to be an excellent antidote. Though the disease was checked during the winter it was not until it had made inroads upon nearly every family." (11) James Bean who had through hard work and industry been a prosperous farmer with more than adequate lodging and food, was forced now by their exodus from Nauvoo to sell his sheep, his mare, his other horses, as well as his feather beds, plows, and other supplies, just to keep the family in food and medicine. He made regular excursions into the surrounding countryside to seek employment to help his destitute family. Soon after returning to his family for a brief time, he would again leave soon to find more work and get more supplies. At this time he went to St. Joseph, Missouri, with George W. to work. Just before Christmas in 1846, he was making fences and rails, and hauling logs in exchange for pork, flour, meal and corn. Upon returning to the Mormon settlement, he and his sons cleared ten acres of timberland, made rails and fenced it in and planted corn. As the spring of 1847 approached, the family still felt unprepared so it was decided that George and Sarah Ann would go west first and the rest of the family would follow later. This way Sarah could meet William, her husband, on his return from California where he had arrived with the Battalion. Sixteen year old George W. was sent "forth on a journey of one thousand miles in charge of four oxen and a family." (12) Though mother Bean worked cheerfully, her heart was sad at the thought of another parting. It took great faith on the part of those leaving and those left behind--faith that the Lord would watch over their family no matter where they might be as He had in the past and that he would bring about their happy reunion under more favorable circumstances. "West in the Spring" became the hope, which lightened their loads, eased their sorrows, and assuaged their griefs. Colonel Kane, who spent much time among the traveling Saints said: "The Mormons took the young and hopeful side. They could make sport and frolic of their trials, and often turn the sharp suffering into right sound laughter against themselves. I certainly heard more jests while in this camp than I am likely to hear again in all the remainder of my days." (13) Gradually over the months before the western movement actually began, the Beans, along with others, continued making their preparations. Wagons were repaired or new ones were built or acquired. Canvas was sewn into covers and tents. Shoes were fashioned and socks knitted. A grist mill was constructed and the grain, except that needed for the animals, was ground into flour. Those who had no other tasks gathered willows and wove them into baskets and half-bushel measures. Some of the men fashioned washboards that they sold to the people of Iowa and Missouri. (14) On January 14, 1847, Brigham Young received a revelation for the Saints concerning the organization of their groups for the westward trek that explained also what would be expected of them. As spring came on, President Young sent word to all the camps to select those who were to go with the Advance Company of "Pioneers" to make the roads and prepare the way. This company was to be composed of 144 men who would go ahead without their families, so as to be less handicapped in the hard work which would be entailed. There was also three women and two children with this group when they left on April 16. Many more would come when the grass was high enough for grazing their livestock. On 13 June, Sarah Ann, her babe, Sarah Jane, now about two years of age, and sixteen year old George W. took their wagon, cow, bedding, and a year's provisions and started with the second group for the Salt Lake Valley. (Fig. 36) At the Elkhorn they were assigned to Captain Jedediah Grant's hundred. A cattle stampede at the forks of the Platte River slowed them down for a week. The Company passed John C. Fremont, who was being carried back to Washington under arrest for conspiracy in California. (15) Brigham H. Roberts says this of the movement west: "To appreciate the heroism of this Latter-day Saint movement to the West, one must contemplate the chances taken by these companies which followed the Pioneers. It was late in the season when they started from the Elkhorn--the latter part of June--too late for them to put in crops that season even if they stopped far short of the Eastern base of the Rocky Mountains. They barely had provisions enough to last them eighteen months, and then if their first crop failed them in the new mountain home selected, starvation must follow, for they would be from eight to ten hundred miles from the nearest point where food could be obtained, and no swifter means of transportation than horse or ox teams. It was a bold undertaking, this moving over two thousand souls into an unknown country, and into the midst of tribes of savages of uncertain disposition, and of doubtful friendship. Had it not been for the assurance of the support and protection of God, it would have been not only a bold but a reckless movement--the action of madmen. But as it was, the undertaking was a sublime evidence of their faith in God and their leaders." (16) Near Fort Laramie, George had an altercation with Gabe Mayberry, and was brought to a court-martial. Sarah Ann was not permitted to be present, but paced around the wagon, holding her baby, hoping and praying for the best for young George. When he was honorably released, George recalled: "she threw her arms about me and really drenched me with tears of joy and gratitude" (17) The following details from the journals of William Clayton, Thomas Bullock, and Orson Pratt, who were part of the Advance Group give us a glimpse of what happened on their westward trek. From Orson Pratt: "During the time of our halts we had to watch our teams to keep them from mingling with the buffalo. I think I may safely say that I have seen ten thousand buffalo during the day. Some few antelope, which came near our wagons, we killed for food, their meat being very excellent, but we did not allow ourselves to kill any game only as we wanted it for food.....Young buffalo calves frequently came in our way and we had to carry them away from the camp to prevent their following us. "About this time, between the buffalo and the prairie fires, the animals of the camp were nearly famished. The buffalo became very numerous. It was impracticable to give an approximate estimate of their numbers, say one hundred thousand or more. They were poor in flesh, and no more were killed than the necessities of the camp required. At one time a herd of several miles in extent was seen. The prairie was literally a dense, black mass of moving animals. Thomas Bullock adds: "Our camps had to stop two or three miles while the droves went around us. As soon as they passed many would stop and look at us, as if amazed at such a sight. We caught several calves alive. Remember, catching a buffalo calf and a domesticated one, are two different things. A swift horse is sometimes pushed to catch up with him. They are as swift as horses, and although the old animals are the ugliest racers of any brutes, they get over the ground very fast, and an inexperienced rider is soon left to admire their beauty in the distance." (18) They frequently encountered groups of Indians who were given gifts of tobacco, beads, and fishhooks. Luckily for this Advance Party the Indians of the plains were at peace with the white men at this time, though they would often steal from them. (19) John Taylor had brought from England some instruments for daily observations of the latitude, longitude, altitude, as well as the atmospheric conditions and changes in the flora and fauna along the way. The distance traveled each day was recorded as well as the distance between landmarks. William Clayton devised a method of tying a red rag on the spoke of a wheel and of computing the miles traveled by the number of revolutions of the wheel. Because of the tiresomeness of this method he, with the help of Appleton M. Harmon, invented an instrument called the "Odometer," which kept an accurate account of the mileage traveled. (20) Messages were left for succeeding companies, carved in the bark of trees, on the face of a post set in the ground, by letters sealed into the groove sawed into a board or post, or on the whitened buffalo skulls found on the open prairie. (Fig. 37) The Sabbath day was strictly observed, excepting only the need to keep the camp in order, the stock tended, or, those times when reaching water or food made it impracticable for them to stop and camp. Dancing, checkers, dominoes, cardplaying, scuffling, wrestling, joking, and playing practical jokes were indulged in. Though men like Major Moses Harris, Jim Bridger and Miles Goodyear whom they met along the way, didn't have anything exciting to say about the Great Basin, the group proceeded resolutely toward that destination anyway. Miles Goodyear, who had a farm at the mouth of Ogden Canyon said of the Salt Lake Valley that it was a place of hard frosts and cold climate; "that it was difficult to produce grain and vegetables in any of this mountain region." To him as to Harris and Bridger the answer from Brigham Young was the same: "Give us time and we will show you." (21) The following comments highlight the sights and feelings those of the first group and each succeeding one felt as they glimpsed Salt Lake valley for the first time. "Mr. Snow and myself ascended this hill, from the top of which a broad open valley, about twenty miles wide and thirty long, lay stretched out before us, at the north end of which the broad water of Great Salt Lake glistened in the sunbeams, containing high mountainous islands from twenty-five to thirty miles in extent. After issuing from the mountains, among which we had been shut up for many days, and beholding in a moment such an extensive scenery open before us, we could not refrain from a shout of joy which almost involuntarily escaped from our lips the moment this grand and lovely scenery was within our view. (22) Wilford Woodruff relates that: "When we came out of the canyon in full view of the valley I turned the side of my carriage around open to the West, and President Young arose from his bed and took a survey of the country. While gazing on the scene before us, he was enrapt in vision for several minutes. He had seen the valley before in vision, and upon this occasion he saw the future glory of Zion and of Israel, as they would be, planted in the valleys of these mountains. When the vision had passed, he said: `It is enough. This is the right place. Drive on!'" (23) These descriptions give us a keener insight into the times and happenings in which our progenitors participated. 1. G.W. Bean Autobiography:24 Horne - 1945 2. IBID:27 3. Essentials In Church History:404, Joseph Fielding Smith 4. IBID:28-29 5. The Ebenezer Hanks Story:127 - Kerry Bate - 1982 6. The Ebenezer Hanks Story:127-8 - Kerry Bate - 1982 7. The Ebenezer Hanks Story:129, Kerry Bate 8. George Bean Autobiography:30-31 (1945) - Flora Bean Horne 9. IBID:31 10. The Restored Church:245 - William E. Berrett 11. IBID 12. George W. Bean Autobiography:32 (1945) - Flora Bean Horne 13. The Restored Church:245 - William E. Berrett 14. IBID 15. The Ebenezer Hank Story:129 - Kerry Bate 16. The Restored Church:268 - William E. Berrett 17. George W. Bean Autobiography:34 (1945) - Flora Bean Horne 18. The Restored Church:251-2 - William E. Berrett 19. IBID:253 20. IBID 21. IBID:256,259 22. IBID:260 23. IBID:260 Part 4 IN THE TOPS OF THE MOUNTAINS On 4 October 1847, the Casper-Bean team arrived in the Salt Lake Valley, just two and half months after the Advance Party. The Bean party lost many of their work cattle because of the alkali at Devil's Gate on the Sweetwater River. President Young and party met them there as he was returning to the Winter Quarters to spend the winter with the body of the Saints. Indians stole 21 head of horses and mules from the Pioneer party. Upon arrival in the valley Sarah Ann and George were received into Captain Jefferson Hunt's family. They were given a small building spot in the south-east corner of the Old Fort and showed how to make adobe bricks for a house. In about two weeks George got Sarah a cabin, and her husband, William Wallace Casper, arrived from California by the northern route, via Fort Hall, "and a pleasant meeting was had by all." (1) Casper had traveled back with his good friend, Ephraim Hanks, who spent most of the winter with them. But the winter was long, the valley was short of supplies, and none were to be obtained for over a thousand miles. Despite the scarcity, "one good old lady prominent in the community prayed in the sisters' meeting for the Lord to bless the poor soldier boys and open the way for them to find thistle and sego roots to sustain themselves. At that same time she had three barrels of flour buried in her dooryard, two of which spoiled that Spring." (2) George comments are, that "these were times that tried men (and women's) souls." "Many had to dig roots to mix with their meal and flour and thus extend their sustenance; but in all these close times, the faithful ones enjoyed themselves in meetings and dances, although on short rations." (3) (Fig. 38) Sarah Ann's daughter, Sarah Jane, later recalled that when she was about three she could remember being so hungry that she chewed for an hour at a time on rawhide. William W. Casper and George W. Bean began breaking ground on 1 January 1848, and sowed three pecks of wheat. In the spring they moved to the Mill Creek area and built a shanty, cleared eleven acres of ground, and planted corn. They lived on milk from the cow, mixed with a little flour, making what is called "lumpy dick," eating it three times a day, week in and week out. All the time they continued plowing, grubbing, and hoeing. The ox team was most helpful. When the crops showed signs of succeeding, the farm was attacked by hordes of black crickets, "and the way our corn disappeared was a caution," (4) recalled George. (See Fig. 38) The family fought them with water, paddling, fires, and flailing. Finally a "fast day" of prayer was appointed. Eventually sea gulls came from the direction of the Great Salt Lake and devoured them by the thousands. Though most of the crops were destroyed, some were saved, and some seeds were planted again. In May, George volunteered to heed the call for men and teams to go back to meet his parents and others who were preparing to come west while William and Sarah Ann were left to work the farm. "We left on May 23, 1848. I was in Father Haight's wagon. We crossed the Big Mountain over snow ten and twelve feet deep, swam several crossings of East Canyon Creek, rafted over Weber River, doubled team in crossing Bear River, swam Black Fork, and rafted across Hain's Fork and Green River--which took us three days at the latter stream. "I had left Salt Lake Valley with only twenty pounds of ground wheat and a few pounds of pork and beef. We were four weeks getting to the head of the Sweetwater River and my provisions were gone. "Here we met a lot of Snake Indians who had dried buffalo meat. I traded my butcher knife for a large bunch of it, in layers of fat and lean. This carried me to Platte River (North Branch) where there were many Oregon Emigrants waiting to be ferried across the booming river. I took an active part in getting their stock across and received about a bushel of cornmeal for it, which served me for the remainder of the trip. "There were twenty wagons in our company under direction of Captain Shadrack Roundy. Fortunately my rifle brought some meat, an antelope, sage hens, rabbits, and when we met the Oregon emigrants, I invested my last fifty cents given me a year before by my mother who told me to keep it until a time of need. For this I got about a half bushel of cornmeal which made me happy for awhile--plenty of corn cake and buffalo meat. "At North Platte, we found some of our folks ferrying Oregon Emigrants across the River on the Pioneer ferryboat of the year before. I herded cows and got some milk and bacon and lived fat while there for five days. "We could hear nothing of our emigration company, as there was no mail route those days. We started down by Laramie and kept on until at last we met the first company, that of Lorenzo Snow, fifteen miles below Chimney Rock--seven weeks from the Valley. Our food was entirely gone except a little dirty, gritty buffalo meat that had been dried in our wagon while traveling --not very palatable. Well, when we met this company we expected to all be invited to eat and be merry and most of them were, except five or six of us boys, rusty looking of course, but powerful hungry--my stomach was rubbing on my backbone and my feet were heavy as lead. I passed up one side and down the other of those hundred wagons as they were in Camp Circle form and found only two men that I ever knew. They never offered me anything to eat, but I learned that my father and mother and all the family were in the next company behind, so about sundown, six of us boys started to find a more congenial company. "A large sandridge intervened and some of us being almost famished, had to move slowly, resting often, and finally near twelve o'clock we came upon Capt. William Perkins' Camp where a dance was going on right on the green sod." (5) ************ As far as James's beans family at Winter Quarters was concerned, they had enough supplies to last them a year and a half. The sickness had abated, and preparations were being made to be part of the 1848 migration. While in this area, James Bean had been involved in community affairs, signing, with many others, a petition dated 20 January 1848, requesting [that] a post office be established in the Government Purchase, of the "Pottawattamie" in Iowa with Evan M. Green as postmaster. He was to receive mail semi-weekly. Early in June of 1848 James Bean and his group began their long awaited journey west. They were part of the First Division of Immigrants to leave from the Elkhorn River to go west under Brigham Young. In this First Division John D. Lee was over one group of fifty and the James Bean family made up part of a group of ten under the command of Captain Daniel Miller. The whole First Division consisted of: 1229 people, 397 wagons, 19 mules, 1275 oxen, 699 cows, 184 loose cattle, 411 sheep, 141 pigs, 605 chickens, 37 cats, 82 dogs, 3 goats, 10 geese, 2 hives of bees, 8 doves and one crow. (Can you imagine the technicalities of moving this large group?) The Bean Family were reunited with George W. at midnight near the Platte River. "Brother William H. Dame of the William Perkins' Camp was on guard and escorted me (George W.) to my father's wagons where all were in bed, and it was some time before my weak famished voice could be heard by the sleepers. They were all surprised, not hearing from or expecting me. I soon had some nourishment and happy times followed. Father and all asked questions faster than I could answer them, while mother's joyful tears bathed my hands as she held me so close to her." (6) George W. distributed his teams and outfit as per order, and had plenty of leisure on the rest of the journey. He was able to supply the Camp with buffalo and other meat because he was an extra hand. His knowledge of the route was also of advantage