Hugh Adams

1829 - 1917

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Hugh Adams

1829 - 1917
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My Grandfather June 4, 1829--------July 23, 1917 In attempting to write something about the life and labors of Hugh Adams and do it justice I would have to have much more information about him, viewed from all angles, than I have been able to accumulate. However, so that others, who may be intereste

Life Information

Hugh Adams


Logan City Cemetery

Tenth East
Logan, Cache, Utah
United States


May 21, 2012


May 11, 2012

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Memories and History of Hugh Adams

Contributor: vlsimon Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

My Grandfather June 4, 1829--------July 23, 1917 In attempting to write something about the life and labors of Hugh Adams and do it justice I would have to have much more information about him, viewed from all angles, than I have been able to accumulate. However, so that others, who may be interested in his life may know more about him than has been written to date I have assembled the following facts and bits of information. (See pedigree chart.) In an old book entitled, “The Works of Robert Burns, Vol.1,” owned by Hugh Adams which was published in London, England 1866, I find this information covering the children of George and Margaret Adams: Hugh Adams born in Old Craighall, Scotland, June 4, 1829 James Adams “ March 9, 1831 George Adams “ January 8, 1833 Marion Adams “ October 14, 1835 Agnes Adams “ March 4, 1837 Walter Adams “ October 4, 1839 Thomas Adams “ December 20, 1841 Margaret Adams “ February 25, 1843 John Adams “ July 23, 1847 How many of the above children of George and Margaret Adams came to the United States to make their home, outside of Hugh and James who joined the Latter Day Saints Church in 1852, I am unable to find out with any degree of certainty. I am led to believe, however, that most of them did. As mentioned elsewhere in these writings I have met and visited with some of the children of the above mentioned brothers and sisters of Hugh Adams. These I met in the vicinity of Toledo, Ohio late in the summer of 1938. Then I know that Walter, Born in 1839 came to Senica, Illinois where he made his home and operated a saloon. He never married. Margaret, born in 1843 came to this country where she married a man by the name of Scott. They made their home in St. Louis Missouri. My father visited her in her home in St. Louis in 1913 while he was there serving a mission for the L. D. S. Church. As my step-mother Armenia Parry Adams prepared a biographical sketch of Hugh Adams which was written for his seventy fifth birthday, June 4, (line missing in working copy) to this Hugh Adams’ Life account some of the life (words missing) his children by Mary Horlacher Adams his second wife, as (words missing) able to do so. GENEALOGY Hugh Adams and Margaret Ann Webster (first wife) were married in Salt Lake City, Utah July 23, 1855 then moved shortly after to Spanish Fork, Utah. Children of this Union Hugh Adams Jr. born at Spanish Fork, Utah May 11, 1856 d. 4 Aug 1925 Orval Adams “ June 19, 1858 d. 3 Apr 1933 Margaret Adams born at Logan, Utah June 12, 1860 d. 27 Mar 1922 Geroge Walter Adams “ Sept. 21, 1862 d. 2 Mar 1905 Margaret Ann Webster Adams died September 21, 1862 in Logan, Cache, Utah. Hugh Adams married Mary Horlacher, (second wife) July 11, 1863. Children of this Union Willie Adams born at Logan, Utah June 11, 1864 Mary Adams “ August 14, 1865 Died February ?, 1944 John Q. Adams “ December 16, 1866 Died March 22, 1945 Anna Barbara Adams “ November 8, 1870 Died December 21, 1958 Albert Adams “ October 9, 1876 Died July 20, 1878 Mary Horlacher Adams died October 27, 1887 in Logan, Cache, Utah. Hugh Adams married Alice Smith (third wife) May 19, 1866. Children of this Union Alice Louisa born at Logan, Utah January 8, 1868 d. 1 Mar 1868 Joseph S. “ January 27, 1869 d. 22 Feb 1933 Elisabeth Ann “ October 8, 1870 d. 20 Sep 1893 Peter “ April 3, 1873 d. 3 Apr 1873 Agness “ July 6, 1875 d. 22 Nov 1952 Emma “ July 23, 1877 d. 23 Jul 1877 Walter “ July 17, 1878 d. 7 Apr 1958 Thomas S. “ April 29, 1881 James S. “ May 4, 1883 d. 3 Sep 1945 Helen Cecelia “ February 19, 1885 Alice Smith Adams was born April 6, 1848, died October 3, 1927 in Logan, Cache, Utah. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF HUGH ADAMS By Armenia Parry Adams In the little village of Old Craighall, Inveresk Parish, County of Edinburg (Midlothian), Scotland, lived a bonnie young couple, by the name of George and Margaret Adams. They were not possessed with an abundance of this World’s goods, but they were happy for they enjoyed health and strength and both worked in the coal mines. One beautiful summer day on the 4th of June 1829 was born to them a bonnie wee baby boy, their first child, the subject of this sketch. Their hearts were filled with joy and carefully they guarded this wee lad. He was his Mother’s boy, for had he not her eyes and nose? The father said, “what shall we name the laddie?” The mother, whose heart was full of love for one had done much for her, said, “if it please her husband dear she would name him Hugh after her own dear father”, so Hugh he has been called for the last eighty five years. His early years were happy ones. He attended the village school and learned rapidly, but as soon as he was big enough to, must work in the coal mines and assist in the support of the family which now numbered nine children. Although these honest Scotchmen worked so hard they scarcley ever beheld the Light of day, yet of an evening a few neighbors would gather and enjoy themselves with music and stories, dance and song. Hugh soon learned music and singing and now if you ask him he will sing you one of those old scotch songs. In his home town the early youth of Hugh until early in the year 1852. Having heard some little of the gospel, he went to England where he heard the principles of the everlasting gospel more fully explained and his honest heart fully embraced it. He applied for baptism and on the 6th day of April 1852 he was baptized in the North Umberland. So this young man whose heart was filled with joy of the gospel of truth and salvation, returns to Scotland to proclaim the glad news to his loved ones that they might too be partakers of that joy and peace which comes to the hearts of all true believers, but alas, like thousands of others he was doomed to disappointment for his relatives and friends could not understand it and only one brother, James, of his own family ever embraced the gospel. Some few of his friends and coworkers in the mines afterwards embraced in, among them being Brother Andrew King. The spirit of gathering rested upon Hugh and he saved his hard earnings, that he might journey to Utah, the home of the Saints. Accordingly on the 12th of March 1854, he and his brother James sailed from Liverpool and were seven weeks and two days of the sea, arriving in New Orleans in the early part of May. Then they sailed up the Mississippi in the Robert L. Campbell company. They landed at the Kansas camping grounds and remained a few weeks to prepare for the journey westward across the plains. While here the cholera broke out among the cams and scores died of this dreadful disease causing sorrow and sadness among those who were left. Soon after they were organized with captains over every ten, then another captain over every hundred, and were expected to take their turns in walking and driving the cattle for there were two or more yoke of oxen to every wagon and one driver on each side. An old trusty yoke was placed as leaders while young and sometimes unbroken ones were placed to follow. Now, be it known that our scotch lad Hugh knew now of the ways of the wild horned oxen for with such things as these he had never before worked. One day as he was driving, the leaders being very tired, lagged and our young man anxious to travel faster, takes the but end of his whip to poke the leader and of course steps right to the head of the young wild ox which seeing his leader in danger, thinks he will help him. So bending down his head undertakes to lift the young Scotsman by the seat of his (unreadable section). They arrive in Salt Lake City about the first of October 1854. He obtains work in a quarry getting out rock for some public works. Hugh was not in the city many months when he met a beautiful scotch lassie, Margaret Webster by name. They would meet at the church every Sunday, Hugh was seen walking home with the beautiful Maggie and by and by the would call on her of an evening so that when July 23, 1855 came their friends were not surprised to hear of their marriage. In a short time after this, work on the public improvement stopped and Hugh and his young wife moved to Spanish Fork where they lived for about four years. While here on the 7th of January 1857 he was ordained a Seventy. In March 1860 he left Spanish fork and moved to Logan arriving here in April and settled in the Third Ward. They endured the hardships and privations of settling a new country but they loved the gospel and were happy with their little ones about them. His trials were to be still greater for on the 21st of Sept, 1862 his beloved wife died, leaving him with kind friends who cared for his little ones. The next year he is on an errand to old father Millery”s and sees a young Swiss women who is so pleasand and kind that he thinks she would make a good mother for his little ones and he looses no time about it for that same evening he goes over to see her and for long eh make known his desire and she accepts him and son on July 10, 1863 he marries the beautiful kind hearted Mary Horlacher. With kind and loving heart she cares for the little motherless children and they in turn love her and call her mother. In those early days of Logan people had to work hard to obtain the common necessities of life and many things, we now call common necessities were luxeried in those days. Sugar cost ten dollars a pound and calico one dollar a yard and as for fruit, except a few wild berries, what was beyond the reach of the common people as you might know when you learn that on one occasion this same brother Hugh and his family were about to move to Malad, but he and his brother James were members of the Brass Band and what would the people of Logan do if the band were to break up, by the mind of Apostle Ezra T. Benson and he goes to Brother Hugh and offers him two peaches if he will only remain in Logan and the offer was accepted. But I think he must of offered something more for Hugh’s oldest daughter afterwords became the wife of one of Apostle Benson’s sons. Broth Hugh remained a member of the Brass band for many years. There were some few things in abundance which could be had for nothing, such as air and sunshine and water, and land which is all dotted with beautiful homes and forming a part of our city now, could be had then for a song or a little more for our Scotch miner was informed by a leading brother that he might homestead a quarter section which now forms a goodly portion of the seventh ward but he said, “Aye mon there too many woolies”. Could he have looked into the future, he would of willingly followed the counsel and taken the land “woolies” and all, and today he might have been a little less than a millionaire. At another time he was offered a city lot for two sheep but the sheep were considered of more value than the lot for they could be eater and the lot could not. Now that same lot is valued by its owner at about twenty five hundred dollars. Hugh was always of a jovial nature and cracking jokes with other folks. New in town, not far away, lived a young black eyed Scotch lassie by the name of Alice smith and of beaux she had a plenty. So Hugh one day thought he would give her a joke or two says he, why by the way don’t you get married?” “I cannot find anyone that will take me”, replied the Merry lass. “Why not have me?” “Alright”, said she and so the day was set and on May 19, 1866 they were married. In the fall of 1874, Brother Hugh, in connection with fifty others was called to labor as a mason of the St. George Temple. Leaving Logan on the 4th of November and Returning April 18, 1875. Sometime after this when the Logan Temple was in course of ********, he labored as a mason on it. September 9, 1883 he was set apart as one of the presidents of the 64the Quorum of Seventy. He also labored as a teacher in the 5th Ward Sunday School for many years and was faithful in all his callings. Another proof of his integrity to the