Alfred Frederick Hanks and Harriet Elizabeth Pocock Hanks
Contributor: cindykay1 Created: 2 years ago Updated: 2 years ago
Mingled anticipation and apprehension must have filled the heart of a young thirteen year old boy, Alfred Frederick Hanks, having been born 7 March 1856 in Nailsworth, Gloucestershire, England, the seventh child of George Hanks Sr and Eliza Jane Davis Hanks, when it was decided in the year 1869 that they now had funds for him to join his brother and sister in America. His "turn" had finally come to go to "Zion" in company with one of the Elders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Elder Josiah Gibbs.
The parents of Alfred had been members if the Church for some 18 years, having been baptized in 1851 - during which time they had no doubt had been planning to eventually make their home in "Zion". This spirit of "gathering" was deeply imbedded in their hearts. George Jr, the eldest son, and just 18 [years old] when he came to Utah and settled in Salem in 1862 and lived there his entire life. Elizabeth at 16 years arrived in 1868 in Utah and lived in Logan for a time, them moved to Salem to be with her brother and his family, marrying later and rearing her family in in Arizona.
Quoting from the "Life History of Alfred F Hanks and Elizabeth Pocock Hanks" by Alex F. Dunn, "Alfred now faced a long and lonesome adventure over 7000 miles of sea and land. His home life and been happy and his parent provided him with the schooling available in this part of Gloucestershire. Just previous to this time, however, that Alfred's father was in a position to send his son to Utah, the hong boy had been placed as a farmer's apprentice to Charles Ford. On leaving this man, it was necessary for Alfred to steal away in the night in order to depart peacefully. These tactics were the advice of his father and were well founded for Mr. Ford declared after the boy was out of reach, that he would have timed him if, if had known previously of his intended departure.
Alfred and Elder Gibbs joined a large group (perhaps as many as 400) Saints leaving on the Steamship "Minnesoda" in August of 1869. At this time passage to New York took some 30 days or more. Some years later, he told his sones of being washed off deck by a huge wage, falling over the railing onto a woman and child, a frightening experience. As related by other Saints crossing the ocean, rations were issued to the passengers and each was expected to prepare his own meals. His Mother had prepared a box of food to supplement rations, but it was stoled the first night aboard the ship.
Arriving in New York, the Saints boarded a train for Utah. The trip across the country aboard one of the early transcontinental trains was in itself quite an adventure according to those who traveled. The railroad had only been in operation for some 3 or 4 months, having been completed 10 May 1869, and no meals were provided aboard at each stop, passengers left the train and hurried to wayside stations and homes to buy or trade for food. Schedules were lose and time allowed for stops unannounced. A "toot" from the engine meant "rush aboard". Elders in charge of the immigrant companies helped in rounding up the passengers to return to the train. After some ten days, they arrived in Ogden, Utah.
President Brigham Young organized a shuttle service for Saints arriving by train in Ogden to help them get to their destinations. Ward Bishops did their share of arranging for wagons and drivers to help the Saints get from one town to another. Alfred and Elder Gibbs were taken from Ogden to Salt Lake, to Provo, to Nephi, and on down the state to Fillmore. (Note: It was nearly one hinder years, October 1968, after Alfred came to Utah that an LDS Meetinghouse was dedicated near his birthplace).
At Fillmore, he was employed as a carpenter apprentice to Elder Gibbs for about two years and went to school in the winter. This experience gave him skill in building and using tools. After nearly two years, he worked for farmers in the area, acquiring his own team and wagon from Alma Robinson and did freighting from Fillmore to the Silver Reef Mine near St. George. he also made trips to the little community of Kingston near Panguitch where the United Order was being lived. He enjoyed the visits to these Saints. In the Kingston area, he also obtained tree bark used for tanning purposes and hauled it back to Fillmore. During this period he also worked on the range with cattle and sheep.He really loved horses and knew how to handle them.
A life-long friendship was started here in Fillmore with Charles R. McBride. Both of these young men courted the daughters of Frances Marion Lyman and Rhonda Taylor Lyman.
From Fillmore, Alfred went to Salem to join members of his family there, then decided to move onto Tooele. I think this move may have been promoted by the fact that the Frances Marion Lyman family had mode from Fillmore and were living there. He married Mary Ellen Taylor Lyman in the Salt Lake Endowment House on 24 January 1878, Alfred was 22 and Ellen just 17. His friend, Charles R. McBride had married Alice Lyman while still living in Fillmore and they also moved to Tooele.
After careful planning and saving and small amounts added to their funds by their children in Utah and undoubtedly with aid from the Perpetual Immigration Fund of the Church, the entire George Hanks Sr family with the exception of one daughter (Fanny Hanks) arrived in Utah. The parents and children travelled together, the youngest Johanna between 6 and 10 years of age. They settled at Salem in Utah County.