to their group. "A general Counsel was given that the large companies might divide up into twenties, or tens, so that they could travel through the Black Hills with more comfort and find better room for camping. At this time I urged our Captain of Ten, Daniel Miller, to start early of mornings and get as far to the head of the Emigration as possible, so we would find better feed, roads and more game. Captain Miller had 22 wagons in his Ten and a lot of resolute men and we were soon almost in the lead of all. We moved on very successfully, had good hard roads, and plenty of game. "After crossing Weber River and going into Camp one evening in the early days of September, 1848, a messenger came into Camp with instructions for all the Companies to stop at Weber until President Young came up. This we could not very well fulfill for we were already past the stopping place and did not wish to turn back and wait several weeks. After much consultation together and with the messenger, we decided to go on the remaining thirty-five miles and get to work preparing for the winter and as far as I ever learned, it was all right with the Authorities." (7) According to John D. Lee, he saw it differently. He felt many people were anxious to hurry on to the valley, and on 19 July broke the train up. Miller and Bean were specifically named as doing this in his journal. The reason being that they were anxious to get on and leave the slower ones behind. "Though they had been lectured about leaving 'your brethren in distress' they persisted in heading west. They had twenty two wagons, therefore they had more than all the rest of the fifty they were traveling with, so they felt they could travel 20-25 miles a day. Thus he seems to hold Bean and Miller responsible for breaking a cardinal rule of emigration: Never split the wagon train. "Brigham Young, who had wintered in the Midwest, was also on his way back to Utah, and when he learned that the group of ten had left, according to John D. Lee, he was furious. He stopped the company that was left behind and gave a tongue lashing to those less considerate brethren. Young said that "he was the Boss of these Prairies and would dictate the terms and see that the poor were not left behind," adding that many of the ones who had left had yokes of cattle belonging to the Church in addition to their own, while many of those persons left behind had no yokes at all. "This is not equality, neither is it bearing each others burden," he exclaimed. "I am as willing to pull you out of the mud and pick you up on the plains and help as any other man, but I am not willing to have you go ahead with more team and what is necessary, like Daniel Miller and James Bean, who though they got help from the valley, rushed on and left the weak for me to drag along," and then he exclaimed, "they shall be cursed and you will see it!" (From the Journal of John D. Lee, who assiduously copied Brigham's words down). The Miller/Bean train arrived on the top of Big Mountain with a view of their destination. They stopped at the mouth of Emigration Canyon on 20 September and were surrounded by hundreds of valley residents who came to look through the train for friends and relatives. Elizabeth Bean was looking for her daughter, Sarah, and George W. soon found her, bringing her to the family, which led to a tearful and happy reunion! In the Salt Lake Valley, the James Bean family continued to be part of the John D. Lee Company, as was also Heber C. Kimball, Parley P. Pratt, John Young, and many others. "Well, what is our sixteen year old man going to do with us now?", James Bean questioned his young son, George. Then he learned that they would stay with the Caspers on their Mill Creek farm. The six miles to the Casper residence seemed longer than the entire journey to mother, Elizabeth. Casper and George Bean had planted corn and a garden before George went east to meet his parents. The men folks were soon busy in the canyon taking out logs for a shelter while living in the shanty lean-to they had added to Casper's home. A sawmill was in operation nearby which made it possible for the Beans to have a home of their own before too long. It was located near a spring by the side of the road between Mill Creek and Big Cottonwood. Casper had saved some corn from the crickets that had struck that spring and raised and harvested 35 bushels of buckwheat. He and his father-in-law put up a wooden-roller cane mill and made molasses from their cornstalks. With the buckwheat cakes and fat beef they survived the winter without starving though some of the emigrants scarcely escaped the lean winter of 1848-49. The beef was from some of the oxen that had pulled them across the plains. 1. George W. Bean Autobiography:37, (1945) - Flora B. Horne 2. G.W. Bean Autobiography:38 - Horne - 1945 3. George W. Bean Autobiography:38 (1945) Flora B. Horne 4. G.W. Bean Autobiography:39 - Horne - 1945 5. IBID:39-41 - Flora B. Horne 6. IBID:41 7. IBID:41-42 Part 5 Provo, Utah Early in 1849 thirty to thirty five families, numbering 150 persons, were called to go south from Salt Lake into Provo Valley to settle the area. James Bean was among those called by President Brigham Young. This initial group was placed under the direction of John S. Higbee and was composed mostly of men and boys. Alexander Williams, who taught the Gospel to the Beans in Illinois, was among these first settlers. The land to be settled was near Utah Lake, and unknown to the would-be settlers, was the traditional fishing and hunting ground for the Timpanogos Indians. On April 1, 1849, this advance group was met by an Indian as they came into the valley and within about three miles of Provo River. He would not let them pass until after they had a great discussion. While the Indian went back to get other Indians, the Mormons stopped and made camp. James Bean and his sons, George W. and James A., caught a fat crane which they stewed for supper to celebrate George's birthday. After getting an agreement from the Indians, the settlers decided to settle on the south side of the river. In early May the rest of the group (wives and children along with others) came, bringing their farming implements, provisions, seed, forty teams and other livestock, which consisted mostly of oxen, cows and a few more horses. They were instructed to settle quietly in the valley, be cautious and patient with the Indians and to live with them in peace. (1) A fort was built immediately to provide housing and protection for the new settlers. A six-pounder cannon was later installed on a bastion within the fort. (Fig. 39) This structure "measured 20 by 40 rods, It was rectangular in shape and consisted of individual log houses built just a few feet apart, with entrances facing the center. Between the houses tall pickets fourteen feet high that were imbedded into the ground fashioned a sturdy outside wall to protect the settlers. In each house were two cloth covered windows. Entrance gates were located at both the west end and the southeast corner of the fort. In one corner was a corral where the cattle were kept at night. Within the corral was a guard house. The box elder logs used for construction came from an island where the river made a fork. By the middle of May, when the fort was completed, the people laid out 225 Acres of land and apportioned it to the families. James Bean took squatters rights on property up the River a mile or so and north of the river ford. Plan to provide irrigation for gardens and crops was formulated almost immediately. George W. is reported to have dug the very first irrigation ditch at this time. The land was turned over with crude plows and seeds were planted. Although it was springtime the settlers had great difficulty. Heavy spring snowfall on the 23 of May followed by a severe frost worked against them. And while they were waiting for their wheat to sprout they were cut off from the Salt Lake Valley by extremely high waters in the Provo River. It was almost a year before crops got a good start. Needless to say, there were some hungry times for those early colonizers. (2) Though the site selected for the original fort where the Provo River and a small stream flowing southward afforded them protection from the swarms of "Mormon" crickets infesting the northern bench lands, they soon found that the annual spring flooding of the Provo River, inundated their grain fields. (3) Early and late frosts plagued the growth of the crops. On March 18, 1849, the little colony was organized as a branch of the Church having Elder Orson Hyde as President and Isaac Higbee and Dimick B. Huntington as counselors. "It being Sabbath on the 27 May, the settlers commenced the administration of re-baptism into the Church in conformity with the example set by the parent colony on the arrival of the pioneers in the Great Salt Lake Valley, and generally followed in the various colonies founded. This action, of course, was ecclesiastical in its nature, but had a civil function as well. "It must be remembered that the whole scheme of colonization had its origin in the Latter-day-Saint Church, and that the regular ecclesiastical organizations were made to function in civil capacity in the various settlements until city charters were granted by the Legislature. The re-baptism of the Provo settlers, therefore, was not a religious reformation among the people but an ecclesiastical method of bringing the new colony under perfect organizations politically as well as religiously." (4) By July, the first harvesting of the wheat began with Captain Peter W. Conover being the first. He took it to Salt Lake City to be milled at the grist mill at Mill Creek. This made possible the first bread making in some time and was greatly relished. There was a remarkable feature that attended this first grain harvest. About an hour after the grain had been cut, a heavy fall rain occurred, lasting two hours. Then it cleared up suddenly and the sun came out bright and clear. The rain and sunshine caused the grain seed that had fallen to the ground, to sprout again and a second crop was raised that year. (5) Precarious but peaceable relations were maintained with the Indians until about August, of this first year. One of the objectives of sending colonizations into Utah Valley was to "Teach the Indians civilization" said Brigham Young. He proposed to educate them, teach them to produce crops of grain and to treat them kindly and help them when help was needed. (6) One major problem in dealing with the Indians was of a continuing shift of attitudes toward the settlers. At times they were friendly. In fact the young people of both races played games and enjoyed competitive horse-racing. Even Chief Walker, invited the Mormons to move southward into Utah Valley. Temporarily the Indians would appear peaceful, but suddenly a distinct attitude changed this friendliness to vicious fighting. (7) One incident, and there were others similar to this, then occurred which would eventually lead to the Indian War between the settlers and the Indians which lasting from 1850 to 1855 when Chief Walker died. A Peace Treaty was made between Chief Walker and Brigham Young in 1954 but skirmishes continued until the Chief's death. This story was later related to Brigham Young by James Bean though he was not a participant, so we follow the account given by our progenitor. Richard A. Ivie, Rufus Stoddard, and Jerome Zabriskie met an Indian in the fields who was called "Old Bishop." Ivie noticed that the Indian was sporting a "hickory shirt" -- and claimed that it was his and demanded it back. The Indian refused and the argument led to a struggle. The old Indian, to defend himself, took his bow in hand, only to be shot dead by Stoddard. Nervous about the consequences, the white men dragged the body of the Indian to the Provo River, disemboweled him and loaded him down with rocks to sink him, near Box Elder Island. The Indians, missing Old Bishop, discovered the body, and knew that the white men were involved. They began to retaliate by stealing from the settlers and killing their cattle and horses. The settlers then banned the Indians from the settlement. Tensions accelerated. Guards were posted at night and armed herdsman on horseback kept the stock by day. As a post script to the murder, the Indians say that annually on the anniversary of his death, Old Bishop appears on the banks of the river, and slowly takes the rocks one by one out of his bowels and throws them into the river, then disappears for another year. Brigham Young recorded in his journal that "some fishermen have watched in hopes of having an interview with Old Bishop's ghost." While these problems were occurring, James Bean was working on his farm and building a double log cabin, the first to be built outside the fort. It faced the river. "Logs were cut in Provo Canyon floated down the stream and snaked off gravel bars with oxen. The thrifty settlers permitted no waste. The bark was peeled from the cottonwood logs and sent to the tannery. The demand for shoes exceeded the supply, and it became necessary to turn out half-tanned leather, which expanded in wet weather and shrank uncomfortably in dry. They matched well with the buckskin trousers frequently worn, and the socks made from old wagon covers." (8) Gradually as time went on more permanent shelters for homes were made from adobe bricks. James Bean and the Clarks were the first to put the proposed irrigation plan into effect. They tapped the Provo River and dug the second irrigation ditch as George is reported to have dug the first earlier. This latter was known as the "Bean ditch". (9) "The sisters made about all the clothing there was to be had; carding, spinning and weaving all done by hand and every improvement was a blessing, no finishing machines except the ladies fingers." (10) Trading done with emigrants passing through on their way to California proved to be a blessing in many regards as they brought with them goods and supplies not yet prevalent or even available in the settlement. . "Although these emigrants had enriched the colony to some extent, poverty was still their bedfellow. Oliver B. Huntington tells of one elder called from the congregation to speak who had on neither coat, shoes or socks, and he spoke with much power of the Holy Spirit. We felt it no shame because it was the best we could do...I went to dances in private houses where there was no floor but the ground, and no splendor but bright cheerful, honest faces.. We needed no money then to pay extravagant fiddler bills..We could pay for our admission to a party in wheat, flour, oats, corn, potatoes, squashes, molasses, beets or anything the people wanted to eat or wear...In those days we all met on a level and parted on the square...We never heard of burglaries, hold-ups or suicides. We never had heard or thought of bankruptcy or gambling in stocks." (11) A militia was organized and Brigham Young called Orrin Porter Rockwell and George W. Bean to go on a mission of peace and friendship to the Indians. But, these actions did not permanently alleviate the problems. By September, President Brigham Young came to visit and decided that a new fort where the present Sowiette Park is now located (on fifth north and fifth west in Provo) was chosen and begun. A square mile to form the heart of the City was also chosen. Blocks of four acres each were surveyed and platted and these were divided into eight lots of half an acre each reserving the center block of four acres for a chapel and school house. The streets were to be five rods wide. (12) James Bean's lots were numbers 112 and 113 on the north end just inside where the mud wall was later constructed. (Fig. 40) (Sowiette was an Indian who befriended the settlers on numerous occasions against the actions of Chief Walker and his braves.) A terrible accident occurred in the fort on 1 September, 1849. A man named William Dayton was killed while young George Bean was temporarily blinded. His left arm was horribly mangled and amputated just three and a half inches below the elbow. The two men were loading up the cannon and shooting it without being as careful as they should have been. As a result the cannon blew up. So many slivers were recovered from George's body that over two hundred were counted and saved in a fruit jar. He suffered great pain and later wondered how he ever stood it. Beef tea was his nourishment because he could not chew. His eyes and face were completely scabbed over and he could not see. Mother Bean cared for him as best she could, doing everything possible to ease his pain and give him comfort. The doctor visited daily. Faithful friends came by and Priesthood blessings were given. The days were long and the nights even longer as every inch of his body suffered. He prayed so hard to die. The future looked pretty dark. About three weeks after the accident, three Prophets of the Lord came to the Bean home, President Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and Willard Richards. (Fig. 41) After visiting with mother Bean while James was changing from his farm clothes, the three brethren laid their hands upon George's head and pronounced a special healing blessing upon this eighteen year old young man. The next day the scales fell from his eyes and he saw the glorious light. He felt that his life had been spared for some righteous purpose. (13) The Bean family was affected spiritually and emotionally by this experience. Their faith was strengthened and vindicated after all they had done. Many tears of rejoicing were shed by Mother Bean, and her heart, which had agonized for her suffering son, over long weeks, as she ministered to his needs, was now filled with great thanksgiving. It was a happy father who witnessed his son returning to his normal self. "Through these times of hard work and troubled relations with the Indians, life went on. They continued to work, farm, eat and socialize. They even held parties. Occasionally without shoes, they gathered on the dirt floors of private homes to enjoy rousing dances. For lights they [stuck] their knives between the chinks of the logs in the cabin walls and placed candles on the knives. Someone always had a fiddle handy and there was gay laughter, music and good fellowship." (14) Snow fell in Provo in the winter of 1849-50 nearly two feet deep and stayed late. Men had to go down in the bottoms below the fort and shovel the snow into piles and leave bare spots so that stock could forage for food. A guard was necessary while they worked and each night the cattle had to be corralled for safeties sake. On 31 January 1850, the general assembly of Deseret named the community for the first time "Provo", and declared the town to be the county seat of the newly created Utah County. Indian problems continued to get more serious. Although some of them spent time with George teaching him the Indian language during his recovery, by January 1850, skirmishes between the Indians and settlers were becoming more and more frequent. The first big fight resulted in one man being killed and several more wounded. Survival of the Fort Utah Settlement was very important because it demonstrated the practicality of colonization of the rest of Utah Valley. The Beans and Cluffs settled on the river north above town as also did the Barnes. James and sons had partially built a