gospel and to his family, was his enduring imprisonment rather than deny his plural wife and family. Not of parting with his beloved companion, for on Oct. 27, 1887 his beloved wife Mary, who had been a mother to all his children as it were, was trust in God who gives him solace and comfort for the gospel of Jesus Christ has taught him that there is eternal life beyond the grave to all who will prove faithful. When the Logan Temple was opened for ordinances, Brother Hugh and his wives labored for the salvation of the dead, so also have some of his children and grandchildren. Not only has he labored for his own dead but he has labored and is still laboring for other dead for great shall be his reward for indeed he is a savior upon Mt. Zion. Dec, 9, 1895 he was ordained a High Priest which office and priesthood he still holds. His children, had there been one more, Would have numbered and even score. His grandchildren two score and o’er, His great grandchildren six and four, Tonight all of the Adams clan With a few other friends who can, Have met to honor this young man, We wish the Lord will ever bless Him with good health and happiness, And with pure joy to great excess. There is one other thing which he must face His relationship to which, I couldn’t trace For in his genealogical record so fine Is a very good recipe for Black Currant wine. The above three pages were first written by my stepmother in June of 1904 and read at the seventy fifth anniversary of Hugh Adams, June 4th . Ten years later on his eighty fifth birthday it was again read. The foregoing article is correct in factual information having been taken in the most part from the Hugh Adams journals by Armenie Parry Adams. JVA. The following page is a recreation of Hugh’s Declaration to become a Citizen of the U.S. D E C L A R A T I O N O F I N T E N T I O N TO BECOME A CITIZEN OF THE UNITED STATES I Hugh Adams, do declare, on oath, that it is bonefide, my intention to become a Citizen of the United States, and to renounce, and abjure forever, all allegiance and fidelity, to all and any for- eign Prince, Potentate, State and Soverenty whaterver and particul- arly to Her Majesty Victoria Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, of whom I was a Subject. (sg) Hugh Adams Sworn Before Me, at my office at Provo City this fourteenth Day of March A. D. 1859. (sg) Lucein N. Scovil Clerk of the United States 2nd. District Court, in and for the Territory of Utah. ________**________ ** I, Lucein W, Scovile, Clerk of the 2nd, Judicial District Court of the United States, in and for the Territory of Utah, do certify that the above is a true copu of the Original Declaration of Intention of Hugh Adams to become a citizen of the United States of America, remaining of record in my office. In Testimony Whereon, I have known the subscribed by name, and ?????? the seal, of the said court at my ????, at Provo City in said second District, this four- teenth day of March, A.D. 1859. Lucein N. Scovil, Clerk S E A L United States of America 2nd District Court TERRITORY OF UTAH Mary Horlacher, my paternal grandmother, was born in Umiken, Aargau Canton, Switzerland on March 13, 1831. Seeing that she married Hugh Adams July 10, 1863 she very probably emigrated to America prior to the year 1860. As a large group of Swiss people moved into Cache Valley in and around Logan in 1860-1861 she could have come with them. After arriving in Logan she made her home with the name of Mallroy where she was living at the time she met Hugh Adams, I lack much information pertaining to her younger life in Switzerland, however, she must have joined the Church rather young in life for as a girl in her early teens we knew her to have been a custodian in the Lutheran Church. As he took care of her janitorial duties she would place Mormon tract and other literature in the pews of some of those who came to worship. How she did this without being found out by the Church’s Minister is not known, however, I am of the opinion she used caution as to how and where she put out such literature. How many people she thus influenced into joining Mormonism likewise is not known, but, this we do know: she, more than anyone else was responsible for bringing the Zellinger family of Providence into the Church. She must have been an outstanding lady, true and devoted. I remember as a youth, of going to testimony meetings in the old Fifth Ward Church, and listening to grandfather Hugh Adams take part in those meetings. He told of joining the church in Scotland and of how his decision to do so brought pain to the hearts of his parents and other members of their family. Of how he and his brother James would steal out at nights in order to listen to the elders as they taught the principles of the restored gospel, and of how agony was so evident in his parents when he and his brother decided to leave their homeland for America, to be with the saints. I have listened to him as he told of happenings as he and James were crossing the ocean to New Orleans and of his trip up the Mississippi on river boats to the gathering place of the saints as they mad up wagon trains to travel overland to the mountain valleys, how he stood on the side of open graves as those whose lives had flickered out trying to ?????? on the trails of the journey, now put to rest. Then someone would commence singing, “Come, Come Ye Saints”, and all the rest would join in it’s melody, thus boeyed up the spirits once more they would face the setting sun as on to the “Valley” they trod. When Hugh Adams came down out of Emigration Canyon Oct. 4, 1854 the soles of his shoes were completely gone, however, “My feet were as hard as flint as I jumped from rock to rock,” I heard him say. “I continued to wear the top part of my shoes to protect my feet on the top an d sides from scratches and other flesh wounds which might come from the under brush and thistles as I trod along.” Grandfather Adams seemed to have a liking for stone work for almost at once after entering the Salt Lake Valley he started to work in a stone quarry getting out building rock on some welfare work project. Then it could have been that this work was the only available work to be had at that time, and he learned a trade in so doing. After marring Margaret Webster on July 23, 1855 they moved to Spanish Fork, Utah to make a home. Here he was ordained a Seventy Jan. 7, 1857 and here he made or filed his intention to become a citizen of the United States. His first two children were born in Spanish Fork. Hugh Jr. in 1856 and Orval in 1858. I am unable to come up with any reliable information as to why Hugh Adams moved to Spanish fork, Utah. It could have been as a builder working in stone: it could have been agriculture or then again it might have been that the Black Hawk war took him that way, for he was a veteran of those Indian conflicts which took place about that time. My son Paul has the 38 caliber rim-fire rifle used by Hugh Adams in those skirmishes between the white man and Indians. I am most certain Grandfather was not satisfied with things in general, living in Spanish Fork, for we find him leaving that area in April of 1860 and moving northward into Cache Valley and settling in the west central portion of the new town-site of Logan. Logan had been settled in the late summer previous to the coming of Hugh Adams, by half a dozen families who started a settlement by building a few squatter tents and shacks somewhere between Smith’s Brothers Lumber Yard and the corner to the south, part of the so-called “Island.” The year 1860 was a boom year for Cache Valley in general and also the infant settlement of Logan. I am led to believe that various articles appearing in the Deseret News in the late summer of 1859 and early 1960 brought about this tremendous influx of families from Salt Lake City and southward into Cache Valley. Also new immitrants into the Salt Lake area were encouraged to come north. In speaking of Cache Valley in late 1859 Brigham Young made this statement, “No other Valley in the territory is equal to this.” It is reported that the Swiss converts to Mormonism in those days found in Cache Valley a resemblance to their own native mountains of Switzerland, thus many of those people came Logan way. I am led to believe that that is what was responsible in bringing Mary Horlacher to Logan in those years. She married Hugh Adams in July of 1863. Peter Waughan published the following article in the Deseret News in the summer of 1859 which undoubtedly Grandfather Adams took not of: It may probabley be interesting to some of your readers to hear from this isolated region its extent, resources, improvements etc. The length of this valley from north to south is about forty miles, the breadth from east to west is about twelve miles. There are four new settlements already located towards the south end of the valley. The farming land is extensive, the water for irrigation and all kinds of machinery is abundant, in short, it is the best watered valley I have yet seen in these mountains. The range for the stock in summer season is excellent, and there is a reasonable amount of grass land in the vicinity of each settlement already located, and plenty of good land and grass further north for other settlements. There is plenty of timber consisting chiefly of pine, maple and quaking-asp. There are over one hundred families engaging in agriculture and other pursuits at the present time. Then to add fuel to the fire of the already existing, “Cache Valley Fever”, the editor of the Deseret News wrote in March 1860: Emigrants have been constantly passing through this city (Salt Lake) for two or three months on their way to Cache Valley, and more especially since the winter season ended. How many have gone there this spring is not known, at least no definite report has been made, but judging from the hundreds of wagons and teams that have been moving in that direction, some of the cities, settlements, towns and villages in Utah County, (this is where Hugh Adams was living, however in April we find him in Logan having just arrived) and perhaps some settlements in the southern part of Salt Lake County must have ????ily decreased in population in consequence of the moving northward by those in search of new homes and ??? ??? ???. Coming into Cache Valley in April of 1860 Hugh Adams found a string-town of log houses and sheds along what is now Center Street, running west from what is now Main Street, about three city blocks. In January of 1860 this string of dirt roofed log houses was but two blocks long. This was the common, early day settlement arrangement, built as a protection against Indian raids. If Hugh Adams ever lived in this fort-like string of log houses with his family when they arrived in Logan in April of 1860, I am unable to find out. After considerable reading and inquiry upon that subject I am led to believe that a survey in what is now the central area of Logan had already been completed and that Grandfather Adams moved at once onto his assigned lot which was on the corner of second north and third west streets. My reader will remember that his family at that time consisted of himself and wife Margaret Webster Adams and two suns, Hugh Jr. and Orval. Between the years from April 30, 1860, the date he arrived in Logan, until April 30, 1869 the date he moved his family from the Third Ward up to the Fifth Ward not too much is recorded about his doings other than the fem notes of interesting events I have made not of further on. Hugh Adams married his third wife, Alice smith, May 19, 1866 while he was yet living with his second wife in the Third Ward. At this time Mary Horlacher Adams was mothering four small children of his first wife along with three of her own so it is quite evident that Alice Smith Adams did not live in with Mary Horlacher Adams and where she did live at the time I am unable to asertain with any degree of correctness, however, several of her children were born in the four room log house in the Fifth Ward. As there is but three years since Hugh Adams married Alice Smith until he moved to the Fifth Ward with his whole family I think the log house previously mentioned was erected prior to his marriage to Alice Smith. Between the birth of Walter July 17, 1878, the last of her children born in this log house and the birth, of Thomas S. The house no second North street which today (1950) comprises one room in the present house occupied by Mrs. Carrie (Walton) Adams. I have in my possession a ground plan of the old log house just mentioned above. This sketch was given me about 1918 by my uncle Walter Adams. It