Quoting from Alex F. Dunn History: "The father was was very much disappointed after he came to Utah, he had a hard time making a living. From the green, rolling hills of England to the desert country of Utah was a long step. He remarked at times that, 'If it were not for the ocean, he would walk back to England'. However he became adjusted to the new environment and did much to build up the town of Salem."
At least one of Alfred's brother's was a missionary to England. George Hanks Jr, included in his life history the blessing given to him before his departure by Brother Heber J. Grand, 29 April 1880, them a member of the Council of the twelve of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
Two sons were born to Alfred and Ellen. Stanley Alonzo, 3 December 1878 and Alfred Lyman, 28 August 1880. Apparently the young family was living at the Lyman home west of the old Social Hall (Opera House). it was she Alfred Lyman was nearly a year old that Ellen became ill from an ulcerated tooth and passed away, 17 July 1881 as a result of the infection. Elizabeth Pocock came to work at the Lyman home, assisting with the children and the housework. It was here that she met Alfred Frederick Hanks for the first time.
Harriet Elizabeth Pocock was born at Long Lane, near Newbury, Burkshire, England, the youngest child of Charles and Harriet Lailey Pocock on 6 September 1863. Her father, Charles Pocock was a broom maker and the straw for the brooms was raised on their land. They also cultivated a fine garden and Elizabeth and Charles, her brother, just nineteen months older than she, loaded fruits and vegetables into a cart and took them to Newbury to sell. It was a distance of some three and one half miles southeast of Long Lane.
Charles and Elizabeth had five older brothers and sisters -- Henry, Ann, Lucy, John, and Luke, to children Alfred and Caleb died when very young. The parents, Charles and Harriet were baptized on 30 December 1847 by Missionaries of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and from this time on plans were made to "Gather to Zion", but it was not until 6 September 1878 that these plans materialized. Young Charles was born 1 February 1861 ten years after Caleb and Elizabeth, nearly two years later - thus the two younger children comprised the "second family". It was these two younger children that went with the parents when they set sail from Liverpool for America on the ship "Wyoming". They arrived in Salt Lake City 4 October 1878 and went to Tooele the following day, young Charles 17 and Elizabeth 15.
Elizabeth, 18, married Alfred Frederick Hanks, now 26, on 9 January 1882 at Tooele, Utah. Judge Hugh S. Gowans performed the ceremony. It is interesting to note that this marriage was solemnized in the Salt Lake Endowment House 24 May 1883, the same day her brother Charles was married to Wilhelmina (Minnie) Isgreen.
Elizabeth had a ready-made family from the beginning of her marriage, naturally the two young sons of Alfred and Ellen lived with them, She was a fine seamstress and an excellent cook. She loved these little boys -- Stanley and Alfred, and made all their clothing. Her first son, Charles Arthur names after her brother Charles was born 18 October 1883, the first i a family of 11 children.
Alfred and Elizabeth lived in the "Samuel Lee" home for some years, then Alfred build a new red brick home at 382 South 200 West in Tooele. The brick was laid by William H. Elkington Sr. Thomas LeBreten plastered the walls of the home. it was a two-story structure, ample for the family they then had and for others to come.
Young Alfred spent some time with his grandparents, the Francis Marion Lymans'. Arthur used to stay overnight with Alfred occasionally. As bedtime approached, Elizabeth would walk several blocks to see if the boys were all right, calling to the upstairs window as they slept. When Alfred was at his Father's home, he was allowed to take a big slice of homemade bread, spread it with bitter, then ad sugar and thick cream from a pan of milk. This privilege usually wasn't permitted the younger boys in the family.
Surrounding the new home was two and one half acres of ground to be used for garden, orchard, and out buildings including the barn, machine shed, granary, cellar with walk down steps and quite a steep roof. This cellar was partitioned off into buns to hold potatoes and other vegetables for winter storage. Milk and cream was stored in a screened cupboard during the hot weather. Elizabeth churned with cream in a rock and a paddle inserted through a hole in the wooden lid. A wooden butter mold shaped the butter into pounds and the remaining buttermilk was delicious.
Many times Alfred would time Elizabeth as she mixed "soda biscuits" for breakfast. This big clock in the kitchen wall ticked away as she combined flour, salt, soda, lard, and buttermilk then placed the rounded biscuits, cut with the sharp edge of a baking power can, and carefully lined up in the big black pans and popped in the oven over the coal stove. She really could make beautiful biscuits in "jig time". Alfred would laugh and urge her along to beat her former time. She was small in stature, but made up in speed what she might have lacked in size.