log house on this property which was later bought by James Addison from his father. It was about a quarter of a mile north and east of the bridge over the river. The Indians at one time got control of this house which gave them an advantage. Several of the Saints were killed or wounded in this skirmish. A canon ball through the Bean cabin routed the Indians who left when night came, leaving the cabin in ruin. As spring progressed the fort, stockade and log houses were moved to drier ground. This first area had been too wet. By the end of the year the second fort was completed and was able to accommodate the increase in population. In the spring of 1851, Provo City was organized, and in April, officers were appointed, with James Bean appointed as supervisor of streets and his son George as recorder. The first Ordinance enacted by the first Session of the City Council set forth that every able bodied male citizen over the age of eighteen residing within the limits of the city should work one day on the public roads when called on by the supervisor provided that he did not call upon any one man more than two days in any one year. The penalty for refusal was the payment of a $2 fine." (15) During this time James Bean was improving his farm and built a new cabin. George taught school in the Bean home in the fort. (See Fig. 39) A sawmill and a grist mill were now in operation. A Census was taken which showed that in Utah County there were 1125 males, 880 females, a total of 2095 persons living in the valley. In March of this year James Bean served on the Grand Jury. The family of William McKee Fausett arrived in Provo and settled by the river, calling their place "Fausett Field". The story of this family will fit into the Bean story when a Faced-daughter becomes the wife of James Addison. (Fig. 42) We only have minute glimpses of the rest of the life of James Bean. On 19 May 1852, James and his son, James Addison, along with others subscribed to a proposition to bring George A. Smith to live in Provo, in order to have a General Authority in their midst. (See Fig. 34) "To the Presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day-Saints: Your petitioners doth humbly pray that the Presidency may take into consideration the propriety of some different regulations at this Stake of Zion, that the place may be built up. With the present regulations it seems to be at a dead stand, for we truly feel as if we had not the encouragement necessary to build public buildings or even private ones, for we consider that those who should be foremost in building up the place, have deserted us and moved out of the city to make them fine farms, etc. Of the Church Authorities not one single one lives in the city but Bishop Blackburn is building, so there is a prospect of one. Of the city authorities out of fifteen, there are two aldermen and three counselors in the city and of policeman five only live in the city out of fifteen. Post office among the missing. Your petitioners are desirous for the welfare of this place and felt in duty bound to ask you to take into consideration our circumstances, and if it is consistent we would be heartily glad if George A. Smith could be appointed to take the lead of matters here, and if so we feel sanguine in the belief that it would meet with a universal approbation, and we feel disposed to contribute liberally towards building him a house and other improvements provided that he would come here. The matter is submitted to your honors and we humbly beseech you to take such steps as you think expedient and your petitioners will ever pray." (16) In 1852 Provo boasted of having two hotels, a school house, two small forts, two grist mills, a pottery, three cabinet shops, a sash factory, a wooden bowl factory, three shoemakers, two tailor shops, a meat market, two stores and two lime kilns. In July Brigham Young and three apostles come to the city to organize the city into five wards. On August 5, James was called to be a counselor to Bishop Faced of the newly organized Provo Fifth Ward. He was ordained a High Priest on 15 August by George A. Smith. The new ward encompassed a farming district lying north of the Provo City survey and extending eastward to the mountains and west to the river. In 1853 this area was vacated on account of Indian trouble and the ward was absorbed into the Fourth Ward under Bishop William M. Wall. A tithing record was kept from the beginning. Each man's property was inventoried and appraised. Then one tenth of that value was charged. Most people responded by giving something, such as cows, steers, etc. James Bean gave a yoke of oxen valued at $80.00. His name continued to appear regularly on the Tithing roll of the Fourth Ward through the succeeding years. The winter of 1852-3 was a hard one again but people had better shelter, wood was handy and there was food to eat. (17) The following is given as an example of the prices of articles about this time: ordinary cook stove $75 - $150, glass ice box $30-36, letter paper $100 per quire, shirting 30c a yard, Kentucky jeans $1.25, cotton flannel 40 cents, calico 25-50 cents, wheat $1.00 bushel. (18) During the spring and summer the war with Indian Chief Walker of the Ute tribe continued off and on.(Fig. ) James Bean served as an interpreter in some of the conferences with the Indians as did his sons George W. and James Addison. "Two events took place in 1853 which greatly excited the Indians and hostilities worsened. One time, a group of Indians came begging for some food from Mrs. Young and threatened her with a gun. The Indian holding the gun accidently shot one of his own companions, and the Indians ascribed the deed to the whites. "In the second incident, an Indian squaw approached James Ivie at his house and asked him to give her some flour in exchange for some fish. As they were trading, the squaw's husband, in company with some others, rode up to them. Angry with his woman either for trading with the white man at all, or for not getting a good bargain, he lashed out at her, beating and kicking her. Ivie tried to stop him, which made an accompanying Indian angry enough to draw out his bow and arrow. Ivie grabbed the arrow and hit the Indian on the head with his gun. Ivie's blow was fatal, for later the Indian died in camp. Although the whites had tried to make peace with gifts, Walker's Indians were very angry. On July 18, they killed a guard at Fort Payson which caused a full blown war with the settlers. "A letter from Brigham Young to Chief Walker tried to dissuade him, "I send you some tobacco to smoke in the mountains when you get lonesome. You are a fool for fighting your best friends, for we are the best friends, and the only friends, that you have in the world. Everybody else would kill you if they could get a chance.' The fighting mushroomed into the fall. "In Provo one of the most belligerent Indians was one named Squash who claimed that his brother had been buried by the people without Indian traditions. Angry, Squash demanded payment in blankets and cattle. Not being able to pay him right away, the settlers tried to appease him but he would not be appeased. The Indians were angry when the settlers put Squash in prison, where he died shortly afterward. Some say that a guard killed him. Some believe he killed himself." (19) Isaac Baum, a cousin of George's, had this to say about George W. and the influence he had with the Indians: "Lieutenant Colonel George W. Bean was one of the most honorable men I ever knew. The Indians knew it and always called for 'Poorets' to interpret when any trouble arose. 'He talks straight', they said, with their appropriate gesture. I was with him in Springville when Chief Walker declared War. George with Bishop Johnson and A.K.Thurber, pled with the Indians for days, or there never would have been a Government official to tell a biased story or an Indian to sign a Treaty with them." (20) As a result of the Walker War a large mud wall was begun around the City of Provo, it being six feet at the base and two feet at the top and to be twelve feet high. This was to give better protection to the inhabitants of the city limits against Indian tirades and such. This was a heavy tax on the citizens and as the fighting died down, progress was slow. It was never completely finished. (21) This year James was again called to serve as counselor to Bishop Faced who had replaced Bishop Wall of the Fourth Ward. Isaac Baum was the other counselor. Bishop Wall had been called on a mission overseas. James served until 1857 when he was released because of poor health. (See Fig. 42) George W. Bean served as Ward Clerk. It was while serving in this capacity that he became acquainted with Elizabeth Baum, who would become his future wife. The Fourth Ward had no regular meeting place until 1860. They assembled in boweries or arbors in the summer and in private homes in the winter. The ward consisted of 37 Seventies, 23 High Priest, 20 Elders, 8 Priests, 7 teachers, 167 members at this time. Three members were on missions. Two joyful occasions occurred for the Bean family in 1853. On the 6 January, George Washington took for a bride, Elizabeth Baum and on February 10, James Addison and Harriet Catherine Faced, daughter of Bishop Faced, were married by George A. Smith in Provo. (22)(Fig. 43) Following is a description of a marriage in Provo by George W. "On one occasion I sallied forth to witness solemnization of the marriage nuptials; when I arrived the major part of the guests were there and all were in breathless expectation of the arrival of the minister, who was to perform the ceremony. At precisely seven minutes past two, himself and lady made their appearance, the loving couple stood up and were made one in the holy bans of wedlock, and then such kissing Oh! it was enough to set a fellows mouth all in a pucker. And then...came on the supper the tables loaded down with pies, cakes, sweetmeats and all kinds of luxury after stuffing and cramming our stomachs, and pockets, a little before sundown we adjourned to our several homes leaving the young and blushing bride and her mate to enjoy the sweets of cannubial bliss that fall to their lot in this world of trouble." Brigham Young makes a peace treaty with Chief Walker in the Spring of 1854 which eased the problems with the Indians. It took the death of the Chief the next year before real peace was possible. Many lives had been lost on both sides. March 2, James was a member of one of the Seventies Quorum. "A relief train consisting of ox teams and provision was sent to the immigrating saints on the plains under the direction of Andrew Jensen. Much suffering especially in the Scandinavian company, on account of the loss of their oxen was found. They were given 100 sacks of flour which had been donated from Provo Valley." (23) The grasshopper plague was bad this year. April 6, 1855 James Addison and George Washington Bean accept calls to go to Las Vegas on missions. The object of which was to teach the Indians the blessings of peace and industry, honesty, and kindred principles. This meant leaving their wives of two years and a young child each. James Addison's wife was also expecting her second child. As an example of how the men called on missions tried to provide for their families in their absence is that of George W. who relates that he bought up a bin full of wheat and some land for his wife before leaving on his mission to Las Vegas. They had several cows and some cash so he felt he could leave, knowing that they would be well taken care of. "Spring opened under more favorable circumstances; still many of he saints went without the comforts of life. Provisions were very high. Sugar, for instance, was worth a dollar a pound. In August a memorable blessing was given to the people of the city, in the shape of a hard white substance found upon the leaves of the young cottonwood trees. They shook off this substance, which was very sweet, into tubs of water and boiled it down, without process, when it congealed into sugar, about the color of our common brown sugar. The saints of Provo made between 3-4 thousand pounds of this kind of sugar. They considered it a gift from God and they freely paid tithing on it. Brigham Young who received some 333 pounds of this sugar at the tithing office declared it sugar from the Lord. (also Manna sugar) (24) The grasshoppers bad in 1854, were overwhelming in 1855. The sky was literally black with insects. After devouring the first crops, they seemed to simply wait until the people planted again, and then returned to devour the second crop. (25) Women and children took blankets and tablecloths out into the fields and beat the grain to save just a little for themselves. (26) George A. Smith reported: "About two thirds of the grain in Utah County is destroyed and a large black bug is devouring the potatoes. All farms south are nearly a desert. Nevertheless he reflected a little later; It is good there is something to try the Saints or the sieve would not have its cleansing effect as it now does." (27) Another historian reports that in addition to the grasshopper scourge the bitter cold and high drifting snows of the winter completed the work of devastation. Cattle everywhere died of cold and starvation. (28) Many stories of those times are told by persons living in the City: "John E. Milner had put his city lot in wheat and fowls played on it til it looked as if they would take it all, and it was a question of whether they should be killed. I fancy I hear someone say, Why were they not shut up? The reply would be that they would starve to death, for when people have scarcely anything for themselves you may depend upon it there is not much for chickens. The grasshopper came again and lo the chickes, by eating goodly numbers and frightening off others, saved quite a portion of the crop of wheat. You may be sure that crop was well garnered: the cradle, the sickle and the gleaners saved it. When thrashed, it was taken to mill with foresight. The flour carefully put in a box and the box was locked, the key put in Mr. Milners pocket. That precious chest was carefully watched and every morning the days short rations taken out. "Many people besides the Milner family received bounties from that treasury. When solicitations were made they were modest ones and limited to just enough flour to hold the bran together. "One day Brother Milner was away from home, the key in his pocket. Thomas Hickins family had a sick boy. His sister Lizzie went to the Milner home on behalf of the boy and asked for a few spoonfuls of flour to make a little gruel for him. The days rations had been used. The box was locked. Sister Milner was able to give sympathy only. Lizzie, disappointed, with tears in her eyes, remarked: "Oh, how I wish I could get in that box." Then hit the lid a smart blow with her hand, when lo the lid flew open, quickly she dipped the little bucket in the flour and hastily ran home, made the boy his gruel and the little fellow got well. "The next morning at ration time Brother Milner produced his key and unlocked the box. At once he detected the marks of the bucket and demanded an explanation. It was satisfactorily given. Finally barley harvest came and with it relief. Brother Milner assures me that he is satisfied that more flour came out of that box than he ever put in it." (29) On the 27 December, Mary Elizabeth, last living daughter of James and Elizabeth Bean, was married to Amos Whitcomb Haws of Provo. They made their home in the city. (Fig. 44) Perhaps the Church leaders felt that a rededication to the Lord would help to improve the trying circumstances. They initiate a new reformation in the hopes of inciting the people to live a more disciplined and religious way of life. (30) A time of consecration took place. In January of 1856, James and Elizabeth consecrated their property to the Church. This included all property in Lots 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8 of Provo Survey, one span horse, two wagons and harnesses, five cows, five heifers, two pigs, farming tools, $18 cash on hand, 30 bushels of wheat and corn, household furniture, beds, bedding. Total Value $1494. Because news had arrived from the south that Nancy Bean Decker was quite ill, Elizabeth Bean decided in February 1856 to travel with the Brigham Young train heading in that direction to visit her daughter. She lived in Parawan, Iron County, Utah. The loving care of mother Bean and the blessings of the brethren bought about her recovery. At the October Conference of 1856, President Young called for teams and men to go out to meet the Handcart Companies. This call met with ready response in the valley. Hundreds of men and teams took flour and food, etc. to them. In November Mr. Follet and George W. took a four-mule team to Salt Lake City and helped bring one hundred forty one of the sick and frozen emigrants to Provo where they stayed with the members until they could go it alone. Many came with frozen feet and hands, hungry and destitute. As an example of the care rendered, George W. opened his home to a man who lived with them for some time. The saints of the two cities, Provo and Salt Lake City, had difficulty sustaining them however, because of two bad years of crops and the scarcity of supplies. It is to their credit though that they helped where they could in sharing what little they had. A typical story is that of Samuel Jones' wife, who for lunch one day brought him a small piece of bacon and some greens, the promised bread missing. When he asked her about it, she burst into tears, admitting she had been so hungry she had eaten it on the way. The young couple cried together in each others arms. (31) The spring of 1857 brought a call for further reformation after repentance and rebaptism. Forgiveness was exercised and notwithstanding their many afflictions, there was a joyous feeling among the people. (32) A bounteous harvest brought rejoicing - though food was plentiful, clothing was scarce. Many a petticoat was cut up to make a solders jacket for the company of men called to go to Echo Canyon to meet the U.S. Forces. The severity of the winter caused undue suffering for the soldiers also. During 1857 and 58, about 30,000 people from the Salt Lake Valley came to Utah County and Provo before the coming of Johnson's Army. Many took refuge in the local homes; a large tent was set up in the center of the public square in Provo where Brigham Young and others kept offices and a storehouse. When the summer became hot, the water grew bad, and the crowded quarters became uncomfortable. (33) A Mr. Farr writes, ".....we had to dig holes to get water, and the people began to complain of sickness. The feed had also been all eaten off by the cattle, our cows dried up, flies were very bad tormenting our cattle, and it was with great difficulty that we controlled our stock from running off." (34) By the 30 June 1858 Brigham Young had finished negotiations with the Army and the people were able to return to Salt Lake City. Provo Canyon road was built this year at the cost of nearly $20,000. James A. Bean had a $1000 contract to aid in the opening of that road. Nancy Bean Decker and young son, Zechariah Bruyn Decker, Jr. made a trip to Provo and Elizabeth Lewis Bean accompanied them on to Salt Lake City where they all attended General Conference