is in Huh Adams’ own handwriting. The log house was built just back of my old home in Logan and faced the east. The three rooms along the west were razed about 1898 leaving the east room standing until about 1906. I remember the old house quite clearly. The east room was my Dad’s buggy shed and grain house until I was about fourteen years old whin I helped raze it. Alittle elderly gentleman by the name of Nielse Nielsen who was sustained by the Fifth Ward in his later years sawed it up into stove and furnace blocks. When Hugh Adams left the Third Ward he and his family were living in a small log house on the corner of Third West and Second North Street. This move was made April 30, 1869. His first wife Margaret Webster had passed away in this house in the Third Ward in September 1862, leaving him with the following children: Hugh Adams Jr., Orval Adams, Margaret Adams and George W. Adams. Grandfather married his second wife, Mary Horlacher, July 11, 1663. Her children born in the log house in the Third Ward: Willie, Mary Ann, and John Q. So Grandfather Hugh Adams and Grandmother Mary Horlacher Adams had seven children as they moved into their new home in the Fifth Ward. The four room log house Hugh Adams built in the Fifth Ward could have been built for his third wife Alice Smith Adams, for before he moved up into the East end of Logan to make his home she had had two children. When Mary Horlacher Adams with seven children moved to the Fifth Ward it is possible, she along with her children might have lived for some time in the log house with Aunt Alice, however, later on in her life she live in the four room adobe house which is now part of my old home, for it was here in the east room of this adobe house she passed away October 27, 1887 after which Hugh Adams lived with Alice on 2nd North. As the information I uncover pertaining to the personal life and thinking of Hugh Adams jumps around considerable, I must also jump around more or less as I record it. Some of the items found might seem of little or no value, however, to me it shows a way of life. Then again as the reader goes over these various accounts and items the reader will be able to visualize a much larger picture than just the words put down in his various records. October 29, 1869 Grandfather Adams paid his herd bill with 171 Pounds of corn. In questioning my father at one time about these herd bill accounts, he told me of how in those early Logan days, two or more of the young men would go together and form various kinds of herds. Some would gather up milch cows from various citizens and drive those animals up on the bench where the Agricultural College or new Fifth Ward Church building now stands or else west down the “Cow Lane” road to pasture land where good feed could be obtained and stay with their charges during the day then return them to their owners at sundown for milking. The next morning those cows were again driven off to feed. For this service a certain fee was paid. Sheep and cattle were taken out by other young men who would take such animals further away from town and into higher bench or mountain areas. So the 171 pounds of corn Hugh Adams paid could have been for either milch cows, dry stock or sheep. We see now, that on Saturday Sept. 4, 1869 he dug Apostle Ezra T. Bensons’s grave and was paid $2.50 for the job by Mrs. Benson. Apostle Benson died the day before in Ogden with a heart attack and was buried on Monday Sept. 6the. The eldest son of apostle Benson (B.Y. Benson) married Margaret, the eldest daughter of grandfather Hugh Adams. On October 21, 1870 he records receiving the first number of the Salt Lake Herald news paper and paying three months in advance for it. Now he records this: May 26, 1870 Bishop Willliam B. Preston advanced me 261/4 pounds of powder. The next day, May 27, Thos. E. Ricks sold him a role of fuse for one dollar. At this time in Logan’s history Bishop divided into five areas or subdivisions with a branch president over each, however, on Dec. 6, 1874 these five branches were made into Wards with a bishop over each. Hugh Adams seems to have kept abreast of the times as he went along. Besides receiving the Salt Lake Herald he reports receiving Scotch papers from his brother John in Old Craighall, April 16, 1870 he records receiving the Peoples Journal, then on July 5, the Glasgow Sentinal. He records hauling rock for 40 cents per load during he month of August 1870. Then when he laid ut up in foundations or buildings he was paid $3.00 per day and $1.00 per day for any of his boys when they worked with him. Jan. 13, 1871 his record contains this insertion, “Took a grist t the mill today and got 300 pounds of flour. Here is a tithing account dated Jan. 3 1871: Turned in 4 ½ pounds of butter. In August he paid 1150 pounds of hay along with some wool. Dec 4., 1871 shows he paid that day 65 ½ pounds of molasses, 4 bushels of wheat and $5.00 credit in mutton. Dec. 30, 28 pounds of pork. He kept track of things rather closely for I find this, May 25, 1871 took my cow to James Quale’s bull. It will come in 25th of Feb. 1872. Sept, 14, paid his blacksmith bill with $1.55 in mutton. Nov. 24, 1871 he paid on his school account to Mr. Crocrwell by fixing and daubing windows. Also on bushel of potaoes. When a year from this time, Dec. 10, 1872 he paid on school account by white washing school $1.50, he furnished lime at $.50 then window Lights 10 cents, next he put on a door knob at 65 cents. This same winter he rented one of his rooms at $3.00 per mo. Besides keeping close account of bills etc, he prepares for sickness for I find this receipt: Laxative medicine, also good for stomach and blood. Epson slats 2 oz. Maginicia 2 oz. Soda 2 oz. Cream of Tartar 2 oz. Tartaric Acid 2 oz. Sugar 2 oz. Put together in a closed bottle and shake well while dry, Take one table spoon full in glass of water and rest your stomach. Next I find where he rented another room on Dec. 1, 1872 for two bushel of wheat per month, then a whole house for $3.50 per month. How is this next item as a ????? cure? Boil sage to a strong solution, then sweeten with sugar and boil again. Very good! Next: To replenish his ego he records these two verses: What is the use of repining, For where ther’s a will ther’s a way, Tomorrow the sun may be shining, Altho it is cloudy today. Did you ever hear tell of the spider? That tried hard the wall to climb. If not, then take that as a guider, I’m sure it will serve you in time. I take from his diary the following incidents pertaining to his call to work on the construction of the St. George Temple. This was a missionary call and he was in charge of the mission and men from Logan who comprised the same: On November 4, 1874, Wednesday at about ten thirty in the morning I left Logan on a mission to work on the St. George Temple. The first day we traveled to the Bigler Place. Very stormy and very bad roads. THURSDAY 5, arrived in Brigham City. The night was very stormy. FRIDAY 6, camped at Willard. Stormy and snowy. Three inches of snow at night. SATURDAY 7, stormed nearly all day. Broke our wagon tongue. Camped at Ogden at night. SUNDAY 8, a good day. Camped at Kay’s ward. MONDAY 9, Good day. First time sun has shown since we left home. TUESDAY 10, good day. Camped at Smith’s Point of Mountain. WEDNESDAY 11, a splendid day. Good traveling Camped at Provo. THURSDAY 12, Excellent traveling only between Pond Town and Payson. Camped at Payson. Sent first telegram to Bishop Preston. FRIDAY 13, A severe snow storm. Camped at Nephi or Salt Creek. Traveled 26 miles from Payson. SATURDAY 14, Pleasant day. Traveled the right hand road from Laven. Nooned at Chicken Creek. Camped at Sevier bridge. 28 miles from Nephi. SUNDAY 15, nooned at Scipio, ten miles from Sevier. Camped at Cedar Springs City, 24 miles From Secior bridge. MONDAY 16, ten miles to Fillmore, eight to Meadow Creek, four miles to Kanosh. This day Sent a telegram to Bishop Preston Sent a letter home. Camped at this place. TUESDAY 17, nooned at Cove Creek, 22 miles from Corn Creek. Camped at Tin Creek, 29 miles from Corn Creek. WEDNESDAY 18, came through Wild Cat Canyon. Nooned at Cottonwood ranch 12 miles from Tin Creek. Camped at Beaver, 20 miles from Pine Creek. THURSDAY 19, Heavy traveling. Camped at Buck Horn Creek, 20 miles from Beaver, Iron Co. FRIDAY 20, Passed through Paragonnah or Red Creek. Nooned at Parawan. Sent a telegram to Bishop Preston. Camped at Summit, 20 miles from Buck Horn Spring. SATURDAY 21, Nooned at Cedar City, 12 miles from Summit. This afternoon terrible traveling. Snowing and rain. Camped at Kanarrah, 25 miles from Summit. SUNDAY 22, terrible roads. Nooned at Black Ridge. Passed Belleview, 15 miles from Cedar City. Camped at Leeds, 25 miles from Cedar. Mild and very warm. MONDAY 23, Pleasant morning. Passed through Creek or Harrisburg, Pleasant little place about four miles from Leeds. Beautiful place considering nature of place. Landed in St. George about 3:00 PM. Making the trip with our whole team in 20 days form Logan and just 16 days form Salt Lake City. Finished my mission and started home March 6, 1875. Arrived in Logan March 18. Hugh Adams records that Bishop Preston sent he and his men $50.00 in two $25.00 payments, while they were in St. George. Grandfather was placed in charge of this work mission. I remember on one occasion of him speaking about this mission, and of how some of the men under him became disgruntled and moody, finding fault with things in general. They were seated around a camp fire at night. Hugh Adams listened to all he could take, then standing erect and holding his massive right hand high in the air, rebuked his charges, demanding that they cease fault finding at once or he would release them now and send them home in dishonor. This reprehension cleared the air for the term of their mission. There was no more fault finding. The corner stone of the Logan temple was laid on Sept. 17, 1877. From this date until its completion, Hugh Adams along with his boys spent much time in its construction. At times when he was not actively engaged in construction work he acted as a night guards man. I find these notes placed out of sequence in one of his record books: George and William started to Mr. Davis' school on wednesday May 7, 1873. Mary (Aunt Mary Haws) started to the Fifth Ward school, monday May 19, 1873. The Fifthe Ward school refered to here was the school located on the corners of 4th East and 5th North streets and was a 16X32 foot log building which also was used for Church purposes. As near as I am able to find out the Mr. Davis's school was the one located just across the street from Dad's home on thrid north street. This building was also used as a dance hall prior to the time that the temple builder built the Old Rock or Parry school building. We now have a period of about nine years during which time only a few notation are found through out several of his record books. These notations I have entered in my writings as I have met up with them. We now find this: November 6, 1886 "Was arrested for unlawful cohabitation. Came before the Grand Jury saturday December 18, and glad to ??????? indictment before Judge, on thursday evening Dec. 23, I will be sentenced monday Jan. 3, 1887." What sentence he drew he made no note of however, it could have been 18 months or ther about. He recores his prison officers as being a Mr. C. L. Brown, Warden: Mr. Curtis, Turnkey: a Mr. Doil was Guard. On the same page he makes this notation, "The size of a dobie is 11 X 5 X 3 1/4 in. thick." Now back to prison items, "The Warden has my knife and fork combination, my razor, a sack of dried apples and some sasafrace medicine." February of 1887 must have been a long month for Hugh Adams for we find this item: On February 30th. "The various nationalities in the Utah Prison are, England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, American, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Italian, Spanish, German, Mexican, Indian, China, New Zealand, Negro, Netherland." Before Grandfather Adams gave himself up to the Utah territorial law officials to begin his prison term for having more than one wife he deeded and otherwise turned all his property over to my father to be managed and cared for until the time of pardon arrived. Then a full and complete transfer was made back to it's rightful owner, Hugh Adams. R E S O L U T I O N S O F R E S E P C T We the pupils of the Theological Class of the Logan Fifth Ward Sunday School, unanimously adopt the following Resolution: WHERE AS our dearly beloved teachers, Bros. Hugh Adams and Robert Henderson