Most of the calves born to the family cows were sold for cash, but pigs were used for the family food. They were dressed out when the weather was cold, the meat would keep better. Lard was rendered, sausage ground and seasoned with sage, salt and pepper, head chess set and hams and bacon cured. Delicious for breakfast was the tenderloin and the bacon strips.
Alfred worked for James M. Gollaher on the thresher, operating the separator. Grain was cut on the irrigated land with a sweeper and put into bundles by hand, stacked and allowed to try and await the coming of the thresher to the farm. A regular banquet was served at noon to the men working ton the thresher. Elizabeth made beautiful pineapple pies for these special meals. Pat Skelton, Joshua White, George McLaus, and George Hammond were among the men working with the threshers. The "toil" wagon loaded the grain for the use of Mr Gollaher's threshers. His stacks were labeled "JMG". All the men who worked took their pay in grain also. (For every 100 bushels threshed, workers received one half bushel). Alfred knew how to operate the threshing machine well as well as budding skilled in the use of tools to build and repair many things around the farm.
Teams of horses were a necessity in earning a livelihood as farming was done then. "Old Nig" and "Brownie" made up one of the teams that Alfred Had. He learned to know the "personalities" of the horses and could handle them without a whip. "Laramie" and "Collie" were the names of another of his teams. "Laramie" pulled a buggy to get Alfred to and from his farmland. Stanley's daughter Maurine remembers her Fathers' telling her that "When Grandfather planted his crops, he took some soil in one hand and seeds in the other and asked the Lord to bless them." He farmed land on shares for Joe England and Moroni England. This property was in the "new survey", and located on the way to the U.P.R.R Station west of Tooele. Alfred and Elizabeth took some meat from Joe England, a butcher, on the settlement of working his land.
A.F. Doremus hired Alfred to put up his hay on shares. Many loads of hay came to fill his big barn. As grandchildren, we were cautioned not to play on the hay, be causes it caused the leaves to fall from the steps and made it unpalatable for the animals. "Old Curley" was the family cow for many years and along with the horses consumed the hay stored in the barn. "Keno" and "Fan" were grandpa's dogs. The barn was a most interesting place to find hans with their baby chicks and mother cats with kittens.
Of ensuring fascination was the "lilac seat". In a really large lavender lilac bush just east and north of the home, a "seat" was cut into the heart of the bush on the north side and a cushion placed there. Grandpa sat there often and the grandchildren played there. A beautiful climbing rose bush was set against the red brick of this special home very near the lilac bush.
Grandpa loved to hear our "Edison" phonograph played. He would walk down to our home, sit on the porch and call, "Emma, Emma". My mother would come out and he would ask her to play his favorite tunes, he would tap his foot and sing along with the records. "I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles", "Three O'Clock in the Morning", "Irish Washer Woman" and "Moonlight and Roses" were some he liked the best.
Grandpa didn't have a car when my Father, Charles Arthur Hanks, could persuade him to take a ride in the old Model "T" Ford ,he wouldn't shut the door on the passenger side, but had his right good on the running board ready for a quick exit.
Grandpa was hired by the City of Tooele to make paths on the sidewalks during the winter months. These winters were severe and the snow deep. Often we waited for the plow to go by before allowed to start the five blocks to school. One of this teams pulled the big triangle shaped "plow".
Grandma was an active, loyal member of the Relief Society. She was a "Block Teacher" for many years. Elizabeth "Lib" Gillespie was her partner for quite some time. She was an expert quilter, talking such tiny even stitches. During her later years, grandchildren were called in from play to thread her needles. She was ver conscientious about paying tithing on any money that came into her hands.
Grandma was always busy. The family garden was her responsibility. Grandpa plowed and harrowed the solid early in the spring, but it was she who planted, wedded, and irrigated it carefully. The first "mess" of peas from her garden was taken to the homes of her children -- Arthur, Marion, Elsie, Theo -- al those who lived nearby. A lush strawberry patch on the northeast section of the lot was cared for and produced berries for jim and shortcake. Grandma loved flowers too, snapdragons, columbines, daisies, roses, snowballs, honeysuckle. The flower garden was on the south side of the strawberry patch. her window sills had beautiful pots of geraniums.
Grandma's generous nature was evident toward her grandchildren. It we ever went to borrow, as we frequently did, we could always expect about twice as much as we asked for: washing starch, salt, sugar, etc. It was she who bought me my first pair of silk stockings. Each year early in the summer, she made me a new "sunbonnet", all freshly starched and as light as a feather on my head.
Grandma was an avid reader, sometimes reading late into the night -- the Bible especially. The story of Joseph in Egypt was one of her favorites. She told us this story many times, leaving off the "h's" on some words and adding them to others, a typical English tradition. She borrowed books to read before the advent of the library.