along with the Caspers. Young Zechariah was only eight years old at the time but drove the team from Parawan to Provo. On the way they camped overnight at the Sevier River Bridge where Indians sometimes stole things. Just two months earlier three men had been killed just a little north of there. Nancy was very wakeful and about three or four o'clock in the morning, their horses came to camp on the run, hobbled with chain hobbles and snorting furiously. This commotion awakened the whole camp consisting of about sixteen other people. They were all out and soon on their way before the sun arose. (35) In 1860 Provo Fourth Ward School house was built and was used for church until 1866 when a chapel was constructed. The entire cost of the building and grounds at that time was $7,076.56 and was located on First East and Second North. Religious activities were provided for every day in the week. "On the Sabbath preaching, Sabbath evening, prayer meeting, Monday evening, singing school; Tuesday evening, lyceum; Wednesday evening, Seventies meeting; Thursday, prayer meeting; Friday evening, spelling school and on Saturday evening, the lesser (Aaronic) priesthood and day school." (36) The winters of 1861-2 were unusually mild but the people of the city suffered nevertheless for want of fuel. Utah Lake did not freeze over, thus preventing the settlers from crossing the lake to get the juniper wood and cedar they depended upon for fuel. Heavy rains had washed out the newly built $20,000 Provo canyon road in several places. In 1863 William Fuller wrote to some English Saints of the fullness of life to be found here: "I have now a cow, a yearling calf, 4 sheep, 2 pigs in the pen and a fat one on the shelf, enough potatoes or more to last me till they come in again, about 20 gallons of molasses, chickens almost out of number and if I stay...I shall fence in about 3 acres and plant my orchard this spring and get some 2-3 acres of hay land and then put up my house which is already paid for..Being isolated from civilization, we have not enough modern vices to attract the vile in heart and withal being united by one faith, we have not enough dissension for modern greatness to flounder in, so here we are in peace and amnity, contented as "Mormons" led and ruled by our father through B. Young, his chiefton upon earth." In his middle age, James Bean accepted the practice of polygamy. On 5 February 1857, he was married in Brigham Young's office, Salt Lake City, to Amelia Ann Thomas Huntington Jarvis, a young English convert, who was born 29 July 1821, in Hereford, Herefordshire, England. He was fifty-three, she was thirty-six. She seems to have been twice a widow with two (or possibly three) children. This marriage was not a congenial one, she left him and James wrote to Brigham Young, asking for a divorce, in 1858, which was granted. The letter reads as follows: "Provo, Feb 6th 1858 Pres: Brigham Young Dear brother, My wife Amelia demands a Bill of Divorce. She is very headstrong and violent, will not obey my counsel in anything, and defies my authority in every way, in short she manifests an apostate spirit. If you are willing to grant us a Bill please give me an answer by the bearer. Your brother James Bean Brother D. Calder granted the d[i]v[o]rse Brigham Young." This plural marriage lasted only a year. After the divorce, she had a baby girl who was always known as Maggie Bean. Maggie married a Mr. Porter. (See Appendix #2 for additional information on Amelia.) This seems to indicate Amelia may not have had a proper release from her former husband or who knows what other complications might have been involved. On 1 November 1864, his first wife, Elizabeth Lewis Bean, died. George Bean wrote of her that "she had been such a sustaining power of wisdom and intelligence to her family and many sought her counsel, that she will be greatly missed." (37) The Deseret News in proper obituary form concurred, noting "she left a large circle to mourn her departure...she truly labored by good words and deeds, and nobly earned the crown of a Mother in Israel." (38) James Bean took a third wife, 14 October 1865, in Salt Lake City, a young Swedish emigrant, Hedvig Magdalena Stormfelt. She was born 11 February 1835, St. Petri, Malmo, Sweden, daughter of Carl Fritz Ulrick Stormfelt and Petronella Christina Ehrenberg. She died 15 December 1870. So they were only together for five years. She did not have any children. She is buried by James and Elizabeth in the Provo City Cemetery. His fourth marriage took place 4 February 1869, in Salt Lake City, when he married Elizabeth Bengta Rosequist, a sixteen year old Swedish convert. She was born 14 May 1853, Svedale, Sweden, daughter of Anders Josefsson Rosequist and Ingrid Hansson Ahl. They were divorced in 1880 ending a plural marriage of one year and a monogynous one of ten years with James. No children came from this union either. On 9 November 1882 she married Alvin Nelson Loveridge and had a family of eight children by him. In 1866 James was a driver for George A. Smith and Erastus Snow to the southern settlements. On July 28, 1867, James Bean and others renew their testimonies of the Gospel. (39) He testified to his belief in Mormonism, and in a meeting where Heber C. Kimball was present, Kimball singled out a few of the "aged Elders" for their faithfulness. Of the four that he mentioned, James Bean headed the list. The homesteading papers for James Bean were signed by his son, James Addison Bean, in October 1869. James A. Bean's affidavit reads in part and tells us the kind of home James lived in: "I, James A. Bean, do solemnly swear that I am well acquainted with James Bean who is a native born citizen of the United States and the head of a family consisting of a wife and five children....that the said James Bean entered upon and made settlement in person on the said land....[and] has erected thereon adobe house 16 x 30 feet with roof, floor, 3 doors and 3 windows and is a comfortable house to live in and has lived in the said house, and made it his exclusive home....and that he has since said settlement ploughed and cultivated about 12 acres of said land and has thereon 80 rods fencing with stable, corral and orchard..." A patent was received July 15, 1870, from the U.S. Government by James Bean for this land and it was recorded in the Utah County Deed Book A:19. On 8 October 1869, James Bean and his daughter did baptism work for their dead relatives, which reveals much about the family. He was baptized for his father, William Bean, his son, William Bean, his grandfather, Garrett Buckalew, father-in-law, James Lewis, and grandfather William Bean, who was born in Ireland. James Bean was a civic-minded member of his community. He served as Indian interpreter, was elected street supervisor, consecrated his property to the church when it was required; served as Bishop's counselor, and served on a grand jury. He was actively involved in the affairs of the community. He was law abiding and honest. His whole life was spent in bettering his surroundings and in building for the future. He was faithful to his wives, even amidst marital difficulties and loved his family. Through out his life he was a good family man, an honorable citizen and an active member of the church. In addition to farming he was also engaged in construction work and mechanics. In May, 1878, he and his fourth wife, Elizabeth, were in St. George doing work in the temple for deceased relatives on the Lewis and Buckalew lines along with his daughter, Nancy B. Decker, and his grandson, James Bean Decker. At this time he was also sealed to Matilda Hull, deceased, wife Elizabeth standing as proxy. James died 30 June 1882, Provo, Utah, of lung disease. His obituary says that he had "been an active pioneer the greater portion of his life, faithful to his profession as a member of the Church, living a good, honorable life." He died intestate and his estate was settled in 1896 and his heirs listed. On the 25 September 1885, George W. and wife Elizabeth in the St. George Temple stand as proxy for James Bean (deceased) in sealing him to Cynthia Lewis deceased sister of his deceased wife Elizabeth Lewis. (This practice was permitted at that time but later abolished.) Children: surname BEAN (Fig. 45) i. William, born 29 July 1825, Lincoln County, Missouri, died 17 March 1842 in Illinois, unmarried. ii. Nancy, born 14 December 1826, West Troy, Lincoln, Missouri, married (1) Thomas J. Williams, by whom she had one daughter, Nancy Elizabeth, later known as Mary Elizabeth. Fern Ellis in her book "our Decker Forefathers:24" gives us the following: "Thomas J. Williams was a school teacher who came to Mendon, Illinois about 1841. He obtained living quarters at the Bean home. He took a liking to young Nancy Bean and sought her hand in marriage which took place 4 September 1842. Nancy would have been 16 years old at this time. Williams resented the church and especially his wife being a member. She could not give up her hew found faith and he refused to go to nauvoo with the Saints and accept the Gospel. This resulted in a separation and divorce. He was given custody of the baby girl whom he took to Warsaw, Illinois where she grew up and later married a man by the name of Porter Walker, a wealthy man of that community. They had two children. She lived and died there in Illinois but in her later years she made contact with some of her mother's family and was later sealed in the Salt Lake Temple to her mother and Zachariah B. Decker. Nancy never saw this daughter again. Close family members recalled that when Nancy's baby was about eight months old Nancy was given the option by her husband of rejecting the church and calling it a hoax OR or leaving him within one week. One night she was awakened to find her husband standing over her with a knife, threatening to kill her is she did not renouce the Church. In her fright she jumped out the window and fled, leaving her baby behind. Shortly thereafter a young missionary came to Quincy, Illinois, and met Nancy. He won her heart. She married (2) this man, John Doyle Lee, 4 February 1845, Nauvoo, Illinois. He was born 6 September 1812, Kaskaskia, Randolph, Illinois, son of Ralph and Elizabeth (Doyle) Lee. This marriage for Nancy was a polygamist one as John had a previous wife, Agatha and three small children. Nancy and John were sealed in the Nauvoo Temple 22 December 1845. John D. Lee was a rather cruel and domineering husband. Nancy was a tailoress and often he would demand that she set up all night to finish clothes for him or others. Another time he brought a piece of leather to be made into a jacket for him with an impossible deadline and when it was not completed beat her. Once when lee was sent by Brigham Young to Santa Fe to get the paychecks from the men in the Mormon Battalion Nancy had gone home to her parents (which she did whenever he took traveling expeditions). Usually she was back in his home when he returned. One time she had returned to her parents home and hadn't returned by the time Lee arrived home. James Bean went to him to explain that Nancy and the baby were sick. Lee was upset because she had left without his permission. When she finally did return to his home he was never happy with her again and from that time on the feeling was mutual. On July 19, 1847, Nancy's father came and asked Lee to let Nancy come home and help them because her mother was ill. He did not consent but she went anyway. Later she asked him to let them have a cow to milk for the baby and her sick mother. He refused. They were divorced, 28 February 1848. Fern Ellis states that Nancy had a strong testimony and a mind of her own with a good smattering of spunk that carried her through the trials and tribulations of these two marriages. She kept her testimony and was faithful all her days, truly a woman of unusual great stamina and courage. A daughter, Cornelia E. was born to Nancy in this union. She married (3) 4 October 1849, Salt Lake City, Utah, Zachariah Bruyn Decker, Sr., born 22 June 1817, Shawangunk, Ulster, New York, son of Cornelius Johannes and Gertrude (Bruyn) Decker. He was a member of the Mormon Battalion. While in California he helped to dig the mill race at Sutters Mill at Sacramento where gold had been found. He brought some of it back to Salt Lake City with him and promptly gave it to President Young to be used for the welfare of the Church. While in the Battalion he became acquainted with William W. Casper, husband of Sarah Ann Bean, and through him met her sister, Nancy Bean who had been divorced from John D. Lee earlier that year. They immediately "took" to each other and were married in Salt Lake City the following spring (1849). They lived in the valley until after their first son, Zachariah Bruyn, Jr., was born 11 March 1850. Late in December 1850 they accepted a call to go to the southern part of Utah to pioneer a settlement at Parawan, Iron, Utah. Zachariah went first, then returned later for Nancy who was expecting again. Gertrude was born in Parawan 27 June 1851, but died soon after. He helped in the building of the fort there by hauling dirt with a slab scraper and ox team. He was a very religious man and attended to his church meetings and responsibilities faithfully. He encouraged his children to do likewise. He was honest in payment of tithes and in his dealings with his fellow men. He served many years as a Patriarch there. When a call came for a group to go to the "Hole In The Rock" he took his prize stallion and went along hoping to raise horses in the new settlement. Five of his children and their families were with this group and withstood with honor the rigors of this rugged region. Nancy Bean Decker elected to stay in Parawan. After so many moves, she did not want to sell their farm until the outcome of the expedition was known. (see sketches of this expedition at end of this section in Appendix #1).) Zachariah returned, however, after eighteen months and spent the rest of his life in Parawan. He was very good at playing the harmonica. He loved the out of doors, especially the mountains. He died 13 April 1902, Parowan, Iron, Ut. Nancy Bean was a pillar of strength in this small, southern Utah community. her next great challenge. Even this did not minimize her devotion to the Lord or her desire to have a stable loving family life like the one in which she was reared. Mr. Lee seems to have been a bit unkind and domineering as evidenced by the fact that he required Nancy to work all night on more than one occasion to finish sewing clothes for him. Another time he brought a piece of leather to be made into a jacket with an impossible deadline and when it was not completed beat her. A patriarchal blessing from Patriarch, John Smith, included here, must have given her solace and hope for the future amidst these trying circumstances. "A blessing upon the head of Nancy Bean daughter of James and Elizabeth Bean, born December 14th 1826 Pike County, Missouri. Beloved Sister I lay my hands upon thy head in the name of Jesus Christ and seal upon thee a Father's blessing, therefore dismiss thy fears and be comforted for the Lord thy God loves thee and he will hold thee up for thou art of the blood and lineage of Joseph and an heir to all the blessings and covenants of God's people and if thy companion will return to thee and attend to his duty as a man of God he shall be a comfort and a help to thee and thy name shall be named upon him and if not the Lord thy God shall give thee a companion that shall be worthy to bear thy name with a numerous posterity to all eternity and exalt thee to a throne of glory in the house of Israel forever, therefore let your heart be comforted for thou shalt have all things which are good on earth and in heaven, even to accomplish every purpose of thine heart, live to see the winding up scene of this generation and be satisfied. This is thy blessing in faithfulness sealed upon thee in the name of Jesus Christ even so. Amen" (40) How pleased she must have been to see this blessing literally fulfilled in finding a gentle, kind, thoughtful husband like Zachariah who offered complete love, adopted her child by James D. Lee, and treated her as one of his own. He would have done the same for her other daughter by Mr. Williams. Nancy was very skilled as a tailor and seamstress. She helped many a man be the proud owner of homespun clothes. She was also generous in helping others learn these skills. As an expert weaver she made many beautiful bed spreads in intricate designs. Her loom was in a lean-to next to her kitchen. She also made fine serviceable straw hats which were appreciated by the men folks in those times when there were no hats available in the stores. She was an excellent cook and homemaker. She preceded her husband in death by one month. (41) She d. 3 Mar. 1903 in Parowan. She and her husband are buried in the cemetery there. She had 13 children. (Fig. 46) (See Fig. 45 Family Group Chart) iii. Sarah Ann, born 31 October. 