are to be incarcerated in Prison for obeying the laws of God and, WHERE AS their labors in the Sabbath School have been faithfully performed and appreciated by us, we respectfully adopt the following: RESOLVED that we do acknowledge in this separation the loss of faithful, loving and wise teachers. RESOLVED that we esteem their past faithful labors and devotion to duty as worth of the admiration and emulation of us all. RESOLVED that we give them our faith and prayers, and that we deeply sympathize with their families while thus for a time separated from their loving husbands and fathers. We also take pleasure in presenting them with some books which we sincerely hope will in some measure help to solace the lonely hours and relieve the monotony of their prison life and bring to their thoughts pleasing memories of their loving and affectionate pupils. Hugh Adams makes reference to a Royal B. Young who was shown in a dream that he , Mr. Young would not have to serve his full time in the prison but would be released much earlier that usual. Whether Young was released earlier or not is not made mention of. The Grandfather Adams makes this notation pertaining to my fathers's age, "John's age, 21 years on the 16th of next December". As made mention of previously, when Hugh Adams entered the Utah State Prison all of his possessions, including real estate, had been deeded to my father for safe handeling should anything happen to him while in prison. This brings to my recollection: at one time Dad was running for Mayor of Logan City on the Republican ticket and hsi opponent a Mr. Thatcher seemed to run across this bit of ancient history of Hugh adams turning all his property to his son John Q. as the Hugh went to prison, then said Thatcher, "The scoundrel, John Q. Adams did not have the common decency to return the property back to his father, do we want him for Mayor?" However, that is politics. I find these few lines tucked away amoung several pages of various accounts, both payable and collectable. "Steadfastness and integrity to principal are needed by Later Day Saints. God has chosen us out of the world and has given us a great mission. I do not contai8n a doubt myself, that we were sellected and forordained for this mission before the world was, that we had our parts alloted to us in this mortal stage of existance as our Savior had said." Then I find these verses a few pages further along: THERE IS ALWAYS A TURN IN THE ROAD There is always a turn in the road they say If you journey along you will find it. Why falter here now, neath the cloud of today, When we know there is sunshine behind it. CHORUS: No matter how heavy your sorrow may be, Remembered they'er Heaven bestowed, Brace up, be a man, and you'll yet live to see, There is always a turn in the road. There's always a turn in the road they say, No matter how straight it appears, If you Patiently toil through the wearisome day, you conquer your doubts and your fears. Be true to yourself, and be firm and be bold, Though torture your spirit may goad, REMEMBER THAT HONOR IS BETTER THAN GOLD, And you'll yet find the turn in the road. There's always a far sweeter song unsung, than any the world has heard, There's always a lute, tho mute and unstrung, That will thrill into life at a word. And what thou you struggle in poverti's thrall, And think your's the heaviest load, Remember the ones that have nothing at all, But the hope of a turn in the road. These few lines Hugh Adams penned while in prison in March of 1887. "I am willing to undergo humiliation, have my head shaved and wear striped clothing rather than dishonor God. Why so? Because when I look at them (Sriped Clothing) they are an evidence of my integrity to my God, my fidelity to my wives and to my children. They are an evidance that I am not being false to my covenant with my maker, and further I am not ashamed of the mothers of my children. Jesus was nailed to the cursed tree while the murderer Barrabas was turned loose." Then a few pages more and I find this song: Neath the shadows down the meadows dead leaves lie on every side. By the river flowers shiver fading dying in their pride. Someone staying long delaying, sad the parting down the lane. I must leave you someone saying, till the roses come again. Chorus: When the roses come again, when the roses come again, I will meet you, I will greet you, when the roses come again. As I wander I will Ponder, on a happy by and by, Of a summer over yonder, fraught with joy to you and I. Do not borrow pain or sorrow In the hours that yet remain, We shall know a glad tomorrow, When the roses come again. Hugh Adams seemed to have done much reading and studying of scriptures while in the Utah State Prison serving his sentance for polygamy. During the first week in February 1887 he wrote thus: "Time rolls along with it's accustomed clerity: but the sighns of the times thicken around us with increasing rapidity, and events, will before long, transpire that will try the faithfulness of all, and they only will endure who are observing the order of God, and who humble themselves before him, by seeking to live every word as it proceeds from the mourht of God. The mightiest struggles against the powers of evil is yet to come. Fearful and tremendous will be the scenes that the present generation will witness: but lit the faithful "Fear not," for it is their Father's good pleasure to give them the Kingdom, while the trials of their faith and patience will all be found necessary to prepare them for the enjoyment of its blessings and glories. Humanity is weak and powerless in this great struggle, let the saints ever maintain a consiousness of their weaknesses that they may look to the strong for strengh and be in possession of the Spirit of God to enable them to come off more than conquerers, through our Lord Jesus." Then give us O Father Thy spirit of power, To endure and or'come in the battles of God: Let our faith be unshaken, nor fail in the hour When the nations are feeling the scourge of the rod. Let our minds be awakened, to look to the day When the wicked are crushed, and the kingdoms are Thine! When the Son shall His power and His glory display, Let me dwell in His brightness, and His glory be mine. Monday, February 7, 1887. "This evening, two of Brothers Snow's lawyers came to the prison informing him of the decision of the Supreme Court (what this decision was is not mentioned in Hugh Adam's writings) It was announced and in his favor. The welcome news was received with gratitude by all. It will effect hundreds of the Mormon people. I thank God for his overrulling kindness. In consideration of the news, the brethren in our cell this evening proposed six or seven of the brethren to speak on the subject, several of the brethren will be released from prison immediately. Yesterday, Sunday the 6th, was the Mormons Sunday to preach in this place. Three Elders and three women and two children came: an occurance took place which caused me to shed tears. When the services were going on one of the children made its way to it's father, while trying to do so the guard stopped its progress and ordered it back and would not allow it. The child's heart was like to break. The other girlie (??) was the feelings of those children. One of the women had occasion to go out with one of the children to do a turn for itself. The guard followed her to that place in case she should speak to anyone. Tuesday, February the 8th. This afternoon Lorenzo snow and Grosbeck were released from Prison, Wednesday 9th. Two more brethren were let out. Many more are expecting and looking for releases. Those who have paid the fines are the first to get out, money is the propelling power. This morning very windy and blustry. Looks like a storm. I am well and happy and feeling well." When Hugh Adams, along with his brother James left Scotland in early March of 1854 they left father, mother, brothers and sisters, never more to see any of them in this life. So I imagine this next song taken from his book of notes and accounts fits into the way he must have felt: On the banks of the lonely river ten thousand miles away I have an aged mother whose hair is turning gray. Blame me not for wandering, O blame me not I say For I must see my mother, ten thousand miles away. Chorus Then I wish I was a little bird, a little bird, I would fly so far away To the banks of a lonely river Ten thousand miles away. Today I got a letter and it came from sister dear, She spoke about my mother, I wished that she was here. They say that they have laid her, in a cold and silent grave, ????????? Last night as I lay sleeping, I had a happy dream, I dream't I saw mother praying to the Lord for me. But as years rolled on before me, I will weap and pine today, For the banks of a lonely river, ten thousand miles away. Then this: "November 16, 1888 I weighed 154 1/2 pounds." That was all muscle and bone. No fat. Then right along with the above he takes the following from Josephus page 274: Nebuzaradan gem of Babylonians army came to Jerusalem in the 11th year of King Zedekiah and carried off the vessels of the Temple and burned it on the first day of the fifth month of the 11th year of the reign of Zedekiah. And on the 18th year of the reign of Nebuchadnazzar he also burned the royal palace and over throw the city. This was fourty seven years, six months and ten days after it was built. This was 1062 years, six months, ten days after the departure out of Egypt. From the deluge to this time was 1957 years, 6 months and 10 days, and from Adam 3513 years, 6 months and ten days. Following the above he gets his tax notice, dated Sept. 13, 1888. This was on two lots or two and a half acres: Two lots and houses . . . . . . . .$600.00 7 acres land . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$ 70.00 2 cows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40.00 2 horses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60.00 1 old wagon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.00 Total Assessment $780.00 Various places throughout his record book is shown accounts with Joseph El Taylor in Salt Lake City. Mr. Taylor was the first mortician and casket maker in Utah. I am unable to come up with much information about Hugh Adams' connection with Mr. Taylor, however, Taylor must have supplied Hugh Adams with caskets and other burial needs, which Hugh Adams in turn sold to those in need. These accounts date between 1875 and 1890 at which latter date Grandfather Adams sold his remaining stock of supplies to George W. Lindquist, Logan's first mortician who commenced business in Logan about that time. Tuesday March 26, 1889 Lindquist securred two caskets form Hugh Adams for $25.00. His account book records many graves dug including costs and for whom, however, no daes of any graves dug are shown other than the year only which are through the late 70's and 80's. Wages received for grave digging ranged from $2.00 to $5.25 each. Of the many pages of grave digging accounts I recognize but very few of them. The Henry Ballard account were burials of some of Clif Cromquist's children. Then long before Hugh Adams was City sexon he dug grave for various people one of whom was Apostle Ezra T. Benson's dub one late Saturday afternoon in the summer of 1869. For this job he was paid $2.50 by Mrs. Benson. A few pages further on in his journal I find this insertion: April 18, 1896, My son George positively declared that Utah State would have no more ellections after this coming fall, 1896, because of the manifesto issued by the First Presidency. I DIFFERED WITH HIM. Then Hugh Adams makes this insertion: "Anything God has to do with, there is growth about it. Sons of god will grow up careless in the stall, heading in the wrong direction." He stopped with the word "Wrong", I inserted the word "Direction." JVA. My Thinking is, that Grandfather in writing the above had in mind his son George, as refered to just ahead of this insertion. I now find these few notations: "Up to April 4th. received from Jos. E. Taylor coffins to the amount of $257.oo. Paid on acct. $129.50. Have unsold coffins on hand; * children and 4 adults. According to his books, Hugh Adams has at least several hundred dollars of unpaid grave digging bills, or have they been paid over there? I now pass by a few pages of verses and a few Scotch jokes, however, one finds much comment about one Robert Lawsen throughout Hugh Adams' various notes. Robert Lawson came from the same town in Scotland as did Grandfather Adams, joining the Church and coming to Logan or Wellsville in the middle 1860's. He was poet and song writer. Some