The "pantry"was the center of the cooking activity for many years, such delicious smells and goodies that came from that small little room. A fascination of this room was a box under a corner table that held many pairs of ladies shoes -- we had such fun finding a pair to "play house". Later, my father built cabinets in the south end of her kitchen and the pantry area was converted into a bathroom.
Mattresses at the family home were made from dark blue striped ticking filled with fresh straw seasonally or when it "flattened out" too much. Straw was ask put on freshly scrubbed floors and the boys romped around and used sticks to "tramp it down". Then the room-sized home-made rugs were tacked down next to the mopboards. It was always surprising how much silt sifted through the rugs before the next change of straw and how good and clean the room smelled after the renovation.
Arther, George Marion, and Porter Callister slept together with usual boyish arguing and "making fun" had to be disciplined many nights before they went to sleep.
Great Grandmother Pocock (Harriet Lailey Pocock) lived at the family home some time after the death of her second husband, Philip Fidler on 30 December 1890. She passed away 3 June 1897. One year before her death, a two you old son of her daughter and son in law, Clyde Frank, passed away 20 May 1896. Death came again to this home, 22 September 1898 when Porter died at the age of 13 at St. Marks Hospital in Salt Lake City from complications of appendicitis. Arthur, then 15 and Marion 10 were much saddened by this tragic occurrence -- they had been so close, these three brothers.
The daughters of this family were so very dear in love and friendship. Elsie Jane born 17 February 1890 was the eldest, Nellie Bertha born two and a half years later on 3 August 1892. Two daughters, Emma Vilate and Alice Virginia arrived 7 February 1897 and 25 October 1898. This closeness has continued through the years. Four years after Alice, Theodore was born on 23 September 1902, a stillborn child - 9 June 1905 and Marcella 19 July 1909. This completed a family of 13 children having been born to Alfred Frederick Hanks, 11 by Elizabeth Pocock Hanks, truly a responsibility to rear and provide a living.
Grandma and Grandpa observed their Golden Wedding Anniversary 9 January 1932 with a reception in the banquet room of the Tooele South Ward. Elsie's daughter, Blanche, penned lovely invitations to the guests written in golden ink in her beautiful handwriting. It was truly an eventful occasion with all of the family -- 8 living chldren, 26 grandchildren, and a four year old great grandchild present. Also present were members of the Alfred Lyman and Stanley Alonzo Hanks families and other guests.
Family gatherings were at the heart of their sociality, but they also did enjoy some Tooele South Ward events. They were honored by the High Priest Quorum of the Ward on 24 April 1935. At this time, events in the lives of these true pioneers were given and a social evening enjoyed. In later years, the local Stand Theater invited older citizens to attend movies as guests. Grandma and Grandpa did enjoy this activity.
Elba, daughter of Charles Arthur and Emma Hanks related the following incident in the lives of her grandparents: "Theodore was very ill with pneumonia, everything possible was being done for this young man, but his condition did not improve. He was unable to recognize even the close family members. His parents decided to have a prayer circle in his behalf. All of the family members living near were called to kneel around the big brass bed in Grandma's bedroom. Uncle Charles Pocock was asked to give the prayer. His kind, pleading words touched the hearts of all of those present and they opened tear-filled eyes at the end of the prayer. Theo seemed better at once, and knew those present; it was the beginning of a complete recovery for this young man and an added testimony to those of the family at his bedside." Elba was the only youngster present and was very much impressed by this manifestation of the Power of the Priesthood.
Grandpa passed away 8 September 1935 at his home in Tooele at age 79, leaving his posterity a heritage of love and devotion. Grandma lived another six years, until 19 September 1941, so kind, generous, and industrious during these last years of her life. They are both buried in Tooele City Cemetery. Grandma was 78 years old at her passing.
Children of Alfred Frederick and Ellen Taylor Lyman Hanks and their companions:
Stanley Alonzo married Maud Frame
Alfred Lyman married Alice Tate / Luella Tate
Children of Alfred Frederick and Elizabeth Pocock Hanks and their companions:
Charles Arthur married Emma Russell
Porter Callister died at age 13
George Marion married Vera Condie / Irene Short
Elsie Jane married Matthew Green / Seymour Curry
Nellie Bertha married Carl L. Powell
Clyde Frank died at age 2
Emma Vilate married Dr. Harold I. Goodwin
Alice Virgie married Claud F. Hawkins
Theodore married Arvilla Sutton / Lilian Williams
Marcella married Grand Fidler
Life History written by Alex F. Dunn
Personal Knowledge of Charles Arthur Hanks and Family
Written and compiled by Ruth Emma Hanks Allen, granddaughter (Date unknown)
Copy in possession of Scott Allen, grandson of Ruth Emma Hanks Allen