1828, Mendon, Adams, Illinois, married 29 August 1844, William Wallace Casper, (they were married for eternity in the Nauvoo Temple 22 January 1846), died 26 April 1882 at Mill Creek, Salt Lake City, Utah. He married (2) Margaret Mattice, died 1859; married (3) 26 March 1864, Salt Lake City, Elizabeth Ann Erickson, by whom nine children were born, died 29 January 1916, Mill Creek. William W. Casper died 17 July 1908 at Mill Creek. In June, 1868, as Major William W. Casper, he was called out in charge of five platoons in the Black Hawk Indian War. He took his troops from Salt Lake City to Sanpete County for a sixty-five day campaign. He also served in the Walker War. These must have been painful experiences for him because he was friendly with the Indians and could speak their language fluently. On 3 May, 1875, William signed homestead papers, saying that he had lived on his land (at Mill Creek) at least twelve years (having first homesteaded this 18 February 1848), that he was head of a household consisting of a "wife & 16 children," and had built a five room house with six doors, a floor, six windows, and it was 16 by 40 feet. In addition he had made 150 rods of fencing, water ditches, barn, three corrals, a stock yard, two orchards, a granary, and had wagon and cowsheds and estimated his improvements as worth at least $7000. (42) A granddaughter described him as being "of average height, about five feet eight inches, and stockily built. His hair was a sandy brown color and his long beard had flecks of red in it. He had sparkling blue eyes which glowed with mischievous humor." He was intensely religious and an avid follower of President Brigham Young. He was a faithful servant and stalwart pioneer. He believed in and tried to live all the principles of the Church. He entered into the practice of polygamy having three wives as already noted. He was ordained a High Priest, 20 June 1892. He did much genealogical research work and obtained hundreds of names for temple work. In the later years of his life, he and his wife Annie drove horse and buggy to the temple each morning to do temple work. For many years he walked with a cane, due to the fact that he lost the sight of one of his eyes in an operation for cataracts. When Mill Creek Ward was divided in 1905, he donated the building lot that Winder Ward Chapel now stands on. (43) (Fig. 47) (See Fig. 45 Family Group Chart) v. George Washington, born 1 April 1831, Mendon, Adams, Illinois, married (1) 6 January l853, Provo, Elizabeth Baum, born 27 January1834, Brandywine, Chester, Pennsylvania, daughter of Jacob and Agnes Nancy (Harris) Baum. She died 6 May 1916, Ephraim, Sanpete, Utah, he married (2) 10 December 1856 Emily Haws, born 27 February 1836, Wayne County, Illinois, daughter of John and Martha (Masters) Haws, who died 14 December 1908, Richfield, Sevier, Utah, he married (3) 15 December 1856, Mary Jane Wall, born 12 April 184l Sangamon County, Illinois, daughter of William Madison and Nancy (Haws) Wall. He died 9 December 1897, Richfield, leaving behind an invaluable autobiography. He had 30 children. He was a First Counselor in the Sevier Stake Presidency and also a Patriarch for many years. His life was one of dedicated service to God and man. He encouraged his own family to organize and divide responsibility, make records of all their families and keep close together in bonds of love. Though he felt genealogical work was too tremendous for himself he encouraged his family to pursue it, which they did, His daughter, Flora Bean Horne, being the first to begin gathering records and organizing them for temple work. (44) His concluding testimony is included here: "This is my testimony to you, my children and descendants to the last generation; that God lives and answers prayers for our best good, not always as we ask; that He came to the humble boy Joseph Smith in answer to his pleadings to know which of all the churches is right; that He brought His Son, Jesus Christ, the Redeemer and Mediator between God and man, to give instructions; that Lucifer, or Satan, the destroyer of everything good, was there to crush out the life of Joseph, but he failed; that the light from Heaven that surrounded Joseph preserved him, and God's great plan was carried on. Read the first chapters of the Bible and vision the marvelous "blueprint" of the Universe with its many planets moving about with mathematical precision, and our earth as our place of training, with Jesus Christ, our teacher. Read the Bible daily and learn how beautiful life can be, and how horrible, if we cater to Satan. We have four books that all Latter-day Saints recognize as Church Scriptures: Bible, Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants and Pearl of Great Price. Read them prayerfully and gain intelligence. Can you repeat the Ten Commandments of God to his earth children? Read the 20th Chapter of Exodus. Read the 20th Section of the Doctrine and Covenants for the Revelations on organization of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Read the Articles of Faith and gain knowledge and power to live God's laws, spiritually and physically, that you may perfect yourselves in this school of action and graduate into the Millennial college to progress further unto perfection with our families and friends. "Read the 13th Section of the Doctrine and Covenants to prove Joseph Smith's authority, when John the Baptist conferred the "Priesthood of Aaron" upon Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery; and later the Priesthood of Melchizedek was conferred by Peter, James and John. These Priesthoods gave them power to act for God on earth. Read Section 89 on the Word of Wisdom. "And now, dear children, as a Patriarch, I give unto you a Father's blessing, that you may overcome the temptations of Satan, Live the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and bring your Heavenly Father close to you by earnest prayer. This is my prayer and blessing for you all, in the name of Jesus Christ. Amen." George W. Bean (45) (See Autobiography of George W. Bean - Flora B. Horne - 1945, for more interesting details of this family and the faithfulness of this good man.) (Fig. 48) (See Fig. 45 Family Group Chart) v. James Addison, born 11 March 1834, Mendon, Adams, Illinois, married 19 February 1853, Provo, Harriet Catherine Faced, born 8 March 1833, Nashville, Tennessee, daughter of William McKee Faced and Matilda Caroline (Butcher). He died 20 January 1917, Provo, and she died 28 November 1912 Provo. They had 12 children. (See further) (See Fig. 45 Family Group Chart) also (Fig. 50.) His history appears under separate heading vi. Mary Elizabeth, born 17 April 1837, Mendon, Adams, Illinois, married 27 December 1855, Provo, Amos Whitcomb Haws, born 10 July 1833, Greentown, Wayne, Illinois, son of Gilbert and Hannah (Whitcomb), Haws. He died 28 May 1888, Provo and she died 25 September 1895 also in Provo. Had 10 children. (See Fig. 49) and (See 45 Family Group Chart) She was known among the many Indian friends of her brothers and parents as "George Bean's sister". This friendly relationship with the Indians was carried over into her own home. Many times they would come to talk to her. She, too, learned to speak the Indian language and could converse with them freely in their own tongue. She knew how to make the best of every situation. For example she did not like milk in any form so anything else to make a change was tried. She learned to use sego roots, artichokes and other roots as substitutes for vegetables which were so important to prevent scurvy in those days. They raised table beets, cooked them in water, boiled the water left over until it became thick and used it as molasses. This practice utilized everything and broke up the monitory of bread, butter and milk three times a day. She was of a very energetic and independent nature. During the time of the real-estate boom in 1887-88, they sold their home on University Avenue and laid a foundation for a new home on First East and Eighth North. Her husband's unexpected accident and death left her and three of the young boys to continue the building of the new home. She had difficulty adjusting to the new environment without her husband so was not completely happy or contented. She often expressed her desire not to be a burden to anyone. This desire was granted and on the 25 September 1895, she passed quietly from this life having been bedfast but two or three days. She was 56 years of age. She died a faithful member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Amos Whitcomb Haws learned much from practical experience from his early days. In addition to helping on the farm he operated a carding machine in an adobe house. This was run by water power. People brought their wool to have it carded and made into batts for quilts or made into rolls which the women would spin, dye and weave into cloth on their looms at home or double and twist it into stocking yarn for knitting. He had a great desire to become a mechanic. Through study and practice he became an excellent carpenter and builder, able to plan and build almost anything from fine furniture and cabinets to corrals and barns, for which he did his own estimating and figuring. He became an expert casket maker. He would shape them by partially sawing through the side boards so they could be bent to fit the bottom that he had tapered at one end. After it was nailed together it was ready for the padding, lining and trimming. It was lined with white material, the outside being covered with black velvet, silica or cotton cloth, just as the family of the deceased could afford, but it was usually black. The style changed and children's caskets were covered with white canton flannel, with the flannel side out which made a very pretty covering. He worked on most of the large houses which were built during his life time and was contractor for many of them. He also helped in the construction of the Provo Woolen Mills and the City and County building. In 1865-6 he built a five room adobe house with part basement for his family on the corner of Second North and University. At the time it was the largest house in Provo. Just as he was ready to move his family in an Officer of the U.S. Army, then stationed in Provo, offered him $60.00 a month for one year's use of his home. Money being scarce the family decided to live in their old home another year and let the officer and family have the new home. This was one among many instances where the family sacrificed present personal comfort for future blessings. He designed his own genealogical record which was very similar to the one used by the L.D.S. Church and from his father's dictation put the family record in order. He was very domestic in character and disposition and was never more happy than when doing something for the improvement of the home or assisting in the home work, entertainment and enjoyment of relatives and friends. He was sympathetic in disposition and jovial--enjoying a good joke but never pleased at a course loud joke or story. He was desirous that his children live good, honorable lives and be true Latter-Day_Saints. He held the office of a High Priest and died a faithful member of the church. On Monday, May 28, 1888, he was working at the Provo Woolen Mill engaged in constructing an elevator in the four story rock building. After the noon meal, as was his habit, he instructed his boys on the work he wished them to do at the home, then he returned to his work at the Mill. About 4 P.M. while leaning over the elevator opening boring with a brace and bit, the bit broke and caused him to lose his balance and he fell to the second floor below. He was carried home by his friends and fellow workmen but lived only about three hours. He was 54 years of age. (46) vii. Cornelia, born 17 June 1839, Mendon, died 17 November 1845 at Council Bluffs. ********** Patriarchal Blessing of George Washington Bean dated 28 December 1851 given at Salt Lake City by Patriarch John Smith: "Brother George, in the name of Jesus of Nazareth, I place my hands upon thy head and seal upon thee the blessing of a father, even all the blessings of the Melchizedek Priesthood. I seal upon thee and upon thy children forever, for thou art of the blood of Ephraim and a lawful heir to all the blessings that were sealed upon the children of Joseph, which can be brought forth from the earth or from heaven. Thou art called to preach the Gospel to many nations, kindreds and tongues, and thy persuasive manner of communicating shall cause them to believe. Thou shalt baptize kings and rulers, princes and governors and thousands of their subjects, and lead them to Zion with their stores of riches. No power shall stay thy hand, for thou shalt speak and it shall be done. Thou shalt have a companion to comfort your heart and raise up a posterity that shall be mighty in Israel; and if you desire it with a perfect heart, you shall live to see all things accomplished which the prophets have spoken concerning Zion, and inherit a Celestial Glory with all thy father's house. Amen." (47) ********** Patriarchal Blessing given Sarah Ann Bean by John Smith in Adams County, Illinois, dated 4 January 1845: "In the name of Jesus Christ, beloved Sister, I lay my hands upon thy head and bless thee as a father, for thou hast the right to all the blessings that were sealed upon the daughter of Ephraim in the days of old, even the holy Priesthood with all its power in common with thy companion, also a numerous posterity. They sons shall be prophets; thy daughters shall also prophecy and be teachers of the children of the Lamanites and teach them to make garments for the saints. Thou shalt have faith to heal the sick in thy house in the absence of thy companion, thou shalt have the ministering of angels to comfort thee when thou art alone. I seal all the blessings upon thy head which were sealed upon thy companion. Thou shalt live to be a comfort unto him when the Savior makes his appearance and if thou art faithful thou shalt reign in all eternity over all thou wilt redeem of this generation and of thy fathers back to Noah." (48) ********** "HAPPINESS IS NOT A POSSESSION TO BE PRIZED BUT A QUALITY OF THOUGHT, A STATE OF MIND." This truth must have been a motivating force with these beloved pioneer ancestors whom we have grown to love and to whom we give respect and honor. When it is finally said and done the greatest honor that we, their posterity, could give them is to live lives dedicated to the Lord whom they worshiped and to the Church that espoused and worked so hard to establish. May God grant that we might transmit to the next generation the values they worked so hard to establish. As they may we also endure to the end in faith. ********** In as much as two of the James Bean children lived in polygamist families and James himself participated in this ordinance the following is of interest: From The Mormon Experience by Leonard Arrington and David Bitton: "We estimate that no more than 5% of married Mormon men had more than one wife, and since the great majority of these had only two wives, it seems reasonable to suppose that about 12% of Mormon women were involved in the principle. The birth rate among plural wives being somewhat lower than among monogamist wives, certainly no higher than 10% of Mormon children were born into polygamist families." George W. Bean had this to say about his plural family relationships: "I cannot express in words my appreciation for my three splendid wives and the children they have borne, and their true understanding of the principle and purpose of plural marriage as the lord designed it should be lived. (49) "The domestic life of our family was typical of pioneer homes. My wives made their soap from waste fats, milked cows, made butter and cheese, and cottage cheese, curdled the milk with rennet, raised chickens, ducks and geese for feathers and food, turkeys, sheep for food and wool for clothing, herbs for seasoning or medicine; and thus they labored so that when I brought men from Court, there was plenty to eat and strangers were welcomed. "The children were trained early in their lives to accept responsibility. One morning when Elizabeth found no cedar wood in the kitchen box, she peeled potatoes, sliced the ham, made biscuits, and broke the eggs, then placed them all on the table raw and called the boys to breakfast. After saying grace, when they reached for the food the one responsible for the wood chopping chore hurried from the room and soon brought the wood. That was how this mother did her scolding." (50) ********** According to a work done by Richard Horsley and Jill Nelson Crandall of the Provo based Family Research Center, James Bean and Elizabeth Lewis have descendants numbering between 12,500 and 15,000 and rank with the leading 140 largest families in the church in the 1900s. "In my list of the leading 250 LDS families, the James Bean family ranks around the 100th largest church family. Records indicate that this family is almost as large as the Heber C. Kimball or the Brigham Young family in total numbers of descendants....The answer to this lies in the fine families that the Beans have married into and the degree of faithfulness that many of these families have maintained over the 5 or 6 generations that they have been in the church. The Caspers, Deckers, & Haws have been very active branches of the James Bean family. The George W. and James A. Bean families have been fortunate in that few have faltered by the wayside. Considering the difference between these two families originally, the James Addison Bean family has done remarkably well, and today is not much different in size to the George Washington Bean family. "There are 10 large Scotch-Irish families in the LDS church. The James Bean family would be the third largest of these 10. "There are less than 125 families which have more genealogical sheets on the (initial Four Generation Program than this family. Another 25 have the same number. I believe you have a legitimate claim to be in the top 150 families of the Church no matter how you compare yourself. I have found no other single indicator which pinpoints the size of the various families of the Church better than the genealogical submission program. "The James Bean family is the fourth largest Kentucky-born family in the Church. His family is one of the twenty five largest Mormon families of the Southern States in the Church today." (51) ********** In the records that have come to my attention in the presentation of this work I have been impressed with the strong family bond that has existed among the children of James and Elisabeth Lewis Bean. Their willingness to help each other out and to be congenial with one another is very evident. I for one am very proud to be one of their descendants. (Arlene Bean Meservy) Again let me reiterate how deeply indebted we are for the Journal and Autobiography of George Washington Bean which has given us valuable historical information and many personal insights into the family of James Bean and Elizabeth Lewis. 1. Provo A Story Of People In Motion - Marilyn McMeen Miller & John Clifton Moffitt - 1938 2. IBID: 3. Provo, Pioneer Mormon City:31 - 4. To be named 5. History of Provo:39 6. Page 31, The Story Of Provo, Utah, by John C. Moffitt 7. IBID 8. Provo, Pioneer City:70 9. Provo, Pioneer Mormon City:52 10. IBID:64 11. Provo, A Mormon City:51-2 12. IBID 13. Autobiography of Geroge W. Bean pages 58-61 - 1945 - Horne 14. Provo, A Story of People In Motion 15. Treasures of Pioneer Utah, Vol 3:363 SL FHL 979.2H2ca 16. LDS Church Historians Dept. Journal History Roll #143:11 17. History of Provo - Booth 18. IBID:55 19. Provo A Story, People In Motion:15-16, Marila McMeen Miller & John C. Moffitt 20. Ibid:91 21. History of Provo - Booth 22. BYU #BX8677 9224 (1946) Early Hist of Provo John E. Booth 23. 23LDS Biog. Encycl Vol 1:492 - Jensen 24. LDS Biog. Encycl Vol l:492 & Hist of Provo:43 - Booth 25. History of Provo:58 - Booth 26. Provo A Story of People In Motion:17 - Moffett 27. Provo, A Mormon City:84 28. Provo, Mormon City:85 29. History of Provo:46-7 - Booth 30. Provo, A Story Of People In Motion:18, Moffitt & Miller 31. Provo Story of People In Motion:18 - Moffett 32. History of Provo:48 - Booth 33. Provo A Story of People In Motion:19 - Miller & Moffitt - 1938 34. IBID 35. LDS FHL Ms #1769 Zechariah Bruyn Decker, Jr. - Louis A. Decker 36. Provo, Pioneer Mormon City:69 37. G.W.Bean Autobiography:143 - Horne - 1945 38. BYU Film D45 #1:48 Nov 2, 1864 Edition Deseret News 39. Early History of Provo 1849-1872 40. Patriarchal Blessings - LDS Church Historian's Department, Salt Lake City, Utah 41. Many thanks to "Our Decker Forefathers":24-34 Fern Ellis (1981) for the sketches of Nancy and Zachariah 42. Homestead )Papers, William W. Casper, National Archives, Washington, D.C. 43. The Ebenezer Hanks Story, pp. 127-130, by Kerry W. Bate; further sketches on the Casper family came from a granddaughter, Elizabeth Ada G. Hamilton and a great great grandson, Russell R. Casper. 44. Autobiography of George W. Bean:258 - Flora Bean Horne - 1945 45. IBID:258-9 46. Historical Sketches of Amos Whitcomb Haws and Mary Elizabeth Bean - Louisa Haws Foote - dated 12 April 1928 47. G.W. Bean Autobiography:73 - Horne - 1945 48. Patriarchal Blessings - LDS Church Historians Department, SLC, Utah 49. Georg W. Bean Autobiography:218 (1945) Flora Bean Horne 50. BYU Lib F826.D38x, An Enduring Legacy, Vol I:238 - Presidents of the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers - article on Flora Bean Horne 51. Ancestral History and Pioneer Overview of the James Bean Family:13,49,51 - Richard Brown Horsley & Jill Nelson Crandall