of his poem and songs are written in Scotch, however most of them are written in good english. In Grandfater's journals I find several poems or songs written in a different hand than that of Hugh Adam's. I sellect the following two: This under date of March 1, 1886: God's mercies I will ever sing, While I have breath to draw. With greatful homage I will bring, In honor of His law. His providence sustains me now, As it has in the past, In confidence I humbly bow, And in His mercies trust. His ordinances and his coves, will be revered by me, And daily will maintain His cause, whether on land or sea. The revelations of His will, will be my constant guide, My daily duties I'll fulfill, and in Thy law confide. And when my term of life is up, which cannot be far off, And when I taste the bitter cup, I may say, its enough. Under date of April 1, 1886 Lawson also wrote the following in one of Hugh Adams's books. Grandfather Adams must have liked these versed of Robert Lawson or he would not have had them written in his Journal. In Logan City on a hill, by something more than human skill, A Temple by divine command, A monument of act doth stand. Unnumbered saints in flocks do go, Up to the house of God they flow with holy pure and honest hearts, to overcome old satains darts, There, blessings are in store for them, and knowledge they had not Held sacred by the saints of God, within its walls receive His word. The living know that they must die, to gain a home beyond the sky, And join in that Celestial throng, where care and sorrow are unknown. The glory that awaits us there, this house of God will us prepare. The misteries of death and life, are plainely shown to man and wife. We pray to solemize our minds, as we pass through the various kinds Of ordinances revealed to man according to salvations plan. The first is baptism for the dead, to confirmation we are led, Endowments for the dead are given, to give us a fore taste of Heaven. The sacred sealing of the dead, give satisfaction to the head, To families and friends thats gone, beyond the place whence no return. We thinks within the veil we hear, those spirits that we loved so dear, Rejoicing in the work we've done to save, exault and make us one. In the economy of Heaven God's laws and ordinances are given To see if we will them obey or thoughtlessly throw them away. O horrible though, that we may say we will not trod the narrow way which leads us to eternal lives children, families, friends and wives. Here is some of Hugh Adam's thinking: "No man can tell whether he is rich or poor by turning to his ledger. It is the heart which makes the rich man. He is rich or poor according to what he is, not according to what he has." "Never risk a joke, even the least offensive in it's nature and the most common, with a person who is not well bred and possessed with sense to comprehend it." One will encounter these various notations in his journal: A son was born(Dad) on the Sabbath, Dec. 16, 1866. Blessed by myself, named John April 4, 1867, Logan, Cache, Utah. Then further on: A daughter born(Annie) Nov. 8, 1870, at one o'clock PM name Annie Barbara. Blessed by Henry Ballard, Logan city, Cache Co., Utah. January 5, 1871. In writing of himself and his wife Mary Horlacher Adams, is this, "Our first son was born Saturday, June 11, 1864, 4PM in Logan. Blessed by Brother Mickelson, Dec. 8, 1864. William Thomas." "Son was born Oct. 9, 1876 at 4 o'clock, PM, Monday. Named Albert Adams. Blessed by Thomas X. Smith(Bishop of Fourth Ward) Dec. 7, 1876, Logan city. Albert died July 20, at 2 PM, 1878." "Son William Thomas died July 16, 1880. Age 16 years, one month and five days, Logan, Cache, Utah. Hugh Adams was Logan City sexon when he made this insertion: "Took my wife's boons or remains Margaret Webster Adams, form the old grave yard (This would be the city's first grave yard which was on the block where Dan Swanson's home stands) and deposited them in the new grave yard. Feb. 8, 1881. Logan, cache, Utah." He further writes, "Received second annointings by Apostle Marriner W. Merrill, Feb. 5, 1897 in presence of Samuel Roskelly." This was an ordinance given to the outstandingly worthy church members at eh time, however, today is somewhat discontinued, for rastons I know not of. MY LAST VISIT WITH GRANDFATHER HUGH ADAMS: Late in the afternoon of Thanksgiving day, Thursday November 27, 1913 I cut though the lots to his back door where I found he and Aunt Alice in their kitchen alone. He was well along in his eighty fifth year and not as spry and snappy as I knew him to be some years earlier, however, with one's eye sight going and one's hearing not too good one would not be snappy nor spry. As I sat down beside his chair and took him by the hand, he asked, "A, who are you sonny?" "It's Jonnies boy, Vernon, he is leaving on a mission to Japan tomorrow and he has come to tell you good by."He then held my hands in his great huge palms as he gave me a blessing and asked God "Keep me well and bring me home safe." Our visit lasted a little less than an hour during which time he seemed to sense as I also did that this was our last earthly visit. He squezzed me to him tight as he said, "God bless you my boy, God bless you." He gave me my first earthly blessing as a baby being christened in the church and now he was extending those same requests to our Heavenly Father. A great sire, a wonderful man. He placed his all on the alter of sacrifice for the gospel. It could truly be said of him, "He was moulded in the crucilble of heroic effort." Then some years later while laboring in Yamansahi Ken, Kofu Shi, Japan, I wrote him the following letter which he received shortly before he passed away. It was later read at his funeral: Kofu, Japan June 27, 1917 Dear Grandfather Adams: It might be a surprise to hear from your grandson out here in Japan. Many times I have wanted to write to you with praise and thanks for what you have done for the gospel and your family. The most happy times of my life are when I think of how really blesse I am of being born into the Church of Christ in the latter days under the New and Everlasting covenant. I am indeed blessed for the privilege that I have of going into th world and declaring the message of Mormonism to the sleeping people therein. It is you Grandfather who has made these many blessings possible to your children and grandchildren upon generation shall rise up and call you blessed. You came to Utah, when other than the gospel, nothing could attract you. There you have lived and fought, toiled and striven and this day, there stands on the foundation you helped build, a mighty church, a gathering place of the Saints of God. O that we, the sons and daughters, could only understand wht you have done for us. I like my work very much. As the, "Gospel is the power of God unto salvation", all people must sometime or other hear it. I do not feel like writing more at this time, but I ask the blessings of the Lord upon you, and may you have increasing joy, for the joy you have made possible to your children and children's children, is the prayer and desire of your grandson. With Love, J. Vernon Adams. July 23, 1917 commenced as any other summer day did in Logan other than when Grandfather awoke he asked his son Walter to give him a bath, clean him up, from head to toes and shave him well. Before sunset this day Hugh Adams, surrounded by many of his children, slipped quietly away from this life's activities. Salt Lake city was but seven years old as he walked into it's valley. Logan was less than one year old as he entered it's fort like enclosure of log houses seeking a home for himself and family. A convert to the Church, emigrant from the coal mines of Scotland who walked across the plains from Winter Quarters, Iowa to the Salt Lake Valley, Pioneer settler of Cache Valley and Logan, stone mason, builder of Temples, a man true to his fellow man, his church and his God, Hugh Adams was gone. THE CHILDREN OF MARY HORLACHER ADAMS: Besides my father Mary H. Adams had four other children; William, born 1864; Mary, born 1865; Annie B., born 1870 and Albert, born 1876. Albert passed away in infancy and William died during his seventeenth year, however, what little I am able to gather about William he was of a rather religious nature and though young in years as he passed away he was very matured in the problems of life as they existed at his time. I am told that it was he who ran the survey line and along with his father, took charge of much of the building of the "Big Ditch" which carried water from the upper Logan - Hyde Park canal, around that part of the old Fifth Ward which watered yards and gardens from sixth east and fourth north street intersection running in a south westerly direction toward the Temple grounds. Robert Smith of the Smith Bros. Lumber co., who went to the early day schools with Willie and chummed with him through out their younger days, told me, "Willie was a most unusual young man, smooth spoken, slow to anger, with a mind that was quick and clear, a mathematical genius. Mary Adams (Haws) born August 14, 1865 in Logan Third Ward. She was four years old as her father moved his family from the Third Ward up to the Fifth Ward. Then my father also was born in the Third Ward and was less than three years old and the family moved from the lower portion of town up to the uper, Hugh Adams makes this notation: Mary started to the Fifth Ward school Monday May19, 1873. He also inserts, George and William started to Mr. Davis’ school, Wednesday May 7, 1873. After consulting with Fred Jacobs, (he is 84 this year, 1958, and was husband of ------ ------- ------- was the one which stood across the street from our home on East 3rd No. street. And the Fifth Ward school, where Mary went, he knew to be the old log church and school building which stood about 470 North on 4th East street. I find no mention as to who would be Aunt Mary’s teacher at that time, however, I am led to believe it might have been a Mr. Crocerwell for I find that at this same time as Mary started to school, Hugh Adams paid school tuition to this Crocerwell by repairs to his school house in amount of $2.75 and one sack of potatoes. Gladys Haws daughter of Mary Adams Haws furnishes me with the following information about her mother which she has gleaned from various insertions in Hugh Adam’s journals: Hugh Adams and Mary Horlacher Adams, were united in marriage, July 11, 1863 in Logan, by Presiding Elder Bengiman Marion Lewis, in the house of James Adams, in the Third Ward. (James Adams was a brother of Hugh Adams.) Later on this; “Mary Horlacher Adams was married to Hugh Adams in the Endowment House, Salt Lake City, Utah May 19, 1866. Sealed by Heber C. Kimball and witnessed by Joseph F. Smith.” Mary Ann Adams (Haws) being born out of covenant or prior to the sealing of Hugh Adams and Mary Horlacher Adams, was sealed to her parents March 19, 1890 in the Logan Temple. Alice Smith Adams stood proxy for Mary H. Adams who was dead. Aunt Mary Haws passed away in the eightieth year of her life, at Logan, Utah February 5, 1944. David El Haws proceded her in death some twelve or fifteen years. Then I find additional notes about Aunt Mary: Hugh Adams and Mary H. Adams’ first daughter was born Aug. 14, 1865 at half past eleven oclock AM. Blessed by Thomas Davidson Sr., Logan, Utah. June 4, 1866. (This was Hugh Adams’ thirty seventh birthday.) Aunt Mary Haws was quiet, soft spoken and slow to anger, I remember her to carry a very ladylike air in her bearing and demeanor at all times. She treated one with dignity and expected dignityshown her in return. She was kind and considerate to all. The many, many days that her son Arlington and I spent together were always days of pleasure because she always made me feel welcome in her presence. I must make mention before passing that when Hugh Adams and his wife Mary H. went to Salt Lake City in May of 1866 to be sealed in the Endowment House, they must have traveled by horse or mule team, both down and back because the Rail Road did not reach Logan until January 31, 1873. John Q. Adams, my father was born in the Logan Third Ward in December of 1866. (His life account is found further on.) Annie Barbara Adams (Judah) was the first child of Mary Horlacher born in the Fifth Ward, whose life we will now make note of. I have at my command a short sketch of her life given to me by Gladys Haws and which was prepared largely by her efforts; I copyit as written: Annie Barbara Adams Judah In one of the early pioneer companies traveled two Scotch brothers, coming to Zion from the hills of Scotland, their