Immigration sketch by Terry Hardy
Contributor: finnsh Created: 1 year ago Updated: 1 year ago
Frederick Hardy, elder brother of James and his half brother of Thomas Tedder Hardy, and his family were the last of the Hardy family to leave England for a pioneering life in America.
Frederick’s wife, Emma (formerly Emma Game of Bishops Stortford, Hertfordshire) had been baptised into the faith in August 1855 at the age of 27yrs. by her half brother in law, Thomas Tedder Hardy, in August 1855 in the Edmonton Branch of the London Conference and she was confirmed the same day. This is further evidence that Thomas was most likely the first of the Hardy family to become a Mormon and an early ‘driving force’. Certainly the families would all have known each other: they were born and grew up in the same quiet rural part of England.
Frederick and family had lived in Edmonton, then still almost a village, on the outskirts of London for many years – since leaving Much Hadham and before he and Emma were married, on 23rd. November 1855 at All Saints Church, Edmonton. Until their departure for America, Frederick had been carrying on the now established family tradition of shoemaker and Cordwainer and it is probable that they lived in the area, Duck Lane, for many years. Sarah Hardy, Frederick’s spinster sister had also lived with them at one time. The name of ‘Duck Lane’ was apposite as it was prone to flooding in heavy rains!
Frederick Hardy with wife Emma and their 19yr old son Frederick James, sailed for America from Liverpool on 28th. June 1876 and were lucky to have made the still hazardous Atlantic crossing in an early, single screw, straight stem steam ship, the Idaho. This single funnel ship of 3,132 gross ton and built in 1869, was rigged for sail, had two masts and was relatively fast; it had a top speed of 11 knots. The family arrived in New York 12 days after leaving the river Mersey, on Monday July 10th. at pier 46 in South Manhattan, the immigration terminal of “Castle Gardens” having suffered a serious fire the previous night!