NANCY (BEAN) WILLIAMS LEE DECKER

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

!BIOGRAPHY: 7744-1. James Bean4 (Fam. 7740, pg. 738) b. 3-3-1804, Christian Co., KY., d. 6-30-1882, Provo, Utah. m. 1st, 7-27-1824, Lincoln, MO., Elizabeth Lewis, b. 9-22-1803, Lincoln, MO., d. 11-1-1864, Provo, Utah., d/o James & Sarah (McCoy) Lewis, m. 2nd. Amelia (Huntington) Jarvis, Div., m. 3rd, Mary Hedve Stromfeldt, m. 4th Elizabeth Rosequist, Div. He was Mormon. By Wife # 1. - William Bean5, b. 7-29-1825, Lincoln Co., d. 2-17-1842, Adams Co., ILL. + Nancy Bean5, b. 12-14-1826, West Troy MO., d. 3-3-1903, Parowan, UT., m. 1st, Thomas J Williams, m. 2nd, 11-4-1844, Nauvoo, ILL., *John Doyle Lee, b. 9-6-1812, Kaskaskia, ILL., d. 3-23-1877, Mountain Meadows, Utah, (He had 20 wives , of which Nancy was one) s/o Ralp & Elizabeth (Doyle) Lee, Div., (For her complete fam. see -----*(8335) ------------- Mary (Williams) Decker, b. 8-10-1843, Nauvoo, ILL., m. George Walker ------------- Cornelia6 (Lee) Decker, b. 1-15-1846, Nauvoo, ILL. d. 12-26-1937, m. 12-29-1863, Lars Mortenson. + Sarah Ann Bean5, b. 10-31-1828, Mendon, ILL --(7745) + George Washington Bean, b. 4-1-1831, Mendon, ILL. ----(7777) + James Addison Bean5, b. 3-1-1834. Mendon, ILL. --------(7779) - Mary Elizabeth Bean5, b. 5-17-1837, Mendon, ILL., d. 9-25-1895, m. 12-27-1855, Amos Whitcomb Haws. - Cornelia Bean5, b. 6-17-1839, Mendon, ILL., d. 11-17-1846, Council Bluffs, IA. * See THE CLAN MACBEAN REGISTER, Genealogy Section, March 1980. Information found in the book, THE CLAN MACBEAN IN NORTH AMERICA, Volume II, With Updating, 4th Edition, Copyright 1976. By Bernie & Carol MacBean, Published By The Clan MacBean Press, Kinsman Rd., Rt. 2, Box 2340, Cleveland, Texas 77327. ---------

JAMES BEAN

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

!BIOGRAPHY: 7744-1. James Bean4 (Fam. 7740, pg. 738) b. 3-3-1804, Christian Co., KY., d. 6-30-1882, Provo, Utah. m. 1st, 7-27-1824, Lincoln, MO., Elizabeth Lewis, b. 9-22-1803, Lincoln, MO., d. 11-1-1864, Provo, Utah., d/o James & Sarah (McCoy) Lewis, m. 2nd. Amelia (Huntington) Jarvis, Div., m. 3rd, Mary Hedve Stromfeldt, m. 4th Elizabeth Rosequist, Div. He was Mormon. By Wife # 1. - William Bean5, b. 7-29-1825, Lincoln Co., d. 2-17-1842, Adams Co., ILL. + Nancy Bean5, b. 12-14-1826, West Troy MO., d. 3-3-1903, Parowan, UT., m. 1st, Thomas J Williams, m. 2nd, 11-4-1844, Nauvoo, ILL., *John Doyle Lee, b. 9-6-1812, Kaskaskia, ILL., d. 3-23-1877, Mountain Meadows, Utah, (He had 20 wives , of which Nancy was one) s/o Ralp & Elizabeth (Doyle) Lee, Div., (For her complete fam. see -----*(8335) ------------- Mary (Williams) Decker, b. 8-10-1843, Nauvoo, ILL., m. George Walker ------------- Cornelia6 (Lee) Decker, b. 1-15-1846, Nauvoo, ILL. d. 12-26-1937, m. 12-29-1863, Lars Mortenson. + Sarah Ann Bean5, b. 10-31-1828, Mendon, ILL --(7745) + George Washington Bean, b. 4-1-1831, Mendon, ILL. ----(7777) + James Addison Bean5, b. 3-1-1834. Mendon, ILL. --------(7779) - Mary Elizabeth Bean5, b. 5-17-1837, Mendon, ILL., d. 9-25-1895, m. 12-27-1855, Amos Whitcomb Haws. - Cornelia Bean5, b. 6-17-1839, Mendon, ILL., d. 11-17-1846, Council Bluffs, IA. * See THE CLAN MACBEAN REGISTER, Genealogy Section, March 1980. Information found in the book, THE CLAN MACBEAN IN NORTH AMERICA, Volume II, With Updating, 4th Edition, Copyright 1976. By Bernie & Carol MacBean, Published By The Clan MacBean Press, Kinsman Rd., Rt. 2, Box 2340, Cleveland, Texas 77327. ---------