native land. They were Hugh and James Adams. These brothers immigrated for their religious beliefs. Hugh, one of the brothers, later became the father of Annie B. Adams. In a later company come a sweet faced girl from her native Switzerland. The land of high mountains and lovely mountain scenery. Young Mary Horlacher found Zion much like her beloved homeland and she was happy. After being in Zion a short time Mary met Hugh Adams. They fell in love and married, establishing a comfortable pioneer home. They were real pioneers, living their religion carefully and helping to build a good community. They were the type of people who made America for Americans and truly made, “The desert blossom like a rose.” They had a happy home. Five children came to bless this home. They were as follows: Willie, born 1864. Annie B. born 1870. Mary, born 1865. Albert, born 1876. John, born 1866. It is the fourth child of this family, Annie Barbara, whose journey through this grand old world is being recorded here. Annie B. lived a happy childhood, attending school at the Old Rock School house which was located at 4th East and 3rd North her well remembered teachers were, Miss --------- , Miss Pratt Lavinia Maughan. When a real young girl she and Mary McNeil worked for Granny Smith up at the Temple Saw Mill in Temple Fork. Granny Smith cooked for the men who were getting lumber out for the construction of the Logan Temple. She and Mary washed dishes, set tables and prepared the vegetables. Each girl was paid $5.00 a week for helping the cook. Time went swiftly by, as time has a habit of doing when people are happy. Annie B. had many friends. She enjoyed activity. She worked hard and played hard. One center of interest was the famous old Reese Opera House. Here community dances were held. How Annie B. enjoyed dancing here with her many friends. Her favorite was the waltz and how well she did this dance. Among her personal friends was one Soren Peterson. He could really waltz and was so pleasant to be with. Annie B. was very fond of him and at one time she received his ring. Later she returned the ring but through the years they remained good friends. When Annie B. was 16 years of age a great sorrow came into her life. Her dearly beloved mother passed beyond the veil. Their dear mother’s death was a great shock to the family. Before her death, both Willie and Albert had passed away. At the time of their mother’s death, Mary, the eldest daughter had a darling baby daughter just two weeks old. Mary was happily married to a prosperous rancher on the west side of Cache Valley by the name of David Haws. The death of her beloved mother was a real shock to Maary at this time. This first child was named Neveve(?). In later years Mary had four additional children, Vaughan, Gladys, Arlington and Mable. After the mother’s death the father went to live with his other wife, Alice Smith Adams and her family. This left John Q. and Annie B. at their mother’s home alone. (The mother’s home refered to here was the four roomed doby house where I was born and raised.) These two loved each other dearly. There was a close attachment between them. In a few years the U. S. A. C. (Utah State Agricultural College) was being built. Many builders came for the construction of the college buildings. A number of these men come to room and board at the Adams home. Annie B. did the cooking and the house work while John Q. supervised the home. The two most interesting were Lew Martin and Frank Lawson. They were talented and interesting. In a short time these two married Grace Gallager and Lou H. Lawson. In the mean time Annie B. became interested and fell in love with a neighbor boy by the name of John Foster Parry. He was good looking and talented in music. He had one weakness, he tampered with liquor. He promised if Annie B. would marry him, he would stop. She loved him and believed him. So in April 1891 she and John Parry were happily married. The went to live in the Marion Adam’s home on third east. They were very happy for a time and all went well. In 1892 a fine sturdy little son came to bless their home. As time went on things grew worse between John parry and Annie B. Annie B. worked hard to make their marriage a success and pay their bills. Parry continued to avoid all their bills and use all their money for liquor. Finally Annie decided she could stand it no more. She went to her brother John Q. and asked him if she could move in the log cabin behind the old family house. During this time John Q. had married lovely Sally Cowley. John Q. and Sally had a little son by the name of Vernon. They were very happy. Vernon was near the age of Foster. They were very sorry for Annie B. and helped her all they could after she moved into the log cabin. Annie B. learned tailoring and made her living by sewing. She worked hard and lived very quietly. She had a large black dog given to her by her brother-in-law David Haws. The dog ???? was friendly and playful with little Foster and a real watch dog, always on guard at night. When Foster was between two or three years of age Annie B. and John Parry finally decided to separate and go their separate ways. John Q. and Sally were very sorry and did all they could to help and comfort Annie. She often walked to North Logan and back, sewing all day for one dollar. John Q. signed with Annie at the bank for $600.00 with which she had a two roomed house built just west of her mother’s old home on part of the lot given her by her father. Annie B. continued to live here making her living by sewing. About this time Sally gave birth to another child. She was very ill, the baby died and she asked Annie B. to take care of Vernon for her as she knew she was going to die. Lovely Sally passed to the Great Beyond much to the sorrow of John Q. and Annie B. Annie took care of Vernon and Foster. She dressed them alike and many people took them to be twins. In a short time John Q. married Armenia Parry, a sister of John F. Parry. Ten they took Vernon to live with them in the old Adams home. Later three lovely daughters were born to this union. They were Armenia, Verena and Harriet. Soon after John Q.’s second marriage Annie B. met a young engineering student by the name of Thomas Nelson Judah from Kansas, who was studying at the College. They became interested in each other and fell in love. Mr. Judah was a fine high type man; well educated, clean, honest, with a fine personality and high ideals. Mr. Judah graduated from the College in June 1900. He went to work at once in the mines in Butte, Montana. On Jan 16, 1901 he and Annie B. were married in Butte, Montana. They were married by a Mormon Elder at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Adams. Mr. Adams being a cousin of Annie B. Judah. The established a home in Butte, renting three rooms from Miss Grossman a school teacher in that city. Orval Adams, also a relative of Annie B. rented a room from Miss Grossman. He was a railroad man and laid over at Butte on his run. Mr. Judah broke his leg in an accident at the mine. While Tom was sick in a hospital in Montana his mother died in Kansas, making it impossible for him to attend her funeral. Annie B. found Butte a hard place to live. The smoke from the copper smelters gave her a raw throat and bad head aches. Her Doctor ????? advised her to leave the smelter smoke. She returned to Logan in the spring of 1902. On July 22, 1902 Thomas Courtney, her first son by Mr. Judah was born in Logan, Utah. Later, she returned to Butte two or three times, but was always forced to leave and come back to Logan on account of the smoke from the smelters. Later they returned to Logan, her old home, to live. They enlarged her home before the birth of her second son, George. Tom Judah was now working for the West Cache Irrigation Co., of northern Cache Valley. A few years after he started working for this company a great event came to crown their happiness, a baby daughter was born to them. Her name was Mamie, dearly beloved by her three brothers. Again the years rolled by, for time passes quickly for people who are happy and content. Foster had grown to manhood and had become a fine builder and contractor. He and his pretty wife Gertie were blessed with three lovely children. Two of these children grew to adult manhood and womanhood. They were named Faye and Lloyd. One daughter died whilestill an infant. Foster died suddenly while building their new home on Fourth street in March of 1920. The new home was later finished and moved into. They lived there a number of years taking care Gertie and her two children. While she worked at the Bluebird Candy Co. In a few years Gertie bought a new home and she with her children moved into it. The large home proved too much for Annie B. so they sold it and bought a smaller home on third north, about a block and a half from her old home, which they still owned and rented. Here they lived happily. The three Judah children all grew up and received good educations, each having their degree from the U.S.A.C. in Logan. Courtney became a hydraulic engineer, George going into business and banking and Mamie into business. Each being outstandingly successful in their chosen field. Mr. Judah began to have poor health. After a long and painful illness he passed away Jan. 22, 1938. This left Annie B. and her daughter Mamie alone. In about a year Mamie married. Annie B. decided to remodel her old home into a duplex or two apartment home. This was quite an undertaking, however, was finaly completed, and Annie B. moved back into her old home on the lot her father Hugh Adams gave her long years before. This was 1940. So now she has her three children, Courtney living in Montana, George living in Logan, Utah, and Mamie in Colorado. She has seven grand children and seven great grand children. And so in the golden sunset years of her busy life she is living near the spot where that busy life began. She has been kind and thoughtful to all she knew. She has many friends who love and admire her fine personality. She has been a good religious person and has lived by the Golden Rule. She has had great faith in God and in the power of prayer. She has inspired many by her great faith. She has lived up to the high ideals built and set by her pioneer parents. Next November 8, 1955 she will be eighty five years old. May she harvest a wealth of health and happiness which she so richly deserves. Aunt Annie Adams Judah passed away Sunday evening December 21, 1958 after a very short illness. Her funeral services were held in the Fifth Ward Church on east third north street in Logan, Utah on December 24, 1958: Speakers at her services: Stake President, Cecil B. Kenner. Ex Bishop Rugdar Daines, The baby she took into her home when his mother died Feb, 1894, J. Vernon Adams. Aunt Annie Judah had left this life, one of the dearest friends I ever had. In the late fall of 1952 some of the close relatives of Aunt Annie Judah along with some of her children met at her home for a pleasant evening of reminiscing. During the course of various conversations she said to me, “Vernon you know me better than about anyone else living today so when the time comes for me to pass on I want you to be there and tell what you know about me and my life.” I promised her that if it was humanly possible I would do so. Then again in the late summer of 1955 while visiting her, she once more reminded me of my promise, also stating, “You know Vernon, when your mother passed away it was I who took you as a baby to my house where you stayed until your father married again.” The news of Aunt Annie’s passing came to me Monday morning Dec 22, 1958 in Bakersfield, California. She had passed away the evening previous. Within two hours after receiving the word, Leda and I were on our way to Logan. Funeral services were held in the Logan Fifth Ward Chapel at one oclock PM. Dec. 24. I was there to keep my promise to the Lady, who meant so much to me in life. Aunt Annie was quick spoken, like my own father, if they had anything to say they said it, let the chips fall where they may. She came to my rescue one day in Logan, over fifty years ago, that is just as vivid today as the day it transpired. My father had given me ??5.00 and told me to go down to the “Hub” clothing store and buy me a coat to match my trousers. The manager had pushed off onto me a rather unsightly one, telling me, “How well I looked in it.” My folks didn’t agree with him and had me take it back and exchange it for another one of better fit or give the money back to me. Going to the store I presented my problem to the clerk who waited on me. After listening