James Bean

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

A summary of available histories compiled in 2010 by Debra Edwards Plane for her family. James had a long and full life, and we are fortunate to have much information about him. As he was born on 3 March 1804, we see that he was about the same age as the prophet Joseph Smith, and in fact James was taught the gospel and joined the Church that Joseph Smith restored. James was born at Elkton, Christian County, Kentucky, the son of William and Anna Buckalew Bean. When he was four years old they moved to Missouri, and when he was five his father died. His mother remarried, so James was mostly raised by a step-father. From the accounts we have, James appears to have had a good family life. He did not have very much schooling, so the things he accomplished throughout his life were mostly learned by doing and being trained by people he lived with and worked with. On 27 July 1824, James was married in Lincoln County, Missouri to Elizabeth Lewis. They made their home at Quincy, Adams County, Illinois which was a new settlement near the Mississippi River. They had quite a large piece of property, to include a “woodland, nut grove, meadow and hayland, farmland and truck gardens”. Several relatives moved there with them. The neighbors all helped each other to build barns and houses, and traded to each other for grain, sheep, cattle, and other things they needed. James and Elizabeth had seven children born to them between 1825 and 1839. The children called their parents “Ma” and “Pa”. James was a builder, cabinet-maker, a leader in the community, and a prosperous farmer. He had several homes and cabins and hired help to care for them. He was a religious man, a Methodist, and Elizabeth was a Presbyterian. When Governor Boggs of Missouri drove out the Mormons in 1839, they came to the area where the Beans lived. James filled up his homes and cabins with the Mormon refugees. He became good friends with many of these people. By 9 May 1841, James and several of his family had been baptized. The Bean family went to Nauvoo, where James worked on a farm and built a log cabin for his family. He also volunteered time to work on the Nauvoo Temple. He knew the prophet, Joseph Smith. James later built his family a brick home in town. In 1845 James was helping to prepare the Mormons to leave Illinois by helping to gather food and make wagons and other things they would need to travel with. He also did baptisms in the temple for his deceased relatives and left a record of his family. On 6 January 1846 James and Elizabeth were sealed in the Nauvoo Temple. In February he helped his son George prepare to leave Nauvoo, and on 1 May James and Elizabeth, along with some other family members, crossed the Mississippi River for the journey west. James contributed oxen to assist some with the trip. In July of 1846 when many men signed up for and left with the Mormon Battalion, Brigham Young organized the men who were left to take care of the families of the Battalion volunteers. A large number of bishops were selected to take care of the money and property of the volunteers. James Bean was one of those Bishops. James and Elizabeth stayed at Mt. Pisgah to build shelters and grow crops that others could use in their migration to the Salt Lake Valley. The Beans finally arrived in the valley on 4 September 1848, and joined their son and his family at the area called Mill Creek. In the early part of 1849 a call was made for settlers to go south to Provo Valley. James Bean was included in the call. He continued to be very involved in community and church affairs. He built up his own home and farm again. In the spring of 1851, Provo City was organized. James was one of the leaders of the new city. He became a member of the 12th Quorum of Seventies in the LDS Church. In 1857, he began to practice polygamy and was sealed to several wives. He married the last wife in February of 1869. At least two of them divorced him. Elizabeth, his first wife, died in 1864. Other accomplishments of James Bean are that he served as an Indian interpreter, was elected supervisor of Provo, consecrated his property to the church when it was required, served as a Bishop’s counselor, and served on a grand jury. He testified to his belief in Mormonism and was called a faithful member of the Church by Heber C. Kimball. He was a beloved and respected citizen in his old age. He died 30 June 1882 in Provo, Utah of lung disease.

History and Character Sketch of James Bean, Pioneer to Utah in 1848 by Flora Bean Horne with some additions by Garda G. Adams

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

James Bean was born at Elkton, Christian County, Kentucky on the 3rd of March 1804. He was the son of William Bean III, who was born in Burke County, North Carolina, about 1777. William Bean III's father being William [Bean] II, who was born in London Derry [sic Londonderry] area , Ireland, 8 February 1764, who came to America with his father, William Bean I on the ship "Admiral Hawk" to settle on a grant of land granted him by King George III on Duncan Creek, South Carolina. The mother, wife of WilliamI, was Naomi Bates. Three children crossed the ocean with them, namely: William II, thirteen years old; Thomas, three years old; and a baby girl, Agnes. Two other boys were born to them (Isaac and Mathew) after coming to America. He married Elizabeth Lewis, who was born the 20th of September, 1803, a daughter of James Lewis and Sarah McCoy, in Lincoln County, Missouri, the 27th of July 1824. It is interesting to note how groups of families came from foreign countries and moved from state to state in much the same groups, hunting greener fields, at any rate Missouri became a rendezvous for many families. William and Ann Buckalew, and family were among them. Their oldest son, James was but four years of age at the time. The Lewis family proceded them [t]here; counties along the Mississippi were recognized as St. Charles, Pike, Lewis, Lincoln, etc., James Bean said they had to go in to Fort at St. Charles, because of the Indians having killed the O'Neal family and others. James Bean came through an ancestral line of fearless, hard working men, no matter what the task. The origin of the name "Bean" in Scotland, means "Fair," "High in the Mountains," and their coat of arms was won through bravery in battle, "The Wolf Head," on the shield and a dexter arm hold a dagger as the cresent. Education was not plentiful in the 19th century, so James did not boast of scholarship, but workmanship. He learned cabinet making by helping other builders and farmers and had plenty to do to establish this western commonwealth. He knew just how to ***** up the log cabins and make them weather proof. His father, William Bean II, died soon after they moved to Missouri, about October 1809, the exact date is not given, but his last child, William, was born December 4, 1809, two months after his father's death, the record states, making the death date early in October 1809. The new home making for Anna Buckalew Bean without her companion, and the terrible war condition of 1812, following soon, brought sympathy and help from many kind neighbors, especially one, Andrew Edwards, who admired the courage and ability of the little widow, he wooed and won her, they were married and she raised nine children from the second marriage, having four children by William Bean. During Indian trouble, families were much closer and became better acquainted as neighbors. Elizabeth Lewis had five brothers: John, Fielding, James, Samuel, and Zachariah, which gave our Grandfather excuse to call often at the Lewis home; she also had four sisters, Nancy, Cynthia, Sarah and Isophena, they were glib of tongue and enjoyed teasing the young swains. This embarrassment did not cool his ardent love, and he soon won Elizabeth and married her. They had two children born in Missouri, William, born 29th of July 1825; Nancy born the 14th of December 1826, at West Troy, Lincoln County. They moved to Adams County, Illinois, settling on a farm at Mendon, a few miles from Quincey (the Keys farm). Ann Buckalew Bean Edwards and family lived on the "Woods farm" two miles away, near Mendon village. James' sister, Mary Bean, married David Crow, in Missouri, and also moved temporarily to Adams County. The brother Garrett Bean married Nancy Crow in 1831, so they "crowed a great deal," so James said. The youngest brother William married Nancy Hilliary of Virginia, whose parents moved to Illinois earlier. In 1832, Williams family moved to Iowa, and Garrett's to Hancock County, Illinois, here he made his permanent home in which he said it was a wilderness of bees, wolves and panthers at that time in 1836. It is now the town of Stillwell. The family consisted of James and Elizabeth, and two children, Nancy and George W., before leaving Missouri. Five more where added to the family while living at Mendon, near Quincey in Adams County, Illinois. Sarah Ann, born October 31, 1828, and [married to] William Wallace Casper, George Washington, born April 1, 1831, married to (1) Elizabeth Baum, James Addison, born March 11, 1834, married to Harriet Catherine Fausett; Mary Elizabeth born April 17, 1837, married to Amos Whitcomb Haws; Cornelia, born 1839, died 1847, at Council Bluffs, then called Miller's Hollow. Her death was caused by the tribulation of crossin[g] the plains. When James Bean moved to Illinois, there were about one dozen houses along the river. Quoting from the journal of George Washington Bean, eldest son of James and Elizabeth, "my parents were moral, circumspect and strictly religious people, though not of the same creed, My father was a Methodist and my mother a Presbyterian, so the children had the privilege of meeting many Ministers, who often enjoyed the hospitality of his home, a stopping place for the Reverend Divines." Mendon, a small town two miles from the Bean home, was peopled by New England Puritans, descendants of those who burned the witches at the stake two hundred years before. In 1839, the Mormon expulsion from Missouri took place and Adams County, Illinois, became a temporary home for the persecuted saints. Every nook and corner was filled with exiles, among them Jonathan L. Harvey, Mathew Way, Alexander Williams, George W. Gee and wife, she was a cousin to the prophet Joseph. Brother Gee taught school for the district and James Bean was a Trustee. When Gee's relationship with the Mormons was learned, it caused a great shock, "What a risk of contamination we were in," people said. Alexander Williams, one of the exiles desired to go to school, he was a devout saint, often interesting the children in the Latter-day Saint gospel. He possessed great personal magnetism, he was invited to the James Bean home to compare religious doctrines, the mother, Elizabeth, being a great scriptorian, and a good talker, became surprised at the clearness of his views, and explanations, the Bible was seen in a new light by the parents. Elder Williams obtained the privilege of preaching in the school house by James Bean, who was a Trustee, the result of it all was that James and Elizabeth and the oldest sister Nancy Bean; Esaias Edwards and wife; Reuben Carter and wife; Joseph Kelly and wife were baptized. Elder William had a debate with two Methodist Ministers at the James Bean home, the whole neighborhood was present, it resulted in a victory for the truth by Williams. James Bean's mother Ann Buckalew Bean Edwards, was baptized in 1841 and died in 1846. The city of Commerce was then purchased by the Prophet Joseph, they drained the swamps and built a beautiful city, and changed the name to Nauvoo. The temple was begun in 1841, and completed in 1846. The James Bean family moved to golden point, five miles south of Nauvoo, two blocks south of the Temple. James, the father, and the oldest son worked on the Temple. They had their Temple work done before leaving Nauvoo, they crossed the river May 1, 1846, and overtook the main company of Saints at Mt. Pisgah. A call for teams came, to help the Church leaders push on to the Mountains, and James Bean gave up two yoke of oxen. One child, a daughter, Cornelia, seven years of age, died at Council Bluffs. It was September 4, 1848, in Captain William Perkins Company that they arrived in Salt Lake Valley, and located at Millcreek temporarily. In the spring of 1849, they were among the first settlers of Provo, and built the first cabin outside the Fort, but because of molestations of the Indians they were obliged to return to the Fort. James Bean's wife Elizabeth [Lewis] died November 1, 1864, in Provo, he married a widow with two children, by the name of Amelia Huntington Jarvis, she left him and was divorced, but after leaving him she had a baby girl known as Maggie (Bean) Porter (married name), married (3) Hedve Mary Stromfeldt, who died in 1865, there were no children by this marriage. He married (4) a young woman by the name of Elizabeth Rosequist, born in 1850 in Sweden, they separated and [s]he married later to Mrs. [sic Mr.] Loveridge, and raised a large family. James Bean died the 29th of June 1882, in Provo, Utah, at the home of his youngest daughter Mary Haws. He was also sealed to Matilda Hull and Cynthia Lewis, sister of his first wife, Elizabeth Lewis. James Bean was an aggressive, industrious pioneer, he left a family of six living children, five of whom we know to be faithful members of the Latter-day Saint Church. There is now and immense posterity, who look back with pride on their courageous stalwart ancestor, James Bean.

James Bean and His Heritage

Contributor: trishkovach Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

Written by granddaughter Flora Bean Horne, et. al.: William Bean1 was born a Scotsman. He was from the Highlands of Scotland where he was a member of the MacBean Clan. In the 1600's and 1700's this ancient homeland was a hard place to in live; the people were terribly poor, the common man could own no land of his own, he was pushed around and there were few alternatives for him. Many of these Laddies and Lassies heard of the lands overseas with free land to anyone who would settle and work hard and make homes for their families, and build communities. Some were fearful to make such a radical change in their lives, some caught the Dream and ventured everything. Religious persecution caused many to flee their homeland for North Ireland. William's1 parents, for what ever reason, were one who emigrated. Those who know the Highlands can well imagine the tears of sorrow the emigrants felt, with the fears of the future, as they walked away from their homes, never to see The Highlands again. In 1740 William1 left first for Ireland at ten years of age and it was there he married, at twenty-three, Naomi Bates, whose father was also Scottish. Three of their children were born in North Ireland, and with these children William1 and Naomi Bean finally came to America aboard the Admiral Hawk in 1767. Their eldest son William Bean2 was 13 years of age, having been born February 2, 1754, in North Ireland. The family settled first in the Chester District of South Carolina and received a grant of land on what was then called Duncan Creek. He was 37 years old when they arrived. Naomi and William2 had four more children. After his death William's1 estate was settled March 1, l794. William Bean2 married Ann Scott who also came from Scotland to America with her family in 1769, two years after her husband's family had arrived. William2 and Ann moved about living in Burke Co., North Carolina during the Revolutionary War, but returning to South Carolina. They had numerous children including the third generation of a William3 Bean. They were in South Carolina at the death of his father for he was beneficiary in the estate. William2 and Ann sold 150 acres of land which had originally been part of the Grant given to his father in 1768 by Governor Bull. Also in 1794 they sold another parcel of land on the South Fork of Duncan Creek of 100 acres, this too being a part of the over 250 acres granted to William Bean1. These two sales, along with what brother Issac sold just about disposed of the entire Grant, and after this there were no members of the family living there. William2 went to Edgefield Co., South Carolina in 1796 and bought 217 acres in Newberry Co. His father-in-law, William Scott also lived in Newberry Co., South Carolina and died there. In his will he states that Ann Scott Bean, wife of William2 Bean is his daughter. In 1799 William2 and Ann sold these same 217 acres and moved to Elkton, Kentucky where he died in 1816 at 62 years of age. William Bean3, the third William Bean in succession, was born about 1777, in Burke County, North Carolina. He married Anna Buckalew from North Carolina in 1803 in Kentucky. Their first three children, including James Bean, Mary "Polly" Bean, and Garrett Bean, were born in Kentucky. It is interesting to note how groups of families came from foreign countries and moved from state to state in much the same groups hunting greener fields, or "greater worlds to conquer." At any rate, Missouri became a rendezvous for many families, whether for adventure, exploring, or home-building. In an account written by Garrett Bean that is deposited in the Missouri Historical Society at St. Louis, Mo., he tells of his family's migration to Missouri in 1808 in a company with 70 or 80 families. They crossed the river near the mouth of the Cumberland and struck west through the southern part of Illinois. All settled in St. Charles Co., which was unbroken wilderness. Several of the Bean family relatives were among the group. His father died in 1809 two months after the birth of the fourth William4 in direct line. The Lewis family had preceded them to Missouri. Garrett Bean wrote, "In due course of time Mother married a widower, Mr. Edwards, with one child. Mother had had 4 children, 3 boys and a girl from her first marriage. She had nine children in this second wedlock. In December, 1811, we were living near where Clarksville now stands (Pike Co.) when the Indians murdered the O'Neal family. As soon as possible after that sad event became known every family in that region left in a hurry for Lincoln and St. Charles Counties. For two or three years I can recollect well my folks fleeing to the fort as many as three times. I think that in the spring of 1815 my folks returned to Pike Co., and resided there until 1828." Education was not plentiful early in the nineteenth century, so James did not boast of scholarship, but workmanship, for he learned cabinet-making by helping other builders and farmers. He had plenty to do in establishing this western commonwealth. He knew just how to chink up the log cabins and make them wind-proof. In new communities, and during Indian troubles, citizens are banded closely and become better acquainted as neighbors. Elizabeth Lewis had five brothers, John, Fielding, James, Samuel and Zachariah, which gave the handsome Bean boy an excuse to call frequently at the Lewis home. Elizabeth's sisters, Nancy, Cynthia, Sarah and Isophenia were also "glib of tongue" and persisted in teasing the young swain. This embarrassment did not cool his ardent love for the "apple of his eye" and he soon won Elizabeth and married her on July 27th, 1824. She was the daughter of James Lewis and Sarah McCoy, born in 1803. Flora Bean Horn comments, the "Lewis-Clark" expedition having left Missouri, makes me believe that Lewis is a relative of Grandma Bean, but have not yet investigated sufficiently to prove it." They had two children born in Missouri, William born on July 29, 1825, and Nancy, December 14, 1826, at West Troy, Lincoln Country. They moved to Adams County, Illinois, settling on a Keyes farm twelve miles from Quincy farm. James' mother Anna Buckalew Bean Edwards and family lived on the Wood's farm two miles away, near Mendon village. James Bean and Elizabeth brought their two children, Nancy and William, from Missouri, and had the following added to their family group while in Mendon, near Quincy, Illinois: Sarah Ann Bean, George Washington Bean, born April 1, 1831, James Addison Bean, Mary Elizabeth, Cornelia Bean, born 1839, and died in Council Bluffs, Iowa, in 1846. When grandfather moved to Illinois, there were but a dozen houses along the river, John Woods being the most important Citizen. He became Mayor of Quincy and Governor of the State--a man of great wealth, yet died poor, in 1880. Quoting from George Washington Bean's journal, "My parents were moral, circumspect and strictly religious, though not of the same creed, my father a Methodist, and mother a Presbyterian, which privileged the children to meet many ministers. The ministers considered James Bean a thrifty farmer and enjoyed his hospitality--a stopping place for the reverend divines. Mendon, two miles from our farm, was peopled with New England Puritans, descendants of those who burned the witches 200 years before. "In 1839, the Mormon expulsion from Missouri took place, and Adams County, Illinois, became a temporary home of the persecuted saints. Every nook and corner was filled with exiles--among them were George W. Gee and wife. She was a sister of Elias Smith and a cousin to the Prophet Joseph Smith. Brother Gee taught school for the district, and "Grandpa" Bean was a trustee. When Gee's relationship leaked out, it caused a shock--'What a risk of contamination we're in,' the people said. Continuing from his Journal: "In 1840, George Clymen taught school. He was part Indian, yet a good teacher when sober. He covenanted not to drink on school days and kept it faithfully, but always on Monday forenoons, he was cross and often brutal with the children. During this term of school, Alexander Williams, one of the exiles from Missouri, desired to learn reading, writing and grammar. He was earnest in school and a devout Saint--often interesting the children in the Gospel. He possessed a great deal of personal magnetism though born among Tennessee darkies. . . . We invited him to our home. My parents being very religious, began to compare doctrines. My mother being a great scriptorian and a good talker, became surprised with his clearness of views and explanations. The Bible was seen in a new light by my parents. "Elder Williams obtained the privilege of preaching in our school-house by my father, a trustee. The result of it all was that Elder Williams baptized father and mother (James and Elizabeth Lewis Bean), Uncle Esaias Edwards and wife, Reuben Carter and wife, Joseph Kelly and wife in May 1841, also sister Nancy. "The Sectarian Priests, especially Rev. William H. Pyper of the Methodist and Rev. James Stockton, challenged Elder Williams in debate, knowing he was uneducated and they had flowing words. The battle came off at our home, the whole neighborhood being present, but it resulted in a signal victory for Truth by Williams." James' mother, Anna Buckalew Bean Edwards, was baptized in 1842. She died in 1846. The city of Commerce, forty miles north of Quincy, was purchased by the Prophet Joseph Smith for the Saints. They soon drained the swamps, built a beautiful city and changed its name to Nauvoo. Persecutions followed the Church and retarded the erection of the Nauvoo Temple which was begun in 1841 and completed in 1846. The mobbing drove the people to Nauvoo for protection. James had a time to find a buyer for his farms in Adams county, but decided to locate at Golden Point, five miles south of Nauvoo, became acquainted with the Prophet and other leaders, and feasted on their sermons. After the martyrdom of the Prophet and Patriarch, mobs increased and James sacrificed his farm. Quoting again from George Washington Bean's diary: "We took cattle, sheep and hogs and placed them on our range on the new farm, but the family moved right into the city, renting rooms of Chandler Holbrook on Mulholland Street, one mile east of the Temple. We then commenced building our house two blocks south of the Nauvoo Temple. We also opened a farm four miles northeast of the city on the old LaHarpe road, adjoining Elder John Taylor's farm. Eighty acres of prairie, and twenty acres of woodland were planted." In 1845, the pressure became so great, President Young advised all Saints to gather all food-stuff possible and assemble in Nauvoo for an early journey westward to an unknown land. All available teams were kept busy transporting people and goods. Men were organized into companies to systematize work. James Bean was placed in Captain Shadrack Roundy's company, whose duty was to gather wagon timbers, white oak and hickory, from Sugar Creek, or Half Breed tract, in Iowa. James took his son George W. with him, who writes thus: "We worked a month and boarded at old Dr. Kenner's and nearly starved, not one knowing how to cook, besides some of them were shaking with the ague every day. The timber we hauled nine miles to the Mississippi River and boated it across. I also gathered corn on Miles Anderson's farm in Iowa and shipped the same by boat." George Washington Bean, was over six feet tall when but 11-1/2 years old. Being ambitious and determined to quell the mobs, begged to join the guards, or Nauvoo Legion. His father consented and the stalwart youth was placed in the Stephen A. Markham company. James was proud of his son's service. They both labored on the Nauvoo Temple for months and then both received their endowments there, as did Elizabeth Lewis Bean, who was also sealed in that temple, to her husband, January 27, 1846. James Bean was hardly ready to break up his home, but he let George W. have a splendid outfit, provisions, bedding, etc., to go with the first to leave Nauvoo. George's first duty was to help ferry the church leaders, with their families and goods, across the Mississippi River into Iowa. James felt he was taking part by giving his eldest son to the service. James Bean was considered well-to-do and stayed to aid those in need in preparing for the journey. Of course there was anxiety for George W., who went with the Pioneers, little knowing his severe tests until he returned on foot, crossing the great Mississippi River in a discarded skiff with his companions. They caulked the big holes with their clothes, and bailed out water with their hats to save their lives. His mother wept for joy to see him safe at home She was a brave, wonderful woman of strong heart and mind. Sarah Ann, the second daughter, married William Wallace Casper who joined in preparations for a trip west. They had three wagons, two yoke of oxen to the wagon, three saddle horse, several cows and a herd of sheep. Corn was parched and placed in well-made boxes, like the flour, 4 feet long and 12 x 14 inches wide and deep, the boxes being safer for a long journey--sacks were scarce anyway. The Bean family was equipped and ready by May 1, 1846, and crossed the Mississippi River into Iowa, hoping to catch the "Main Camp." They did overtake them at Mt. Pisgah and were just in time to hear the call for teams to aid the church leaders to push on to the mountains. As usual, James Bean came to the front, gave two yoke of oxen, but they gave him an order on Willard Richards in Nauvoo for replacement of oxen, so his son George W. and son-in-law Wm. Casper walked back two hundred miles to Nauvoo for the teams. James planted the corn in their absence. Casper returned but George W. stayed in Adams County to work a few months. The Nauvoo battle took place in September and the poor refugees were driven over the Mississippi River. Many were sick and destitute, and camping on cold, hard ground for weeks without shelter and food was too terrible for description. It was here the miraculous visit of quails came to them like manna from Heaven. It was another manifestation of God's providential deliverance. The birds were so tame the people gathered them in their hands while running about the wagons, and cooked a dainty meal for the sick and needy. A few days later wagons and teams came from the Pioneer Camps and these brave sufferers soon joined President Young's Camp on the Missouri River. George W. Bean, who had been working in Adams County, came to the exile camp a few days after the manifestation of quails and saw their rejoicing. He joined the last wagons, travelling with the Stephen H. Goddard family. When George arrived in Council Bluffs, he found all his family ill, with little food and no strength to care for each other. His father was down in Missouri to get provisions and medicine. The youngest child, Cornelia, had died of black canker a short time before. George had saved some money and forthwith supplied his loved ones. They had to use a mortar to grind their corn meal which was still coarse food. When George arrived he had the strength they all lacked and went about preparing food. James said George came in time to save the rest of the family, but too late for little Cornelia. She was seven years old. Grandfather brought food also and now they could make rails and fence, clear and plough the ground. They planted 10 acres of corn by June 1, 1847. William W. Casper had joined the Mormon Battalion in July 1846, and marched to California, so Sarah Ann's father thought she should go west with the pioneers and meet her husband and save his coming back east for her. George W., bobbed up again, though a boy of 16 years, yet a man in stature and experience, and offered to drive team and care for his sister and babe. Every effort was made to make the journey safe and pleasant. They rushed preparations and soon joined the Saints at Elk Horn, being placed in Capt. Jedediah M. Grant's company. They arrived in Great Salt Lake Valley on October 4, 1847. This delayed James and the rest of his family, but James A. was then quite a man at age of 13 years and together they worked for a start in the spring of 1848. George W. had planted their crops in Utah, and saw it mowed down by the crickets. He also saw the marvelous flocks of sea-gulls devour the crickets, go to the streams of water, disgorge and return to the fields, as if given the work to do. Other crops were planted. Then the leaders asked for volunteers to take teams back for the poor families left at Winter Quarters. Again, George offered and went in Captain Shadrack Roundy's company. He met a pioneer company that said his father was in the next company, so George turned his wagon and four yoke of oxen over to the captain and walked on to find his parents, so weak for lack of food they could hardly speak when he rapped on their wagon box. James's family was in Capt. William Perkin's company. They arrived in Salt Lake Valley on Sept. 4, 1848, and located at Mill Creek temporarily, six miles south of the city. James Bean and family were among the first settlers at Provo in the spring of 1849, and he built the first cabin there, on the river, then called Timpanogas River. As George Washington Bean writes: "The Indians were quite numerous, arrogant, exacting but friendly, permitting us to camp on their fishing river where hundreds of Indians came each spring to fish. There were thirty men and later families called to colonize in Provo. They built a stockade fort. In the center was a bastian for the cannon for defense in case the Indians made attack. George Washington Bean lost his arm when the cannon in the fort exploded. His parents despaired of George's life for weeks, until President Young and counselors came and gave him a blessing that gave faith and promise to this 18-year old man of courage. Flora wrote, "Grandfather did enjoy his children and grandchildren, and how Grandmother loved to cook those big dinners for them. This staunch, intelligent helpmate was taken from her loved ones on November 16, 1864, in Provo, Utah. It was not my pleasure to know grandma, but my elder sisters tell me she seemed to know everything and was calm and deliberate, and an expert seamstress. "Grandpa was so lonely. Of course the girls kept house for him, in turn, but he soon married again, a widow, Amelia Huntington Jarvis, who had two children, Agnes and a baby boy. They were divorced and he married "Little Mary", or Hedve Mary Stromfeldt, and later Elizabeth Rosequist, a young housekeeper. They separated also and she married Leveridge and raised nine children." While James Bean was a worker in public affairs, he shrank from public office, but felt at ease in establishing necessary industry. The last home he built and decorated was by the Mill Race. The Hoover Mill was just northeast of Grandpa's house and the old adobe yard, and molasses mill yard were over the creek, or mill race, west. His granddaughter, Flora Bean Horn, in 1934 writes of remembering his granary, his fine orchard and his carpenter shop and seeing him carve and cut fancy porch posts. She remembers him as industrious as long as he could walk. Flora describes him as a patient peace-maker and valiant defender of the Truth. James Bean died at the home of his daughter, Mary E. Bean Haws, wife of Amos Whitcomb Haws, June 29, 1882, leaving a numerous posterity and hosts of friends. Florence Bean Horne Garrett Bean George Washington Bean Bernie Bean Garada G. Adams

Life timeline of James Bean

1804
James Bean was born on 3 Mar 1804
James Bean was 9 years old when Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice is first published in the United Kingdom. Jane Austen was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels, which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century. Austen's plots often explore the dependence of women on marriage in the pursuit of favourable social standing and economic security. Her works critique the novels of sensibility of the second half of the 18th century and are part of the transition to 19th-century literary realism. Her use of biting irony, along with her realism and social commentary, have earned her acclaim among critics and scholars.
James Bean was 22 years old when The Erie Canal opens: Passage from Albany, New York to Lake Erie. The Erie Canal is a canal in New York, United States that is part of the east–west, cross-state route of the New York State Canal System. Originally, it ran 363 miles (584 km) from where Albany meets the Hudson River to where Buffalo meets Lake Erie. It was built to create a navigable water route from New York City and the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes. When completed in 1825, it was the second longest canal in the world and greatly affected the development and economy of New York, New York City, and the United States.
James Bean was 28 years old when Charles Darwin embarks on his journey aboard HMS Beagle, during which he will begin to formulate his theory of evolution. Charles Robert Darwin, was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and, in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
James Bean was 36 years old when Samuel Morse receives the patent for the telegraph. Samuel Finley Breese Morse was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
James Bean was 56 years old when Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species. Charles Robert Darwin, was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and, in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
James Bean was 59 years old when U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring the freedom of all slaves in Confederate territory by January 1, 1863. Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through the American Civil War—its bloodiest war and perhaps its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy.
James Bean was 74 years old when Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound. Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park", he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
James Bean died on 29 Jun 1882 at the age of 78
BillionGraves.com
Grave record for James Bean (3 Mar 1804 - 29 Jun 1882), BillionGraves Record 24412 Provo, Utah, Utah, United States

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