to my story, he said, “wait a minute kid while I take care of this customer.” All morning long and into early afternoon, I listened to that same story, as if it had been a recording. Early in the afternoon Aunt Annie came along and wanted to know what I was doing there. I told her about the plight I was in, where upon she said, “Come with me.” “Say,” said she, “You **** cuss, just why don’t you take care of this boy, he has been here over four hours and you keep shoving him off. You take care of him right now or I’ll see hat something is done about it.” That did it and off for home I soon went. This dear lady loved my Father very much. Many times he had befriended her and Like wise, many times she did the same for him. My father was confined to the hospital for many weeks following a rather serious operation. Money was scarce in those days and hard to get. Every Saturday as the bills came to Dad’s room they were picked up by his life long friend, and long time Counselor in the Bishopric, John P. Cardon then taken to our home for the family to pay what they could, then what the family lacked, Aunt Annie Judah made up. This amount she helped my Dad ran into considerable money, however, she was happy she was able to do it. Then on another occasion she was remodeling her home, which was next door to my father’s house. This was during the depression years and she told Dad, if he would come and help her regular carpenters already on the job, she would pay him the same as any other carpenter. Father was accumulating considerable age by this time, his sight was not too good, but he liked to work at such jobs. Several times the carpenter in charge went to Aunt Annie, complaining about Dad being slow and his sight not very accurate. After this had gone on for a few weeks, Aunt Annie said to her main carpenter, “Now you look here, Mr. man, I don’t want to hear another **** word out of you about my brother John, he is staying on the job untill it is finished. What few mistakes he might make I can live with, but another word out of you and you are through.” The carpenter knew where hestood and further complaints ceased right there. A short history of ecclesiasical Logan and the Fifth Ward. As a true history of the Adams family cannot be written without a partial history of the Fifth Ward in Logan I am inserting along with the life accounts of grandfather Hugh Adams and my father John Q. Adams, a historical sketch of the Fifth Ward. I take much of this information from research done by Dr. John A. Widtsoe while he was a resident of the Fifth Ward. Some comes from other sources which I feel to be authentic. That area which originally comprised the Logan Fifth Ward was surveyed in 1864 by James A Martineau, and in the spring of 1865 people began to build on their city lots. Hugh Adams at this time was living in the west part of Logan and in that portion called the Third Ward. The best and most reliable information obtainable by me, is that, right after this survey was completed by Martineau Hugh Adams along with his brother James secured the east half of the city block, which is the area now occupied by many of the Adams’, the Walter, Tom and James lots facing on 2nd. North street, then facing on3d. north street would by my father’s and Aunt Annie Judah’s lots. The east quarter of that same block was taken by James Adams, brother of Hugh. As none of this area had irregation water at this time different canal surveys were being checked and studied with a view in mind of getting water out as soon as possible. In the fall of 1864, Apostle Ezra T. Benson had called a meeting of the prominent citizens of Logan, Hyde Park, Smithfield and Richmond with the purpose of organizing two canal companies, which were later known as the Logan-Richmond Canal and the Logan-Hyde Park canal. About eight thousand acres would come under these two projects. In late summer of 1865 these canals were far enough completed as to make water available to people who were by this time living in the Fifth Ward. The first living quarters built in this neighborhood were dug-outs mad in 1864. However, by fall of 1865 many log and doby dwellings were taking form. Also during the winter months of 1865-66 the people in the area logged out suficient logs with which to construct a community center building which when completed was the first community meeting and school house for these residents. It was 16 X 20 feet in size. I have refered to this building several other places in these writings. Elder Bengt P. Woolfenstein was appointed by Apostle Benson to preside over this part of Logan which was to be called the Fifth Ward. William G. Cole and John Jacobs (father of fred Jacobs) were the first bretheren to do ward teaching amoung these people until a regular ward teaching organization was effected on Oct. 18, 1875. Although the town of Logan was at this time divided into five ecclesiastical divisions and presided over by division presidents, they were not regular wards, for Bishop William B. Preston, who later became Presiding Bishop of the Church, presided over the whole of Logan as Bishop. At this same time Apostle Benson presided over all settlements in Cache Valley somewhat on the order of Stake President. “Those who have been acquainted with some of these people, who were the first settlers of the Logan Fifth Ward, knew that they were strong, vigorous men and women, who were not afraid to tackle the problems of settlers of a new country, or to meet bravely the hardships incident to pioneer life. Their work was done well and we have occasion to praise them greatly for what they have done, and to maintain constantly a feeling of gratitude that we enjoy the fruits of their pioneer labors.” I remember Grandfather Hugh Adams telling on various occasions of how when the indians came to town, they would camp on what is now temple hill and build large fires, then dance around them. This caused the settlers to fear and tremble. To intimidate the Town’s people by night then demand food of them by day seemed to be the Indians way of getting something for nothing. In1874 Presiding Elder Bengt P. Wolfenstein was sent by Brigham Young to settle somewhere in Southern Utah. At this he went out of Logan City life and Cache Valley forever. In the early months of this same year as Wolfensein left the Fifth Ward, Elders Robert Henderson and John Jacobs acted jointly in Presiding over spiritual affairs in the Ward. On Dec. 6, 1874 William Hyde, who was ordained to preside over the Ward without Counselors, by Apostle Brigham Young Jr. took charge. At this date William Hyde lived in Hyde Park and happened to be in Green ??? Young in Logan. William Hyde moved to Logan in the early spring of 1875 and made his home on the lot just west of the Hugh Adams lot. The first organization of the Priesthood was effected by Elder Hyde on Oct. 18, 1875. This was an active group of Ward Teachers who counseled with the Presiding authority pertaining to spiritual affairs in a ward. At this time Andrew King (an older man) was president of the Deacons quorum with Robert McCulloch and Hugh Adams as his Counselors. Hugh Adams at this time was a Seventy in the Priesthood. May 20, 1877 the five ecclesiastical divisions or Wards effected in 1874 were made Bishops, Wards and on hat date William Hyde was ordained a Bishop, however, continued to act without Counselors until June 7, 1877 on which date Robert Henderson and Rasmus Nielsen became his Counselors. My father, John Q. Adams was but eleven years old, however during the tenure of Bishop Hyde, Dad became his second then later on his first Counselor. Bishop Hyde continued holding meeting in the log meeting house, which by1877 had been doubled in size, until 1880, at which time the Fifth Ward people commenced holding their Sunday services and other church gatherings in the Parry school house which had just been completed by the Logan Temple builders, under contract to the Logan City School District. This “Old Rock School” stood where the Whittier school stands. Soon after the Fifth Ward people had moved their church activities to the Parry School building they commenced making arrangements to build themselves a building for all church activities. This new church building was completed in 1889 and stood on the south-east corner of the block where the Adams School now stands. The “Adams” school was so named in honor of my father, John Q. Adams. This new church building was 371/2 x 60 feet with a vestry built on the north end measuring 24 x 30 feet. The tower on the south end stood 70 feet high. In this building I was christened by Hugh Adams Jan. 4, 1893, then in February of 1920 my son Paul V. was christened there by his grandfather John Q. Adams. Here in this building I received every grade of the Priesthood from Deacon to that of an Elder, all under the hands of my father. The population of the Fifth Ward in 1890 was 712 souls. On Jan.20, 1901 John Q. Adams was sustained a second Counselor to Bishop Hyde, then on July 13, 1902 was made first Counselor. Bishop Wm. Hyde resigned early in 1907 and received an honorable release from his labors as Bishop after having served in that capacity for thirty two years. A ward conference was held March 24, 1907 at which date Bishop Hyde was released and John Q. Adams was sustained as Bishop. John Q. Adams was ordained to this office April 28, 1907 under the hands of Apostle George Teasdale. In commenting upon the presiding officers of theWard, Dr.Widtsoe writes under date of May 25, 1915: “President Wolfenstein and Bishops Hyde and Adams are good men. They have ever been true and faithful to the trust reposed in them and to the welfare of the Ward they have given their best talents. Their Counselors and the people of the Ward have ever given their Bishops undivided support. President Wolfenstein laid the solid foundation of the Ward. Bishop Hyde who came when the people were a little more comfortable situated, organized the Ward a little more thoroughly in all of its divisions. It has been Bishop Adams’s task to make the Ward conform to new duties that this new modern day had brought. Our Bishops have done their work well.” In December 1903 it was decided to build an annex to the present structure, including an ammusement hall, many more class rooms and install steam heat. July 1, 1917 the Fifth Ward was divided and all that portion lying north of sixth street was organized into the Logan TenthWard with Karl C. Schaub as Bishop. (Bishop Schaub passed away Jan. 31, 1959, 89 years old) Sunday School: Dr. Widtsoe seems to think that the first Sunday School organized in Logan as a whole was the one brought into being in the Fifth Ward in 1868. Y. L. M. I. A. I find that my step-mother Armenia Parry, was sustained a President of the Young ladie’s Mutual on Jan. 10, 1892 and stayed in that position until June 3, 1897. Then I find that the Primary was organized in the Fifth Ward April 23, 1881 with Mary Horlacher Adams as second Counselor in the Presidency. Another change in the Primary shows where Armenia Parry Adams was sustained a President Oct. 14, 1898. In reading over these past few pages of the Fifth Ward, from it’s inception until July 23, 1917 which marked the passing of Hugh Adams, he figured and took part in it’s every heart beat. Even though in the early days of Logan he lived in the Third Ward he at the same time was building houses and canals in the Fifth Ward. I take these following statements from a marker which stands close to the spot where original meeting house stood: UTAH TRAILS AND LANDMARKS No. 63 Erected 1935 A. D. Thirty feet of this spot was built in the winters of 1865-66, under the leadership of Bengt P. Wolfenstein, the first community center of Logan Fifth Ward, consisting of but one room 16 x 20 –feet. It served, never-the-less, as a church building, amusement hall and school house. Wm. B. Cole being the first teacher. At that early date, eager for religious, social and educational growth, the Ward united upon the project. Even boys of school age helped men with team get the logs from Green Canyon. Others laid them into the building that rose, a humble symbol of the cooperative spirit of the Mormon pioneer. To commemorate that enterprise this monument was erected by the Scout Explorers, Troop 105, of the Logan Fifth Ward. John Q. Adams and Dan A. Swenson ward committee, Henry K. Aebischer, troop leader. The original key affixed to a stone from the foundation of the old house, has been made a part of this marker. UTAH PIONEER TRAILS AND LANDMARK ASSOCIATION The marker stands at about 470 North, Fourth East Street, Logan, Utah.

Conditions for children miners in Inveresk

Contributor: vlsimon Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

I have taken this information from the Scottish Mining Website the New Craighall mine was close in proximity to the Old Craighall mine and I would imagine had similar conditions. Although the case studies are not of our family members, it opened my eyes to the difficult life our ancestors experienced. Children's Employment Commission 1842 The following extracts are from the report by R F Franks to the Children's Employment Commission on the East of Scotland District which was published in 1842. New Craighall Colliery -parish of Inveresk.-(Sir John Hope, of Pinkie, Baronet.) No.68. Alexander Gray, 10 years old, below-ground pump-boy:- I pump out the water in the under bottom of the pit, to keep the mens rooms dry. I am obliged to pump fast or the water would cover me. I had to run away a few weeks ago, as the water came up so fast that I could no pump at all and the men were obliged to gang. The water frequently covers my legs and those of the men when they sit to pick. I have been two years at the pump. I work every day, whether men work or not. Am paid 10d. a-day: no holidays but Sabbath. I go down at three, sometimes five, in the morning; and come up at six and seven at night. I know that I work 12 and 14 hours, as I can tell by the clock. I know the hours: the minute-hand is longer than the one which points to the hour: and I can read and do a little at writing. I go to night-school when there is no work: canna gang after work, am o'er fatigued. I get flesh and kail when I return home and take my pieces of oaten bread wi' me. Can go the length of some of the Questions: the teacher taught me. I know who made the heaven and earth - it was God: our Saviour was his Son. The Devil is sin: sin is any want of conformity to the law of God; so it says in my Questions. I don't know what conformity is, nor the law of God. No.69. Robert Thomson, 11 years old, horse-driver:- Drives a pony in the Tunnel Mine; works 12 and 14 hours: has done 18 months. Would like it fine if the time would allow me to see the daylight. The pit is very wet and sair drappie. The women complain of the wet but they are obliged to like it. I work to father and go to Sabbath-school at Fisherrow. [Reads well, and writes very clear.] No.70. Janet Moffatt, 12 years old, coal-putter:- Works from six morning till six night: alternate weeks works in the night-shift. Descends at six at night, and return five or six in morning, as the coals are drawn whiles later. I pull the waggons, of 4 to 5 cwt., from the mens rooms to the horse-road. We are worse off than the horses, as they draw on iron rails and we on flat floors. We have no meals below. Some of us get pieces of bread when we can save it from the rats who are so ravenous that they eat the corks out of our oil-flasks. I draw the carts through the narrow seams. The roads are 24 to 30 inches high: draw in harness, which passes over my shoulders and back; the cart is fastened to my chain. The place of work is very wet and covers my shoe-tops. I work on mother's account with sister, as father was killed in the pit five years since. There are often accidents below; a woman was killed 3 months since by one of the pit waggons. Mother has eight children. Three of us work below; we are her only support. [Can read, and knows Scripture very well: can sign her name but very indifferently.] No.71. James M'Kinley, 9 years old, below-ground pumper:- I gang below with two sisters at three in the morning. We take bits of bread: we get nothing else until we return at three and four in the day. We work all night week about. Father gets 10d. a-day for my work. I used to go to school and so did sisters, before we came down. Sisters are 12 and 14 years of age. I have down nine months, they many years. I could read in Testament, am too fatigued to gang, after work, to the school. Mother worked till she broke her hands. [Reads very badly.] No.72. Mr Thomas King, mining overseer, New Craighall Colliery:- We employ in the works below about 600 persons; 573 below ground: 155 are females and 102 boys and lads. The number of young persons are not always the same, as the parents take them down as they need them; and it must be admitted that children are taken below much too early. We have no control over them. The men regulate the out-put of their work, as also the limit for their children's claims for work. Taking children very young down has an injurious effect. I have known them carried underground at six and seven years of age, on purpose to claim the privileges. Boys of 12 and 14 years of age can acquire the positions and practical part of coal-hewing better than when younger. Maturity gives them rigour; they are more active and infinitely more useful. Children are detained frequently longer below than parents, as they have to wait their turns in drawing up their father's or master's coal. The labour below but more especially bearing coals, severely injures the females; and they suffer much in after-life. Men suffer much who work below on the stone-mining: few reach 40 years of age. No.73. Ellspee Thomson, 40 years old, coal-bearer:- I wrought all my life, till a stone, 14 months ago, so crushed my leg and right foot, below ground, that I could no' gang. If women did not work below the children would not go down so soon; and it would better for them, as they would get more strength and a little learning. Can say to my own cost that the bairns are much neglected when both parents work below; for neighbours, if they keep the children, they require as much as women sometimes earn and neglect them. The oppression of the coal-bearing is such as to injure women in after-life; and few exist whose legs are not injured, or haunches, before they are 30 years of age. Has known many women leave for service but for want of proper instruction have not be able to hold to the places: the liberty women have unfits them for restraint. Thinks colliers' daughters full as virtuous as other women, only their habits are so different from being taken down so early, especially as collier men think the lassies need less education. The hours children are wrought are much too long; many work 15 hours, none less than 12. I do not know any women that have much suffered from the bad air but most of the men begin to complain at 30 to 35 years of age and drop off before they get the length of 40. No.74. Mr. David Wilson, overseer to the New Craighall Colliery:- I have been in this part of Mid-Lothian many years: 20 years in capacity of overseer and connected with coal working full 40 years. I have evidenced much dissipation and changeableness in consequence of colliers being allowed to employ women in the oppressive part of the labour. Sir John Hope endeavoured some years since to abolish the most degrading and hard part of the labour of women and was opposed by the women and husbands, as interfering with their rights. After great loss, much dispute and delay, many women yoked to the new mode of pulling or pushing and gave up bearing coal. Since horses have been employed many women have kept their homes and I have witnessed a vast change in the habits and health of whole families. The want of domestic training is most severely felt by the females themselves, and much as they desire a change of life they feel their own unfitness to that degree as to abandon all hope. Some few colliers have, on this work, married respectable domestic servants and I have evidenced a vast change in the homes, cleanliness and comforts of the people and children, especially when compared with those whose wives work below ground. No.75. Walter Pryde, aged 81 years, coal-hewer:- I have not wrought for six years. Was first yoked to the coal work at Preston Grange when I was nine years of age: we were then all slaves to the Preston Grange laird. Even if we had no work on the colliery in my father's time we could seek none other without a written licence and agreement to return. Even then the laird or the tacksman selected our place of work and if we did not do his bidding we were placed by the necks in iron collars called juggs, and fastened to the wall, "or made to go the rown." The latter I recollect well the men's hands were tied in face of the horse at the gin and made run round backwards all day. When bound the hewers were paid 4d. a tub of 4cwt. And could send up six to eight tubs, but had to pay their own bearers out of the money, so that we never took more than 8s. to 10s. a-week. The money went much further than double would do now. There are few men live to my age who work below. My wife is 82 and she worked at bearing till she was 66 years of age. We are very poor, having had to bring up 11 children; five are alive. Sir John allows us a free house and coal and the Kirk Session allows us one shilling per week each. Should die if it were not for neighbours and son, who have a large family, and can ill afford to give. No.76. David Gordon, 17 years old, coal-hewer, Craighall Coal-Town:- I hew coal: have done so four years on Sir John's work. Before I went below could read and do the writing: have nearly lost all learning. The irregular nature of the work prevents my seeking the school. The pit we are wrought in there have been many accidents, as the roof is soft, and the water rises sometimes nearly to the roof. I can earn 2s. 6d. a-day when on full work. Sometimes I push the hurlies and my sister Janet assists, as the work has made me weak in the limbs. The lassies draw with ropes and chains: the harness they purchase themselves, it costs 5s. and is made very strong, as the hurlies contain 5 to 7cwt. of coal. Knows some few of the questions in shorter Catechism; very little knowledge of Scripture or arithmetic; can sign own name and that very badly. I know the colliers' children are school freed but very few attend after work and some parents do not send their young children, as they get too much of the strap. [There was scarcely any furniture in the hut and the filthy appearance of the children was disgusting; the fowls were roosting over the bed and appeared by their noise to know that a stranger was present. The mother had been a coalbearer: she had seven children in life, four worked below with father. While in the cottage the father returned, having left two children in the pit: he said they had wrought 15 hours and were waiting their turn below.] No.77. Agnes Johnson, aged 17 years, road-redder:- Assists in redding the road in the Tunnel Pit and work 12 hours. It is very sore work but I prefer it, as I work on the master's account and get 14d. a-day. When I work with father he keeps me 15 and 16 hours at coal-carrying, which I hate, as it last year I twisted my ankles out of place, and I was idle near 12 months. No.78. Robert Inglis, aged 82:- I am the oldest collier on Sir John Hope's work, and have not been able to do much for many years, but am employed about at light work, which gets me a maintenance; am very ill at present, though I move out. I was born 9th Sept. 1759 and worked at Pinkie Pit long before the colliers got their freedom; the first emancipation took place on the 3rd of July, 1775 - we always kept the day as a holiday. Lord Abercorn got us out of our slavery. Father and grandfather were slaves to the Laird of Preston Grange and after the works had stopped and we got licence from Mr. Peter Hunter, the then tacksman, we could not get work, as the neighbours kenned that the Laird of Preston Grange would send the sheriff after us and bring us back. So binding was the bondage, that the lairds had the power of taking colliers who had left them out of any of his Majesty's ships, or bringing back any who had enlisted in the army. Such ill-feelings existed against colliers and salters years past that they were buried in unconsecrated ground; this was common in Fife. If colliers had been better treated they would have been better men.

Daniel Garn Company

Contributor: vlsimon Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

There is a wonderful website with journal entries from company members and details of the journey found at

History of Logan 5th Ward from USU Special Collections

Contributor: vlsimon Created: 3 years ago Updated: 3 years ago

History of Logan 5th Ward, the area where Hugh and James settled with their families. John Quincy Adams was bishop of this ward and many family members are mentioned.

Life timeline of Hugh Adams

Hugh Adams was born in 1829
Hugh Adams was 2 years old when Charles Darwin embarks on his journey aboard HMS Beagle, during which he will begin to formulate his theory of evolution. Charles Robert Darwin, was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and, in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
Hugh Adams was 11 years old when Samuel Morse receives the patent for the telegraph. Samuel Finley Breese Morse was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
Hugh Adams was 30 years old when Charles Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species. Charles Robert Darwin, was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors and, in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace, introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.
Hugh Adams was 31 years old when Abraham Lincoln is elected as the 16th President of United States. Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through the American Civil War—its bloodiest war and perhaps its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. In doing so, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy.
Hugh Adams was 48 years old when Thomas Edison announces his invention of the phonograph, a machine that can record and play sound. Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park", he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
Hugh Adams was 59 years old when The Great Blizzard of 1888 struck the northeastern United States, producing snowdrifts in excess of 50 ft (15 m) and confining some people to their houses for up to a week. The Great Blizzard of 1888 or Great Blizzard of '88 was one of the most severe recorded blizzards in the history of the United States of America. The storm, referred to as the Great White Hurricane, paralyzed the East Coast from the Chesapeake Bay to Maine, as well as the Atlantic provinces of Canada. Snowfalls of 10 to 58 inches fell in parts of New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, and sustained winds of more than 45 miles per hour (72 km/h) produced snowdrifts in excess of 50 feet (15 m). Railroads were shut down, and people were confined to their houses for up to a week. Railway and telegraph lines were disabled, and this provided the impetus to move these pieces of infrastructure underground. Emergency services were also affected.
Hugh Adams was 64 years old when Electrical engineer Nikola Tesla gives the first public demonstration of radio in St. Louis, Missouri. Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.
Hugh Adams was 74 years old when The Wright brothers make their first attempt to fly with the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903, four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. In 1904–05 the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.
Hugh Adams died in 1917 at the age of 88
Grave record for Hugh Adams (1829 - 1917), BillionGraves Record 1164793 Logan, Cache, Utah, United States